TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 1967
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, APR1TJ 11, 1967 TUE MICHIGAN DAILY PAflE TW~R
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TWO DAYS OF RIOTING:
Shots Break 12-Hour Peace
In Nashville's College Area
-l'' a- 7 -0 -m.
WASHINGTON (F)) - The Sen-
ate Labor Committee approved 14-
0 last night a resolution asked by
President Johnson extending for
20 days the no-strike period in
the rail shopcraft dispute.
Sen. Lister Hill, (D-Ala.), said
the measure will be taken up for
Senate debate Tuesday soon after
the body meets at 11 a.m. EST, an
hour ahead of the normal time.
House leaders plan' to bring up
a companion resolution at the
Reject Voluntary Extension
The Senate panel was called
back into session last night after
collapse of its efforts to arrange
a voluntary extension of the dead-
line for the walkout that threat-
ens to pile a nation-wide rail
strike on top of the trucking shut-
Union representatives rejected
The union turndown came in
the face of an urgent request by
President Johnson for congres-
sional action to force an exten-
sion of the statutory no-strike
cooling-off period that runs out
at midnight tomorrow.
Members of the Senate Labor
Committee, meeting on Johnson's
request, urged 'union and manage-
ment spokesmen to recommend a
voluntary agreement that would
make congressional action un-
The railways reported back
,. through J. E. Wolfe, chairman of
the National Railway Labor Con-
ference, that they were willing to
resume wage bargaining talks as
soon as the six AFL-CIO shop-
craft unions agreed to the exten-
But Joseph Ramsey of the Ma-
chinists Union, one of the labor
spokesmen, said, "We turned it
."They tried to get the monkey
off their back and pin it on ours,"
Ramsey told reporters, "but we
don't go along with that."
Johnson, preparing to leave for
the Punta del Este summit con-
Sference in South America., asked
Congress in a special message to
head off the threatened rail strike.
And he asked also that the Jus-
tice Department determine wheth-
er. an 80-day injunction can be
obtained to halt the trucking shut-
The crippling impact of the
truck lockout was felt swiftly in
the automobile industry with all
the principal manufacturers in
the Detroit area and elsewhere
scheduling substantial cutbacks
for today in the wake of rather
limited effects yesterday.
In Chicago, Zenith Corp., manu-
facturer of television and radio'
sets, announced the immediate'
closing of all seven of its plants,;
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (A') -
Mao Tse-tung apparently won his
victory over President Liu Shao-
chi in the Politburo Standing
Committee by stacking that high-
est policy body in Red China with
his followers, a Tanjug News
Agency dispatch from Peking said
NASHVILLE, Tenn. (P) - Gun-.
shots last night broke an uneasy
peace which had prevailed for 12
hours and sent police to Nash-
ville's Negro college area, scene
of two straight nights of rioting.
Several shots were heard near]
groups, one of them predominant.
ly white, in Nashville last week.
Meanwhile, Dr. James R. Law-
son, acting president of Fisk, said,
"There were at most a dozen Fisk
students actively involved" in the
Lawson also commended Nash-
ville police "for the splendid han-
dling of this. I don't see how they
stand up under such abuse."
The president said the only
damage to the campus was several
broken windows and a damaged
Lawson and Fisk Student Coun-
cil President Lucious Outlaw also
denied statements of some rioters
that their actions were a "protest
against the domination of Fisk
University by whites."
yesterday. Tennessee State University on the
The procedure shows why the city's northwest side as several
removal of Liu and his lieutenants small groups, mostly young Ne-
AMERICAN STUDENTS RETALIATE
John Collins, 24, of Medford, Mass., and a group of demonstrators burn a French flag to protest
Vice President Humphrey's reception in France. Collins said, "The French burned a U.S. flag while
Vice President Humphrey was there, so we decided to burn a French flag here."
166 VIET CONG KILLED:
Planes Use Cluster Bombs
from positions of power in the
party is so slow, said Branko Bo-
gunovic, Tanjug's correspondent.
But he pre' cted some action
against them soon.
Bogunovic sala only tne addi-
tion of four members to the
Standing Committee, possibly at
the plenary session of the Central
Committee last August, permitted
Mao to win a 6-5 victory in his
-struggle with Liu after two weeks
of sessions ending early this
Then according to Tanjug. the
Standing Committee condemned
the rebellious five for "persistent
adherence to the bourgeois reac-
But the five, including Liu, re-
main members of the Standing
Committee in spite of all attacks,
Gogunovic noted. This is because
the Central Committee of the par-
ty must act to expel them, and
Liu is believed to have strong sup-
Bogunovic said that according
tthe published list of those who
opposed and supported Mao, only
three of the former Standing
Committee of seven were for con-
demning the Liu group.
These were the party chairman
himself, Defense Minister Lin
Piao, his heir apparent, and Pre-
mier Chou En-lai.
Arrayed against them were Liu,
Teng Hsiao-peng, the party gen-
eral secretary; old Marshal Chu
Teh, Mao's old comrade in arms
who broke with him over the cur-
rent purge, and Deputy Premier
Then four were added to the
Standing Committee, all support-
ers of Mao. They were Chen Po-ta,
Mao's purge chief; Kang Sheng, a
former secret poice official; Li
Fu-chun, a deputy premier and
close friend of Chou who bosses
the economy as state Planning
Commission chairman, and Tao.
But after climbing to the No. 4
position in the party hierarchy as
propaganda chief last summer,
Tao split with Mao and turned up
voting for Liu, the Tanjug dis-
Lliu, Teng, Chu, Chen and Tao
were condemned for refusing to
submit to the gmao line and not
supporting the Cultural Revolu-
tion-as the purge is called, Bo-
At the Standing Committee ses-
sion, Liu and Teng were singled
out as leaders of the "three
against group" - which means
against Mao, socialism, and the
Communist party, he said.
groes, began gathering in the Fisk
University area some 20 blocks
Police fired four rounds of tear
ga and a shotgun warning at an
estimated 300 students near Ten-
nessee State. The crowd scattered.
It was only the second time in
three nights of rioting that police-
men had reserted to tear gas toI
disperse a mob.!
Earlier yesterday afternoon,
Mayor Beverly Briley promised
that "law and order will prevail."
He expressed belief that policemen
had the situation in hand and
termed the disturbances, includ-
ing gunfire, rock and brick throw-
ing, gasoline bombs and several
fires, an "insurrection."
Gov. Buford Ellington was re-
ported in close touch with the sit-
uation, but a spokesman said he
had received no "request for use of
either the National Guard or the
A Negro student was shot in
the neck and many others, includ-
ing newsmen and policement, suf-
fered less severe injuries.
Of more than 50 persons arrest-
ed, nine were charged with incit-
ing to riot. Two of them were
George Washington Ware, Atlan-
ta, and Ernest Stephens, Tuskegee
Ala.. both aides of Stokely Car-
michael, the black power advocate.
A hearing for Ware and Ste-
phens yesterday was postponed
until May 13 to give them time to
get a lawyer.
Carmichael, head of the Student
Non - Violent Coordinating Com-
mittee, spoke to three college
PUNTA DEL ESTE, Uruguay (A')
-Latin-American chiefs began ar-
riving for the hemisphere summit
conference yesterday under secur-
ity arrangements that turned this
South American sea resort into a
virtual military fortress. President
Johnson is due today.
Uruguayan warships patroled
offshore. Antiaircraft - batteries
nestled in strategic spots. Urug-
uayan soldiers and police guarded
a three-square-mile security zone
surrounding the chalet where
Johnson will stay on the ocean-
side. They patroled on foot, horse-
back, and in cars.
The conference, aimed at pump-
ing new life into the alliance for
progress and raising Latin Ameri-
can living standards, opens to-
morrow in the gambling casino of
the plush San Rafael hotel.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk,
who arrived last week, and Latin
American foreign ministers have
been preparing the agenda for the
summit meeting over the past few
Discussions have centered chief-
ly on increasing U.S. aid to Latin
America, a Latin-American com-
mon market and the easing of re-
strictions on the flow of Latin-
American goods into U.S. markets.
Latin Americans are asking the
United States to permit them to
purchase goods with U.S. aid mon-
ey in countries other than the
United States. One U.S. concession
might be permission to use the
money within a Latin-American
A march of Communist youths
to "repudiate" the summit confer.
ence in general and President
Johnson in particular was contin-
uing along its 70-mile route from
Montevideo to Punta del Este. But
100 of the original 200 marchers
have dropped out.
Uruguay Hosts Conference
For Hemisphere's :Leaders
SAIGON, (/')-Troops of the
newest U.S. Army division in Viet-
nam killed 166 battle-hardened
Viet Cong in a two-day fight that
ended last night just 20 miles
southwest of Saigon. The increased
tempo of ground fighting con-
tinued elsewhere in the war.
Over-all enemy casualties after
24 hours of fighting - chiefly
around Saigon-left 315 Commu-
nists dead, the U.S. Command re-
were 4 men killed and 79 wounded.
ported U.S. casualties reported
Thirty of the wounded were Mar-
ines aboard an Amtrac that hit
a mine 14 miles southwest of Da
At the same time the command
acknowledged that U.S. warplanes
have been dropped cluster bomb
units all along in raids on North
Vietnam Such units are canisters'
containing 800 small bombs about
the size of a fist with a damage
capability of 800 hand grenades.
U.S officials said they are used
against anti-aircraft guns and
crews, surfaceto-air missile sites,
radar installations and such "thin-
skinned"' targets and light armor.
The bombs are also called anti-
The Communists have charged
the mobs are aimed at killing or
The biggest Communist losses in
the ground actions were in the
two-day clash near Rach Kien,I
southwest of Saigon
Two communist battalions, to-
taling about 750 men, came under
attack by a battalion of the 39th
Regiment of the U.S. 9th Infantry
Division - the "Old Reliables" -
which began arriving in South
Vietnam Dec. 19 mainly for opera-
tions in the Mekong River Detta,
a Communist stronghold for 20
In another action yesterday, the
Viet Cong shelled an American
army division base camp. The at-
tack was with recoiless rifles
against the 25th Division head-
quarters at Cu Chi, 25 miles north-
west of Saigon.
World News Roundup
Mission to Europe
By The Associated Press ,
NEW DELHI, India-U.N. Sec-
retary-General U Thant declared
last night that without cessation
of American bombing of North
Vietnan "I do not believe there
will be any move toward peace."
Speaking at a state banquet
given in his honor by Prime Min-
ister Indira Gandhi, Thant said
of the Vietnam war, "My personal
feeling is it is a very unequal com-
bat. It has potentalities of grow-
ing into a wider war and spilling
over its frontiers."
Thant, in for a four-day state
visit, said peace in Vietnam has
been "one of my obsessions. It
sseems to me this is one of the
most barbarous wars in history."
NEW YORK-The stock market
took a severe setback in fairly ac-
tive trading yesterday.
The Dow Jones average of 30
industrials closed off 10.91 points
The New York Stock Exchange
Common Stock Index showed a
loss of 60 cents in the average
price of a share.
* * *
NEW ORLEANS-The 5th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals refused
yesterday to recall or delay its
total school integration order for
six Southern states.
The court turned down recall
petitions by Louisiana and Ala-
bama. It issued only a brief notice
that the motions were denied. No
reason was given.
Voters Expected To Re-elect
Powell in Harlem Balloting.
NEW YORK OP)-Harlem goes
to the polls today and is expected
to reelect Adam Clayton Powell
to the Congress which expelled
The question is whether there
will be a big turnout to protest
the expulsion of the 58-year-old
Negro congressman-or whether
the voters will stay home from
"Everybody is sure that Powell
will be reelected," said his cam-
paign chairman, L. Joseph Over-
ton. "This complacency may stop
them from coming out and vot-
ing." He said the campaign was
short of funds to advertise the
Powell, 'elected every two years
since 1944, did not campaign in
person. He can be arrested for
contempt of court if he returns
from his island retreat at Bimini,
His opponents, both Negroes, are
Lucille Pickett Williams, 50, Re-
publican, an attractive, articulate
and veteran GOP worker; and
the Rev. Ervin F. Yearling, 38,
Conservative, a Baptist preacher
Mrs. Williams did not campaign
either and said she "never had
any illusions about beating Adam."
Yearling, however, professed to
be optimistic on his chances. He
campaigned against open housing,
and integration and called Powell
"depraved and degenerate." The
Conservative party is a right-wing
offshoot of the New York GOP,
which has been doing better in
every recent election, but not too
well in Harlem.
WASHINGTON UP) -President
Johnson welcomed Vice President
Hubert H. Humphrey yesterdayi
from a turbulent mission to Eur-
ope and said the west cannot at-
tain its ambitions until "the an-
cient world of Asia" is a full part-
ner in progress.
Amid pomp and military cere-
mony on the south lawn of the
White House, Johnson said the
Vice President carried that mes-
sage to the leaders of Europe.
"You have carried to them our
viction that peace, like freedom,
is indivisible," Johnson told the
"Neither the New World of the
Americans nor the Old World of
Europe, can hope to fulfill its
dreams and ambitions until the
ancient world of Asia has become'
a full and equal partner in the
forward movement of man. '
Humphrey encountered shout-1
ing, egg-throwing demonstrators,
protesting the Vietnam war, in five1
Nevertheless, he was said to feel
the mission had achieved diploma-
tic successes, and reasured Euro-
pean leaders that the United
States will not turn its back on
them despite its troubles in Asia.
In Paris, the United States of-
ficially protested the anti-Amer-
ican demonstrations which oc-
curred during Humphrey's visit.
Robert H. McBride, embassy min-
ister, delivered the oral protest to
the foreign ministry. The incidents
The Soviet Union took note of
the demonstrations in a Pravda
report which said Humphrey's
missin was a failure.
"Our friends in. Eurpe remain
our good friends," Humphrey told
Johnson at the White House." We
do have reason for optimism."
Humphrey will make a full re-
port to the President later, and
some believe he may recommend
that Johnson undertake a similar
journey to Europe.
Wed., April 12, 8:00 P.M. Multipurpose Rm., UGLI
THE FUTURE OF NON-VIOLENCE
DEVI PRASAD, born in Dehra Dun at the foot of the
Himalayds, graduate in Fine Arts from the Univer-
sity founded by Ravindra Nath Tagore. He took part
in the national freedom struggle and later joined
Gandhi's Centre' of Basic Education, his work and
research leading to a book, Child Art and Education.
Currently General Secretary of War Registers' Inter-
national he has played a special role in creating a
dialogue between the pacifist movement and the
peace movements in Eastern Europe. Devi Prasad is
deeply convinced that a new politics must be created,
based on non-violent methods.
NEED CARFARE HOME?
SELL YOUR USED BOOKS
TUESDAY, April 11, 12:00 Noon
"POPULATION PROBLEMS: A MORAL
AND ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE"
Speaker: DR. JAMES N. MORGAN
Professor of Economics and
Program Director, Survey Research Center, I.S.R.
STUDENT BOOK SERVICE
Sponsored by the
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F. SCOTT FITZGERALD:
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