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February 21, 1967 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-02-21

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Se et y-Sixth Year

re Opinions Are Free. 420 MAYNARD ST., AN4N ARBOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail

NEwS PHONE: 764-0552

editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



Regents Need Academic Freedom

ACADEMIC FREEDOM was at issue once
again Friday in the discussion of
"Flaming Creatures" in the Regents' reg-
ular monthly meeting. But in this in-
stance, it was the Regents' academic free-
dom which was suppressed, not that of a
group of innovators in the arts.
Despite the comments of each of the
six Regents who attended, the discussion
was terse, inhibited and perhaps unsat-
isfying to the Regents, although they ap-
peared extremely interested in discussing
the case and its issues.
As members of the University com-
munity-they really are members of the
University community - the Regents
should be able to initiate and participate
in free unstructured debate on significant
issues both among themselves and with
students, faculty and administrators.
IT IS LIKELY that the Regents have un-
dertaken consultation on "Flaming
Creatures" and similar issues in private
sessions, but clandestine briefings may
not amply reflect existing facts and ideas.
One Regent, in fact, had been misin-
formed that they were being involved in.
a legal suit. Clearly, the information flow
could have been better.
If closed consultation is inadequate,
the monthly public Regents' meetings are
worse. The Regents cannot freely discuss
important issues, because:
-The formality of the meetings makes
It necessary for every participant to weigh
every statement.
-The responsibility of the Regental
role usually calls for concrete action and
not discussion, therefore, it is difficult
for Regents to merely discuss campus af-
fairs when action is not in order.
-The Regents' concern for the Uni-
versity's image gives priority to major off-
campus interests when reviewing aca-
demic problems. It would be in the Uni-

versity's interest for the Regents to con-
sider campus interests solely on their own
IRONICALLY, the Regents rule a school
which had a major role in developing
the teach-in, a device for improving com-
munications in the academic community.
Although the University community has
seriously worked to insure discussion of
major issues through the teach-in and
similar devices, the Regents do not ap-
pear to take advantage of them. Be-
cause the Regents have the opportunity
but do not use it, they lose academic
freedom by default.
Such discussion would be appropriate
to the Regents' job. It would not jeop-
ardize their decision-making role, nor
weaken the hierarchy of management
which the University's administration
system has established. It would not
change the types of issues the Regents
confront, nor deprive them of their au-
THE REGENTS' private discussion with
students on presidential selection is a
first step to the spirit of the teach-in,
but its formality and secrecy inhibits it
from fully embracing that spirit.
The dialogue with students is neces-
sary in the. presidential selection, since
it is the most significant problem facing
the Regents.,
In less significant problems - some of
which are certainly more controversial
than presidential selection - academic
freedom should justify voluntary open
discussion. The Regents should unhesi-
tatingly join with the other members of
the University community in live, spon-
taneous, academic discussions of the prob-
lems which concern us all.

PERSPECTIVES The Dual -'U' Presidenc
IF A MAN has a position at the does nt encourage personal con- had to spend a long, crucial ses- bearers usually demand to see the AND THUS, the basic malady
head of an educational insti- tact. sion with a few state legislators President. remains. A school too big to be
tution and if one works on the who apparently were planning a personal seems too dependent on
assumption that education does, in THERE ARE TWO possible ex- witch-hunt of sorts in conjunc- SO THAT'S how Hatcher spends public funds to spare its President
fact, involve students, then it fol- planations for that. First, the Pre- tion with the Cinema Guild af- his time. He has a tightroue to for those on campus. And by na-
lows that the leader of the insti- sident may not care. Bob Forman, fair. He somehow managed to talk walk just like Clark Kerr had. ture of its ruling powers it remains
tution should offer those students writing in the administrative house them out of it. He apparently had But when you ask "where is our too old and unimaginative to let
some sort of leadership, excite- organ "The Michigan Alumnus," to talk some of the Regents out of president?" and someone answers the control of campus affairs set-
ment, direction, something. recently did an 800-word analysis it as well. "you don't understand the pres- tle with those actually involved.
This Harlan Hatcher has not of the University presidency. The This week he has been flooded sures he's under," you are still left
done. As head of this University word "faculty" appeared once, the with angry letters and phone calls without a President. IN LIGHT OF all that, the
he is rarely met by students. The word "student" twice-both times about a drinking marathon that An attempt to solve the problem structure of the University presi-
teas are stilted and generally is- 'student" was followed by some most people on campus hardly was made with the establishment
sues of import are met with more derivative of activist." Without a knew about, and that fewer cared of the Vice-President for Academ- dency is unworkable. The forces
embarrassment than interest. His power-base, without the inherent about. He is under constant pres- ic Affairs and the Vice-President that define the job demand a me-
opening address to incoming prestige of important research sure to 'do something" about The for Student Affairs. The attempt diator, not an educator.
freshmen is generally unexciting, and big buildings, the student is Daily and its highly unpopular has failed. That is no longer acceptable.
He has given students little in- last on the list of administrative stands. He is under constant and All the two offices have done is The functions must be separated.
sight to the University, and lends priorities, and rarely appears in very strong pressure from a Re- move the administration own one If students and faculty want and
little excitement to it for them. He the appointment book unless the publican candidate for President level; each vice-president has need leadership and community
has made his best speeches-and other priorities are threatened. to keep things like anti-Vietnam functioned in a manner exactly at a university of this size, they
there have been some very good But there is another aspect to protests down. analagous to the president. If they are going to have to be in a posi-
ones-out of town. the psychology of the President Those are all real pressures have served students and faculty tion to provide it 'themselves, and
He is inaccessible to the indi- than not caring, or not having to that must be dealt with in the interests, it has been behind the let someone else take care of the
vidual student, teaches no classes, care. Last week President Hatcher name of the University. Their scenes, within the corporation. corporation.
Letters: Residential College Out-dated
To the Editors: to the public system of the United of University responsibility. What alone. His thinking duplicates that two related questions must be ask-
MR. KILLINGSWORTH, in his States but the other 90 per cent of are Michigan's obligations to con- of a polled majority of the Liter- ed.
plea last week to salvage the students attending college in duct itself as-an institution of ature, Science, and Arts faculty The first question is what kind
the Residential College, took great England receive markedly inferior learning in comparison with its and Snce an rts faulty of control does the State Depart-
pains in his editorial to appeal to educations by U.S. standards. In obligations to help the govern- and once again reveals that in nt d the a er
"the University community - order for the Residential College ment decide who will be drafted? this University the burden of sig- granting permission to foreign stu-
which knows the value of its new to really emulate the Oxbridge nificant protest must be assumed dents to come and study in the
idea." I wish to take exception and system it would have to be one of PROFESSOR KELLY. when he by the students themselves. United States? Do foreign stu-
call into question both its "new- several elite college units which cannot avoid this question with a dents feel compelled to be silent
ness" and its "value." together make up an elite uni- barrage of tangential facts thft -Nicolaus C. Mills about their political views so that
First of all, there are many versity. show Selective Service has practi- Assistant Professor they can obtain a visa from the
members of the "University com- cal access to student records, ans- of English State Department? Are many for-
munity" who disagree with Mr. OUTSIDE OF SIZE, there really wers it with parallelsthat obscure eign students with left-wing poli-
Killingsworth. LS&A professors is little grounds to compare the the difference between academic tical affiliations refused permis-
do not like the idea of splitting Residential College to the Oxbridge integrity and social accommoda- CIA sion to study in the United States?
their time between the Diag and system. Reportedly, Michigan State tion. To the Editor: If so, doesn't this corrupt the Uni-
the Residental College and they has residential colleges already In this painstaking confusion AMID THE FUROR over the po- versity's commitment to promote
certainly do not want to be con- and I understand they are deplor- Professor Kelly is not, however, litical activities of the CIA, free and unfettered debate?
fined solely to the Residential Col- able.
lege. Killingsworth's belief in "inher- STUDENTS AT THE University
ent drawbacks of size" is, I be- should ask this. Does the State De-
COUNCILMEN including Prof. lieve, a tacit admission of failure The Student Prince partment screen foreignstudents
Weeks, townspeople, and profes- to meet the new challenges and who come to the University, and
sional planners have all been opportunities of today's large does the University administration
adamantly against its proposed mass-university. In favoring a play along?
location in valuable recreation time-tested solution which is not There is a second question. The
land. applicable today, the advocates of s _ CIA, the Defense Department, and
Education researchers in both the Residential College turn their 'the State Department have a con-
University institutes question its backs on an environment of isola- tinuing need to acquire employees
compatability with the present tion by choice for one of isolation with foreign language skills and
"core" system. Students do not by design experience in foreign countries.
look forward to four years of isola- -Martin Zimmerman
tion when such freedom and choice Grad, '68 A&D : THE ODDS ARE overwhelming
is available within the present sys-
tem. As far as I know, only the - that ex-Peace Corps volunteers are
the Daily staff and a few people Kelly not being approached by the CIA,
in LS&A have wholeheartedly sup- To the Editor: j-*! ' or the Defense Department, to put
ported the idea. IT WAS TO BE hoped that Pro- t their knowledge of foreign socie-
Killingsworth eroneously reasons fessor E. Lowell Kelly's articles ties to work for the purposes of
that because the Residential Col- on the draft (Feb. 15, 16, 17) gram
lege is small, it "recaptures" the would clarify the problem of rank- >, /the CIA.
essence of the Oxford system in ing, but they have distoted the \d As soon as a few Peace Corps
England. He overlooks the vast question. Professor Kelly argues returnees go to work for the CIA
differences in educational systems that because the University gives or the Defense Department, the
which operate independently of grades and has on occasion com-
total (400-1200 students) size of puted grade point average, it is ingritywof te Peey Crsro-
specific college units. perfectly consistent for it to rank gram will be ompletely destroyed.
male students in compliance with It may already have happened,
OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE the Selective Service System. No- and exposure may be only a mat-
are institutions in the medieval thing could be further from the ter of time.
sense and continue to cater to a truth. Grading and the kind of I
priveleged elite despite their clas- ranking which Michigan has done -Steven H. Johnson
sification as public universities. in the past serve a University pur-
exhorbitant endowments. Conse- with the Selective Service System LETTERS
quently, there is a tutor for every is a totally different procedure, ;-All letters must be typed,
four students who personally grad- and to argue that they are equiva- double-spaced and should be no
es four papers a week. In addition lent functions is moral blindness. dole-pcand- od be no
lecture classes are offered by the That ranking reflects grades longer than 300 words. All let-
most noted scholars. and and that grades may reflectothsesect oditing;
. those over 300 words will gen-
The Oxbridge system gives its a student's academic worth is not ^ erally be shortened.
students an education far superior an issue. The issue is the nature
. .:.. .:.. ..........:.:. . . .. . :. . .. . . . ..*... . ..*..*. . O.::fan:.:NJn g:.FyO),:saa.:m:.:<s f!Oitt .. :. ..H.. : :w.w . . ^«,....., .".Y "O ':H .. :('..F.....
IndiaCowrs Party: -Frac tured Aliliance

. .. _/





CIA Investigating Itself

den surge of open-mindedness by call-
Ing for an investigation of the question-
able activities of the Central Intelligence
Agency must be taken with a grain of
To head the tripartite investigation he
appointed Nicholas deB. Katzenbach, as-
sistant secretary of state, and John Gard-
ner, secretary of health, education and
welfare. The third appointee was none
other than Richard Helms, head of the
examine the needs of our society for,
such an organization; the extent to
which the activities of the organization
can go unchecked by public review, and
the degree to which the agency may inter-
fere with private citizens and domestic
As head of the nation's largest intelli-
gence agency, Mr. Helms obviously has
first-class credentials for investigatory
work. However, the type of credentials he
holds do not qualify him for a critica'l
analysis of the organization that is need-
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service.
Subscription rate: $4.50 semester by carrier ($5 by
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Average press run-10,400.
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420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48104.

ed-especially when that investigation
holds as its object his own agency. What is
needed is someone who can recommend
alterations in the present system, and
not recommendations of how the orga-
nization can better conceal its secret con-
nections in the future.
MR. HELMS undoubtedly can do an ade-
quate job for the latter type of in-
vestigation, but he cannot be expected
to criticize his own organization, and sub-
sequently undermine his own position.
If the president were interested in an
open-minded investigation of the CIA's
and overall governmental activities in
domestic organizations, he should appoint
a group divorced from government, or
at least from the present administration.
This will be the only way to achieve an
objective examination of the current cris-
No Co-mment
on Film Guild Case."
-Front page
The Michigan Daily
February 18, 1967
-Front page, second section
The Ann Arbor News
February 18, 1967



This is the first in a two-part
series on the current crisis in
India by Ronald Ban.
1fHE BIG QUESTION in India's
current national election is
whether the Congress party, which
has ruled India continuously for
the 19 years of India's "one par-
ty democracy," will prove strong
enough and united enough to avoid
a disaster at the polls. Closely
tied to this is the political future
of India's present prime minister,
Mrs. Indira Ghandi.
The major source of the Con-
gress party's problems is faction-
alism among the top inner cir-
cle which has been magnified at
the state level. Indeed, the collec-

tive leadership which ruled the
party after Nehru's death is dis-
As journalist Krishan Bhatia
acutely points out in a Hindustan
Times editorial, "Deprived of Neh-
ru and his charisma the Congress
party leaders should have pooled
their obviously limited resources,
but curiously it is owing to the
absence of a leader like Nehru
that they are pulling in separate
The late prime minister, Lal
Bahadur Shastri, who had been
a compromise pick, was gaining
popularity because of two factors:
the rise of nationalism following
the agreement of Tashkent (which
ended the Indo-Pakistani border
conflict in 1966); and his own po-
litical sagacity.
death, the fight for succession be-
tween Mrs. Ghandi and Moraji
Desai, the leade'r of the Congress
right wing, opened a wound that
still cleaves the party.
The factionalism in the party
hirearchy is now seen as a tripar-
tite struggle. Besides Mrs. Ghandi
and Desai, party chairman Kumar-
aswami Kamaraj, the man credit-
ed with insuring Mrs. Ghandi's
election, is the third factor in
the current divisiveness.
There are conflicting ideas as
to why Kamaraj is disenchanted
with the prime minister. Sundar
Rajan of the Times of India and
.T Anthony Tka of the New York

This was shown most conspicu-
ously in Mrs./ Ghandi's decision
to devalue the rupee by. 36.5 per
cent last June at the urging of
the U.S. and the International
Bank of Reconstruction and De-
velopment. Not only the 'left of
her party but also centrist depu-
ties charged her with "capitula-
tion to the West," and selling out
Nehru-type democrat socialism at
the behest of American imperial-
IN THE MIDST of the current
furor, it is ironic to note that
most of the difficulties could have
been avoided if Mrs. Ghandi had
taken Kamaraj's advice and held
elections shortly after Shastri's
death when national feeling was
very strong for Congress. She
failed to do so and is faced with
replacement if her party is seri-
ously embarrassed in this week's
elections. As reporter Bhatia notes,
there have been compromises and
arrangements but not real agree-
ments because individuals have put
their own future above the par-
Even Mrs. Ghandi has been guil-
ty; her latest parliamentary shake-
up elevating Y. B. Chavan to
home minister and keeping some
less-than-efficient ministers in the
cabinet can only be viewed as
politically motivated. Significant-
ly, she has also done much to mend
her political fences with ruling
clique members S. K. Patil the
boss of Bombay, and Bengal party

be reduced. A major factor work-
ing for Mrs. Ghandi is the tra-
ditional inability of the other par-
ties to present anythink resem-
bling a united opposition. In fact
each of the opposition parties is
very fragmented. The Communist
party of India (CPI) is split be-
tween right, left and six minor
Marxist parties.
On the right, the two principal
parties are the Hindu Nationalists
Jan Sangh and the Freedom par-



...- _
- .. -

Lal Badahur Shastri
osophies since its inception. It is
the monolithic national party
formed by Ghandi and Nehru to
bring India under self - rule.
Though the party talks a great
deal about ideology, it certainly
does not have a coherent one. The
fact that N. B. Roy and Krishna


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