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June 29, 1965 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1965-06-29

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Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom


VOL. LXXV, No. 36-S





U.S. Drops Pamphlets

Calls Grant Spread Uneven



Viet Nam

As Bombings Continue

-Associated Press
AMERICAN SOLDIERS clear wreckage from a crashed army
transport plane in Viet Nam. Two C-123's were reported downed
by Viet Cong fire in yesterday's fighting. Reports varied on the
amount of casualties. The plane above is an American Caribou
Liberal Party OK's
I Lidsa asChoiace,
era ar so
NEW YORK ( )-The Liberal Party endorsed Republican John
V. Lindsay for mayor last night, a big boost in the congressman's bid
to succeed retiring Democrat Robert F. Wagner.
By an overwhelming voice vote, delegates to the Liberal Party's
endorserhent meeting approved the non-partisan fusion administra-
tion which Lindsay has proposed.
Lindsay, in a statement from his campaign headquarters, said
he was "deeply gratified."
"The people will have the opportunity once again," Lindsay said,
"to entrust their municipal government to a non-partisan, independent

Call Leafletsr
Start of Newf
Viet Cong Attack
Three Coastal Sites,
Use Mortar BarrageE
By The Associated Press
SAIGON-The U.S. mixed psy-
chology and persuasion with itst
campaign of force against North;
Viet Nam yesterday, as US. planes;
both dropped propaganda pam-
phlets on some areas of North
Viet Nam and bombed others.
A pamphlet raid mingled with
seven bombing strikes on North
Viet Nam. Eight U.S. Air Force
planes dumped 2.5 millioncartoon
leaflets over five cities urging the
people to oppose the Communist
A U.S. spokesman said the drops
were the beginning of a major
leaflet campaign to be carried out.
"below a certain line" south of
The leaflets, with a cartoon on,
one side and text on the other,
charged that Ho Chi Minh's re-
gime is taking rice from the
people to feed its troops in South
Viet Nam.
The Viet Cong staged three at-
tacks in coastal lands northeast
of Saigon A U.S. spokesman an-
nounced these details:
Viet Cong mortar shells destroy-
ed a Vietnamese helicopter, dam-
aged two others and a U.S. Air
Force C-123 transport, and wound-
ed nine men including three
Americans at the Nha Trang Air
Base, 200 miles northeast of this
Heavy mortar fire also fell on a
South Vietnamese naval training
station, on an island four miles
from the Nha Trang Air base,
killing one sailor and wounding
18. Government troops fired a
The Nghia Hanh district head-
quarters, 40 miles south of Da
Nang, was another target. The
guerrillas killed one Vietnamese
soldier and wounded four men, in-
cluding two U.S.Army advisers.
Two U.S. Air Force B-57s sum-
moned from Da Nang bombed and
strafed the assault force and sent
it fleeing into the jungles. A
number of enemy dead were re-
ported seen from the air.

Government planners in charge
of issuing federal research grants
have been concerned lately that
disproportionate grants to geo-
graphical areas and schools with-
in these areas are causing the
"rich to get richer, the poor to get
A policy. decision on geographi-
cal distribution of grants, one of
the areas where inequities occur,
may be made soon. According to
statistics cited by Rep. Weston
Vivian (D-Ann Arbor) during tes-
timony before a senate commit-
tee, half of the states received 96.8
per cent of all federal research
and development grants, leaving
25 states splitting the other 3.2
per cent.
Government grants are big busi-
ness, involving about $15 billion
Michigan Funds Low
But, Vivian added, the nation's
east-north-central region, which
includes Michigan, along with
Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, re-
ceives much lower research and
development funds than other
areas. While the other three main
areas of the nation, the Pacific,
Mountain and New England re-
gions, received $181, $115 and $108
per capita respectively, our area
receives only $18 per capita on
federal "R and D" money, Vivian
The trouble in this type of situ-
ation arises from two basic causes.
1) When a university receives a
grant for an extensive project, it
requires complicated equipment.
Once a first grant is awarded to
the institution and the equipment
is built up, then a second giant
dealing with a similar subject
and requiring the use of the same
equipment is usually awarded to
the institution that receives the
Poor Si
The Office of Economic Oppor-
tunity, an executive agency of
President Lyndon B. Johnson's
poverty program, has granted $2
million to 16 colleges and univer-
sities to initiate a summer pro-
gram in which 2,370 high school
students will be enrolled.
The University, however, is not
participating in the program.
Garrison Ellis, public affairs of-
ficer for the OEO, said yesterday
that the program has three main
goals. "We are interested in seek-
ing out potentially excellent stu-
dents who thus far haven't had
an opportunity to show their abil-
"Secondly, we hope to discover
new teaching and testing methods
that will enable us to evaluate
and work with these students more
"Finally," Ellis said, "we hope to
expose these kids to people who


first grant. This cuts down on ex-
penses because equipment does
not have to be re-purchased.
Thus, once an institution is well
established in numerous fields of
research, it attracts more and
more grants. The entire process
is cumulative.
2) However, not only does this
attract financial resources, but
the financial resources attract the
nation's brainpower. As a result
you not only have universities
with top-grade research facilities
but also with top-grade faculties
This affects the teaching quality
of the -research-oriented univer-
sity, by making it better, and the
teaching quality of other schools
by drawing away their best men.
According to Rep. Robert B.
Duncan (D-Ore.) the awarding of
big government contracts to a lim-
ited number of universities has
strengthened faculties and im-

proved equipment of those schools,
but it has also widened the gap
between first-rate, second-rate
and third-rate universities.
This, he said, has created "pock-
ets of technological poverty and a
brain drain on some .sections of
the country."
Vivian urged that the solution
to this problem lay in making a
deliberate effort to see that those
areas of the country which were
not receiving a major portion of
research grants receive them
whenever it is possible to do so.
NSF Approach
But the problem still remains
of what to do within these areas
of the country. Institutions which
already have received the benefits
of research grants are already
well established as centers of ex-
cellence. Grants in the areas have
a tendency to accumulate in these
already established areas.
The National Science Fo.nda-
tion has already recognized this
problem, and $40 million of its
budget was set aside for purposes
of developing institutions that
are promising centers of excel-
This is a solution that Robert
Burroughs, director of thz Uni-
versity Office of Research Admin-
istration, has suggested might be
Grants are awarded on a com-
petitive, merit basis, he explained.
If the government awarded them
on any other basis it would be
underwriting mediocrity.
The best approach would then
be to take institutions out of the
competition and award grants to
them separately, Burroughs said.
This would allow them to develop
technological excellence without
sacrificing the excellence of the
general grant program, Burroughs

Asks Strong Civil
Rights Proposal
Mayor Recommends Law Identical
In Wording to State Constitution
Taking action in the wake of Circuit Court Judge James Breakey's
declaration of the constitutionality of Ann Arbor's fair housing ordi-
nance, Mayor Wendell Hulcher proposed a stronger local civil rights
law last night to the city council.
The recommended legislation would involve passing a law ident-
ical with the wording of Article 1, Section 2 of the State Constitution
which says "No person shall be denied the equal protection of the
laws; nor shall any person be denied the enjoyment of his civil or
political rights or be discriminated against in the exercise thereof
because of religion, race, color or

tudents To Benefit

national origin.".
According to Hulcher, "the pur-
poses of this proposed, separate
ordinance is to attack more broad-
ly the problem of discrimination
and to do it on a local basis."
Ann Arbor's current civil rights
law, the fair housing ordinance,
was originally declared unconsti-
but his decision was reversed by
tutional by Judge Francis O'Brien,
Judge Breakey this month.
City Councilmember Roy Cap-
paert (D) has said that the legal
controversy surrounding the "rel-
atively mild" provisions of the
fair housing ordinance had dis-
couraged the council from pass-
ing stronger bills. Cappaert has
indicated that he also wanted to
recommend a new civil rights law
for Ann Arbor.
The present fair housing ordi-
nance bans discrimination in
apartment dwellings whose own-
ers have at least five such prop-
erties. Cappaert has pointed out
that there is a need for laws cov-
ering the housing categories not
covered by this rule.
Future Procedure
If the law is eventually adopted
in its recommended form, Hulch-
er said "an aggrieved person can
have two alterantive means to
attain relief:
-By going to the Michigan
Civil Rights Commission under
state constitutional provision. This
type of relief is available cur-
rently and has been since the
commission began functioning;
-By going to the local courts
and the city attorney under the
proposed new law.
Breakey's ruling on June 19,
over-ruling Kelley's opinion, had
caused widespread c o m m e n t
among people interested in rights
Kelley had previously said that
power in matters concerning civil
rights in housing is lodged in the
state's Civil Rights Commission.
Fair housing was ont a local con-
cern, Kelley explained.
However, Breakey, in his opin-
ion said, "the mere fact that the
state has made certain regulations
does not prohibit municipalities
from enacting additional require-
ments. As long as there is no con-
flict between the two, then both
will stand."
City-State Variance
"The only difference between
the city ordinance and the state
statute," Breakey explained, "is
that the ordinance goes further in
its probitions.
"Thus," Breakey concluded, "the
local housing ordinance is legal
for it in no way attempts to
authorize what the legislature has
forbidden, or forbids what the
legislature has authorized. There
is nothing between the provisions
of the state statute and the local
ordinance which might prevent
their e f f e c t i v e co-existence,"
Breakey concluded.


administration that can bring
new hope, new confidence 'and a
new start to our city.'
No Comment
None of the leading Democratic
contenders could be reached im-
mediately for comment.
The Liberals had endorsed Wag-
ner, who announced last month
he would not seek reelection to a
fourth term. A half dozen Demo-
crats have entered the race, with
the party's candidate probably to
be selected in the Sept. 14 pri-
Lindsay, 43, did not support
GOP presidential candidate Barry
Goldwater last year, but won re-
election to Congress.
Breaks Tradition
The Liberal Party, which split
from the left-leaning American
Labor Party in 1944, has not en-
dorsed a Republican for mayor
since 1949. The last Republican
mayor was Fiorello La Guardia,
who did it on a "fusion" slate with
other parties, holding office from
1934 to 1945.
Lindsay openly sought Liberal
and Democratic backing for may-
or, and announced he planned a
"non-partisan" administration.
Last week Williarm F. Buckley
Jr., editor of the National Review
and a Goldwater supporter, an-
nounced he would run for mayor
on the Conservative ticket be-
cause Lindsay was not running as
a Republican.

Degree Recipients
Set New Record
The nation has gained a record
number of new degree holders this
year. Six per cent moie degrees
were awarded this year than last,
according to preliminary estimates
4 by the United States Office of
In 1963-64 a total of 614,194 de-
grees were earned compared with
some 651,300 this year, the report

Stock Market Hits Lowest.
Point Since Kennedy Death
NEW YORK (UP)-Stock prices hit new lows for the year yester-
day in the steepest plunge since President Kennedy was assassinated
in November 1963. Trading was heavy.
At the close, when prices were at their lowest of the day, the
New York Stock Exchange's new highspeed ticker was three minutes
behind floor transactions.
The Dow Jones Average of 30 industrial stocks plummeted 13 77
to 840.59. The Associated Press 60-stock average was off 4.8 at 308
and the Standard and Poor's 500-stock index dropped 1.46 at 81.60.
The Dow Jones industrial average has now lost close to 100
points since dropping from its all-f

care, and to develop transitional
programs which will keep the stu-
dent interested in school, and,
hopefully, break the family pover-
ty cycle."
Under the grant, youths from
14 to 20 years old will be taken
from disadvantaged areas to par-
ticipate in the program. Members
of minority groups, and students
poor in material and intellectual
background will be included.
The grant will be used in many
ways differing with the college's
individual program, Ellis explain-
ed. Columbia University, one of
the participating schools, will al-
low undergraduates to participate
in teaching 160 youths at the
ninth grade level.
Their achievement on tests tak-
en at the end of the summer will
be measured against those of a
control group which had no tu-
toring. }


Ellis emphasized the follow-up
stages in the program. "We would
like to keep these students inter-
ested in education. Plans call for
refresher courses during the year,
and participation by many public
and private high schools and col-
leges," he explained.
Ellis termed the program a
"demonstration grant." He con-
cluded, "It is a very new idea, and
the program is purely exploratory,
but if it shows promise in helping
to alleviate poverty, it will cer-
tainly be continued."
The OEE is under the director-
ship of R. Sargent Shriver.
Other participating schools in-
clude the University of Oregon,
Western Washington State Col-
lege, New Mexico Highlands Col-
lege, Fisk Institute, Dillard College
and Texas Southern University.
Ripon College and Tuskegee In-
stitute are also in the program.

GOP Groups
WASHINGTON (P)-Republican
National Chairman Ray Bliss yes-
terday blasted "the creation of
separate organizations which soli-
cit funds from Republicans,
whether these organizations be
liberal, moderate or conservative."
Bliss, speaking at a meeting of
the Republican National Commit-
tee here, did not mention the Free
Society Association, created by
Barry Goldwater, 1964 GOP can-
didate for the presidency.
Bliss previously has said that the
Goldwater organization would be
harmful to party unity.
Institute Reform
Bliss addressed the committee
just before former President
Dwight D. Eisenhower who asked
the committee to institute reforms
in their national presidential nom-
inating conventions.
Eisenhower asked that a per=.
manent chairman be given dic-
tatorial powers.
He also suggested the number
of delegates be reduced and said
all newsmen should be barred
from the floor.
The former President told the
committee that the quadriennial
conventions now beamed to the
world by television portray a pic-
ture of "confusion, noise, impossi-
ble deportment and the ignoring
of subjects under discussion from
the platform."
Eisenhower said he thought a
"s t r o n g permanent chairman
should be selected and given dic-
tatorial powers" over the conduct
of the nominating sessions.
This, he said, should be en-
forced by sergeants at arms, pick-
ed from among non-commissioned
officers in the military forces, or
Only convention delegates
should be allowed on the floor,
with the alternates gaining ad-
mission only when called upon to
vote in the absence of their prin-
cipals. There should be phone.
booths in every state delegation's
area so that theconvention chair-
man could control what was go-
ing on, he said.
"All publicity media should be
excluded from the floor," he said.
"We don't want them running
around interviewing people when
matters are being discussed on
the platform.
Limit Delegates
There are too many delegates,
the former President complained.
He said the number from each
state should be limited to double
the number of electoral votes for
that state.
Eisenhower said demonstrations
ought to be limited drastically.

This free issue of The Daily is mainly intended for new
students arriving on campus for the first time and for stu-
dents returning after half a summer's vacation. The news
pages-one and three-center on current news, but most of
the inside pages focus on the big events that have happened
since commencement which will affect the University.
The big stories of the summer so far:
University raises residence halls fee by $50 ....,.Page 5
New student-faculty discount bookstore announced
for fall...............................Page 9
... .... .. *
Complex budget struggles affect 'U' budget . .. . Page 10
4. ' $

time high May 14.
The sell-off hit hard at the
blue chips, some of which were
off $2 a share or more.
As prices were hammered down,
volume grew heavier. It totaled
7.66 million shares, compared with
Friday's 5.8 million.
Brokers could find little in the
news to explain the plunge. One
noted that the Dow chartists, who
study the up-and-down cycles,
noted a "bear signal" on their
charts. A bear market is one that
moves lower.
The market started the day
mixed to slightly higher, but went
into a nosedive at midday. It was
the fourth straight losing session
Not a single stock recorded a
new 1965 high during the session
and 424 hit new lows. Of 1,398
issues traded, only 104 advanced.
The big three motor stocks were
th ,,,c+ Active. Only Xerox of the

The Daily--An American Institution

Three score and fifteen years ago, our founders brought forth
at this University a' new newspaper conceived in newsprint and
dedicated to the proposition that the students are just as good as the
teachers. Now we are engaged in a great personnel drive testing
whether that newspaper, or any similar rag so printed and distributed
can keep its circulation up. We are met in the anchor of that news-
paper. We have come here to hash things out and to decide whether
you will dedicate your academic life to The Daily, whether this will
be your final resting place once the 2 a.m. deadline rolls around. Is
it altogether fitting and proper that we should do this? No.
But, in a larger sense, we cannot write this newspaper single-
handedly. Yes, the brave students, iving and dead, who struggled
here with cranky linotypists and impossible deadlines, used both
hands. Only the poor power of new staff can add to The Daily's
reputation, if indeed it is humanly possible to add to such a reputation
The administrators will little note nor long remember what we
0017 harp h 1 ,* +b wil naj11 frovri- t h.f: w, (9n herNo nmatter how.

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