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November 17, 1966 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1966-11-17

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idan t Dily
Seventy-Sixth Year
EDrrED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNwvERsrrY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH. NEWS PHONE: 764-0552
TthWillPrai
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted in all reprints.

PERSPECTIVES The Move Past Impotence
By HARVEY WASSERMAN

I

THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1966

NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT KLIVANS

Which Will We Have:
Concessions or Riots?

THERE IS A TIDE in the affairs of men,
and it nay soon reach flood level at
the University. Ndbody wants a Berkeley
here--check,,that, some of the more ar-
rogant Voice. members would probably en-
joy one-but still looks like it might just
happen. And soon.'
There, is revolt. in the air. Throughout
the country the name of the game seems
to , be student dissatisfaction. There is
reason ,for this: the sterility of the cul-
ture and especially the frustration of the
college experience for so many. One
comes to college to become fulfilled and
it. doesn't happen; prospects of finding
"meaning" outside the campus in the
"real world" seem equally dim.
Ours is a combustible generation. And
the administration presently is setting
off potentially dangerous sparks.
T E RECORD SGC vote turnout yester-
day, indicates the excited mood of the
campus. Students have taken their
amorphous discontent, their "gripes," and
focused it on something specific: Rich-
ard Cutler.
Voice wilt-probably 'sit-in soon. Many
of the more moderate students feel a
kind of moral obligation to do something
dramatic to shov their own discontent
with the drift of administrative action
since the HUAC disclosures.
It is not, only the students. Some of
the more vocal faculty believe that they
also have a moral obligation to make a
stand in a university that they feel has
somehow lost its equilibrium, whose pow-
er is subtly becoming deranged.
According to one professor, "this is a
real bind. We're caught between open re-
volt and passive acquiescence to some-
thing that we don't think is right."
RICHARD L. CUTLER has become the
villain. This is ironic, and perhaps un-
fortunate for he assumed the vice-presi-
dency for student affairs heralded as an
ideal choice by all sectors of the Univer-
sity. Nevertheless, today he is a figure
surrounded by controversy; he has be-
come a rallying cry for the more dissi-
dent people on campus. Cutler today is a
"heavy" and if revolution comes to the
University it will be fought in his name.
Cutler is discussed these days in such
emotional terms that they often bear
little resemblance "to reality. As a result
of some bad decisions-both substantive
and procedural-he has incurred wrath
throughout the University.
~He has become George III amidst the
righteously indignant colonists. Now is a
-good tine-to cool things down.
CUTLERS BAN on sit-ins was not a
good move. Sit-ins have been so rare,
have been undertaken by such a tiny per-
centage of the. University body, and are
usually greeted with such universal dis-
pleasure that they do not represent a
Cris 1n1 th
TNSION BETWEEN,, Israel and the
M7ab nations of the Middle East; is
building in the aftermath of Israel's
Violent retaliation for recurring border
crossings by terrorists from Jordan.
There is a growing probability of an
- armed confrontation between Israel and
the Arab states despite all calls by these
groups for -settlement of differences cur-
rently under consideration by the United
Nations.
HEPROBLEMl is a growing one.
The current Security ;Council session
cohcerning' the Arab-Israel question is

the third such meeting since July. It is
considering the attack which Israel
mounted last Sunday to retaliate for ter-
rorist border raids from- Jordan. With
tanks and French-built Mirage fighter
jets, y they crossed the Jordanian border
in daylight and pushed ,with little oppo-
sition to' three nearby villages. The in-
vaders ordered the eVacuation of the
villages, blew up about 40 buildings and
then retreated lback across the border.
Jordan labeled Israel's attack a "naked
act of aggression" and it seemed for a
time that a full scale battle between
Jordan and Israel would develop because
of this incident.
But Jordan's leaders realized that they

serious problem to the University com-
munity. Cutler over-reacted to a prob-
lem which is more nuisance than threat,
and in doing so he has created tension.
Cutler had the right to make the rule.
Power given him by the Regents allows
him to unilaterally institute any restric-
tions on student behavior he deems nec-
essary. But, banning sit-ins reeks of au-
thoritarianism. Moreover, it could serve
as an in-road to more serious restrictions
of student rights.
HOWEVER, Cutler's most serious mis-
take was his timing, his striking in-
sensitivity to the anti-administration hos-
tility lingering from the HUAC disclos-
ures and the fear that his increased pow-
er might be abused. His failure to con-
suit with the students-he told SGC days
prior to his sit-in action that he intend-
ed to make no new rules regarding stu-
dent behavior-on recent questions, seem-
ed to confirm these fears.
SGC's move earlier this week, threat-
ening to withdraw from the OSA, shows
how bad the situation has become.
But the proper action now is not to
castigate, but to de-escalate. There is
no logical reason why this campus should
face a crisis. It is in nobody's best inter-
est for there to be a Berkeley in Ann Ar-
bor.
HOW TO COOL DOWN the situation?
The first thing to realize is that Dr.
Cutler believes that his actions are gen-
uinely in the best interests of the Uni-
versity. The campus. must stop looking
at Cutler as a "bigger-than-life bad guy."
He isn't.
But Dr. Cutler must now make some
kind of concession to the student body
and faculty. His face desperately needs
saving, and he can do it best by admit-
ting an error, and bringing students back
into the dialogue.
Tonight SGC meets to finalize its
proposals conceriing withdrawal from the
OSA. This is the moment and the place
for Cutler to bring his basic intention-
which is to make the University an in-
stitution conducive to student develop-
ment and maturity-back into line with
his actions.
He should rescind the sit-in ban to-
night. And SGC should accept in good
spirit-not as a victory for itself or for
special interests, but as a victory for the
entire University.
BUT IF THIS doesn't happen, if there
is no concession at all from the OSA
and Cutler, this campus may see bad
times. For the moderate element, the
non-arrogant left but unequivocally
liberal elements, have become disturbed
by the tone of what has been happening
here.
And they seem ready to act.
-NEIL SHISTER

IT IS IMPORTANT to realize
that Student Government Coun-
cil has been a detriment and not
an aid to the student voice. Its
existence in and under the Office
of Student Affairs has given that
office its paper legitimacy-as long
as there was a student govern-
ment there, the OSA could claim
to be representing student in-
terests.
But it has never performed that
function in fact. The "channels
of communication" provided by
the OSA have in fact been a one-
way street from the administra-
tion building, and there has been
no communication - unless you
consider a stream of executive
decisions, postponements, half-
truths, and pressure a legitimate
form of communication.
MONDAY NIGHT SGC formally
recognized the problem. It decided.
that providing the touchstone for
the only paper embodiment of
participation was no longer a good
idea when, in fact, real partici-
pation was a joke.

Now, in turn, without the legi-
timacy of SGC, it is the Office of
Student Affairs that is the joke.
It isnot pleasant for anyone
when such things happen, but
worse is when such things are
necessary and don't happen. One
need only read a small part of the
history of OSA-SGC relations -
executive delays in SGC actions
despite months of consultation,
failing to consult with SGC on the
subpoena of organization lists,
passing regulations of conduct
without consulting SGC despite
assurances that such consultation
would occur-to know that SGC's
existence has been a tool for only
one interested party. One can only
wonder why such action did not
come long ago.
BECAUSE THE University has
indicated that it will neither re-
peal the substance nor the senti-
ment of its new sit-in regulation,
the official break tonight is mere
detail. If Council does not follow
through, it is dead. Any organi-
zation which recognizes the prob-

lem at hand, collects popular sup-
port around a specific course of
action, and then fails to take that
action, is dead.
There are, unfortunately, a
number of complications sur-
rounding the issue. First, the break
is without personality conflicts.
The Office of Student Affairs is
not an individual phenomenon on
this campus-it does not act as
an entity unto itself, but as an
organ of administrative and Re-
gental dictum.
That is precisely why the job of
this Vice President for Student
Affairs has been an impossible one
-that office has been designated
to serve as the enforcer of admin-
istrative decisions while still be-
ing nominally the representative
of student interests. The Vice
President had only to go one way
or the other-there was no flexi-
bility.
WITH THAT understanding, a
number of tactical implications
come clear. If the argument that
"we must not alienate the admin-

istration and Regents" is to be of
use, then one must assume that
something in the present relation-
ship will bring those two bodies
to yield something.
That assumption is simply-not
valid. The present structure has
been conscientiously strained to
the limits. If the administration
were at all sympathetic, the OSA
would be acting in good faith. If
the Regents were sympathetic,
then Ed Robinson would be speak-
ing at their meetings, and they
would not have allowed the ad-
ministration to proceed so reso-
lutely in the opposite direction
from student participation.
To say that they "are not aware
of the problems" is to be naive.
Two months before the Sesqui-
centennial year, smack in the mid-
dle of a crucial $55 million drive,
the last thing the powers of this
University are is unaware.
WHAT THEY are unaware of is
that the student body is serious
about establishing participatory
and representative rights for itself.

Only when that is established can
one talk of preserving student
power. Given the make-up of this
particular administration, the es-
tablishment of that fact has ne-
cessitated substantial and dra-
matic action - and it will need
more.
Unfortunately, at this time the
issue of sending class rank, with
all its implications for national
draft policy and the Viet Nam vwar,
has been tied to the issue of stu-
dent participation. I am writing
at too early an hour to know
whether or not the referendum
has passed. If it fails, the issue
will appear somewhat clearer. If
it passes, some energy will have
to be expended to make sure that
the real issue of student partici-
pation is clearly defined.
BUT WHETHER the confronta-
tion comes on the referendum or
on the latest OSA dictation, the
administration has defined the
fight in terms of power. And,
because it is their game. power it
must be.

*r

Power Politics: Irrelevant in Europe

WHAT STRUCK ME most in
Western Europe was how far
theory has been overtaken and
surpassed by the facts. The ideas
and issues we have been so hot
and bothered about during my life-
time have in these days become
largely irrelevant, like old maps of
cities that are being rebuilt or
the snapshots and the invitations
and the theatre programs which
we accumulated when we were
young.
The old fighting faiths have fad-
ed out, and for the generation
that has grown up since the war
they are for the most part curiosi-
ties that are no longer interesting.
THE MODERN WORLD, as I am
using the term, is the world that
is being shaped by the new indus-
trial revolution of this century.
Its coreeis, ofgcourse, the very
rapid technological advance, in-
deed explosion, which includes the
whole gamut of inventions from
the jet engine and computers to
the synthetic fibers and the con-
traceptives, the almost indescrib-
able multitude of products of nu-
clear, electronic, chemical, metal-
lurgical, medical and agricultural
ingenuity.
An integral element of the new
industrial revolution is the grow-
ing knowledge of how to manage
a modern economy for the pro-
motion of progressive affluence.

IN THE ADVANCED countries
the kind of life men are living
today was not even imagined when
they were still at school. There-
fore they are not prepared for it.
Because their ideas are out of
date while their lives are being
changed so rapidly, modern men'
are driven to concentrate their at-
tention and their energies on work-
ing out the detailed consequences
of change for themselves and their
families.
They have -become, they have
had to become, "pragmatic" in the
sense that they deal with the de-
tails of living and making a liv-
ing and have put aside the great
world. They do not have the am-
bition to participate in history and
to shape the future.
Mdoern men are predominant-
ly' isolationist. They are preoccu-
pied with the more immediate
things which may help or hurt
them. Their state of mind is mark-
ed by a vast indifference to big
issues, and in this indifference
there is a feeling that they are
incompetent to do much about the
big issues.
THIS INDIFFERENTISM can
best be understood, I think, by
noting how the conflict between
capitalism and Communism, which
has dominated so much of the
world's public passion for 50 years,
is being transformed by the evo-
lution of events.

Today
and
Tomorrow
By WALTER LIPPMANN
The technological revolution of
our time has made obsolete "cap-
italism" as it was understood at
the beginning of this century, as
it is still understood by romantic
reactionaries like Barry Goldwat-
er. And "Communism" as it was
conceived by Lenin or by Marx
before him does not describe what
is actually going on in the Soviet
Union.
There are now so many vari-
ties of social organization - in
the United States, France, Ger-
many, Scandinavia, Yugoslavia
and the Soviet Union itself-that
only a pedant or a fanatic could
pretend to draw a line where the
market economy ends and central
planning begins. The differences
between capitalism and Commu-
nism are ceasing to be ideological
and are becoming increasingly
managerial and technical.
THE TORRENT of changes has
washed away the foundations of
the structures built up because of
the cold war. Thus, when the Com-
mon Market was conceived after

World War II, it was thought of
as the core of a new Western an-
ti-Communist state which would
stand guard as a great power
against Eastern Europe and the
Soviet Union. That'conception has
been generally abandoned, and the
Common Market has been cut
down to a size where it is a suc-
cessful Western European econom-
ic union which may, indeed should,
be opened and enlarged to in-
clude more and more of Europe.
There has also been a decay of
the NATO military establishment.
Men have simply ceased to believe
what they took for granted when,
under Gen. Dwight Eisenhower as
supreme commander, the NATO
establishment was put together.
The proof of this is that the Unit-
ed States, Britain and Germany
are arguing about the exchange
costs of their troops. If they real-
ly believed those troops were vi-
tal to their security, the argument
would be regarded as disgraceful.
ALONG WITH the decay of such
a great and reputable postwar in-
stitution as the NATO establish-
ment, there is a resounding in-
difference and lack of interest in
the traditional rhetoric of power
politics. The old notions of the
Western white man's burden and
his duty to run the world and save
it-a notion which has, taken in-
numerable forms-has, with negli-

gible exceptions, ceased to interest
Europeans.
It can be said with some truth
that the reason Europeans are no
longer interested in imperial prob-
lems is that they have lost their
empires. But that is not the whole
truth. They have learned that the
white man's burden has become
an unbearable burden in the world
that has come into existence since
World War IL
Because of the obsolescence of
the power politics of the 19th cen-
tury and the early 20th; the id-
iom of American diplomacy today
often sounds as if it belonged to
the horse-and-buggy age. There
is not much virulent anti-Amer-
icanism in Western Europe. But
there is a widespread distaste for
our moral pretensions and a rude
tendency to judge our exhorta-
tions and our advice by their ma-
terial content alone, conceding to
us little extra credit and influ-
ence for truth and wisdom.
THIS LAMENTABLE pondition
is due, I think, to the fact that
since President Kennedy's death
our foreign policy has been con-
ducted by men whose minds were
formed and whose convictions
hardened about 25 years ago.
So I come back home thinking
how much we have to do in order
to catch up with the world that is
passing us by.
(c), 1966, The Washington Post Co.

Letterfs: Teaching Fellows Support SGC

4jt

e Middle East

and that they would presently have no
chance by themselves against the effi-
cient army of Israel. They therefore
went to the United Nations with their
claims.
IT NOW APPEARS that Jordan is hop-
ing to gain support for a coalition
strike. There have been calls for an all-
Arab alliance including Syria, which has
allegiances with the Soviet Union and
Egypt. In addition, Jordan has already
decided to reevaluate an offer from Iraq
for a military alliance which it has pre-
viously rejected. There have been calls
by the press for an all-Arab alliance, in-
cluding Syria, which has alliances with
the Soviet Union and Egypt.
But the chances of such a total alli-
ance are not great as there is a deep
political rift between Jordan, which
would side with Saudi Arabia, and the
Syrian alliance.
If there is no Arab combine, adou-
ble coalition will still most likely form,
threatening Israel from both sides.
Therefore, Israel is under considerable
pressure, and it needs the diversion of
high-level security talks to mask plan-
ning of new strategy and bargaining for
new allies in the face of such huge Arab
threat. Israel is girding for a fight and
they expect action soon, but how soon

To the Editor:
AS BOTH students and teachers,
we deplore the recent high-
handed tactics of Richard Cutler,
vice-president for student affairs,
nullifying legal methods of col-
lective influence, i.e., the refer-
endum on class ranking, and abol-
ishing the sit-in as an extra-
legal recourse to action.
As teachers, we resent Cutler's
denial of the students' civil liber-
ties, because it undercuts our ef-
forts to encourage students to be-
come responsible, self-directing
human beings. -As students, we
watch with alarm the gradual ero-
sion of our ability to influence
those who make the decisions
which affect our,: lives. We re-
sent the implication that we lack
the maturity to be responsible ci-
tizens in the University commu-
nity.
The University, as represented
through the actions of Richard
Cutler, seems to be perpetuating
the "traditions" which .isolate the
student from meaningful politi-
cal activities, and we weel that
this can only have further delibi-
tating effects on the student's con-
ception of himself as an agent of
social change.
IN THE EVENT that the stu-
dent body votes to abolish class
rankings, we feel that this deci-
sion should be binding on the Uni-
versity. If the University refuses
to acknowledge this, we shall sup-
port the position of Voice politi-
cal party, Student Government
Council and other interested per-
sons to force recognition of stu-
dent opinion.
We want to make clear, however,
that whether or not the referen-
dum passes is not the central is-
sue for us. Our position is clear
and unequivocal: abridgement of
personal freedom is not tolerable
in our University community. At
the present time, we are consider-
ing alternative courses of action
in support of our statement.
We call on other teaching fel-
lows to join with us in address-
ing themselves to the issues.

Funny Coincidence
Department
(The following is a partial text of two accounts concerning
the Defense Department's recommendations to the University con-
cerning broadening equal opportunities under the Civil Rights Act.)

Students unite !
To the Editor:
I CHOSE grad work at this uni-
versity instead of a competing
institution in a neighboring state
not only for academic reasons but
because I was proud of my alma
mater's record on freedom of ex-
pression, press and assembly. I
could not face being part of a
place like OSU where the right
of dissent and protest is being
swallowed by aniadministration
which is acting in a tyrannical
fashion.

Is the same thing happening
here? Our administration has fall-
en very neatly into the trap the
radical element wished it to-in
fact, has taken some giant steps
toward chaos itself-i.e., releasing
names to HUAC.
DEAR FELLOW middle-ager's,
why not admit a sad mistake,
apologize to students and faculty
and open the door to a real dia-
logue-not a confrontation?
I have, observed the Antioch
College community for several

years. There students, faculty and
administration form a real work-
ing group. All are deeply involv-
ed in the decision-making proc-
ess. And these are decisions vital
to all areas of college life. The
administrative council includes
both faculty and students: com-
munity council likewise.
Of course it's not easy: the
price of community is palaver.
Talk goes on and'on and on some-
times before the sense of the meet-
ing arrives ! But it is talk - not
youthful rebellion and adult back-
lash. Theeplace is in a continual
healthy ferment.
AND STUDENTS, I have been
with you on countless picket lines
and demonstrations on peace and
civil rights issues. I shall continue
to be with you-an exception to
the above 30 rule! But may I cau-
tion forbearance?
Try a vigil first-not a sit-in.
For it is in the spirit of grief-
real mourning at the breakdown.
of communications which has oc-
curred, that the whole university
community should approach this
crisis.
I shall mourn with you and as-
sure you I'll stay through even if it
becomes a confrontation. At the
point of going to jail, I may have
to screen myself out-I have three
children. On second thought, per-
haps I'll ask Vice-President Cutler
to baby sit through my jail con-
finement.
I need to read Thoreau and
Emerson and meditate on self-
reliance and individualism and Mr.
Cutler might conclude that deal-
ing with the unapathetic genera-
tion is far easier than living with
6, 8, and 13-year-olds!
-Mrs. Carlene Blanchard, Grad
Voice Statement
To the Editor:
VOICE-SDS strongly supports
SGC in its move to declare in-
dependence from control of the
Office of Student Affairs and Vice-
President Cutler. We reaffirm our

move, and invite other student or-
ganizations on campus to Join in
the movement for student control
over student affairs.
VOICE-SDS
Referendum
To the Editor:
WENT to the balloting place
Wednesday, obtained a ballot, 0
marked it as well as I could. No
one will find out my opinion,
from that ballot.
I marked choice number 4 in
part 2A because I believe that
economic incentives to serve in
the armed forces should replace 0
conscription. But if there must be
conscription, why can't I voice my
opinion on how it should work
out?
A note in choice 4 instructed
me not tovote on part 2B. Evi-
dently those who don't believe in
conscription are to be ignored if
they want to express an opinion
on what they would prefer if they
have to put up with conscription.
BUT PERHAPS I shouldn't com-
plain: I wouldn't have voted in
part 2B anyway. Why? My opin-
ion isn't expressed there.
Is it a strange and outlandish
opinion? I don't think so - it
happens to be the present system
under which only conscientious
objectors should be permitted to
avoid service in the armed forces.
Choice 1 certainly doesn't give
the option ("all those chosen:
should serve in the armed forc-
es."). But neither does choice 2
("all those chosen: should be able
to serve in the armed forces or
have forms of alternative .govern-
ment approved service open to
them in lieu of serving in the 4
armed forces.").
I don't think that everyone
chosen should be able to get out
of serving in the armed forces-
only conscientious objectors. Is
such a choice not permitted?
AN MAVBE it wuldn't have

"The Defense Department's rec-
ommendations were made public
just a week after five Tuskegee
Institute faculty members visit-
ed the U-M campus to continue
implementation of the three-year-
old exchange program between'
the two schools.
"At present nine Tuskegee stu-
dents are enrolled in U-M, three
more than a year ago.,.
"Between 50 and 60 students in
the honors program at Tuskegee
will visit U-M during the Tuske-
gee semester break late next Jan-
uary to examine U-M's honors pro-
gram, attend classes and take part
in other cultural and academic
activities in the Ann Arbor area
"The Defense Department rec-
ommendations became public while
one of the University's recruiters,
-Robert Marion, was criss-cross-
ing Michigan in quest of quali-
fied Negro students - his usual
job.
"Marion, a Negro from Muske-
gon Heights, who once played foot-
ball for U-M, is assistant director
of admissions.
"I', -. ,d'f ,czhigh rhnr, ~~with

"The Pentagon recommendations
were made public just a week aft-
er five Tuskegee Institute faculty
members came to the U-M cam-
pus under the three-year-old fac-
ulty exchange program between
the two schools.
"At present there are nine Tus-
kegee students enrolled at the U-
M, three more than a year ago.
Between 50 and 60 honor stu-
dents from the Negro school will
visit Ann Arbor in January to at-
tend classes and examine the hon-
ors program.
"The U-M, according to (Exec-
utive Vice-President Marvin L.)
Niehuss, has been making an ef-
fort to recruit Negro students from
throughout the state. Robert Mar-
ion, U-M assistant director of ad-
missions and a Negro who came
here from Muskegon, is criss-cross-
ing the state visiting high schools
with large Negro enrollments in
attempt (sic) to get Negroes to
enroll at the U-M.
"At present there are 91 Negro
freshmen enrolled under the U-M
Opportunity Award Program,

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