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Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL LXXVI, No. 110 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1966 SEVEN CENTS
By WALLACE IMMEN tance by the time it
"clap" of sound to echo
Research being done here by a receiver after hitting
Prof. Peter Franken of the phys- object. The CAT radar,l
ics department may lead to an is optical radar, and uses
important breakthrough in the of light to do its measuring
safety guidance systems of mod- Severe Turbulence
ern, high-speed passenger planes. Two twin-engine plar
For the past year, Prof. Fran- been equipped with the
ken, a pioneer in LASER (Light and receiving units and hi
Amplification by Stimulated Emis- flown in regions of sever
sion of Radiation) research, has lence in many parts of t:
been attempting to detect and try to test the feasibilit:
evaluate the phenomena of clear concept and the equipmer
air turbulence (CAT), which a The effects of CAT &
plane may suddenly encounter in known to many air travel
flight. In some cases, this effect have experienced sudden'
can force a plane downward so in flight, spilling the cof
severely that even a very exper- were drinking onto the
ienced pilot cannot regain con- This, however, is only a n
trol. of the effect.
The research is with detection A more frightening exa
equipment working on the prin- what CAT can do is illust:
ciple of radar, which measures dis- the crash two years ago
jetliner after takeoff from Miami. ' urement to be made.
Official investigation placed the Laser radar, on the other hand,
cause as the inability of the pilot is effective because its wave
to regain control of his plane as lengths are comparable to the size
it encountered CAT in an appar- of the particles, and its energy
ently clear sky. Reports indicated can be reflected to a sensing de-
that the plane nose-dived thou- vice which can visually record the
sands of feet in seconds, reaching impulses on a screen.
a speed in excess of 600 miles The LASER principle was dis-
per hour before it crashed. covered only recently and the
Clear air turbulence is caused properties of this type of light are
by the fact that clear air really still being explored. So far, most
contains tiny dust and ice par- suggested applications are still in
ticles so minute in size that they the planning stage, but it prom-
cannot be detected with present ises to have many uses in mili-
weather data equipment. A con- tary and industrial equipment.
centration of these particles, Laser Radar
known as an aerosol, cannot be The laser radar device boosts'
detected with ordinary radar be- the energy to a powerful flash of a
cause the particles are much light and directs it in a thin but
smaller than the wave-length of powerful beam. In the case of.
sound. The radar waves pass laser radar ,this light is sent out
through the clouds instead of for less than a second at intervals
bouncing back to enable a meas- controlled by a precision switch.
This quick flash bounces offI
any particle concentrations in its
path and is reflected to the re-
ceiver which makes an evaluation
of the position of the aerosol. This
will give a pilot a warning of
where the areas of CAT are locat-
ed so he can avoid them in his
The importance of detecting
CAT is increasing as planes be-
come more aerodynamic and fly
at higher altitudes. With plans
now on the drawing boards for
planes which fly faster than the
speed of sound, which would be
impossible to control in such tur-
bulence, the need for a detection,
system becomes very apparent.
However, even though the num-
ber of reports of difficulties with
the effect are increasing, it has
been emphasized by physicists and
airline officials that the occur-
rence of CAT is not becoming more
prevalent, just more noticeable
as the number of flights increases
Much of the current investiga-
tion is based on findings from ex-
periments conducted by Prof.
Franken for an Ann Arbor firm,
Lear Siegler, Inc., which develop-
ed the radar system. This early
work tested the sensitivity of the
equipment by detecting the wake
of planes taking off and landing
near a major airport.
More than 1300 separate ex-
periments were performed in the
last series. Areas of storm activ-
ity over Oklahoma and Colorado
were the test sites.
Prof. Franken plans to do more
Iintensive studies this summer and
Ihas received support from many
diverse sources to continue the re-
By MICHAEL HEFFER 1
Gov. George Romney said last
night that the nation's strength1
lies in each individual "practicing;
Americanism"-insuring every cit-
izen has equal rights.
Keynoting "Promises To Keep,"j
a civil rights conference being
held at the University, Romney
urged students ot take up posi-
tions of leadership in the com-
munity struggle to break down all
barriers of discrimination.
Romney said he was encouraged
that the youth of the nation can.
"measure up to the challenge" of
repairing "damage which has oc-
curred because of the discrimina-
tion and neglect of generations
preceeding you." He felt that if
bigotry is successfully combatted
at home, the nation can show the
world what democracy has to offer.
as an alternative to Communism.
OVER 1300 TESTS have been made in this plane to test a
laser-beam radar system. The two appendages near the top on
both sides of the fuselage are the sending and receiving devices.
Visible in the cockpit is a portion of the equipment which
evaluates the data.
What's N e w
Cinema II completely sold out its first two performances last
night, of "The Lilies of the Field," in Aud. A, Angell Hall. Nearly
800 people attended the opening night film.
A spokesman for the group running Cinema II said, "The
response was beyond our expectations, and we were very sorry
that we were required to turn away many students. But con-
tinuation of such support will spell the success of Cinema II."
A new volunteer service project for University students and
other young adults who wish to assist in work and recreational
activities at the Boys Training School near Whitmore Lake. The
weekend program, running from Friday night through Sunday
noon, is sponsored by the Michigan area office of the American
Friends Service Committee.
The next, unit will be held the weekend of February 11-13
and is open to all interested persons, 18 years of age and older.
* * * *
Under a newly authorized program, the University will build
a house for Nu Sigma Nu medical fraternity, using funds donated
to the University for that purpose by friends and alumni of the
Construction will begin when 50 per cent of the cost has
been obtained in gifts. The facility will be leased to the fraternity
on a short-term basis so long as the group remains in good
standing as a student organization.
Spokesmen for both the University dormitory and library
systems reported yesterday that they have had no problems in
hiring enough part-time student employes.
Eugene Haun, director of University residence halls, said
there is still a small number of unfilled jobs at West Quadrangle,
but added that this is the only residence hall currently under-
Official sources reported last night that over $400 was col-
lected for the American Cancer Society at a dance held in the
Union Ballroom. The dance, sponsored by Alpha Epsilon Pi and
Chi Omega, was reportedly attended by over 950 people.
Reports have reached the Daily that two men's houses in
East Quadrangle have voted against the proposed merger of
Inter-Quadrangle Council and Assembly Association.
For the merger to become effective, two tlirds of both men's
and women's houses must favor it. Should seven other men's
houses vote against the merger, it would be blocked.
Lee Hornberger, president of IQC, commenting in reply to
the report said, "I believe that these two houses have made a
mistake. Careful examination of the merger constitution would
show that the new body, Inter House Assembly, would be a more
effective government than either IQC or Assembly. This would
particularily be true when voicing the students opinions before
The house presidents could not be reached for comment lastl
the University Republican Club. into one promotion line. The last speaker of the evening
Jackson told the audience, mainly If pay is used to determine .was John Feikens of the Michigan
college Republican leaders from promotions, Negroes will still be Civil Rights Commission. He ex-
throughout the state, that the two on the bottom of promotion lines plained how the commission works,
acts could not have been passed because they have been receiving and particularly emphasized state
without Republican support. less. If years of -service is the fair housing laws.
measurement of promotion, then The commission began in 1964
He noted that both acts have Negroes will move ahead of whites with a staff of 16 and a budget of
led to increased voting on the part who receive much more in salary. $90,000. Romney said he hoped
of southern Negroes. He said the This leads to much dissatisfaction. "to support it with an appropria-
Civil Rights Act has also led to 'Born Into Poverty' , tion of more than $950,000" this
"wholesale change" in public ac- "Despite g a i n s and break- I year.
commodations in the South. "I throughs, many Negroes are born Noting that this constitutes "an
tested public accommodations in into poverty" and cannot escape. unusually rapid expanse for any
the South and discovered that the There is still a great amount of public agency," Romney said the
Act has opened many new doors work to be done to aid these peo- money is "urgently needed to
to Negroes. It's doing a tremend- ple, he said. "Every Negro in I bring the commission up to full
ous job," America is making demands for a strength as quickly as possible."
'Tremendous Effect' better life. Romney felt the conference was
Jackson also had praise for the "It is imperative that you young important because he hoped it
United States Commission on Civil people seek the opportunity to would "represent another indica-
Rights, and the Community Rela- make contributions" to the field of tion that the Republican party is
tions Service, also included in the civil rights. "It is not enough to determined to reclaim its leader-
Act. The part of the Act dealing be concerned-you must have an ship as the party fully committed
with cancelling of federal grants active interest," he concluded. to equal rights for all."
and contracts because discrimina- Jackson pointed to the actions
tioni "has had tremendous effect," Both Jackson and Romney em- Jcsnpitdt h cin
especially in opening educational phasized open discussion of the of Ann Arbor and the state of
dors. ecivil rights issue as a necessary Michigan as exemplary of what
e EEOC was also established compliment to the passage of laws. should be done. "Our agency (the
Ar h-__9_fhedIRomney urged cities to pass ordi- EEOC) modeled many of its rules
L~IU1 UIC ''1 ±I A~1~~UOL~'. AULJ on Micdganldaw he s ru e
Praising youth for making the
civil rights struggle "their special
burden," Romney warned that the
task they will face as adults will
be "less dramatic but more dif-
ficult and delicate"-it will mean
using "influence in your everyday
activities in order to stave off so-
Yet Romney found much to
praise in work being done by
adults in Michigan. After praising
the "bold attack" of the state Civil
Rights Commission, Romney noted
that much of the state's work
against discrimination has been
possible because "leaders of both
parties agreed that the civil rights
issue was a moral one and not
This has led to "fair and pro-
gressive labor legislation," plus in-
creased unemployment benefits
and a minimum wage law," He
added that "state expenditures for
education at all levels have' in-
creased," as well as mental health,
and social welfare programs.
Civil Rights Legislation
Another speaker with praise for
legislation was Commissioner Sam-
uel Jackson of the Equal Employ-
ment Opportunity Commission
(EEOC), who praised the Civil
Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting
Rights Act of 1965. Jackson ex-
plained the implications of these
laws and what they have already
Jackson addressed the confer-
ence as the only Republican on the
EEOC. The civil rights meeting,
which ends today, is sponsored by
THREA TEND BY C
une er eivi g is ti. e-
gan functioning last June. Jack-
son noted that in the budgeting
of the EEOC only 2,000 discrim-
ination complaints were expected
each year. In seven months over
4,000 complaints have been re-
Jackson also noted that an
amendment to the Act had pro-
vided for dealing with complaints
about discrimination because of
sex. Twenty per cent of the com-
plaints have been about this, he
said. The men of the nation will
have to do some "painful rethink-
ing" about the status of women,
Walls of Discrimination
Over 85 per cent of the com-
plaints have come from the South.
Yet, "walls (of discrimination) are
crumbling," he said. He spoke of
a factory in the South where the
owner spent $300,000 to build walls
between white and Negro em-
ployes. It's going to cost $150,000
to take it down, said Jackson, but
it's coming down.
Jackson cited examples of areas
where complaints of discrimina-
tion have already been received
and situations rectified by the em-
ployment of Negroes.
The most difficult area to rid
of segregation barriers is that of
job promotions. Before now, pro-
motion "lines" have been based on
race. Now desegregation must call
for integrating Negroes and whites
nances on civil rights, but called
such action "relatively easy" when
compared to changing personal
beliefs - "Human beings change
"Government programs are sim-
ply not going to work unless they
are backed up by the positive
commitment of individuals and
private institutions as well."
on Mihigan laws," e said.
Commends Ann Arbor
He commended Ann Arbor cit-
izens for upholding the city coun-
cil's enactment of a fair housing
law in a referendum. This referen-
dum was tried in 20 states, yet it
passed only in Ann Arbor.Mich-
igan citizens "care for all Ameri-
cans," he said.
GOV. GEORGE ROMNEY is shown giving the keynote address
last night at the Civil Rights Conference, sponsored by the 'U'
Law Students Question Use of Facilities-
Governor's Appearance Raises Objections
By LAUREN BAHR
Associate Managing Editor
As a result of the appearance
of Gov. George Romney at the
Law Club lounge yesterday, sev-
eral law students have raised the
question of who has jurisdiction
over renting the lounge to out-
Romney appeared as part of a
conference on civil rights, "Prom-
ises to Keep" sponsored by the
University Young Republicans. All
those attending the conference
were charged three dollars to cover
the costs of bringing the speakers
to the University according to Lou
Ferrand, '67L, vice-chairman of
the conference. Law students of the Law Club the regulation of
wishing only to hear Romney were the use of "the guest rooms and
charged one dollar he added. other facilities of the club" is
The problem arose when several vested in the Board of Governors.
law students raised the question The Board of Governors is made
of whether they, as law students, up of a University Regent, two
should be charged to enter their law school faculty members, four
own lounge. "The Law Club is a practicing lawyers elected by the
private club and law students as Regents and two law students
members should not be charged to elected by the student body of
use its facilities," one irate law the Law School with the Chief
student who wished to remain Justice of the Michigan Supreme
anonymous said. Court and the President of the
Private Club University as ex officio members.
According to William Herman, Under present structure, and for
66L, one of the student represen- as long as most people can re-
tatives on the Board of Governors member, Director of the Law Club
"technically the Law Club is pri- Mrs. Margaret Langer has been
vate property." Under the bylaws responsible for granting permis-
Fears Artist's Future In Modern Society
sion for the use of the facilities
if so requestel by a Law Club
'The authority to regulate the
use of Law Club facilities is vested
in the Board of Governors under
the bylaws and as far as can be
ascertained there has been no
formal delegation of this power
to Mrs. Langer. "I'm not aware
of any written understanding
either way. There has always been
a tacit understanding that Mrs.
Langer would perform this job,"
In this particular case "a club
member came and asked if he
could use the facility and since
he was a club member I said yes,"
Mrs. Langer said. "I was not
exercising any power or authority.
I did it as I have always done it,"
The question was never brought
before the Board of Governors
after that. "We did not approve it.
It was never brought up to us,"
The duty to decide whether or
not law students should be charg-
ed to hear speakers in their own
lounge and who should be per-
mitted to use Law Club facilities
rests with the Board of Governors.
It appears that no definite policy
decision on the matter has ever
been made by the board. "I think
a policy decision should be made
at this point," Herman said.
"I think the Board of Governors
should decide who is to use the
Law Club lounge. It should be
someone who is in the position to
make policy rather than an em-
ploye," one of the protesting law
By DAVID KNOKE'
"We here in the United States
are approaching the last exit be-
fore entering the Great Society;
as we pass through the exit, what
lies ahead is a grim, depersonal-
ized computerization that will re-
duce the artist to the role of a
side-show freak, a whooping crane
Thus did Nat Hentoff, staff
writer and critic for the New
Yorker, characterize the problems
of "Individualism in the Arts and
Creative Process," the third lec-
ture of the University Activities
Center symposium on "The Future
of American Individualism."
Hunched on his elbows over his
notes, visibly fatigued from his
saying the hope of preventing an
Orwellian nightmare lay in a re-
distribution of power throughout
the social body.
"Folk rock is a sign of this dis-
sidence, with its electronic sounds
rebelling from earlier forms. The
Beatles, the Animals, the Rolling
Stones in Britain and Bob Dylan
in this country found a sound
which made visceral sense to them.
They have gone on ahead of white
blues, plunging into the city Ne-
gro sound, absorbing the outsiders
into their sub-culture.
"Since the Second World War,
the movement of the outsider into
popular music has made the pop
charts democratic and de-classed.
These singers still have the illu-
sion of mobility: more than in my
in the socio-economic system. We
must determine what are the
rights of the individual and how
they must be respected by the
Hentoff spoke of the growing
trend for American society, de-
spite the passage of civil rights
legislation, to divide into two dis-
tinct classes, a white, professional
governing caste and a black, un-
skilled working class.
Given these conditions, what
can be done?
Sense of Communality
"The artist needs a sense of
communality. If social power is
not redistributed to a greater num-
ber of people, that is, if the power
continues to be used to murder in
|the name of freedom as in Viet
strive actively to gain more than
token participation in decision-
making and to create a sense of
community between people within
the scope of their activities, ac-
cording to Hentoff.
Rear Guard Action
"I can't see individuality and
art functioning only in the rear
guard in a cyberneticized society
or in one going the way this one
is now," he said, turning to the
problems of occupations being
relevant to society's functionings.
Hentoff said that he saw little
hope that the present pattern of
centralization would be reversed,
and cited a hypothetical example
to demonstrate the potential face-
lessness of life in the computerized