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November 23, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-11-23

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Spanish Referendun
Needed To Set Rule
To Follow Dictator
MADRTD ) -Cetn. Franci
Franco, Snain's dictator for
years. offerd the nation vest
day a nw law desgned to set
a lberalized monarchv when t
amino cairllo s&n down.
Franco. who willbe b 74 Dec.
made his prooals in a 52-m
ute address to the Cortes-Par
ment-and it anroved them
once by acclamation. This ope
the way for a national referend
exnected to ,be held Dec. 14.
Frar. so's proposals would bro
en popular representation a
open the doors to his own succ
sion by a king or royal i1g
when death or age forces his7
The program ranging from si
cession to assurances of religi
liberty, appeared to be aimed t
ward political liberalism. B
Franco stubbornly resisted the a
e mission of political parties as p
of the plan.
"Every country smust solve I
question of democracy in its o
way. With us, a genuine, order
and effective democracy exclu
political parties;" he said.
To soften this bitter pill f
many, Franco continued.: "This
no way implies the exclusion
the legitimate contrast of opi
Spanish Republic
Alfonso XIII left Spain in 1
after elections indicated a la
pro-republican vote. A repub
4 was established, but its coaliti
government proved weak, and(
army revolt broke out in 1936.
Two and a half years of ci
war followed until Franco t:
umphed in 1939. His nationali
were helped by Hitler's Germa
and Mussolini's Italy; the Sov
4 Union of the Stalin era support
the republicans, who also had t
sympathy and help of ma
groups in anti-Fascist nations.
A professional soldier when t
revolt broke out, Franco won t
war and emerged as leader of t
empire, chief of state, command
in chief of the armed forces, pri
minister and head of the. Falan
Franco's proposals included
new program of religious freedc
in this Roman Catholic natic
An amendment to the laws vfou
permit the practice of other fait
although R o m a n Catholici
would remain the protected sta
religion. Franco told the Cort
his draft had the approval of t





Work Lags
In Germany
Brandt and Mende
Stress Unity; East
Hits Kiesinger Past
BONN, Germany (P)-West Ger-
many's Social Democrat and Free
Democrat parties reported only
slight progress yesterday in efforts
to patch together a governing
coalition as Communist East Ger-
many fired another salvo of criti-
cism at the Nazi past of Kurt
George Kiesinger.
Kiesinger is the dominant Chris-
tian Democrat party's choice to
succeed Chancellor Ludwig Er-
A spokesman for the East Ger-
man Communist party's Polit-
buro, Albert Norden, said in East
Berlin that Kiesinger often took
part in daily policy conferences at
the Nazi Foreign Ministry andl
that propaganda chief Joseph
Goebbels often led the meetings.
Both Mayor Willy Brandt of
West Berlin, head of the Social
Democrats, and Erich Mende of
the Free Democrats expressed a
will to form a government, but the
talks apparently produced no
agreement on the crucial issues of
domestic economic and financial
Party Control
Brandt's party controls 202 of
the 496 votes in'the German Par-
liament and the Free Democrats
49. The Christian Democrats have
Thedthree parties are striving
to produce a coalition that would
provide a majority needed to elect
a successor to Erhard.
Kiesinger, 62, has been widely
criticized because he was a mem-
ber of the Nazi party from 1933
until the end of World War II,
working ii the radio section of the
Nazi Foreign Ministry propaganda

Communist China's Attitudes
Will Hinder Admission Plan

Associated Press Special Writer
Red China can be expected to
reject and denounce the latest
move on the issue of its admis-
sion to the United Nations. The
chances are that the prospect of
Peking's entry is more remote than
The United States has supported
an Italian resolution proposing
committee study of the issue. Some
diplomats interpret this as a re-
laxation of the hard U.S. line
against U.N. membership for Com-
munist China.
The move can provide an op-
portunity for member nations to
support an initiative with the ap-
pearance of compromise. But such
a compromise has practically no
chance of success. In fact, Peking
will view it as part of a plot and
as proof of Red Chinese accusa-
tions against the world organ-
ization as it is now constituted.
The United States strongly re-
asserted its determination to pre-
vent the expulsion from the Unit-
ed Nations of the Nationalist Chi-
nese government based on For-
mosa. But any "two-Chinas" solu-
tion is out of the question so far
as the current Peking leadership
is concerned.
Peking has burned its bridges.
It wvil not join the United Nations,
it has said repeatedly, until the
organization is overhauled and re-
organized. It is unlikely to re-
treat from that stand-the mare
so now because of an apparent
conviction that the Russians and
Americans are plotting against
Red China.
For more than a year, Peking
has been accusing "Soviet revi-
sionists" of plotting a "holy al-
liance" with the United States and
others to contain and isolate Red

China. Thus, says Peking, Mos-
cow has adopted a "policy of ap-
peasement" in Europe preventing
the establishment of "a second
anti-imperialist front" to divert
American power and concentra-
tion from Viet Nam.
For a year, Peking has portrayed
the United Nations as a market
place for U.S.-Soviet trading.
Thus, in effect, Peking demands
that before it aacepts the world
organization, the United Nations
must conform to Red Chinese no-
tions of what such an organization
must be. There is little chance
that Red Chin, can dictate to that
extent to the rest of the world.
Red China is unalterably com-j
mited to rejection of any "two-

Chinas" solution. Its stand is con-
tained in a statement by "Ob-
servcr," the pen-name for a top
leader, who wrote last spring in
People's Daily:
"So long as the U.S. government
does not change it hostile policy
toward China and refuses to pull
out its armed forces from Formosa
and the Formosa Strait, normal-
ization of Chinese-American rela-
tions is entirely out of the ques-
Constantly. Peking denounces
the United Nations. In June, it ac-
cused the Russians of voting in
support of measures which would
suppress people's war in various
areas. It accused the Americans
of using the organization as an
instrument in seeking a Viet Nam

Senate Reports Show Rise
In Major Automotive Flaws

-Associated Press
DICTATOR FRANCISCO FRANCO was greeted by cheering crowds and the police needed to restrain
them yesterday as he entered the Spanish Parliament to present legislation for a new form of
Spanish government: a liberalized monarchy. Franco is 74.
Viet Cong Mortar U.S. Post,
eaken Teory of Escape

makers are being plagued with
safety defects in their 1967 models
but are trying hard to recall all
suspected faulty cars as rapidly
as possible, a Senate committee
reported yesterday.
The main troubles reported to
the government, under the new
auto safety law, are faulty braking
systems and throttle linkages, in
both American and foreign makes.
The Senate Commerce Commit-
tee listed 279,385 cars as potential
affected, but gave no exact total of
autos actually found defective.
These included 167,257 of the 1967
models, the others 1965 of 1966,

owners so the defects can be cor-
Dr. William Haddon Jr., admin-
istrator of the new national safety
agency set up by the legislation,
said, "The companies are clearly
making. a very concerted and sub-
stantially successful effort to iden-
tify and correct such defect
The committee staf provided an
abstract of selective reports re-
ceived by Haddon's agency be-
tween Sept. 21 and Nov. 8-almost
all of 1967 autos. Five of the 14
listings gave no series numbers for
the vehicles affected.
The domestic auto makers who

SAIGON, South Viet Nam OP)- B-52 jets from Guam lashed at
The Viet Cong demonstrated with a North Vietnamese staging area

a mortar attack on a U.S. com-
mand post yesterday that they re-
tain a foothold northwest of Sai-
gon despite pressure from Opera-
tion Attleboro, the largest Amer-
ican action of the war.
Twenty enemy shells exploded
at field headquarters of the 2nd
Brigade, 25th Infantry Division,
one of several units that massed
more than 30,000 troops to seek
out and destroy the Viet Cong's
9th Division. A spokesman said
U.S. casualties were light.
Reported Fled
On the basis of diminishing con-
tact An the campaign, in which
Americans have reported 1,098 of
the enemy killed over the last five
weeks, Brig. Gen. G. G. O'Connor
said Monday it appeared the Viet
Cong had fled to sanctuary in
Cambodia. But O'Connor, assistant
commander of the 25th Division,
said the search would continue.
Ground action across the 900
square miles of swamp, grassland,
and jungle and elsewhere in the
country was generally slight.
U.S. pilots took to the air for
strikes against Communist tar-
gets, but bad weather again lim-
ited forays over North Viet Nam.
American squadrons flew only 41
missions, about a third the usual
number, over the north Monday.

in the central highlands near the
Cambodian frontier. The target
site was 17 miles west of the U.S.-
directed Special Forces camp at
Plei Djering, about 240 miles north
of Saigon.
A U.S. spokesman acknowledged
heavy over-all casualties Monday
to a three-platoon force of about
105 men of the U.S. 1st Cavalry,
Airmobile Division, who fought off
a North Vietnamese battalion of
perhaps 500 troops 22 miles south-
west of Plei Djering. He said,
however, the cavalrymen and sup-
porting planes and artillery killed
102 North Vietnamese.
One of the platoons was over
run and the spokesman reported
the enemy soldiers slew several
wounded Americans. He declined

to comment on a report bhere were
only three survivors in this pla-
Information Held
U.S. officials consistently refuse
to give specific casualty figures in
any action. On grounds of security,
their reports of losses are limited
to such terms as light, moderate
or heavy.
Two small fights flared north of
the cavalry battlefield Tuesday
between North Vietnamese and
units of the 25th Division, which
also is carrying on in the high-
American riflemen reported kill-
in three Hanoi regulars in a skir-
mish 12 miles southwest of Plei
Djering. A second fight developed
13 miles northeast of that settle-
ment. There was no immediate
word of the results.

French Urge Interchange
Of Chinese Vote in UN

made reports were General Motors,
Ford, Chrysler, American Motors,
The figures usually referred only International- Harvester and Kai-
to thenumber of cars in each series ser Jeep. There were reports from
where defetcs turned up and whose three foreign firms, Rolls Royce,
owners were notified to have a Renault and Honda.
check made. Some of the listings Troubles detailed by the auto
gave no totals at all.,safety office included reports on
Notification difficulties in such items as car-
Under the auto safety legislation buretor, steering gear lockups,
spassed by the last Congress, auto tires, brake hoses, door latches,
makers are required to notify the throttle linkages and master brank
government of defects and inform cylinder push rods.

France urged the U.N. General
Assembly yesterday to admit the
Chinese Communists and expel the
Chinese Nationalists without re-
gard as to Peking's attitude toward
the world organization.
French Ambassador Roger Sey-
doux rejected an unrealistic an
Italian proposal for a high level
study of the 16-year-old Chinese
representation problem that would
explore Peking's attitude on join-
ing the United Nations.
This was in sharp oppostion to
the stand taken by the United
States to keep the door closed to
Peking, but to support the study.
Seydoux asserted that the pres-
ence of Peking in the United Na-
tions is vital to the cause of dis-
armament and the search for

peace in Southeast Asia, including'
any settlement in that part of the
"Indeed, nobody questions the
weight carried by the People's
Republic of China by reason of
its size, the number of its popula-
tion, its civilization, its armed
forces and finally, its nuclear
power," he added.
He declared that there was no
cause to raise the question of
whether China intends to take its
place in the United Nations if the
assembly extends an invitation.
The United States has said it
would vote for the Italian pro-
posal, which some view as setting
the stage for a two-China settle-
ment. But the supporters- of Pe-
king are opposed to it, and its
cances of winning assembly ap-
proval are doubtful.

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Democratic Caucus: Pledge
Of Cooperation, Leadership

World News Roundup

By The Associated Press
LANSING - Democratic mem-
bers of the equally divided State
House of Representatives caucused
in Lansing today. They pledged to
cooperate with their Republican
colleagues and raised the possi-
bility that the two parties might
have equal shares in the House
The caucus empowered speaker
Joseph Kowalski to name a com-
mittte to negotiate with the Re-
publicans over how to organize
the House in view of the 55-to-55
split resulting from the November
8 election. The Republican caucus
named a similar committee last

One of the things the Dem-
ocrats will discuss is a co-leader-
ship system involving two House
speakers and two co-chairmen for
each committee.
Kowalski said the Democrats
passed a resolution saying they-
in their words-"Pledge our co-
operation with the Republican
governor and the Republican sen-
The Democrats put off action on
what could be a touchy job-that
of selecting their candidate for
speaker. Kowalski has indicated
he wants the job again, but Dem-
ocratic representative Ed. O'Brien
of Detroit has vowed he won't vote
for Kowalski.

1967 PanAm Group Flight to Europe
for Faculty, Staff, and Students
of the University of Michigan
June 1-August 17
June 24-August 11
July 12-August 12
N.Y.-London-N.Y. $300
Further information available soon

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By The Associated Press
eral government ended the first
four months of the new fiscal year
with a deficit of almost $13 bil-
lion partly because of increased
spending for the Viet Nam war.
This was disclosed yesterday in
a monthly statement of spending
and tax 'collection made public
by the Treas..'v Department. It
showed spending of $44.17 billion
and receipts of $31.19 billion. Tax
collections normally are heavier in
the second half of the fiscal year.
* * *
States may not be able to meet
French President Charles de
Gaulle's April 1, 1967, deadline for
evacuating all its troops and sup-
plies from France, informed sour-
ces indicated yesterday.
However, Pentagon officials are
reluctant to discuss this prospect.

Instead they point out that statis-
tics released in Paris Tuesday
show more than half of all U.S.
military stocks and one-third of
all personnel had been relocated
out of the country by the end of
last month.
-WASHINGTON-The Republi-
can National Committee embarked
yesterday on a drive to convince
young people that they should join
the GOP.
National Chairman Ray C. Bliss
announced the effort, which runs
parallel to the recruiting program
of the conservative-orented Young
Republican National Federation.
The Bliss program has the co-
operation of the Young Republican
Daily Classifieds
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