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June 12, 1965 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1965-06-12

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Viet Nam Regime

Gives Up

Power

Siii!3ant

4hr
74latly
A

Quat, Suu, Chieu Resign; Military
To Take Control, Authority Again
By The Associated Press
SAIGON - South Viet Nam's chief of state, prime minister, and
national legislative council issued a joint communique;yesterday saying
they are were resigning and returning power to the military.
The announcement was signed by Chief of State Phan Khac Suu,
Prime Minister Phan Huy Quat, and Maj. Gen. Pham Zuan Chieu,
chairman of the legislative council.
It seemed likely, several sources said, that the generals might ask
Suu, Quat and the council to stay on in a caretaker capacity until

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 28-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 12, 1965 SEVEN CENTS FOUR PAGES

House
$6.3

Committee
MIiIlion from

Cuts

Back

I

PHAN HUY QUAT

Senate Cuts
AidBU Blby
$200 Million
WASHINGTON (41) - Admin-
'i stration. forces were jolted by a
$200-million cut in President Lyn-
don B. Johnson's foreign aid bill
yesterday after beating back what
one Senate leader called a "meat
ax" whack at the $3.44 billion
measure. The amendment passed
40-35.
The drive for a top-to-bottom
cut in the bill was led by Sen.
Wayne Morse (D-Ore), who call-
ed the foreign aid program "a
stinking mess."
Whatever slim hopes Democrat-
ic Leader Mike Mansfield of Mon-
tana had of passing the measure
last night ended when Morse an-
nounced further plans to call up a
series of amendments Monday
proposing country - by - country
cuts.
Final Vote Tuesday
Sen. Everett M. Dirksen of Il-
linois, the Republican leader, pre-
dicted the Senate will reach a
final vote on the authorization
measure Tuesday. It must be fol-
lowed later by an appropriation
bill providing whatever funds are
authorized.
Morse tried first to cut the
whole program from $3.44 bil-
lion to an even $3 billion for each
of the. next two years, starting
July 1.
Administration backers led by
Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark)
stemmed this attack by a 54-26
roll call vote.
Target: Entire Program
Morse's amendment was aimed
at the program as a whole, leav-
ing it up to Johnson's foreign aid
directors to decide where to dis-
tribute the $200 million reduction
if it prevails.
Morse read from a stack of
comptroller general reports which
he said supported his contention
that the aid program is a mess.
He said aid officials "won't have
any trouble making- the cuts if
they will just read 10 per cent
of these reports."
Before taking up the Morse
amendments, administration lead-
ers defeated, 43 to 38, an attempt
by Sen. Frank Church (D-Idaho)
to cut $115 million from the $1.17-
billion military aid section.
Block Expansion
Church said his amendment was
designed to block a planned ex-
pansion of military aid to Greece
and Turkey as well as to Paki-
stan and India, even though he
said "these countries are on the
verge of going to war against one
another."

some new governing body can be
formed.
Power Goes to Army
The resignations specifically
handed over "responsibility and
power" to the armed forces, how-
ever, and it appeared the nation
would be ruled by the military
again.
U.S. officials said the govern-
mental change followed marathon
meetings between South Vietna-
mese generals, Prime Minister
Phan Huy Quat, chief of state,
Tham Khac Suu and the legisla-
tive council..
Quat, whose four-month-old re-
gime had come under increasing
fire from domestic critics, was
said to have offered his resigna-
tion after asking the military to
mediate a constitutional dispute.
Less Serious
U.S. officials in Washington
portrayed governmental upheaval
as far less serious than previous
occasions when the military has
seized control by coup, sometimes
with fighting or threats of it.
They said North Viet Nam
should take no encouragement
from the change because Quat's
critics are people who want an
even more vigorous prosecution of
the campaign against the Viet
Cong guerrillas.
The U.S. officials also noted
that the military has always been
close to positions of power in the
Saigon government even when not
in outward control.
Minimize Impact
Although officials here tended
to minimize the impact'on the war
effort of yesterday's developments,
it seemed apparent that the
change will add some difficulties
for U.S. leaders on the scene.
Officials said that Quat's resig-
nation would wipe out the moves
toward stability which have been
built up since last February, and
reactivate the old problem of how
to keep a reasonably stable Sa.
gon government in existence.
There is some indication that
the change was brought about by
Catholic pressure.
Catholic leaders said yesterday
afternoon they would settle for
nothing less than the ouster of
Quat, whom they mistrusted com-
pletely.
Planned Demonstration
Catholics had planned a massive
anti-Quat demonstration for yes-
terday but it was assumed the
rally would be called off.
It was expected the generals
would quickly organize a kind of
council or junta to avoid a total
vacuum in national leadership.
The armed forces generals last
month formally disbanded the old
armed forces council, under which
former Gen. Nguyen Khanh ruled.
Quat took office Nov. 16. Most
American officials regarded him
as one of the few figures in the
nation who seemed capable of
unifying Saigon's Catholic people.
Another issue in the collapse of
Quat's four - month - old gov-
ernment was the growing section-
alism in the country. Residents
of the southern part of the na-
tion accused Quat, whose origins
are in central Viet Nam, of fav-
oring those coming from the same
sector as well as former residents
of the north.
As for the battle against the
Viet Cong went yesterday, Viet-
namese paratroopers p u s h e d
through dense jungle seeking a
Viet Cong force that devastated
the town of Dong Xoai and its
American special forces camp.
The 52nd Vietnamese Ranger
Battalion, which suffered heavy
casualties in pushing the-Commu-
nists out of the community 60
miles north of Saigon, remained
behind, handling the many dead
and wounded-soldier and civilian,
adult and child. I

'

I u dget

Astronauts'
Rank Raised
By Johnson
By The Associated Press
HOUSTON - President Lyndon
B. Johnson visited the two Gemini
4 astronauts Majors James Mc-
Divitt and Edward White in Hous-
ton yesterday.
The president raised the pilots
from the rank of major to the
Air Force rank of Lieutenant
Colonel and nominated two other
astronauts, Gemini 3 command
pilot Virgil Grissom and and Mer-
cury astronaut Gordon Cooper for
the same rank.
The promotions are subject to
approval from the. Senate.
Gives Okay
Also today United States as-
tronauts got a green- light from
medical authorities for a planned
seven-day flight into space. Flight
Surgeon Charles Berry said he
saw no obstacles for a 14-day
mission.
"I don't advocate jumping to 14
days next," Berry told a news
conference, "but after looking at
preliminary data from McDivitt
and White, I would say the out-
look was very bright."
Berry said some problems must
be overcome, the biggest being the
work-sleep cycle of four hours
work and four hours sleep.
More Rest
"We need to give the man more
rest," he said, "at least six hours."
Another problem is dehydration,
long a bugaboo of manned space
flight.
"We must be able to measure
how much water is left for drink-
ing," he said. McDivitt and White
weren't drinking much water at
the beginning of the flight because
they were afraid they wouldn't
have enough left for the four
days," he said. '
Pre-Launch Condition
Berry said both Gemini astro-
nauts were back to their pre-
launch physical conditions, four
days after their return from space.
Berry, who is in charge Of all
medical programs at the manned
spacecraft center, said he con-
tinued to be amazed at the fine
condition of the two astronauts.
"Early data indicates man is
perfectly capable of carrying out
tasks in space, inside the space-
craft or outside," he said.
The surgeon said he didn't an-
ticipate any future ailments for
the two spacemen as a result of
their four-day trip.

House-Senate Feuds
Cause Monies Slash
Kowalski, Bursley Expect Fund
Request To Be Restored Eventually
By JOHN MEREDITH and BRUCE WASSERSTEIN
The House Ways and Means Committee slashed $6.3 mil-
lion from the University's operating budget yesterday in an
admitted attempt to gain bargaining power in its appropria-
tions feud with the Senate.
House Majority Leader Joseph Kowalski (D-Detroit) said
that he will do "everything in my power to see that the
amount is restored on the House floor," and Sen. Gilbert
Bursley (R-Ann Arbor) expressed confidence that the needs
of the University will be met in the end.
The Ways and Means Committee explicitly cut the
amount designated for support of a freshman class ax the

-Associated Press

ERHARD, DE GAULLE CONFER IN BONN
French President Charles de Gaulle, second from left, is escorted by West German Chancellor Ludwig
Erhard yesterday in Bonn, shortly after the French President's arrival there for talks. The talks
follow last week's visit by Erhard to the White House and include the problems of the Atlantic
Alliance as well as other internal European problems. Little progress was reported yesterday.
PROGRESS, PROBLEM ANALYSIS:
Study Resident~tial College Plan

By ROBERT MOORE
The Residential College Facul-
ty Planning Committee is discuss-
ing abolition of course grades,
comprehensive examinations and
a three year undergraduate pro-
gram in its comprehensive plan-
ning for the new self-contained
college, a recent analysis by the
committee indicates.
The analysis, written for a
"Workshop on Liberal Arts Edu-
cation" in which three members
of the- committee will exchange
ideas with educators from other
schools, summarizes the progress
of a year-and-a-half of planning
and lists some questions which
have arisen in the committee's
discussions.
The progress report says the
work of planning is about half-
done for the college, which is ex-
pected to be completed near North
Campus in 1968, and the questions
indicate the general trend of the
unique college.
Questions Posed
The questions concern other
school's experiences with: abo-
lition of individual course grades,
comprehensive examinations, cur-
ricula in science courses for non
science majors, classrooms in dor-
mitories, student-faculty govern-

CBS Submits Proposal for
Televised Bundy Debate
By JUDITH WARREN
Co-Editorj
Plans for the proposed debate between McGeorge Bundy, special
advisor to President Lyndon B. Johnson, and critics of the adminis-
tration's policy in Viet Nam took another step yesterday toward
completion.
At a meeting yesterday in Washington, Columbia Broadcasting
System representatives presented a proposal to Professor Arnold
Kaufman of the philosophy department. Kaufman refused to com-
ment on the substance of the CBS proposal but said that "we are
,very close to a settlement."

ment with an equal division of
power, intensive language curricu-
la, interdisciplinary majors, mul-
ti-purpose science laboratories and
a three-year undergraduate pro-
gram of two-and-a-half terms
per year.
Other questions concern a pos-
sible "out" in the language re-
quirement for non-language mo-
tivated students and the optimum
amount of classroom space per
student.
The report considers the prog-
ress in the fields of curriculum
planning, faculty commitment and
calendaring.
Course Development
"We are well on our way toward
the development of a program of
freshman seminars, core courses
in the physical and social sciences
and the- humanities, and are con-
sidering a variety of techniques
of encouraging i n d e p e n d e n t
study," the report says.
Faculty commitment, however,
may prove more of a problem, the
report indicates. Surveys the com-
mittee has taken indicate that al-
though many teachers are inter-
ested in teaching at the Residen-
tial College, few are willing to do
so full-time.
"Thus we ask," the report con-
tinues, "what can we make out
of a network of split and part-
time appointments? How shall we
define 'load' on the new campus?
How can we get our faculty to
mingle with the students on off-
hours and not retreat to the cen-
tral campus? How do we handle a
research faculty in a teaching col-
lege?"
Calendaring Problem
On the calendaring problem, the
report says the committee will
"consider alternative divisions of
the academic year, within the tri-
mester framework, such that stag-
gered scheduling would be mini-
mized, and the community spirit
of the campus maximized."
"The status of the new college
is to be unique at the University.
We shall be in most important
respects autonomous, although ad-
ministratively a subordinate unit
UN Group OK's
Arms Parley
By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS-The Unit-
ed Nations Disarmament Commis-
sion endorsed an Asian-African
proposal for a world arms con-
ference which would include Com-
munist China yesterday, overrid-
ing objections from the United
States.

of the literary college, throught
which degrees will be awarded,"
the report says.t
"Our aim is to have the bestt
of two worlds-the somewhat more1
intimate and unified life of the
small college; the variety, ener-
gy and resources of the large uni-
versity."
Site Approved
"We have approved a site plan
on the University's North Campus
and are completing the first roundj
of specifications with the archi-
tects, designing a campus to house
1200 students, . which will be a
self-contained academic commu-
nity with libraries, laboratories,
gymnasium, social center, audi-
toriums, classrooms and offices,"
it reports.
There is some expectation ,the
report goes on, that this is the
wave of the future in Ann Arbor;
but whether there will be four or
five separatehResidential Colleges
by 1984, or whether the whole lit-
erary college will subdivide and
decentralize is stil la question.
Currentlyzthe job is toudecide
what we want to happen in this
first college, and do so in a very
short time, the report said.
Hold Chicago
Rights Protest
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO-Two hundred par-
ticipants in a school protest pa-
rade were arrested in Grant Park
yesterday after staging a sit-down
in a dispute with police officials.
The protest was an attempt by
civil rights leaders to pressure
Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley
into firing school superintendent,
Benjamin C. Willis. Some civil
rights actionists accusp Willis of
not moving swiftly enough in a
racial integration plan for the
schools.
Daley, who first had set Mon-
day for a conference with protest
leaders, shifted the appointment
time to yesterday afternoon. But
he warned marchers that they
must not block the city's heavy
downtown traffic.
Repetition March3
The suddenly abolished march
had been planned by civil rights
leaders as a repetition of a dem-
onstration march held Thursday
which snarled downtown Chicago
traffic and blocked LaSalle St.
outside city hall.
The marches were staged in con-
junction with a proposed two-day
boycott of the city's public school

University's Flint branch this
year. Rep. Charles Grey (D-
Ypsilanti), who proposed the
cutback, said that the move
"was not a serious amendment
in the sense of cutting the
University's budget."
Force Restoration
"It is an attempt to force res-
toration of cutbacks made in ad-
ministrative pay raise bills by the
Senate Appropriations Commit-
tee," he explained.
"I hope that our differences in
this area can be worked out so
that the University's budget can
be raised again to $50.35 million
plus an additional $900,000 for
faculty salaries."
No Interest
Grey emphasized, however, that
he had no interest in restoring
Senate cuts in the controversial
legislator pay-raise bill. Other
House members had bitterly at-
tacked the Senate Appropriations
Committee when it killed this
measure earlier this week
University officials had no com-
ment on the budget cut.
The slash was made as the Ways
and Means Committee read the
higher education bill onto the
House floor. The bill, which orig-
inated in the Senate Appropria-
tions committee, was passed by
the Senate with a total appropria-
tion of $184.3 million and $51.2
million for the University, includ-
ing funds for Flint and additional
faculty salaries.
The Ways and Means Committee
did not reduce the budget of any
of the other nine state schools,
reporting the bill to the floor with
a total appropriation of $183.4
million.
Interpretation
Many observers interpreted the
University cutback as a direct slap
at Senate Appropriations Commit-
tee Chairman Garland Lane (D-
Flint). Lane has been generally
favorable to the University, and
is a staunch supporter of its plans
to admit freshmen at Flint in the
fall.
Sources speculated that part of
the purpose of such a large cut is
to make sure that the University
cannot divert other funds to sup-
port the Flint venture-a factor,
they said, which will put a great
deal of pressure on Lane to end
his opposition to the House-passed
administrative pay-raise bill. Lane
had joined Appropriations Com-
mittee Republicans in killing the
measure.
Lane could not be reached for
comment last night. However, the
Associated Press indicated that he
has made no apparent moves to
confer with House leaders.
Grey noted that the Ways and
Means Committee cutback would
give the University an appropria-
tion identical with its operating
budget for the 1964-'65 year, add-
ing that the Lane committee's
recommendations for administra-
tive salaries were to keep them at
their present level.
Brennan Comes to Aid
State Board of Education Presi-
dent Thomas Brennan last night
vowed to come to the University's

REP. JOSEPH KOWALSKI
Several OAS
States Resist
Peace Levies
WASHINGTON (M)-Some mem-
bers' resistance to paying special
assessments to support the United
States-proposed inter-American
peacekeeping force threatens to
create a financial crisis in the
Organization of American States.
The problem is similar to that
faced by the United Nations in its
unsuccessful efforts to make sev-
eral countries-notably the Soviet
Union and France-meet special
assessments for UN peacekeeping
efforts in the Congo and the
Middle East.
A special committee headed by
Ambassador Guillermo Sevilla Sa-
casa of Nicaragua met at the OAS
yesterday to discuss the matter
but it announced no decisions af-
ter considerable talk.
Vote Authorization
The Senate voted Tuesday to
authorize the use of 25 millionof
the $55 million available for La-
tin American military assistance
to help support the inter-Ameri-
can force under OAS control.
But Mexico has already warned
it will object to "any OAS resolu-
tion assigning quotas resulting
directly or indirectly from the
establishment of the inter-Ameri-
can force."
Venezuela, Chile and Uruguay
also have notified the OAS they
reserve the right to object.
No Support
These countries did not support
the establishment of the inter-
American force. Mexico objected
to any such force at all since it
regards the Dominican crisis as an
internal matter to be solved by
the Dominicans.
Venezuela failed to get the OAS
to declare that the inter-American
force be evenly divided, numeri-
cally, between U.S. and Latin
American troops.
The force was established May
6 by a vote of 14 to 5 to help to
keep the Dominican factions from
fighting.
Nf.nulha of Frac,

In Near Future
The debate will be broadcast at
10 p.m. "within a week or two,"
Kaufman predicted. He would not
disclose the names of the other
participants in the debate, ex-
plaining they are still being con-
tacted and the final choice is still
to be made.
Professor Richard Mann of the
psychology department, who at-
tended a meeting with Bundy
Thursday emphasized that "Bundy
indicated no unwillingness to meet
with anyone. He will not screen or
select any of his debating op-
ponents."
The final plans for the debate
are dependent upon the proposal

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