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November 16, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-11-16

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5k 4gau



Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom


Instructor Dismissals at VOterS





MSU Precipitate Sit-In




Students at Michigan State Uni-
versity stageda sit-in in the main
lobby of Bessey Hall last night.
The sit-in is in protest against
the firiiig of .three MSU instruc-
tors, Robert Fogarty, Ken Lawless,
and Gary Groat, in the depart-
ment of American Thought and
Language (ATL). Bessey Hall
houses the ATL department.

would not be able to get in. A
group of about 40 students sat
outside his office and decided not
to stage a sit-in.
Later the ad hoc committee on
academic freedom which had
sponsored the rally in the after-
noon held a meeting last night in
which they decided to stage a st-
in, or, if this could not be done
effectively, to start a vigil, indoors

tion of University Professors "in-
vited" ATL to re-examine its de-'
cision not to re-appoint the dis-
missed professors. Carlin replied
by calling the AAUP suggestion
"the ost irespo sggesa iomn
that it has been my misfortune to I Sit-in if
A major reason for the protest
is~found in the fact that many Igoresj
doubts have been raised in the
MSU community as to whether or
not the three men were denied
re-appointment for purely profes- Defer Spedi
sional reasons. Until Votes

fic Plans
Are In;
lith Cutler

There were 50 students at last if possible, until Thursday when
night's sit-in and two-thirds said another rally will be held.
they planned to spend the night The executive council of MSU's
and expected others to join them chapter of the American Associa-
as the evening progressed.
Earlier in the day a rally was
held outside Bessey Hall in which
1100 people heard a dozen speak-
ers, including faculty members
and James Graham, chairman of 4
the Associate Student Board, the
student governing body. Lawless
read his poem the "Orange Horse"
and the rally was subsequently By SUE REDFERN
called the "rally of the orange
horse," and the students who ob- "People in a nation have a duty
jected to the firing of the three to assert their opposition to what
faculty members began wearing they consider their government's
orange buttons. engagement in an unjust and il-
Participation Role legal war," Ernest Goodman, De-
Graham spoke about the role troit attorney, said last night in
of the student to participate in the a speech entitled "A Basis for
direction of his own education and Conscientious Objection: The Nur-
stated that the reasons given for emberg Judgment."
the dismissals of the three in- Goodman's speech was the sec-
structors were unsatisfactory. ond part of a program on unscrip-
This is reportedly a new idea tious objection sponsored by Inter-
coming from Graham. It had been fraternity Council's Academic Ar-
voiced by the "new left" prior to fairs Committee. Earlier yester-
the rally but had never been given day, Paul Lauter of Chicago's
sanction by the student govern- American Friends Service Com-
ing body. mittee spoke on "Conscientious
After the rally 200 students went Objetr.
to the office of Edward A. Carlin, jectors.
dean of the university college, Addressing a small turn-out,
which heads the department of Goodman outlined the historical
the ATL. 30-50 students were able uases for the concepts of inter-
to talk to him for.. about 10 national law reached at the Nur-
minutes. emberg Trial of 1945-46.
Carlin stood by the orginal de- After World War I said Good-
cision to fire the three men but man, an attempt was made by the
wouldn't make the reasons for Allies to bring German leaders to
this action . public, reportedly trial for war crimes. Such trials
stating that these reasons are were eventually held at Leipzig
"privileged material." Carlin said by German officials though most
he would speak with the students of those tried were acquitted.
individually. 20 students subse- In 1928, most of the world's
quently filled his calendar for the major powers, Goodman explain-
week. ed, entered into a pact known as
Department Locked the Pact of Paris, or Kellogg-
The students then went to the Briand Pact, which renounced war
ATL department. The department as an instrument of national pol-
chairman was not in and his office icy. This pact was approved by
had been locked so the students the United States in 1929. After

Will Meet V

Calls Viet



Voice political party last night
t t approved a proposal stating that
izens D u a sit-in would be the appropriate
tactic if the University does not
accept a positive vote on the draft
referendum as binding.
World War II it was used as the. dn
primary justification for the trials The specific planning of the sit-
at Nuremburg. in was postponed until a mass
e m 4ntr i anl dnn. flTfn AR F id hn

At the end of World War II,
Goodman continued, a conference'
was called by the Allies. From this
conference came an agreement
known as the London Charter,
which established an international
military tribunal to try Nazi of-
ficials and organizations for war
crimes in violation of internation-
al law,
The London Charter defined
war crimes in terms of three cate-
gories: "crimes against peace"
(planning and initiating a war of
aggression), "crimes ofcwar"
(wanton destruction .of cities or
villages and murder of prisoners
of war), and "crimes against
humanity" (inhuman treatment of
peoples of a nation).
The charter provided that no
person could defend himself on
the ground that'he was acting as
the head of state, or that he was
forced to commit war crimes by a
superior's order.
Of the 23 officials tried at
Muremburg, 20 were convicted ac-
cording to Goodman. In December
of 1946, the United States pre-
sented a resolution to the United
Nations, passed unanimously, that
affirmed the principles established
at the Nuremburg trials as part
of international law.
Goodman said that an indivi-
dual has a duty not to cooperate
with his government's pursuit of
a particular war if he perceives
that the government is violating

mieng piannea or rr ay wnen
the results of the referendum
would be known and SGC would
have discussed these results with
Vice-President for Student Affairs
Richard L. Cutler and Vice-Presi-
dent for Research A. GeoffreyI
According to Voice member Eric
Chester the time for a sit-in has
come because the administration
has shown that it respects only
one thing-power,, the power of
people to come to a decision and
to stand by that decision.
Voice, says Peter Steinberger,
Grad, sees the draft referendum

VOICE MEMBERS MET LAST night to decide what action they would take concerning a
sit-in for making the draft referendum binding.
OSA Reply to SGC Statemet
On it-n Rle ExpBee To

as only the spark in the long
g By SUSAN SCHNEPP decisions for students without'
range goal of giving students a even talking to them."
part in the decision making at the Vice-President for Student Af- SGC's resolution cites a history
University. fairs Richard Cutler gave no in- of unilateral decisions made by
The organization also passed a dication yesterday whether or not the administration sin areas of
proposal supporting SGC in its he will comply with Student Gov- importance to students. Last year
move to declare independence ernment Council's demand that Cutler submitted a recommenda-
from control by the Office of Stu- he suspend the new regulation Cut to the Regents opposing the
dent Affairs. Michael Zweig, pres- banning sit-ins. . establishment of a student book-
ident of Voice, called SGC the only Dave Baad, assistant to the vice- store without first informing stu-
legitimate body able to make rules president for student affairs, said dents of his intended action.
governing students and student or- that the OSA will issue a state- This year, SGC has voiced dis-
ganizations. ment today in reply to SGC's res- satisfaction with the release of the
He said further that he did not lution, which says that SdC will
"become independent of the OSA" names of 65 students .and faculty
recognize the power of the OSA if the ban is not lifted. the se Comm ee on Un-
that therefore he did not recog- The key issue, however, is not See SGC Text, Page 10
nize the rule banning sit-ins, the sit-in rule itself, but the pro- ------------ -----
- cedure used by the OSA in mak- American Activities for investiga-
Plans for distribution of peti. ing the regulation. Cutler an- tion in anti-Viet Nam war activi-
tions to teachers requesting with. nounced the ban last weekend ties; Cutler's request to the Re-
holding of grades from the Uni- without first consulting with either gents for absolute authority over
versity as long as class ranks are students or faculty. non-academic student behavior;
compiled were approved as well A special statement issued by and the policy of compiling and
According to Zweig if 100 to SGC yesterday explaining Mon- Ireleasing class rankings to the

6 : i ihgNEW S V

I"1 IAi-uI (1ij j*.niiciples ofintxiernialzii taw


Late World News
By the Associated Press
SECRETARY OF STATE Dean Rusk said yesterday the
United States has failed so far to get any sign from North Viet
Nam that it would reciprocate if the United States stopped bomb-
ing the North.
The Johnson administration faces increasing pressure with
the approach of the Christmas holidays to have a new pause in
the bombing. The last lull of 37 days started a Christmas truce a
year ago.
"What are the Communists prepared to do if we should sus-
pend bombing of the North?" Rusk said. "So far they have not
indicated that they are willing to reciprocate in any way."
"Those closest to the danger know that South Viet Nam is
the target of an aggression-and that that aggression must be
repelled if there is to be a reasonable prospect of peace in East
Asia and the Pacific ...
"Generally in that area it is realized that our firm stand in
Viet Nam and Southeast Asia is giving the nations of the re-
gion time to build and organize their strength, resources and
A DOZEN STUDENTS clashed with police last night in a
Pembroke College auditorium after a speech on Viet Nam by Gen.
Earle G. Wheeler, chairman of tht Joint Chiefs of Staff.
A Brown University graduate student was arrested after
students charged the stage in an apparent attempt to reach
Police and student ushers blocked the students' path and
started trading punches with the demonstrators while more
police quickly ushered Wheeler out a sidt entrance of the build-
After police cleared the hall, more than 100 demonstrators
* gathered outside the building carrying signs protesting the Viet
Nam war and shouting anti-war slogans.
Midway through Wheeler's 30-minute speech, some 60 stu-
dents walked out of the hall in protest. Others remained in their
seats and heckled him throughout the speech and the brief ques-
tion-and-answer session that followed.
Wheeler told an audience of more than 100 students that "no
group has a more valid right to ask about our involvement" in

established by the Nuremburg 120 faculty members could be per-
judgment and the United Nations. suaded not to release grades this
The provision of the London could tie up the grades of as many
Charter which renders defense on as 60 per cent of the undergrad-
the grounds of superior order in- uates on this campus.
valid places this moral responsibi- He went on to say that the only
lity on each individual, way in which unity of student ac-
The IFC-sponsored program tion can be achieved is through
yesterday was the second such dis- action that directly affects the in-
cussion held on campus this week. dividual interests of the students.
In a meeting at Hillel Founda- Last night's meeting was held in
tion Monday night, Reuben Chap- the Union Ballroom and was well-
man and Jerome Segal, doctoral attended. If the organization
candiates in social psychology and choses to sit-in, its participating
philosophy respectively, discussed members might face severe dis-
the Jewish bases for conscientious ciplinary action under the new
objection. Cutler ban on sit-ins.

day night's resolution makes this
explicit: "The key point is that
the procedures followed by the
OSA make it impossible for us to
consider such substance because
we were not consulted in the for-
mulation of this rule."
However, according to SGC, this
is not an isolated example of the
GSA's failure to consult with stu-
dents prior to making rules which
directly concern them. SGC Pres-
ident Ed Robinson, '67, empha-
sized that "this issue is a focal
point for our (SGC's) complaint
about the procedures consistently
followed by the OSA in making

Selective Service.
In none of these cases, SGC
contends, were students sounded
out for opinions or suggestions
before the actions were taken..
The administration has discuss-
ed today's campus referendum on
the draft with students to a lim-
ited extent, but have refused to!
allow them a 'voice- in deciding
University policy on the Selective
Service, and has insisted that the
referendum will not be binding on
the administration.
SGC has thus far this year
worked through existing channels'
according to established proced-
ures to improve student-adminis-
trative relationships and to at-
tempt to gain a voice in decisions
affecting students. But, states the,
resolution, "attempts to improve
the procedure have been one-sided
and have met with too little re-
sponse from the administration."
Another aspect to the "proced-
ure" question concerned the reso-

lution itself - how sh
respond to the ruling. T
given Monday night w
only after hours of deba
In the end, Council
in favor of the resolu
Dick Wingfield, '67, an
lauf, '67 Bus. Ad., voti
and 11-4 on the ar
which states specifical
"such an act, i.e., the
of the sit-in rule, is not
feel we must become in
of the OSA." Wingfiel
Neill Hollenshead, '67,
Meyer, '69, voted again
All agreed that SGC
a strong stand on the is
field qualified this by s
should take a strong sta
it has the ability to b
with support from othe
in the University. He
that SGC should take t
ance directly to the Re
have ultimate power
SGC and the OSA.
Zulauf held that SC
have expressed its diss
to Cutler in a meeting
rather than confront
lically with a demandt
the rule.
Procedure was an is
formulation of the fin
ment. This amendment
did not specifically d
suspension of the ban
the "set" which woub
strate wililngness of th
tration to cooperate wit
and faculty on matter
to them.
The issue then is not
but the procedure us
OSA in making thei
more, it returns to the1
that has been a major
the whole Universityc
this year: the role of t
in the decision-making
the University, parti
areas that directly affe

Also at Stake
.In Election
Refusal To Consult
Students May Cause
Power Confrontation
Managing Editor
Students cast their ballots to-
day in one of the most significant
campus-wide elections in recent
University history.
At stake is a referendum asking
students whether the University
should cease compiling class rank-
ings for use by the Selective Serv-
ice, and whether alternatives to
army service such as the Peace
Corps should be open to males who
face the draft.
om sheard Voters will also choose six can-
possible didates for Student Government
Council seats from eleven candi-
dates running.
Draft Referendum
2 Campus interest has centered
tton the draft referendum. A con-
frontatiori between students and
the administration is shaping up
over whether the results of the
referenduni' should be binding on
the University.
iould SGC The Office of Academic Affairs
the answer yesterday reaffirmed the Univer-
as reached sity's stand that the results of the
ate. referendum wil have no effect on
voted 13-2 the present policy of sending class
ition, with ranks to local draft boards for stu-
d Jay Zu- dents who approve of the proce-
ng against, dure on a form provided during
mendment, registration.
ly that if "Opinions, individual or collec-
suspension tive, about the war in Viet Nam
taken, we or about the fairness of Selective
odependent Service regulations do not alter
ld,. Zulauf, the University's responsibility to
and Sherry do whatever can be done to help a
st. student to continue his education,"
must take the policy statement said.
sue. Wing-
aying SGC "No Alternative"
and only if "We see no equitable alternative
back it up to -giving a student the oppor-
r elements tunity to offer information con-
contended cerning his class standing in sup-
heir griev- port of his request for deferment,"
gents, who the University statement declared.
over both "To'date this academic year, 6,293
students have asked the University
GC should to send their class standings to
atisfaction their local boards. Our position
with him should be the same if the number
him pub- were only 10."
to suspend Student Government Council
sue in the members and other student lead-
ra- amend- ers lhave argued that since the
originally draft deferment question is one
ergand the which affects students exclusively-
imandeihg students should have the right to
as being a major role in helping determine
Ld demon- m rre
to adminis-University policy on the issue.
th students Thus, the results of the draft
rs relevant refrendum are now not considered
to be the primary question at stake
t the sit-in in today's voting. But the Unive-
ed by the sity's decision to refuse students
rule. Even a part in the formulation of policy
basic issue has raised the possibility of
concern to further action by students to force
community the University to agree to their
he student demands.
process of Effect on Society
cularly in Vice-President for Student Af-
At students. fairs Richard Cutler argues that
the draft deferment issue affects
society as a whole, not only stu-
dents. He has therefore declared
that the administration has no in-
Itention of making the results of
the referendum binding.
The University's reaffirmation

indivisible of its policy yesterday is expected
er society." to increase student pressure for a
t it "is not showdown with the administra-
ity admin- tion. What form this confronta-
d to be re- tion may take is uncertain, but
sibilities by there have been indications that
another sit-in may take place.
theTims 'Cutler announced a new, reg-,
the Times ulation over the weekend banning
letter was any sit-ins "which interfere with
rof. Robert the normal and orderly operations
leheartedly of the University."
7n. He said SGC Threat
he attitude SGC has threatened to break
) that they its ties with the Office of Studenb
damn well Affairs if Cutler fails -to suspend
the new regulation. SGC members
iat the ad- were incensed at Cutler's action
fearful of which they felt ignored student
t they only views on the issue. Cutler failed

Administration and Students:
nw own avBenImminent


Managing Editor
Daily News Analysis
The lines are being drawn for!
a final showdown between the ad-I
ministration and students on this
campus. The issues which may
lead to a Berkeley-style clash
within days is whether students
are permitted to play a major
role in the formulation of deci-
sions which vitally affect them.
There are many indications
that the resolution of the rapid-
ly growingconflict between the
students and the administrationI
may be approaching.
Last night, for example, Student
Government Council President Ed
Robinson, '67 went before a meet-
ing of Voice political party, the
campus chapter of the militant
Students for a Democratic Society
an eyebrow-raising event which
would have been unthinkable only

and followed by far more strident
calls to "bring the administration
to its knees" and to create as
much embarassment, misery, and
pain for it as possible. The pur-
pose of these 'tactics is, literally,
to force the University to grant
students power which would be
unprecendented for any university
in this .country.
On the other side, the adminis-
tration is adamant in its position
that students may advise Univer-
sity officials and even consult with
them on certain issues, but they
may not have the final say in
any major policy deciison.
j In Some Cases'
As Vice-President for Student
Affairs Richard Cutler said this
week, "in some cases the students
will decide, in some cases they will
be co-deciison makers, in some
they will be advisors, and in some
they will be left out."

academics, financial matters, and
student conduct.
Robinsonsagrees that the stu-
dent role should be basically a
consultative one, except in areas
which concern only the students-
today's draft referendum being an
example of such an issue. But the
administration counters that there
are few, if any issues within the
University community which af-
fect only one segment of it. Thus,
the draft deferment question is
seen as a problem affecting all of
Moreover, Cutler has stated re-
cently that students are not full
members of society while they are
on this campus, because society
does not accept them as such.
The struggle now going on here
is basically a microcosm of the
conflict between generations which
is gradually becoming a worldwide
phenomenon from the "New Left"
of this country to the Red Guard

Times Urges Resistai
Of HUAC Sub poenas

The New York Times expressed
strong support yesterday for the
recent letter sent by the American
Civil Liberties Union to 900 uni-
versity and college presidents. The
letter urged them to vigorously re-
sist any subpoena by the House
Committee on Un-American Activ-
ities for membership lists of cam-
pus organizations critical of U.S.
policy in Asia.
Last summer the University
complied with a HUAC subpoena
and released the membership lists
f three campus groups-VOICE
an affiliate of Students bor a
Democratic Society, the Commit-
tee to Aid the Vietnamese, and a
local chapter of the W.E.B. Du-

dom on the campus is
for freedom in the larg
The paper also said tha
to the credit of univers
istrators" that they ha
minded of their respon
the ACLU.
Campus reaction to
article and the ACLU
generally favorable. Pi
Sklar of the historyE
said that he agrees who
with the ACLU positic
that he "was upset at t,
(of the administration)
can do anything they
Sklar said further th
ministration was "so
their public image" tha


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