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August 31, 1965 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1965-08-31

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, TUESDAY, AUGUST 31, 1965




Report Loophole in Rights Law

Special To The Daily
WASHINGTON-While Missis-
sippi school officials are working
to put the state in compliance
with the school desegregation
guidelines of the U. S. Office of
Education, officials here believe
that an obscure new Mississippi
law may be a subtle device to shut
out over 10,000 Negro children
from the state's schools.
And, what is .worse, according
to one Office of Education source,
"nobody in Washington or Missis-
sippi seems very concerned about
doing something about it."
The little-noticed law, which
deals primarily with vocational
education, contains a key "sleeper"
clause which could exclude many
Negroes from elementary and sec-
ondary schools, it is believed here.
Orphan Clause
The "sleeper" amends Missis-
sippi's education laws to insert a
clause requiring that no school
district can count an orphaned
child not in an orphans',home as
part of its daily attendance-or
enroll him-unless the orphan has
legal guardians living in the state.
The "sleeper" also *makes the
key stipulation that the guardians

can be considered guardians under
the new law only if they act as
such "by virtue of the death or
mental incapacity of said par-
This, Office of Education offi-
cials working in the state charge,
would exclude large numbers of
Negro children whose parents have
either abandoned them or have
left them with relatives while
they sought jobs in the North.
Strict Rulings
The state's attorney general has
also set strict rulings on proof
of death or mental incapacity of
a child's parents, and has stressed
that only these two instances
make a. child's. guardian a legal
guardian under terms of the new
Although the "sleeper" require-
ment says that. an'orphan with-
out a guardian under the new law
may be- counted as part of the
school's enrollment if he pays, or
has paid for him, the costs of his
tuition, "Nobody thinks that's go-
ing to help ,very many of these
kids," one Federal official said.
The yearly tuition costs range.
from $200-300, depending on the
school district.
A white ,Mississippi observer,.

long active in the civil rightss nobody seems to do anything more
movement, has sugglested that the than that," commented one dis-
requirement might be overlooked- gruntled Office field worker who
if the Negro children then went recently returned here from Mis-
to Negro schools rather than at- sissippi.
tending white schools. "They're overwhelmed with pro-
J. M. Tubb, head of the Mis- tests already," one observer sug-
sissippi department of education, gested, "and perhaps this has
said yesterday in a telephone in- slipped b them,"
terview that a "conservative" es- At the same time, however, local
timate of the number of children officials in Greenville, Mississippi,
affected was an "unverifiable" are reported to be making covert
7-10,000. arrangements to enroll the more
"When they say, 'Never,' they than 500 Negro orphans i their
mean it," one Office of Education school district-despite the state's
official remarked. lac.
Efforts Ignored a Infuriated
A fforts h m Igeoeh Manyofthe state's local school
At the same time,, however, the# superintendents are believed to
efforts of the Office of Educa- have been infuriated by thenew
tion staffers working in Mississippi requirement. Prior.tto its passage,
to have the new law challenged they had been told to enforce such
seem to have been ignored. a provision unofficially.
While the question could easily In Greenville, a "conspiracy"
be included in cases presently be- between the local school officials,
ing examined, according to one the courts, and the local bar has
Office source, this has not oc- been pressing ahead and ignoring
curred. the new law.
Efforts to persuade St. John How long that effort can con-
Barrett, key assistant to John tinue-and how long it will take
Doar, head of the Justice De- before the Justice Department and
partment's ..civil rights division, the Office of Education intervene A
and others have apparently been to challenge the state's law or he
fruitless. threaten to cut off education aid fr
"They all say, 'It's horrible,' but -are uncertain.-s

-Associated Press

-Associated Press

(LEFT): FLORIDA GOV. Haydon Burns is flanked by Conrad, left, and Cooper in welcoming ceremonies at Cape Kennedy. (Right)
Cooper checks out his spacecraft after coming aboard carrier Lake Champlain.
Cape Hails Astronauts, Readies New Shot

merica's new heroes caine back
ome yesterday, safe and sound,
om the cliff-hanging odyssey in
pace that won the praise not only
f the free world but of Com-
unist nations, too.

blastoff, however, until Cooper and
Conrad began battling equipment
troubles of such magnitude that
the world marveled at their cour-
age in carrying on.
They stuck it out until they
reached the goal set for them-

..v --_ _ ,. , _ _ ,.. _


ind icate Increase iniB52





Astronauts L. Gordon Cooper Jr. eight days in space, the time it
and Charles Conrad Jr.-the first takes to go to the moon, explore
men to qualify themselves for a it and return.
journey to the moon-hopped "We're glad to be getting back
happily out of a navy plane which to work, writing a report on the
brought them from the deck of flight-the good, the bad, the in-
the aircraft carrier Lake Cham- different," Cooper said.
plain. After brief statements, the as-
"It's great to be back on solid tronauts were hustled away to
ground," Cooper exulted as he begin their flight reviews and to
stepped out on the "skid strip" at under go exhaustive medical tests
Cape Kennedy, to be greeted by to determine if the long space
Florida's Gov. Haydon Burns and trek affected them in any way,
some 200 others. Good Condition

The spacecraft and Titan 2
rocket for the Gemini 6 launching 1
already are at Cape Kennedy,
being readied for an Oct. 25 fir-
The flight will last only two
days, so other troubles which
plagued Gemini 5 will not affect
it. Batteries for example, will re-
place the troublesome fuel cell
system for the shorter haul.
The 14-day Gemini 7 flight,
scheduled in December, may re-
quire some evaluation.
Fuel Cell Troubles
During eight days in space, the
Gemini 5 spacecraft had diffi-
culty with the fuel cell system,
control thrusters and 10 other
parts hat may have been affected
by the long trip.
When the space craft was first
up the heater letting the oxygen
and hydrogen combine did, not
work and the pressure in the fuel
cell began to drop suddenly. All
experiments were stopped in order'
to conserve pressure, however af-
ter 18 orbits the pressure leveled
off and began to climb.
"We'll have to look into these
areas, and we are hopeful of cor-
recting them to keep Gemini 7
on schedule," Mathews reported.
Gemini 7 is the only long-
duration flight remaining in the

Gemini program. The last five
will be rendezvous and docking
flights to perfect techniques for
later three-man Apollo moon
Complete in '66
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration plans to
complete the Gemini program
late next year. Considerationi Is
being given to using one of the
last flights to send a Gemini cap-
sule around the moon.
Early in 1967, the first Apollo
team will be hurled into earth or-
bit to practice for lunar landings.
"We're driving forward to go
to the moon in this decade," said
Dr. Robert Gilruth, head of the
Manned Spacecraft Center, after
the Gemini 5 recovery.
Possible Advance
The target for the first moon
trip is 1969, but continued suc-
cess, especially in the development
of the huge Saturn 5 booster
rocket, could advance the. date to
1968, some officials believe.
The Air Force last week received
$1.5 billion to develop a series of
five manned orbiting laboratories
which will orbit the earth as long
as 30 days, starting in 1967. The
two-man crews will determine if
man can play a useful military
role in space.

Indians Claim Victory Over
Trapped PaksaiIvdr

NEW DELHI, India (M)-India
cl'aimed a victory yesterday in
the Kashmir fighting but made no
mention of their 'primary target-
a pocket of supposedly encircled
There was no indication in New
Delhi whether the guerrillas-re-
ported in strength of 1,000 or
more-had slipped from a trap
the Indians tried to fashion inside
Pakistani territory in west-central
Indian troops seeking guerrillas
north of Srinagar, Kashmir, found
five decapitated bodies among
those killed Friday night, a;
spokesman said in Sringar yes-
He said he thought this had
been done by raiders in an effort

to conceal the identity of "im-
portant officers and leaders of the
Pakistani infiltrators."
'Complete Success'
Defense Minister Y. B. Chavan
told a cheering Parliament that
Indian'troops achieved 'complete
success in cleaning up operations
in the Uri sector and had captured,
substantial quantities of arms and
equipment. But he made no men-
tion of, any prisoners or casualties
suffered by either side.
Indians had attacked south
across the U.N. cease-fire line-
it was the third such large-scale
assault since Aug, 15-in an effort
to trap "Pakistani infiltrators"
allegedly massing in the so-called
Uri salient. The attack was

launched Thursday through heav-
ily wooded terrain at altitudes of
8,000 to 11,000 feet.
Route Closed
In 11,000-foot Haji Pir pass,
Indian troops dug in and Chavan
claimed they had thus closed one
of the primary routes for what he
called infiltrators sneaking into
Indian-held Kashmir to join the
guerrilla war there.
In Indian-held Kashmir itself,
only minor incidents were repoi't-
ed between Indian troops and
guerrilla bands that began fight-
ing there Aug. 5 in what turned
into one of the most serious con-
frontations between India and.
Pakistan since they became in-
dependent in 1947.

Constantine Hints at Coalition
After Greek Government Falls,

Report Fifth
Straight Day
Of Bom-bing
U.S. Officials Fear
Political Danger in
New Student Unrest
SAIGON. South Viet Nam VP)-
Signs pointed yesterday toward a
stepup by B-52 jet Stratofortresses
of the U.S. Strategic Air Com-
mand to daily raids in the war
against the Viet Cong.
Briefing officers disclosed the
Guam-based, eight-engine craft
staged saturation bombings in
South Viet Nam both Saturday
and Sunday, rounding out five
consecutive days of attacks.
That contrasted with raids
averaging about one a week by
the high-flying giants earlier in
the summer against Viet Cong
installations and suspected con-
Daily Raids
It is expected the increased role
for the B-52s will be stepped up
soon to the equivalent of one at-
tack every 24 hours, weather and
other factors permitting.
Though some people have been
skeptical of the results, military
men consider the raids are dam-
aging old strongholds of the Viet
Cong and cutting into morale of,
the Red guerrillas.;
Warehouses Hit
In related operations against
North Viet Nam, 55 planes of the
U.S. Navy and Air Force staged
15 missions Monday. Pilots said
several buildings were destroyed
at a warehouse area 120 miles
south of Hanoi and the nearby
Ban Lang Moi barracks. A spokes-
man said all the raiders returned.
Outposts Regained
In the grounud war, the Viet
Cong temporarily overran three
outposts in the Mekong River delta
south of Saigon and the central
highlands hamlet of Kom Som
Luh, in Kontum Province 265
miles north of Saigon. All were
later reoccupied by government
forces. Militiamen were reported
to have suffered heavy casualties
in two of the delta clashes.
Student Agitation
Meanwhile student agitators
have merged again on the Viet-
namese scene and U.S. authorities

day for
made a,

Great Day
g their return "'a g
Florida." Burns1
and Conrad theyl
lurge contribution to


advancement of- science and of
mankind. He presented each with
a plaque expressing "the appre-
ciation of the State of Florida."
The spacemen, dressed in Navy
blue coveralls and jaunty white
caps, were in jovial moods. Each
said lie felt "just great."
Their plane came in, at 200,
miles an hour, a snail's pace to!
the two men who had hurtled{
3,338.200 miles through space atI
17,500 miles an hour.
The plane came to a stop just
a little over two miles from Pad
19, where 'a Titan 2 rocket, after
the most perfect countdown on
the manned space program,
launched them Aug. 21 on their
dramatic and perilous eight-day
On this same pad, another rock-
et was erected Monday for Amer-
ica's next adventure aloft, the
Gemini 6 mission set for Oct. 25.
On this two-day flight, astronauts
Walter M. Schirra Jr. and Thomas
P. Stafford will make the first
effort to link up with another
orbiting satellite.
As Cooper returned, an oldtimer
in the space game with two flights
and 225 hours, 15 minutes underl
his belt, he spotted Lt. Col. John
Albert, Air Force Titan 2 launch
director, in the waiting crowd.
"That was a great launch,"
Cooper called out.
It wasn't long after the ideall

First checkups had indicated'
that they came through the ordeal
in excellent condition, proving all
that Americans need to go to the
moon and back is the vehicle.
As space officials assess the
flight of Gemini 5 they are push-
ing ahead with plans to launch
Gemini 6 in October.
The only possible holdup is
the radar system which astronauts
Schirra and Stafford will use in'
an attempt to rendezvous and
link up with another satellite.
The radar was carried by Gem-
ini 5 on a trial basis and caused
some concern when, at times, it
measured the angle but not the
'Not Serious'
Flight director Christopher C.
Kraft Jr. said he did not believe
the problems were serious.
"We feel that our flight data so
far shows us we can rendezvous
and we can go on with Gemini 6."
Gemini program director Charles
Mathews said, however, the radar
problems will bear looking into.
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ATHENS, Greece W) - Indica-
tion mounted yesterday that King
Constantine may try to form a
coalition government in an effort
to find a way out, of, Greece's poli-
tical crisis.
The 25-year-old monarch was
reported ready to appeal to all
political factions to help him now
that Parliament has brought down
the second government he tried to
form since thek crisis began July,
The 9-day government of Elias
Tsirimokos was defeated 159-135
in A, confidence vote Sunday.
Tsirimokos went to the royal pal-
ace Sunday night to hand in his
Another Attempt
After almost two hours with
the king, the 58-year-old Socialist
told newsmen Constantine would
once again try to form a govern-
ment out of Parliament's ranks.
Tsirimokos ┬žaid the next gov-
ernment would have to be ac-
cepted by all 300 members of
Parliament-indicating the king,
was contemplating a coalition re-
Such a plan might run into
opposition from former Premier

George Papandreou, 77-year-old
leader of the Center Union party
and chief antagonist of the king.
Opposes Coalition'
Papandreou has said he would
not accept any coalition unle"'..
he headed it and his party ran it.
Papandreou has played a key
role in the parliamentary' defeats
of both governments named by
Constantine since the king fired
him in a dispute over politics in
the army.
The ex-premier has been de-
manding new elections, confident
of an easy win at the polls. This
would be taken as a repudiation of
the king by the people.
'Treason Punished' {
Toasting the latest regime's
downfall with champagne, Papan-
dreou said: "Treason has been
punished." Tsirimokos and 37
other Center Union deputies had
broken from Papandreou's party
to form the government.
Tsirimokos said the king had
asked him to stay on as care-
taker premier until a solution is
Fear Riots
A police alert throughout Ath-
ens was expected to continue for

fear of renewed pro-Papandr ou
demonstrations. A student died
and more than 500 persons were;
hurt in riots in the past six weeks.j
The council presumably would
include those former premiers thel
king chose to invite. The question'
remained whether the 25-year-old;
king would summon former Pre-'
mier George Papandreou, 77. Pa-
pandreou, leader of the dominant
Center Union party, was ousted;
six weeks ago in a power struggle;
with Constantine over control of;
the Greek armed forces.
Eliminates Two
Sources close to Papandreou
said he would attend only if the
two men designated as premier
since Papandreou's ouster were
not present. They are Tsirimokos
and George Athanasiadis Novas,
both defectors from the Center
Union party who failed to win
parliamentary confidence votes
after the king picked them to form
new governments.
Papandreou, a fiery political
figure, has demanded national.
elections to end the government
crisis. He is confident he would
be swept back into power.








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August 31





World News Roundup


By The Associated Press
Michigan State Student has drop-
ped a formal charge of racial
discrimination against an East
Lansing realtor after reaching,
settlement outside of court.
William, M. Smith' Jr., of De-
troit told the Michigan Civil
Fights commission he was drop-
ping the suit after receiving $95
from a real estate. agent in re-
muneration fpr financial losses
incurred because of the delay in

can Radio Association,'

both AFL-

Rtatification could come by Wed-
nesday, with ships sailing the
following day.
M *
HAYNEVILLE, Ala.-Five Negro
pupils scheduled to attend newly
desegrated Hayneville High School
failed to appear for classes yes-
terday but the county's force of
special deputies showed up with
four Negroes on it.
Apparently the Negro pupils de-

Highway Patrol, not the much-
criticized Los Angeles force.
* * *
completed action today on a bill
to establish a department of hous-
ing and urban development as
part of President Johnson's pro-
grams for coping with the prob-
lems of cities.
A compromise of a measure pre-
viously passed by both branches
of Congress, the legislation now
goes to the House for approval

have expressed fear of a new poli-
tical upheaval.
South Viet Nam still is nursing
the wounds of previous political
battles in which the students suc-
cessfully participated.
Now the students have taken to
the streets again in the cities of
Hue and Da Nang, traditional
hotbeds of unrest. Saigon student
chapters have indicated they may
join in soon.
No Response
The Saigon government appears
unwilling, or unable, to do any-
thing about it.i
The agitation was touched off
by a government decree thatdmade
holders of baccalaureate degrees
under the age of 37 eligible for
drafting into the army.
Many of the professors at Vietl
Nam's universities fell under this
decree and. at their urging, theI

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