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September 28, 1966 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-09-28

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WEDNESDAY. SEPT. 28, 1966

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE THREE

WENSASP.I,16 H IHG NDIYPG hE

Johnson

To

Confer
on, Viet

With
A~T

MAY STRIKE TODAY:
Scheduled Employe Walk-Out
Threatens American Airlines

Asiarn
Allied Peace
Offensive Is
Major Aim
Speculation Mounts
Over Johison Visit
To South Viet Nam
WASHINGTON () - President
Johnson will fly to the Philippines
in about three weeks for a seven-
nation summit conference on the
Vietnamese war. A major aim will
be to press an allied peace offens-
ive.
Announcement of the 10,000-
mile trip immediately stirred
! speculation as to whether Johnson
might visit embattled South Viet
Nam itself as well as other Far
Eastern nations. His arrival in
the Philippines on or about Oct.
18 will put him within 1,000 miles
of Saigon and the land where more
than 310,000 American troops are
involved in increasingly violent
conflict with Communist-led
forces.
The trip has great domestic po-
litical importance for the Presi-
dent It will be the first trans-
oceanic journey as chief executive
to a foreign capital-in the midst
of this fall's congressional election
campaigns.
The conference was publicly
called Monday night by President
Ferdinand E. Marcos of the Phil-
ippines to include all countries
with military forces engaged on
the allied side in the conflict. The
first White House reaction was to
describe Johnson as interested.
The matter had been talked
about by Johnson and Marcos
when the Philippine leader visited
Washington within the last two
weeks-Sept. 14-16. The project
was a well-kept secret.
Then the White House expressed
its reaction yesterday and an-
nounced:
"President Johnson is glad to
agree to this invitation and will
be glad to join the meeting of the
other chiefs of state or govern-
ment in the Philippines on or after
Oct. 18."
However, a few allies are fear-
ful of the possible results of any
peace talks.
Thailand declared yesterday that
no member of the United Nations
nor any of its officials has the
right to sell away the right of
South Viet Nam to exist as a free
nation.
In a policy speech to the UN
General Assembly,Thanat Kho-
man, foreign minister of Thailand,
opposed any U.S. decision to halt
the bombing of North Viet Nam
and begin a military withdrawal
without matching concessions
from the Communists.
The 118-nation assembly also
heard Paul Hasluck, foreign mini-
ster of Australia, declare that
North Viet Nam "wants not agree-
ment, but surrender."
Both Thailand and Australia
will take part in the seven nation
Viet Nam peace conference in Ma-
nila next month to be attended by
President Johnson. They are allies
of the United States in VietNam.
"A truly worthy solution to the
SViet Nam war must see to it that
aggression shall not be rewarded
and that South Viet Nam should
be assured essentially of being able
to maintain its freedom and inde-
pendence and not be delivered

with bound hands and feet to the
conquerors," Khoman said.
Other forces are also at work
to negotiate an end to the Viet
Nam conflict.
A special Vatican mission flew
to Viet Nam on Church business
yesterday but with powers to seek
new ways for Pope Paul VI to
help bring peace to that war-torn
M land.
The three-man mission was seen
as a new move in the Pope's peace
campaign. Departure of the high-
level mission came a week after
the Pope's plea in his latest en-
cyclical for a negotiated end to
the Viet Namg conflict.
(In a one-paragraph announce-
ment, the Vatican said only that
the mission would take part in an
extraordinary conference to study
the Roman Catholic Church prob-
lems in South Viet Nam.)

Allies

Power Contest Hits VietA

NEW YORK UIM-American Air-
I , alines faces a walkout of 12,000
non-operating employees today. It
is the nation's second largest car-
rier of air travelers and had es-
' caped last summer's costly strike
ssem b by the Machinist's Union.
A strike by the AFL-CIO Trans-
port Workers Union-the late
Quill's union which struck the
New York City subways early this
No political parties in the tra- year-is expected to stop Ameri-
ditional Western sense are repre- can's flight operations and idle
sented in the assembly. But blocs 28,000 employees.
of members have been forming Involved in the contract dead-
and re-forming along regional
and religious lines.

lock are ground crewmen, me-
chanics, clerks, communication
workers and supply personnel.
They voted 6,139 to 186 against
a contract offer presented last
Thursday by American.
Thereupon, the TWU set a strike
deadline for 6:45 a.m. EDT today
across the nation.
The spokesmen for American
said the line's contract offer in-
cluded an increase of 59 cents an
hour in top wage brackets over
three years-or 3 cents more than
the Machinists won in their strike

SAIGON, South Viet Nam (/P)- I clean slate, filled with men un-I

A struggle for leadership of South
Viet Nam's new Constituent As'
sembly was reported under way
last night between experienced
parliamentarians and novices
among the 117 members.
Diplomatic sources said younger
deputies were resisting efforts by
veterans of past legislative wars to
take over key posts of the draft-
ing committee.
The younger me mbers, the
sources said, want a completely

stained by failures of the past. The
average age of the whole group,
elected Sept. 11 to lead the nation
toward a new democratic era, is
under 40. Many are in their 20's
and 30's.
Premiere Nguyen Cao Ky hailed
the assembly as introdudcing "an
era of democracy, peace and pros-
perity," but warned many trials
lie ahead.
Officials hope the drafting of al

new constitution will pave the way
for election of a civilian govern-
ment next year. South Viet Nam's
last constitution died with the re-
gime of President Ngo Dinh Diem
in November 1963.
After a ceremonial opening in a
refurbished building that served
the French as an opera house in
colonial days, the assembly went
into closed session to select its
officers. Work on the constitu-
tion is not expected until next
week.

Report North Vietnamese Army
Increases Infiltration of South

Nguyen Ba Luong, the senior
member, is acting as president
pro tem. "We are determined to
withstand all pressures which seek
to control or compel us to betray
the national interest," he said.
Ky said the assembly's 116 men
and one woman were chosen in
"the most honest, fair and impar-
tial election ever held in this
country."
The premier said his military
regime has three aims: "To defeat
the Communists and pacify and
develop rural areas, to stabilize
the economic situation, and tol
build democracy."
"It is evident that the Commu-
nists have been defeated in every
battlefield," he said.
Chief of State Nguyen Van
Thieu, attired like Ky in gleam-
ing white military dress uniform
speckled with medals, also ad-
dressed the opening session.
He said South Viet Nam's goal
is "a government with a legal ba-
sis becauses it has been accepted
by the people in a spirit of com-
plete freedom and democracy."

Consider Review
Of Europe's Defense

SAIGON, South Viet Nam (P)-
U.S. intelligence officers said
yesterday North Vietnamese troops
are now infiltrating into South
Viet Nam at a rate of more than
6,000 a month. This is an increase
of about 1,000 a month over re-
cent estimates.
These intelligence experts have
also boosted their estimate of
North Vietnamese army units in
South Viet Nam by more than 20
battalions since early July.
In all, they say there are some
178 battalions totaling about
112,500 main force troops-47,500
North Vietnamese and 65,000 Viet
Cong.
This buildup, persisting in the
face of heavy U.S. air attacks on
supply depots and infiltration
routes, is bringing North Vietnam-
ese regular battalions close to pari-
ty with the number of battalions
fielded by the Viet Cong, the na-
tive Communists. -
The current assessment places
the number of North Vietnamese
battalions in South Viet Nam at
about 82. In early July, U.S. mili-
tary authorities here put the to-
tal at about 60.
A year ago, U.S. military plan-
ners estimated the Communists
could field-and support-about
160 battalions of North Vietnam-
ese and Viet Cong soldiers by the
end of 1966.
The Communists have already
exceeded those American fore-
casts by about 18 battalions-
more than 10 per cent- and the
year still has three months to
run.

Although U.S. military authori-
ties report more and more evi-
dences of Communist troubles in
feeding their troops in South Viet
Nam, there is no indication that
this is causing any slowdown in
the Red buildup.
Officials said the communists
have lost about 52,000 men in
battle so far this year.
According to military sources,
the Communists have about 37,-
500 of their main force troops in,
the central highlands region into
which the Ho Chi Minh infiltra-
tion trail system empties.
Some 28,000, mostly North Viet-
namese, are in the northernmost.
section of South Viet Nam, where,
U.S. Marines are battling Commu-
nist regulars who have been com-
ing across the six-mile-wide de-
militarized border zone separating
North and South Viet Nam.
Somewhat more than 28,000 are
operating in the 3rd Corps area,
which includes Saigon. About 18,-
500 V.t Cong main force soldiers
are fighting in the delta, the
southernmost sector of the coun-j
try. So far as is known. there are
no North Vietnamese in the delta.
Counting part-time guerillas and,
political cadres, the total Commu-
nist force in South Viet Nam is
estimated at 283,000.
U.S. bombers slashed anew yes-l
terday at enemy supply routesf
that intelligence experts said areI
feeding more North Vietnamese7
troops than ever before into the
jungle war in the south.
In a day of generally light andc

against Eastern, National, Thans
World, United and Northwest Air-
lines. The fringe benefits were
also described by the company as
better. Union leaders called the
offer "utterly unrealistic."
Non-operating wages at Ameri-
can were said by the union to
range from $2.54 to $3.57 an hour.
The union sought a 30 per cent
increase-or hourly boosts, rang-
ing from 76 cents to $1.07.
Plans were announced for the
Federal Mediation Board chair-
man. Francis A. O'Neill, to work
with both sides before the strike
deadline, in an effort to work
an l1th hour settlement.
American operates 1,000 flights
a day to carry 36,000 passengers
coast to coast and serves 44 cities
in the United States, Canada and
Mexico. Its passenger operations
are second only to those of United
Air Lines.
The TWU membership first voted
strike authorization last spring,
early in the contract deadlock.
President Johnson appointed an
emergency board and invoked
terms of the federal Railway La-
bor Act to delay the walkout.
The three-man emergency board
ended its hearings last month,
making no specific contract rec-
ommendations but urging further
negotiations. These were under-
taken and resulted in last week's
offer from American.
A cooling off period under the
Railway Labor Act expired at
midnight Monday night, leaving
the TWU free to strike.

scattered, ground action, South
Korean troops drew special atten-
tion:
The Tiger Division, battling Com-
munist units in the Phu Cat
mountainsnnear the central coast,
announced it has killed 321 and
captured 112 in a five-day opera-
tion. Korean losses were reported
light.
Four' thousand more troops
landed to join the White Horse
Division, boosting the Korean en-
rollment in Viet Nam to 36,500.

Pekin Red Guards Plan
'International Movement
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia WP) - national member as the acknowl-
China's Red Guards have formed edgement of Mao as the leader of
an international movement to world revolution and that his
spread the teachings of Mao Tse- ideas are the elimax of Marxism-
tung with the hopes of one day ex- Leninism.
tending their revolution to the Future members of the interna-
streets of New York, dispatches tional Red Guard must be ready
from Peking reported yesterday. to fight for world revolution, to
Tanjug, the Yugoslav news work on expansion of their or-
agency, quoted leftist American ganization and to spread Mao's
writer Anna Louise Strong, who teachings, Tanjug reported
lives in China, as saying that the
aim of Red Guard leaders is to Miss Strong, 81, who has the
make the whole world Communist. reputation of having access to the
Miss Strong quoted the leaders as highest sources of information,
expressing belief that revolutionary was told by Red Guard leaders
posters will one day appear on that their first duty was to make
New York's streets. China "completely Red" and then
The news agency said posters to help working peoples of other
put up on Peking streets listed countries "to make the whole
conditions for becoming an inter- world Red," the Tanjug report
said.
In another dispatch from Peking,
Tass, the Soviet news agency, said
Red Guard headquarters has set
n d u pup an international relations de-
partment to popularize Mao's ideas
among foreigners and attract them
ed auto price increases yesterday to the ranks of the Red Guards.
to better enable them to do battle Tass also reported that Red
with General Motors in the 1967 Guard leaflets and pamphlets are
auto mearke t. r i he197beginning to disappear from the
auto market. walls of houses now that Peking
The revised price tags on Chrys- is preparing for the national holi-
ler and Ford cars, plus GM's orig- day of Oct. 1.
inal price tags, meant American In still another dispatch from
car buyers would shell out about Peking, the Soviet Communist
$485 million more next year if party newspaper Pravda reported
they buy as many cars as they that Chinese laborers and regu-
did in the 1966 model year. The lar Communist party members are
new cars will be displayed in showing increased opposition to
dealer showrooms this weekend. the youthful Red Guards.

WASHINGTON (P) - President
Johnson and Chancellor Ludwig
Erhard of West Germany agreed
yesterday to hold a strategic re-
view, "a searching re-appraisal, of
the European defense require-
ments.
It would take into account, they
said, the balance of payments
problems of the United States,
Britain and Germany.
The two leaders, in a joint com-
munique on their two days of
conferences, agreed that "tension
in Europe is less acute, yet a ba-
sic threat to security persists and
the Atlantic alliance continues to
be the vital condition of peace
and freedom.
The U.S. and West German lead-
ers worked out the final details
of the communique on their flight
to Cape Kennedy, Fla., for a 21/2
hour tour of the sprawling space-
port.
The communique, in re-affirm-
ing the determination of Johnson
and Erhard to maintain the
and Erhard to maintain the
strength of the Atlantic alliance
said the two leaders agreed that:
"A searching re-appraisal should
be undertaken of the threat to se-
curity and, taking into account
changes in military technology
and mobility, of the forces re-
quired to maintain adequate de-
terrence and defense."
But the communique did not
spell out when or where the re-
appraisal would be made.
However, the review, the com-
munique said, should address it-
self to the question of "equitable
sharing of the defense and other
pact of troop deployment and
comparable burdens and the im-
force levels of the balance of pay-
ments of the United States and
Britain.
This cautiously worded state-
ment seems to indicate that the
German chancellor accepted the
U.S. government's position that
changed political and technological
circumstances permit a review of
the Western world's military re-
quirwements and especially the
number of troops stationed in Eu-
rope. There have been demands
in Congress for cutting down dras-
tically the number of American
forces.
These questions, the communi-
que said, should be studied by the
three powers mostly interested in
Germany's defense, meaning Ger-
many, the United States and Bri-
tain.
The President has long sug-
gested the tripartite study but
Erhard was understood to have
been cool to the idea. He prefers

-LOOK

separate bilateral talks with the
United States and with Britain.
Concerning the touchy arrange-
ment for offsetting the strain on
the U.S. balance of payments, the
communique acknowledged that
Erhard told Johnson that West
Germany would not in the future
be able fully to offset the foreign
exchange cost associated with the
stationing of American forces in
Germany by German purchases of
U.S. military equipment.
The German position is that
future offset arrangements cannot
be more than 50 pere cent of pres-
ent payments, totaling $675 mil-
lion yearly.

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and 9 to 6 Saturday

World News ROL

By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS - Forty-
nine African and Asian nations,
ignoring a South African warning
of serious consequences, called on
the General Assembly yesterday
to take control of Southwest Af-
rica.
A resolution introduced by Gha-
na for the 49 co-sponsors declar-
ed South Africa had failed to ful-
fill the terms of the mandate

granted to it for the former Ger-
nan colony by the old League of
Nations in 1921.
The resolution would set up a
UN authority, made up of mem-
bers designated by the General
Assembly president, to administer
the territory "with a view to pre-
paring it for independence."
* * *
DETROIT--Chrysler and Ford
rolled back part of their propos-

Racially Mixed Jury Acquits
Klansmen in Liuzzo Slaying

16

ON-

HAYNEVILLE, Ala. OP)-A jury
of eight Negroes and four white
men last night acquitted Ku Klux
Klansman Eugene Thomas of
murder in the killing of a white
civil rights worker.
The verdict came after the jury
had deliberated 1 hour and 25
minutes.
Thomas, 43, of Bessemer, Ala.,
thus became the second of three
members'of the hooded organiza-
tion to win an acquittal in state
court in the slaying of Viola Gregg
Liuzzo, a Detroit, Mich., house-
wife shot to death March 25, 1965,
following the Selma to Montgom-
ery civil rights march.
The verdict was handed to the
court by one of the four white jur-
ors, Joe H. Guthrie, who was
chosen by his fellow jurors to act
as foreman.
The jury was the first biracial
group chosen in four trials grow-
ing from the killing.

Defense testimony put Thomas
at a Veterans of Foreign Wars
Club at Brighton, a suburban com-
munity near Thomas' home, when
Mrs. Liuzzo was slain.
State attorneys rested their case
without calling an FBI under-
cover agent who had testified in
three previous trials that he wit-
nessed the slaying.
Instead, the prosecution, direct-
ed by Atty. Gen. Richmond Flow-
ers, relied chiefly on the testi-
mony of FBI agents that the bul-
let which killed Mrs. Liuzzo had
been fired from a .38 caliber pis-
tol identified as one owned by
Thomas.

The decision by Ford and Chrys-
ler to take a second look at their
new car price schedules meant a
savings of about $130 million to
car buyers over the original prices.
WASHINGTON-Nicholas Katz-
enbach wholeheartedly supported
U.S. foreign policy yesterday but
promised not to become a yes man
as undersecretary of state.
The Senate Foreign Relations
Committee suspended judgment on
his nomination to the No. 2 post
in the State Department.
Committee Chairman J. W. Ful-
bright (D-Ark) at first said the
committee had approved Katzen-
bach's appointment, but then re-
ported the approval was being sus-
pended because of an objection by
Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy (D-
Minn).

SGC MASS MEETING
for Draft Referendum
TODAY, Sept. 28 at 7 P.M.

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