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November 10, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-11-10

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By The Associated Press
Republicans rebounding from a
1964 debacle have captured
enough strength to seriously
menace President Johnson's plans
and give glitter to GOP presiden-
tial hopes for 1968.,
The Republicans slashed deep-
ly into Democratic majorities in
Congress, where some of President
Johnson's projects for building a
"Great Society" squeaked through
by as little as two, four or five
They rolled up a net gain of 47
House seats and drew a bead on
the last two in doubt, for the most
impressive off-year election show-
ing since the Democrats scored 49

gains in 1958. Over the years an
out-party gain of 40 is traditional
in off years.
The Senate, however, will have
only seven newcomers in the next
Congress - not enough to have
much impact on legislation - but
they will give a more liberal tinge
to GOP ranks and put a new ac-
cent on youth.
In the governors' mansions, Re-
publicans may be in the majority.
For the most part, the gains in
major legislative lineups exceeded
the highest Republican expecta-
Individually, the most spectacu-'
lar contests were in governorships

--a fulcrum for power in presi-
dential elections.
Starting with only 17 governor-
ships, Republicans gained control
of eight new governorships, and
may hold a majority of 26 seats as
Callaway is leading in only yet un-
decided governor's race.
If there was .any issue that cut
across state lines in the governor-
ship contests, it was the question
of white "backlash" resentment
against Negro demonstrations and
But it turned out to be a dan-
gerous political issue that in some
cases turned backlash into, back-
Winthrop Rockefeller's Arkan-

sas victory over arch segregation-
ist Jim Johnson and Republican
Spiro T. Agnew's defeat in Mary-
land of open-housing opponent
George P. Mahoney appeared to be
such examples.
California's Democratic Gov.
Edmund G. Brown blamed his de-
feat on backlash voters reacting
to recent Negro riots in Los An-
geles, Oakland and San Francisco.
Winner Ronald Reagan had vir-
tually ignored racial issues in
campaign talk.
In the House, Republican gains
of more than 40 seats exceeded
the off-year average and whittled
the Democratic majority to the

lowest it has been since 1956.
Of the 435 House races, Demo-
crats won 248 and the Republicans
187, with the Republicans making
a net gain of 47 seats. The Demo-
crats took five Republican seats
while the Republicans were grab-
bing off 52 Democratic seats.
While the Democrats will have
an apparent working majority of
some 25 above the 218 mark, this
could be deceptive since a big
block of the Democrats are con-
servative Southerners who often
refuse to accept Johnson's liberal
domestic proposals.
In fact, a revival of the old
GOP-Southern Democrat coalition
that has operated in some pre-

vious Congresses, would hold the
whip hand.I
The husky Republican gain will
be reflected' in narrower majori-
ties for the Democrats on House
committees. With Democrats hold-
ing a 295-140 margin in the 89th
Congress, committees were formed
roughly on a 2-1 ratio.
This ratio may be trimmed in
the 90th Congress to more nearly
reflect the reduced majority. This
is the tradition, but there is no
legal requirement that committees
follow party ratios exactly.
Interesting to note in the Re-
publican wave was the fate of 44
freshmen Democrats who swept to

victory in the Johnson win two
years ago and sought re-election.
Of these freshmen, 24 won re-
election. 17 lost and three others
were trailing in undecided races.
A bright spot for the Democrats
is that they will continue to com-
mand a nearly 2-1 majority in the
Senate. The Republican dent in
their ranks alters the overall
alignment only slightly. It is un-
likely that there will be any ma-
jor changes in the present Demo-
crat-Republican shares of com-
mittee seats.
But if the legislative impact of
the election-wrought changes in

the Senate are not clearly dis-
cernable, there will definitely be
more accent on youth. Of the
seven newcomers, all are in their
40's except for Wyoming's Clifford
P. Hansen, who is 54
The Johnson administration lost
three stalwart supporters, all of
them avowed liberals, in the un-
seating of Paul H. Douglas and
Ron Bass, and the voluntary re-
tirement of Maurine B. Neu-
The Republicans retained seats
held by conservatives but, overall,
the incoming GOP senators are
expected to give the party a some-
what more liberal flavor.

Kiesinger Is
Favored For,
Erhard Post
Christian Democrats
Make Endorsement
For Chancellorship
By The Associated Press
BONN, Germany -- Powerful
backing by a Gaullist faction last
night placed Kurt George Kies-
inger in the front-running position
to succeed West Germany's pro-
American chancellor, Ludwig Er-
hard, as "keep Erhard" motions
have disappeared.
Kiesinger, 62, the minister presi-
dent-premier of Baden-Wuert-
temberg, won the endorsement of
the Bavarian wing of Erhard's
Christian Democrats. Their sup-
port could be decisive when the
party's ''full delegation meets
today on its choice of Erhard's
successor, prior to a vote in the
Erhard's successor must come
from, his Christian Democratic
Kiesinger has a solid bloc of 49
votes out of a total of 245 in the
loosely knit party. His position was
further strengthened when one of
the three other nominees-Eugene
Gerstenmaier, 60, the Gaullist
leaning president of the Bundestag
announced his withdrawal from
Charged a Nazi
The Bavarian decision to back
Kiesinger came only a few hours
after he had defended himself
against charges that he had held
a high post under the Nazis. He
said in a statement he joined 'the
Nazi party in 1933, the year Adolf
Hitler came to power. Without
saying he quit the party, he said
he had become disillusioned the
next year.
Kiesinger, has been out of Bonn
politics for eight years. It is pos-
sible that other candidates more
well known in the Bundestag will
be put forward before the voting
today. Whoever wins endorsement,
however, will be in a good position
to pick up some Free Democrat or
Socialist votes to get the majority
N needed for election by the Bundes-

Southern Traditionalism Upset;
GOP Makes Impressive Gains.

By The Associated Press
Tuesday's elections have proved
conclusively that the 75 year tra-
dition of the solid Democratic
South is dead. Republicans cap-
tured two governorships and pos-
sibly a third as GOP candidates
scored gains all over the region.
In one of the elections biggest
surprises, conservative Republican
Claude Kirk, Jr. defeated Miami
VMayor Robert King High. Kirk,
an investment banker, based his
campaign on a theme of "Crime
Over Miami" but his victory was
obviously due in large part to a
backlash effect. Kirk is thought to
have picked up many votes as a
result of rioting in Tallahassee
earlier this year. High polled 93
per cent of the Negro' vote but
received only 38 per cent of the
white vote.
Winthrop Rockefeller, brother
of New York Governor Nelson
Rockefeller, was victorious in his
bid for the post held by retiring
Governor Orville Faubus. Rocke-
feller considered a moderate on
racial issues, defeated a firm seg-
regationist, Democrat Jim John-
Rockefeller and Kirk will be-
come the first Republicans gover-
nors in their states since Recon-
In Georgia, segregationist Re-
publican Howard "Bo" Callaway
maintained a slim lead over his
Democratic opponent, staunch
segregationist Lester Maddox. For-
mer governor Ellis Arnall, another
racial moderate who was defeated
by Maddox in a September prim-
ary runoff received over 5 per cent
of the vote as a write-in candidate.
Neither Maddox nor Callaway
received the absolute majority re-
quired by Georgia law for election.
Under the state constitution, the
election will not be decided in the
State House of Representatives.
However, the American Civil Lib-
erties Union filed suit in Federal
District Court to block the over-
whelmingly Democratic legislature
from deciding the election. It is
likely to be quite some time before
the outcome of the Georgia race
will be ultimately decided.
While piling up gains in the rest

of the South, the GOP suffered
sharp sebacks in Alabama where
Mrs. Lurleen Wallace, wife of
present Governor George Wallace
who was legally barred from suc-
ceeding himself, swept to an easyk
victory over Republican Rep.
James D. Martin. The Republicans
also lost two of the five Congres-
sional seats won in the 1964 Gold-
water sweep.
In Tennessee, Republican How-
ard H. Baker Jr., campaigning on
an- anti-LBJ platform, defeated
three-time Governor Frank Cle-
ment in the race for the Senate
seat vacated by Democrat Ross
Bass. The Republicans also gained
one House seat, raising their Ten-
nessee total to four.
In South Carolina and Texas,
Republican Senators withstood
Democratic challenges and held on
to their seats. South Carolina's ex-
Democratic Sen. Strom Thurmond
and Gov. Rep. Albert Watson were
the only Republican candidates
Texas Sen. John Tower defeated
Democratic challenger Waggoner
Carr. The failure of President
Johnson to make a last minute
campaign tour for Carr is seen
as a 'major factor in Tower's vic-

tory. Democratic Gov. John Conal-
ty easily won re-election but two
Democratic Congressmen lost their
seats to Republicans.
Republican Walter J. Hickel
was declared a close winner over
Democratic Gov. William A. Egan
in Alaska yesterday.
Egan had led through most of
the early returns, and his conces-
sion left only the Georgia gover-
norship undecided. Egan has been
Alaska's chief executive since.
statehood was proclaimed in 1959.
The backing o1 Vice President
Hubert H. Humphrey did not help
Minnesota Gov. Karl F. Rolvaag
overcome his Republican oppo-
nent, Harold L. Levander. Le-
vander was declared the winner
yesterday by a very small margin,
remniscent of Rolvaag's disputed
victory in 1964.
Republican Robert Taft Jr. was
declared the winner in Ohio yes-
terday after he had trailed Rep.
John J. Gilligan. The win brought
a famous name back to Congress;
Taft is the son of the late senator
who was dubbed "Mr. Republi-

Riots ForceI
Mrs. Ghandi Takes
Control of Police Till
Election Can Fill Post
By The Associated Press
NEW DELHI, India - Prime
Minister Indiri Gandhi took con-1
trol of India's police yesterday in
a Cabinet change forced upon her
by bloody rioting over the slaugh-
ter of cows.
With crucial national elections
approaching early next year, Mrs.
Gandhi requested the resignation
of Home Minister Gulzari Lal
Nanda, whose responsibilities in-
cluded the police. President Sarve-
palli Radhakrishnan accepted it.
The Executive Committee of the
ruling Congress party and oppo-
sition groups had accused Nanda
f failing to take adequate meas-
ures to prevent the rampage in the
capitaldMonday by Hindubextre-
mists demanding a total ban on
the slaughter of cows.
Violence Erupts
Eight persons were killed by po-
lice bullets after a mob of tens of
thousands of Hindus erupted into
violence and destruction in 'front
of the Parliament building and
then moved to other parts of the
It was originally hinted that De-
fense Minister Y. B. Chavan, 52,
would be named to replace Nanda
in the Home Mnistry, the No. 2
position in the Cabinet.
Internal Pressures
But pressures within the party
and Cabinet have forced Mrs.
Gandhi to avoid any radical chan-
ges with the elections so close and
a successor has not been named.
The Home Ministry is regarded.
As the most important at present
because of unrest stemming from
a variety of issues in many parts
of the country. It is feared that
civil disturbances may worsen
during election time, especially if
opposition groups attempt to capi-
talize on the tensions.

Romney Non-committal on '68;
Results Prove Coattail Power

DETROIT (A)-Michigan Gov.
George Romney acted like a pres-
idential candidate yesterday de-
spite his formal statement that
he had made no decision about
whether he would seek the Repub-
tican nomination in 1968.
Romney, fresh from a landslide
victory in his Tuesday bid for a
third term as Michigan governor,
faced a battery of questions about
his national political future when
he appeared at a- late morning
news conference.
The Michigan governor, who
piled up a record lead of more
than 568,000 votes over State
Democratic Chairman Zolton Fer-
ency, disclosed that he had been
in touch with numerous Republi-
-an leaders since Tuesday's tide
of votes was counted. They in-
cluded Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller
of New York, Sens.-elect Mark Q.
Hatfield of Oregon, Edward W.
Brooke of Massachusetts, Charles
H. Percy of Illinois and Gov.-elect
Ronald Reagan of California.
The Romney landslide was cred-
ited with a big part in Republican
interim Sen. Robert P. Griffin's
successful bid for a full term.
Griffin piled up a 281,000 margin
over six-time Michigan Gov. G.
Mennen Williams, who was de-
feated in an election for the first
time in his political career. Griffin
became the first Michigan Repub-
lican elected to the Senate in 14
An analysis of the Michigan re-
turns of the senatorial race by a
National Broadcasting Co. com-
puter indicates that the rank-and-
file union members were not list-
ening as closely as in the past.
Although the labor vote was 65
per cent for Williams, it neverthe-
less was down six per cent from
the 1964 election.
Other interesting figures show
that the Jewish vote went 58 per
cent for Griffin, up an amazing
26 per cent. Observers noted that
the Republicans brought in New

York Sen. Jacob Javits during the
,ampaign for the expressed pur-
pose of helping. Griffin in the
Jewish community.
The Negro vote went 95 per cent
for Williams, according to the
electronic vote analysis, an in-
.crease of four per cent.
Under impetus of the Romney
vote tide, Republicans regained
virtual control of both houses of
the state legislature which they
lost during President Johnson's
smashing defeat of Sen. Barry
Goldwater in the 1964 presidential
race. (See related story, Page 2.)
The over-all result seems to be
a large question mark over the
leadership of the state Democratic
party. Despite his loss to Griffin,
Williams who pulled the party to-
gether in 1948 is not likely to be-
come the forgotten man. Also
mentioned are Detroit mayor

Jerome Cavanaugh, Attorney Gen-
eral Frank Kelley and Sec. of
State James Hare.
Romney's victory sweep also
changed the complexion of Michi-
gan's congressional delegation, as
the GOP picked up. five seats lost
in 1964 and hold a 12-7 edge.
Democrats defeated - some' in
extremely close contests -- were
Weston E. Vivian of Ann Arbor,
Paul H. Todd Jr. of Kalamazoo,
John, C. Mackie of Flint, Billie
S. Farnum of Drayton Plains and
Raymond F. Clevenger of Sault
Ste. Marie.
Michigan's five new Republican
congressmen are Garry E. Brown
of Schoolcraft, Marvin Esch of
Ann Arbor, Donald Riegle of
Flint, Philip E. Ruppe of Hough-
ton and Jack H. McDonald of
Redford Township.

Viet' Cong Arms Cache
Discovered after Battle

The IFC Academic Affairs Committee
Proudly Presents
with: Captain Wm. Pascoe, U.S. Selective Service
& Colonel Wm. Meyers, Michigan Selective Service
Nov. 10-7:30 P.M.

SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP)-
U.S. 1st Infantry Division troops
turned from victorious combat to
porter duty yesterday, hauling
from Communist tunnels in Tay
Ninh Province the most massive
store or enemy arms and ammu-
nition they have ever encountered.
Eighty rocket launchers, 55 ma-
chine guns and 481 mines topped
an inventory over which the
Americans were still toiling at
dusk. They speculated that this
haul, plus tons of the enemy's
other dearly acquited supplies also
taken in hand, was the war's
Maj. Gen. William Depuy, the
division's commander, told news-
men at his command post in Dau
Tieng the bloody repulse of a
Communist attack Tuesday - re-
ported to have cost the enemy 450
dead-and seizure of the supplies
blunted a long-planned Viet Cong
offensive from that War Zone C
area 65 miles northwest of Saigon.
Depuy said documents taken
from a captured Viet Cong indi-
cated the enemy was beginning a
seasonal push when the Ameri-

cans-the 1st and 25th Infantry
divisions and the 196th Light In-
fantry Brigade--moved in.
He said he believed they intend-
ed first to attack Suoi Da, the site
of a Special Forces camp about
seven miles south of the battle-
Associated Press correspondent
John Nance reported from Zone C
that the massive supply stores
were found abandoned in a tunnel
complex, part of a regimental
command post, in the jungles only
a few hundred yards from the
site of Tuesday's battle.
U.S. pilots pressed the air war
as ground action dwindled across
the country. B-52 jet bombers
blasted at a Viet Cong staging
area in Quang Ngai Province
about 350 miles north of Saigon.
American air strikes Tuesday
included four on Commuist posi-
tions within the old demilitarized
zone between North and South
Viet Nam. Targets attacked in 132
multiplane missions over the north
included some in the areas of
Hanoi, Haiphong and Dien Bien

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press NEW YORK-The stock market
CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. - The moved ahead yesterday in an ad-
four-day Gemini 12 satellite hunt
and space walk was delayed for vance some brokers said was spur-
the second time yesterday because red by Republican election gains.
of problems in one of two auto- The 30-stock Dow Jones indus-
matic pilot systems in the Titan 2 trial average closed up 7.69 points
rocket which is to propel the at 809.91. The Associated Press
craft into space. 60-stock average rose 1.9 points
Navy Capt. James A. Lovell Jr. to 296.2. The average price per
and Air Force Maj. Edwin E. Ald- share of all common stock on the
rin Jr. are now scheduled to begin New York Stock Exchange was up
their journey at 3:46 p.m. tomor- 35 cents.
row, on the trail of an Agena ren- Gains. spread throughout the
dezvous target launched 99 min- list with aircrafts, utilities, non-
utes before them. ferrous metals, rails and airlines
Launch technicians discovered leading.
the latest problem in a new auto
pilot unit that replaced the faulty ATLANTA, Ga.-Trickling rural
one taken off the rocket Tuesday. returns placed Democrat Lester
Signals flashed that indicated one G. Maddox ahead of Republican
of three 'gyroscopes did not spin Howard H. Callaway last night.
Officials said the additional de- Neither candidate will appar-
lay would not cause any further ently receive a majority because of
shuffling of Gemini 12's flight a write-in movement for moder-
plan. The first postponement had ate Ellis G. Arnall, a former gov-
forced them to scrub an attempt ernor, and the decision seems des-
to take man's first photographs tined to be thrown to the Georgia
of a total solar'eclipse from space. legislature.
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