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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1966
NIGHT EDITOR: LAURENCE MEDOW
. I I
FPA Acts Wisely
On Draft Referendum
AFAUICA AFF CG;
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THE FRATERNITY Presidents' Assem-
bly Thursday night passed a resolu-
tion declaring its support of the Student
Government Council's referendum on the
draft, and its desire that the decision be
binding on the administration's policy.
Not only is the FPA's support of SGC
a commendable move, but the discus-
sion that accompanied the decision was
At last month's meeting the Assembly
greeted a proposal on the referendum
with so little enthusiasm that not one
member seconded the motion; thus no
debate was opened on the issue.
AT THURSDAY'S meeting debate was
opened and Nelson Lande, '67, the
sponsor of the resolution, answered ques-
tions concerning the referendum and its
relation to the resolution.
After discussion bogged down, Richard
Van House, '67, IFC president, asked Stu-
dent Government Council President Ed
Robinson, '67, to come before the As-
sembly, and clarify the issues before them.
After further discussion the resolution
The discussion was promising in that
it demonstrated the FPA's concern in
matters that affect the student body as
a whole-not only those that are limited
to the affairs of the fraternity system
WHILE SUPPORTING the referendum
as a whole, the FPA wisely avoided
taking a position on any of the particu-
lar issues in the referendum.
The FPA should serve the fraternities
and the student body, in issues such as
the draft, by acting in a public relations
role. Their purpose is to make the issues
and arguments known to the public, to
arouse the students' interest in the is-
sues, and thus put a greater number of
students in a position to decide for them-
If the FPA were to take a position on
the issues in the referendum, it would
be detrimental to its role of public in-
IN THE FUTURE we hope that the FPA
can continue to discuss matters on
the same level of constructive curiosity.
Such discussion can only further the
knowledge of FPA's members and stimu-
late meaningful proposals in the future.
Both will help FPA.
We also hope that the FPA will con-
tinue to address itself to issues that con-
cern not only fraternities, but also the
general welfare of the student body -
such as the movement to lower the vot-
ing age to 18.
Its active involvement in these mat-
ters can combat the apathy that is all too
often formed by a lack of public knowl-
edge of the issues involved. Van House's
desire that the individual houses partici-
pate in the speaker program organized by
SGC to inform students of the issues, is
a desirable step in this direction.
-MARK R. KILLING SWORTH
CRAT TAVO 6
t[2 00 15~
Tougaloo:How To Grow a Colleg
By CLINTON BOURDON
Collegiate Press Service
U NDER SUCH "Pop" titles as
"Matriculation Matrix" and
"How to Grow a College," recent
issues of two major architectural
magazines, Progressive Architec-
ture and Architectural Forum,
featured enthusiastic reviews of
the new proposed master plan for
Tougaloo College, Miss.
The design, prepared by Gun-
nar Birkerts & Associates of
Birmingham, Mich., under a grant
from the Cummins Foundation of
Columbus, Ind., received wide pub-
licity for incorporating some of
the more revolutionary concepts
current in both architecture and
THE PLAN is designed to be
completed in stages and will trans-
form Tougaloo's rolling 500-acre
campus, now dotted with plain
box-like brick buildings, into a
single inter-connected structure
containing all the facilities of the
college. At ground level are drive-
ways, parking area, and delivery
Above these, rising on piles sunk
through the unstable clay of the
hilly site, is the central "matrix"
of the college: lecture halls, sem-
inar rooms, offices, laboratories,
and administrative offices.
This structure, from one to
three stories high depending on
space needs and topography, is
designed for "maximum flexibil-
ity and original planning as well
as for future alterations and ad-
ditions." This planned fluidity of
interior space is belied by the
external clarity and rigidity of the
A WALKWAY system over the
rooftops of the matrix provides
access to the third level of dormi-
tories: long linear two-story bands
crossing the academic level at
right angles and extending out
over the slopes on massive pil-
lars. The dorms ;are planned in
linear series of independent "hous-
es" of 50 students with a resident
Though all of these elements
are organized on a rectangular
grid, the most creative aspect of
the design is that it actually func-
tions as a radial system. Each of
the linear elements, isolated in
the landscape at one end, leads
directly into the core of the cam-
HERE the overlapping systems
of academic and residential struc-
tures create a framework for the
central plaza that contains the
few entirely separate units on the
campus: the library, gym, theatre
and the only freestanding, sculp-
tural building, the chapel.
As an introduction to the whole
complex, two. widespread arms of
dormitory structure create a vast
funnel-shaped space leading to
the heart of the plaza.
Exchange students, returning
to Northern universities after a
semester at Tougaloo, have re-
marked on the air of informality
and flexibility of its students and
faculty concerning the attitudes in
and the location of classes. Birk-
ert's plan attempts to realize this
atmosphere by mixing academic
and activity space with housing.
IN THE ARCHITECT'S words,
he tried to "1) build a total aca-
demic community... which does
not reach back stylistically Into
tradition and nostalgia; and 2) to
create a 24-hour philosophical and
physical environment where living,
learning, and socializing are
merged and where maximum ex-
change is ensouraged between stu-
dents, faculty and community."
Not only does this type of plan-
ned college create such a com-
prehensive educational environ-
ment, it also promotes the kind
of close social contacts and over-
lapping uses of land characteris-
tics of urban life.
This is no accident, for it is
hoped that the very "urbanity"
of the place will help students
from the still predominantly rural
South to adjust to a contempor-
ary and totally urban culture. The
effects of this social and cultural
shock-if, indeed, "shock" can be
produced by a town of 2500-are,
of course, yet to be seen.
(Bourdon is a staff writer for
the Brown Daily Herald.)
Radock's Advisory Board
STUDENT PARTICIPATION at the Uni-
versity's top level was given a boost
recently with the establishment of an
advisory board to Vice-President for Uni-
versity Relations Michael Radock.
Radock has been working closely with
Student Government Council since early
1965 to plan the basis, structure and func-
tion of the committee..
Ideally, the committee will act as a
communications link between students,
student organizations and the University
RADOCK WILL DISCUSS policy prob-,
lems and suggestions with committee
members, and they in turn will act as a
"sounding board" for the opinions of var-
ious organizations and campus groups.
The committee is composed of public
relations directors from student organi-
zations such as SGC, University Activi-
ties Center, Interfraternity Council and
Panhellenic. It is chaired by Bob Smith,
'67, SGC representative, and will operate
The group will hold two monthly meet-
ings-one of its own, and one with Rad-
THE COMMITTEE'S potential is great.
But it is up to the committee's mem-
bers to take the initiative and utilize that
potential. If they do, the group will not
be a mere opinion gatherer for Radock,
but rather a body with genuine influ-
ence in the University's public relations
Such influence could give the student
organizations involved a part in the de-
termination of general University policy.
Right now, however, the committee's
mere existence is significant.
Letters: A Reluctant Vote for Vivian
Expensive Scrap Pile
A LEGISLATIVE paradox: how can one
of the decade's most publicized scien-
tific research' programs be more expen-
sive to abandon than estimated original-
ly to complete it?
The answer is governmental indecision
The program is project Mohole, an am-
bitious attempt to bort through about
six miles of the Earth's outer crust to ex-
plore the composition, magnetism and
temperature of the mantle.
BATTED AROUND for four years, the
program gained the nickname "project
Nohole" and the on-again, off-again
character of its planning ran up a tab of
Highly publicized and heavily funded
by the National Science Foundation, its
scope broadened from its inception as a
$15 million drilling in 1962 to a $127 mil-
lion behemoth in 1966. It encountered op,-
position all along the way, but its pro-
ponents managed to push it to the point
of awarding contracts.
LAST MONTH, when Congress finally
refused to appropriate any more funds
for the project, a half-built drill rig and
specially designed bit became surplus
and several dozen program directors were
out of a job.
Total cost of abandoning the work and
disposing of the equipment will run more
than $16 million.
With a little more forethought and co-
operation, the $36 million spent for this
fiasco cost could have completed the pro-
gram and we would now have valuable
AS IT IS, we have only a very expensive
pile of scrap metal and some bitter
Anyone want to buy a 17,000 foot drill
IN A RECENT New York Review of
Books article, Hans J. Morganthau had
some thought-provoking things to say
about the state of the presidency today:
".. , TODAY THE POWER of the Presi-
dent sweeps all before it. The Su-
preme Court has become his ally, and the
Congress stirs but half-heartedly an in-
effectually in its bondage.
"Mass communications, with very few
and again half-hearted exceptions are at
his service. The individual citizen oppos-
ing the President's powers and policies,
may fulfill the mission of keeping the
voice of conscience alive, but as for his
political effectiveness, he might as well
talk to himself.
"'WHEN THEODORE ROOSEVELT said
that he had only one wish, to be for
24 hours President, Congress and the Su-
preme Court at the same time he was
daydreaming. Lyndon Johnson has
achieved what Theodore Roosevelt was
dreaming about, and for more than 24
"What is so ominous in our present
situation is not that the President has re-
asserted his powers, but that in the proc-
ess he has reduced all countervailing
powers, political and social, to virtual
To the Editor:
A Letter to Rep. Weston E. Vivian
THE CONGRESSIONAL race in
which you are involved has
caused me to undergo a most pain-
ful kind of soul-searching.
In a sense, it has crystallized
all the issues which have plagued
me during five years of various
kinds of political activity. It has
especially caused me to ree-xam-
ine my decision of last spring to
actively work for the Democratic
I will vote for you in this elec-
tion. But I think you should know
how much I resent being in the
position I am in-one which, I
am sure you realize, is shared by
many voters in this district,
I WANT my vote to be as moral
and as meaningful as possible. A
vote for Elise Boulding would cer-
tainly be moral. She sees, as you
apparently refuse to, that the war
in Viet Nam is the issue which
pervades all our lives, which over-
shadows and encompasses every
But in an election as close as
this one, a vote for Elise Bould-'
ing clearly jeopardizes your chanc-
es for re-election. It is therefore
fortunate for you that your Re-
publican opponents is so com-
pletely unpalatable to most of us.
If Mr. Esch were only a bit
better, or you a bit worse, Elise
Boulding would be the only pos-
In casting my vote for you, I
am voting for a man who has
shown himself so contemptuous of
voters that he feels that an "is-
sue-oriented" campaign would be
I am voting for a man who has
rejected a large body of previous
supporters for what are appar-
ently reasons of political self-in-
I am voting for a man who has
refused to speak out on Viet Nam
or the House Committee on Un-
American Activities during the
campaign, and who even appears
to wince when his more liberal
statements are quoted in public.
BUT I CANNOT vote for Elise
Boulding because I am not con-
vinced that such a vote would
have any practical meaning. I feel
certain that a few thousand votes
for Mrs. Boulding will go unno-
ticed in LBJ's consensus tower.
If there is any chance that my
vote for you will be interpreted
as approval of the administra-
tion's Viet Nam policies, let me
at least make it clear to you, my
spokesman in Congress, that the
opposite is the case.
The alternatives, as I see them,
are these. You may win the elec-
nothing in your record which con-
vinces me that your concerns are
You do need Republican votes to
win this election. But many Re-
publicans recognize the hopeless-
ness of our present course, and
would welcome such proposalsas
U Thant's for ending the war. And
even the harshest pragmatist will
tell you that you also need the
votes of the alienated Democrats.
Most of all, you need the cour-
age and integrity to take a stand,
regardless of the fact that elec-
tion time is here.
To the Editor:
THE INJUSTICES and ineffi-
ciencies that result from the
process of preclassification are
well-known features of our uni-
I have experienced them over
and over and I am convinced
that my academic career has suf-
fered because of them. I tried to
understand and accept. After to-
day's occurrences, my tolerance
has been exhausted. Please listen
to my story.
I am a serious student who is
very much concerned with getting
a valuable education. I've learned
somewhere along the way that it
is important to get preclassifica-
tion done early so as to get my
desired courses before they close.
I MADE' an appointment with
my counselor minutes after the
office was open for appointments.
I worked out a good program that
my counselor was pleased to sign
without question since he was run-
ning 45 minutes behind schedule.
I breathed easy. I had signed
up early. Nothing could be closed.
I was excited about my courses-
especially an English course with
one of my favorite professors.
Is it possible I beat the system?
(I bet you know the answer al-
WELL, a few days later I heard
a rumor that the time schedule
was wrong. My favorite professor
was not teaching the section in-
dicated, but the other one.
I. checked with the English de-
partment and they affirmed the
rumor. I went back to the coun-
seling office to get a "drop and
add" slip planning to switch sec-
tions. But wait, there is no al-
lowance for section switching.
That's up to the department.
I returned to the English de-
partment and I am told I must
wait until registration.
NOW I'M NO DOPE. I've dealt
with the English department be-
fore and I know all the sections
are closed to those who preclassi-
fied by the time registration
The absurdity is that the course
is open now but there is no way
for me to get into it. My sup-
posedly valuable early preclassi-
fication appointment and the
eternal inaccurate time schedule
fouled me up.
My only alternative was to with-
draw my preclassification mater-
ials and take my chances at reg-
istration in January. This seems
to be the only way for a student
to beat the system and to some-
how control his selection of cours-
IF THIS BE SO, and students
catch on to this method, preclas-
sification will be ignored and reg-
istration will become a wild and
The system will truly have been
beat, and a new one will have to
-Sarah Pokempner, '67
To the Editor:
FLETCHER HALL was built by
the Dormitories Corporation,
composed of alumni who bought
stock for the purpose of provid-
ing inexpensive student housing.
When Fletcher had paid for it-
self, the stock was to be retired,
with the University owning the
Unfortunately, Fletcher was
mismanaged from the beginning.
There wasn't a still in the attic,
as Becky Klock maintains in her
article (Oct. 7) in the Daily, but
on Nov. 2, 1929, Fletcher was
raided by police acting on a tip
that it was being used as a
bootleg distribution point.
A quantityof liquor, discovered
in the attic, was seized. Nation-
wide publicity followed, provok-
ing the University to order all
students out of the dorm for the
rest of the semester.
WITH THE DEPRESSION, af-
fairs of the Dormitories Corpora-
tion deteriorated further. Annual
reports weren't filed for two years,
so the corporation lost its char-
Following. stockholder urging,
the University purchased Fletcher
Hall at a tax sale in 1933, although
not, as Miss Klock writes, "eager"
to do so.
In 1931, Shirley Smith, Univer-
sity secretary, wrote: "If any co-
operation of ours is going to be
misunderstood as indicating any-
thing like eagerness on the part
of the University to secure the
building, we wish to avoid any
such false position."
SURE, Fletcher had girls, but
not from 1950 to 1960, as The
Daily, which announced on Mayt
19, 1954, that women would be
moving in, should know. The
change was made because of a
women's housing shortage. The ar-
rangement was to be temporary,
and after Markley was built,
demise it served as a pilot proj-
ect for the Oxford Housing ex-
periment, which flourishes still.
So Oxford Housing also is in-
directly descended from Fletcher
Hall, granddaddy of men's dorms
Fletcher President, 1963
Vote at 18
To the Editor:
THE VERY SLOGAN of the
Michigan Citizens' Committee
for the Vote at Eighteen indi-
cates their vulnerability to falla-
cious logic and what Plato would
call "sham oratory."
It is very true that one is old
enough to fight, and, if necessary,
die for his country at the age of
18; however, the qualities de-
manded of a competent soldier
are far different than those re-
quired of a responsible voter.
In the first situation, one must
have a sturdy body and the bare
minimum of intelligence neces-
sary to comprehend the instruc-
tions of his superior; voting re-
quires the intelligence to differen-
tiate between the candidate's po-
sitions on pertinent issues (the
physical composition of the per-
son involved is irrelevant).
THE SOLDIER is led into bat-
tIe, and is given specific directions
concerning proper procedure; the
voter is alone in the poll booth,
and must make his decision ac-
cording to the beliefs he has for-
mulated through mature and ex-
perienced judgment. The soldier
merely executes policy; the voter
must determine it.
Using the same slogan, would\
you then continue and say "Too
old to fight, too old to vote!" or
"Women and 4-F's don't fight,
therefore they shouldn't vote!"?
THER ARE several valid rea-
sons why one should be allowed
to vote at 18.
Why, then, do you attempt to
further your cause by the use of
a slogan which, when examined,
indicates a lack of ability to dis-
criminate between a statement
which is right, and one which
merely sounds right?
-Naomi Richman, 170
All letters must be typed,
double-spaced and should be no
longer than 300 words. All let-
ters are subject to editing;
those over 300 words will gen-
erally be shortened.
"I've Got An Idea, Chief - Let's Send A
Great Armada Against England!"