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FRIDAY,1X AUGUS~T.27, 1M6
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A Human Dynamo
Racial Crisis Threatens
By NEIL GILBRIDE A task force of officials of sev-
WASHINGTON P) - Johnson eral federal agencies worked on
WASHNGTN U) -Johsonit.
administration officials reported-
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By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL
WASHINGTON (P) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson probably
would flare up at the idea that
his is a one-man administration.
Yet perhaps as much as any man
who -has occupied the White
House, he is the government.
It is Johnson who has the pow-
er. And it is Johnson who ulti-
mately decides on all the major
and many minor moves on the
chessboard of domestic affairs
and foreign policy.
Whatever he is, Johnson has
come up with an amazing mass of
legislation to build what he calls
the Great Society. He says his
one overriding goal is lasting
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"Giving Morrill support for 57 years."
How does he operate?
This is a man who puts in many
a 16-hour day practicing persua-
sion and what he might call en-
lightenment. He bounces from
one chore to another in seeming-
ly tireless fashion: It helps,
though, to do it in shifts-there's
a midafternoon nap.
He consults. He seeks consen-
sus. He requests and receive ad-
vice. He schedules conference aft-
er conference-with members of
Congress, governors, mayors, lead-
ers in all sorts of fields - civil
rights, education, business, labor,
The President of the United
States has been known to con-
verse with officials or guests be-
hind a bathroom door, or in a
shack on one of his more remote
properties in the Texas hill coun-
As for those tales about his arm
twisting, he dismisses them as
fantasy. But he does some effec-
tive wheedling and needling, pref-
erably in face-to-face chats or
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a know-how and experience in
Congress and government un-
matched by any person who rose
to the presidency.
The power is based in part on
the dimensions of Johnson's 1964
No Democrat since Franklin D.
Roosevelt ran ahead of his par-
ty in a presidential race, as John-
son did last year. The victory was
accompanied by solid Democratic
majorities in Senate and House,
and gratitude to Johnson for
helping make things so.
Then, too, the landslide victory
was a landslide loss for Barry
Goldwater, the conservatives and
ly are taking a hard new look at}
a confidential report warning that
disintegrating Negro family life
threatens a nationwide racial cris-
The report, circulated widely
among top federal officials before
the Los Angeles riots, 'reportedly
has been getting increased atten-
tion since the trouble there.
The report, made available to
the Associated Press, says that
despite recent civil rights legisla-
tiob the social and economic
plight of most Negroes appears to
be getting worse instead of bet-
ter, particularly in big city ghet-
It says the root of the trouble
is that three centuries of slavery
and discrimination have robbed
the Negro male of his sense of
manhood, leading to a crumbling
"The very essence of the male
animal from the bantam rooster
to the four-star general is to
strut," the report said. But, his-
torically, their instincts of the
American Negro male have been
suppressed, it added.
"Indeed, in the 19th century
America, a particular type of ex-
aggerated male boastfulness be-
came almost a national style. Not
for the Negro male, the report
The report, prepared by the La-
bor Department's Office qt Policy
Planning and Research and dat-
ed last March, has not been made
public officially. The department
gave no reason for this. Nor does
it indicate whether it ever will
officially release the report.
President Lyndon B. Johnson
quoted extensively from it last
June, however, in announcing a
White House conference for.No-
vember aimed at helping Negroes
secure their rights.-
Johnson, in citing a breakdown
in Negro family structure, accept-
ed the basic premise of the report.
"For this, most of all, white
America must accept the responsi-
bility," he said. "It flows from
centuries of oppression and per-
secution of the Negro man. It
flows from the long years of deg-
radation a n d discrimination
which have attacked his dignity
and assaulted his ability to pro-
vide for his family."
Class if ieds
# uunnen lai
The report, still officially con-
fidential, goes much further than
depicting an alarming breakdown
among Negro families.
It describes current Negro un-
rest as no less important than the
showing that nearly 25 per cent
of all Negro births are illegiti-
mate, compared with about four
per cent for whites.
Similarly, about 25 per cent of
all married Negro women are di-
vorced or separated from their
husbands, compared with about
eight per cent for white women.
The report also contained a ra-
original American revolution and cial breakdown of armed forces
says it may be crucial to wheth- mental tests, showing that 56 per
er the nations of the world even- cent of Negroes fail it, compared
tually divide along color lines. with 15.4 per cent for whites.
"It is clear that what happens The armed forces test measures
in America is being taken as a 1 ability to perform at an accept-
sign of what can, or must hap- able level of competence for mil-
pen in the world at large," the re- itary life.
It called the Negro plight the
nation's most dangerous social
In documenting the breakdown
in Negro family structure, the re-
port cites government figures,
"It roughly measures ability
that ought to be found in an av-
erage seventh or eighth grade stu-
dent," the report said.
"A grown young man who can-
not pass this test is in trouble,"
por cies ornment s figure it+added
f . .
y}! :. :
rlf " '
on the telephone. a Republican party now wander-
And if Johnson bestows favors, ing along in disunity.
maybe he can ask favors. If he In addition, by most measuring
receives one, he never fails to fol- rods, Johnson has the weight of
low up with a word of apprecia- a large cross-section of public
tion. "That," says a member of support behind him.
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Congress, "I like."
Yet this President at other times
can be domineering and unforgiv-
ing; and he can ,resortto lan-
guage blistering enough and pro-
fane and earthy enough to make
an artillery sergeant shudder.
A staff he drives with an iron
hand gets the brunt of the John-
son anger at times and yet gives
him unswerving loyalty.
Reports got around that the
President once gave former press
secretary George E. Reedy a ver-
bal rawhiding, then gave him a
station wagon for Christmas.
Johnson is supposed to have ex-
"You never want to give a man
a present when he's up-you want
to do it when he's down.
The President not only has pow-
er over his staff. He has power,
period. It is a power backed by
guile, skill, downright ability, and
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Pomp and Circumstance
Nothing from the past equals
the drumbeat of presidential
statements, ceremonial p r o-
nouncements, speeches and news
From the White House now
come offerings of news items pre-
viously left to various depart-
ments-such as the number of
loans by the Farmers Home Ad-
ministration or statistics on what
the Justice Department's civil di-
vision has been doing.
From the movie theatre in the
White House east wing, Johnson
can command almost instant tel-
evision. The East Room also will
be equipped soon so television
cameras can center on the Presi-
dent on almost no notice. There
will be similar spots shortly in
the rose garden, at the north
and south porticos, and at the
entrance to the executive offices.
Then there are the bill sign-
ings, with speeches and ceremo-
nies and the business of using
dozens of pens and giving them to
the onlookers. Congressmen who
had a hand in pushing the bills
get both pens and praise.
The signing is the last stage.
Anywhere along the line-when a
bill is sent to Congress, clears a
subcommittee, a full committee,
Senate or House, and finally
achieves final passage-there is
likely to be a presidential state-
ment saluting the event as some-
thing of a landmark.
Now and again even the Presi-
dent gets expansive and carried
away a bit, to the point of talk-
ing the other day of trying to
"make this not just America the
beautiful, but the world the beau-,
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