FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
PAGE . RE$
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1966 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE ThREI?
Soviets Say U.S. Flights
Violated Test Ban Treaty
GENEVA ()-The Soviet Union
charged yesterday that U.S. nu-
clear bomber flights violated the
1963 partial test ban treaty.
The United States dismissed the
charge as "false and mere pro-
Representatives of the two lead-
ing nuclear powers at the 17-
nation conference clashed when
a detailed nuclear nonproliferation
treaty came up for discussion.
Soviet delegate Semyon K.
Tsarapkin declared the crash of
an American nuclear bomber in
Spain last month was proof of
"a flagrant violation of interna-
tional law and of the 1963 Mos-
cow treaty." The treaty bans all
but underground nuclear tests.
Tsarapkin was reading from a
memorandum which Soviet For-
eign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Presidential
consultant Maxwell- D. Taylor said
yesterday a Communist picture of
"a determined United States back
home" is an essential ingredient
for American success in the Viet-
At the same time, Sen. William
Fulbright (D-Ark) said -he will
ask that Vice-President Hubert
H. Humphrey be called to testify
publicly before the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee upon Hum-
phrey's return from his tour of
A number of other members of
the committee, which resumed its
public hearings Wednesday on
U.S. involvement in the Viet Nam
war, are expected to back Ful-
However, unless public pressures
build up to a point at which the
administration concludes that it
would be prudent to comply, there
is no way that the committee can
compel a vice-president's appear-
ance-either in public session or
behind closed doors.
Observers could not immediate-
ly recall any instance in Ameri-
can history of a vice-president be-
ing cross-examined publicly by a
congressional committee during a
Taylor told the committee the
Communists are hoping that dis-
sension in Washington will 'help
them win in South Viet Nam.
However, Taylor said, the tide
of battle is turning in U.S. favor.
From midmorning until evening,
the former U.S. ambassador to
Saigon faced ° challengers and
champions of President Johnson's
Southeast Asian policy.
He said no one has come up with national bad guy or the interna-
a course better than the one the tional good guy on this? What's
administration is on. your opinion?"
Taylor said this is a limited Taylor replied, "I hope we're the
drive to end Communist aggres- international good guys. We cer-
sion and secure independence for tainly intend to be."
South Viet Nam. Long
And Taylor added as matters Long said the United States
now stand, he does not think the should fight wherever it is neces-
war will lead to a U.S. conflict sary-including Communist China
with Communist China. -if'that is what it takes to stem
When Sen. Wayne Morse (D- Communist aggression in Viet
Ore) told him that the military Nam.
struggle will one day be repudiat- "Is there going to be a major
ed by the American people, Tay- buildup of forces in South Viet
for snapped, "That, -of course, is Nam?" asked Sen. Stuart Syming-
good news to Hanoi, senator." ton (D-Mo).
Morse called that a militarisO Taylor answered, "I'm sure there
smear. Is going to be an increase beyond
Determination what we have now but I am not
Taylor said the Communists aware of any final decision as to
must be convinced of American what the increment will be."
determination at home, as well as Symington suggested expanded
on the battlefield. air assaults on military targets
"There must be a picture of a in the North.
determined United States back When Symington asked wheth-
home that's not going to be forced er Taylor would object "to us go-
off course," he said. ing after targets like power and
He said wavering in Paris led to petroleum in North Viet Nam,"
the French defeat in the Indo- Taylor said, "No sir, I think we
Chinese war 12 years ago-and the should, on a slowly increasing
Communists now hope "that the scale."
Viet Cong may be as fortunate in War Front
Washington." On the war front ,allied troops
Special Consultant swelled the count of enemy dead
Taylor, who said he now is "a in the two-week-old Operation
part-time special consultant t( White Wing to 1,028. Among the
Johnson," declared the war in Viet Cong were 37 of a 50-man
South Viet Nam is limited in ob- band that attacked a U.S. air
jectives, in forces and in aims. cavalry bivouac about dawn.
"I can't put any specific price i Briefing officers reported fur-
tag or numbers. tag on it," said ther air strikes against bridges
Taylor when asked again and and storage centers of Commu-
again for some forecast of future nist North Viet Nam.
U.S. troop strength there. The day's action centered large-
He added, "We obviously have ly in the Bong Son area.
not put in anything like the forces Armed with carbines and auto-
we have available." matic weapons, a Viet Cong pla-
'Bad or Good Guys?' toon attacked one unit of the
After Morse and Fulbright chal- U.S. 1st Cavalry, Airmobile, Di-
lenged the administration stand, vision just as it was preparing to
Senate Democratic whip Russell break overnight bivouac seven
B. Long of Louisiana tried putting miles southwest of Bong Son. The
the question in simple terms: cavalrymen loosed a storm of fire
"Do you think we're the inter- in response.
No Word of Peace
In Johnson Speech
handed to U.S. Ambassador Foy
Kohler on Wednesday.
The memorandum said the
flight violated the Moscow treaty
since "it is common knowledge
that the most important purpose
of this treaty was to prevent ra-
dioactive contamination of the
atmosphere, outer space and
"The southern coast of Spain
and adjacent sea areas have been
radioactively contaminated by
American nuclear weapons," the
U.S. authorities said the crash
of the bomber produced no harm-
When it came his turn to speak,
chief U.S. delegate William C.
Foster dismissed the Soviet
"One is led to wonder," he said,
"what purpose lies beyond the
repetitious and false allegations
about this incident and why the
Soviet delegate asked to be the
first speaker today just to read
a note delivered yesterday to my
government by the Soviet gov-
"Presumably, if the Soviet gov-
ernment had other than propa-
ganda in mind it would have
awaited a reply through diploma-
ATLANTIC CITY (ZP)-PresidentE
Johnson, in his latest defense of
administration Viet Nam policies,
at the convention of the American
Association of School Administra-
tors, has talked of eventual mili-
tary victory and, perhaps pointed-
ly, avoided all references to hopes
for a peaceful solution.
At no time during his discussion
of Viet Nam, interrupted several
times by applause, did Johnson use
the word "peace." Neither did he
mention any hope for a negotiated
This seemed significant inas-
much as all the presidential
statements on the subjects in re-
cent months have coupled af-
firmations of American determina-
tion on the military front with
expressions of hope for a peaceful
In an obvious response to critics
who claim this country's stake in
Southeast Asia does not warrant
war, Johnson said he came away
from his Honolulu conference with
leaders of South Viet Nam "con-
vinced that we cannot raise a
double standard to the world."
He }said: "We cannot hold free-
dom less dear in Asia than in
Europe or be less willing to sacri-
fice for men whose skin is a dif-
Adding that political and social
reforms in South Viet Nam must
beats the h COSt
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go hand in hand with military
action, Johnson asserted, "in other
words, while winning a war we
must get at the defects that
At another point, he said that
"unless this job is done a military
victory in South Viet Nam would
be no victory at all-only a brief
delay until the aggressor returns
to feed on the continuing misery
of the people."
Johnson said those who hate
war should not ignore the "stra-
tegy of terror" of the Viet Cong.
SEN. WAYNE MORSE (D-Ore.) speaking before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee yesterday
forecast that the American people will soon put aside the war in Viet Nam. His comments came after
testimony by Gen. Maxwell Taylor, former ambassador to Viet Nam, who called for national unity in
our policy in the war. Seated at the right is Sen. Albert Gore (D-Tenn.).
CONST RUCTION WORKERS:
Unions Reject Wirtz Plan for
Federal Contract Settlement
1115 S. UNIVERSITY
MIAMI BEACH (P)-AFL-CIO
construction unions, under White
House fire for "inflationary" wage
increases, rejected yesterday a
federal proposal aimed at limiting
President C. J. Haggerty of the'
AFL-CIO Construction and Build-
ing Trades Department said the
plan proposed secretly several
weeks ago by Secretary of Labor
W. Willard Wirtz was unanimously
slapped down by the presidents of
the 18 unions of the department,
representing some 3.5 million
"We unanimously agree that the
plan supported by Wirtz is un-
workable and we therefore are
unable to accept it," the union
chiefs said in a statement.
Whitt House Approval
Haggerty said he believed that
Wirtz had proposed the plan for
World News Roundup
By Tihe Associated Press
NEW DELHI-U.S. Vice-Presi-
dent Hubert H. Humphrey said
yesterday that India has been
granted a $100-million loan to buy
raw materials and spare parts to
get its faltering economy in gear.
This is the first U.S. loan to
India since Washington cut off
economic aid to India and Paki-
stan when the two neighbors
fought a war over the divided
Himalayan state of Kashmir last
Humphrey announced in Kara-
chi a $50-million loan to Pakistan.
TOKYO-Red China may ex-
plode a third atomic device within
a few months and test a hydrogen
bomb by fall at the earliest,
Japanese military experts reported
They said the Chinese are trying
to develop a three-ton atomic
bomb that can be carried in their
Iluyshin-28 light jet bombers.
In their report, the military men
said that judging by the level of
Chinese technology, Red China
also may have an intercontinental
ballistic missile already "within
* * *
NEW YORK-Alfred P. Sloan
Jr., the administrative genius who
guided General Motors Corp.
through the Depression and helped
make it the world's largest manu-
facturing enterprise, died yester-
day of a heart attack. He was 90.
* * *
VATICAN CITY-Pope Paul VI
yesterday reaffirmed meatless
Fridays as a rule of abstinence for
Roman Catholics but reduced the
fast days of Lent from 40 to two.
a n a t i o n a l labor-management
council to settle contract disputes
"with the White House's approval
Haggerty, who earlier charged
the government with using racial
discrimination proceedings against
the unions as a means of pressure
on the wage proposal, said he did
not know whether the unions could
expect further retaliation from
"We don't think retaliation is
justified," Haggerty said.
The Johnson administration, in-
creasingly concerned about infla-
tion, had singled out the construc-
tion industry for special criticism
of excessive wage and price in-
Haggerty said it was possible
that rejection of the plan could
cause stronger consideration by
the White House of mandatory
Haggerty and the 18 construc-
tion union presidents said they
would go along with such extra-
ordinary federal controls if they
were applied across the board to
wages, prices and profits.
But they said they could not go
along with a wage control pro-
posal applied only to them.
Although the Wirtz proposal did
not specifically mention compul-
sory settlements, limiting wage
demands, Haggerty said it would
have had that effect.
If you don't have a
you ain't "in."
(and you're probably a l wet too!)
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