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October 25, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-10-25

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Peace Hints
Question Whether He
Had Hanoi's Authority
Or Spoke Own Views
WASHINGTON (P) -- The an-
nouncement by a Hungarian min-
ister that North Viet Nam might
be softening its position on peace
in Southeast Asia is receiving se-
rous study in Washington.
Administration officials are try-
ing to find out if the Hungarian
foreign minster, Janos Peter, was
speaking on behalf of the North
Vietnamese or merely expressing
his own views.
As of yesterday, the officials
reported no tangible evidence of
Hanoi's. willingness to negotiate
and are advising caution on the
question of Peter's authority to
speak for the North Vietnamese.
Last Week's Brief
Last week Peter is understood
to have briefed reporters in New
York on anattributable basis. He
was reported as having said that
-While insisting that the Unit-
ed States stop its bombing raids,
is willing to drop its condition
that the National Liberation
Front, political facade of the Viet
Cong, must be recognized as sole
representative of the Vietnamese
-Has indicated it would not in-
sist on an immediate unification
of the Viet Nams.
There was no indication of a
change in Hanoi's attitude in Pe-
ter's U.U. speech Oct. 18.
Peter told the assembly then
that Hanoi felt there has been no
real and valid peace offer from
the United States. He said he
spoke with "the full and true
knowledge and understanding of
the, opinion of North Viet Nam
and of the Viet Cong."
If this is true, and officials
have no reason to doubt that it
is, then Peter's background in-
formation might represent Hanoi's
position, officials speculated.
State Dept. Cautious
The State Department's offi-
cial reaction reflected both in-
terest and vaution. "We always
study with care any indication
that the other side may be inter-
ested in a negotiated settlement
of the Viet Nam conflict," press
officer Carl Bartch said.
At present, he added, "we can-
not judge whether these reports
do in fact represent a new de-

Third World
Nations Ask'
Bomb Halt
Tito, India, UAR
Demand U.S. Pullout,
Viet Cong Recognition
NEW DELHI (W)-The leaders
of India Yugoslavia and the Unit-
Sed Arab Republic said yesterday
the only solution to the Viet Nam
war is a cessation of American
bombing, withdrawal of all for-
eign forces an'd the seating of the
Viet Cong as a "main party" in
any peace talks.
: Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
and Preisedtns Tito and Gamal
Abdel Nasser outlined those steps
i a joint communique on the end
of their tripartite summit only a
few hours after the seven-nation
-Associated Press summit on Viet Nam dpened in
NDHI and Nasser (left and right), the leaders of India and the Manila.
Ly, yesterday issued a communique from their summit meeting of The New Delhi communique said
end to United States bombing in North Viet Nam, a withdrawal of American bombng of North Viet
'the Viet Cong guerrillas at peace negotiations to end the war in Nam "shouuld be ended imme
diately without any precmnditions.'
it called for implementation.of the
Geneva agreements and with-
drawal of all foreign forces.
*l * "These three leaders. the com-
munique said, "recognize that

89th Congress Finishes
Record Finance Session


use of many things from pills to,

United Arab Republic respectivel
unaligned nations calling for ane
foreign troops and recognition of
Viet Nam.

An AP News Analysis limousines.
WASHINGTON-The 89th Con- Opinion on where these new
gres finished its course Saturday paths ultimately will lead depends
night after two years of blazing on the viewer.
' historic legislative trails-at on- The bulk of the heavy Demo-
precedented financial coast. ratic majorities who enacted the
These trials led past near-rev- laws with help from some Repub-
olutionary milestones in the fields licans see in their achievements
of social welfare, civil rights and the bright promise of more abun-'
use of federal power, to _rotect dant and just life for all Amer-
consumers. icans. And they count the costs a
This Congress appropriated a sound investment well within the!
record of $264 billion, $119 billion means of the world's richest na-t
last year and about $144 billion tion.
this year, including interest cn the Republicans and conservative
national debt. Last Year's total Democrats who oppose .nuch of
was $2.4 billion less than Presi- the legislation fear the 89th has
dent . Johnson asked. This year's opened the door to an excessive
reduction was about $883 million. federal role in many areas of pri-
A large portion of the total, of vate concern. And they see the
course. was for the Defense De- heavy spending as a breeder of
partment and the Viet Nam war- possibly disastrous inflation and
costs not connected with the land- worse.
mark social legislation. When the 89th Congress ended
Surpass 77th it first session last year, Johnson
Not even the 77th Congress, described it as "the greatest in
which sat during the first two American history" as it imple-
years of World War II, in 1941 and mented item after item of what he
1942, appropriated as much calls "The Great Society."
money. Its comparable figures Despite some lagging on his
were about $205 billion, with the programs this year under the
$147 billion in 1942 being tops for mounting fiscal and financial im-
a single year. pact of the Viet Nam war, it's
Written into law during the two doubtful he has changed his es-
years were such long-sought pro- timate.

bill, unemployment compensation
increases, international health
programs and permission for
striking unions to picket construc-
tion sites where more than one
union is employed.
On Plus Side
On the plus side, from the ad-
ministration's point of view, were
increases in minimum wages, anti-
urban development program, cre-
ation of cabinet departments for
t housing and transportation, auto-
mobile and highway safety laws,
readjustment benefits for "cold
war" veterans, and pay raises for
military and civil service em-
Much of the unfinished business
is expected to be requested anew
by the President next year. And
much of the legislation enacted
faces review and financing to keep
it alive.
How much the President will
get from the 90th Congress will
depend on the outcome of the
November elections when all 435
Hotise seats and 35 Senate seats
will be filled.
Pollsters are in general agree-
ment that Republicans will make
some gains, particularly in the
If the GOP picks up as many
as 20 more House seats, the Presi-
dent's 1967 program could be In
real trouble. A switch of that
many votes in the 89th Congress
would have defeated many big
bills that barely skimmed through
over conservative opposition.
Despite the Democrats' top-
heavy numerical majority-295 to
140 in the House and 67 to 33 in
the Senate-they didn't have that
kind of working control in the

Johnson's Hotel Site.
Bynti-War Fiipino
MANILA (P)-About 2,000 Phil- the students had hoped for. Theirl
ippine students dramatized their leaders had predicted a turnout of
opposition to the war in Viet Nam 5,000 but less than half that num-
with a wild but brief fight yester- ber showed up.
day night with police outside It was enough, nevertheless, to
President Johnson's. hotel. get the vocal minority of Philip-
At one point, as police moved pine students on the record with
in with clubs and rifle butts to their fellows in Australia and New
disperse the students, half a dozen Z e a 1 a n d, who demonstrated
police pistol shots were fired into against U.S. policies in Viet Nam
the air. during the President's visit to
After the battle, which lasted those countries.
about 20 minutes, police hauled The Philippine students began
20 students away in patrol wagons their demonstrations at dusk inj
and 12 in ambulances. One Amer- front of the U.E. Embassy and all
ican television cameraman's head was noisy but orderly for two
was bloodied by a student wielding hours. Then they headed for the
a bamboo pole. Manila Hotel about half at mile
Johnson, in Manila , for the away.
seven-nation summit conference They moved into the small
on Viet Nam, was in his suite courtyard before the hotel anid a
when the 'demonstration took police cordon was thrown up At
place, just after 8:30 p.m. He first guests in the hotel peered'
could hear the faint echoes of the from their windows and viewed
"Yankee go home!" slogans and the demonstration with amuse-
the shouting and screaming of ment,
students as the police moved in. Harangues Crowd
Less Than Hoped For Then two loudspeaker ieeps
The demonstrations, however showed up, a student in dark
spirited, were something less than upahsudnt in dark
glasses began haranguing the

of Riot
where citizens generally were
hibiting warm friendship for
as they gathered in knots
watch the doings of the s
summit leaders.
Johnson who said that at
summit he is "an equal am
equals," has deliberatelyk
shuning a dominant role here
was last to speak in the ope
fiffllo -_

participation of the South Viet-
namese National Liberation Front
political arm of the Viet Cong
would be necessary as one of the
main parties in any efforts for
realization of peace in Viet Nam."
Asked to clarify the point on
foreign forces, Nasser said, "It
ex- is clear to everybody the Amer-
him cans have troops in Viet Nam. If
there are any North Vietnamese
to in the south they have to with-
even draw back to the north."
The leaders proposed a wider
this meeting next year of the non-,
mong aligned countries, and Nasser said
been the tripartite leaders will contact
. He the heads of state of the non-j
ning aligned nations to pake plans for

grams as health care for the el-
derly under the Social Security
System and multibillion-doilar,
across-the-board aid to education.
Broad new statutes were passed
in an effort to insure Negroess
political, economic and social
equality on a scale never before
attempted through legislation.
Provision for mandatory ┬░ederal
auto safety standards highlighted
enactments aimed at protectingj
the cnsumer in the nurchase and

"Rubber Stamp"
On the other hand, Rep. Gerald
R. Ford, the House Republican
leader from Michigan, and many
of his GOP colleagues call this a
"rubber stamp Congress." They
say it abdicated its authority and'
let the administration dictate
costly and unwise legislation the
country does not need.
Left stranded by adjournment
as the legislators headed home to

Goldberg Calls Thant Peace
Plan a 'Package Proposal'

U.S. Ambassador Arthur J. Gold-
berg said yesterday the United
States considers the three-point
peace plan of U.N. Secretary-Gen-
eral U Thant a package proposal
aimed at scaling down the war.
"The war will not come to an
end if the bombing stops,",Gold-
berg declared in an interview on
the NBC television show "Todays"
Peter's Remarks
Goldberg said also that he was
encouraged by statements made
by Hungarian Premier Janos Peter
in the General Assembly on Oct.
"I thought his remarks were
very interesting, they moved a
bit," Goldberg said. "And it's one
of the faint signals which I think
makes me feel a little-I empha-
size a little-more optimistic
about a peaceful resolution of the
Vietnamese conflict."
He added that he thought ?e-
ter's statement reflected some re-
laxation by Hanoi on two of its
demands for eritering peace talks

-a U.S. troop withdrawal and
that the NFL be the sole repre-
sentative of South Viet Nam at
peace negotiations.
But Golberg said what is need-
ed now is "direct dialogue," so
that the U.S. and Hanoi positions
can be discussed between "the ad-
versaries to the conflict. And I
hope that would cone about."
Thant Tactics
Thant is pressing for an uncon-
ditional halt to the U.S. bombing
of North Viet Nam, a military de-
escalation by both sides and rep-
resentation for the National Lib-
eration Front-political arm of
-the Viet Cong-in peace nego-
There was no immediate com-
ment from Thant on Goldberg's
assessment of his proposals.
In a U.N. Day statement mark-
ing the 21st anniversary of the
world organization, Thant de-
scribed the war in Viet Nam "not
only a disaster for the Vietna-
mese people, but also a constant
threat to world peace."

crowd, and the mood turned ugiy.
A police whistle sounded and
police charged. They clubbed some
students to the ground and drag-
ged others away. The courtyard!
was strewn with hastily jettisoned
placards. Some fleeing students
were pursued as they scattered,
then re-formed in small groups.
One band gathered in a nearbyI
park and the leader claimed he{
would bring charges of police+
brutality., They pronised a gen-.
eral strike of Philippine students I
next week.
A police official said the order
to disperse the studerts was given
because they had moved onto the
private property of the hotel.
Korea's Park Away
South Korea's President Chung
Hee Park was away from the hotel'
when the demonstrations started
and returned at the height of it.!
He was brought in the back door.

seSS1U1n. gul 1Cui. 110UlJU 1 Gl u~ta;a
seek re-election on Nov. 8 were Coalition
many bills the President wanted A coalition of conservative
WORLD (IHIURCH SERVICE.kept alive. They died when the Democrats and Republicans nar-
-_* final gavel fell and must start rowed the edge considerably, par-
all over next year when the 90th ticularly in the House. It ^iouldn't
Congress convenes. take much more shrinkage to give
D o ct r A leg e LiZ V ZWAmong these was the 1966 civil the conservatives dominance in
rights bill which carried a con- the House.
troversial provision to bar disa The 89th got much of the Presi-
,rimination in the sale of private dent's program off the ground
Inj redo rean Sold ershousing put on the market by and in operation last year and
anyone other than an owner- spent much of this year imple-
occupant. menting or revising it. It was in
NEW YORK (A) -Vietnamese properly treated, without that lehem and then changed to Allen- This passed the House but was session almost 10 month each
civilians are suffering far more treatment. The time and care goes town, began Ict. 19 and so far has sunk in the Senate by 'a Repub- year.
casualties in Viet Nam than U S. to the warinjured." accounted for 39 Viet Cong killed lican-Southern Democratic fili- In addition to health .are, edu-
and South Vietnamese military Hall, 69, said antibiotic drugs and large amounts of wealpons buster combination that obviously cation and rent-subsidy programs,
forces, an American doctor back and doctors are sorely needed for and supplies, including 5.500 drew much strength from public it enacted a voting rights bill,
from a study there said yesterday. Vietnamese civilians. pounds of rice, seized, a U.S. mvil- concern over widespread racial costly new health programs, an
Dr. Wayne W. Hall of Ridge- Increase Medicine tary spokesman said. rioting in Northern and Western antipoverty bill and a historic,
wood, N.J., said both declining As a result of his report, Church The operation, in which the cities. change in the immigration laws.
health conditions and war vio-,! World Service is expected to in- A" Also swept into the wastebasket It did those things last year, and
lence are taking their toll among crease its medical operations in mican tioops weie said t -be by adjournment were a bill to ban altered some of them this year.
the native population. Viet Nam, where it already has at det Cstate laws forbidding union shop But it didn't keep up that siz-
"Many more civilians are in work about 60 doctors, nurses, was the only acover c odarkne Iclauses in labor contracts, and a zling pace in 1966, when many of
jured by bombs than army per-0 rs, nuied was the mam ac reo- measure to give home rule to the its members obviously were more
lurd b bobs hanai'Y pr-sanitation engineers, community ed as the Viet Nam war c~l- Dsrc fClmi.Bt eecnendwt etn lce
sonnel." he said. . development experts and others, tinued in one of its erioi lulls. District of Columbia. Both were concerned with getting elected
At a hospital in Saigon serving a spokesman said. on the President's'program than with te President's pro-
both military and civilians, he Hall said there is about one A general upsurge in terrorism Also brushed aside were bills grains and prestige. It sharply
said the war-injured ratio was 10 doctor per 30000 people in Viet or a large-scale offensive by the calling for election law and con- cut the President's programs and
civilians to one soldier. Noting Nam much lower ratio than be- Communists to co-incide with the gressional r e f o r m s, four-year prestige. It sharply cut the Presi-
that more than 5,000 Americans Nare the war opening of the Manila summit I terms for House members, foreign dent's boosted allotments for the
have died in Viet Nam since 1960 "Compared to tne situation here conference apparently failed to trade expansion, conservation of more popular education and
he said in an interview: in America, a sick or injured Viet-materialize wild river areas, a truth-in-lending j health programs.
Inadequate Treatment namese has about one chance in
"The probabilities are that ' 44 of getting a doctor," he said.
there are 5,000 civilians deaths "Sanitary conditions are de-
from the war every six months." plorable, much worse than beforeOO N L Y '
Many, he added, die from wound the war. It seems that the people
infections which are not ade- have lost their spirit and lost their.

Y !


quately treated.
Hall, who spent six weeks in
Viet Nam to survey medical needs
there for Church World Service.I

.. ., ... .,__ ., ..: . . 1

So far as is known, all the other an interdenominational Protestant
chiefs of state weie in their suites. and Orthodox relief agency, said
The chants and shouts of the health care for civilians has grad-
protesters were audible in John- ually shrunk.
son's fourth-floor hotel suite. The war is consuming the med-
The demonstration near John- ical care and the beds," he said.
son's hotel was the first sizeable "This leaves the average sick per-
show of animosity in Manila, son who would get well, if he were

will even to try to maintain de-
cent conditions."
Civilian Clearance
In a multibattalion force of U S.
1st Infantry Division troops-
perhaps 2,000 men or more-push-
ed along the banks of the Saigon
River yesterday in a major opera-
tion to clear Viet Cong from the
area for resettlement of South
Vietnamese civilians.
The operation, first called Beth-


World News Roundup

National Aeronautics and Space
Administration plans to launch a
powerful Atlas-Centaur rocket at
dawn today in a test intended to
fully qualify the booster for un-
manned flights to the moon and
The shot is one of two sched-
uled here this week.
At 6:05 p.m. Wednesday, the
Communications Satellite Corp. is
to launch a payload toward a
stationary orbit high above the
Pacific Ocean to open up the first
commercial space communications
links between North America and
Southeast Asia.

GRENADA, Miss. - Police ar-
rested 214 Negro marcherse-most
of them school-age children-yes-
terday when they refused to stop
at barricades around integrated
Grenada schools.
Those arrested were charged
with obstructing normal use of
public sidewalks and refusing to
obey an order to disperse.
Police said the marchers refused
to turn back at highway patrol
barricades two blocks from the
school where patrolmen have been
stopping everyone but pupils and
their parents since early Septem-

What ? $100
SANDWICHES non-members

"~One of the miracles of our timne!"-N.Y. HERALD TRIBUNE




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