SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1966 THE MICHICUAN DAILY PAC~ TUTI'V
I nllG a va nr 1G
By The Associated Press , manded U.S. military withdrawalt
TOKYO-North Viet Nam and as the price for peace in Southeast
the Soviet Union denounced yes- Asia. But the U.S. refused to ac-
terday, as hypocritical, new United cept a hard-hitting hour-long
States proposals for peace in Viet speech yesterday by Soviet Foreign
Nam put forth by Ambassador Ar- Minister Andrei A. Gromyko in the
thur J. Goldberg at the United UN General Assembly as the final
Nations. word, and said it still awaited a
Hanoi's official Viet Nam news considered reply to its Viet Nam
agency said the new proposals proposals.
were designed "to cover up the The U.S. offered Thursday to
U.S. scheme to expand and pro- halt the bombing of North Viet
long its aggression in South Viet Nam if it got assurances from
Nam and to cope with the world Hanoi that it would take corre-
protest against the U.S. intention sponding measures to defuse the
'to stay' and 'maintain American war. It proposed also that both
troops' in South Viet Nam." sides agree to a time-table for a
The Soviet Union again de- supervised military withdrawal.
The proposals drew this com-
ment from Gromyko:
"What does the statement made
here in the General Assembly on
behalf of the U.S. government
"It means that the U.S. govern-
ment defends its aggressive course
in the Viet Nam question, and
that there are still no signs tes-
tifying to the seriousness of the
intention of Washington to seek
a settlement of this problem, and
to stop the aggression against the
U.S. Ambassador Arthur J.
Goldberg, who presented the U.S.
proposals, asked for the rostrum
Yugoslavian McNamara Reveals
Writer Draws Armament Increase
Prison Term I e .,_..._ ..
to speak in reply.
He said the U.S. had made "se-
rious and genuine offers to break
out of the tragic impasse in Viet
Nam. We have offered to take the
first step in reducing the intensity
and extent of the military con-
.-"We of the U.S. will persevere
in our efforts for peace in Viet
Nam. We still await a considered
reply to our affirmative propo-
sals, and we continue in the hope
that all members of this organi-
zation will join in this great en-
Gromyko said that the Viet
Nam problem should be solved
along the lines put forth by Han-
oi: unconditional cessation of
bombing of the north, withdrawal
of all armed forces of the U.S.
and its allies from South Viet
Nam, removal of U.S. military
bases, and granting the Vietna-
mese people a chance to settle
their own affairs.,
"The aggressor has come to
Viet Nam, the aggressor should
leave," Gromyko declared.
Renewed Soviet Pledge
He renewed the Soviet pledge
of continued assistance to North
Viet Nam "to fight off aggression."
Gromyko said it was an "un-
disputable fact" that each so-
called peace offensive by the Unit-
ed States is followed by a further
escalation of aggressive actions.
Izvestia said there was nothing
new in the speech in which Gold-
berg proposed that both sides
agree to a phased, supervised mil-
itary withdrawal from South Viet
Nam as a prelude to ending the
The Hanoi dispatch, monitored
in Tokyo, demanded anew that
the U.S. recognize the South Viet
Nam National Front For Libera-
tion, "as the sole genuine repre-
sentative of the South Vietnamese
The agency commented that,
showing "the U.S. reluctance to
recognize the South Viet Nam Na-
tional Front for Liberation, Gold-
berg clumsily said that 'a seg-
ment of the combatant force'
should 'take part in the negotia-
tion.' He also quoted Lyndon
Johnson as saying that 'this ques-
tion would not be an insurmount-
It added: "~Facts show that the
U.S. government has never recon-
ciled itself to recognizing the
South Viet Nam National Front
for Liberation as the sole genuine
representative of the South Viet-
namese people, to admit that any
question and solution concerning
South Viet Nam should be dis-
cussed with the NLF."
- Soviet Negotiations
Threatened by Peace Bid
UNITED NATIONS, (P) - The fairs chief tonight.
U.S. effort. to enlist Soviet help U.S. Ambassador Arthur J. Gold-
in getting peace talks going on Viet berg, who previously invited Mos-
Nam has run into a renewed de- cow's "good offices" for a Viet
claration by Foreign Minister An- Nam settlement, heard perhaps a
drei A. Gromyko of Moscow sup- slightly less harsh Gromyko line
port for Hanoi. on Viet Nam yesterday than he
The more immediate question, had expected. Goldberg left the
therefore, is how far the Kremlin door open for a Soviet change.
will inject the great impasse over But the Kremlin representative
Viet Nam into other international showed no interest in a negotiated
issues. settlement as he denounced U.S.
After Gromyko's UN speech yes- "aggression against the Vietnam-
terday and his private talk with ese people" and vowed "support to
Secretary of State Dean Rusk on the heroic Vietnamese people."
Thursday night, the impression American diplomats dismissed as
has gained ground that the Rus- old hat propaganda Gromyko's
sians will be sticky about enter- call for dismantling of all foreign
ing into any accords directly with bases, admission of Communist
the U.S. but they may prove more East Germany to the U.N. and
amenable to multination agree- withdrawal of foreign troops from
ments. South Korea.
This would include such items They noted, on the other hand,
as a treaty to preserve outer space that he did not specifically reaf-
for peaceful use, to which Ameri- firm previous Soviet objections
ca would be a major party, and which have held up the signing
possible progress on a treaty to of an outer space treaty.
outlaw the spread of nuclear wea- And while Gromyko's thrust
pons. again at Washington's proposal
Rusk plans a further explora- for nuclear-sharing among the At-
tion of Gromyko's stand on these lantic allies, much else of what
and other issues in a second meet- he said about the need for a pact
ing with the Soviet foreign af- to prevent the spread of atomic
World News Roundup
arms harmonized with U.S. views.
U.S. diplomats put high priority
on getting an international nu-
clear nonproliferation a c c o r d
signed before new countries decide
to enter the atomic race. So they
were giving close study to Gro-
myko's words on this.
Guilty of Spreading
ZADAR, Yugoslavia (A) - Au-
thor Mhajlo Mihajlov, outspoken
ropponent of single-party com-'
munism who contended in his
writings that Yugoslavia was a
totalitarian country, was convicted
yesterday of spreading false in-
formation, and sentenced to 12
months in prison.
Dr. Ivo Gloaatski, Mihajlov's de-
fense attorney, said he will appeal
the verdict. Mihajlov said that
pending the appeal, he will not
publish anything in order to avoid
a premature arrest.
The state prosecutor did not ask
for immediate imprisonment of1
Mihajlov, so he will remain free
pending his appeal.
A three-judge panel listened to
6 12 hours of testimony and argu-
ment Thursday, during which Mi-
hajlov pleaded innocent and told
the court: "I deeply believe that
what I stated in my writings is the
truth. I cannot consider Socialist
a society in which only 6 to '71
per cent have all rights and the'
Mihajlov was not in the court
to hear his sentence. He had been
in the corridor earlier but left
after the three-judge panel post-
poned its verdict for further con-
sultations. He entered after the
judge had finished reading the
verdict and sentence. He said no
one had summoned him after the
Mihajlov was convicted on one
count of the indictment--spread-
ing false information aimed at in-.
citing displeasure and provoking
dissatisfaction among the popula-
tion. He was credited with 62 days
he spent in jail in April 1965,
and last August. This cut the
sentence to 10 months. He could
have drawn two years and five
months in prison.
Acquitted on Second Count
He also was banned from parti-
cipating in public activities or
publishing for one year. The court
also ordered confiscation of 2,000
new dinars - $160 - earnings
from articles cited in the indict-
Mihajlov was acquitted on the
second count of the indictment-
dissemination of banned printed
material. This stemmed from a
charge that he permitted a maga-
zine run by Polish immigrants in
Paris to publish his "Moscow Sum-
mer 1964," an article criticle of
the Soviet Union. It was banned in
Yugoslavia last year.
member special committee for in any other time in the past
consideration prior to the annual i five years.
ARK COFFEE HOUSE
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"The best new group to come out of this part
of the country in years." P.L.C.B.
Treaty Organization w o r k i n g
group on nuclear planning, where
he and defense minister of four
other members of NATO agreed on
arrangements to give America's
NATO allies a bigger nuclear role.
The arrangements were not dis-
closed, but were said to encompass
a proposed chain of commands
across Western Europe to control
the nuclear arsenal made avail-
able by the U.S.
The plans were described as im-
portant steps designed to give the
alliance greater solidarity. They
will be submitted to NATO's 10-
ROMEVV) - U.S. Defense Sec- ministerial meeting in December.
retary Robert S. McNamara told Speaking of the increase of U.S.
the Atlantic allies yesterday that nuclear strength in Europe, Mc-
America now has about 7,000 nu- Namara told the other defense
clear warheads in Western Eu- ministers: "There are today in that
rope-an increase of more than inventory approximately 7,000 nu-
100 per cent in the past five years. clear warheads available to the
McNamara called the current NATO forces."
total of nuclear weapons "a fan- He said none of the warheads
tastically high inventory, a re- were on French soil.
markable accomplishment." Recommendation by the nuclear
He made the disclosure at a planning group now are general.
meeting of the Nortth Atlantic If approved by the council they
will be submitted to refinement
and detailed planning.
McNamara was known to be
highly pleased by the results of
the planning group. Various of
America's NATO allies, particu-
larly West Germany, have long
complained of insufficient oppor-
tunity to take part in the organi-
zation's nuclear setup.
McNamara was said to feel that
the group's four meetings - in
Washington in February, in Lon-
don in April, in Paris in July and
now in Rome-had brought more
advances in nuclear planning than
WAVE OF INFILTR ATION:
Communists Bid for Initiative
As Monsoon Rains Threaten
$1.00 cover charge
By The Associated Press
SAIGON - About 1,000 North
Vietnamese soldiers joined yester-
day in human wave attacks
against a South Vietnamese com-
mand post in the central high-
lands. They were hurled back in
three hours of close-quarter fight-
ing, a Vietnamese spokesman an-
The biggest guerrilla strike of
the month, plus a report by U.S.
Marine sources that three new
North Vietnamese battalions have
infiltrated across the 17th Paral-
lel border raised a possibility that
the Communists are bidding for
the initiative as the monsoon rains
move north again.
The Leatherneck source said
Marines fighting in Operation
Prairie, just south of the demili-
tarized zone, have encountered
three North Vietnamese battal-
ions not seen before in South Viet
He said tentative identification
has been made of a fourth fresh
battalion, but confirmation is not
Two battalions are from the
324B Division's 803rd Regiment
and the other is part of its 812th
The battalion tentatively iden-
tified is believed to be from the
North Vietnamese 341st Division.
A North Vietnamese battalion us-
ually averages about 500 men.
The largest Marine operation
fought in Viet Nam, Operation
Hastings, deployed the Leather-
necks against six battalions of the
The three new units identified
in Operation Prairie account for
all nine battalions of the division.
The Marines say they have
counted the bodies of 595 Com-
munist troops killed in Operation
Prairie since Aug. 3. Another 899
are listed as probably killed.
Identification of the battalion
from the 341st Division is ques-
tioned because it would mean the
entire mission of the division has
been changed. The unit previously
was a home guard unit. Its move-
ment south of the 17th Parallel
would indicate the division has
adopted an offensive role.
High ranking Marine officers
are worried about limitations the
monsoon rains will impose upon
Leathernecks responsible for the
1st Corps area, the military sec-
tor which borders the Communist
The monsoon should reach this
area before the end of September.
"I'm as concerned as hell about
the monsoon," said Col. A. D.
Cereghino, 47, of Burlingame,
Calif., commander of the 4th Ma-
rine Regiment, fighting in Opera-
The cloud level will drop to 100
feet in valleys along the demili-
tarized zone when the monsoon
season brings daily rains.
This will hamper air support.
"I know we will overcome these
problems," said Cereghino.
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CHAU DOC, Viet Nam-Flood
water that has made an inland
sea of four border provinces was
waist deep and rising in Chau
Doc's main street yesterday. Eighty
per cent of the area's rice crop
is drowned and the rest is threat-
Melted ice from the Himalayas
combined with monsoon rains to
swell the Mekong, the world's 12th
largest river, to its highest level in
five years on its way from Tibetan
highlands to the South China Sea.
U.S. officials in Chau Doc, near
the Cambodian frontier said no
lives have been reported lost as
brought under the law, at $1 an
hour minimum to start.
*. * *
WASHINGTON-P r e s i d e n t
Johnson appealed to seven gov-
ernors yesterday to help hold down
spending while reportedly predict-
ing Vietnamese war costs will
jump at least $10 billion over the
The administration never has
said what that level is or what it
it may become.
Gov. William W. Scranton of
Pennsylvania said that in light
of the President's analysis "a rise
in taxes in the next Congress is
LONDON (P) - A British re-
search institute says South Viet
Nam, which officially claims 317,-
000 regular soldiers, actually has a
fighting force of 90,000 men.
The Institute for Strategic
Studies in its annual estimate of
world military power said today
that many units of South Viet
Nam's army are "known to be be-
low their establishment figures."
In Saigon, a U.S. military
spokesman said Thursday that
there are now 311,000 U.S. service-
men in Viet Nam. South Viet Nam
claims more than 550,000 men in
its regular and paramilitary forces.
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