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March 19, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-03-19

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See Editorial Page


Si4r ujan


Chance of showers or
flurries at night

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom


Report Calls
For Reform.
At Berkeley
Study Urges Special
Panel, ,New Position
To Spur Progress
A special faculty committee of
the University of California's
%Berkeley campus has produced a
report, stemming from widely
publicized student unrest, that may
have a far-reaching influence on
higher education.
The committee's 42 recommen-
dations, while urging extensive
academic reform, reflected a de-
termination to hold the line
against direct student participa-
tion in top-level policy-making.
"Implicit in the whole report,"
said Dr. Charles Muscatine, chair-
man of the nine-man special com-
mittee, "is the quest for new rap-
*port between the faculty and the
studetnt." i
The proposals included the es-
tablishment of a powerful new
board to bring about and supervise
innovation and the appointment
of a top-ranking administrator to
,%Dreside over such reforms in cur-
riculum and operations.
This seven member Board of
Educational Development and the
special vice chancellor would be in
charge of "experiments which do
* not readily find protection within
a regular department" and would
receive, foster, and support new
ideas, courses and programs.
Also in the 200 page report was
a proposal to create a new degree
-the Doctor of Arts, as a substi-
tute for the Ph.D., for persons in-
terested in college teaching rather
than research.
The blue-ribbon committee also
proposed that students be asked
to help in rating the teaching
quality of faculty members, but it]
rejects the growing demands that
undergraduates be permitted to sit
on, faculty and administration
Tenure Rank
"The typical faculty member
does not get called for committee
service until he has reached tenure
rank," the report explained. Stu-
*~dents who lack .experience "with
the intellectual and pragmatic as-
pects of campus life" therefore
should not be given "professional
responsibility for e d u c a t io n a 1
policy," the report maintained.
In what appears to be a direct
reaction to that aspect of student
unrest resulting in political teach-
ins and even the establishment of
Free Universities in many parts
of the country, the committee
urged the offering of "ad hoc
courses" on topics that might be
decided each term by the new
*board "to supply the relevant
scholarly and intellectual back-
ground to subjects of active stu-
dent coneern."
Among the various other rec-
ommendations were that:
" The committee introduce the
*freshman seminar, pioneered by
Harvard, which permits some stu-
dents in their first year to work
independently under a senior pro-
Liberal Arts Credit
*I Berkeley give liberal arts
credit for field study, such as work
in hospitals, industry, and outside
research, in the tradition of such
institutions as Antioch and Ben-

* Students be permitted to take
a limited number of courses on
the basis of a mere passing or fail-
ing mark, thus encouraging them
to take difficult courses outside
their major field without fear of
depressing their over-all record.
This approach has been success-
fully introduced at Princeton Uni-
versity and Knox College, Ill.
" Every recommendation for
tenure must be accompanied by
a formal dossier on the candidate's
teaching performance, including
evidence based on class visitations.
* Departments in which facul-
ty members teach too few fresh-
man and sophomore courses be
Independent Study
* Students, at any stage of
their careers, be eligible for super-
vised independent study "involving
any proportion of their time justi-
fiaohlp b izi rund wcinpa1irrnal pa-

ff Mah an Daly
to act as co-sponsors of the newly-formed campus chapter of the
W.E.B. DuBois club. The Justice Department recently added the
organization to its list of "subversive groups."
Robert Sklar of the history department has written to Attor-
neyaGeneralrNicholas Katzenbach asking for clarification of the
department ruling on the clubs.
"We recognize that there are special circumstances associated
with the forming of this club, and we would like to be as fully in-
formed as possible," the letter stated.
* * *
THE UNIVERSITY'S $55 MILLION fund drive, in conjunc-
tion with the Sesquicentennial anniversary next year, has reached
the $40 million goal, University Vice-President Michael Raddock
said recently. This total includes nine gifts of a million dollars
or more each and 23 additional gifts of over $100,000 each.
"Although we are just beginning to organize our general
alumni campaign," Raddock explained at a luncheon meeting of
the campaign's steering committee, "the major and select gift
phases of the program have put us well on schedule. If our
217,000 Michigan alumni do as well relatively as our large donors,
the program will more than top its goal."
At the peak of the funds drive, the largest appeal for private
philanthropic support ever launched by a state tax-assisted uni-
versity, 5,000 volunteers are expected to be actively seeking gifts
for the University,
THE UNIVERSITY HAS BEEN allocated an additional
$25,000 for student loans by the Department of Health, Education
and Welfare in Washington. The loans are part of the National
Defense Education Act.
The University's amount was included in a total additional
allocation of $2,250,000 for 294 colleges and universities.
A House education subcommittee has killed an administra-
tion proposal to cut NDEA spending from $190 million to $150
Karl D. Streiff, assistant director of financial aids yesterday
expressed pleasure at the subcommittee's action in recommend-
ing full appropriations for NDEA. He cautioned, however, that
there are a number of provisions in the current proposal which
would create great operational difficulties if not corrected.
* * * *
grants totaling $344,780 to the University, Vice-President forC
Research A. Geoffrey Norman has announced.
Prof. Donald L. Katz of the chemical engineering depart-
ment, recently named a "distinguished professor" by the Board of
Regents, will direct workshop and information sessions on com-
puters and mathematical optimization techniques in engineering
THE WILLIAM WARNER BISHOP prizes will be awarded to
the University undergraduate possessing the best personal col-
lection of books. Prizes of a $100 U.S. Savings Bond and a set of
20 Modern Library ,volumes are being awarded to the two top
entries. A panel composed of faculty members and Undergraduate
Library staff will judge the entires. Instruction sheets are avail-
able in the lobby of the Undergraduate Library.
55 STUDENTS WERE HONORED at the School of:Business
Administration's annual Honors Banquet last night. The cere-
mony was attended by four University Regents as well as several
University vice-presidents. The top students at the school were
received into Beta Gamma Sigma, national honorary business
administration fraternity.
MANY EMPLOYERS ARE HAVING difficulty finding enough
qualified applicants to fill all their openings, a University of
Wisconsin authority said recently.
Qualified applicants often fail to accept positions because of
a lack of ability on the part of interviewers, Thomas L. Moffatt
said at a seminar on employment interviewing at the University.
"Many managers who are excellent in other skills lack skill
in employment interviewing," he said. "With the drought of quali-
field personnel becoming more of a problem every day, companies
can ill afford to have qualified applicants driven away by poorj
interview techniques."
ANOTHER CAMPUS RECORD has been broken. Evans
Scholars and Couzens Hall teamed up to beat the federal govern-
ment on its new excise tax on phone calls. They extended a single
phone call for seven days and four hours-a campus "talkathon"

(Continued to Page 8)

Accepted by
Power Honored as
'Regent Emeritus'
At Board Meeting
"With reluctance and regret"
University P r e si den t Harlan
Hatcher and the Board of Regents
yesterday acknowledged the resig-
nation of Eugene B. Power from
the Board and appointed him Re-
gent Emeritus, an honorary title.
President Hatcher read a state-
ment citing his earlier remarks of
March 11 and recapitulating the
sequence of events, which began
with Attorney General Frank Kel-
ley's report praising Power's in-
tegrity but citing a "substantial -
conflict of interest" in his dual ONE OF THE R
role as president of University shortly after th
Microfilms, Inc., and Regent. Gov. To the left is U
George W. Romney accepted-
Power's resignation on Tuesday TSENA TOR
Adding to his prepared text, SL'A U
Hatcher noted Romney's accept-
ance of Power's resignation "left
no action or doors open to the
Regents. It became a closed issue." E e l
Some faculty and administrators
had been optimistic that the Re-
gents might induce Power to stay
on, but other administrators ' hat
been unenthusiastic about the
idea or the possibility.
Resolution Adopted
TheiRegents adopted a resolu- By LEONAR
tointroduced by Regent Irene ~LOA
Murphy, saying that Power "has. Acting Associate M
been proud of the University's Special To TT
stature and impatient for its con- W A S H I N G T
tinued growth" and that "his in- Alexander Eckstei
tent has always been to strengthen nomics Dept. yest
his alma mater in its place among moval of the Ame
the world's leading universities." bargo as "the fi
There was no mention of Power's road to normalizat
status on the presidential selec- United States a
tion committee-which was estab- wide-ranging testi
lished Feb. 11 on a motion drafted Senate ForeignR
by Regent William Cudlip appoint- mitteeg
ing the eight Regents by name to Eckstein was th
the panel-but it was learned that on Communist Ch
this was a topic of inconclusive by the committee,
discussions during the Regents' extended its hear
private discussions Thursday and the request ofS
again yesterday before their pub- Morse (D-Ore).
lie meeting. Flooded by te
Original Intent Eckstein said the
The "prevailing feeling" of the as a symbol of ou
five Regents present-Mrs. Mur- to isolate Comm
phy, Cudlip, Frederick Matthaei, determination whi
Robert Briggs and Carl Brablec- in the questionnin
was understood to be that the mo- ed his prepared st
tion was intended to name all Earlier, Prof. M
eight presently-serving, voting Re- of' Harvard Univ
gents and not individuals, which committee the
thus precluded Power's retention should remain in
on it. No vote was taken, however, proposed changes
Cudlip had said earlier he saw policies toward C
"zero logic" in keeping Power on with discussions
the presidential selection commit- change of ambass
tee. He, Briggs, and Matthaei were Brig. Gen. Sa
said to have "found it very dis- USMC (Ret.) urge
turbing" that Power should remain adopt long-range
on the panel while not a Regent. latiols with China
On other matters, Vice-President extend itself int
for Business and Finance Wilbur war.
K. Pierpont announced at the Great Leap
meeting that the first 600 units Eckstein noted t

of Cedar Bend housing would leadership's faith
"hopefully" be ready for occu- probably been stre
pancy in the coming fall semester. survival of the G



oni April's


-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
IEGENTS' chairs was empty at yesterday's meeting: that of Eugene B. Power. Shown
e end of the meeting seated in her usual spot next to Power is Regent Irene Murphy.
University Secretary Erich A. Walter.. ,
i'stein Urges Removal
U.S. China mbro

[anaging Editor '
The Daily
o N - Professor
in of the Eco-
erday urged re-
rican trade em-
rst step in the,
ion .between the
rnd China," in
Rnony before the
Relations Com-
e seventh expert
ma to be heard
wiach yesterday
ings further at
Senator Wayne
elevision lights,
embargo "stands
r determination
uirfist China," a
ch he criticized
g which follow-
Morton Halperin
ersity told the
United States
Viet Nam, but
sin American
hina, beginning
about the ex-
amuel Griffith,
ed that the U.S.-
goals in its re-
a, and not over-
the Vietnamese
hat the Chinese
in itself had
ngthened by its
reat Leap For-

ward, a program of radical eco-i
nomic policies instituted in 1959.
The policies put immense strain
on the Chinese economy and
created a "depression" from which
that nation is only now recovering.
The government's s u r v i v a l
through the depression, he argued,
was another sign that the Com-
munists are on the mainland to
stay. This suggests a "policy pos-
ture for the United States," he
said, "that accepts Communist
China as a body politic . . . that
seems to be here to stay for some
time to come."
Yet, Eckstein charged, U.S. poli-
cies have not been revised since
the Korean War embargo, a time
in which the survival of the Com-
munist government was uncertain.
He felt that American trade poli-
cies with China were thus seriously
out of date.
Chiniese Threat
Because of the threat posed by
China's foreign policy-"world
revolution" and the use of "wars
of national liberation" in an effort
to "counter-isolate the United
States"-he urged the removal of
the embargo to "symbolize a new
policy posture on the part of the
United States."
Under Morse's persistent ques-
tioning, Eckstein told the commit-
tee that if America sends troops
into North Viet Nam or bombs
Chinese territory or if it appears
that the North Vietnamese may
fall because of the war, "there is
a definite probability of China
entering the war."
Eckstein said the Chinese would
probably fight such a war very
determinedly and with the sup-
port of all the population. "Even
if we win such a war," he said,
"it would be a disaster."
Noting that "Mao's image of
what is going on in the free world
seems to be wildly out of touch
with reality," Halperin told the
committee's morning session a
basic tenet of Chinese foreign
policy is that "the Chinese revolu-
tionary model can be applied in
other underdeveloped societies."
He said the Chinese have con-
cluded that there is a substantial
probability of an American attack
on China "growing out of the Viet
Nam war." He added there is little
reason for assuming the Chinese
do not greatly fear a nuclear at-
Halperin saw gradual easing of
tensions with China, beginning
with the exchange of ambassadors,
or at least the offer to discuss such
an exchange, as the principle way

a very strong "regional" instru-
ment, anid that it will have more
widespread influence in five or six
years. "Today," he said, "divisions
lack sufficient motor transport to
move them or to keep lower
echeleons continuously supplied
in fluid situations."
Griffith took exception to a pro-
posal that had been suggested by
Committee Chairman J. W. Ful-
bright (D-Ark), that called for a
Vietnamese settlement based on
mutual withdrawal by the U.S.
and China.
"They would not place any
credibilities whatsoever on any
agreement we would sign," Griffith
said. "We are the demon in
Chinese eyes as much as they are
the demon in American eyes."
First Priority
Eckstein told the committee that
the Chinese place their first prior-
ity on the survival of the Com-
munist government. "Beyond this,"
he said, "the Chinese-in terms of
what they have done as opposed
to what they have said-have had
a very cautious foreign policy."
He felt recent Chinese foreign
policy debacles have had the ef-
fect of making China's leaders
more interested in internal de-
velopments than in foreign af-
China's greatest internal prob-
lem, he said, is feeding her mass
population. He estimated the pop-
ulation to be increasing at about
2 per cent per year, which means
a net growth of fifteen million
persons yearly.
Eckstein cautioned, that if the
Chinese government was not care-
ful in its development' plans-if
it were to attempt a repeat of the
Great Leap Forward-China would
face serious food and investment
Population Pressure
He said China's population
pressure does not encourage an
expansionist state of mind in her
leaders. He emphasized that China
has vast areas of uninhabited land'
and that her population pressures
arise from the fact that little of
this land is arable.
Eckstein also shed some specu-.
lative light on the recent Chinese
break with Cuba over the rice
shipments issue.
He told Morse that China had
evidently overcommitted herself
and could not meet the promises'
she had made to the Cuban gov-
ernment. "Cuba was not that high,

Proposal To
Get Further
Announcement Starts
Drive for Money
For New College Plan
Acting Editor
The Regents at their meeting
yesterday placed the proposal for
a University residential college-
the product of nearly four years of
study and committee work-on the
agenda for their April meeting.
Although Regent Irene Murphy
described herself and her col-
leagues in an interview as "very
excited" over the plan-which the
Regents received only this Tues-
day, long after the regular agenda'
had been set-she indicated the
Regents wanted to study it fur-
ther, particularly with regard to
costs and financing. "Let's do our
homework," Regent William Cud-
lip commented at the meeting.
University'administrators, eager
to begin informing the legislature
and private donors about details
of the bold, costly proposal, had
hoped for Regental approval yes-
terday after a long private meet-
ing with the Regents Thursday
It was believed, however, that
yesterday's public announcement
would make a push for funds by
University officials like President
Harlan Hatcher - described as
"champing at the bit"_consider-
ably easier.
Affiliated with the literary col-
lege rather than competing with
it, the residential college repre-
sents the first step toward what
many administrators hope will be
a "new" 'departure for American
higher education: combining num-
erous small, educationally-flexible
and fairly autonomous collegeswith
the advantages of a large univer-
sity - somewhat like Oxford or
Cambridge, where each college is
usually no larger than 200.
Anticipating possible difficulties
and delays involved in getting
adequate legislative appropriations
and private gifts for the new col-
lege's academic buildings, the plan
presented to the Regents provides
for the inclusidn of faculty offices
and seminar and reading room
areas in residential housing units
--somewht like the Law Club.
When the financial situtLion
permits, it was understood, class-
room buildings could be built and
many academic areas of the col-
lege's residence units would then
revert to purely residential use.
As submittedftoVice-President
for Academic Affairs Allan Smith
by Dean William Haber of the
literary college and its executive
committee-and then to the Re-
gents by Smith - the residential
college timetable provides for:
* a class of 250 students will
enter each year for 1967 and 1968
to occupy a remodeled part of
East Quadrangle (a major aspect
whose arrangements and costs
have not yet been considered by
* by 1969, the unit Will move
to its permanent site near North
Campus with cluster units of resi-
dential/academic housing;
* the college will get a library,
preferably by 1969 but at the lat-
est by 1970 or 1971;
" more clusters of residence/
'academic housing will be added
until the college is operating at its
full strength of 1200 students
(some 300 additional music school
and architecture and design stu-
dents being served) and 80 fac-
ulty no later than the ,fa'?, 1972
term; and

" no later than 1975, the col-
lege will gain a classroom building
("second only in importane '; t:e
library") along with a science
building, an arts center and "pos-
sibly". a gymnasium,
An earlier draft .of "he resi-


i f _ .. .,..,, _ ..,. ..._,.. .,- __ ., ...

on China's priorities," Eckstein dential units had provided simply
said, and so rice shipments were for residence housing. Further
stopped. . drafts will be prepared before the
- . . 'D,~i R.m.-ntQ',Aril ,',cPctircrfnr.the~


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