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June 15, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1965-06-15

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Special To The Daily


First of Two Articles
KEWADIN-Students for a Democratic Society, the major or-
ganization of the nation's radical "new left," will complete a week-
long convention today with discussion and plans for its foreign
policy actiols, organizational emphases, university reform pro-
grams and internal operation.
SDS envisions itself as a community of young people of the
democratic ,left, disaffected with the values and structures of the
existing society and dedicated to building a social movement that
will establish "a democratic society where at all levels the people
have control of the decisions which affect them and the resources
on which they are dependent. It seeks a relevance through the
continued focus on realities and on the programs necessary to
effect change at the most basic levels of economic, political and
.social organization."
Among the possibilities considered over the past three days
by the body of approximately 250 students at the gathering in
violating a 1917 federal espionage statute in order to focus atten-
tion on growing opposition to the United States' involvement in
Viet Nam. The act prohibits advocating that members of the

armed forces desert the army or refuse to enter into battle for the
The major proposal for violating this law involves leafletting
a number of military bases by a large group, with sufficient pub-
licity to force the government into prosecuting the violators under
the law. SDS would base its defense on the U.S.'s case in the
World War II Nuremberg trials-that individuals have a right and
an obligation to disobey the state when a higher morality tells
them the state is committing heinous acts.
Debate over the proposed actions centered on whether the
government would be able to avoid prosecuting the violators under
the law, thus denying SDS the opportunity to stage a political trial
in which the issues of the war in Viet Nam could be raised; wheth-
er the negative publicity of the trial and the violation itself would
outweigh the action's potential for mobilizing mass opposition
to the war among poor, middle class and intellectuals; and whether
a governmental crackdown could destroy the organization.
SDS's national council will decide whether to commence plan-
ning such an action or to table the proposal.
Poor or Middle Class?
The national council will also debate the broad political strate-
gy of the organization. An intense, discussion at Saturday night's
opening plenary session-where major questions are investigated

and recommendations or indications of sentiment passed on to the
national council-considered two basic alternatives:
1) Continued organizing among the poor but with an addi-
tional attempt to reach middle class professionals and white collar
workers on issues relating to the poor. Currently, SDS's major
undertaking is its Economic Research and Action Project, involv-
ing over 200 students living in about 10 northern slum ghettoes.
ERAP is trying to catalyze the dispossessed poor into a self-con-
scious and potent political force to assert their right to control their
own destiny.
The notion developed by Tom Hayden, past SDS president and
currently an organizer in Newark, N.J., was that only if the poor,
thrust themselves upon the social system forcibly will the whole so-
ciety's ignorance about their condition be overcome and the power
structure which oppresses the poor be shaken up.
The purpose of organizing among the middle class would be to
involve them in this movement, to project the relevance to the mid-
dle class of how the system treats the poor and to spread to the
middle class the radical democratic principles which inform SDS's
approach to the poor.
Meaningful Work
2) A more limited focus in organizing among the middle class,
with primary focus upon issues more specific to their condition: job

insecurity with the advance of automation, foreign policy and its
relation to civil liberties at home, alienation from meaningless
work, the pursuit of structural and value changes in the society to
enlarge opportunities for self-fulfiliment and the complicity of
middle class action or inaction within the power structure in the
condition of the poor.
A representative of the League for Industrial Democracy, SDS's
more moderate parent group, accused Hayden of leading SDS into a
destructive, militant and isolated position by painting the major-
ity of social legislation in America as inimical to democratic and
progressive principles and by depicting the power structure as quasi-
fascist. A representative of the Committee for Nuclear Disarma-
ment from England stressed that SDS would eventually have to face
more squarely than it does the question of economic ownership in
the society. And one of the major speakers of the evening decried the
tendency of ERAP organizers to oppress the poor with their empha-
sis on organization and radical stances in the same way that the
dominant powers in America oppress them.
By the end of the evening, however, the plenary seemed to have
reached a fair degree of consensus around Hayden's conception of
political strategy.
TOMORROW: Major thrusts of the SDS program on university
reform, educati9n and foreign policy.

See Editorial Page



:4hit ii

Morning clouds,
fair in the evening

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom


House May
Restore 'U
Funds Today
Special To The Daily
LANSING-The University last
night seemed well on its way to
winning a full restoration of the
$6.3 million slash in its appro-
priation made by the House Ways
and Means Committee last Fri-
University Vice-Presidents Mar-
vin Niehuss and Richard Cutler
traveled toLansing yesterday and
were reportedly assured by House
Speaker Joseph Kowalski (D-De-
troit) and his administrative as-
sistant, Gerald Faye, that the $6.3
million will be restored today.
The House will meet as a com-
mittee of the whole today and'
plans to reach an unofficial de-
cision which should be confirmed
in a vote tomorrow or Thursday.
The final vote cannot be taken
today unless rules are suspended.
To Restore Cutback
House plans to restore the budg-
et cutback were confirmed by Rep.
Charles Grey (D-Ypsilanti) who
proposed the Ways and Means
Committee slash as an attempt
to "dramatize how arbitrary and
unjust" recent Senate Appropria-
tions Committee actions have been
and "to put us in an effective
bargaining position with the Sen-
He charged Appropriations Com-
mittee Chairman Garland Lane
(D-Flint) with scuttling propos-
als for a new mental health pro-
gram and an administrative pay
raise because "he feels we should
% not have tax reform.
Lane, however, retorted that
"the only bill they wanted that
didn't get out of my committee in
some form was the mental health
bill which I was committed to op-
pose"-although he conceded that
substantial changes were made in
S other bills.
Grey declared that Friday's
strategy had partially served its
purpose, noting that the Appro-
priations Committee has since
passed several bills "which we
thought were doomed."
Ironically, two of the five bills
' passed by Lane's committee after
the House action were important
to educators: a $500,000 college
and university scholarship fund
and a $200,000 outlay for a joint
University-Wayne State Universi-
ty gerontology department.
"We've cut appropriations for
vital needs year after year," Grey
added, "and no one's done any-
thing about it. But this year we
did something about it, and it
However, Sen. Gilbert Bursley
(R-Ann Arbor) said that Lane
has not had to concede any ma-
jor points because the House ma-
neuver has not gone over well with
the public.
Rep. Marvin Esch (R-Ann Ar-
bor) joined Bursley in denounc-
ing the Ways and Means Commit-
tee cutback, calling it "unfortu-
nate and irresponsible," and a
high House source labeled the ma-
neuver "rash and extremely seri-
Three Lessons
The source said that three les-
sons had emerged from the House-
Senate feud:
-"The Senate Appropriations

Bundy To Debate on CBS
With Academic Critics
Final arrangements for a televised debate between McGeorge
Bundy and members of the academic community were announced
yesterday by Prof. Arnold Kaufman of the philosophy department,
a spokesman for the Inter-University Committee for a Debate on
Foreign Policy, said.
The debate, scheduled for 10 p.m. Monday, June 21, on CBS,
was requested by the Inter-University Committee for a Public

Senate Passes
Bill To Revise
Foreign Aid
WASHINGTON (M)--The Senate
passed last night a two-year,
$3,243,170,000 a year foreign aid
bill designed to force a drastical-
ly revised program for the future.
The vote was 68 to 20.
Passage came after the Senate
rejected a series of attempts by
Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore) for
country-by-country reductions. He
had won a surprise $200 million
slash last week for each of the
next two fiscal years but failed to
pare the total to an even $3 bil-
The measure would end the
foreign aid program in its present
form at the end of the two years
starting next month. And it
would create a 16-member plan-
ning commission to make recom-
mendations to President Lyndon
B. Johnson for submission to
Congress of a modernized, re-
vamped program for the fiscal
year starting July 1, 1967. Under
this aid would be limited to 50
House Bill
Senate passage sends the bill
back to the House which on May
25 passed a $3.37 billion measure
limited to the traditional one-
year and without any provision
for overhauling the program.
The House rejected the two-
year authorization approach. So
when the measure goes to a. Sen-
ate-House conference committee
to iron out the differences in the
two versions, that and other pro-
visions of the Senate bill may en-
counter stiff opposition.
The planning commission, on,
which Congress would have a
majority voice, would be made up
of: four Senate Foreign Relations
Committee members, four from
the House Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee, two each from ┬ženate and
House Agriculture Committees,
and four presidential appointees.
While the Senate cut $200 mil-
lion from the measure, it included
in the authorizations $89 million
Johnson requested to initiate a
vast economic and social develop-
ment program for South Viet
Nam, Laos and Thailand. The
House is expected to agree with
But the bill carries a far-reach-
ing amendment by Sen. J. W. Ful-
bright (D-Ark) designed to give
the Organization of American
States an important new role in
channeling $55 million of military
assistance to Latin America.
Fu.bright's Amendment
Fulbright's amendment, which
Johnson did not request, and
which was not included in the
House bill, authorizes the use of
$25 million of arms aid to help

Hearing on Viet Nam when Bun-
dy did not appear at the na-
tional teach-in on May 15 in
Washington. Bundy was unable1
to attend because he went on a
special mission to the Domini-
can Republic.
The Inter-University Commit-
tee for a Debate on Foreign Pol-
icy stated that the participants
on the critical panel would be:
Hans J. Morgenthau (University
of Chicago), an expert in foreign
relations; O. Edmund Clubb, Sr.
(Columbia), the last consul gen-
eral in China and an expert on
Viet Nam, and John Donahue_
(Michigan State University), an
anthropologist who did field work
in a Viet Cong-held village.
Supporting the present policy
will be McGeorge Bundy, special
assistant to the President for se-
curity affairs; Zbigniew Brzezin-
sky (Columbia University), and a
third panelist still to be chosen
by Bundy. The moderator will be
Eric Sevareid.
The debate will cover issues
such as the nature of the war,
the domino theory, the moral and
legal basis of the war, the role of
China, alternatives, etc. Though
programming considerations pro-
hibited release of the details of
the format, Prof. Kaufman said
that it was to be a debate of
approximately, one hour, and that
the participants and the modera-
tor would partly determine the
The determination of the stu-
dio audience, a final topic outline,
and confirmation of the possibility
that the debate will be telecast
over the Early Bird satellite were
all still lacking, but Prof. Kauf-
man thought the arrangernent
was very reasonable and "the best
we could have gotten."
He also said that Bundy rais-
ed no questions about the format
Dr the list of speakers proposed by
the committee. In addition, Prof.
Kaufman indicated that many of
the decisions were made by CBS.

Rights Case
Hearings began in Detroit yes-
terday before the Civil Rights
Commission on the alleged refusal
of a Detroit land development
company to rent apartments in
Ann Arbor to Negroes.
Carl Levin of the state attorney
general's office claimed that the
state would be able to show that
the Cutler-Hubble Co. denied to
Negroes apartments which were
advertised for rent.
Specifically,Cutler -dHubble
which owns the Arbordale and
Parkhurst Apartments, is accused
of denying Bunyan Bryant, a
Negro, an opportunity to lease or
sublease one of the Parkhurst
Apartment Available
Levin said that after a series
of newspaper advertisements a
white person applied for an apart-
ment on March 6, 1964, and was
told there was an apartment
On the same day Bryant applied
and was told none was available.
In related complaints, three
former residents of the Parkhurst
Apartments, Mr. and Mrs. L. Dan-
iel Grey and Allai H. Jones have
charged that Cutler-Hubble re-
fused to renew their leases after
they supported picketers protest-
ing the company's alleged dis-
criminatory policy.
Denied Lease
Another Negro, Frank Gallo-
way, has charged that on June 19
he was told there were no apart-
ments available while those who
held leases claimed apartments
were available.
Levin a s k e d the CRC to
order the company to desist from
discriminatory rental practices, to
offer 'the plaintiffs the next apart-
ment available, and make any
other necessary relief which would
be appropriate.
The case against Cutler-Hubble
Co. is based on the testimony of
Miss Virginia Schmidt, a former
Parkhurst apartment tenant, Miss
Schmidt attempted to sublet her
apartment to Bunyan Bryant.
Miss Schmidt, a graduate stu-
dent at the University, said she
had attempted to sublet the apart-
ment to Bryant in February of
1964, but was told the company
would not allow it.
A decision by the CRC is ex-
pected in one or two weeks.

I A1 0 A-1

1 '

War Leaves I Student Group To Hold
Destruction Teach-in at Union Steps


Boimb Raids Strike
Barracks in North
SAIGON (P)-American bomb-
ers destroyed the Yen Phu mili-
tary barracks 115 miles south of
Hanoi yesterday as more than 100
U.S. and Vietnamese warplanes
attacked North Vietnamese tar-
gets all through the day.
On the ground, Vietnamese
rangers found the grim remains
of a Viet Cong attack on a mili-
tary unit and civilians at a French
rubber plantation near Dong
Xoai. Approximately 250 men
from a Vietnamese battalion were
killed, wounded or captured in the
600 Dead
About 600 Vietnamese now are
reported dead or missing in fight-
ing around Dong Xoai since the
initial Viet Cong attack last
Meanwhile. North Viet Nam
said yesterday it unreservedly
supports a Viet Cong statement
calling for foreign volunteers to
fight, when necessary, alongside
them against U.S. troops in South
Viet Nam.
The North Vietnamese foreign
ministry statement commented on
the recent U.S. government an-
nouncement that the U.S. mili-
tary command in South Viet Nam
is authorized to, send American
troops into combat alongside
S o u t h Vietnamese government
forces when the South Vietna-
mese request them.
Hanoi Broadcast
Text of the Hanoi statement
was broadcast by radio Hanoi and
monitored in Tokyo.
"The Johnson administration
took an extremely serious decision
that is to openly use troops in
combat operations in South Viet
Nam," the broadcast said.

Thieu Leads Power


U.S. Bombers Hit Army Camp

The Ad Hoc Committee on Viet Nam will hold.a teach-in on the
steps of the Michigan Union, or as near as possible, at noon today.
The teach-in is being held for two reasons. According to Richard
Shortt, '66, chairman of Voice Political party, a need is felt by many
students to present another face of the United States-the ugly
one. While the* space flight was a tremendous success, there are U.S.
activities which are not so successful, such as the war in Viet Nam

and the intervention in the Do-
minican Republic, Shortt said.
Students feel that this face should
not be forgotten amidst the fes-
tivities of the day, he remarked.
Second Reason
The second reason is that stu-
dents feel that the presence of
representatives of the mass media
in Ann Arbor will gain publicity
for the protest against the cur-
rent foreign policy according to
The decision to held the teach-
in was reached at a meeting last
night after lengthy debate over
whether or not to picket the sta-
dium convocation also.
It was decided at the meeting
that such action would defeat theI
purpose of the demonstration by
antagonizing those attending the
This was decided despite feeling{
by others that students had a
moral commitment to demonstrate
despite the festive mood of the
day. Some felt that the success of
the Gemini flight was overshad-
owing other more grave actions of
the U.S.
Students worked far into the
night preparing press releases,'
making posters and leaflets, and
planning the teach-in today. 1
Members of the ad hoc commit-
tee intend to pass out leaflets and
carry posters advertising the
teach-in at the morning convoca-
tion honoring the two astronauts.
for their achievements.
Speakers include Prof. William
Livant of the psychology depart-
ment, Alan Haber, former presi-
dent of Students for a Democratic
Society who is presently working
for the Institute of Labor and In-
dustrial Relations, Jerry Bedanes,
an alumnus of the University and
New York poet, Michael Allan, an
Ann Arbor High School student,
Prof. Fritjof Bergman of the
philosophy department, Joe Har-
rison, Student Nonviolent Coordi-
nating Committee Field Secretary
in Mississippi and Shortt.
Bergman, Haber and Bedanes
participated in the original teach-
Hold Board.
Robert E. Doerr, associate dean
of the Dental School, Harold J.

Plans Finalized'
For Welcome
Of Astronauts
The University rolls out the red
carpet as the Gemini 4 astronauts
arrive this morning.
Majors James A. McDivitt and
Edward H. White land at the
United Airlines hanger at Willow
Run Airport at 9:20 a.m.
They will then proceed by
motorcade to the Michigan Sta-
dium for the public convocation
at 10 a.m. There, President Harlan
Hatcher will confer upon the as-
tronauts the newly created degree
of Doctor of Astronautical Science.
They were graduated from the
University in 1959.
Following the convocation they
will proceed to North Campus for
the dedication of the Space Re-
search Building. This will be
approximately at 11 a.m..
There will be no parade as was
previously planned.
At 11:30 a.m., the astronauts
will proceed to the Michigan
Union at which they will be hon-
ored at a luncheon.
The route they will follow will
be via Fuller Rd.-Glen Ave.-Huron
to Fletcher which dead ends at
North, University. They will turn
on to North University and fol-
low around to State Street to the
The University has invited to
the luncheon national, state and
local officials, space industry
leaders, faculty, alumni a n d
In the afternoon, the astronauts
will be honored by their former
teachers in the department of
Aeironautical and Astronautical
Engineering at a reception at Bar-
ton Hills Country Club at 4:15.
Yesterday, the Ann Arbor City
Council passed a resolution com-
mending the astronauts for their
"superb accomplishment."
As a tribute to them the corner
of East University and South Uni-
versity has been named James
McDivitt a n d Edward White
Yesterday McDivitt and White
got the biggest welcome in Chi-
cago's history.
The turnout-estimated at two

Vows Defeat
Of Viet Cong
Military To Have
Close Supervision
Of New War Regime
SAIGON (A)) - A committee of
10 generals led by Maj. Gen.
Nguyen Van Thieu took over yes-
terday as South Viet Nam's new
"war government." They pledged
to work for the defeat of the Viet
Cong without imposing a dictator-,.
An informed source said yes-
terday that the commander of the
Vietnamese Air Force, Brig. Gen.
Nguyen Cao Ky, will be desig-
nated shortly as prime minister
heading a new war cabinet.
A communique issued by the
Vietnamese military leaders said
the "committee for the leadership
of the nation" had been created
with the task of "setting up na-
tional institutions and organiza-
tions, along with a war cabinet."
Radio Address
Thieu pledged in a radio ad-
dress that power would be turned
over to an elected civilian govern-
ment as soon as the Viet Cong
had been crushed, peace and se-
curity had been restored and cor-
rupt elements had been banished.
He called on the population to
accept wartime sacrifices and
urged unity, and to help create
"a new Viet Nam." He stressed
that a primary objective of the
military committee he heads will
be to weed out corruption and
improve the lot of the people.
The committee is expected to
pick a new cabinet in the next
few days, probably made up 'of
both civilians and military men.
Military Supervision
But top officials made it clear
that from now on the government
will have close military superv-
sion "until the war has been
won." National elections and
other devices for establishing a
democracy have been diocarded
for the time being.
In effect, the committee will be
starting from scratch, wituho
government in power, no consttu-
tion, no precedents and no tradi-
The committee came into being
to fill the power vacuum left by
the resignation Friday of, civilian
chief 'of state Phan Khac Suu,
Premier Phan Huy Quat and the
National Legislative Council.
For the time being, Suu and
Quat have stayed in office as
caretaker officials until the gen-
erals set up a new cabinet. But
for all practical purposes, Thieu
becomes chief of state as head of
the military committee.
Thieu, 42, was defense minister
and deputy premier in the Quat
government. A central Vietnamese
and a Roman Catholic, he' has
been a key member of the poli-
tically influential group of offi-
cers referred to as the "young



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