FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18. 1986 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
In Viet Cong
Inflict Heavy Losses;
No Growth in Forces
Seen in Recent Weeks
By The Associated Press
Signs of enemy deterioration In
4South Viet Nam are mounting.
Some Pentagon officials believe
the Viet Cong and North Vietnam-
ese are finding it harder than ever
to enforce their military will.
This belief was strengthened
yesterday with the addition of a
major U.S. Maine victory in a
clash below the demilitarized zone
with Hanoi regulars. The Com-
munists forces in Viet Nam were
then estimated by the American
command to have lost a record
2,000 men through death, capture
and defection in the past week.
A spokesman said the Leather-
necks and supporting- South Viet-
namese troops killed 33rNorth
Vietnamese soldiers an~d freed 45
captive villagers in the overnight
action 10 miles south of the zone
between North and South Viet
Nam. Allied casualties were termed
Factors for Optimism
Sources said yesterday they are
basing their optimistic assessment1
of an enemy military deterioration
on these factors:
" The North Vietnamese and
Viet Cong have not been able to
increas their net number of troops
in the past 15dweeks after a long
period of steady growth.
SViet Cong atrocities are
mounting. Last month there were
about 190 reported assassinations
and sources said nearly half of the
victims were local village officials.
The rising number of atrocities is
viewed as significant, an official
said, because "when military units
degenerate, atrocities go up."
" Enemy defections are mount-
ing. Last week 611 men returned
to the South Vietnamese ranks
under that government's open
arms program. It was the largest
number of defections in one week
since the program began.
" Enemy food losses are grow-
ing. Last week U.S. forces captured
a record total of over 2,000 tons
of rice during Operation Attleboro
near Tay Ninh.,
Unable to Build Up
Most sources, although cautious,
believe the enemy's apparent in-
ability to increase its forces to be
the most ' significant of these
The Viet Cng and North Viet-
namese troops in South Viet Nam
were estimated at about 250,000 at
the beginning of the year by
Amercan intelligence officials.
That total - reported weekly -
grew steadily to about 280,000 by
Since then, however, the number
has remained between 279,000 and
11 283,000. A drop to 277,000 reported
this week by intelligence sources
could indicate that the enemy has
reached a top limit in the number
of troops they can support with
food and ammunition, sources
358,000 U.S. Troops
The U.S. Command announced
the roll of American servicemen
in Viet Nam climbed to 358,000
as of last Saturday. There were.
some 6,000 newcomers, some in '
small units and others to fill out
detachments already on hand.
Briefing officers reported a rise
in combat deaths on both sides,
with 384 of the allies and 1,525
Communists slain against com-
parable figures of 248 and 917 in
the week before.
Poor weather shrouded air war
targets in North Viet Nam Wed-'
nesday for the sixth straight day.
The result was only_38 U.S. strike
missions, about a fourth the usual
number. American ana South
Vietnamese pilots s t a g e d 503
single-plane attacks against enemy
emplacements and suspected troop
concentrations in the south.
Far to the south, Viet Cong mor-
tar crows staged a half a dozen
attacks in the Mekong delta. They
shelled Ben Tre, a provincial cap-
ital 45 miles southwest of Saigon,
and five militia posts.
Officials Fear Riots,
Police Patrol Entry
Points To Uphold Bail
NEW DELHI, India OP) - Prime
SMinister Indra Gandhi's govern-
ment, already badly shaken by a
violent demonstration last week,
faces another severe test over a'
students march on the capital
The march has been banned by
New Delhi exty officials who fear
it may erupt into a bloody riot
that would dwarf the size of last
week's demonstration against the
slaughter of cows. Eight died and
41 were injured in that rioting.
Despite the ban, student leaders'
in various parts of the country
have said they are going ahead
with their plans. And representa-
tives of some university groups in
f the capital have promised their
full support. to the marchers, evho
are protesting against what they
feel has been police brutality in
sporadicdemonstrations held in
other cities this year.
In an effort to head off the
march, the New Delhi municipal
government began checking all
I entry points for arriving students.
Police were stationed at bus ter-
LEGISLA TURE DENIED:
May Be Decided in Runoff
ATLANTA, Ga. OP-A federalI
court decision yesterday barring
election of Georgia's next governor
by the legislature sent the issue
of a winless contest toward the
U.S. Supreme Court. State at-
torneys prepared an immediate
No remedy was offered by the
three-judge court's ruling on a
major question in the deadlocked,
no-majority race between Repub-
lican Howard Callaway and Dem-
ocrat Lester G. Maddox.
If the decision is upheld, a run-
off between the two men or a spe-
cial election eventually will result.
But court battles could delay the
final outcome for months, forcing
Gov. Carl. E. Sanders to hold over
past the Jan. 10 inauguration
"I applaud this decision," Calla-
way said. Maddox, who said last
week he was glad the legislature
would decide the race, remarked
that he had anticipated that'-the
matter would be handed back to
The court,-formalizing its tenta-
tive ruling a week ago-limited
its order to striking down the
Georgia's Constitution's 1824 pro-
vision for election by the legis-
lature when no candidate has a
Neither of the nominees man-
aged to poll a majority in the
Nov. 8 general election because of,
write-ins for Ellis G. Arnall. It
was Arnall, a former governor,
who was defeated by Maddox for
the Democratic nomination in a
Complete unofficial returns gave
Callaway 451,032 votes, Maddox
448,598 and Arnall 57,832. The of-
ficial returns have not been cer-
tified to the secretary of state.
In its deciskon the court granted
a 10-day suspension to give the
state time to carry an appeal up
to the Supreme Court. State Atty.)
Gen. Arthur K. Bolton said he
might go to Washington todayI
with the appeal, but l robably
would wait until next week.
But since the, decision was very
limited, obviously its ultimate re-
solution still will leave open ap-
peals to the Supreme Court on
other issues - particularly the
question of write-in votes in a
runoff and also the matter of a
special election open to any quali-
Attorney Francis Shackelford,
representing a bipartisan group
seeking a runoff, said he was
hopeful the court later will order
a Maddox-Callaway election with-
out write-ins allowed.
FOLLOWERS OF MAO
Private Housing Starts Drop
To Lowest Rate in 21 Years
Swarms of children suround a Red Guard propaganda truck in Peking sporting a large. picture of
Mao Tse-tung. Reports indicate Chinese officials fearing concentration of the Guards in Peking yes-
terday ordered all Guards to return home by next Monday.
RECOMMEND COMMITTEE STUDY:
Promote 'Realities' Formula
For UN Talks on Red China
By The Associated Press
activity, already down from the
scarcity of mortgage funds, fell to
its lowest level in 21 years during
October, the Commerce Depart-
ment reported yesterday.
The department's Census Bu-
reau said privately owned housing
starts slumped by 20.7 per cent
during the month, the largest de-
cline of- the year, to a seasonally
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. OP) -
A formula for dealing with the
U.N. China question on the basis
of "political realities" was report-
ed gaining ground yesterday on
the eve of the General Assembly's
annual debate on the question.
It was regarded as a step toward
the eventual seating of Commu-
nist China and keeping Nationalist
China in the United Nations. But
for this year at least, the Peking
government was expected to be
Diplomatic sources said the for-
mula, promoted by Italy, would
have the assembly set up a special
committee to make a year's study
of the question of China's U.N.,
representation and recommend1
"an appropriate solution, taking
into account the political realities
in the area."
Canada Favors Plan
They said Canada had been
pushing for stronger wording by
which the committee would aim
at a solution "recognizing that
sovereignty over the Chinese
mainland is vested in the Commu-
nist People's Republic of China
and recognizing that sovereignty
over Taiwan Formosa is vested in
the Nationalist R e p u blic of
Sources said the United States; The other, sponsored by Albania
at first was against having a and nine other Communist or
study committee, later agreed to
accept the idea as it picked up
support. They said the United
States now was mainly concerned
about seeing that the wording was
something it could "live with,"
and with getting prior votes on the
two China-seating resolutions al-
nonaligned countries, would have
the assembly recognize represent-
atives of the People's Republic of
China "as the only lawful repre-
sentatives of China to the United
Nations," with full rights, and
"expel forthwith the represent-
atives of Chiang Kai-shek."
minals. Others patroled railway
stations. Several student leaders
already here plus some opposition
party leaders were detained.
The government said Wednes-
day night that all schools and col-
leges would be closed today so that
students would have no excuse to
come out on the streets and as-
semble in large numbers.
Whether the ban against the
march should be lifted provoked
a heated debate in Parliament,
where opposition leaders have
tried to gain as much political ad-
vantage from the situation as pos-
Making his first statement in
the House as home minister, Y.
B. Chavan defended the ban, call-
ing it "sound and in the best in-j
terest of the students themselves."
His statement led to a 90-min-
ute turmoil in the House with the
speaker forced to adjourn at one
period for 15 minutes.
Court Orders Powell To
Serve 30-Day Sentence
Bra ndt Says Coalition Must
Include Social Democrats
NEW YORK (P)-Harlem con-
gressman Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
has been ordered by a State Su-
preme Court justice to surrender
himself the day before Thanks-
giving. to begin a 30-day jail sen-
tence for criminal contempt of
Justice Matthew M. Levy issued
the order yesterday directing
Powell to surrender to the sheriff
at 10:30 a.m. Wednesday, Nov. 23.
Levy had found the Negro Dem-
BONN, West Germany (R) -
Mayor Willy Brandt of West Ber-
lin said yesterday he believes
politicians cannot form a new
West German government with-
out his Social Democratic party.
A government without his party
would be tried only if other par-
ties sought to make the present
crisis last forever, he said, adding:
"I believe that they will not suc-
Brandt spoke at the opening of
a two day meeting in Berlin of
party leaders from nations of the
Claim Viet Diversion .of
U.S. AID Shipments Low
SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP)-
Diversion of American AID ship-
ments to Viet Nam "is only about
5 per cent," senior U.S. officials
Officials of the U.S. Agency for
International Development said
early assistance efforts here "lack-
ed the managerial controls we
would have liked, but we are get-'
ting close to them now."
They cited new accounting pro-
cedures, tightened cargo controls
in the port of Saigon, and stepped
up police work-most of which
were started in recent months.
The U.S. AID effort here escalated
sharply in the spring of 1965 in
conjunction with the massive U.S.
AID programs "hit the beach,"
officials said, with the same
single-mindedness of U.S. combat
troops. Loose bookkeeping proce-
dures were tolerated only because
the primary goal was to stop in-
flation by pouring in goods.
These imports were designed to
absorb excess Vietnamese pur-
chasing power caused by U.S.
troops spending in the country,
these officials said.
They denied what they termed
"recently published reports" that
as much as 40 per cent of eco-
nomic aid cargoes were diverted.
Community Project Area
Most diversion of goods paid
for by U.S. taxpayers comes under
the community project area, which
is aimed at nation building, they
went on. These goods offer the
greatest opportunity for loss, theft
or intentional damage because
they pass from freighters to Sai-
gon warehouses to regional ware-
houses to provincial warehouses to
the hamlets and villages.
The officials noted that the
Viet Cong can buy drugs or medi-
cines and other goods off the
shleves after they enter legitimate
commercial channels. They also
said the Communists acquire
American goods as spoils of war
war and questioned "whether that
can be called diversion."
Steps are being taken to ascer-
tain that Vietnamese importers
who buy U.S. goods use them only
in legitimate commerce, officials
European Common Market-West
Germany, France, Italy, Belgium,
the Netherlands and Luxembourg.
He . came out strongly for ac-
cepting Britain's bid to join the
organization a bid renewed under
British Prime Minister Haroldi
The favorite formula being dis-
cussed to end the Bonn crisis was
'mini" coalition of Social Dem-
ocrats and the smaller Free Dem-
ocratic party. The "mini" part
comes from the uncomfortable'
fact that it would command only
two votes more than the absolute
majority of the Bundestag needed,
to elect a chancellor. If such an3
alliance was , successful, - Brandt
would presumably get the job. '
Another widely debated possi-
bility was a grand coalition be-
tween the Social Democrats and'
the retiring Chancellor Ludwig
Erhard's Christian Democrats,
their standard now borneby-Kurt
Chance of Revival
There was also a chance to re-!
vive the old coalition of Christian'
Democrats with the Free Dem-
ocrats, who pulled out of Erhard's
government three weeks ago in7
oposition to his call for new taxes
to balance the budget,
Erhard presided at a meeting
yesterday of the rump Cabinet,
but it kept largely to routine mat-
Asked about the political mood,
a sokesman-ex-Maj. Karl-Guen-
ther von Hase- said he would use
an old German military formula:
"The morale of the troops is good
-a lot better than their perform-
. There will be further talks. But
before making any definite moves,
politicians expect to await the re-
sult of a state election Sunday in
Bavaria. The outcome in that
populous state could have an im-
portant effect on political horse
trading in Bonn.
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - An improving
President Johnson conferred yes-
terday in his hospital quarters
with former President Dwight D.
Eisenhower and suggested he un-
dertake a goodwill mission to Asia
and other areas of the world.
White House press secretary
Bill D. Moyers said the whole idea
On the second day after a
doubleheader operation, to cut a
polyp from his vocal cords and
repair an old incision in his ab-
domen, Johnson pronounced him-
self "doing very well" and a White
House bulletin said his doctors
Some officials indicated they
felt the walkout was a power play
to see who would run the school.
NEW YORK-Astronomers in
the New Mexico and Arizona
deserts reported shooting stars fell
over their observatory yesterday
at the rate of 1,000 to 2,400 a min-
ute and then built up speed until
they were filling the sky so fast
they couldn't be counted.
It was the most spectacular dis-
play of Leonid meteorites seen
anywhere and neared the scale of
the last great show 100 years ago
this month, astronomel's said.
World News Roundup
ocrat guilty of two counts of crim-
inal, contempt of court on Nov. 4
for willful' failure to answer two
court directives in a $164,000 libel
judgment against him.
Out of Town
Powell, who routed three op-
ponents in the general e!ection
last week and won a 12th term in
Congress, was reported to be in
Levy directed Powell to sur-
render the day after a scheduled
hearing in the Appellate Division
of Supreme Court on a challenge
by Powell's attorneys of Levy's
Decision Not Expected
Conceivably, the five-man panel
could issue a bench decision on
the challenge but it is not ex-
The action stems from a court
decision in 1963 finding that
Powell had defamed a Harlem
widow Ester James, 68, by calling
her a "bag woman"-a collector
of graft for corrupt policemen-
on a television program in 1960.
If Powell surrenders, assuming
the sentence is not stayed,. he
would serve the time in the civil
jail in Manhattan, where many of
the inmates are in for nonsupport
and failure to pay alimony.
adjusted annual rate of only 848,
This was about half the annual
rate at the start of the year-.61
million in January.
Larry Blackmon of Fort Worth,
Tex., president of the National
Association of Home Builders and
a sharp critic of Johnson admin-
istration mortgage policy, said he
was "deeply distressed" by the
The administration, he added,
has delayed too long use of a bil-
lion dollars in special mortage as-
sistance approved by Congress'
three months ago forthe Federal
National Mortgage Association.
May Get Worse
Government officials anticipate
an upturn in home building activ-
ity early next year but there are
indications conditions would get
even worse in the immediate fu-
The Census Bureau said building
permits issued during October
were off almost 2 per cent from
September's level to a seasonally
adjusted annual rate of 719,000.
Building permits issued in one
month formally reflect the trend
of home building .activity in the
A department spokesman said
that' tight money and high inter-
est have had a profound influence
on the housing slump.
Down 41 Per Cent t
The builder's association said
the flow of .funds during. the first
10 months of this year to the four
major mortgage lending instit.-
tions--commercial banks, savings
and loan associations, life insur-
ance companies, and mutual
savings banks-is 41 per cent be-
low the same period of last year.
Congress had approved a 4.76-
bilion mortage lending program,
administered by the Federal Na-
tional Mortgage Association.It has
delayed using the final billion of
this until, it has said, the effects
,of the $3.76 billion it has already
begun using can be assessed.
GRAND RAPIDS - Some3501
students walked out of a pre-
dominantly Negro high school
Wednesday after a ban was im-
posed on mustaches, but most of
them returned to classes today.
The school board, in an emer-
gency meeting after the walkout,
warned students to call off their
boycott or face possible suspen-
Bagels and Lox Luncheon
This Sunday at 1:00 P.M.
DR. HERBERT PAPER
Chairman, Linguistic Dept.
Members free Others 50c
1429 Hill St. Hillel Social
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"non-fadism" check into
Check with GREG HAYWARD at the SAE House.
It doesn't cost to try a pair on you know.
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