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October 22, 1966 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-10-22

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Seventy-Sixth Year

From Progressivism to Melancholia


ere Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail

NEws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



Cutler's Review:
Dictatorship Over Students?

STUDENT LIFE at this University could
be in for a drastic change.
The Regents' approval of Vice-Presi-
dent Richard L. Cutler's "Recommenda-
tions Concerning the Regulation of Non-
Academic Conduct" yesterday gives Cut-
ler something close to dictatorial power
over students for the foreseeable future.
-How he will use that power-how he
will delegate that power-and how much
he will consult the University commu-
nity--remains to be seen.
There is considerable confusion sur-
rounding discipline of non-academic mis-
conduct of University students. As Cut-
ler noted at yesterday's meeting, there
are, in some cases, up to six "ultimate"
officials to which discipline cases could
go. Lines of responsibility are vague. The
recent Knauss Report suggests a restruc-
turing of Student Government Council;
other aspects of student affairs need
HENCE THERE IS a strong case for a
thorough revision of existing policies
on student conduct, student organiza-
tions and student activities.
But whose job should such a review
be? It is questionable whether the Re-
gents should have given Cutler-and Cut-
ler alone-such sweeping powers: "Ulti-
mate authority" over non-academic con-
duct, authority for an "immediate and
comprehensive review" of all student reg-
ulations, the power to review SGC's pro-
cedures and--more important-the power
to "establish such interim regulations as
are necessary" until the "immediate and
comprehensive review" is completed.
Although the Regents added provisions
which "encourage" Cutler to consult with
the University community and "permit"
him to delegate his authority to academ-
ic authorities, student groups and his
staff, no one knows how much consulta-
tion and delegation Cutler is going to do:
He need not do much. The adminis-
tration has not had a particularly happy
time dealing with students in the past
several months. At yesterday's public
meeting, President Hatcher denied that
"recent events" had anything "at all" to
do with the sweeping grant of power to
Cutler; but the Regents' own secret work-
ing papers introduce Cutler's new powers
with the statement, "Inasmuch as there
can be no guarantee that events similar
to the recent 'sleep-in' will not occur in

the near future . . ." etc. With "recent
events" very much in their mind, the
Regents have already shown they are
receptive to a crackdown on student af-
AND IF THIS IS Cutler's aim, he now
has the power to accomplish it. Yet
Cutler's whole attitude towards power is
an open question. Numerous sources have
indicated repeatedly that, when asked
who should have authority over students'
lives, Cutler has emphatically said, "I
should"-and then, less enthusiastically,
adds that "others should contribute" as
Last year, highly-placed informants
add, Cutler made a series of successful
power plays designed to force President
Hatcher to give him more authority
within the administration. Whether he
embarked on this campaign to increase
his status among the University to repre-
sent his student constituency more effec-
tively or merely to increase his status
among the, University's vice-presidents
is, these observers feel, a matter of doubt.
It is therefore time for the University
community to think long-and carefully.
Powe'r corrupts, and absolute power cor-
rupts absolutely, goes the old saw; and
it seems unlikely that one man should
conduct an "immediate and comprehen-
sive review" of student life by himself.
INDEED, the reports of the Committee
on Disclosure and the Knauss Com-
mittee are detailed descriptions of how
inadequate the decision-making at the
University can be when people affected
by decisions do not help make them.
The establishment of vice-presidential
student advisory committees is a sign that
the University may be recognizing this.
An "immediate and comprehensive re-
view" of student affairs consisting of
edicts from Cutler's office would be a
backward step the University cannot af-
ford to take.
THUS STUDENTS and faculty should use
every opportunity to work with Cut-
ler during his "review" and to ensure that
they are, indeed, consulted. If students
and faculty do not provide the major
force behind revision of student affairs
policies, someone else will.

Collegiate Press Service
"ACK TO SCHOOL" magazine
articles do not generally pro-
duce significant insights into con-
temporary education but this
year's Newsweek contribution may
be something of an exception.
Referring to an almost, "psy-
chedelic" temperament on college
campuses this fall, the article cites
a new wave of introspection, re-
miniscent of the apathy of the
What began as a burst of ener-
getic progressivism in 1963 and
1964, is ending as an acute me-
lancholia in 1966. Even the peace
marchers are beginning to wonder.
THERE'S A certain truth to
these observations. One could de-
tect the spirit at virtually every
student gathering of the late sum-
mer. The N.S.A. National Student
Congress was considerably less
volatile than those of recent years;
there was more sullenness than
fervor. Revorts from the annual
gathering of the Students for a
Democratic Society emphasized a
growing feeling of frustration,
even despair.
Four separate workshops of the
United States Youth Council-an
inter-organizational confederation
of religious, political, and service
groups-ended up asking what
they were doing there at all. Young
Americans for Freedom dropped

its Political Action Committee, de-
ciding to focus on high school re-
the campus itself. To be sure, there
is an unparalleled interest in edu-
cational reform and spurts of life
from former coldbeds of silence.
Nonetheless, the idea which
seems to intrigue students the
most is that of the "T-Group"-
Sensivity Training Sessions which
involve exploration into the iner-
most thoughts and feeling of the
participants. And the brooding has
developed its morbid side-Mod-
erator magazine predicts 1,000 stu-
dent suicides this year.
The Moderator story, unior u-
nately, was more descriptive than
analytical-kind of a guided tour
of campus psychoses. One quoma-
tion from a report on the NSA
Student Stress Conference last
year, however, focuses on a central
part of the problem:
"Our solution is to inject into
the system more human qualities,
the most obvious of which is emo-
tion . . "Why load us with super-
ficial principles and ideals, ob-
viously less important than a
$14,000-a-year job and tenure?
"We want ideas that are worth
some passion."
FEELINGS-that's the key. The
present generation of students
wants to feel. Furthermore, they

are attempting to do so in % cul-
ture which makes the excrcise of
emotion extrmely difficult.
Hence, the transition from pofi-
tics to psychology cannot be con-
sidered a "new" trend. It is, rather
a new phase in a general pattern
of development on the campus of
the '60s.
Ed Friedenberg's Coming of Age
In America documents many rea-
sons why, in terms of their high
school experience, college students
might seek, or avoid, overt ex-
pression of emotion.
The high school, he finds, is
"like a bad book: sentimental, ex-
trinsically motivated, and intel-
lectually dishonest." The poor are
told to shut up-they're uncouth;"
the rich are told to pipe down-
they're "spoiled;" the middle class
is told to "be reasonable;" "be
mature;" 'be a gentleman;" "be
WHEN THE admonitions are re-
inforced by the good old 'competi-
tive spirit," and an elaborate
structure of rules, they serve to
stifle openness of any kind. "What
comes out," Friedenberg observes,
"is uniform, bland and creamy, yet
retains, in a form difficult to
detect, all the hostile or toxic in-
gredients of the original mixture."
The "original mixture," was
stirred up a bit in the early '60s.
Needless to say, Kennedy was a
major factor in legitimatizing the

passions of youth. The Civil Rights
Movement played a large part-
demonstrating, as it did, the re-
sults of our indifference to a large
segment of the population.
The opportunity for direct in-
volvement provided added impetus.
Students were allowed to feel-
they were given an opportunity to
vent emotions through quasi-ac-
ceptable channels. They respond-
that the response was as much an
experession or personal emotional
needs as a "new social conscious-
ness." Snider critics often attack-
ed this--revealing, perhaps, their
own fear of expressing themselves.
Today, Civil Rights groups have
grown suspicious-white middle
class kids with "hang-ups" don't
always make the most effective
organizers. Nonetheless, the "Feel-
ing Factor" was and is a major
consideration. It is unfortunate
that the only people who discuss
it are the ones who enjoy im-
pugning such motives.
Today, the Feeling Factor has
had to find new expressions. The
War in Viet Nam; the draft; the
general aura of Johnsonism do not
provide the clear-cut moral im-
peratives which instantly com-
mand dedication.
anti-War Movement has contri-

buted to an overall sense of frus-
tration. Politics is "out," because
feeling has been taken from it.
The rock has been turned over,
however, and those, "inner voices"
will no longer be silenced.
The new forms of expression-
"T-groups;" psychedelic drugs;
privatism in various forms-are, as
yet, rudimentary. While a few
have been grabbed too hastily-
LSD is a little more volatile than
a march in Selma--the willingness
to explore may yield techniques
which could be beneficial to the
entire society.
Sensitive educational reformers
are already studying the develop-
ments with interest, and, in some
cases, applying the techniques.
real task will be integration-of
finding ways to relate the emo-
tion needs of stdents to the intel-
lectual discipline which enhances
their expression and development.
This has always been the task of
the artist; the rest of us must ac-
cept it now as well.
The essence of style is that it
embodies form and substance. In
the past, we were satisfied with
form; in the psychedelic phase, we
accept only substance. At some
point, we have to find both.
(Schwartz, a regular contribu-
tor to EFS for the past several
years, is now an officer of the U.S.
National Student Association.)


Letters: The LSA Steering Committee

To the Editor:
YOUR MISS Meredith Eiker has
an unbelievably erroneous pic-
ture of the literary college steering
committee, as her article and edi-
torial (Oct. 20) plainly demon-
Her theme seems to be that last
Tuesday the committee underwent
majoruorthoplastic surgery and
was duly transformed from an in-
effectual, do-nothing, conglomera-
tion of idealists to a Vital Source
of Power, Energy, and Action.
Frankly, we were at the meeting
Tuesday, and the discussion was '
no more lively or fruitful than
WE MADE PLANS, as the com-
mittee has done for the past twen-
ty years; we decided that attack-
ing specific issues would get us
farther than merely decrying the
fact that nobody in the college
seems terribly interested in educa-
tion, as the committee has done
for the past twenty years.
To Miss Eiker, who claims that,
"For years and years its members
have sat in on weekly meetings
intelligently discussingvarious stu-
dent problems-but only discus-
sing," it may come as a shock that
the steering committee initiated
the junior year abroad program,
advised residential college on cui-
riculum, and, in conjunction with
the faculty curriculum committee,
was responsible for the recent
changes in distribution require-
ments and the new pass-fail po-
MOREOVER, although M is s
Eiker states that the members "are
hoping to institute 'student coun-
seling seminars' in which personal
counseling will come from upper-
class students" the fact remains
that these seminars have taken
place every semester except-and
the irony is exquisite-this Trans-
formed semester.
The relationship between the
committee and the faculty and
student body must also be cleared
up. Although Mr. Litven, the cur-
rent chairman is quoted as say-
ing, "We are aiming to be some-
thing more than a weak voice,"
the committee is not, and has
never claimed to be any kind of
student voice.
Student voice, if it were ever to
exist, would certainly find other

matters to shout about. Let's face
it: the vast majority of students
are ironically and appallingly
apathetic about academic affairs.
DESPITE MISS Eiker's state-
ment that the members of the
committee are "appointed," every
spring interested students have a
well-publicized chance to petition
for membership. On the basis of
this document and an interview by
the current committee, the stu-
dents are either accepted or re-
Thus, the membeis represent, if
anyone, the tiny peicentage of
students who are seriously inte-
rested in not only in the philo-
sophical meaning and the value
of an education at the univeisity,
but also in embroiling themselves
in and figthing the current mal-
functioning academic machina-
It is true that much of the steer-
ing committee's "prestige" stems
from the fact that "it has not ag-
gravated the faculty too much."
IN THIS connection, it must be
noted that the committee avoids
incurring administrative wrath
precisely because it works fairly
quietly, and the faculty can take
the committee into its confidence
without feeling that whatever it
(the faculty) is currently consider-
ing will not be broadcast all over
campus prematurely and in a
twisted, erroneous manner. Cer-
tainly, if nothing else, Miss Eiker
has illustrated how this can hap-
FURTHERMORE, the Daily has
not always been very cooperative
in the past about publishing the
activities of the steering commit-
APPARENTLY, however, there
has been a change of heart on
your part. We only hope that in
the future this will do more good
than harm.
Miss Eiker observed that "Un-
doubtedly University administra-
tive bureaucracy will provide a
few major stumbling blocks for the
steering committee. But with per-
severance and continued accep-
tance of responsibility, the steer-
ing committee may be able to
overcome these obstacles."
This is a totally unrealistic at-
titude. The committee is purely

advisory in function. We have no
vote on any of the faculty com-
mittees on which we sit in. Once
our proposals, suggestions, and
comments have been fed into the
bureaucratic machinery, there is
nothing we can do but try to keep
track of where, if anywhere, they
went. For example, two years ago,
we tried to put through changes
in the cheating code and were
HOWEVER, IN ALL fairness,
Miss Eiker made one very valid,
if not original, statement when
she observed that "actions speak
louder than words."
Her whole article concerned
what she said the committee said
it was going to do this year. Now
let's look at what had actually
been done.
Miss Eiker's claims to the con-
trary not withstanding, in the past
student representatives have been
allowed to sit on only. the curricu-
lum committee and the adminis-
rtative sub-committee on cheating.
This semester for the first time
committee members will also at-
tend the meetings of the admis-

sions committee, and the adminis-
trative board. Also, representa-
tion on the curriculum commit-
tee was increased: But when were
these innovations actually made?
committees are starting to func-
tion now. But the plans were
drawn up last semester, so why
not mince the words, and give this
semester's program a chance to
speak for itself-through actions.
In conclusion, then, if you feel
it is your duty-and an admirable
one at that-to inform those stu-
dents who are seriously interested
in academic matters about what
the committee is doing, please just
tell the truth, and get your facts
and themes straight before dash-
ing of such dithyrambs.
Diane Lynn Saltz, '69
Robert E. Golden, '67
LSA Steering Committee
To the Editor:
IN THE OCTOBER 20th issue of
the Daily I read that Dean

Spurr was "travelling around the
country trying to 'sell' graduate
school deans on a new degree ..."
to be called the "Candidate in
Philosophy." Several weeks ago I
read another article in the Daily
quoting Dean Spurr concerning
the matter of "standards" and
"requirements" for the Ph.D. de-
When Dean Spurr returns to
Ann Arbor, I would like to see him
launch a campaign which a recent
speaker on campus-Hans Kung-
might call 'Truthfullness in the
Rackham School."
IT SEEMS HIGH time that the
august powers-to-be who set the
standards for those who seek the
Ph.D. in this university adopt one
requirement for the degree and
eliminate all others.
This requirement should be that
the candidate gain those experi-
ences and acquire that knowl-
edge which will make him compe-
tent in his field, with due con-
sideration given appropriate cog-
nate areas.
It is dishonest and hypocritical
for the .Rackham School to im-
pose superfluous requirements
upon students who must satisfy
such requirements as the expense
c4 needed skills, knowledge, and
experiences highly germane to
their fields of specialization.
ham's absolute position that a
reading knowledge of at least one
foreign language is a must for
every doctoral degree.
It is my opinion that such a
requirement remains on the books
because of the intellectual senility
of some who feel more comfortable
with such things as French and
finger painting than with reality.
If a student needs languages,
let him study five if necessary.
But if. a language appears to have
low priority in a given Ph.D. pro-
gram, then let the student make
better use of his time.
In my own case I will never
understand the relevance of
having had to translate into Eng-
lish the philosophy of John Dewey
which had been put in French by
4 Chinese author.
-George N. Vance, Jr.
Ph.D. applicant, Rackham
School of Graduate Studies



Boston 's Whites

HERE ARE THREE races in this
world," said Walter J. Lee, 17, a Bos-
ton high school senior, "white, negroid
and yellow.
"I'm Chinese and I'm yellow. So how
can the school committee suddenly de-
cide I'm white."
The Boston School Committee did de-
cide Thursday that 671 Chinese-Ameri-
can students are white in an attempt to
avoid charges that their schools are ra-
cially imbalanced. By a clever stroke of
racial 'definition they can now proudly
point to two predominantly Chinese
Schools and claim that they art not ra-
cially imbalanced.
THE STATE racial imbalance law de-
fines an imbalanced school as one with
a more than 50 per cent non-white pop-
ulation. Under this law the state has
withheld funds from the Boston school
system until a satisfactory 'plan was in-
troduced to alleviate the segregation.
Little did the committee know that
by reclassifying the Chinese students as
white and leaving their parents in the
non-white category, it has now desegre-
gated the housing units of the Boston
HE RULING to reclassify Chinese stu-
dents would hardly seem to fill the bill.
The next logical step for the policy-mak-
ers of the Boston school system would be
to reclassify all Negro school children as
white also. They would then have racial-
ly balanced schools and could point with
parochial pride to their all-white popu-
Business Staff
SUSAN PERLSTADT, Business Manager
JEFFREY LEEDS ..... Associate Business Manager
HARRY BLOCH ................ Advertising Manager
STEVEN LOEwENTHAL .... .. Oirculation Manager
ELIZABETH RHEIN ............, Personnel Director

Justice, following the Boston prece-
dent, could reclassify the entire world
population as white.
Then someone would finally have to
do something about all those poor whites.
AS MICHIGAN proceeds toward its edu-
cational Master Plan, Mario Savio's
remarks in the October issue of Harper's
offer some pertinent advice on the sub-
ject to students here:
'THE HISTORY of the adoption of the
Master Plan and a careful study of
the Muscatine Report show that faculty
members and students are consistently
excluded from those groups of legisla-
tors, bureaucrats, and businessmen which
make the most far-reaching deci-
sions concerning the development and re-
form of the University.
"Those of us whose lives are directly
involved are denied any effective voice in
these decisions which structure and per-
vert our immediate, daily environment.
"What has become of the 'consent of
the governed?'
"PERHAPS students at other large uni-
versities can benefit from Berkeley's
mistake. For our early fears of the Mus-
catine Committee apply in varying de-
grees to all large universities in need of
"No one can speak for students but
students. And we will secure the right to
a decent education only when we have
organized ourselves independently of
both faculty and administration, in much
the same way that workers have orga-

'.. .But, nothing for him . .. I'm driving ...'

t . a . .. , .. .. . .. . .. . . ... .a . . ... .. . .. .. . .. .. . . . . . _ ,. _ . ... . . . . .v , ".::::: . r: . . .
. .. .. v O.. .., ......:.. ... .. '

Last of a Series
THE PRESENT Selective Service
Act expires in less than 10
months. There is no excuse for
extension of the current system,
with its inefficient use of man-
power and gross inequities.
A synthesis of the widely-vary-
ing proposals for reform can pro-
vide a system which is both equi-
table and capable of meeting the
nation's military and civilian
manpower needs.
The following suggestions would
form the basis of such a system:
untary national service should be
provided as an alternative to the
military draft. Presently, Peace
Corps and Vista volunteers receive
deferments while in service but
are not given permanent exemp-

* LOTTERY. Some form of lot-
tery should be established to
choose the men required for the
armed services. A sound plan for
such a lottery has been proposed
by Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-
The names of all men turning
18 in a given year would be placed
in a national pool and the names
of those to be inducted arbitrar-
ily drawn.
Students wishing to complete
their education would be allowed
to take deferments, but would
then have to take their chances
with the 18-year-old group when
they graduate.
These deferments would also be
contingent on national security
manpower needs.
TO PROVIDE for implementa-
tion of the lottery along with vol-

something similar to the depres-
sion Civilian Conservation Corps,
could be created to eliminate this
If a man did not qualify for
any form of national service, or
if he changed his mind about en-
tering civilian service, his name
would be placed in the current
draft lottery.
Although the exact effects of
a non-military alternative on the
military manpower supply cannot
be predicted, it is felt that given
the choice between possible mili-
tary service and certain civilian
service, enough men will choose to
take their chances with the lot-
tery. In addition, pay and term-
of-duty differentials could serve
to make the lottery alternative
more attractive to many.
* WOMEN. By not drafting

Past objections to use of wom-
en for military service have been
subjective, based on tradition, and
essentially meaningless. Compelled
by a small population and grave
threats to its national integrity,
Israel has had great success util-
izing women in all military capaci-
ties. Though the need in the Unit-
ed States is not as pressing, this
country cannot afford to pass up
half of its potential manpower
* STANDARDS. The armed
services currently have a single
standard, medical and mental, for
all men. However, the vast va-
riety of jobs in the armed services
clearly call for differential stand-
While a combat soldier must be
in top physical condition, there is
no reason why a . ngil-gusgher in

* CIVILIANS. The armed serv-
ices currently use vast numbers of
uniformed men in jobs that could
easily be filled by civilians (as
well as inducted women). The
Defense Department could ease
the pressure on military manpow-
er by simply hiring civilian em-
ployes to fill these jobs.
Civilian employes wouldbe par-
ticularly useful in domestic ad-
ministrative and supply capaci-
provide a panacea for the prob-
lems of the draft; there is no
perfect system that will satisfy
everyone. There will always be
those who are philosophically op-
posed to the concept of compul-
sory national service in any form.
However, when dealing with a
system such as the draft, one must

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