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June 18, 1965 - Image 3

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Michigan Daily, 1965-06-18

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M-MAY. JUNE 18, 1965




Johnson Hits Recent
Latin Pact Violations
WASHINGTON (IP) - President Lyndon B. Johnson yesterday
accused "elements" in Santo Domingo of having deliberately and
flagrantly violated the ceasefire by attacking the inter-American
force. He pledged continued restraint by United States troops despite
their 200 casualties so far,
The casualty total includes 27 men killed, the others wounded.
"These unprovoked attacks on the inter-American force," John-
son told a news conference, "appear to have been premeditated by
elements which seek to prevent the establishment of peace in Santo
The State Department said Col. Francisco Caamano Deno, the
rebel leader, was incorrect when'he charged that U.S. armed forces
committed genocide in firing on
rebel forces Tuesday.

U.S. Foreign Aid: Where To Next?

Caamano had said U.S. troops
opened fire first on Tuesday,
touching off a 12-hour battle in
which he said 67 Dominicans were
killed and 265 wounded.
Robert J. McCloskey, State De-
partment press officer, was asked
about the charges. He said Brazil-
ian Gen. Hugo Panasco Alvim,
commander of the inter-American
force, reported that "the first fire
from the Caamano forces was in-
itiated at 7:30 a.m. More than
1,000 rounds of small arms fire
and a few mortar shells were re-
ceived before the inter-American
forces returned the fire."
Caamano had also charged that
a Red Cross center in Ozama for-
tress was "grotesquely bombed"
and seven women and 11 children
were killed. The fortress is on the
west bank of the Ozama River,
facing U.S. positions on the east
Newsmen visited the fortress.
A rebel official at the fortress said
severe gunfire was directed at
them, but there were no mortars
or higher explosives.
He said he did not know of a
Red Cross refuge for women or
children in the fortress.
Meanwhile, a U.S. military
spokesman in Santo Domingo said
the number of 82nd airborne par-
atroopers in the Dominican Re-
piblic now stands at 7,045. He
said the total U.S. force is 12,100,
including some 5,000 soldiers in
Army supportunits. All U.S.
Marinaes have been withdrawn.

Barry Goldwater

Goldwater To Head
Conservative Group
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Barry Goldwater announced yesterday the foun-
dation of a new conservative association, the Free Society Assoscia-
tion, a group which he said would be more academic than political.
But the defeated Republican presidential nominee said the re-
search and writings of the new-born FSA should convince conserva-
tives their place is with the Republican Party.
Goldwater, who announced he will serve as honorary chairman,
explained, "We are not a third party. I will not be a part of a third
party, now or ever.
"It's more of an academic group, than anything else," Goldwater
said. "We will not back candidates, raise money for candidates or par-
ticipate in campaigns." Instead, he said, the society will seek to edu-
cate Americans about conservatism, through research, publications
and eventually television and radiio broadcasts.
Goldwater said the society is out to recruit Democrats, independ-
ents and anybody else who wants to help teach the tenets of conserva-
"We have purposely stayed away from political types as much as
we can," Goldwater said. He said the society's door is open to mem-
bers of the John Birch Society and, for that matter, to the liberal
Americans for Democratic Action, and added that he hopes the so-
ciety's leadership will include Negroes, too.
Memberships in the society will range from $5 to $1000.

Associated Press News Analyst
WASHINGTON-Some senators
and representatives will now knock
their heads together over foreign
aid, but out of this may come
something more imaginative and
practical than this country has
seen in years.
Except for its part in World
War I, and some spurts after-
wards, this country stuck to itsI
ancient isolationism until, for
sheer survival, early in 1941 it
began helping the foes of Fascism
with lend-lease.
This truly got it involved in
World War II and before the year
was out the United States was all
the way in,
President Harry S. Truman
ended lend-lease right after the
war but this may have been a
mistake. It deprived Europe and
Asia of much-needed help when
nations there were flat on their
The United States extended
various kinds of help but in 1948
set forth on a worldwide program
of help. Altogether since the war
this country has handed out over
$100 billion in foreign economic
and military aid.
This blood transfusion, plus
American military might, prob-
ably stopped the march of Com-
munism, to which chaos and pov-
erty are a "come on in" sign. But
as the yeary passed there was
growing American discontent,
about this aid.
Viet Nam
It wasn't always successful, as
Viet Nam shows.
Starting there more than 15
years ago, when the French were
fighting the Vietnamese Com-
munists, this country has put
about $5 billion in economic and
military aid into the country. And
the result isn't pretty. The guer-
rillas and Communists there are
stronger than ever.
Out of all this foreign aid, un-
matched in the history of the
world, the United States threw off
its isolation and at once became
the leader of the non-Communist
part of the earth.
But-the United States is a
newcomer on the international
scene with perhaps no more thanI
25 years of experience in deep in-
volvement with countries every-
In short, it still has a lot to
learn when compared with the
British and French who were up
to their international necks for
So, because it is just a beginner
with no more than a quarter of
a century in distributing aid, it
would seem time for a good, stiff
look on how-it has been doing and

Before that can happen the
House will have to agree to the
Senate idea. It may not. The two
houses have some other differences
which they must compromise be-
fore the foreign aid bill gets
final approval.
One thing which seems neces-
sary, even if the commission pro-
posal is abandoned, is more cer-
tainty that U.S. aid will be spread
among the people of backward
countries to improve their lives
and give them a reason for being
non-Communist rather than the
other way around.
If the United States had taken
a lot tougher policy with its aid
to Viet Nam-insisting long ago
upon broad programs of help to
the masses of Vietnamese villagers
whose life expectancies are only
half that of Americans - the
Communists might not have made
the progress in Viet Nam they
Sooner or later the foreign aid
program is going to have to be re-
examined. A number of senators
feel that way, particularly the
chairman of the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee, J. W. Ful'-
bright, an Arkansas Democrat.
For instance, several months ago
he said "where we have given the
most aid, we have inspired the
most antagonism." He named
France as one example and Egypt
as another.
In an effort to reform the for-
eign aid program, Fulbright has
proposed that funds for foreign
aid be divided into military and
non-military uses. He gained little
support for this proposal.

-Associated Press
IF U.S. FOREIGN AID had been aimed more toward children
like these, an Associated Press analyst claims, the Communists
would not have the kind of hold they do in South Viet Nam. The
analyst foresees an abrupt and long-range change in present
foreign aid policy.

where it is going in this field.
The Senate thinks so. When it
passed the Foreign Aid Authoriza-
tion Bill this week it proposed
ending the program in its present
form in two years, with a 16-
member special commission creat-
ed to investigate the program and

make recommendations on future
This is a combination of self-
examination and inventory. But
the House, which passed its own
version of the foreign aid bill
earlier, didn't go for the soul-
searching the Senate suggests.


World News Roundup

Russia To Push Coexistence

Associated Press Staff Writer
MOSCOW-The Soviet Union
unveiled yesterday a peaceful co-
existence program it intends to
push at next month's world peace
congress in Helsinki.
Virtually every point was deem-
ed certain to provoke clamorous
objections from the Chinese Com-
The Soviet debating position for
the Helsinki meeting was set forth
at a prepapatory meeting in Mos-
cow by Nikolai Tikhonov, chair-
man of the Soviet Peace Commit-
Tikhonov made it clear that the
demnations of United States ac-



School Time
TIME yp uq na
University Typewriter CenterI

tion in Viet Nam, the Dominican
Republic and the Congo. The
Soviets would press for stiff con-
Chinese are expected to demand
that these resolutions be as tough
as possible.
But the representatives of the
two major Comminist powers are
expected to squabble bitterly over
the rest of the Soviet program.
Tikhonov covered his flanks
against Chinese attack by em-
phasizing that the U.S. was mis-
interpreting peaceful coexistence
as applicable only to U.S.-Soviet
Khrushchev Formula
He also repeated the formula
worked out by former Premier
Nikita Khrushchev in 1960-that
wars of national liberationwere
inevitable, even in a state of
peaceful coexistence.
Under pressure from the Chi-
nese, Khrushchev at that time rec-
ognized a Soviet obligation to
aid national liberation struggles.
But he deliberately left the con-
ditions of such aid unspecified.
Observers said Tikhonov's recap
of the Soviet stand was strikingly
similar to Khrushchev's.
There was some surprise that,
despite the tensions of the Viet
Nam crisis, the Soviet position
formulated in a period of less
strained East-West relations re-
mained virtually intact.
Soviet Position
Tikhonov's carefully phrased
summary of the Soviet position
included these points of Moscow-
Peking friction:
-Peaceful coexistence: "This is
a universal principle,' Tikhonov
said. "It should be applied to re-
lations among all states." The
Chinese insist that there can be
no peaceful coexistence with "im-
Negotiations of international
disputes: Peking has accused the

Russians of seeking to negotiate
when they should be fighting or
helping others to fight.
--Avoidance of nuclear war: The
Russians say nuclear war "would
bring unprecedented sacrifices
and destruction." The Chinese
object, fearing this view might put
a damper on revolutionary mili-
-Strengthening the United Na-
tions: The Chinese have lately
shown less interest in joining the

......'....,:.::...................aE.,.:::............":: :. .:.::.v:.:.:............... .

By The Associated Press
tion of technical and weather
problems yesterday forced a post-
ponement of an attempt to launch
the Titan 3C, the most powerful
rocket ever assembled, on its
maiden test flight.
* * *
passed yesterday a bill to create
a Department of Housing and
Urban Development, to give the
nation's cities a place in the
President's cabinet.
The legislation-a pet project of
President Lyndon B. Johnson and
before him of President John F.
Kennedy-now goes on to the
has passed a bill which would re-
quire health warnings on cigarette
packages. Under the measure ap-
proved late Wednesday 72 to 5
and sent on to the House, cigar-

ette packages would have to carry
this warning:
"CAUTION: Cigarette Smoking
May Be Hazardous To Your
The bill carries a three-year
moratorium against requiring such
a statement in' cigarette adver-
NEW YORK-The stock market
advance rolled on through its
third straight session yesterday.
After a sluggish, start, prices rose
strongly until the last half hour
of trading, when profit takers
stepped in.
The Dow Jones average of 30
industrial rose 4.99 points to
883.06. Of 1,347 issues traded,
745 advanced and 332 declined.
hurried to President Lyndon B.
Johnson Wednesday a bill increas-
ing the temporary national debt
ceiling to a new high of $328
Secretary of the Treasury Henry
H. Fowler told the Senate Finance
Committee the increase was es-
sential to cover the nation's ob-
ligations in the year ahead.
* * *
NEW YORK-Five military car-
go vessels were tied up yesterday

in a widening maritime strike o
above and below-deck ships of
ficers. However, none of thei
10,000 tons of supplies were des
tined for American troops in Vie
Nam or the Dominican Republic
Themilitary cargo freighter
were among more than 20 strand
ed along the East and Gulf coast
in the second day of a strike b
the engineers.


The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
ial responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TVPi;WRIT TlN form to
Room 3564 Administration Bldg. be-
fore 2 p.m. of the eay preceding
publication, and by 2 p.m. Friday
for Saturday and Sunday. General
Notices may be published a maxi-
mum of two times on request; Day
Calendar Items appear once only.
Student organi ation notices are not
accepted fr pubilcation.
Day Calendar
Bureau of Industrial Relations Per-
sonnel Techniques Seminar-Lee E.
Danielson, professor of industrial rela-
tions, "How To Use Psychological Tests
in Selection". Michigan Union, 8 a.m.
Workshop on Community Action to
Promote the Oral Health of the Chron-
ically 111, Handicapped and the Aged-
School of Public Health, 9 a.m.
Cinema Guild-"Comedy Classics":
Architecture Aud., 7 and 9 p.m.
Astronomical Colloquium: Fri., June
18, 4 p.m., Room 807, Physics-Astronomy
Bldg. Dr. J. M. Matville, Dept. of As-
tronomy, "Observations of the Solar

. I

Eclipse of May 44, 1965, from the So- Plains, N.Y.-Sales Repres. & Person-
ciety Islands." nel Mgmt. Trainees. Recent grads, BA
or MA, no exper. req. For sales, strong
Doctoral Examination for George interest in selling products to super-
Lund Withbroe, Astronomy; thesis: "An markets, etc. required.
Analysis of CH in the Solar Atmos- State Home & Training School, Mt.
phere," Fri., June. 18, 817 Physics- Pleasant, Mich.-Immed. openings for
Astronomy Bldg.. 9 a.m. Occupational Therapist and Physical
Therapists or Aides.
General Notices Nuclear Materials & Equipment Corp.,
French and German Screening Exami- Lewiston, N.Y.-Administrator for bor-
nations: The screening examinations in on plant supplying material for U.S.
French and German for Doctoral candi- nuclear program. Cost Acetg. plus some
dates will be administered on Sat June chem. & law, Indust. engrg. or mgmt.
26 from 9-11 a.m. in Aud. B, Angell 1 yr. exper. in gov't. purchasing & 1 yr.
Hall. Doctoral candidates must pass the budget work.
screening examination before taking theI City of Rockford, Ill.-Exec. Director
written test in French or German, un- for housing authority. Degree in Plan-
less they have received B or better in ning, Urban Renewal, Geog., Soc., Pub-
French, 111 or German 111. Those who lic Admin. or rel. plus 5 yrs. public
fail the examination may take it again admin. exper.
when the test is administered in July. Kordite Corp., Macedon, N.Y.-Senior
Candidates are asked to bring their Dev, Engr., BS Engrg. Bkgd. in plas-
own No. 2 pencils. tics & packaginghelpful nExamples
_________of development accomplishments req.
State of Washington-1. Aquatic &
Placem ent Game Biologist. BS in fish. or game
mgmt., biol., microbiol. or rel. 2. Ju-
POSITION OPENINGS: venile Rehab. Ass't. Super. Degree in
General Foods, Post Div., White soc sci maepu st2 yus.e rofye.
exper. 3. Mental Health Research Aide.
BS in med. or lab sciences, soc. sci., or
GD('ANdI7ATIOnKI related.

(4 II

DIAL 8-6416


1 -



613 E. William St 665-3763



You'll finally be able to afford to, if you get
a Honda.
Trade in your gas-eater for a thrifty Honda
50. Up to 200 miles per gallon, and at least
that'many laughs. Maybe more.
Hondas are just the ticket for campus traffic
and campus parking, and you'll notice a big
difference in your pocketbook, too. It'll
bulge for a change.
And so will your date book.

1 1
1 1
This is another ;
1 ,
1 ,
on the program:
j BUSY BODIES - Laurel and Hardy
THE SODA JERK - Buster Keaton
A DOG-GONE MIXUP - Harry Langdon

Use of This Column for Announce-
inents is available to officially recog-
nized and registered student organiza-
tions only. Forms are available in Room
1011 SAB.
S* *
Folk Dance Club ,Folk dance with in-
struction, Fri., June 18, 8-il pmm.,
Women's Athletic Bldg.
Graduate Outing Club, Swimming
and/or hiking, June 20, 1:30 p.m.,
Rackham, Huron St. entrance.

For further information, please call
764-7460, General Div., Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3200 SAB.



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