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April 11, 1967 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-04-11

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Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICTCGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD TN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

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THlE VIEW FROM HERE
Weathering a Storm
BY ROBERT KLIVANS
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te i~kaeFe,
Trut pn l Ar 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.

NEWS PHoNE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the invidual opnions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be nofed in all reprints.

TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 1967

NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID KNOKEI

I

A New Foreign Policy Needs
The Call of the Liberals

THE HIDDEN MACHINATIONS behind the Great
Trimester Conspiracy have been cast into the fore-
ground once again this Spring. Only calloused, anti-
nature, anti-student administrators could have plotted
a school calendar which diabolically correlates the last
two weeks of classes with the first two weeks of Spring.
It happens every year. Students find themselves
eight weeks behind, burdened with papers, preparing for
Finals, and suddenly the thermometer climbs, the sun
comes out and the grass turns green.
It is too hot to stay in the Library, too pleasant
on the Diag, and too tempting to avoid the ice cream
cones.
MOST OTHEE SCHOOLS give their students an
opportunity to adjust to the weather, and to- work off
their spring fever. But at the University, Mother of
Trimesters, the frustrated student can only glare from
his desk in his scholarly tomb and speculate on what
fresh air might smell like and how sunshine feels.
And yet there is certainly method in the Trimester
madness. For as confidential material just released to
the Daily has indicated, the new calendar was deliber-
ately established following the discovery of the famous

Lauderdale Law of Student Behavior by a joint team
from the Sociology and Psychology Depts.
The Lauderdale Law predicts that student activism
or discontent is directly proportional to the temperature.
Without excessive sanctions, the corollary reads, the
simplest grievance can be elevated to riot proporties
with the proper temperature.
UNIVERSITY ADMINISTRATORS have shrewdly
applied this law by permitting only the last two weeks
of the calendar to fall with in the "student boiling
point" (S.B.P.) range. With the immense academic
pressure upon the average student, discontent has a
hard time rising to the surface. Any interruption of
study habits in the home stretch would mean academic
suicide.
Ever since the discovery of the Lauderdale Law, and
the subsequent enactment of the Trimester, adminis-
trators have been relaxing with the confident assump-
tion that "it can't happen here." (Berkeley's average
winter temperature is about 25 degrees above Ann Ar-
bor's). They are smiting with the knowledge that more
support can still be drummed up for a party on a humid
fall evening than for a protest against the most heinous
crimes.

Events at the University of Pittsburgh last week
underscore the Lauderdale Law. "Pitt" is also on the
trimester (their finals end a week before ours), but the
students there fount time to react to the beautiful spring
weather. 2,500 undergraduates converted the urban cam-
pus into a riot area within minutes, spewing water
baloons, toilet paper, furniture, telephone books and
other incidentals onto the street. Chancellor David
Kurtzman noted thar "the motivation was understand-
able" and blamed the disaster on the pressure of finals
coming up with in two weeks and the balmy weather.
THE PARALLELS with this University are striking.
For if anything cut down last semester's movement in
its prime, it was the combination of a quick end to tri-
mester and the winter snows which chilled even the
hottest activist
What the social scientists who inhabit the Uni-
versiyt's laboratories will discover next remains unknown.
Perhaps it is a cure for student apathy or even a potion
to liberalize anyone over 30. Yet as long as Ann Arbor
remains frigid, the Lauderdale Law predicts no trouble
at the University.
Sleep tight, administrators.

'a

i

T HE RALLY held Saturday at City Hall
in support of the Spring Mobilization
to End the War in Vietnam was exactly
what it was billed to be-a uniting of
groups whose only common denominator
was the ending of the war. That this
was so was obvious from the range of
comments-from a minister asking for
an end to the war on the basis of moral-
ity to a Trotskyite demanding not only
that, but a complete reformation of the
social structure.
The view that demands the most at-
tention, however, is in the middle of
this range, best expressed by Bert Gars-
kof of Citizens for New Politics. Garskof's
view was that our present foreign policy
is, determined, by politicians and the
"American corporate conspiracy" which
have been able to maintain that policy
by "duping the public into thinking that
their interest is ours."
This view is not new, but its signifi-
cance is gaining as the liberal communi-
ty continues to have less and less to say
about our foreign policy. By trying to
work within the system liberals have
been lulled into an acceptance of Amer-
ican imperialists. As James Gerassi of
Ramparts warned, "the United States
policy of imperialism is no accident. It
is a consistent policy in our attempt to
dominate the world."
THE DEGRE E to which the U.S. does in
fact dominate parts of the world is
not realized by most Americans. A young
Venezuelan revolutionary said, "your,
operations control not only Latin Amer-
ica's raw materials but also our mar-
kets and military, too. Our oligarchies
are partners with your trusts, our gov-
ernments foster your interests, and our
military defends your assets." It is not
only the presence of American interests
that blights many foreign countries, but
also the fact that any attempt at re-
form brings with it the immediate threat
of intervention by a foreign army - the
United States Marines. The U.S. has been
actively involved in the suppression of
revolts in Peru and Colombia, unpubl;-
cized here, using tactics learned in the
war in Vietnam.
This intervention in the internal af-
fairs of, foreign countries solely for the
protection of U.S. business interests has
been the cause of continuing retardation
of social reform in those countries and the
resultant bitterness against the U.S.
THE MAJOR ARGUMENT of the con-
servatives since World War II which
has forced the liberals into retreat has
been the doctrine of anti-Communism.
However, with the disintegration of the
organizational unity of the Communist
world, this argument is no longer valid.
Because of the ideological split between
Russia and China, revolutionary move-
ments have a maneuverability and free-

dom of action which allows them to use
the Soviet Union and China for their own
ends instead of being used by them. Rev-
olutionary leaders such as Ho Chi Minh,
despite, the title of "Communist," are no
longer the puppets of any united interna-
tional movement, but can, as Ho has,
play both ends against the middle to
achieve their goals as nationalist leaders.
The independence of leftist leaders now
allows the U.S. to deal with them with
more flexibility. We need no k(nger fear
their rise to power as a sign of anti-
Americanism, but can in fact work with
them both for their own good and for
ours in the creation of strong atd inde-
pendent members of the world commu-
nity. The U.S. need no tonger be namp-
ered by the procrustean bed of anti-Com-
munism which had bcn imposed upon it
by the Cold War.
THE PLEAS of today's freer liberals,
however, may be lost in the rhetoric
that now controls American press and
thought. Foreign radicals seem to think
so. As one Venezuelan youth said, "we
may lose support from the American radi-
cal movement. We know now that Amer-
ican radicals are never going to fight our
revolutions for us, they can't."
It is that last "they can't" that should
raise the ire of every American libral
and radical to not only a protest, but
act. With the defection of the major
sources of power in the Democratic Par-
ty, the liberal camp is left seriously weak-
ened. The only alternative, and an appeal-
ling one, is the creation of a third politi-
cal force, independent of the two present
political parties. Such a move, combined
with a strengthening of the ties between
liberals and radicals across national
boundaries, is almost necessary if a re-
vival of powerful liberalism is to come
about. The alternative of violent revolt
is unfeasible because of the tremendous
physical power that can be wielded pres-
ently by the forces on power, but massive
acts of non-violent protest could have
their effect on the power structure.
HOW STRONG can such a movement be-
come? The grass roots of American
liberalism lie in suburban lawns, and it
is these suburbs who have spawned the
present generation of politically apathet-
ic college students. The present policy
thrives on apathy in this country be-
cause of our ignorance of political reali-
ties in the rest of the world. The problem
then before the movement is to edu-
cate, because in education will come poli-
tical awareness and political activity.
The position of the U.S. today is v ny
similar to that of Metternich's Austria
in 1815. The continuation of our present
policy will relegate the United States to
the backwaters of history. The warning
is there. it must be heeded.j
-RON LANDSMAN I

10

Letters: A Councilman's Criticisms

To the Editor:
YOUR RECENT ACCOUNT of
the proceedings surrounding
Council deliberations on the 26
story building was the most de-
ceiving piece of journalism to ap-
pear in the Daily recently. It is
undoubtedly rivaled by your earlier
efforts to crucify Eugene Power,
one of the most capable Regents
ever to serve this University, and
certainly exemplifies why your ap-
pointment as Editor met with such
deserved resistance. I feel com-
pelled to set the record straight
regarding a number of facts, some
of which you chose to omit and
others of which you deliberately
distortedor falsified for the sake
of sensationalism.
One, The matter was taken, up
with the unanimous consent of
Council as required by Council
Rules. The implication that it was
acomplished by a "Republican
majority" over the, objections of
the "outraged" Democrats is total-
ly false.
Two, The insinuation that Mr.
Kleinpell "obviously chose that
Monday when three top City of-
ficials were out of town' is in-
tentionally misleading. Actually,
Mr. Martin was in town (not vaca-
tioning as stated) and Mr. Lar-
com was expected back (as stated
elsewhere in your story). The de-
veloper had in fact been asking
for action by Council well in ad-
vance of this Monday.
Three, You failed to note as
Mr. Larcum, City Administrator,
had told you the night before your
article appeared that the City had
no legal basis for detaining the
developer on grounds of height, as
we were in fact doing.

Four, You failed to state that
the developer was in fact in strict
compliance with our zoning ordi-
nance as it had existed for several
years. He had been issued a
"Zoning Compliance Permit" w'ell
in advance of any Council action
on the height question which ex-
plicitly stated his proposed use of
the land was consistent with the
City zoning ordinance. He pro-
ceeded in good faith to make later
financial commitments with that
assurance from the City. A height
limitation did not exist then, nor
does it exist tpday. Republicans
and Democrats all agreed height
was not the proper basis for con-
trolling development. h
Five, Council's action that eve-
ning supported by six Republicans
and one Democrat (not seven Re-
publicans as erroneously reported)
authorized the Building Depart-
men to issue a building permit
if and only if the project met all
other City requirments. It ex-
empted only height, not density
or size of the building as implied
in your article,
Six, The developer was legally
obligated to provide no parking by
City standards (since changed).
Both the Maynard House and Uni-
versity Towers were erected with-
out providing any parking. Mr.
Larcom's negotiation with Towne
Realty for the Forest Street car-
port was an entirely separate busi-
ness transaction between the City
and Towne Realty and took place
after the building was erected.
Council's action in no way pre-
cluded similar negotiations be-
tween the City and the developer
in this instance.

IT IS IMPOSSIBLE to set the
record straight in the space al-
lotted to letters. However, I feel
you own an apology to the Repub-
lican Party, to the Councilmen
(including Councilman Curry) and
principals involved, to the Uni-
versity (and in particular to your
newspaper) and to the gullible Mr.
Carleton Wells and others who
still believe what they read under
your byline. Ethics should require
that your corroborate your facts
before proceeding with a cruci-
fixion such as you undertook in
this article. Use of the pen as a
sword with "freedom of the press"
as a shield is a practice which
can be dangerous when exploited
by immature or unethical jour-
nalists.
-Richard E. Balzhiser
Republican Councilman
Fifth Ward
EDITORS NOTE: The, Daily
regrets the error pointed out in
charge five. It was corrected in a
story Saturday. Also the issue
raised in charge one was clarified
Saturday to correct possible mis-
understanding.
Councilman Balzhiser's other
charges are inaccurate.
0 1) The Daily did not crucify
Eugene Power. He resigned of his
own choosing because of a business
committment to Xerox Corp. after
Michigan Attorney General Frank
Kelley verified a Daily story and,
declared Mr. Power in "substan-
tial conflict of interest."
0 2) Charge two overlooks the
fact that City Administrator Guy
C. Larcom Jr. told Balzhiser and

his fellow councilmen in a Sept.
2, 1965 confidential memo (pub-
lished in the Daily last Wednes-
day) that the "The City Admin-
istrator, City Attorney, and Plan-
ning Director who have been ac-
tive in this matter, were not at the
meeting when the matter was
brought up on the floor. In the
case of the Planning Director, it
would have been possible to attend
if this matter had been scheduled."
03) Charges three and fou'r
omit the fact that Mr. Larcum
said in his memo "With council
backing the administration would
have continued to negotiate for at
least some reasonable provisions
regarding parking, density and
height. It is my firm belief that
the size and density of the build-
ing could be reduced and some
parking required'. ."
0 4.)Charge six omits the fact
that Larcom said in his memo that
"The 75 (parking) spaces to be
provided under a loose legal ar-
rangement by the developer at
some distance from the site do
not compare favorably with the
499 spaces secured by the city ad-
ministration from Towne Realty
(University Towers), after Towne
Realty's building was under con-
struction."
As Mr. Larcom put it in his
memo "Throughout his negoti-
atione, Mr. Kleinpell and his or-
ganization (William St. Com-
pany) have gone directly to Coun-
cil on the assumption that the
political approach was best for his
purposes and has assumed no
necessity of dealing directly on a
cooperative basis with the admin-

istration. As stated above, this has
not been the procedure in the past,
when Council has relied upon the
administration to achieve the best
possible agreement .
Councilman Balzhiser's difficul-
ty in setting the "record straight"
is understandable.
Ex-Officio
To the Editor:
I FEEL the students on this cam-
pus should be fully aware of
the consequences of the SGC mo-
tion to allow non-students to com-
prise up torone-half of the mem-
bership of recognized campus or-
ganizations. I have always seen
volunteer student organizations as
a vehicle to differentiate and
broaden oneself within the large,
indifferent structure of the uni-
versity. If our campus clubs and
societies are taken over by non-
student professionals; a large de-
gree of the student's ability to ad-
vance, mature, and formulate pol-
icy within their organizations will
be lost. As student influence with-
in the group declines, participation
will as well.
I think everyone realizes that
the only organization that' will
benefit from the new ruling is
Voice-SDS. Other political organ-
izations (Young Dems and Col-
lege Republicans) cannot get non-
student members recognized by
their respective statewide organ-
izations. IHA, IFC, and Pan-Hel-
lenic have similar institutional re-
straints on non-student member-
ship.
--Robert M. Smart, '69 LSA

-0

I

4

I

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1
4,
The 'Seve-ra-I Faces o .f

The Discriminating Greek

COLUMBIA'BEAT the University to the
punch on ending draft ranking. Will
other universities now be the first to suc-
cessfully outlaw Greek discrimination?
While Interfraternity Council and Pan-
hellenic Association here were among- the
nation's first to set up membership com-
mittees to combat the problem, other
schools such as Wisconsin, Oregon State
and Colorado among others have now far
outstripped up in the actual eliminatit n
of 4iserip'ination.
At the University, an alumni of the
national fraternity can still decide - at
least on paper-who is acceptable as 'i
member of some fraternities here. This
right is guaranteed them by their na-
tional constitutions, and is a tool which
can be used to discriminate against mem-
bers of a minority group. Similarly many
sororities here still require alumni rec-
ommendations, a practice which can be
used in a discriminatory manner.
*a *

ALTHOUGH IFC and Panhel have suc-
ceeded in eliminating "WASP" clauses
among local chapters, few houses have
shown a willingness to accept minority
group members. While at Cornell Univer-
sity the IFC president has sponsored a
drive to both persuade Negroes to rush
"white" houses and get the houses them-
selves to accept them on an equal basis.
Here IFC and Panhel officers plan noth-
ing of the kind, in fact they assert that
such a program is not the answer to the
discrimination problem.
The Greek system can do much to coun-
ter the bad publicity encountered by te
Defense Department's claim that the Uni-
versity is a school for "rich, white stu-
dents." They must fight national orga-
nizations particularly resistant to change.
However a substantial Greek system such
as the University's could pose enough of a
threat to the nationals to force them to
react.
The final responsibility for discrimina-
tion lies with each individual in the sys-
tem. In the end, through the unanimous
consent system used in rush, each active
has the power to decide whether or not
there will be a member of a minority in
]-t hmic-a T+ thou Aa +w- tho a +at a

By MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH
WASHINGTON Apparently
there are many Robert Ken-
nedys.
There is the gum-chewing Ro-
bert Kennedy, changing his shirt
for the third time in aday as he
takes a phone call before going
over from his office to the Sen-
ate floor.
There is the cigar-smoking Ro-
bert Kennedy who grants his last.
of nearly half-dozen interviews
one day as, sipping a scotch-and-
water, he prepares to go out for
the evening.
A Kennedy secretary, inspecting
the floor plan for the new Ken-
nedy office (Kennedy gets a big-
ger suite as he slowly climbs the
seniority ladder of the Senate)
sighs, "I'll be right next to his
door when he leaves for the floor."
Lyndon Johnson, on the other
hand, snappishly calls him "that
boy.
WHILE KENNEDY IS contro-
versial, much of his activities are
relatively unknown. Although he
'is billed as a strident critic of the
Administration's Viet Nam policy,
he said in his most recent speech
(March 2) on Viet Nam that the
President is "entitled to our hope-
ful sympathy, our understanding,
andour support in theasearch for
peace," and added that "the is-
sue is how we can best support the
goal which President Johnson has
proclaimed of a middle road be-
tween withdrawal and ever-wid-
ening war."
Indeed, Kennedy twice held up
delivery of this speech - which
called for a halt in our bombings
of the North--at the request of
the Administration.
And, Kennedy has been telling
friends, he doesn't want to visit
Viet Nam because "I don't want

(Defense Secretary) McNamara
or (Ambassador-at-Large) Harri-
man, told Bobby that peace ex-
plorations were underway and
that a speech from him on stop-
ping the bombings would be 'most
inopportune' at that point.
"So he held off," the source
said. "On the basis of his conver-
sations with the Administration,
he slipped and told that Oxford
gathering that the next several
weeks would be 'crucial' for peace,'
which was an awfully stupid thing
to do." Kennedy made the remark

that he took the President's re-
marks to mean that if he, Ken-
nedy, called for a halt in the
bombing, it would encourage Ha-
noi, and so Kennedy would have
the 'blood of American boys' on
his hands," Kennedy's friend said."
"The President seemed to be
implying, Kennedy said, that he
would publicly say just that when'
the opportunity came.
"The distrust between them is
so total that I can understand
how the misunderstanding could
have arisen. But Bobbyr interpreted

op .

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i,/ey S

Senate Majority Leader Mike
Mansfield (D-Mont.) asked him to
defer the speech again, the source
went on.
(In an interview with The New
York Times of Feb. 18 Kennedy
had said he was planning a major
statement on Viet Nam, adding
that he had reservations about the
effectiveness of our bombing.)
"His speech would have come
right during the debate on Joe
Clark's resolution," the source ex-
plained. (On Feb. 24 Sen. Joseph
Clark (D-Pa.) had offered a rider
to an appropriations bill stipula-
ting that no part of the money in
the bill should be spent to in-
crease U.S. troop strength in Viet
Nam to over 500,000 unless the
President asked Congress to de-
clare war.)
According to the source, "Mans-
field told the Senator that his
speech would be highly embarrass-
ing, coming as it would during the
Clark debate, and asked him to
put it off." Kennedy did, the Clark
rider lost, and Kennedy finally .
made his speech on March 2-long
after the chance for any political
or diplomatic impact had slipped
by.
(Kennedy may have some rea-
son to believe Johnson did, indeed,
deliver a threat about a proposed
Kennedy stop - the - bombing
speech. Last Friday. in honoring
Specialist Daniel Fernandez, who
posthumously received the Medal
of Honor, Johnson said that "the
question that haunts me today"
was whether the grenade which
killed Fernandez had come into
South Viet Nam during "our long-
est pause in bombing of the
North."
(And, Johnson went on, "Those
who are urging an unconditional
cessation of the bombing should
ask themselves: 'What are the

"All the adjectives the liberals
like to stick on him now-'ruth-
less,' 'nasty' and so on-got started
then," one reporter who covered
the hearings recalls.
"One day after the hearings I
was riding to his office with him
and some of his staff," the report-
er goes on. "He asked me what I
thought of the hearings, and I
thought he wanted to know-so I
told him.
"I said I thought he was baiting
and abusing the witnesses. Ken-
nedy didn't have much of a reac-
tion until we got up to his office.
Then he turned to me, and said,
'Am I through with you now?' as
if he meant forever."
But they're still on good terms,
the reporter adds.
OCCASIONALLY, Kennedy can
be cuttingly ironic - as when,
having dodged a reporter for most
of an afternoon, he gave the news-
man an interview while taking the
four-minute walk from his office
to the Senate floor and then turn-
ed to ask, "Does that take care of
your problems?"
But increasingly the sarcasm
simply becomes the peculiar kind
of mocking-often self-mocking-
Kennedy wit.
KENNEDY JESTS about his
feud with Johnson :
"We talked about the dangers
of escalation, the possibilities of a
truce and negotiations-and then
we decided to talk about Viet
Nam."
And he is fond of saying that
he favors lowering the voting age
to 18. "In fact, I think it should
be lowered to 12," he adds. (He
was reportedly delighted by a
straw popularity poll of Califor-
nia students which showed him
outpolling President Johnson five-

)

w 2

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_,

Lesson in democracy N(. 2: The right to dissent

to a meeting of the Oxford Union

the President's remarks as a

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