FOREIGN POLICY NEEDS
CALL OF LIBERALS
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Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVI, No. 159 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 1967 SEVEN CENTS
iFsch Favors Bomb Halt if North Recipro
By RICHARD WINTER . "The Administration has no and Southeast Asia as a whole;" to plan their lives with any cer- a lottery is an improvement over with the Consular Treaty just rati- Esch
"If the North Vietnamese would consistent policy in Vietnam, just -we should "strive for a unity tainty." the present system. It could be a fied by the Senate." ly" t
show any signs of a reciprocal ac- a policy of escalation," Esch con- within our own government con- According to Esch, "the main close vote." E has introduced several denti
tion, I would favor a halt in the tinued. cerning the war." He pointed out question to be asked about any Later this spring, following fur- sch
bombing," commented Rep. Marvin "I think Congress, by means of that different departments in form of draft is, is it equitable?" ther study of the situation, Esch pieces of legislation into Congress, Rel
Esch, the Second District fresh- the Armed Services Committee, Washington apparently have dif- Esch considers the lottery sys- said he would come out with a including bills designed: polc
man Republican congressman, in should look into this." ferent aims and goals for the war; tem, recommended by President "definite posture" on the draft. " to give tax incentives to busi- proba
an interview with The Daily Fri- -and in Vietnam itself, we must Johnson to be an improvement Esch said that he was surprised nesses providing job training for swer
day. Esch speculated that Secretary find a "third group who will be over the present draft, but he to find that "partisanship doesn't unskilled workers; claim
Esch, who narrowly defeated te ea o able to effectively govern all of plans to investigate "further al- appear to exist" in Washington " to encourage more localized ed ab
Democratic Rep. Weston Vivian r nep . mVietnam." ternatives." as far as funds for particular
last fall, said that "as long as the Pennsylvania Gov. William Scran- When asked about the draft, Esch indicated he might prefer areas or scientific projects are o
United States continues to anger ton. Scranton was an assistant Esch replied that, to politicians, "the abolition of the draft en- concerned. * to help ease the price squeeze Iteln
its allies with its bombing, the secretary of state during part of it is "a subject on par with abor- tirely, to be replaced by a profes- "The fact that I am a Repub- on milk farmers, who are present- Iall
North Vietnamese have no reason" the EisenhoweriAdministration, tion and taxes. it's important but sional volunteer army. The im- lican in a Democratic adminis- ly striking in protest of falling ce
to withdraw their support from andea ctive Repblc4 not often discussed in definite proved equity of this system would tration appears to have no bearing milk prices ed to
the South, and negotiate. paterms. overshadow the increased costs on federal grants coming to Ann Looking to 1968 Esch predict-
Esch also explained that a de- Esch proposed three guidelines "The weakness of the present which it would incur." Arbor or the University," he said. ed a victory for the Republicans iz
finite credibility gap exists in the which he thinks the U.S. should system," he continued, "lies in the Esch also indicated that the lot- "For despite being the minority with their presidential candidate ganiz
"inconsistencies between what we follow in regard to Vietnam: local control of draft boards. Also, tery system may run into trouble party, Republicans can still apply George Romney. Ruling out Gov. gover
are told and what is really hap- -we must "articulate our policy the draft as it now stands is too in Congress. "Many congressmen pressure to get various bills de- Ronald Reagan of California and can't
pening" in Vietnam. in regard to Vietnam in particular, indefinite: young men are unable have their doubts as to whether feated or passed, as was the case Richard Nixon on various grounds, said.
said Romney is "most like-
o gain the Republican presi-
ferring to Romney's Vietnam
Y speech delivered last Fri-
ight, Esch said that "it would
bly be too general to an-
Romney's critics," who have
ed that Romney is uninform-
mmenting on the recent Na-
m Student Association-Centrai
igence Agency scandal, Esch
I it "unfortunate that such
edings were covert, as oppos-
it is necessary for such or-
ations to receive aid from the
nment, it is too bad that it
be done out in the open," he
By MARCY ABRAMSON
The' State Board of Education
has tentatively approved a revised
teacher certificationacode. The
new requirements, according to
Edward Pfau of the State Bureauj
of Higher Education, will allow'
colleges and universities to define
and administer their own teacher
education programs, and within
a liberalized code subject to Board
The present University require-
ment of a 30-hour major and two
15-hour minors for secondary
teachers will be replaced by a 30-
20 one major-one minor pattern,
Malcolm A. Lowther, chairman of
the education school's undergrad-
uate committee, indicated.
The elementary certification
program will be changed to allow
the prospective teacher a choice
between the 30-20 sequence or a
group of three 20-hour minors,
instead of the currentrrequirement
of four 15-hour minors.
After study by education groups
throughout the state and a public
hearing in Lansing April 26, the
code will be reviewed by the Board
in early May, with final adoption
possible as early as June. The cur-
rent certification code has notj
been changed since 1939.
Revisions in the code will not
affect students presently complet-
ing teacher certificates, Lowther
said. The program will be imple-
mented over a two-year period
from July, 1968, to July, 1970.t
Juniors entering the School of
Education this' fall may, be the
first affected by the new code.
Changes in specific course re-
quirements will'be determined by
the University. At the present
time a group of curriculum sub-
committees in the literary college
is considering changes in course
requirements to accompany the.
new 30-20 program.
The code also provides-the State*
Board of Education with authority
to approve and periodically review
the programs of teacher training
A reciprocity section is included
in the proposed code for teachers
from other states and graduates
of Michigan schools who want to
teach outstate. Michigan certifi-
cation will be valid in states with
similar certification codes.
The proposed code also provides
for raising the minimum require-
ment for permanent certification
from the present 10 semester hours
of graduate work beyond a bach-
elor's degree to 15 hours.
(!~ ~hI~~a ~~i~1firmns Face
Late World News
By The Associated Press
SANTA 'MONICA, Calif.-At last night's Academy Awards
ceremonies, Oscars were presented to Paul Scofield, best actor for
his role in "A Man For All Seasons," Elizabeth Taylor, best actress
for "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?"; Walter Matthau, best
supporting actor for "A Man For All Seasons," Sandy Dennis,
best supporting actress for "Who's Afraid of Virgina Woolf?";
and Fired Zinnemann, best director for "A Man For All Seasons."
"A Man For All Seasons" was selected best picture of the
year by Academy votes.
Other Oscars went to Johr, Barry, most original score in
"Born Free"; Ken Thorne, best scoing of music adaptation or
treatment in "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the
Forum"; Haskell Wexler, best black and white cinematography
in "Virginia Woolf"; Ted Moore, best color cinematography in
"A Man For All Seasons."
* * * *
NASHVILLE-The Tennessee House of Representatives by a
voice vote adopted a resolution yesterday asking deportation of
"black power" advocate Stokely Carmichael.
Rep. Harry Lee Senter, sponsor of the resolution, told the
House, "There has been treason sedition and anarchy. There has
been blood shed in our streets" since Carmichael's visit to the
riot area. Carmichael is chairman of the Student Non-Violent
AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY has released figures in-
dicating that the joint Interfraternity Council-Panhellenic cancer
drive netted $2,352.75, more than double the amount collected last
year. The tag drive held last Friday involved 245 workers from
46 individual fraternities and sororities. Lamda Chi Alpha and
Chi Omega were the top contributors, collecting $171.44.
* * * *
THE FOURTH GOVERNOR'S CONFERENCE on Student
Volunteers, holding its annual meeting at Michigan State Uni-
versity Saturday, passed a resolution calling for the establishment
.of a state-wide organization to increase communication between
volunteer groups on Michigan campuses. Richard Sleet, Director
of the Ann Arbor Tutorial and Cultural Relations Project, said
the new organization would help to decrease the isolation of in-
dividual projects on local campuses.
THE UNIVERSITY FORENSICS Guild took top honors in
last weekend's women's collegiate oratorical contest as its final
activity of the year. Janet Gaspar, '67, won first place with her
oration "He's On Our Side."
Sue McGill, '69; Robert Hirshon, '70; and Don Racheter,
'69, also recently took first place in the Michigan Inter-Collegiate
Speech League Discussion Tournament. Hirshon was voted top
speaker in the tournament.
A SEMILAR ENTITLED "The Drugs That Harm: A Crisis in
Law and Medicine" will be held Friday and Saturday in True-
blood Auditorium by the Institute of Continuing Legal Education
of the Law School.
The seminar will draw over 1,000 lawyers, doctors, drug
manufacturers, pharmacists, hospital officials and paramedical
personnel. The conference is the first of its kind to be held in
the United States.
LANSING (P)-Michigan Atty.
Gen. Frank Kelley announced yes-
terday that the state has filed an
antitrust suit against 14 book pub-
lishers and three book wholesalers
charging price-fixing in books sold
to public libraries and schools
throughout the state.
Kelley said a preliminary esti-
mate of damages sought is around
$2 million. The state recently ob-
tained a more than $1 million
settlement in a price-fixing case
involving the sale of rock salt to
the state-then a record settle-
Filed in District Court
The suit was prepared in co-
operation with Ira Polley, state
superintendent ofrpublic instruc-
tion. It was filed in the U.S. Dis-
strict C o u r t at Philadelphia
through intervention in an action
previously filed by numerous pub-
lic agencies. WCBN, the student radio station
Kelley said preliminary data in- right) are Bruce Holberg, '69; Ma
dicate that some 900 public schools manager; and Dean Whitlow, '69.
and more than 290 libraries in the Wiseman, '69E; Joe Doll, '69E; an
state, including some operated di-
rectdly by the state, may have been PETITION FILED:
The formal complaint alleges: Begin Im
"That beginning at least as ear-
ly as 1965, defendant and their
co-conspirators have unlawfully
conspired in violation:of the Sher- f ow a
man Antitrust Act to fix uniform
and noncompetitive prices for sale
of books to school and public By JIM HECK I
libraries; to restrict and limit the pmc
supply, physical quantity and types A petition with more than the
of books for sale thereto; and to required 500 names was presented h
I purchase thereby of books last night to the Iowa State Uni- c
requirercha shy reby af on-sversity of Science and Technology t
of inferior physical quality at un- student senate asking the im- t
reasonably high and noncompeti- peachment of student government!
tive prices." president Donald R. Smith.
In April 1966 a federal grand Students want Smith thrown
jury was convened in Chicago re- out because of the national pub-
sulting from hearings conducted licity he allowed to be given to a
by U.S. Sen. Philip A. Hart (Dem- "pot party" he held. ,
Mich), chairman of the antitrust He became the center of na-
and monopoly subcommittee. tional controversy when he allow-
Kelley said he has been advised ed a Life Magazine reporter to
that the findings of the federal film and cover the party.
grand jury are now under study Admits Smoking
by the U.S. Justice Department. Smith openly admits to his mar-
The publishers' defendants are: ijuana activities, claiming that he
Harper & Row Publishers, Inc.; has "since given it up." However, f
The MacMillan Co.; McGraw-Hill possible prosecution by the Ames f
Book Co.; Golden Press, Inc.; city district attorney follows if
Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.; Life Magazine prints the story. In
Random House, Inc.; Alfred A. Students on campus claimed
Knopf, Inc.; Franklin Watts, Inc.; that the Life reporter told them a
Henry Z. Walck, Inc.; Children's the story would be printed "in a
Press, Inc.; Little Brown & Co.; two or three days." But Roy Row- V
G. P. Putnam's Sons; David Mc- an, Life editor, said last night in
Kay Co.; Baker & Taylor Co. New York, "I know nothing of the
[NT WCBN STAFF
, last night filled positions on next year's staff. In front (left to
rti Stahl, '68; Mary Lee Danielson, '69; Joe Quasarano, '69, station
In back are Dave Milberg, '70; Jim Coyle, '68; Dick Barton, '68; Jim
d Jim Walker, '68.
- - - - - -- - - - - -- - --7---- --- -
Daily labeled as "an unpopular servatism" if he remained as the
onservative." successor to the presidency should
Christensen has since offered Smith be impeached.
his resignation to the senate The actual impeachment rests
laiming that students "would ei- in the student senate which must
her have to decide between ex- pass the motion by a two-thirds
reme liberalism or extreme con- vote.
Labor Day Weekend
Caps Summerl Fetes
BOSTON (P').-The First U.
Court of Appeals ruled Monday
that the amendment to the Selec-
tive Service Law which prohibits
destruction or mutilation of draft
cards is unconstitutional.
"Any singling out of persons
engaged in a protest for special
treatment strikes at the very core
of what the First Amendment pro-
tects," Chief Judge' Bailey Aldrich
said in the ruling.
The ruling was made in the case
of David Paul O'Brien, 21, of
Framingham, who was given a six-
year prison sentence in Federal
Court in Boston after publicly
burning his drafty card on the steps
of the South Boston Courthouse.
Judge Aldrich upheld the con-
viction, however, because O'Brien
had violated the Selective Servie
law by not having his draft card
in his possession at all times.
He remanded the case to Fed-
eral Court with instructions to
vacate the six-year sentence and
impose a new one, saying he fear-
ed the six-year sentenceghad been
imposed because of the public
The. circuit court's decision can
be overruled by appeal to the U.S.
Supreme Court. Until then the de-
cision is legally binding in the
jurisdiction of the First Court of
Appeals and is available to other
courts as a precedent in similar
The court pointed out a "sharp
distinction between the public
gesture of burning a draft card,
which is a demonstration of free
speech, and the more basic action
of failure to retain possession of
Must Carry Cards
Judge Aldrich held that the Se-
lective Service regulation pro-
viding that registrants must carry
cards at all times is a legitimate
requirement. He suggested to U.S.
Atty. Paul F. Markham that in the
future all persons who burn their
cards be charged only with failure
to have the cards in their posses-
The Spring Mobilization to End
the War in Vietnam has called for
a rally in New York April 15, at
which a mass draft-card burning
protest may take place.
Anti-war groups, most notably
the Students for a Democratic
Society at Cornell University in
Ithaca, New York, have been soli-
citing pledges to burn draft cards
"not to be made binding until 500
signatures have been gathered."
By DEBORAH REAVEN
University Activities Center's
irst Labor Day Weekend next
all will wind up a summer pro-
;ram that includes an outdoor
movie, informal faculty discussions
nd a summer weekend compar-
ble to a small-scale Winter
The Labor Day Weekend, chair-
d by Robert Sparks, '68E, 'with
The Summer Weekend will in-
clude a dance contest, mixer,
several games and possibly a con-
cert, also to be held in the baseball
UAC will also be running a serv-
ice program for incoming students
including orientation m i x e r s,
tours of museums and slides of
both Union and League facilities.
A course advisory seminar and the
annual sports spree are both on
the agenda for fall orientation.
DIFFERENT FROM '30'S:
Student Unrest Result of Goal Conflict,
Campus Multiplicity, Says U' Professor
arcl-Ie."the assistance of Steve Eklund,
In the meantime Smith's fate '69E, will be highlighted by a Sat-
hans b th leal echicaityurday night concert with Louis
that would arise if Life prints Armstrong, to be held in the base-
the story. ball stadium, a road rally Satur-
Sufficient Grounds day afternoon, a picnic Sunday
According to Iowa law, a print- co-sponsored by the Ann Arbor
ed article is sufficient grounds for Jaycees, a jazz concert Sunday
a grand jury to send out sub- night and an, outdoor movie Mon-
poenas. In New York, where the day night.
article would officially be pub- According to Sparks, a carnival
lished, no such law exists. is tentatively being planned to
Smith, a member of Students open Friday night and run
for a Democratic Society (SDS), through the entire weekend. A
advocates "radical action rather "Beergarden" is also scheduled for
than ,passive." He wants the n- Friday night along with a mixer,
stitution of coed dorms "rather Other tentative plans include a
than the throwing off of kids beach party Monday and fire-
from campus for paticipating in works that night.
Saturday night Smith held a Also on the schedule is a softball
+~- rda'niht mithn ' hea game starring "The King and His
Free Speech Group Faces
Expulsion Threat at lli~ois
By RON LANDSMAN
The discovery by incoming fresh-
men that they are not the primary
concern of their university but are
only part of a larger scene results
in much stress and student unrest
today, according to Prof. Donald
Brown of the University's Center
for Research on Learning and
turn to this new sub-culture for One such group which serves in demonstration may get as much
their goals and their rewards (the this stress-reducing capacity, the as 15 per cent of the students."
career-oriented goals, in part)," student movement, attract today's "Greater visibility" of students
Brown said, "or they can turn to college student because it offers accounts for its increased pub-
a peer-culture which openly chal- "excellent opportunities for the licity in the press. This is due, he
lenges the state of society and expression of moral outrage so noted, to a change in the nature
provides a confronting way to en- present in many of our sophisti- of the student body.
gage in social and individual re- cated and sensitive youth," Brown Value Change
volt." maintains. He also pointed out that today's
Students for Free Speech at
the University of Illinois will hold
a noon rally at the Champaign-
Urbana campus union today to
discuss the threat of expulsion if
the group brings a Communist
speaker to campus as planned.
Dean of Students Stanton Mil-
let Saturday disclosed a letter to
the SFS stating that "if campus
laws and regulations are directly
bring a Communist speaker to
campus before April 19 when the
Illinois board of trustees meets.
The trustees recently refused to
recognize the radica. DuBois Club,
claiming it was a "subversive, un-
American" group forbidden by the
state's Clabaugh Act.
The faculty senate at Illinois
voted last Thursday to "protest"
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