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November 19, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-11-19

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State Department Confirms Reluctance

To End War

By CLARENCE FANTO last May, the U.S. was reluctant strong negotiating position because
to enter into serious negotiations. of frequent victories over gov-
The State Department has this At' the same time, it appeared ernment forces. Conversely, the
week confirmed what many offi- that North Viet Nam was, up to U.S. and South Viet Nam were in
cials had known privately for that time, willing to consider some the weakest possible bargaining
some time-that the United States form of bilateral discussions. position.
has been less than enthusiastic U.S. Rationale -The U.S. was in the midst
about the idea of negotiations to The reasons for U.S. opposi- of a bitter election campaign pit-
end the war in Viet Nam . tion to negotiations have been ting an ultra-conservative against
In fact, the net effect of state- summed 'up by State Department a moderate ideology. Negotiations
ments emanating from Washing- officials: prior to the 1964 election might
ton contradicts the administra- -The Saigon government was have led to Republican charges
tion's contention that the U.S. has in serious danger of collapse. that the U.S. was trying to "sell
consistently sought a means to- Moves toward peace negotiations out" its Saigon ally and allow
ward the conference table, only might have undermined its au- Communist elements to partici-
to be rebuffed again and again by thority and led to a general po- pate in an eventual coalition gov-
Hanoi and Peking. litical collapse in South Viet Nam. ernment, administration sources
It seems that, at least until --The Viet Cong were in a have reported.

The following peace bids from Johnson administration of a move
Hanoi have been confirmed during toward compromise just prior to

the past week:
Several weeks before the No-
vember, 1964 election, United Na-
tions Secretary-General U Thant
informed Washington that North
Viet Nam was willing to confer
with U.S. representatives at Ran-
goon, Burma.
The U.S. rejected this offer, a
State Department spokesman said,
because "all our indications were
that there was no serious intent
on the other side." The apparent

the election.
In May 1965, immediately fol-
lowing a four-day suspension of
U.S. bombings of North Viet Nam,
Hanoi made an approach through
French officials for talks "with-
out preconditions," according to
Paris news correspondent David
Schoenbrun. The U.S. rejected this
proposal, a State Department
spokesman said, because North
Viet Nam had put forth "unac-
ceptable conditions" for negotia-

motivation 'for the U.S
however, was the possi
political ramifications

S lent c
(Continued from Pa
The secrecy surrou
US. mission indicates.t
of the Viet Nam situat
two great powers. The
ion fears any attemp
an understanding with
States might be judged
by some other Commun
China Critica
Red China loudly i
the Kiemlin is sellin
world revolutionary m
concentrate on impro
conditions at home.

3. rejection, tions.y
ble adverse The State Department refer-
for the ence was to Hanoi's "four-point"
P~ld and Soviets*
)n Viet TalksI
age 1) around me, all over the place,"
he said. "We fought and fought
Lnding the for what seemed hours. But it was
he delicacy no good.
ion for the "I told what was left of my,
Soviet Un- men, and there weren't many, to
t to reach pull back if they could.
the United 54-50 Chance
d treachery "I told them they had a 50-50
list nations. chance of getting out.
L. "We started crawling away un-
nsists that der terribly intense fire. We crawl-
g out the ed 250 yards, then started run-
ovement to ning. I never ran so fast before.
ving living "We had to leave most of the
wonerr nennl hhinr thern wa

program which called for an end halt the conflict and press for gret that the U.S. had not re-
to American attacks on North Viet negotiations until the U.S. reaches sponded to the initiatives from
Nam, a return to the principles of a bargaining position of maxi- Hanoi.
the 1954 Geneva agreements whichj mum strength. The next day, the State De-
barred foreign troops on Vietna- Was Johnson Informed? partment confirmed Sevareid's
mese soil, and a political settle-! Another aspect of the diplomat- story but presented its list of
ment in the South "in accordance ic maneuvering over Viet Nam reasons why the U.S. felt it
with" the program of the Viet, which has been taking place since would have been unwise to re-
Cong's political arm, the National late 1964 was the irevelation that spond to North Viet Nam's ten-
Liberation Front. Secretary of State Dean Rusk re- tative bids for peace talks.
Ambiguous Points jected a North Vietnamese of.fer
e ami ig on ontendsto negotiate in August. 1964 with- Three Bids
The admiistration contends out informing President Johnson. The Sevareid article, combined
that the Hanoi program includes with State Department disclos-
a demand for immediate Ameri The administration has vigor- ures during the week confirm that
can withdrawal from South Viet ously sought to deny this story, Hanoi had issued at least three
Nam and the formation of a coali- which circulated through Wash- separate bids for peace negotia-
tion government which would in- ington Wednesday, but the im- tions within nine months-in Au-
clude elements of the National pression remains that the Presi- gust and October, 1964, and again
Liberation Front. However, there dent was not fully cognizant of in May ,1965.
is some ambiguity surrounding the the significance of HandA's 1964 There are fears in Washington
four-point program -specifically, proposal. (The August proposal now that the conflict may have
whether withdrawal of U.S. forces was not the same one rejected by! passed the point of no return as
would constitute a precondition for the administration two months la- far as negotiations are concern-
negotiations or would take place ter because of the imminence of ed-at least in the foreseeable fu-
after a negotiated settlement of the nation's election. ture. Washington has rejected re-
the conflict. 'Sensitive Antenna' cent suggestions that another ces-
There have been no reports of A State Department spokesman, sation in the bombing of North
any feelers for negotiations from denying that the President had Viet Nam might lead to renewed
Hanoi since May of this year. not been informed of the Hanoi interest by Hanoi in the prospects
Since then, American forces in proposal, commented that Rusk for a cease-fire and peace talks.
South Viet Nam have reached a has "a sensitive diplomatic an- The firce fighting during this
current total of 160,000 troops and tenna and would be able to rec- week, indications that regular
the Viet Cong have suffered heavy ognize whether or not a peace pro- forces of North Viet Nam are in-
losses. posal was sincere in intent." filtrating into the south at an in-
At the same time, it is not This week's controversy over creasing rate, and the announce-
clear whether Washington would. U.S. diplomatic actions was spark- ment that the U.S. will increase
be seriously interested in negotia- ed by the publication Monday of its troop strength in the area to
tions at this time, should that an article by CBS national cor- as high as 250,000 men by next
possibility arise. Officials have ar- respondent Eric Sevareid in Look spring cast a long shadow over the
gued that the U.S. and South Viet magazine. Sevareid reported that immediate prospects for reduced
Nam have been making increas- the late UN Ambassador Adlai fighting, an unofficial cease-fire
ingly significant military gains Stevenson had told him, several and heightened diplomatic moves
and that it would be unwise to days before his death, of his re- toward the conference table.

wvuaaucu ycvNta r catittu, uxacic waa
77 _-Q Rtih hnmhnro arm-ltPH m7Pr

-Associated Press

WOUNDED SURVIVORS of Ia Drang ambush waiting medical aid.

U.S. Missile Lead Reduced

u.b. B-off oomners woi~e overnothing else for it. But we tried
Communist positions in the hills to help some of them by crawl-
twice during the day. These were ing with them."
the fifth and sixth strikes by the A fleet of 38 U.S. Marine heli-
high-flying, eight-engine jets of copters flew a reinforced Vietna-
the Strategic Air Command in mese infantry battalion-perhapsj
support of the cavalry operation. 600 men-into :ction against Viet:
Other secrecy veils figures on Cong units that wiped out a gov-
American losses in specific actions. ernment post and overran the dis-
Casualties are grouped on a week- trict headquarters of Hiep Duc
ly basis, with totals announced!Wednesday.
in Saigon on Wednesdays. It re- d Heavy Fire
mains to be seen how American Communist fire was heavy in
losses this week will compare with that hilly area, 350 miles northeast
the record set Nov. 7-13, when 86 of Saigon, and two of the heli-
were killed in action and 230 copters were shot down. A dis-
wounded. patch from the scene said fight-
Strie fom Teesing was hard.
Survivors said the North Viet- Another Vietnamese reaction
namese, mostly well-armed and in force, seeking the Red raiders who
neat khaki uniforms, struck from made a morning attack on the
concealment in the trees and on Tan Hiep airstrip, was reported in
the ground. Among those who liv- heavy contact with a large Viet
ed through it were Staff Sgt.-.Mi Cong detachment in the Mekong
guel Seise of Augusta, Ga., and River delta.
Pfc. David Weed of Pittston, Me. The troops apparently had
"Oh God, it was horrible," caught up with the estimated two
Weed said. "Guys were crying. We guerrilla battalions that inflicted
had to leave them. Some were heavy casualties on Vietnamese
screaming.' defenders of the airstrip and de-
Seise said he was at the center stroyed or damaged five U.S. spot-
of the battalion when the Com- ter planes and 19 vehicles.
munists struck and "suddenly---
everyone around me was getting
hit and dying.
"I could hear screams all






LONDON {P) - The Institute
of Strategic Studies said yester-
day the Soviet Union now has
strategic nuclear missiles with far
greater killing power than any-
thing in the United States arsenal.
The institute also said, in its
annual review of world military
power, that the Russians reduced
I the American lead in numbers of
strategic missiles by 25 per cent
during 1965.
The institute is a private inter-
national center for research on
defense, world security and dis-
armament. It has an interna-
tional council drawn from 13
countries, with research associates
in Britain, Canada, West Ger-
many, India and the United
Paying Less than NATO
The review, published yesterday,
suggested the Warsaw Pact pow-
ers are paying a lot less money,

for their military power than the
Western alliance nations.
Meanwhile the United States
said yesterday it would withhold
a decision on participation in a.
world disarmament conference
until specific arrangements are
worked out, including those of
Red China's participation.
William C. Foster, the chief U.S.
disarmament negotiator, made
the statement in the U.N. General
Assembly's main Political Com-
mittee, where the Soviet Union
proposed the convening of a con-
ference by mid-1966 with Com-
munist China taking part.
Constructive Contribution
Foster declared the committee
ought to find out if Peking was
willing to attend and make a con-
structive contribution before ex-
tending any invitation.
He said that until detailed rec-
ommendations were drawn up on

organization, agenda, finances and
who should be invited the United
States must continue to reserve
its position on participation.
The institute said the Russians
now have an intercontinental bal-
listic missile with an estimated
warhead power of more than 30
megatons. A megaton is equal to
the explosive force of one million
tons of TNT.
The main weapons of the U.S.
strategic missile arsenal are the
Minuteman and the Polaris, both
of which have capacities of around
one megaton. There are also 54
Titan 2s with estimated warheads
of from five to 18 megatons.
The U.S. lead over the Soviet
Union, 4-1 in early 1965, was re-
duced to 3-1, the institute said, by
the scrapping of some obsolete
missiles, like the Atlas, and by a
40 per cent increase in Soviet op-
erational ICBMs.


- 7:30 - League Ballroom

Another UAC Activity


Read and
Use Daily


World News Rou

By The Associated Press
VATICAN CITY - The first
steps toward proclaiming saint-
hood for Popes John XXIII and
Pius XII were taken yesterday by
Pope Paul VI in a move that
momentarily stunned the hier-
archy of the Roman Catholic
Paul announced that he had or-
dered the start of beatification
process for both his immediate
predecessors. It was seen as a ges-
ture to balance the progressive
and conservative currents within
the Church .as Catholicism mov-
ed through the first prase of its
revolutionary aggiornamento-up-
* * *
LONDON-Prime Minister Har-1
old Wilson said yesterday he re-

gards as contemptible the at-
tempt by the white regime in
Dhodesia to remove Sir Humphrey
Gibbs as governor.'
Wilson told the House of Com-
mons Britain is ready to pay
Gibbs' salary if he wants it. Be-
fore Prime Minister Ian Smith
of Rhodesia stripped Gibbs of his
authority, the Rhodesian govern-
ment paid his salarybas represen-
tative of Queen Elizabeth II.
TOKYO-Red China said yes-
terday the vote that again ex-
cluded the Peking regime from
the United Nations was a ."heavy
blow" to Washington. The 47-47
tie vote Wednesday in a situationf
where a two-thirds majority 'was
needed was the most favorable
thus far for seating Red China.

Henry A. Wallace, former vice-
president and 1948 presidential.
candidate, died yesterday in a
Connecticut hospital at the age of
President Johnson praised Wal-'
lace for originality and sincerity
saying that "the death of Henry
A. Wallace stills an original Amer-
ican voice. He always spoke his,
mind-and always from a deep
sense of social justice. His views
may not always have been pop-
ular, but they were always sin-:

Featuring the "Fugitives
Sat., Nov. 20-9-1 A.M.
Michigan League Ballroom

50c per man



. . . . _f


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TONIGHT at 7 and 9 P.M.
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Di rected by David Lean

We're both delighted and honored to announce the inter-
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