SUNDAY, OCTOBER 9, x.966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 9,1966 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
Years After Nikita,
Changes Its Style
MOSCOW P,)-Two years of
new Soviet leadership since the
ouster of Nikitia S. Khrushchev
have brought significant changes
for the Kremlin.
At home, industry and agricul-
ture are being put on a more real-
istic basis that will bring them a
little 'closer to satisfying the needs
of the Soviet people.
Abroad, the Soviet Union re-
asserted its influence in Asia nd
within the world Communist
movement. These gains have been
at the expense of China, whose
competitive influence has waned.
On New Talk
Request by Britain
Of Geneva Rejected
UNITED NATIONS (P) - The
Soviet Union turned down a re-
quest from Britain yesterday that
the two set up a new Geneva
Conference to negotiate peace for
Foreign Minister Andrei A.
Gromyko, Soviet co-chairman of
! the 1954 Geneva Conference, got
the request from Foreign Secretary
George Brown, the present British
co-chairman, in an 80-minute talk
at the Soviet U.N. mission, in New
Brown asked Gromyko to join
him in reconvening the confer-
ence, British sources said, but the
response was not encouraging, and
there was no basic change in the
The Soviet position has been
that the conference should not be
reconvened now. In the last two
years, the Soviet Union has re-
jected repeated British requests for
a new conference, on grounds
either that the time was not ap-
propriate or that not all the par-
ticipants would attend.
After visiting Moscow last July,
Indian Prime Minister Indira
Gandhi said Soviet Prime Minister
Alexei N. Kosygin told her the
Soviet Union would not call a new
conference till North Viet Nam
asked for one.
The British sources said that
when Brown met Gromyko, both
men knew that North Viet Nam
had rejected the six-point plan for
peace in Viet Nam that Brown had
put forward Thursday in a speech
at the Labor party's annual con-
vention in Brighton, England.
But Brown feels he must keep
talking about how to end the war
in Viet Nam, they said, and he is
not going to be deterred by snap
reactions or reflex actions from
He will seek U.S. reaction to his
plan at meetings in New York to-
morrow with Ambassador Arthur
J. Goldberg, the United States'
chief delegate to the United Na-
Johnson, Gromkyo To Meet
WASHINGTON (P) - President
.Johnson carries his campaign to
thaw out U.S.-Soviet relations an-
other step tomorrow with a per-
sonal meeting with Foreign Min-
ister Andrei A. Gromyko.
No progress is in sight on Wash-
ington - Moscow differences over
Viet Nam. The Kremlin's official
news agency stressed Saturday
that Gromyko is "conducting no
negotiations" on the Southeast
The basic aspects of Communist industry remains more important While less exciting, the new Khrushchev added to the prob- promises more tractors, fertilizer,
rule and outlook remain unaffect- than consumers. leadership seems to Western dipio- lems with erratic attempts to solve and other resources for farmeis.
ed. But there has been a striking mats to be more rational. them. This and the way he rode Incentive payments for good crops
There is no sign the new leaders change in style here. Khruschev's Foreign observers here are im- roughshod over his colleagues were have been widened and more op-
have lost sight of the importance flamboyant one-man show has pressed by efforts to eliminate major reasons that they removed portunlty given to private garden-
of avoiding war with the United given way to bureaucratic man- problems that Joseph Stalin built him two years ago next Friday. ing.
States, despite Viet Nam. They are agement. into the economy 35 years ago. He Personal Interest The farm problems are. tenici-
primarily concerned with internal The ideology of Marxism has deprived agriculture and consumer The top man among the new ous and expensive to solve how-
progress - and that makes it Cs- faded farther into the background, industries of resources in order to leaders, General Secretary Leonid ever.
sential to keep conflicts contained replaced by the necessities of busi- develop heavy industries such as I. Brezhnez of the Communist par- Soviet agriculture is basically'
in distant parts of the world, nesslike administration. The new steel. ty, has taken a personal interest inefficient, primitive and rundown
leaders worry about the lack of The years made the problems in improving agriculture. His col- both in equipment and talented
The Communist party is unchal- p u 01 i c inspiration, particularly worse. Agriculture lagged behind league, Premier Alexei N. Kosy- manpower. Agronomists are scarce,
lenged as the centrally controlled among a cynical younger genera- needs and industrial production gin, is directing the attempt to weather fickle and the Soviet diet
elite that runs the country. Little tion, but seem unable to do any- got increasingly out of line with make industry work more sensibly. still heavily weighted with bread
dissent is heard publicly. Heavy thing about it. demand. Brezhnev's agricultural p 1 a n and potatoes.I
As the investment in agriculture
rises in an effort to overcome dec-
ades of neglect, the percentage of
return on money goes down at a
discouraging rate. Investment cap-
ital is scarce.
Kosygin's efforts to make the
economy work in a more feasible
way are encountering great con-
A small start is being made on
revising prices so they more ac-
nurnfA e t i r on t alue? Withouit
Money From Spacejraey refien v . W
Te nefronemigh this. it is hard to judge efficiency
The new farm money might be in Industry.
coming from the Soviet space pro-
gram, among other places. It has Price reform is tied to ideas of
been more than a year and a half Prof. Yevsei G. Liberman for a
since a Soviet cosmonaut gent more efficent system using profit
aloft. Meanwhile, U.S. astronauts motives and greater initiative of
have taken virtually every record factory managers. The Liberman
except the honors of being first. ideas are slow going into practice
BICKERING OVER SALARIES:
Viet Constitutional Assembly
Bogs Down in Preliminaries,
Silence on Jolmsoi SAIGON UP)-The creation of a
Proposals Indicates new constitution for South Viet
Weighing of Reasons Nam is getting off to a slow start.
gsA 117-member Constituent As-
MOSCOW (iP)-The Soviet Union sembly elected Sept. 11 to draft
has major reasons for deciding to the national charter as a first step
reject President Johnson's pro- toward a return ,in civilian rule
posal to reduce troops on both has been absorbed in procedural
sides of the Iron Curtain-and it business and side issues.
also has reasons to accept. The assembly opened Sept. 27. It
Soviet leaders kept silent yes- it now considered unlikely to start
terday on the proposal, possibly-
weighing the reasons. The proposal
was omitted from press reports U
here of the President's speech,
while Johnson was said to be de-
termined to keep up Western Trea.
strength in Europe. JThreat to BI
The Soviet Union might with-
draw some of its 375,000 soldiers
now in Eastern Europe without WASHINGTON (P)-The ' AFL-
being willing to talk publicly about CIO said yesterday that "the urge
it. Some withdrawal could even to merge" among America's giant
come after a denunciation of the corporations carried the danger of
Johnson proposal. eventually turning the nation into
One strong reason against the one enormous company-o w n e d
"gradual and balanced revision in store.
force levels on both sides," which "Money is power," the labor fed-
Johnson suggested Friday involves eration said, and the billion-dollar
Viet Nam and China. sums of corporate giants are being
The United States already has used to shape political, social and
pulled some troops out of West cultural standards as well as the1
work on the constittulon until late provinces of the Mekong delta.
BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY GEORGE BROWN, left, and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A.
Gromyko, right, following their meeting at the Soviet U.N. mission yesterday. The two foreign min-
isters, whose nations were co-chairmen of the 1954 Geneva Conference responsible for peace in Viet
Nam, met to talk about reopening it. At center is British Foreign Office Aide Denis Greenhill.
Navy Extending Viet Duty
OfFigjehter Pilots, Officers
October. Premier Nguyen Cao Ky'sE
military government wants it to
finish the task in six months-
that is by next March.
Assembly members have devoted
themselves to backstage politic-
king, checking credentials, writing
resolutions, and forming an emer-
gency relief committee for flooded
Prge' Seen as
used in the U.S. production.
"If this rate continues," he went
on, "America will be faced with a
condition of super concentration
within little more than a decade.
"By 1977, the 100 largest manu-
facturing corporations will control
more than two-thirds of the na-
tion's net manufacturing assets."
"The after-tax profits of one
firm alone, General Motors, ex-
ceeded the 1965 tax revenues of
every state in the union except
California and New York," he said.
"It was greater even than the total
revenues of 18 states combined."
Beller proposed a stiffening of
federal laws, including a reouire-
ment that the government be gw-
en advance notice of proposed
mergers and more power co delay
mergers which might violate the
So far, 97 of the 117 members
have been' seated officially with
the approval of the Credentials
Members have been forming and
reforming in blocks, mostly along
One is the 24-24 group consist-
ing of 24 young deputies who vow
to toil 24 hours each day to form
the new constitution.
Another group, knowns as South
Viet. Nam's Renaissance, is made
up mostly of deputies from south-
The Vietnamese-language news-
paper Dan Chung-The Masses-
said: "A majority of the deputies
are bickering not over the con-
stitution but their own salary;
some demanded as much as 60,000
plasters ($508) per month.... We
think it's too early to talk about
money while state affairs are like
boiling oil and burning fire."
Delegates took time this week
to urge the junta to extend
amnesty to prisoners "in order to
mark a new order in the building
Few of the resolutions under
study by the assembly seem re-
lated to a constitution.
One resolution is reported to be
a report on the Vietnamese war
to the United Nations General
Another will be presented to the
seven-nation conference on Viet
Nam scheduled later this month in
Germany to send to Viet Nam. It
is considering withdrawing more,
regardless of whether the Russians
But any Soviet withdrawal would
WASHINGTON UP) - The Navy,i
battling a serious shortage of ex-
perienced officers, now is permit-
ting older officers twice passed'
over for promotion to stay on the
job, sources revealed yesterday.
Such men normally are forced to
leave active service.
This was learned in the wake of
the Navy's announcement Friday
that it would continue to extend
the duties of an estimated total of
1,000 pilots and other highly skill-
ed officers for another year to
meet Viet Nam needs.
Up to Two Years
And in Saigon, the U.S. military
command announced that some
selected officers in advisory and
staff positions in the various serv-
ices would serve up to two years,
double the normal tour. 9fficials
here, however, emphasized that
the officers-said to number only
a few score-had agreed to stayI
on and were not ordered to do so.
The policy does not apply to en-
Some older officers are known
to have been trying to get out of
the Navy for two or more years.
The pilots and other officers af-
fected by an initial retention order
in 1965 were permitted to leave
the service earlier this year. The
rentention order did not affect
the Marine Corps.
In Saigon, U.S. officials said the
extended duty for officers would
affect only "commissioned and
warrant officers assigned to Head-
quarters MACV-Military Assist-
ance Command, Viet Nam - and
MACV advisory groups and de-
open the Kremlin to the charge,
Navy has reported in the past that which the bitterly critical Red
it may not be able to train enough Chinese are sure to make, that the
Soviet Union is in collusion with
pilots - at an average cost of the United States to help crush'
$500,000 - to ease the current the Vietnamese Communists.
shortage until the 1970s.'
"The implications of the frantic
merger kick upon which American,
business has embarked are pro-
found," said AFL-CIO economists
Beller said merely 100 of the
nation's approximately 400,000
separately owned manufacturing
companies owned well over h)ilf
the land, building and equipment
Pentagon officials said the an-
nouncement puts on record what'
"they've been doing for a long time
in Saigon to provide continuity in
SUNDAY, October 9
The new order makes clear what
many officers have been saying Many headquarters officers al-
privately for months: The critical ready have served at least 18
shortage of senior officers will con- months, one source said.
tinue for at least two more years "Gen. William C. Westmoreland
because of unsatisfactory retention has asked a number of key officers
rates. Recent statistics show that to extend, and they have," an offi-'
about one in three officers decides cial said, noting that Westmore-
to stay on in the service. land, head of U.S. forces in Viet
Although no specific figures are Nam, had been in that country for
available, the Navy is known to 34 months without relief.
be short 4,500 officers-about 43 "There's a hell of a lot of co-
per cent-in the top ranks of the lonels who want to get over there
submarine and surface line service. -and when Westmoreland keeps
Pilot Situation others on they don't get a crack
The Navy's pilot situation is at the job, and they're sorry," he!
equally acute, sources said. The added.
"CHINA-THE BACKGROUND OF
THE 'PROLETARIAN CULTURAL,
DR. ALEXANDER ECKSTEIN
Dept. of Economics
PRESBYTERIAN CAMPUS CENTER
1432 Washtenow Ave.
(Continuing the series on Nation Building in Asia.
Following programs focus on Indonesia and Japan
SATURDAY, Oct 29,at 10 A.M. & 2 P.M.
SUNDAY, Oct. 30, at 2 P.M.
...--.--.......--------. ---- .--
Tuesday, Oct. 11
UNION BALLROOM 7:30
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press I not be American supplies.
BROWNSVILLE, Tex. - Hurri- 3. The money for the project
4 caneIniez, leaving 150 dead behind must be collected and the sup-
it, took an ominous turn west- plies purchased by Oct. 12, so they
northwest, possibly toward the may be put aboard the Soviet
Texas coast, yesterday the Weath-
er ureu rpored.freighter A 1 e x a n d e r. Pushkin'
er~ Bureau reported. which sails fi'om Toronto on ihat
Inez came into being Sept. 24 date.
and has made her winds felt in .
Guadeloupe, the Virgin Islands,
jPuerto Rico, the Dominican Re-I
public, Haiti, Cuba. the Bahamas,
Florida and Mexico.
SAIGON-U.S. B52 squadrons D O N 'T
blasted at the old demilitarized
zone in waves yesterday to, block
infiltration of fresh troops for the the LAST
Communist army that lost the
equivalent of two battalio_-s inNP RE
prisoners alone to allied foces in HUM P RE
one sector during the past week.
Though the Communists still
bar International Control Com-
mission teams, bombardiers &void-
ed the 24-square-mile seafront
segment. that the U.S. put off!T REASU H
limits Sept. 27 in an effort to pro-
mote an ICC check on North V:et-
namese violations of the treaty.
NEW HAVEN-The U.S. Treas- T H E I
ury Department has granted per-
mission to a group of Yale Uni-
versity religious leaders to send
* slides of our activities
" skiing every weekend
" vacation trips to Colorado & Vermont
Academic Affairs Committee
LAW SCHOOL DISCUSSION
Learn about the University
of Michigan Law School
from .an admissions officer
of the school.
Monday, Oct. 10-4:15 P.M.
UGLI Multipurpose Room
To: University Players
Department of Speech
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Children's tickets (500c)
_______Adult tickets ($1)'
Performance Choice (circle) : Saturday 10
Please mail tickets. I enclose a
self-addressed, stamped envelope.
Please hold my tickets at Box Office.
TUESDAY, 4:10 and 7:30 P.M.
Multipurpose Room, UGLI
FOCUS on an AMERICAN URBAN* CRISIS
"Religious Communities and Urban Power Structures"
RABBI ROBERT MARX, Union American Hebrew Congregations, Chicago
"Community Oraanizina and the Urban Poor"