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February 12, 1967 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-02-12

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Editorial Page Dreaming -- Why Not?

I

Agree To
Universal
Disarming
All Major Powers
Sign' Unique Treaty;
Red China Included
UNITED NATIONS - In a sur-
prise action yesterday, the United
Nations Security Council, includ-
ing newly admitted Mainland
China, signed a universal disarm-
ament treaty and provided for a
15-nation council to oversee Its
provisions.
The General Assembly is expect-
ed to approve the treaty on Mon-
day and grant Red China general
admittance.
The key provision of the treaty
provides for dumping all present
nuclear weapons in the Pacific
Ocean at a point approximately
500 miles off the shore of Japan.
All Polaris submarines will be
outfitted with scientific apparatus
for explorations under the polar
ice-caps.
World leaders hailed the treaty
as a "victory for humanity." UN
Secretary U Thant told the Gen-
eral Assembly that "in view of
the growing danger of nuclear war,
the nations' leaders have made
painful concessions." He remind-
ed the members that "these con-
cessions are not merely to your
former enemies, but to the cause
of a peaceful world community."
Chairman Mao Ts-tung hailed
the settlement as a "victory for
the r e v o I u t i o n a r y proletariat
around the world." He added that
the- treaty "instills hope in the
oppressed masses around the world
and indicates clearly that neither
the military power of the capital-
ists, nor the indifference of re-
visionists can set back their strug-
gle."
In further action yesterday, the
General Assembly outlined plans
for a Space Cooperation Treaty
and an International Development
Treaty. The space treaty will pro-
vide for joint research on the part
of the United States and Russia
for a joint-nation flight to the
moon by 1970 to be followed by
construction of a lunar space sta-
tion.
The International Development
Treaty will set up a worldwide
fund to be handled by a directorate
of neutral nations and to be used
to spur economic development in
Asian, African and Latin Ameri-
can countries.
Arthur Goldberg, United States
ambassador to the United Nations,
termed the development treaty
"the monumental event of the dec-
ade, not simply as a means to
end poverty, but as an example to
all men for all time, and a sign
of hope for humanity."
In a related development, Israel
and Egypt have drawn up blue-
prints for METO, the Middle-East
Treaty Organization. METO will
provide for a multi-lateral peace
force to prevent border aggression
in the Middle-East.

U.S., North
To Withdraw
All Troops

PICTURED ABOVE ARE Pope Paul VI with President Johnson, Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev, North Vietnamese Premier Ho Chi Minh, Chinese communist party chairman Mao Tse-Tung,
and United Nations Secretary-General U Thant. They were involved in international agreements yesterday that shocked the world and brought hope of a everlasting peace to a world beleagured by conflict.

NEWS WIRE

U.S. Will Devote All Its Military Budget
To New Foreign, Domestic A id Projects

SACRAMENTO-Governor Ronald Reagan of California to-
day announced he was resigning his post as chief executive of the
nation's largest state "because I had no business running in the
first place." In a surprise midnight press conference, Reagan told
newsmen "I really don't know anything about managing a govern-
ment and it seems awfully presumptuous for me to assume re-
sponsibility for the lives of so many people under those circum-
stances."
In a rare show of subjectivity, the thirty reporters at the
conference gave Reagan a thirty-minute standing ovation. Many
of them were cheering wildly.
New elections will be held next month,
* * * *
WASHINGTON-Highly-placed sources indicated yesterday
that the U.S. House of Representatives will undertake an in-
vestigation of approximately 500 congressmen as to their moral
fiber.
Said one Southern representative. "As long as we are trying
for a clean slate by examining Powell, we might as well do away
with a lot of other dead weight, like those tenured committee
chairmen. After all we wouldn't want people to think our concern
for ethics applies only to one man."
WASHINGTON-John E. Hoover, chief of the Federal Bureau
of Investigation, chief for some four decades, announced yester-
day that he was resigning and that the FBI staff would be cut
in half over the next three years. "I would like to apologize to the
citizens of America," said Hoover at his office late yesterday
afternoon, "for creating in their minds some of the most fan-
tastic Red-scare schemes I have ever heard of.
"I apologize for the loss of sanity and immense unnecessary
expense I have incurred on the country. I would also like to square
myself. Actually, I had to do it because of an election bet I lost
in 1912."
* * * *
SALISBURY-Rhodesian Premier Ian Smith announced yes-
terday that non-whites in his country would be given full rights in
all social and political affairs. Smith revealed that he never really
believed in apartheid: "I hate racism," he said. "The only reason
I enacted these policies was to see just where the United States
and Britain would draw the line between economic interests and
dedication to ending unfair social practices. I guess now we
know."

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WASHINGTON - President ly expanded. Johnson said at his
Johnson announced today that press conference: "We do expect
with the halt of the Vietnam war the number of applicants to in-
and the drastic cutback in military crease significantly over these
spending, all funds previously next few months, and I am rec-
ms ar ommending to Congress that funds
committed to the defense and fwa tbrigiiaty xaddt
program will be funnelled into for- for it be significantly expanded to
eign and domestic welfare and handle the influx."
redevelopment programs. Johnson announced concurrent-
SaireJh "Wen pr liaowmly that all domestic programs
Said Jhnson "We alizeh o~ xwould be radically expanded-the
that the military approach to budget will be somewhere around
world problems is no longer an $40 billion. Said Johnson: "No
answer at all, and that if, in fact, more of these OEO and demon-
the only way to achieve world sta- stration cities programs-the new,
bility and peace is toderevethose projects will be designed by the
nations nho areunde lopedpoor and for the poor. They will
what they want. involve community development
"The war in Vietnam would efforts organized and approved by
never have occurred had the people the people actually effected.
of South Vietnam been satisfied "For example," the President
with their lot-a 'pacification' pro- continued, "most of the current
gram shoulduoccur before, not war on poverty funding goes to the
after, a revolutionary war breaks middle class teachers and welfare
out. If we don't start allowing workers-not to the poor them-
these countries to develope prop- selves. What we need to do is to
erly we are going to be fighting fund these people with the needed
wars of this sort in every third capital to build up their own busi-
world nation in the world. nesses and to have at their dis-
Johnson followed these remarks postal the resources they need to
by announcing that the foreign aid start building decent lives for
program would be increased to $30 themselves.
billion for this next year. None "Concurrently, of course, we will
of the aid will be of a military be improving the slump schools;
nature. but this is what we should have
There is some speculation that I been doing all along. The new

SARGENT SHRIVER

munity leaders on the lowest pos-
sible level, and will be used to
guarantee a decent income for
those who need a base from which
to get a start on their own."
The President went on to anal-
yze what he termed was a "basic
problem" with aid programs: "In
the demonstration cities and other
aid programs, we worked on the
supposition that money 'filtered'

through local power structure al-
ready in operation was being ef-
fectively used. This, unfortunate-
ly, has not been what in practice
has occurred; the money has
styed with the power structure,
and projects that have been ef-
fected have been carried on with-
out consulting those involved. As a
result even the money that has
gone to tangible structures has
been selectively applied to serve
the interests that don't really need
it.
"Thus, though we fully intend
to carry on with these programs,
the brunt of our efforts will be
aimed at creating community
structures that truly represent
community needs. This will be
far from easy to do."
Johnson announced that the!
Pentagon building would be taken
over by the Office of Housing and
Urban Development next week.
Johnson's policy pronouncements
were met with general astonish-
ment.
As one four-star general put it,
"What can you say when yoi're
I out of a job? My wife is going to
be real upset."
Also upset were the presidents
and stockholders of several major
defense c o nt r a c t corporation.
Prices of these companies' stock!
plummetted with the President'sl
announcement. Trading was sus-
pended one hour after the addres
to the nation.
On the subject of higher edu-
cation, Johnson promised to make
every effort possible toward free
higher education. "A college de-,
gree is essential these days to a
sucessful career. That opportunity
for success shouldn't depend on
one's economic background."
He also implied that a guaran-
teed income law would soon be
sent to Congress. The bill would
assure each citizen of an annual
income of $4,000.

Negotiations Will
Start 1i11111mediately;
Include Viet Cong
WASHINGTON - The war in
Vietnam is over.
The United States, North Viet-
nam, South Vietnam and the Na-
tional Liberation Front declared
an end to hostilities yesterday,
when the United States agreed to
a place for the Viet Cong at the
negotiating table and in the South
Vietnamese government following
the negotiations.
President Lyndon Johnson an-
nounced the cessation of hostili-
ties to the American people in a
Inational television address at 6
p.m. last night. Simultaneously,
Ho Chi Minh, Marshall Ky, and
official radio of the NLF made
similar announcements.
President Johnson called the
settlement "a just and honorable
one. Our persistent eforts have
finally been rewarded with the
opportunity for the South Viet-
namese people to decide their own
fate," he said.
President Johnson implied that
the United Nations and the Vati-
can had laid the groundwork for
the settlement when he praised
the efforts of U Thant and Pope
Paul VI in his address. He made
no mention of any other organiza-
tions or leaders.
At the same time, the President
made it clear that U.S. troops
would begin a "scheduled with-
drawal from the South, regardless
of the negotiations" outcome.
The settlement reportedly was
concluded in a series of secret
negotiations this week in Warsaw.
A highly-placed State Department
source reported that the talks
began two weeks ago, and were
prompted by a series of statements
in official Hanoi press, Hsin Hsu.
It was not clear whether the
message received by Senator Rob-
ert Kennedy CD-NY) last week in
Paris had anything to do with the
Warsaw talks.
Highly-placed sources attribut-
ed the long run basis for the set-
tlement to a number of factors:
0 The United States decision to
end bombing of the North, after
finding the effects minimal, and
not worth the cost.
r The increased anti-admir .-
tration feeling at home, amtrg
both hawks and doves on the op-
eration of the war. This hostility
comes only two years before Presi-
dent Johnson will seek his second
full term in the White House.
0 Hanoi's concession that the
post-negotiation government of
South Vietnam need not function
according to the program of the
NLF as long as the NLF
' would be represented and allowed
to run candidates in future elec-
tions.
These, concessions, coupled with

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the peace corps will be significant- funds will

go directly to com-

Hatcher Sets New Era' at 'U':

CEO i4tgalt i:atg
Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUD[NT PUBLICATIONS
Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH. NEws PHONE: 764-0552
Truth Witu Prevail
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

A
ANN ARBOR-University Presi-
dent Harlan H. Hatcher, in a
surprise speech delivered last night
to the Regents, Faculty Senate,
and Student Government Council,
announced that he would embark
on a "new era" of University ad-
ministration throughout the rest'
of this year.
Hatcher, who will retire at the
end of this year after 16 years as
President, outlined the following
basic changes which he plans in
the University's structure:
* A tripartite senate of stu-
dents, faculty and administrators'
will be established to make all ma-
jor decisions which concern the
University community as a whole.
These decisions will include build-
ing and finance priorities, tuition
hikes and dorm fee alterations,
questions of legal action involving
the community as a whole, how
much and what types of expansion!
will be undertaken by the Univer-
sity in the future and other ques-
tions of clear-cut community
concern.
f The Office of Student Affairs
will be put in the hands of an
elected student government with
proportional graduate-undergrad-
,,tp. rp,pnts

sStructur]

Revisions
Another SGC member added,
"With this kind of change comes
a real sense of community spirit
and feeling. Though some antag-
onism will surely remain, we can
now communicate on equal basis
with the other members of the
community."
At least one faculty member i
was not happy with the policy
change, however. When asked to
comment on Hatcher's speech, he
said, "I don't understand this at
all. Students are transient and
don't share the same interests as,
faculty and administrators. There-I
fore they should not be given a
voice in what goes on."
A 24-year-old graduate student
added: "Students are too young;
and do not know enough to par-
ticipate in University affairs.
They should leave the decisions of
the University to their elders ."

On the subject of Civil Rights, increasing dissatisfaction in the
Johnson said very little; but a South toward the Ky administra-
highly informed source said the tion were said to account for the
chief executive was planning to cessation of hostilities.

h

make a Presidential Proclamation
on Housing soon, which woul'd
guarantee open housing for every
citizen.
Comments on the new program
ranged from "it grooves, baby'
(Adam Clayton Powell), to "you
know, it's really not such a bad
idea." (Barry Goldwater)

SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1967

NIGHT EDITOR: ROGER RAPOPORT

MJAR~T AN N_11 ATCTE'

The United Nations will send in
a peace keeping force as requested
by both the North and the South,
and will remain after the negotia-
tions to supervise the elections.
There was said to be consider-
able dissent within both the Hanoi
and the Johnson administration
toward the settlement's terms.
The settlement comes a full 13
years after the original United
States aid to Premier Ngo Dinh
Diem after the Geneva Accords in
1954.
From 1954 to the installment of
15,000 advisor troops in Vietnam
under the Kennedy administra-
tion, the U.S. role was termed
economic.
After the Kennedy move in 1963,

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Better Luck Next Year

and the newly appointed Presi- One professor of history com-
an te ewy ppinedPrsi mrented, oevr«I amgldt
dential Commission he had come sent, however:ai h glad to
to the conclusion that the policiesee the amin aton hafnaly
Ihe outlined were feasible, and admitted its fallibility and is now
commensurate with the broad aca- willing to open the decisions which
demic and social goals of the affect so many to more than just
a few.
University.Iaw wed.s
The President's speech received "I think we will find over these
in rn fin.- u s,,A l ,next few years that decisions are

i

THIS IS AN EDITORIAL page not a news
page, and reflects only the views of the
three undersigned.

convince people that a certain course of
action is best and then to goad them into
following that course. We have had al-

I m'~U. ~

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