'TUESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1966 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
TASHKENT OP)-India's Prime
Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri died
last night, a few hours after he
signed a limited agreement with
Pakistan to pull back their oppos-
ing forces. He was 61.
Home Minister Gulzarilal Nan-
da was sworn in early this morn-
ing as the new prime minister of
President Sarvepalli Radhak-
rishnan administered the oath of
office in the presidential office
shortly after the announcement
of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur
Shastri's death in Tashkent, So-
Suffers Heart Attack
Nanda had acted as prime min-
ister immediately after Jawahar-
lal Nehru's death in 1964 and had
tried to hold on to the job.
The 5-foot-2, 110-pound Shas-
tri was felled by a heart attack,
the soviet news agency Tass said.
He had a history of heart dis-
ease, having been stricken by a
serious attack in 1959. He became
ill again in June, 1964, shortly
after he succeeded Jawaharlal
Nehru as leader of India's millions.
Shastri was to have seen Presi-
dent Johnson next month on a
postponed visit to the United
States. Pakistan's President Ayub
Khan, with whom Shastri signed
the "Declaration of Tashkent,"
saw President Johnson in Wash-
ington last month.
Shastri had been scheduled to
fly back to New Delhi Tuesday
after agreeing with Ayub on elim-
inating most of the after effects
of the 22-day undeclared war be-
tween their countries last Sep-
Shastri arrived in Tashkent
Jan. 3 at the invitation of Pre-
mier Alexei N. Koskgin of the
Soviet Union to discuss peace be-
tween India and Pakistan.
No Kashmir Settlement
Shastri and Ayub solved no
basic quarrels in their Tashkent
But they agreed to start with-
drawing troops from each other's
soil and to strive for peace.
They sidestepped, however, the
quarrel over Kashmir, which
touched off two wars in South
Asia in 18 years, and official
spokesmen of both sides imme-
diately differed on terms of the of differences but wary of grow- son described Shastri's death asj
declaration and how they will be ing Soviet influence among the "a grievious blow to the hopes ofj
implemented. feuding inheritors of British India. mankind for peace and progress."
Troop Withdrawal Soviet officials, who see their He said Shastri had "proved a'
Aside from Kashmir, the most influence greatly strengthened fitting successor to Pandit Nehru
difficult - and dangerous - now in both India and Pakistan, by holding aloft the highest ideals
problem to be worked out is how were joyous at the outcome. One of Indian democracy."
to withdraw divisions of armed Soviet official quipped to a news- Press secretary Bill D. Moyers
troops from along a 1,500-mile man, "Now we will take our team said Secretary of State Dean Rusk
cease-fire line stretching from to Viet Nam and maybe something gave Johnson the news of Shas-
the Kashmir Mountains in the will come of it." tri's death.
north to near the Arabian Sea in Credit Kosygin Calls Death Tragic
India's southwest: Indian and Pakistani officials Moyers read newsmen the fol-
India and Pakistan hold thou- credited Kosygin with hauling the lowing statement by Johnson:
sands of square miles of each conference out of a deadlock that "Our nation mourns the death;
other's territory, not only in Kash- stretched through almost the en- of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur
mir but elsewhere. tire eight days Shastri and Ayub Shastri of India. As leader of the
India struck across the inter- have been here. world's largest democracy, he had!
..., +....... .C..«+;.., .« C...+ + ..-a 1- -, A A,,,L, lv n ai rea g inz a o pn iai pnninc
an Singh made
and aides later
gin, Shastri's ho
stood in the foyer
in hand, and ca
great humanist o
with his foreign
the official an- ist-minded leader into the pre-
Shastri's death, miership.
gave details of The choice of Nanda could be
a step in that direction.
Alexi N. Kosy- New Ministers Sworn In
)st in Tashkent, The question now is how Nanda
r of the villa, hat will set out to fulfill the terms
alled Shastri "a of the agreement Shastri reached
f our time." with Ayub to strive for peace.
ed at the villa Sworn in with Nanda were the
minister. Andrei information and broadcasting
minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, and
national frontier on Sept. 6 and
carved out chunks of West Pakis-
tan in the Lahore and Sialkot
Pakistan hit deep into India's;
desert-like Rajasthan State in the
southwest and, to a lesser extent,
the Punjab in the north.
President Johnson and UN Sec-l
retary-General U Thant welcomed
the agreement. The British re-
action was mixed. British officials,
were glad the two nations seemed 1
to be moving toward a settlement
Shastri and Ayub twice nearly"
severed communications with each.
other and both times Kosygin;
stepped in to get things moving1
Kosygin's final effort started
Sunday morning and before he
went home Monday morning, he
had seen both leaders three times.I
The Indian nation was told
Shastri's body will be flown home
from Tashkent this morning.
In Washington, President John-
already gained a special place in
American hearts. His tragic loss,
after fruitful discussions at Tash-1
kent, is a grievous blow to the
hopes of mankind for peace andl
Shastri died at 1:32 a.m..--2-32
EST yesterday-in a country villa
he was using outside TashkentX
during Soviet-sponsored talks with
President Mohammed Ayub Khan
Kosygin Praises Shastri
Indian Foreign Minister Swar-I
"He was a great man," KoskginI
said, "a great humanist of our
time . . . a man who wanted to
do much for his people.
"I would like to express pro-
found condolences to the Indian'
Then Kosygin sat on a low
stool beneath coats hanging on a
wall rack, signed the Indian dele-
gation's visitor's book, and left5
Shastri's death injected new un-
certainties into Southeast Asia.
Ever since hostilities flared with;
Pakistan there had been mounting
pressures in India for the eleva-
tion of a stronger, more national-
a new finance minister. Sachin-
dra Chaudhuri. The oaths were
administered to them and Nanda
at 3:15 a.m.
The Congress party in Parlia-
ment will have to meet to elect
formally a new leader in succes-
sion to Shastri. Nanda was ex-
pected to be approved.
News Shocks India
Shastri will be cremated on the
banks of the sacred Jumna River,
his family indicated. The time
will be fixed by the government
because it will be a state funeral.
The news was received with
shock, especially as it came at the
end of what were considered here
as his successful Tashkent talks.
LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI
ong Rights Worker
WASHINGTON (,P)-A U.S. dip-; can and Hanoi representati
lomat has met with a Hanoi. gov- their capitals.
ernment representative for a few The U.S. diplomat was s
minutes and handed him a mes- have handed over the U.S
sage concerning U.S. proposals for sage to a North Vietnames
peace in Viet Nam. cial in a brief meeting
This was reported last night which the two exchanged
following White House disclosure, remarks-but did not get int
for the first time. since Presi- stantive negotiations.
dent Johnson's cur'rent peace of- Accepts Message
fensive began Dec. 24, that a di-
rect U.S. contact had been made The Hanoi representatic
with the Hanoi regime, accept the U.S. communica
in contrast to last May wh
However, the disclosure of the North Vietnamese regime
meeting-said to have taken place to receive a Washington m
sometime ago-did not appear to sent to Hanoi through the
mark a shift in the immediate That was during the previo
diplomatic or military situation. in U.S. bombing of Nortl
Secrecy Surrounds Contact Nam.
ives at was asked about three Americans States which
who made an unauthorized trip nate from Co
aid to to Hanoi and returned to report terday the W
. mes- there had been no contact be- ing the doorc
e offi- tween the North Vietnamese and U.S. sources
during American governments. Communists'
routine Affirms Contact final and co
to sub- "They are incompletely inform- the idea of n
ed," Moyers said. Hopef
Asked if that meant there has Sen. Mike
ve did been direct contact with Hanoi, the Senate m;
atian- Moyers replied: "All I car
en the "That's a safe deduction." hopeful sign
refused It was understood that the U.S.- sign of conta
nessage North Vietnamese contact was Mansfield
aritish. made at an official level some- had had no
us lull time ago. Just how and where development
h Viet was not announced. for the inten
Open for Negotiations President Jo
And as far as could be ascer- the past two
accept- tained from Johnson administra- last eight mo
n this tion sources last night, Hanoi has Aik
as of yet to indicate in any way a will- Sen. Geor
ending ingness to start negotiations on a who accomp
hrough Viet Nam settlement. recent fact-:
public- 'T'he same lack of favorable re- Viet Nam, s
m con- sponse so far had been previously of the conta-
on of reported after U.S. efforts through "Even if I
erialist third parties to persuade North to say anyth
Viet Nam to come to the confer-' complicate t
t con- ence table. contacts. I h
White However, despite harsh public Moyers' di
Moyers accusations against the United speculation
h continued to ema-'
mmunist capitals yes-
Vhite House was keep-
open for negotiations.
declined to take the
public statements as
nclusive rejections of
najority leader, said:
say is it is a very,
, and it is the first
ct with Hanoi."
told a reporter he
official word on the
"but it speaks well
:nsive efforts made by
ohnson not only over
o weeks, but over the
ge D. Aiken (R-Vt),,
anied Mansfield on a
finding trip to South
aid he knew nothing
ct, but commented:
did, I wouldn't want
ing about it and thus
he prospect of further.
ope it is true."j
contact with the Hanoi regime
took place. Among the possibili-
ties are a dozen or so capitals in
Communist and other countries
where both the U.S. and North
Vietnamese governments have dip-
lomatic representatives. Also, a
written U.S. message could have
been sent to Hanoi.
No Word on Contact
visit. Again, the press secretary
here replied to a question rather
than volunteered information.
Harriman, now in Australia, al-
ready has visited Poland, Yugosla-
via, the United Arab Republic,
Iran, India and Japan. Moyers
said he knows of no additional'
stops in contemplation beyond
White House Conference
Viet Nam, Moyers said, was one
of the topics discussed in a session
at the White House yesterday to
which Johnson brought a top ar-
ray of foreign policy and defense
Asked if consideration is being
given to briefing Congress on the
peace drive, Moyers said he is cer-
tain Johnson will follow the cus-
tom of keeping Congress informed
as much as possible, including Viet'
Nam and current diplomatic ac-
ATLANTA, Ga. (P)-The Geor- were seated in the gallery, but
gia House voted last night to bar there was no disturbance when the
Rep.-elect Julian Bond, a Negro, House voted to end its marathon
from taking a seat because of his opening day of the 1966 session.
endorsement of statements de- Bond is publicity director for
nouncing U.S. policy in Viet Wam SNCC. It was a SNCC statement
and urging Americans to avoid which caused the trouble. Bond
the draft. endorsed last Friday the state-
The vote was 184-12.. ment labeling U.S. participation
The House approved a report in Viet Nam as aggression and
by a special committee which calling on Americans to seek al-
spent about four hours hearing ternatives to military servic...
testimony and deliberating on the faced youth, had told the House
issue after Bond was not allow- committee that he stood on his
ed to take the oath of . office endorsement of the SNCC state-
when other members - including ment. But he said he had not ad-
seven Negroes-were sworn in. vocated violation of any law, while
The action was without prece- voicing admiration for anyone
dent in Georgia's recent legislative with the courage to burn his
history. Attorney Denmark Groov- draft card.
er of Macon, who represented op- The dispute overshadowed the
ponents of Bond, said the last toppling of racial tradition as the
legislative refusal to seat mem- House installed its first Negro
bers was in 1868 when about eight members in 58 years. Seven Ne-
Confederate veterans were bar- groes took seats in the House. A
red from the reconstruction House. Negro was elected to the Senate
Members of the Student Non- four years ago and a second took
violent Coordinating Committee his seat yesterday.
The Communists were said not
to have responded in any signifi-
cant way so far to President John-
son's bid for unconditional discus-
sions on settling the Viet Nam
Presldential press secretary Bill
D. Moyers declined to lift the
secrecy wraps on where the U.S.-
North Vietnamese 'contact took
place or who was involved. More
than a dozen Communists and free
world countries have both Ameri-
But North Viet Nam'sa
ance of the communicatio
time was not viewed here
immediate significance p
the receipt of some reply U
diplomatic channels. Andx
ly, the Communists have bee
tinuing harsh denunciati
what they term U.S. imp
aggression in Viet Nam.
The disclosure of direc
tact came at an afternoon
House news briefing whenR
There was no word whether the
contact was personal, by tele-
phone, or whether there were sev- -
eral contacts. Nor was there anyE
word of results.
Moyers added that he is saying:
nothing on matters such as these.
At the same time. in response
to another question, Moyers dis-
closed that W. Averell Harriman,
Johnson's roving ambassador andt
a key figure in the peace offen-t
sive, will go to Saigon tomorrowf
to confer with officials of the1
South Viet Nam government, U.S.
Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge
and other American officials
Moyers said he does not know
what the response from Washing-
isclosure left open for ton might be if Hanoi indicates it
how a direct U.S. would be receptive to a Harriman
- - -- --- __ __ _ _--- I I
WASHINGTON (P) - Congress until tomorrow when President
reconvened yesterday for a ses- Johnson will deliver his State of
sion shadowed by war. the Union message at 9 p.m. EST.
"I think that every piece of Fund Request Expected
legislation we consider will be col- The Senate was in session for
ored by the situation in Viet Nam," 15 minutes, the House for an
said Chairman Richard B. Rus- hour.
sell (D-Ga) of the Senate Armed Coming soon: A presidential re-
Services Committee. quest for $12 billion to $13 bil-
But for the day, there were only lion to help pay for the war in
formalities as the 89th Congress Viet Nam.
-a mountain of "Great Society" Russell said it undoubtedly will
legislation already in its record- trigger a great debate about U.S.
began its second session. policy in Viet Nam. But he said
! Byrd Sworn In the administration will get the
Two new House members and money-
Sen. Harry F. Byrd, Jr. of Vir- Domestic Spending Conflict
ginia, appointed to succeed his re- Across the Capitol, House Dem-
tired father, were sworn into of- ocratic leaders said they see no
fice. The House newcomers: Reps. need now for a tax increase or
Clarence J. Brown, Jr. (R-Ohio) for curtailment of Johnson's do-
and Thomas M. Rees (D-Calif). mestic programs because of
This left the House lineup 293 mounting expenses in Viet Nam.
Democrats, 140 Republicans and But Rep. George Mahon (D-
two vacancies. The Senate counts Tex), chairman of the House Ap-
68 Democrats and 32 Republicans propriations Committee, said the
with no vacancies. administration should tighten cur-
Both Senate and House met rent domestic spending and trim
briefly, called the roll, then quit its requests for the year ahead.
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press strations in support of a strike
NEW YORK-Republican May- ca by Comun .
or John V. Lindsay, in clipped RIO DE JANEIRO-President
and angry tones, yesterday direct- Humberto Castello Branco ap-
ed a strike mediation panel to get pointed Gen. Alvaro Alves da Sil-
tough and end New Yoirk's bil- va Braga yesterday as the new
lion-dollar transit crisis. commander of the inter-American
Outlining a new fact-finding ap- peace force in Santo Domingo.
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