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February 22, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-02-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.





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Control ofTTroopS
New 'Move
To Thwart
U.S. Power yf 4xg
London, Washingtonj
Officials See Need
To, Negotiate Threatu ¢.Ay.
PARIS (P)-President Charles
deGaulle, in an apparent new
move to thwart American influ-f'r i
ence in Europe, said yesterday that i
after April 4, 1969, any foreign.,¢
troops in France will have to be
under- French command.
He implied that otherwise the
United States and all others mustr
withdraw their armed forces from
French soil.
The French leader again chal-
lenged the usefulness of the North
A t 1 a n t i c Treaty Organization
(NATO) in a 71-minute news con-
ference attended by nearly 1,000
newsmen, aides and civil servants
White House. The meeting wsas his
first with reporters since he won
re-election Dec. 20. British Prime Minister Harold Wilson (right) was greeted yesterday by Soviet Premier Alexei Kosy-
De Gaulle called NATO an gin (left) as he arrived in Moscow for talks on the possibilities of getting Soviet help to end the
American protectorate. Viet Nam war.
In Washington, U.S. officials
said De Gaulle's insistence on TOUGHEST BLOW YET:
French command of U.S. forces in __________________
France should be negotiable-if
that is his real goal. U.S. troopsHVCon
in France are almost entirely
operate bases and move supplies
forward to U.S. and other NATO
force& to U.S. and other NATO .u t e ein g I d cad
forces in Germany. The U.S. might F
be willing ,to accept a French u ie H arn gI dc td
commander at U.S. bases, but SAIGON (k') - U.S. forces hit With precision timing, cavalry alrymen and the allied marines,
without authority to initiate mili- Communist positions with tear helicopters sprayed the position poured 309 rounds from her twin-
tary action, Washington indicated. gas, B52 bombers, Navy guns and with tear gas just ahead of the mounted five-inch guns into po-
But if De Gaulle's move is really ground fighters yesterday in twin arrival of a flight of U.S. Air tential havens for enemy troops.
BnuopeingDedgaue foereagyupoperations to snare and destroy Force B52s from Guam. The bomb- Destroy Buildings
n opening wedge for breaking up hardcore enemy regiments in a 50- ers saturated the target area with Officials in Saigon said the
NATO, officials said, it could lead mile stretch of South Vietnamese deep-penetration bombs. Orleck's guns fired on more than
Ftan critealt eothergem betweecoastal plains. When the smoke cleared, two 100 buildings along the coast and
the 15-nation alliance. Darkness fell before officials battalions of the division flew into destroyed half of them.
In Madrid, competent sources could determine the full results the target zone with orders to The U.S. Marines continued tc
said Spain might provide a willing of perhaps the toughest blow yet assess the damage of the B52 press a Communist force of about
haven for some U S. military ac- in operations being carried out strike and mop up enemy forces. 900 to 1,000 men in the Phuoc
tivities if the Unted States de- along the coast by the U.S. 1st The troopers made light contact Valley at the northern end of the
cided to withdraw from France. Cavalry Airmobile Division and with the enemy on landing, then coastal hunting ground.
U.S. and South Vietnamese ma- night fell and they held their Elsewhere, Communist mortai
De Gaulle, asserting that NATO rines. positions. crews sprang into action once more
had outlived its original purpose Meanwhi1e, in Washington, About 25 miles to the north, the but the results of their scattered
and usefulness, offered to replace Chairman J. W. Fulbright (D- U.S. 7th Fleet destroyer Orleck, attacks were described by allied
it with bilateral accords. But he Ark) said a majority of the Senate operating in consort with the cav- officials as negligible.
made it clear these would be on Foreign Relations Committee in-
French terms. dicated support yesterday for con-
British Comment tinuing its public hearings intoy
British officials said yesterday administration Viet Nam policy.'
De Gaulle in effect has raised the He said after a closed meeting
whole question of the future in that no vote was taken, and a
Paris of supreme headquarters of decision was put off until tomor-
the North Atlantic Treaty Organi- row, but the consensus was that By The Associated Press that must be cured before they
zation. there should be further hearings MANILA-Vice-President Hubert reach the crisis stage. Humphrey'
This was the comment of dip- on over-all policy. H. Humphrey will return home remedy is only partly military
lomatic and military sources. Gov- The committee, Fulbright also from his nine-nation swing-to Even more than military, he be
ernment spokesmen refused to announced, agreed that they would alert the American people that lieves the solution lies in broad
comment for the record until re- "welcome testimony" from Vice- Red China is a growing menace application of the kind of socia
ceiving a transcript of De Gaulle's President Hubert H. Humphrey throughout Asia. and economic reform and develop-
statement. upon his return from his Asian . . ment programs now being pushed
De Gaulle seemed deliberately trip for President Johnson, but An authoritative source gave in Viet Nam.
to have limited his remarks on decided to withhold any formal this , rundown on Humphrey's
Viet Nam to a strict minimum, but invitation. home front mission.
he referred to the Vietnamese At dusk, the South Vietnamese He will try to get across the WASHINGTON - The United
conflict as he concentrated most marines were reported severely en- message the United States is fac- States and Russia will open nego
of his barbs on NATO. gaged with a Communist force of ing as serious a threat from China tiations here March 2 on a ne
He asserted that NATO, and about 400 men just south of U.S. in late 1960s as it did from the agreement covering the exchang
especially American bases and Marine positions in Phuoc Valley Soviet Union in Europe in the late of delegations in scientific, cul
communications on French soil, on the northern end of the coastal 1950s. He will do this in television tural and other fields.
might well drag France into a hunting ground. Details were lack- interviews already lined up and in Plans for the talks were an-
distant conflict against her will. ing. speeches to groups throughout the nounced simultaneously with dis
He said that while the danger of Locate Regiment country. closure that the State Departmen
1A Soviet aggression in Europe had The day's heaviest strike against His objective is to make the and the U.S. Embassy in Moscov
diminished, the United States had the enemy came 12 miles south of American people aware that al- are now exchanging coded mes
become involved in conflicts "the Bong Son, where cavalry troops though South Viet Nam is the sages over direct lines, culminating
day before yesterday in Korea, reported they may have located a major infection from Chinese- 10 years of effort by this countr
yesterday in Cuba, and today in Communist regiment in fortified backed Communist aggression, to establish better communicat

Viet Nam." positions. there are other problem areas ions.

Meany Calls
Wage Plans
AFL-CIO Council
Claims Guidelines
'Smack of Trickery'
President George Meany said yes-
terday the White House wage
guidelines "smacks of trickery,"
and told Secretary of Labor W.
Willard Wirtz that organized labor
won't accept one-sided economic.
controls to curb inflation.
Wirtz said the Johnson admin-
istration will continue to try to
make voluntary wage-price re-
straints work because it does not
want to impose outright federal
Meany and Wirtz spoke at sep-
arate news conferences after Wirtz
talked behind closed doors to the
executive council of the 13-million
member AFL-CIO, which has been
showing signs of increasing dis-
content with many administration
Criticizes Advisors
Meany criticized President John-
son's Council of Economic Advis-1
ors for not adding booming 1965
economic figures to boost the wage
guidelines from 3.2 to 3.6 per
Under the White House guide-
lines, wage increases up to 3.2
per cent a year are considered in
line with increased labor produc-
tivity and thus noninflationary.
Meany said if Johnson declared
an emergency and imposed con-
trols on profits as well as wages
and prices, labor would accept
them, but that "these are one-way
guidelines. They just keep wages
AFL-CIO leaders reportedly are
considering urging the government
to impose excess profit taxes on
corporations. Wirtz at one point
called the White House guidelines
"controls," but corrected himself
to say they were a wage-price
"stabilization" policy.
Wirtz, said it was understand-
able that labor rejects wage lim-
itations and that industry doesn't
want profit controls, and desorib-
ed this as "a very healthy pulling
and hauling."
Concern in Country
But, he added, "I think this
country is very, very concerned,
and properly so, that prices stay
Wirtz said the labor leaders
"strongly" expressed their views
on the guidelines. Meany des-
cribed the exchange as "amicable."
Asked about some suggestions
that organized labor might "sit it
out" in this year's congressional
and state elections because of un-
happiness with the Johnson ad-
ministration, Meany said he had
"strong feelings" but would with-
hold them until later in the ses-
Meany reportedly will urge that
the AFL-CIO continue strong po-
litical support of Democrats fav-
orable to labor.
Blasts Dirksen
In a blast at Senate Republican
Leader Everett M. Dirksen, who
blocked the AFL-CIO's chief legis-
lative goal in Congress this year,
Meany said: "Dirksen has raised
. once again the question of
whether his party is the antilabor

Sukarno Ousts Nasution,
Arch Anti-Communist

SINGAPORE (P) - President of army generals-presumably in-
Sukarno of Indonesia dismissed cluding Nasution-planned to take
Gen. Abdul Haris Nasution, arch over the government. The army

foe of Indonesian Communists, as
defense minister, Radio Jakarta
reported yesterday.
Also ousted was the navy min-
ister, Vice Adm. Martadinata, an-
other anti-Communist.
Thus Sukarno seemed to have
triumphed, at least for now, in a
power struggle with the armed
forces, which have been purging
the Communists since they tried
a coup last October. Sukarno op-
posed the purge, although the coup
was aimed at his regime.
In the broadcast from his palace,
Sukarno said Nasution's former
combined post of defense minister
and chief of the armed forces had
been abolished.
No Reason
He gave no reason for dismis-
sing Nasution, 47, and Marta-
dinata, 48, beyond saying the
changes were normal. Nasution
led the armed forces in crushing
the Communist uprising last Oc-
tober. His 5-year-old daughter
was killed by the rebels, who were
after him.
Sukarno named Maj. Gen. Haji
Sarbini, little known outside In-
donesia, as the new defense min-
ister. Sarbini was the former army
veterans minister. The president
implied that Nasution still is chief
of staff of the armed forces.
The president did not list Na-
sution's name, however, in, reading
the list of service chiefs. Retained
was L. Gen. Suharto as army chief.
He is another anti-Communist.
.Adm. Mulyani is the new navy
"Right" Forces
Sarbini made a statement claim-
ing, "counterrevolutionary forces
inside and outside the country are
now intensifying their efforts to
turn the country to the right.
These forces are spreading psy-
chological warfare against Indo-
nesia and the Indonesian people."
Certain to raise armed forces
resentment was Sukarno's an-
nouncement that the former air
force chief, Omar Dhani, will be
minister for aviation training. The
army accused Dhani of siding with
the Communists in the coup at-
tempt and he took off for Europe
in a hurry. He is believed to be
still there.
Once heir apparent to Sukarno,
Nasution found himself differing
1 a few years ago with the presi-
dent's policy of trying to balance
off army influence by appointing
Communists to positions of power.
They apparently split openly after
the October coup attempt.
Sukarno deplored the campaign
Nasution and other armed forces
leaders led against Communists.
He tried to hold off the Com-
munist purge, but with little effect.
At Nasution's urging, Sakarno
reluctantly agreed to trial by mili-
tary tribunals of Communist lead-
ers suspected of leading the coup.
F Communist leader Njono testified
at his trial last week that the coup
was attempted because a council

denied this.
Reshuffle Normal
Sukarno described the reshuffle
as normal and said "nor is it
caused by a certain clique." He
did not name the clique but saidG
the changes were not being made'
because of demands of university
Student demonstrators have been
demanding harsher measures
against the Communists.
Sukarno also announced he has
appointed a new premier-Dr. Kai
Haji Idham Khalid. chairman of
the Moslem Nahadatul Ulama
party. This may have been a sop,
since Nasution is a Moslem. Mos-
lems led the wave of attacks after
the coup that may have killed
100,000 or more Communists.'
Sukarno said the other three
deputy premier posts remained un-
changed. They are First Deputy
Subandrio-accused by some army
elements of having a hand in the

attempted coup-Second Deputy
Johannes Leimena and Third
Deputy Chaerul Salleh.
Sukarno also announced that he
will now supervise the information
portofolio. But the information
minister, Maj. Gen. Achmadi, will
remain minister, the president
Meanwhile, a military tribunal
yesterday found Communist lead-
er Njono guilty of leading last
October's unsuccessful coup and
sentenced him to death, Radio Ja-
karta reported.
Njono, who went on trial more
than a week ago, has 30 days in
which to appeal the death sen-
tence, according to Radio Jakar-
ta. He is a member of the PKI's
Central Committee.
Njono had testified that the
Communists attempted the coup
because they believed a group of
army generals was planning to
seize power. A special armed forc-
es committee later drew up a
statement denying that the gen-
erals had planned to overthrow


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