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November 16, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-11-16

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Strange Chinese Alliance Causing Serious


Associated Press Special Correspondent
HONG KONG-China's bypass-
ed generation is stirring restlessly.
Young men beyond the age of
20 dislike the prospect of what
they see as a strange alliance be-
tween the old and the very young,
suggests one of them, a young
! former Red Chinese army officer
who fled the main land only two
years ago.
The very old are the top leaders
of the Politburo. Their average
age is somewhere above 60. The
very young are 'the teen age Red
Guards, the rampaging youngsters
the old men are using today as
a political weapon.

In between is a generation by-
passed in a grim power struggle
at the top in Peking. That gen-
eration includes the many millions
in the Young Communist League.
It is now virtually dismantled,
probably because its members were
too mature to be used in the way
the Red Guards are used to push
what the new leaders, headed by
Defense Minister Lin Piao, call the
"great proletarian cultural revolu-
The young officer said there was
no question in his mind but that
Red China now is in deep crisis
and that if it continues on its
present course it could lead to col-
lapse of the regime. But, knowing

his Chinese brethren, he did not
feel that the regime would col-
lapse. When the danger became
too acute, he predicted, there
would be a compromise.
Much of what is going on-and
has been going on for some years
now in the slowly unfolding power
struggle-is unpopular, he said.
But one development is generally
welcomed among the Chinese.
Russians Disliked
"It was good to get rid of the
Russians," he said with an air of
grim satisfaction. "It was good to
get rid of foreign domination."
If he is a sample of Chinese
thinking, there never was any love
for the Russians. Even his fellow

officers, he said, welcomed the
split although some professionals
regretted the lose of Soviet mili-
tary assistance.
"The break came from Chinese
national spirit, and we all thought
that China should be built up in a
spirit of self reliance."
Less Restriction Wanted
Speaking through an inter-
preter, the ex officer said that
when he left mainland China he
felt the people were not happy,
that they were hoping for political
and economic changes. Mostly, the
literate element wanted less re-
strictions on their individual lives.
This did not mean, he added,
that collectivization was consid-

ered wrong. China for ages has
been accustomed to collectiviza-
tion, but he felt the people wanted
it only with a framework of more
individual liberty.
"This didn't mean we wanted
Chiang Kai Shek of Nationalist
China back," he added quickly,
even though he judged things for
many had been better before 1949
than they are today.
Dislikes Communism
What he did not want-and one
of the reasons he fled-was so
much control over the individual
by the state, such as in the "peo-
ple's communes."
The Chinese people in general,
he said, did not think highly of

the Communists or communism,
but didn't think highly of the
Americans either. His friends
tended to believe that Americans
were aggressors and that they are
threatening China's security.
He finally decided to flee Red
nhina when one of ,his idols, a
famous writer, was denounced and
purged. This sort of attack on
Zhinese culture, he said, was a
shock to him and to most Chinese
intellectuals. The Chinese for cen-
turies have venerated their cul-
ture and respected their wise men.
Party Control
Speaking hesitantly, almost re-
luctantly, he suggested that the
Chinese Communist party organ-

ization is such that it is capable,
even in time of internal crisis, of
keeping the country under control.
Should it be in danger of not
being able to, he said, a comprom-
ise would be reached.
The Red Guards movement de-
veloped after he left his country.
He professed dismay at the pros-
pect, looking upon the organiza-
tion as a tool of political power,
blindly obeying the leaders who
are capable of manipulating it.
Marxism Outdated
Gradually, he seemed sure,
China would pull out of its pres-
ent state of chaos. And gradually,
too; he added, China will develop

its own system, even though it
might be a Communist system.
"Marxism is outdated," he
snorted. Mao Tse tung is no Marx-
ist. For a Chinese to say he is
Marxist Leninist is to talk non-
sense. Marxism Leninism is a for-
eign idea. If there is going to be
communism, it should be Chinese
About the people-they don't
care what the system is called.
What they long for most is some-
thing better than bare subsistence,
a better living standard.
Perhaps, eventually, he seemed
to suggest, the bypassed genera-
tion will take a hand.

Gemini Orbit
Ends Series.
Longest Space Walk,
Agena Docking Score
Triumphant Finish
world's champion Gemini 12 pilots,
chipper after four days aloft,
plunged home "right on the
noney" yesterday after dramatic-
ally writing the final chapter in
a historic project that led Amer-
ica to the portal of the moon.
"We tried hard to please every-
body," declared Edwin E. Buzz
Aldrin Jr., who spent more time
outside a spaceship than any
other human. "I hope we've come
halfway there."
"We're both happy to end the
Gemini program with a success,
his flying partner,.Navy Capt.
James A. Lovell Jr. told 2,700
sailors and a nationwide television
audience viewing the recovery
Successful Program
Project Gemini, a $1.3 billion
forerunner to America-s man-to-
the-moon program, came to its
triumphant end within sight of
the giant carrier Wasp as it
,hurned through the fabled Sar-
gasso Sea.
Lovell and Aldrin dropped into
the gently swelling ocean at 2:22
p.m. EST, and within half an hour
were strolling the deck of the ship,
shaking hands and waving as a
Marine band boomed out an en-
thusiastic "Anchors Aweight"
w Behind them was a bold journey
that lasted 59 trips around the
world and spanned 1.6 million
Problems and Records
Gemini 12, though plagued by
a series of minor problems, ac-
complished its major goals, in-
cluding rendezvous and link-up
with an Agena rocket, with little
Among its records were:
-The world's longest walk in
space. Aldrin spent 2 hours and 9
minutes ambling around the world
of the spacewalker while answer-
ing some baffling questions about
man's ability to work outside. He
prov'ed it could be done, so long as
a man has the right equipment
and rests frequently.
-Most time spent outside. He
logged a total of 5 hours and 36
minutes exposed to space, includ-
i ing his walk, and two times he
poked his head through the hatch
to take a series of photographs.
-The longest single excursion.
One of his "space stands" lasted
2 hours, 29 minutes, although he
did not actually leave the vehicle.
-The first time any man ever
thrust his body through a space-
craft hatch into the ocean of void
three separate times. Most space
flight time.
Re-entry on TV
"We've got you on the boob
tube television," barked Navy
Cmdr. Charles Conrad Jr. as he
Sspotted the bright orange and
white parachute descending out of
the clouds. "You look good!"
Blackened by the searing heat'
generated by friction with the at-
mosphere, Gemini 12 swayed gent-
ly beneath the " giant 'chute as it
deRecovery took place in the area
of the Sargasso Sea some 700 miles
southeast of Cape Kennedy Mar-
iners once considered the area a
graveyard for ships because it was
infested with seaweed. A gentle
breeze blew the ocean into about
three-foot waves.
Aiming for accuracy, Lovell ask-
ad two hours before the homeward

trip how far 'the Wasp would be
from the target point. The space-
craft came down 2/2 miles from
the ship.

Claim Five Communist Ranks Split Over

-Associated Press
GEMINI 12 ATRONAUTS Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin, Jr. and James A.
Lovtll, Jr. make a pinpoint landing in the Atlantic southeast of
Cape Kennedy after a four-day space mission.
U.S. Turns Full A ttention

Bad Weather Liiits
U.S. Bombing Raids
On North Viet Nam
SAIGON, South Viet Nam (P)
The loss of five U.S. helicopters
to enemy gunners was announced
yesterday by the American com-
mand. Contact between U.S. and
Communist troops was reported
only light and scattered.
The fourth straight day of badl
weather limited air missions Mon-
day against North Viet Nam to 58,
about one-third the usual number.
Eight bridges, eight barges and
seven trucks were among objec-
tives officially described as de-
stroyed or damaged. A Hanoi
broadcast, unconfirmed here, said
one jet was shot down.
Three of the five downed heli-
copters were lost in Tay Ninh
Province of War Zone C, 60 miles
northwest of Saigon, where the
largest U.S. force of the war has
been committed to rooting out the
hard-core Viet Cong 9th Division.
The U.S. Command said fuse-
lages of the three UHID choppers
were recovered, but there was no
information concerning their mis-
sion or casualties. The two other
helicopters were lost to ground fire
Monday near Da Nang, 380 miles
northeast of Saigon. Three men
were killed and two injured. Three
escaped injury. All told, the loss
of 223 helicopters over the repub-
lis has been announced.
Spokesmen said the Viet Cong
attacked two militia outposts 48
miles west of Saigon, killing seven
defenders. Also killed were four
women and three children, depen-
dents of militiamen. The govern-
ment said 40 Viet Cong perished.
Destroyers Used
Two U.S. - Navy destroyers,
backed by planes, shelled and
silenced North Vietnamese shore
batteries about 75 miles during
the war. It was the third an-
nounced Navy shelling of the
north during the war.
Aside from the loss of three
helicopters, only light contact was
reported throughout War Zone C,
where 30,000 U.S. troops continued
their vigorous search sweeps.
To date the operation, known
as Attleboro, has turned up 949
enemy dead-roughly equal to two
battalions, the U.S. Command
said. Nearly 1,500 tons of rice,
23,000 hand grenades, and tons of
salt weapons and equipment have
been found by troops probing un-
derground Viet Cong supply and
command complexes.
B-52 bombers from Guam struck
at suspected enemy holdings with-
in the zone for the sixth straight
day, supplementing attacks by
lighter tactical craft.

SOFIA, Bulgarria (P)-Disagree-
ment developed yesterday in Com-
munist ranks on two issues, Viet
Nam and how to deal with Red
China's nonconformist ways.
On Viet Nam, a difference emer-
ged between Soviet bloc nations
that are taking a quiet line in
hopes of getting peace talks start-
ed and those reiterating the un-
yielding demands of North Viet
On China, a Soviet-inspired ef-
fort to organize a world Commu-
nist conference that would read
Peking out of orthodox, Moscow-
brand Marxism ran into opposi-
Rumania Opposed
Romania led the opposition to{
the Soviet position on both counts.
General Secretary Leonid I.
Brezhnev of the Soviet Communist
party, in an. address to the con-
gress, mentioned Viet Nam only
briefly, accusing the United States
of aggression and promising Soviet
Viet Nam Discussed
This followed the recent quiet
line that, according to Communist
sources,.indicates a desire to move
Hanoi toward peace talks. The
:osition in Moscow and some East
European capitals has been that
bombing of North Viet Nam must
halt, but one Bulgarian source
said even this might not be re-
quired to begin talks.
Speaking after Brezhnev, Sec-
retary-General Nicolae Ceausescu
of Romania's Communist party
hit the hard line.
He demanded not only a halt to

U.S. raids but also "an end to the
aggression in Viet Nam" and an
.merican withdrawal from Viet
This is thle position that Hanoi
has repeated several times since
the Soviet line softened.
China Denounced
Disagreement on China, which
Brezhnev denounced for obstruc-
ting Soviet bloc aid to Hanoi, also;

emerged from Ceausescu's speech.
First Secretary Todor Zhivkov
9f the Bulgarian Communist party
opened the congress with a call
for a world Communist conference
to establish unity rather than
"deepen disagreement and in-
crease the danger of a split."
However, China has said it will
have nothing to do with Soviet
bloc ideas of unity.

Flint Elects Negro Mayor,
Moderate on Racial Issues

FLINT, Mich. (A')-Floyd J. Mc-
Cree, a soft-spoken foundry fore-
man, is the first Negro mayor of
this southeast Michigan industrial
city of 200,000.
He was elected Monday night at
the City Commission meeting
where he went to begin a fifth
term as Jrd Ward commissioner.
McRee said that he never
dreamed he would be mayor of
any city, let alone one as big as
Racial Views
McCree says he is moderate on
racial issues. He has in the past
spoken against alleged police bru-
tality in Flint, but has praised the
work of the police department on
other occasions.
He is a strong advocate of open
housing and. equal employment
McCree has his own definition
of "black power," the term used
by Stokley Carmichael, chairman

ly, Project Gemini is history. Now
the United States turns full at-
tention to the greatest space ad-
venture of all-the Apollo man-
to-the-moon program.
In January or February, if pres-
ent mechanical problems are
solved, the first three-man Apollo
crew is to rocket into orbit, start-
ing a long series of flights aimed
at a manned lunar landing in
1968 or 1969.
Gemini was a major step to-
ward the moon, spanning the gap
between the pioneering Mercury
program and Apollo.
In 20 months it sent 20 men
into space, qualifying them for
Apollo trips and teaching them the
techniques required for lunar voy-
Apollo's Troubles
Two months ago, National Aer-
onautics and Space Administra-
tion officials spoke optimistically
of conducting the first manned
Apollo earth orbit flight this
It slipped to December and now
is scheduled for Jan. 17. But
many officials expect a further
delay until February.
Spacecraft Designed
The problems lie in the space-
craft, a roomy vehicle that will
accommodate three men and even
provide them with beds. En route
to the moon, the Apollo will weigh

Viet Nam Peace Talks, China

onr rogran
94,000 pounds, compared with the
8,000-pound Gemini.
Equipment Developed
A water boiler, designed for
cooling the cabin during peak
heat loads, encountered difficul-
ty with metal plates clogging. The
nickel plates are being replaced by
ones made of stainless steel.
Fuel tanks for the maneuvering
engine are being replaced because
the original ones became contami-
nated by methyl alcohol during a
Saturn Rocket
These troubles, plus a major
one with the Saturn 5 man-to-the-
moon rocket, have dimmed the
possibility of a 1968 lunar landing.
But some NASA officials believe
it can be done then, nearly two
years earlier than the 1970 goal
set by the late President John F.
The second stage of the Saturn
5 has run into a batch of prob-
lems. As a result, the first un-
manned test flight of the huge
rocket has been delayed from Jan-
uary until March or April. This
behemoth, with 7.5 million pounds
of booster thrust, generates the
power of' 6,000 Boeing 707 jet
The smaller Saturn 1, with one-
fifth the power of Saturn 5, will
be the booster for the initial Apol-
lo flights.

World News Roundup

of the Student Non-violent Coor-
dinating Committee.
"To me," he said, "'black power'
means that people are voting and
that they are afforded the same
privileges as all other people."
"Primarily," he said, "what the
Negro wants is to get into the
mainstream of today's society, not
to take anything over."
Other Issues
McCree says the racial climate
in Flint is good. but he is con-
cerned with issues other than
those stemming from race.
In his race for re-election,
fluoridation of the water supply
was the major issue.
McCree, a strong advocate of
fluoridation, ran 7-1 ahead of his
anti-fluoridation opponent.
McCree's election as mayor came
unexpectedly as a last-minute
drive by his supporters enabled,
him to defeat one-term incumbent.
Harry Cull, 5 votes to 4.
Urban League
McCree is president of the Flint
Urban League and a member of
the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People.
He was nominated as a favorite-
son candidate for lieutenant gov-
ernor by a two-county delegation
at the Democratic state conven-
tion last summer.
Until he was made a foreman
two years ago, McCree worked on
an assembly line in the General
Motors Buick Division foundry. He
lives in Flint with his wife and
four children.
Free New Testament
English-or-Yiddish or complete
Bible (Old and New Testaments)
for Jewish readers.
Other literature available
Christian Intormation
P.O. Box 1048, Rochester, N.Y. 14603

LBJ Feeling
Well on Eve
Of Operation
President Tends to
Last Minute Business,
Signs Last of Bills
WASHINGTON (o) - President
Johnson tended to last-minute
White House business yesterday
and said he "feels good" on the
eve of his second operation within
14 months.
Johnson's day will end in a
third-floor suite at Bethesda Naval
Hospital in suburban Maryland.
There, early today surgeons will
remove a small growth from his
throat and repair a defect in the
scar left by his gall bladder opera-
Deals With Bills
At the White House, Johnson
conferred with his doctors, dealt
with the last of the bills sent him
by the 89th Congress, and dis-
cussed foreign affairs at a working
luncheon with his top advisers.
Yesterday Press secretary Bill D.
Moyers said Johnson "feels good
this morning. He told me that
Johnson, suffered a heart attack
11 years ago.
Surgical Work
The surgeons will do their work
on these presidential ailments:
-A polyp near the President's
right vocal cord. First discovered
in August, it has caused him some
-A defect in the gall bladder
scar, on the right side of John-
son's abdomen. It has caused
Johnson some discomfort and led
him to wear a back brace to ease
strain on his a domen. The pro-
trusion enlarged during John-
son's rigorous journey to the- Far
East, to silver-dollar,.size.
Johnson has said the operation
should take less than an hour, and
keep him in the hospital for a very
few days. When he leaves Bethes-
da, he plans to return to his LBJ
Ranch in Texas and spend most of
his time there until Congress con-
venes on Jan. 10.
While Johnson is under anes-
thesia, Vice President Hubert H.
Humphrey will be in charge of any
emergencies that demand instant
action. The President said he ex-
pects to be under the anesthetics
for less than an hour.

By The Associated Press
BONN, Germany -- Socialists
and Christian Democrats began+
official talks Tuesday on putting
together a new West German gov-
ernment, but failed to come up
with any agreement.
The parties' standard-bearers-
Kurt George Kiesinger for the
Christian Democrats and Willy
Brandt for the Socialists-sat to-
gether in the Parliament building
with negotiating teams at their
Notable absentees: Chancellor
Ludwig Erhard and ex-Chancel-
lor Konrad Adenauer, both Chris-
tian Democrats -who are now out
of the main political picture.
There were questions and attacks
on Kiesinger, the front-running
candidate to succeed Erhard as
It was reported the U.S. State
Department had asked the allied
document center in West Berlin

for his record as a member of the
Nazi party from 1933 to the end
of World War II.
JERUSALEM, Israeli Sector -
Prime Minister Levi Eshkol told
Parliament yesterday "if it rests
with us" last Sunday's warning
raid into Jordan would be the last
military action in the region's his-
Eshkol said permanent peace
along Israel's frontier lay in the
hands of neighboring Arab gov-
"The Israeli government once
again proclaims its sincere desire
to achieve a mutual state of peace
and quiet on all its borders," he
He added blood was spilled on
both sides "beyond what was ex-
pected" as Israeli soldiers defend-
ed themselves after being chal-
lenged by the Jordanians.

2200 Fuller-Huron Towers
a small grocery store
specializing in




American Culture Student's Association

Prof. John Highan
of the History Dept. will speak on

f i,
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Have you been searching for a
Restaurant-Cocktail Lounge
with romantic atmosphere
as well as fine food?
then try the
The.Golden Falcon
Serving Lunches and Dinners Daily




To Be A

Nov. 17
GUILD HOUSE, 802 Monroe

Lunch 25c


Attention Graduate Students
"An Evening of Fun and Games"
(monopoly, games of skill,
silent movies, refreshments, etc.)


Student Sesquicentennial Escort






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