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October 15, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-10-15

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fCSAU 111LM Il




iet Nam



WASHINGTON ('P)-For many
military men, Secretary of De-
fense Robert S. McNamara's sum-
mation yesterday that military
progress in Vietnam the past year
"has exceeded our expectations"
can be put another way:
The Viet Cong and North Viet-
namese have not staged a sus-
tained major offense since the
bitter Ia Drang battle last fall.
Pentagon sources acknowladge,
however, there have been several
significant battle initiated by the
enemey this year-including a Viet
Cong attack on a Special Forces
camp at Ashau in the spring and
some attacks against Operation

Hastings near the Demilitarized
But these can be measured in
terms of days," one source said,
pointing out that the Ia Drang
battle lasted nearly four weeks last
October and November.
McNamara, upon his return
early yesterday from a four-day
inspection trip in South Vietnam,
praised the war effort there. He
said the Viet Cong have "been un-
able to mount the monsoon offen-
sive they had planned for the per-
iod June through October of this
year, and offensive designed to cut
the country in half at its narrow

In his news conference Thurs-
day, President Johnson also said
a Viet Cong monsoon offensive
McNamara credited this failure
to the combined military pressure
of the South Vietnamese and U.S.
and other free world forces.
But many military men, both
here and in Saigon, tend to play
down the notion of monsoon of-
fensives, saying there is no such
thing as a monsoon that blankets
Vietnam. When it's rainy in the
South, these officers point out, it's
usually dry and cool in the North.
"This monsoon weather has been
overestimated as a factor," one

Pentagon officer said. "It's not'
that bad."
He and others said the increased
firepower and mobility of helicop-
ters offset the lessened U.S. capa-
bility for low-level bombing in
bad weather. Nor has the weather
curtailed the effectiveness of the
huge B-52 bombers, which fly over
the clouds and use radar to find
their targets.
As a U.S. field commander in
Vietnam said, "Don't forget that
Communists, even guerrillas, get'
rained on too. Their movements
are slowed and their supplies and
equipment get wet the same as
anybody else."

Thus ,these men argue, the same
factors that prevented the monsoon
attacks also have effectively bot-
tled up Communist battle plans
since last November. They describe
these factors as, 1) the increased
U.S. buildup, 2) improved intelli-
gence-spawned partly by increas-
ing Viet Cong defections and cap-
tures-and, 3) U.S.-led search and
destroy missions, the so-called
spoiler oprations.
Military men, however, are care-
ful to note there is evidence to
support McNamara's and others'
contention that the Viet Cong and
North Vietnamese anticipated a
Bombing Viet
Buffer Zone
May Resume

successful offensive during the
monsoon season.
Captured Viet Cong plans show
that these planned offensives in-
r A drive across the Demili-
tarized Zone to cut off Highway 1
between Quang Tri and Da Nang.+
* Control of the rich, rice-pro-
ducing central highlands, inclu-
ding the cities of Pleiku and Kon
Tum and Highway 19. Military
sources say this apparently is the
plan McNamara referred to as the
drive to "cut the country in half
at its narrow waist."
" Control of the Key Phouc
Tanh and Long Khanh provinces 7

McN amara
near Saigon, including Highway average about 15,000 men a month.
15. The ultimate goal was to sur- McNamara also praised the mo-
round and threaten Saigon. rale among U.S. troops and an-
None of these offensives ever nounCed that 11,614 officers and
materialized. One high source in- men had volunteered to extend
dicated that the enemy still may their tours of duty in Vietnam. He
attempt an offensive along the said again, however, that the Unit-
Cambodian border, but described ed States has no intention of
the Communists as "licking their sengthening the current 12-month
wounds" elsewhere. tours. of duty there.
After his arrival at Andrews Air On the gloomy side, the defense
Force Base in suburban Maryland, secretary said, "The only area that
McNamara repeated statements I obeserved in which I think pro-
made earlier in Saigon that there gress has been less than satis-
is no "reason to believe that de- factory was that of the rural de-
ployments of U.S. forces" to South velopment program. It's an area
Vietnam will change significantly that I think will require increasing
in the future. Deployments now attention during the coming year."





Communist, Neutral Countries
Demand Halt in Viet Bombing




Hanoi Is Warned

Unions Plan
3-Year Pact
White House, Meany
Announce Settlement;
Pav, Benefits Raised
General Electric Co. and 11 unions
agreed yesterday on a new three-
year contract providing an esti-
mated 51-cent increase in wages
and fringe benefits. It-averted a
scheduled strike of 125,000 work-
The settlement, reached in a
sudden breakthrough after 12 days
of seemingly deadlocked negotia-
tions, was announced almost sim-
ultaneously by the White House
and AFL-CIO President George
. The strong possibility of a Taft-
Hartley Act injunction by Presi-
dent Johnson to delay any strike
for 80 days because of defense pro-
duction appeared to have played
a major role in the settlement.
The negotiators were working
against a Sunday midnight strike
The AFL-CIO International
Union of Electrical Workers-the
biggest of the 11 unions with some
80,000 General Electric workers-
estimated the value of the new
contract at "something around
five per cent per year," or about
51 cents in increased wages and
fringe benefits over the three
It includes 28 cents an hour in
wage increases and a maximum of
10.5 cents an hour in cost-of-living
pay increases over the life of the
Meany described the agreement
as "a major accomplishment for
collective bargaining" with Gen-
eral Electric.
But he dwelt at some length
during a news conference on the
failure of the unions to win new
arbitration procedures to settle
grievances which now lead to fre-
quent strikes.
"It doesn't make a great deal
of sense to sign an agreement and
then have a strike about the
meaning of the contract signed,"
Meany said.
The unions claim that the com-
pany, at many of its approximate-
ly 160 plants, changed wages and
working conditions without notice
and that the only recourse in most
cases now is to strike.
"The attitude of the company
provokes such strikes," Meany
He added that the 11-union
combine would work during the
life of the new contract to solve
the grievances and if necessary
"to exercise fully the right to
strike if this becomes necessary."
The conference board of the
electrical workers union will meet
in New York on Sunday and is
expected to give final approval to
the contract. The other unions,
which have historically bargained
locally with the company, will
work out local plant issues and in
most cases submit the contract to
a vote of their members.
The agreement was described by
a government source as "a major
!? victory" for Johnson. He had suf-
fered his first setback in major
labor disputes when the AFL-CIO
International Association of Ma-
chinists recently rejected a con-
tract reached at the White House
with five major airlines before
going on to reach an agreement


Troos jUNITED NATION, N.Y. OP) - both sides, provided there were
Communist and Neutral nations matching steps by Hanoi.
U.S. Military Position pressed their demands yesterday The spokesman commented that
for an unconditional cessation to Johnson spoke more forcefully
SAIGON, South Vietnam ()-A the U.S. bombing of North Viet- when he ruled out a unilateral
U.S. spokesman said yesterday nam despite emphatic rejection by pause in the bombing with the
that attacks will resume on the President Johnson of any such statement that it had been tried
eastern end of the old demilitar- move now. twice before with no letup by the
ized zone, bomb-free for 18 days, Secretary-General U Thant per-; Communists in theii militay ac-
unless Communist troops top in- sisted also in pushing for the tivity.
filtrating there. unilateral action by the United
"We are not going to allow our States as the first step in his own In Washington, Sen. Vance
nmilitary position to be jeopard- three-point plan to promote Viet- Hartke, (D-Ind.), said that as "for
ized," the spokesman said. B-52 nam peace negotiations. the tactics of bombing, I think this
jet bombers hit again at Red trails While most U.N. diplomats de- is a matter for military decision."
and bivouac areas across the zone's clined to be quoted by name in But he added that suspension of
central sector. dinetnb ot byonm in the bombing "would be an essen-
ThewaringtoHani t clarcommenting on Johnson's rejec-
The warning to Hanoi to clear tion made at his news conference tial ingredient to ultimate negoti-
its forces out of the seaward end Thursday it was obvious many ations." Hartke was a moving
of the six-mile-wide zone followed hoped for an eventual change in force behind Senate doves who
up President Johnson's reminder the U.S. position. sent a letter to Johnson last Jan-
in a White House news conference uary asking him not to resume
Thursday that the enemy had not Some speculated it might come bombing.
paused during the American bomb- while Johnson attended the Asian.
ing halts in mid-May 1965 and conference on Vietnam in Manila
over the yearend. jHlate this month.
The US. spokeman announced, A U.N. spokesman said Thant H opes
the U.S. and South Vietnamese I would have no comment on the
governments "will be obliged to IJohnson statement, but sources VI41.4D1 1-

Ambassador Halim Budo of Al-
bania, whose country reflects the
views of Peking, said, "We are not
interested in negotiations. The
only issue is for the United States
to get out of Vietnam and get out
A British spokesman would not
comment directly on the Johnson
statement, but he said that there
was no real conflict with the peace
plan put forward here by British
Foreign Secretary George Brown
earlier in the ,week.
The British plan calls for an end
to the U.S. bombing after agree-
ment by Hanoi to enter peace
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
A. Gromyko, en route home to
Moscow, denounced the U.S. stand
and reiterated the Communist de-
mands for a military withdrawal.
r ooperation
'ower' Groups
power slogan." He endorsed a
statement issued Thursday by sev-
eral Negro leaders aimed at repu-
diating the black power philosophy
but did not condemn or repudiate
any individual or leaders of the
black power movement.
Instead, King read a statement
defending his nonviolent methods
as the most effective, and warning
against extremism. The statement,
resulted from two days of private
talks between King and officials
of the Southern Christian Leader-
ship Conference which he heads.
King said, however, that he en-
dorses a statement issued Thurs-
day in New York by seven nation-
al Negro leaders aimed at repudi-
ating black power and affirming
integration as a goal, nonviolence
as the method.

--Associated Press
President Johnson pauses to chat with British Foreign Secretary George Brown during a walk
yesterday in the south grounds of the White House. Brown came to Washington for tcp level
conferences on the war in Viet Nam and U.S.-British security interests.
Slash Anti-Poverty Allotment,
Boost Educational Programs

respond" to any continuation of
what he charged.was Red military
activity within the 30-square-mile
sector of the border buffer terri-
tory bewteen Highway 1 and the
South China Sea.
Washington orders put that sec-
tor off limits to American war-
planes Sept. 27. This was to pro-
mote a study by the International
Control Commission, a three-na-
tion watchdog agency, of viola-
tions of the 1954 Geneva treaty
which delineated the zone as neu-
tral territory.
But the Communists stalled off
investigators who sought to cross
into their side of the zone. And
commission sources said privately
the risk of sniper fire was too
great to keep the unarmed inspec-
tion teams in that area.
The spokesman said the decision
to respond to continued violations
was reached late Thursday near
the end of McNamara's four-day
visit to Vietnam. He said there has
been a continuing North Vietnam-
ese army presence in the eastern
end and this presense is "heavy
enough to justify a response."
Among other developments:
* The military command an-
nounced U.S. warplanes flew a rec-
ord 173 missions over North Viet-
nam on Thursday, topping their
previous high of 171 on Sept. 11.
" Operations yesterday cost the
Air Force an F-105 Thunderchief,
the 399th American plane shot
down above the border. Parachut-
ing to earth 70 miles northwest of
Vinh, the pilot was rescued by a
* A 700-vehicle convoy escorted
by U.S. infantrymen and Vietnam-
ese troops broke the Viet Cong
hold on long stretches of High-
way 13. The truckers delivered rice
for 40,000 people in rubber planta-
tion country 80 miles north of
Saigon and returned with 2,500
tons of raw rubber, a vital export
worth $2 million. Only a few guer-
rilla shots were reported, and no-
body was hit.

close to the secretary-general said
he was disappointed.
The spokesman said Thant still
Pas rushing his plan in private
talks with U.N. diplomats. In ad-
dition to the halt in the bombing
he is urging a slowdown in mili-
tary activity by both sides and
recognition of the Viet Cong in
peace negotiations.
Both Hanoi and Peking have
dealt harshly with Thant's plan,
calling it a front for U.S. designs
to keep military bases in South-
east Asia. But Thant does not re-
gard the criticism an outright re-
jection by North Vietnam.
A U.S. spokesman said John-
son's stand corresponds with the
offer made by Ambassador Arthur
J. Goldberg in the General As-
sembly on Sept 21 to halt the
bombing and agree to a supervised
phased military withdrawal by

ATLANTA, Ga. (/P)-Dr. Martin
Luther King Jr., backing away
from "furthering any divisions,"
said yesterday that the resolutely
opposes violence and separatism in
the civil rights struggle but held
out hope of cooperation with
"back power" groups.
"The vast majority of Negroes
seek only to share power," King
said. He disclosed at a news con-
ference plans for a nationwide
campaign seeking a guaranteed
annual income for the poor.
The annual-income drive will be
organized immediately, King said,
and will necessitate demonstra-
tions. "I believe this has real pos-
sibilities for success," he said.
King reaffirmed opposition to
"connotations of violence and
separatism attached to the black





Appropriations Committee aimed a
financial body blow at the anti-
poverty program yesterday but
voted to finance fully new educa-
tion programs.
It sent to the House floor for
consideration next week a bill to
provide $4.9 billion in new funds
for miscellaneous agencies, most
of it to be used during the fiscal
year ending next June 30.
Included are $1.56 billion for the
Office of Economic Opportunity,
wL ich administers antipovertlj
programs, and $2.17 bilion for
various forms of aid to education.
The education allotment is $18.5
million more than the administra-
tion had requested. The antipover-
ty share is $187.5 million less than
requested-a cut which Sargent
Shriver, director of the antipoverty
program, claimed last week would
threaten the "very existence" of
communityhaction undertakings to
aid the poor.
The over-all reduction in the bill
was $2.03 million.
It is the 15th and supposedly
final appropriation bill this year
and helped clear the way for
planned adjourment of Congress
late next week.
Along with the previous bills, it
represents administration requests
for $130.7 billion in appropriations,
in addition to an estimated total
of $13.8 billion in permanent ap-
propriations for such things as in"-
terest on the national debt.
The current outlook is that the
total House-voted appropriation
cuts when Congress adjourns will
be in the neighborhood of $260.5
million, but final action has not
been completed on several meas.-
The committee cut the allotment
for the Neighborhood Youth Corps

program $85 million below the
$410 million ceiling in a pending
authorization bill but still left it
$25 million more than Shriver had
originally requested.
Other cuts in antipoverty pro-
grams include $11 million from the
Job Corps, $50 million from spe-
cial impact programs, $18.25 mil-
lion from projects to provide jobs
on highway and park beautifica-
tion, $18.25 million from projects
to employ adults who have dif-
ficulty getting work elsewhere, and
$5 million from the VISTA pro-
gram known as the Domestic
Peace Corps.
For Operation Headstart to help
train preschool children, the coin-
mittee recommended $352 million,
the amount included in the pend-
ing authorization bill.
For various education programs,,

developing institutions, $722.7 mil-
lion for grants and loans to col-
leges and universities, and $76 mil-
lion for public library services and
To finance the new readjust-
ment benefits program for vet-
erans who served after Jan. 31,
1955, when eligibility under the
previous GI Benefits Act expired;
the committee approved the full
$327 million requested.
The $815.07 million for the De-
partment of Housing and Urban
Affairs is $30 million less than re-
Meanwhile backers of President
Johnson's demonstration cities bill
won key votes on cost and school-
busing issues and pushed for
House passage of the big slum ze-
habilitation measure.
The House turned back, 141-110,

the committee approved $1.34 bil- a Republican-backed move to
lion for elementary and secondary knock $900 million operating
schools, $30 million to strengthen authorization out of the bill.

f i)



world News Roundup


By The Associated Press
diplomatic hassle appeared to be
developing at the United Nations
yesterday as a result of the inva-
sion of the Syrian U.N. mission in
New York by a group of young
The incident touched off an
Arab-Soviet attack on the United
States in the U.N. Security Coun-
cil and brought expressions of re-
gret from numerous U.N. diplo-
mats. In private conversations,
some revived the sometime talk
of moving U.N. headquarters to
another country.

Wizard Robert M. Shelton yester-
day drew one year in prison and
a $1,000 fine-the maximum sen-
tence - for refusing to produce
books and records for the House
Committee on Un-American Ac-
The 36-year-old imperial wizard
of the United KMans of America,
Inc., of Tuscaloosa, Ala., was con-
victed of contempt of Congress by
a U.S. District Court jury here on
Sept. 14. It was in connection with
demands made on him by the com-
mittee when he testifed last Oc-
tober during its investigation of
Klan activities.

NEW YORK - Supreme Court
Justice Wilfred A. Waltemade has
ordered the arrest of Rep. Adam
Clayton Powell for civil contempt
"when the Congress is in recess."
Waltemade based his order yes-
terday on a finding by another
judge that Powell was guilty of
civil contempt for his wilful failure
to answer a Dec. 15, 1965, sub-
poena in proceedings connected
with the collection of $164,000 in
defamation judgments against the
Harlem legislator.
It was the second arrest order
made against Powell. The first was
in June 1964.

at Eastern Michinan University



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