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January 08, 1966 - Image 1

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STATES MUST
LEGALIZE ABORTIONS
See Editorial Page

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom

~~Aait0

BR-R-R-R
High-15
Low-2
Continuing cold
and partly cloudy

VOL. LXXVI, No. 86

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1966

SEVEN CENTS

SIX PAGES

'U' Students Seek

Influence

over

Local

Prices

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last
in a three-part series on pricing
in Anti Arbor as related to chang-
ing trends in the attitudes of stu-
dent-consumers. This article con-
sists of various details and conclu-
sions on the movement.
By DICK WINGFIELD
Can a bartering board be estab-
lished which will effectively re-
spond to grievances between stu-
dent consumers and Ann Arbor
landlords and merchants? If so,
could high prices be presented as
a grievance which could be reme-
died in the setting of a power-
counterpower bartering situation?
Answers to these questions de-
fine in part the economic future
of student consumers at the Uni-
versity. Testimony in the recent

legislative hearings headed by
Rep. Jack Faxon (D-Det) pointed
out that if prices or the cost of
living at the University are lower-
ed, then a more. economically di-
versified student body could be
expected.
In essence, college would be less
expensive in Ann Arbor and per-
sons of more molerate means could
begin to view education at the
University as a greater possibility.
It was said in the hearings that
the University is composed of -the
economically elite. The ethics of
this character may and have been
disputed. Does economic back-
ground have a significant influ-
ence upon intelligence? If so,
should the .cost of living be lower-
ed to cater to individuals which

may not measure up to the stan-
dards of the University at the
present?
Crusaders in the cause for low-
er living expenses here seem to
contend that the priviledge of
education should not be qualified
by economic resource. It is from
this philosophy that their argu-
ment gains its greatest thrust-
that is, the right of equal oppor-
tunity.
But the drive for lower educa-
tion costs years up on several
major tangents:
-The recent tuition hike has
been under heavy controversy
among academic, legislative and
private circles. It has been charg-
ed, for instance, that if the Uni-
versity is bent on lowering edu-

cation costs (as the critics assume
it should be), then the tuition hike
is a reversal of efforts.
-A second sideline is that prices
in Ann Arbor may be examined
apart from the ethical considera-
tion of equal opportunity. That is,
even for the rich, some spokesmen
have said, the prices are unjust
because they capitalize upon a
phenomenally high demand and
a carefully limited supply of mer-
chandise, books and living facili-
ties.
Although it is fact that if there
were lower prices here, a different
student body would be developed,
it is also clear that the virtue of
lowering prices for this reason is
the province of debate and prom-
ises no concrete conclusions.

Conclusions on the character of
the Ann Arbor economy and the
probability of lower prices are,
however, available:
-The student/property owner
bartering board is conceivable, but
has serious obstacles in this eco-
nomic situation. In essence, the
boycott weapon which the stu-
dents hypothetically hold may be
rendered impotent by the fact
that property owners could still
rent their dwellings if the boycott
were not completely effective
among nearly all the 30,000 stu-
dents and also among other pos-
sible renters.
-Assuming the owner is willing
to lower his prices to fill the
dwelling, the student-consumer
goal is ostensibly satisfied, butj

thc reduction in price may be
transient and limited only to the
eight or twelve month lease ef-
fective at that particular time.
-The boycott could not extend
to all dwellings at the same time
because of the fact, regardless of
the organization of the boycott,
that students must live some-
where.
-Therefore, spot boycotts could
be effective primarily for specific
grievences and not for a reduction
of rent costs in general.
-An alternative to the boycott/
bartering board method is a more
active role on the part of the Uni-
versity to supply greater quantities
of low-cost housing-housing that
will not only meet and reduce
present demand but also at rates

which will cause a reduction in
private housing rental rates.
-Problems with the University-
sponsored housing alternative are
that it would in effect be an
economically influential subsidy
by the state to student consumers
-the propriety of which is under
debate; and that, as the Oxford
Housing Project currently shows,
the University housing may not
be desirable enough to students to
guarantee that it will not be
vacant or partially so, if private
housing has more appeal to
renters.
-The concept of a monolithic
ownership of Ann Arbor multiple
dwellings is virtually false. There
are approximately 200 dwellings
of 6 units or more, and nearly as

many owners.
-This points up the fact that
ownership is spread among many
people, although there are a hand-
ful of more prominent owners.
Although this does give breath to
the idea of a bartering board with
an effective boycott threat, it
does not diminish its counterpart
-that there is a high demand for
apartment units.
-Relative prices have a strong
bearing upon the struggle: Pro-
perty owners contend that prices
are rising across the nation. They
add that their pricing is merely a
reflection of this fact combined
with a high wage level here, de-
mand and other economic factors;
Some student consumers agree
See STUDENTS, Page 2
Site

Note Decline Northfield
In Granlts OUIe

Wht's New
At, 764-m1817

Township

To Negroes
Per Cent of Students
In Award Program
e Revised Downward
By CLARENCE FANTO

Suitable

for

AEC

Pi

Hotline
A decision is expected soon on the appeal of Raymond
Lauzzana, '66A&D, one of the 12 reclassified Viet Nam protestors.
Lauzzana pled his case Thursday before Local Board No. 89 in
Detroit. A previous appeal by two other reclassified students at
Detroit Board No. 93 was rejected Wednesday. Two more students
will appeal on Jan. 17.
Stage and screen celebrities Gregory Peck and Elizabeth
Ashley, and Roger L. Stevens, head of the National Culture
Center will be in Ann Arbor next Saturday to attend the
American Conservatory Theatre's presentation of Edward Albee's
"Tiny Alice." The three will participate in a seminar on the
newly-created National Council on the Arts to be held in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Search has finally come through, but only two months late.
The computerized dating system sent out the date names last
Dec. 7. Iowever each student received a list of 10 names instead
of the advertised five. Each list had five names under the
heading of your ideal date, and then a second list of five names
for whom you are their ideal date.t
* * *
The University has received a $25,000 Ford Foundation
grant for a research workshop on the fiscal problems of state
and local governments, it was announced yesterday. The work-
shop will consist of 20 young research economists who will
conduct a series of seminars and discussions.
The Detroit Edison Company has donated $250,000 to the
University for support of the Phoenix project on peaceful uses
of atomic energy, University President Harlan Hatcher announced
recently.
The gift is part of $2 million sought by the Phoenix project
from the University's fund rasing campaign.
Long Distance
Vice-President Hubert Humphrey accepted pledges of support
for United States policy in Viet Nam from 47,000 students in 232
universities and colleges yesterday. The pledges, which were
presented by representatives of the National Committee for the
Defense of Viet Nam, were accepted in behalf of the President.
In a related development, the International Youth Crusade,
hi h is snnnn nrd b YunI Americans for Freedom. announced

The Opportunity Award Schol-
arship Program, primarily con-
ceived in order to admit more fi- Ford's Vlew
nancially needy but academically
qualified Negro students to the
University, has cut the proportion Startles
of Negroes admitted by 18 per
cent in its second year of opera-
tion, it was revealed yesterday.Stu-
Ninety-five per cent of the stu- ,- R.XJ-
dents admitted to the program int
1964 were Negroes, but last fall
this figure dropped to 77 per Silence on 'U' Grant
cent, according to John Chavis Issue Ends; Help For
coordinator for special projects
in the Office of Academic Af- Hare Seen Doubtful
fairs.
Ninety per cent of the appli- By MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH
cants to the program last fall
were Negroes, Admissions Counse-. Henry Ford II's statement th~at
for Robert Marion said yesterday. "I don't know specifically" why
One-third of those applying to the the University, rather than a uni-
program were finally admitted. versity with an existing highway
Fist~ institute, got a $10 million auto
First Yeara$1 nu
itjis ero prto industry highway safety grant
In its first year of operation, drew an astonished "I'll be
1964, nearly all the students ad- damned" from a top auto indus-
mitted were Detroit-area Negroes. try spokesman yesterday.
The program has now broadened ,
its appeal to wide areas of the Ford's unexpected comment ap-
state of Michigan, Marion noted. peared in an interview in Thurs-
Other cities now included in the day's Lansing State Journal. He
program comprise Jackson, Mus- cited the joint Auto Manufactur-
kegon, Grand Rapids, Kalama- ers-Ford-General Motors grant to
zoo, Battle Creek, Lansing, Pon- the University as an example of
tiac, Saginaw and Flint. Ford's activities for Michigan
"Some students did not qualify highway safety, but said he
for the program in all respects couldn't give a specific reason
by failing to complete financial why the grant hadgone to the
forms, failure to submit grades or University rather than to a school
take the College Board Examina- such as Michigan State University
tions," Marion said. "Because of --which has an existing safety
their unfamiliarity with the Uni- center.
versity admissions standards and Secretary of State James M.
procedures, many Negro students Hare attacked the auto industry
procdurs, anyNegr stdens Iafter the grant was announced for
failed to qualify," he added. "by-passing" the MSU unit for no
Out of 71 students originally ad- gy-rasn thereby forng
mitted to the program in 1964, 50 good reasonrandtheresyfor
returned to the University last a delay on research results for a

f
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rO'ect
Experts Visit
Prospective
Location

I

AN ARTISTS CONCEPTION of the planned 200
area in the foreground is the main accelerator,
Accelerator Laboratory and surrounding it are
EXCHANGE PROGRAM:
Students. To A

billion electron volt proton accelerator. The circular
one mile in diameter. In the center is the National
various support buildings and living units.

Ittend Tuskegee,

6

I

I
7

Wh

'I

wfall btc fp theseryeg, legislative program needednow.
yesterday that rallies in support of U.S. policy would be held fall, but of these one-third we He said the University would need
in nine American cities today. on academic probation, Marion re- three years to get its institute,,
vealed. announced Dec. 17, into opera-
'Successful' tio.
RESEARCH GRANT: However, "considering its aims Industry Silence Ends
and purposes, the program is a Aut dustr okesmen who
" " ( good one and successful," he said. At nutysoemn h
cientis W n To T alk Marndenied that the Univer- were silent on the controversy e:-
sity was attempting to specifically terday to answer questions, but
reduce the number of Negroes ad- still declined to discuss Hare's
WthComp uter Systems mitted to the program. He noted attack directly.
that the original plan for the proa The auto industry spokesman
gram stated that the scholarships Tedaytsaidu"thenpoesmnto
Iyesterday si«we w ett
By RICHARD CHARIN the highly successful MAD trans- were available to any financially si he nt
lator developed by the Computer and culturally disadvantaged st put no restrictions on the use of
By developing methods to allow Center. dents, regardless of race. the $10 million grant and had
human beings to hold conversa- Westervelt said, "The implemen- But, the original purpose of been impressed by the University's
tions with computers, the problem tation of the new languages is the the program, according to a state- "very fine" plan for the institute.'
solving ability of a modern com- primary objective of the two-year ment by former Vice-President for Harry Chesbrough, a Chrysler
puting system will be greatly ex- research. A number of terminal Academic Affairs Roger Heyns, Corp. vice-president, is chairman
panded. Many new mechanical devices of various kinds will be emphasized the special disadvan- of the corporate grants part of the
devices such as typewriter con- acquired and used in conjunction tage of the urban Negro student. University's $55 million fund-rais-
soles, graphical cathode ray tubes with the COMET languages to as- Seventy-one students were ad- ing drive, which Vice-President for '
and light pen displays have been sure that the new features have mitted to the program in 1964; 65, Research' Geoffrey Norman said
developed in recent years to make general applicability." last fall. The reduction in nu- Thursday was an important factor
possible this interaction between A new computer, the IBM Sys- ber of students admitted was due in the awarding of the grant. 1
man and machine. tem 360 Model, will be delivered to to increasing costs of educating Legislative Help Doubtful '
In order to use this new genera- the Computer Center in November, the students with the same The industry spokesman said'
tion of computers, however, it will 1966, and Westervelt indicated amount of money-approximately yesterday the industry is "still
also be necessary to develop a new that it would greatly augment all $90,000-available each year, working with Hare" on safety but'
generation of computer languages research being done there. The Financially Needy added "I don't think so" when3
and programs, which will be cap- new computer's increased capacity An increasing number of fi- asked if the industry had plans to
able of making maximum use of is based in large part on its nancially needy students from help subsidize research on the'
the new machine characteristics. "time-sharing" capability. other parts of Michigan have been legislative program for safety as
The University has received a Typewriter consoles will be plac- nominated for the program, Ivan Hare had requested in August. a
$1.3 million contract from the Ad- ed at various positions about cam- Parker, assistant director of finan- "We support the MSU traffic1
vanced Research Projects Agency pus, and could be used to "feed" cial aids, reported. safety center," the spokesman for
of the Defense Department to information into the computer Asked why fewer Negroes from the industry said. He said the
investigate this problem in depth, without it being necessary for the Detroit were awarded scholarships Auto Manufacturers Association;
and to develop a new set of com- user to be physically near the ma- this year, Parker contended "some had not given any grants to the
puter languages. chine. The system will make it of the people in Detroit are fright- unit, but added that while he
' lpa.iaa Innchih -fnr manonh stations ened of conmetition at the Uni- didn't know "exactly how much.",

This semester will mark the will last until June. The seven"
beginning of the second phase of students who will be attending
the exchange program between classes there are all girls:
Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, and Leora Berns
the University. Leora Berns, '68, a sociology
Seven University students, all major, is a member of Voice
from the literary college, will at- Political Party, the University
tend classes at Tuskegee this StdnIcnmcUin red
semester, following last semester's o NC n h Student EcnmiHnosFinds
Tuse- Io SO, n teStudentHusn
program which brought 12 Tuske- Committee. She sees the program
gee students to study here. as an opportunity to learn what
Those involved with the ex- it would be like to be in the
change have been disturbed by minority, one of a few white stu-
the lack of response to this pro- dents at a primarily Negro col-
gram at the University, compared lege. She said in her application,
to the enthusiastic response which "I have no illusions about being
it received at Tuskegee. an emissary of good will in the
According to John Feldkamp, Tuskegee program."
assistant to the vice-president for
student affairs and director of the Barbaranne Branca, '68, is ma-
program at the University, he had joring in psychology and litera-
planned to select 12 University ture, and is a member of the
students to go to Tuskegee this r University Players. She sees the
semester. program as a chance to increase
Only 12 Applied-
However, only 12 students ap- BULLETIN
plied for the program, and five
of them have dropped out sub- By The Associated Press
sequently.
When asked the reasons for this l The report of five senators,
apparent lack of interest, Feld- led by Majority Leader Mike
kamp said yesterday that at Mansfield (D-Mon) on their
Tuskegee this opportunity is spe- mission to Viet Nam was re-
cial and unusual, while at the " leased last night.
University it is one of many pro- "The situation," the report
grams. stated, "as it now appears, of-
am. predicted that "the fers only the very slim prospect
program will become better known of a just settlement by negotia-
as years go on,' and said that tions or the alternative pros-
the reports of the students who pect of a continuance of the
attend Tuskegee this semester, conflict in the direction of a
plus increased publicity next year general war on the Asian con-
should increase its popularity. tinent."

"her, understanrdjnL of

npeole

through contact with a new en-
vironment, a chance to "see a
different way of life, a different
way of perceiving and feeling."
Mary DeLano, '67, majoring in
social work, sees it as excellent
experience for her future career
in social work, which will help
her "step into the professional
world and be adept at relating to
a people whose society is .
foreign to me."
Laurel Harpst, '68, is majoring
in Far Eastern culture,, and looks
toward the program for an "ex-
pansion of outlook." Since she
has lived and studied only in the
Midwest, she feels the change of
region will be a broadening ex-
perience.
Carole Kaplan, '68, is majoring
in economics and is a reporter
for the Daily. She is participating
in the Tuskegee program to learn
about the effects of the Southern
Negro environment on the at-
titudes and outlooks of the stu-
dents.
She also feels that by attending
Tuskegee she may help the cause
of integration and understanding
between the Negro and white cul-
tures.
Jean Scott
Jean Scott, '68, a sociology
major, has been active in civil
rights groups and in the Tutorial
Project. An interest in "human
relations in general and the civil
rights movement in particular"
encouraged her to become involved
in the program, and she feels that

Ann Arbor Area May
Get World's Largest
Proton Accelerator
By WALLACE IMMEN
A team from the National
Academy of Sciences was assured
yesterday at a meeting on North
Campus that a site in Northfield
Township near Ann Arbor satis-
fies all requirements established
for selection of a location for the
world's largest proton accelerator.
The meeting was arranged to
give final information on the
merits of the ssite to the selection
committee making a final tour
after it announced earlier this
week that the number of possible
sites had been reduced for the
third time and that the Northfield
location is still being considered.
The investigators are taking one
more look at the remaining plots
before sending final decision to
the Atomic Energy Commission,
which is in charge of the program.
Accelerator
The installation being sought is
a 200 billion electron volt (BEV)
proton accelerator and high en-
ergy nuclear physics research fa-
cility. The mile-long, ring shaped
accelerator would speed protons
to near the speed of light to study
their constituent parts.
When bids were submitted last
year, the AEC listed the conditions
necessary for the location. North-
field was shown to meet all re-
quirements as professors from the
staff presented reports at yester-
day's meeting.
The first of these qualities was
good geologic structure of the
area, the land must be stable and
have the ability to support the
enormous weight of the equipment
and protective shielding.
Prof. William S. Housel of the
civil engineering department told
the committee that the area under
consideration is very suitable. Core
samples taken by a private com-
pany recently indicated the clay
underlying the site is of a "floury"
type which has a low water con-
tent and will not run in moist
weather or shink in dry periods,
and is "as good as one can get
outside of a rock foundation."
Size
The next problem was the
enormous size of the installation
which requires that at least 5000
acres be available. The state would
have to assure that the land be
set aside at a reasonable price.
The land set aside at Northfield
is now of sufficient size and only
two parcels are still in private
hands. The state has offered to
donate the acreage in an attempt
to offset the lure of large cash
bonuses some states have ex-
tended.
Other factors, such as accessi-
bility and a good water supply for
cooling are also offered by the site.

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