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April 01, 1967 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-04-01

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Court Order
Bars Today's
Rail Strike
States Strike Would
Interrupt Flow of
Defense Materials
CHICAGO (AP)-Railroad con-
ductors and brakemen were barred
yesterday from proceeding with a
nationwide railroad strike sched-
uled to begin today.
Judge Richard B. Austin of U.S.
District Court issued a temporary
restraining order against the
Order of Railroad Conductors and
Brakemen. A suit for the order
was filed earlier in the day on
behalf of 66 railroads.
The temporary order remains
effective until April 10. Judge
Austin set a hearing on a perma-
nent injunction against the strike
for April 7.'
Walkout Called for Today
The union had called a walkout
for 12:01 a.m. today. Union offi-
cials did not attend the. hearing
and, offered no opposition to the
railroads' action.
"The threat of a strike definite-
ly constitutes an emergency at this
time," James R. Wolfe, a manage-
ment attorney, said in requesting
the order. Wolfe is general attor-
ney for the National Railway
Labor Conference.
"We would expect the conduc-
tors' organization to obey the
court order," he said.
Not Contest Order
Charles I. Hopkins, one of
Wolfe's associates, said he confer-
red with union representatives be-
fore the hearing and they report-
edly said they would not contest
the restraining order.
Wolfe told Judge Austin that
the dispute between the railroads
and the union "involves interpre-
tation of an agreement which is
subject to consideration by the
National Railroad Adjustment
Board." He did not elaborate on
the dispute.
Judge Austin did -not comment
on the temporary restraining
The oreder said, "The threat-
ened strike world seriously impede
trasnportation of passengers, mail,
and substantially interrupt the
freight and express loading-in-
cluding the transportation of mili-
tary personnel and defense ma-
terials-essential to the military
effort in Vietnam."
It restrains the union from
striking, picketing or interfering
with railroad operations.
Clyde F. Lane, union president,
said yesterday in Cedar Rapids,
Iowa, that the organization "will,
of course, comply with the law and
the order of Judge Austin."
Another official of the union
said they are trying to contact
all members in time to prevent
any work stoppage.


Af-*d "im

Seeks Break
With Union
Rebel Claims Support
From NBC Colleagues
To End AFTRA Ties
NEW YORK (A)-Union rebel
Chet Huntley sought to pull fel-
low-newscasters out of a striking
television and radio network union
yesterday. claming undercover
back-to-work support from ,most:
of his NBC collegaues:
Huntley has crossed picket lines'
to remain on the air during the
three-day strike. Although an
AFTRA member, he said a union
that includes announcers, per-
formers, singers and disc jockeys
"does not understand the econ-
omics of the news operation in
BRut Huintle~v ' cie~f rival iWni

China Press Condemns

Lu, Mao's

Chief Rival

TOKYO (A-From the highest grace last year and Defense Min- terms of this book, the more re-
level of the Chinese Communist ister Lin Piao became the No. 2 visionists one becomes and the
party yesterday came the first of- man in Red China. further one degenerates into re-
ficial attack on President Liu Red Flag declared Liu's book visionism.
Shao-chi. an indication that the "must be completely denounced "This book must be thoroughly
struggle for power was closer to a and its bad influence must be z n n i
cticized&J~t*Af a reJ atedfl.~ and~* *it

climax thrown out" because it "takes a
Red Fleg, the theoretical journal roundabout route to push bour-
of party Chairman Mao Tse-tung, geois individualism and slavery."
assailed Liu's book. "How to be a 'Divorced From Class Struggle'
Good Communist," which has been "This book is deceitful talk,"
held up for years as a model for Red Flag said, "divorced from the
17 million p0rty members, living class struggle, from revolu-
To emphasize the repudiation tion and political struggle. The
Tof iu'sehigsi theReuda more one cultivates oneself in
of Liu's teachings, the Red Flag_____________ __
article was reprinted in People:
Daily, the official CommunistA
paer i Pkig.utomnakei
party paper, and all other news-
Posters Not Official ,v ,

pernicious influences liquidated."
The Maoists consider the true
Chinese Communist bible to be
Mao's collected works, now printed
and distributed in the millions.
Condensed quotations from Mao
are printed in small red-covered
Cs File Suit

ter Cronkite, high-salaried ace of Heretofore, attacks on the white-
the CBS news operation, refused haired. 68-year-old president have!Hoc1s
to join Huntley, who draws a com- been limited to wall posters put

1+ i}j 141 ., a 41+ GlL J' it Vlll . N
- _. .. .. C _ _ E rr e- mr rti tm I Til^. w 71 1.... « .., fi 1. Y....

-Associated Press
Dr. Martin Luther King, center, led a march yesterday calling for an open housing ordinance in
Louisville, Ky. With Powell are his wife, Coretta, and a newsman.
Teamsters Threaten Strike,
Truck Shutdown Imminent'

NBC. Cronkite said he told Hunt-'
ley that, "I felt that I had to honor
our union obligations."
Rebuffed by Smith.
Huntley's overtures reportedly
also were rebuffed by ABC's How-
ard K. Smith.;
Nor was there any open en-
dorsement of the revolt from
David Brinkley, although Huntley
claimed the secret support of his
NBC partner. Brinkley has joined
the 18,000-member American Fed-
eration of Television and Radio
Artists on strike. His office said he
could not be reached for comment.
Huntley sent a telegram to NBC
renouncing AFTRA as bargaining
agent for newscasters. The move
was intended to set up a National
Labor Relations Board represen-
tation election, and a possible
withdrawal of newscasters from
the union.
However, the wire .bore only two
signatures-Huntley's and that of
his fellow-rebel from NBC, Frank
McGee. Their revolt against the
strike has been joined by NBC's
Ray Scherer and Morgan Beatty,
but neither signed.

loosed by Mao last year to spear-
head the power struggle. The post-
ers never had official recognition'
and recently were sharply curtail-
ed by authorities.
Red Flag did not mention Liu
by name as it blasted the book
he wrote in 1939. Liu, once con-
sidered Mao's successor, fell from

DETROIT (A)-All tour oI the
nation's major automakers filed
suits in federal court yesterday
challenging three of the govern-
ment's new safety standards for
1968 cars.
The automakare asked the 6th
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals at
Cincinnati, Ohio, to throw out the

Vietnamese Constitution
To Take Effect Today

WASHINGTON (A')-The first
nationwide trucking shutdown in
history was threatening yesterday
when negotiators for 1,500 major
firms warned they would lock
their doors if the Teamsters Union
attempts strikes against individual
An "immediate and complete ces-
sation of our operations" was
threatened by Trucking Employ-
ers, Inc. if the Teamsters strike
even a few firms over deadlocked
national contracts talks covering
some 500,000 workers.
While Teamsters walkouts could
have begun as early as midnight
yesterday when their present con-
tract expires, most local unions
won't take strike votes until this
Slim Chance of Agreement
But M. M, Gordon, president of
Trucking Employers, Inc., told fed-
eral officals the threat of a shut-
down is "imminent" and added
there is only a slim chance of an
agreement over the weekend.,
Gordon said an industry policy
committee had directed a total
halt in the operations of the 1,500
firms that handle some 65 per
'cent of the nation's trucking busi-

ness if the Teamsters attempt to
"splinter" or "whipsaw" the em-
ployers by striking only a few
A federal source said the truck-
ing firms have the legal right un-
der federal labor laws to carry
out their threat to shut down.
A 'Selective' StrikeJ
Teamsters negotiators, headed
by their general vice president,
Frank Fitzsimmons, have said any
strike would be "selective" against
only a portion of the total 12,000
companies involved in the nego-
Federal mediators continued
meanwhile in their attempts to
reconcile the wide gap- between
the union's 56-cent-an-hour wage
increase denands for a three-year
contract, and the 'industry's latest
offer of 7 cents. Fringe benefits
and numerous improved working
conditions and new equipment de-
manded by the union would bring
the total cost much higher.
Truckers now are paid $3.25 to
$5 an hour.
Wide Gap of Offers
Gordon said the industry's total
offer amounts to an increase of
about four per cent a year, and
that the union's demands added
up to more than 11 per cent per
Gordon said the industry's offer,
including fringe benefits, is worth
49 cents an hour per worker over
the three years, compared with
total Teamsters demands that
would cost 95 cents per hour.
He said the union demands
would "destroy our ability to serve
the general public" and "we de-
mand the right to manage our own
Gordon declined to comment on
how the negotiations had been
affected by the absence of the
Teamsters president, James . R.

Hoffa, who was sent to prison
earlier this month to begin an
eight-year federal jury-tampering
Hoff a, in 10 years at the head
of the union, always had domi-
nated the negotiations, and some
union sources say the trucking
industry is trying to take advan-
tage of his absence to shake off
the union's tight hold on the in-

SAIGON 1PT-South Vietnam's
controversial new constitution goes
into effect today even as efforts
to change it are being mounted.
The official Vietnam Press
Agency reported yesterday the
government also plans to announce
a national reconciliation policy to-
This plan was evolved at the
seven-nation Manila summit con-
ference on Vietnam last October.
American officials had been re-
ported unhappy it had not been
announced earlier. Essentially, it

War Crimes Tribunal' Attacks
U.S. Vietnam War Practices

Heavy Fire BlocksTroops
SAt Viet Cong Headquarters

LONDON (A) - A documented'
attack on American military prac-
tices in Vietnam is being organized
by a handful of European intel-
lectuals as a show trial of alleged
American war crimes. No attempts
are being made to collect evidence
against the Communists.
This ,self-constituted interna-
tional war crimes tribunal" is no-
minally headed by the 94-year-old
British pacifist and philosopher,
Lord Bertrand Russell. It planned
to open in Paris on April 24, but
French officials have said they
will enforce laws against public
insults to stop it.
200 Witnesses
If the tribunal meets, its organ-
izers plan to produce 200 witness-
Ralph Schoenman, 31, Russell's
American secretary, claims to have
several American defectors ready
to testify. He says they are Ne-
groes who left the U.S. forces to
fight alongside the Viet Cong.
Teams have returned from
North Vietnam with photographs
showing what they say are results

SAIGON QP)-Heavy enemy fire
blocked U.S.'troops yesterday from
a War Zone C bunker complex be-
lieved to be a major Communist
headquarters. Stalled through a
four-hour battle, infantrymen call-
ed on air strikes and artillery to
clear the way for them Saturday.
The battle site was 65 miles
north of Saigon in the jungles of
Tay Ninh Province, where Amer-
icans for five weeks have been
seeking both military and political
command posts of the Viet Cong
in the most massive offensive of
the war-Operation Junction City.
A dug-in regiment of Viet Cong
regulars-perhaps 2,500 men-
aimed rockets, mortar shells and
machine-gun bullets against some
1,400 Americans, members of two
battalions of the U.S. 1st Infantry
Division, advancing from a heli-
copter landing field five miles
from the Cambodian frontier.
42 Killed
A field report said seven Amer-
icans have been killed and 42
wounded in the battle. Five were
injured by U.S. bomb fragments
In the close quarters action.
The Viet Cong were reported to
have lost, 28 known dead and it
wvas estimated American shells
and bombs, landing outside the
sight of ground observers, ac-
counted for 50 or 60 others.
In the air war, the U.S. Com-
mand announced destruction of
the Thai Nguyen steel plant's blast
This was accomplished in the

seventh raid on the plant since it
was put on the target list by
Washington three weeks ago.
Rocket fire that fell short cost
the lives of four U.S. Marines and
wounded 18. They were hit by a
Marine F8 Crusader jet that was
supporting a Marine ground ope-'
ration 325 miles northeast of Sai-
gon in Quang Ngai Province.

of U.S. antipersonnel bombs drop-
ped on civilian targets.
In our view, these weapons are
directed specifically against the
civilian population," said Law-
rence Daly, general secretary of.
the Scottish Mineworkers Union.
"The hundreds of steel pellets used
in these bombs are quite ineffec-
tive against concrete and steel.
but they kill and wound cruelly by
piercing the bodies of civilians,"
Daly said.
When Russell announced plans
for the tribunal last year, he said
only witnesses sanctioned by the
U.S. government would be per-
mitted to appear on its behalf.
Members ofathertribunal refused
to accept this and insisted that
any evidence be welcomed.
No Evidence of Communists
But a spokesman said no evi-
dence of atrocities by Communists
in South Vietnam had been sub-
mitted, and no investigators had
been dispatched to Saigon.
Far from apologizing for any
lack of impartiality, Russell and
his secretary defend the tribunal's
briefsagainst the United States,
Russell saying: "We must be ada-
mant on the necessity to distin-
guish between sporadic incidents
in the course of a war of resis-
tance fought by a colonized peo-
ple and the acts systematically
practiced by the American forces
In Vietnam.
'Pattern of Act'
"The tribunal must not focus
on isolated episodes; rather it
must uncover the pattern of acts
committed in a systematic fash-
ion and on higher orders' by the
U.S. military forces in Vietnam."
Schoenman, accused of prejud-

ging the issue, said, "It was the
Gestapo who were judged, not
their victims."
The tribunal members were se-
lected largely by Russell, wbo is
honorary president. Jean-Paul
Sartre, French philosopher, is ex-
ecutive president.
Baldwin and Carmichael
The American members are
Dave Dellinger, pacifist editor of
the magazine Liberation; Stokely
Carmichael, Negro leader of the
Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee, and James Baldwin,
Negro novelist-essayist. Baldwin
joined a few weeks ago.
Others include Isaac Deutcher,
British historian and biographer
of Leon Trotsky, and Lazaro Car-
denas, who nationalized U.S. oil
interests when he was president of
The tribunal operates under no
legal authority, and Russell freely
admits this. He has invoked as a
precedent the Nuernberg war
crimes trial held by the victorious
Allies after World War II.
"The Nuernberg tribunal ex-
pressed the sense of outrage which
was virtually universal at the
crimes committed by the Nazis in
Europe. We do not represent any
state power, nor can we compel
the policymakers responsible for
crimes against the people of Viet-
nam to stand accused before us,"
Russell said.
Russell originally wanted Presi-
dent Johnson, Defense Secretary
Robert S. McNamara and Secre-
tary of State Dean Rusk named ;n
his charges, but French laws would
have prohibited it.

is an attempt to win high-ranking
Communist defectors to the gov-
ernment side by promising them
special treatment and high posi-
Promulgation of the constitution
by the military regime is the latest
in a year-long series of hurdles
blocking the way to civilian rule.
Several obstacles remain before
election of president, vice presi-
dent and the upper house of a two
house National Assembly sched-
uled for Sept. 1.
Militant Roman Catholic groups
demonstrated yesterday against
what they termed an atheist con-
stitution. Perhaps 3,000 marchers
protested elimination to "the So-
preme Being" in the document's
Premier Nguyen Cao Ky, nom-
inally a Buddhist, said he "saw
no obstacle" to restoring a refer-
ence to God in the constitution..
Phan Khac Suu, chairman of
the Constituent Assembly and a
candidate for president under the
new constitution, said assembly-
men will meet again Thursday to
study proposed changes.
Friday's protest against the do-
cument brought the movement for
constitutional government full
The radical Buddhist "struggle
movement" against the military
regime a year age gave the first
impetus to writing a new consti-
tution to replace the one which
died yith President Ngo Dinh
Diem on Nov. 1, 1963. n d
IThe Ky regime arranged elec-
tion of the Constituent Assembly
Sept. 11, 1966, and the finished
constitution was handed over the
military leaders last Friday.
Today was declared a national
holiday. All Vietnamese ambassa-'
dors were brought back to Saigon
for the festivities and 7,000 sol-
diers, students and civil servants
were ordered to show up for the
ceremony on the grounds of Doc

passenger impact protection stan-
dard. American Motors also chal-
lenged' two others.
The key target of the industry
is the standard setting specifica-
tions for equipment in the area of
a passenger's head, knees and legs.
The standard is aimed at re-
ducing the chances of a passenger
being injured in an accident.
General Motors and Ford said
they could not meet the standard.
"If the standard is not revised,
Ford will be unable to produce.
automobiles for sale in the United
States after Dec. 31, 1967-when
the standard takes effect," Ford
Chrysler, which was the first to
file in yesterday's flurry of suits,
said it would "suffer irrevocable
harm" if forced to attempt to
comply with the standard on 1968
'AMC, the second to go to court,
attacked two other standards-
one requiring changes in door
latches and hinges to keep doors
from popping open in collisions,
the other requiring that cars be
built so the steering column can
jam backwards no more than
three inches even if the car is hit
The legal moves came one day
after the National Traffic Safety
Agency in Washington virtually
rejected all appeals by auto com-
panies to change or eliminate
some of the 20 standards, handed
down for the first time under re-
cent federal legislation.
Chrysler said the court appeal
was taken in accordance with the
provisions of the new federal
highway safety law, which says
automakers can appeal to federal
courts the standards they think
are too tough.

World News Roundup

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-In a low-key
ceremony, President Johnson yes-
terday signed the ratification of
a consular treaty with the Soviet
Union-the first bilateral pact
ever entered into by the United
States and Communist Russia.
'To become effective, the treaty
now must be approved by the So-
viet presidium, the Moscow ver-
sion of a parliament. Such ratifi-
cation ordinarily is a formality
and U.S. officials anticipate it will
be carried out fairly soon.
The treaty-formally called a
convention--sets up procedures for
establishing consulates in each
country and a few may be opened
although there are no immediate
plans for any.
Proponents of the treaty said its
most important section is a pro-
vision for prompt notification on
the arrest of Americans in Russia

and vice versa. This notification would enter a plea of innocent at
is to be followed by access to the the arraignment.
prisoners within four days. Cur-
rently, under Russian law, an WASHINGTON-A federal dis-
American could be held for up to trict court has no authority to de-
nine months without notification cide whether the House of Rep-
or access. resentatives had a right to exclude
* * Adam Clayton Powell, a lawyer
NEW, ORLEANS-Clay L. Shaw, for the Housensaid Friday.
central figure in Dist. Atty. Jiru The Constitution "empowers
Garrison's assassination probe, each house of Congress to deter-
will be arraigned Wednesday on a mine, under standards and rules
charge he conspired to murder within its discretion, whether any
President John F. Kennedy. particular person shall be allowed
The arraignment date was to enter or remain as a member
agreed on yesterday by Garrispn's of that House," said the lawyer,
office and Shaw's lawyers. Bruce Bromley.
The district attorney has alleged In a brief filed with U.S. Dis-
that Shaw, 54, conspired with Lee trict Court of Washington, D.C.,
Harvey Oswald and David W. Fer- Bromley said the court clearly
rie in mid-September 1963 to kill has no jurisdiction in the case
President Kennedy. "for reasons which are basic to
Irvin Dymond, one of Shaw's the separation of powers within
defense attorneys, said his client our federal government."

Alfred Hitchcock's
With Joseph Cotten,
Teresa Wright,
MacDonald Carey.
Script by
Thorton Wilder.

THE 1966
AWARDS: Shown outside the Fes-
tival of Cannes (approved as the
official French entry to the Cannes
Festival last May, it was with-
drawn under pressure from the
Franco regime). At the end of the
Cannes Festival, a group of Span-
ish film critics awarded LGEF its
newly-inaugurated Prix Luis Bu-
nuel. It also received the Interna-
tional Film Critics' Prize (Federa-
tion Internationale de ta Presse
Cinematographic) at Cannes, the
"French .*Oscars" of the "French'
Academy (L'Academie du Cine-
ma) were awarded to Resnais for
"the best film of the year" and
to Yves Montand for "the best
Shown at the non-competitive 4th
New York Filn Festival, 1966.




A must for all
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