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April 05, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-04-05

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', APRIL 5, 2966




SAIGON (A')- When 10,000
people demonstrate in Da Nang, it
is the equivalent of two million
demonstrators marching down
Fifth Avenue in New York.
In the demonstrations springing
up around the country against
Premier Nguyen Cao Ky's military
government, much less than one
per cent of the population has
been directly involved.
Most of South Viet Nam's popu-
lation lives indifferent to politics.
Nevertheless, the tiny percent-
age of South Vietnamese involved
in the demonstrations is mislead-
Greater Power
The demonstrators have power
far greater than their numbers
would suggest.





Demonstra tions

A hard core of experienced poli-
ticians and religious figures are
behind the agitation. They helped
to overthrow Piesident Ngo Dinh
Diem, Gen. Nugyen Khanh and
the other premiers.
In one of the high positions on
"the Council of Youth and Stu-
dents to Safeguard the Nation"
is the secretary of an extremist
monk named Thich Thien Minh.
'Moderate' Wing
Based in Saigon, Minh works1
out of the Buddhist Institute, be-
lieved up to now to have been a
"moderate" wing of the Buddhist
hierarchy. But students from the
institute have been in Saigon
demonstrations recently.
Thich Tam Chau, the leading
monk at the institute, worked ac-

tively to overthrow Diem. Joining'
him in that struggle was Thich Tri
Quang, a monk who is stage-
managing the demonstrations cur-
rently in Hue and Da Nang.
Together, Tam Chau and Tri
Quang represent all organized
Buddhism in Viet Nam.
Key Pagodas
The Buddhists have several key
pagodas in Saigon anid other large
cities where hundreds of the faith-
ful will gather at a moment's
notice. And there are the numer-'
ous Buddhist schools and colleges
filled with students eager to obey
the wishes of the monks.
With these sources to draw
from, the Buddhists are finding no
difficulty in pulling crowds far

larger than in the Buddhist dem-
onstrations against Diem.
A Buddhist Institute meeting
early Saturday drew from 7,000
to 10,000 people.
Handful Only
Only a handful of these people
participated in the demonstration
later in the evening. There is no
doubt that if the monks had pub-
licly asked them to take to the
streets, they would have done so.
The anti-American aspect of the
demonstrations seems to be more
a convenient political rallying call
than a deep-felt emotion, even
though every Vietnamese has suf-
fered real or imagined difficulties
since U.S. troops arrived in large

Taxis are harder to get, prices
are higher. The American troops
appear richer. Ky's hurried visit
to Honolulu to meet with Presi-
dent Johnson is a subject of ridi-
cule at the demonstrations. Ky
is called a lackey of the United
States and much worse.
Slogan Danger
The danger o fthe anti-Ameri-
can slogans painted on banners by
demonstrators is that the war-
weary Vietnamese may eventually
start believing them.
If that happens, then the over-
throw of Ky, and the establish-
ment of a civiliar government
may not be enough.
They may start agitating for the
removal of U.S. personnel.

The U.S. mission is watching the
situation closely. As a result of the
demonstrations, there have been
two developments:
-Tome Corcoran, first secre-
tary of the U.S. Embassy in Sai-
gon, was sent to Da Nang three
days ago as senior officer in
charge of the area.
-Since the demonstrations be-
gan three weeks ago, the city of
Da Nang has been off limits to
the 35,000 American servicemen
in the immediate area. The U.S.
consul has asked American to
avoid crowds of any kind and on
days of increased civil disturbances
to try to remain away from areas
of possible trouble.

There is no hard evidence yet
that the Communists are behind
the demonstrations. but there are
reports of documents instructing
them to infiltrate the committee
and get their own slogans and
banners involved in an anti-
American drive to push out U.S.
One word from Buddhist lead-
ers, mainly the militant Thich Tri
Quang and his group, probably
could halt the demonstrations. The
Buddhists do not have tight dis-
ciplinary control, but they are the
motivating force.
Demonstrations are likely to
continue for some time unless one
of two things occur, in the opinion
of highly informed sources.

One would be an accommoda-
tion by the Saigon military gov-
ernment to the Buddhists on their
so-called four-point program.
Second. the Buddhists might be
able to sort out their own feelings
and decide they can accept the
speedup of the election of a Na-
tional Assembly and a civilian
These are the key demands of
the Buddhists. The only real issue,
it is said, is the timing.
The current situation, which be-
gan March 10 with the ouster of
Lt. Gen. Nguyen Chanh Thi, com-
mander of the 1st Army Corps,
now is considered virtually un-
predictable in the eyes of most

.S To Add
170 000
New Troops
Military Planners
Believe Reserves
Will Not Be Called
By The Associated Press
SAIGON - A well - informed
source said yesterday North Viet-
namese troops are streaming into
northern South Viet Nam in num-
bers approaching an invasion.
Meanwhile, Defense Dewartment'
planners in Washington have re-
vealed that the U.S. plans to put
about 170,000 more troops into Viet
Nam to match an expected Com-
munist buildup.
Military planners believe the
troop increase can be accomplish-
ed without calling up the reserves
or going beyond current budget
allocations for the war effort. THIS IE
The Saigon source said the ing of t
Communists had vastly increased around
the flow of men and material to equipm
the South in the past two months regulati
in an effort to move in troops and moon's
supplies before the start of the after L
monsoon season in May or June. United
There are indications that the
North Vietnamese troops may
mount a substantial offensive as'
they continue to pour troops into
the South to the limit of their
ability. T1
There is no sign yet of any se-
vere manpower drain on resourc-
. es in North Viet Nam, the official
said. MOSCO
The capability of North Viet- ion confir
namese infiltration has been set the first.
at 4500 men per month but offi- the moon
cials believe this figure has now a circuit e
been exceeded. it "opens
The new North Vietnamese mili- exploratio
tary effort is centered in 'the First The So
Corps area including the cities of said Luna
Hue and Da Nang, where central tight cor
government authority has all but equipment
collapsed. equipment
The planned buildup of Ameri- the moon
can military forces to a total of tem of he
400,000 by the end of this year is er supply
predicated on at least four major to stabiliz
Foremost among them is the The go'
continued ability of South Viet said Lun
Nam to provide an effective com- informatic
bat force, maintain internal sta- the moon
bility and press on with the pac- as saying
ification program. vide data
he dimnsons of administra- 'heat in
tive plans for Viet Nam have been Luna 1
made clear in the last four weeks da s
by Secretary of Defense Robert dy, as v
McNamara and Deputy Defense ported, bu
Secretary Cyrus Vance. It now ap- withheld
pears that the total U.S. force til it cou:
supporting the war in Southeast 23rd Sovi
Asia may reach 470,000 troops this gress.
year, with 70,000 in support mis- The54
slions outside South Viet Nam. The 540
10 was rel
This figure is close to the peak ing from
U.S. strength during the Korean
War-473,000 men, including forc-
es stationed in Japan.
U.S. officials told reporters last
week "it was not correct" to say
the U.S. was preparing to put
fewer men into the Viet Nam war

than it put into the Korean War.
They chose this way to suggest
that the extra forces would be
sent as needed. The United States
now has about 300,000 men in
Southeast Asia, with 230,000 in
South Viet Nam itself and 70,000
in support positions on Guam, Ok-
inawa and other surrounding mil-
itary bases.

la jor


Indonesia Will Return to UN,
Improve Relations with U.S.



Rusk BriefsI
Senators on
Viet Situation
Predicts Generals
Will Continue Even
If Ky Overthrown
WASHINGTON () - Secretary
of State Dean Rusk said yester-
day internal strife in South Viet
Nam stems in part from the ef-
forts of contending groups to
carve themselves guaranteed roles
in a future civilian government.
Rusk briefed the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee in closed
session. Afterward, two senators
reported he had said the ruling
council of generals would continuej
in power even if the current gov-
ernment of Nguyen Cao Ky shouldl

JAKARTA OP) - Two cabinet
members said yesterday that In-
donesia, a virtual international
outcast, hopes to return to the so-
ciety of nations.
Foreign Minister Adam Malik
declared Indonesia plans to re-
turn to the United Nations,' and
will try to improve relations with
the United States.
The economic affairs minister
Sultan Hamengku Buwono, said
Indonesia will seek foreign aid
from other countries "without po-
litical strings."

Gen. Suharto, the new strong man.
was charting a new foreign poli-
cy course.
Malik told a news conference
that improved foreign relations
are imperative because of the
near-bankrupt economy.
Malik conceded that relations
with- the United States had not
been good but said the govern-
ment would do its best to im-
prove them soon, adding: "We will
overcome difficulties existing
He stressed that Indonesia, the

of increasingly close ties with
Communist China pursued by Su-
karno and Subandrio.
In reply to a question, Malik
said there would be no change in
Jakarta's relations with Red China
but "if Peking is not satisfied with
our new policy, it is, of course,
not our business."
In saying Indonesia would "do
its level best to strike a balance
in its relations with the outside
world," Malik was supported by

New Policy world's fifth most populous na-
Malik succeeded pro-Peking For- tion, would adopt a more neutralUITv l
eign Minister Subandrio last foreign policy. This marked a .S1I. iReveais
month. This indicated that Lt. sharp turn away from the policy
World News Roundup
Test Ban

By The Associated Press WASHINGTON - Final action
WASHINGTON - A slowdown may be taken Wednesday by the
in the growth of consumer install- House on a measure to grant sal-
ment credit was reported for Feb- y increases to 1.8 million fed-
eral employes.
ruary by the Federal Reserve
Board. The increase was $537 mil- ! A preliminary voice vote yester-
day indicated overwhelming ap-
lion, smallest since November. proval for the increase.
1964, the Board said yesterday.

The slower rate of rise, welcom-
ed by officials who have feared
an inflationary overheating of the
economy, was particularly notice-

S HOW LUNA 10 LOOKS according to Tass, the official Sovi
the satellite, launched last Thursday, which the government
the moon Sunday at 1:44 p.m. EST. Luna 10, which weigh
ent, a telemetric system, equipment for exploration of the m
on system, and stablizing engines. Its orbit ranges from 21
surface; it may orbit the moon indefinitely. Luna 10 was place
una 9 made an historic soft landing on the moon, sending ba
States hopes to duplicate both Russian feats later this year.
ovtets Succeed inI
'irst Satellite Aro'u

-Associated Press
et news agency. This is a draw-
it announced went into orbit
s 540 pounds, is carrying radio
noon ad fnarh acnnep a hea

Generals Will Continue able in personal loans and install-
Sens. Joseph S. Clark (D-Pa) ment buying of consumer goods
other than automobiles.
and Karl E. Mundt (R-SD) agreed
in separate interviews that Rusk I' *

nu n n ery spae , ea
7 mlesto 21 ile abve he had voiced the opinion that the WASHINGTON-Eight railroads
7 miles to 621 miles above the council of generals, which Ky struggled back toward normal yes-
ed into orbit exactly two months heads, would continue to run the terday after a costly firemen's
ck pictures of the surface. The South Viet Nam government even strike petered out amid legal ma-
if the premier steps down. neuvering. An argument immedi-
"Rusk said the downfall of the ately arose on whether the union
e e g"Ky government does not appear I owes $27,500 in contempt-of-court
to be 'in the cards' because the fines.
armed forces have the most solid Federal District Court Judge
and integrated and organized pow- Alexander Holtzoff lifted a threat'
er in the country." of bigger fines of $510,000 a day.
m o o t0 Speaking on David Ssskind's 1 Bt court officials said fines of
television program in New York, $27,500 are now due and payable,
Rusk said he expected the mili- because the strike did not end
Luna 10 went into close orbit tary government to weather cur- by noon Sunday, as decreed by
around the moon exactly two rent antigovernment demonstra- Holtzoff in a Saturday ruling. It
months after Luna 9 made his- tions and retain power until a was called off shortly before mid-
constitution is drafted. night.
tory's first soft landing on the - -_ --- - - -----
moon and sent back pictures of the
The United States hopes to dup-
licate both feats later this year in will have a representative on campus{
its attempts to land a man on
the moon before 1970. THURSDAY, APRIL 7

LA PAZ, Bolivia-A series of
shooting incidents and a bomb-
ing in Bolivia heightened fears
yesterday that Bolivia's presiden-
tial election campaign may be a
violent affair.
One person was killed in the
incidents that began Friday when
shooting broke out at a political
rally in Santa Cruz, 600 miles
southeast of La Paz. oPlitical ex-
tremists were blamed for a bomb-
ing in Cochabama, 360 miles south
of La Paz, and the fatal shoot-
ing of a farm worker.'
The long delayed elections are
scheduled July 3 but so far no
candidates have declared.

GENEVA (P)-The United States
made public yesterday details of
a cheat-proof plan to guarantee
a treaty banning underground nu-
clear tests.
Chief U.S. delegate Adrian S.
Fisher told the 17-nation disarma-
ment conference that America has
evolved a detection system for on-
site inspections which would make
it virtually impossible for any
country to conduct a secret un-
derground nuclear explosion.
The system involves analysis of
fission-product gases which slow-
ly leak to the surface after such
an explosion. Fisher claimed such
gases could only result from a
nuclear explosion and analysis on
the surface would soon show
whether the country concerned
had cheated.
This would make it impossible
for a country to get away with
secret tests by thoroughly clean-
ing up the surface of the explo-
sion area to deceive on-site inspec-

)W OP)-The Soviet Un-
med yesterday it had put
satellite in orbit around
, that it was completing
very three hours and said
up a new page in the
In of the moon."
viet news agency, Tass,
a 10 consists of an air-
ntainer carrying radio
it, a telemetric system,
t for the exploration of
and nearby space, a sys-
eat regulation and pow-
and small jet engines
e it in flight.
Provide Data
vernment paper Izvestia
a 10 will provide much
on on the structure of
. Scientists were quoted
the satellite will pro-
ton the moon's surface
sunlight, and its mag-
gravitational fields.
0 went into orbit Sun-
Western astronomers re-
ut news of the feat was
by the Soviet Union un-
id be announced to the
et Communist party con-
Orbit Indefinitely
0-pound, unmanned Luna
ported in an orbit rang-
217 miles to 621 miles

above the moon. Western astron-
omers speculated that it would or-;
bit the moon indefinitely.r
Soviet news media, without say-
ing exactly why, compared the
importance of Luna 10 to that of
Luna 2, which became the first
manmade object to hit the moon,
in September, 1959.
Luna 10 was reported sending
back to earth data on the moon's
surface and near-lunar space. But
there were no claims that it was
sending pictures of the moon's sur-
The U.S. moon program calls'
for a satellite this summer to pho-
tograph the moon from an orbit
as near as 28 miles from the sur-
face in order to help map a land-
ing spot for a manned vehicle.
U.S. Plans
The United States plans to land
men on the moon from an orbit-
ing vehicle, after first orbiting the
moon with unmanned satellites.
The Soviet Union has not said
how it plans to land on the moon.
Luna 10, launched last Thurs-
day, actually left two objects or-
biting the moon. One was the sci-
entific instrument package itself.;
The other was the rocket that first
placed it into lunar orbit and then

Wednesday, April 6, 7:30
Student Publications Building

Vladimir Siforov, a Soviet com-
munications specialist, told Tass
that Luna 10 will make it pos-
sible "to decipher many myster-
ious phenomena on the moon"
and called the achievement "a
major step toward further con-
quest of outer space."

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