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August 27, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-08-27

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Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom









By The Associated Press
Astronauts L. Gordon Cooper,
Jr. and Charles Conrad, Jr. yester-
day smashed the world space en-
durance record held by the Soviet
The Soviet record for a single
flight-broken by Gemini 5-was
119 hours, 'six minutes, set by
4 cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky in
June, 1963.
Before the day was out, the
United States had still another
record. At 1:01 p.m. (EST), tho.
U.S. astronaut corps had logged
more man hours in space than
all the Soviet cosmonauts. Cooper
and Conrad had 124 hours in Ge-
mini 5 at that point, putting the
American total over the Soviet log
of 507 hours, 16 minutes.

-Earlier, the hurtling capsule,
passed the two-million-mile mark,
nearly two-thirds of the way home
on the eight-day mission, at 3:13
a.m. EST.
The flight plan called for the
astrojiuats to make pictures of the
Arabian Peninsula, try to sight
new Apollo landmarks, and make
readings of heat radiating from
desert areas around the Arabian
The night was quiet with Coop-
er and Conrad spelling each other
for sleep periods.
Barely minutes after the record
was set on the 75th orbit, flight
director Christopheri C. Kraft
offered congratulations and ask-
ed: "How does it feel for the

United States to be a record hold-
er?" Cooper replied: "At last,
The Gemini 5 smashed two
Soviet records yesterday but some
photographic experiments had to
be curtailed because of fuel prob-
lems in the jet thrusters.
"There is no danger whatsoever
as the result of the thrusters be-
ing out," flight controller John
Hodge said.
Maneuvering Fuel
Hodge said 17 pounds of ma-
neuvering fuel is. aboard, and only
4.8 pounds are needed to slow the
spacecraft down so it can re-enter'
the earth's atmosphere.
So astronauts Cooper and Con-
rad continued to, float toward
their goal: an unprecedented 121

orbits and eight days in space.
At 2:40 p.m. EST they had com-
pleted 79 orbits.
Nagging Problems
However, several problems are
nagging the Gemini 5 spacecraft,
but the one that threatens to
terminate the flight a day early
is, in effect, a matter of plumbing.
It centers in the fuel-cell sys-
tem, which mixes hydrogen and
orygen to produce electricity to
power spacecraft systems.
A by-product of the hydrogen-
oxygen to produce electricity to
piped into a spherical tank for
Nearing Capacity
The problem is that the tank,
which can hold 139 pounds of
water, is nearing its capacity. If

it fills ip, the water will back up
into the fuel cell and drown it.
If that happens, it would no
longer produce power, and astro-
nauts Cooper and Conrad would
have to switch to their emergency
battery supply. The batteries have
a lifetime of about 40 hours, but
flight director Kraft said only
nine hours would be available for
orbital flight.
The remaining hours, he said,
are required as a safety margin
after the spacecraft returns to
earth. The batteries power radios,
flashing beacons and other re-
covery aids.
If the cells become inoperative
during a series of orbits where
prime recovery areas are not avail-

able, Gemini 5 would have to
land in the best available area
that can be reached within nine
Kraft said he was confident
that the cells would not flood be-
fore Baturday morning. Therefore,
the go-ahead was given for a
flight of at least 107 orbits. Kraft
said a decision would be made
during the 105th orbit, about 6
a.m. EST on Saturday, whether
to land in the 107th circuit or
to continue for the full eight days.
He said he still felt the flight
would go all the way.
Kraft reported ground control-
lers were unable to accurately
estimate the amount of water in
the tank. This was partly due to
a problem with the oxygen pres-

sure system which also threatened
termination of the flight on its
first day.
Computer Calculations
However, computer calculations
indicate the tank was nearing its
nrota nar~nit

water capacity.
To slow down1
of water, Cooper&
directed to shut
two fuel cells.
Operating at
they shut down

the manufacture
and Conrad were
off one of their
reduced power,
all but essential

and 4.8 pounds of that will be
n'eeded for returning to earth.
So the Mission Control 'Center
told the pilots not to use any fuel
and to merely drift through space.
This forced cancellation of photo-
graphic, weather observation and
other experiments which require
aiming the spacecraft.
Thus, Cooper and Conrad are
doing very little but sleeping, eat-
ing and communicating with the
ground as they attempt to do
everything possible to complete
eight days in space.
Kraft said this is important be-
cause this is the time planned for
the first U.S. manned lunar land-
ing and will provide medical men
with valuable data.

Dwindling Supply
A problem with a control jet
and a fast-dwindling supply of
maneuvering fuel further curtail-
ed the astronauts' activity. The
fuel supply .dropped to 17 pounds,

Name VanWylen
To Engine School
As Newest Dean,

Prof. Gordon Van Wylen was
named dean of the College of En-
gineering this week, succeeding
the late Stephen S. Atwood, who
died June 7, three weeks before he
was scheduled to retire.
Commenting 'last night on his
new position as dean, Van Wylen
expressed optimism, pointing out
that "We have a very strong de-
partment and an excellent fac-
ulty. I have a very easy job ahead
of me."
However, he expressed the need
for a fully united faculty, with an
effective mechanism for interac-
Areas of Potential3
Van Wylen pointed to two areas
which offer tremendous potential
to engineering education, and
which.he will try to implement.
The first area is the need for
a more effective way of prepar-
ing engineers to utilize a strong
scientific and technical education
required to meet the demands of
He also indicated a desire to
have the engineering college mov-
ed to its now location in North
Campus as soon as possible. The
new Chrysler Center for Contin-
uing Engineering education to be
built in North Campus will serve
to make the total planning more
rapid, Van Wylen said.
Appointment Approved
Van Wylen's appointment Wed-
nesday was approved by the Re-
gents in a telephone vote.
Known widely for his work in
thermodynamics, the science of
the effects and relations of heat
flow, Van Wylen's textbook,
"Thermodynamics," is in use at

more than 150 engineering col-
leges in the United States and
He has served industry and the
federal government in various ca-
pacities concerning his specialty.
Currently he is a consultant to
the Office of Institutionlal Pro-
grams of the National Science
Genuine Leadership
In announcing the appointment,
Executive Vice-President Marvin
L. Niehuss said: "Dr. Van Wylen
has demonstrated genuine lead-
ership as a department chairman.
He is outstanding both as a schol-
ar and a teacher, and he has the
enthusiastic endorsement of his
associates in the College of Engi-
Van W ylen is a member of en-
gineering societies, as well as being
active in University affairs, in-
cluding the .Senate Advisory Com-
mittee on University . Affairs. He
has worked on a number of re-
search projects supported by the
Michigan Memorial Phoenix Proj-
ect, the National Science Founda-
tion and the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration.
Joining the faculty of the Uni-
versity in 1951 as assistant profes-
sor of mechanical engineering,
Van Wylen quickly rose to profes-
sor and in 1958 became chairman
of the department of mechanical
Before joining the University
faculty, Dr. Van Wylen served as
an industrial engineer for the E. I.
Du Pont Co., in Wilmington, Del.,
1942-42; as an instructor at Pan-
sylvania Sta'te College, 1946-48;
and as a research assistant at
Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology, 1950-51.

Bingley Quits1
OSA Position
Cutler Picks Former
Deani of Oakland U.,
ISells, To Replace Him
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs Richard Cutler yesterday
announced the resignation of John
Bingley as director of student ac-
tivities and organizations. At the
same time, Cutler named J. Dun-
can Sells director of student or-
ganizations, effective immediately.
Bingley was associated with the
University for 25 years and work-
ed in the Office of Student Af-
fairs since 1954. According to his
letter of resignation, he has taken
a position at Farmington State
College in Maine, near his home.
Many Roles
For the past several years, Bing-
ley has been involved with stu-
dents as counselor - disciplinarian
and advisor to student organi-
zations. Cutler said that Sells will
assume most of Bingley's former
duties, but that most counseling
work will soon be shifted to a new
office of counseling, also under
Cutler's auspices. He explained
that this will reduce the heavy
work load of the director of stu-
dent organizations, thus giving
him time to spend on long range
planning and general policy mat-
ters-something which numerous
daily tasks have often made im-
possible in the past.,
The counseling office, still with-
out a director, was established. last
summer when Cutler reorganized
his office's administrative struc-
ture. Had Bingley remained at the
University, Cutler said, he would
have been involved primarily in
the new counseling division.
"Dr. Bingley is well respected
by the students and has a special
knack for discipline and counsel-
ing," Cutler remarked. "He show-
ed admirable dedication in exe-
cuting a truly backbreaking job"
He added that the resignation
was unexpected and said "when
someone of Dr. Bingley's exper-
ience and sensitivity resigns, it is
bound to leave a hole in the
Before being appointed director
of student activities and organi-
zations, Bingley served as assistant
dean of men and, earlier in his
career, as a lecturer in the history!
From Oakland
Sells comes to the University
from Oakland University in Ro-
chester, Mich., where he just re-
signed as associate dean of the
university. Previously, he had
been dean of students at Oakland
and director of financial aids at
Cornell University. Sells became
involved with the University this
summer when he did some work
as a special assistant to Cutler.
What They Want
"My first task is to establish
communications with the students
to find out what they are like and
what they want in the way of
activities," Sells commented yes-
terday. "Then my office can take
a really active part in guiding
students in their extracurricular
Sells said he believed in student
independence with responsibility
and is disturbed by situations in



tra Students


South Quad
Hit, worst by
New Influx
Converted Rooms To
House Students; Haun
Sees Relief Ahead
University residence halls are
currently overcrowded by 440 stu-
dents, Director of Residence Halls
Eugene Haun disdosed yesterday.
The number is being decreased,
Haun added, and there has been
no temporary housing for. stu-
dents, unlike last year. There are
currently 7,620 students in the
residence hall system, which is
built for 7,180 under normal con-
ditions. The number above normal
is being handled through con-
verted rooms: doubles originally
designed as singles, and triples
designed as doubles.
The highest numbers of over-
crowding have occured this year
at South Quadrangle, overcrowded
by 171 persons, and Stockwell
Hall, with an excess of 101 women.
However there are current vacan-
cies in Oxford Co-Op housing,
Haun said.
Overcrowding Decreased
Overcrowding is being reduced
as the residence halls system
plans transfers made possible by
students breaking contracts or
not ariving at the University.
Haun said that this occurs fre-
quently enough to facilitate a
sizeable decrease in overcrowding.
Haun also expected a signifi-
cant number of vacancies at the
start of the winter semester, when
students will leave the ,University
after one semester.
The residence halls 'are cur-
rently in a state of "freeze,"
whereby only the Office of Resi-
dence Halls can make changes in
placement. After the freeze,
around September 4, students will
be able to apply for housing
changes with the associate kd-
visors of their houses.
Improved Dorm Situation
The dormitory situation this
fall shows significant improve-
ment over last year, Haun said.
When, in January, it appeared
that the dormitory system would
be overcrowded by about one
thousand, the Office of Residence
Halls purchased and installed
furnishings for several hundred
students. "We would not be caught
unprepared for an increase in
students two years in a row,"
Haun said.
As overcrowding is decreased,
extra furniture will be moved out
of the converted rooms as they
are returned to normal occupancy.
. Converted rooms will have the
fee value they rate after con-
Temporary Housing.
Last year in September, 460
students were placed in temporary

'U' FuH aDrive Now
Near Halfway Mark

DOUBLED SINGLES are a way of life in Green House of East Quadrangle and reflects the overcrowded housing conditions at the Uni-
versity. About 140 men are currently living there where 100 lived last year in Greene House. There are 440 "extra students" this semes-
Smith Invites Freshmen To Explore U
.Urges Students Define Education Values

The University's fund drive is
nearing the half way mark, with
$23.2 million collected to date
and sights still set at $55 million
for the 1967 University sesquicen-
To date the largest contribution
has been $6 million from the
Charles Stewart Mott Foundation
of Flint for the construction of
a 200-bed children's hospital.
The first major corporate gift
was $1.3 million from Chrysler for
the establishment of the Chrysler
Center for Continuing Engineering
Education, to be located on North
The contribution campaign is
not restricted solely to alumni, but
extends to individuals considered
"friends of the university" as well
as corporations and foundations.
The magnitude of this program
is the greatest ever attempted by
a tax-assisted university and is
comparable to the recent multi-
million dollar campaigns under-

The University's program is or-
ganized on a national level with
regional offices, staffed by pro-
fessional fund-raisers, in New
York, Cleveland, Chicago, Detroit,
Ann Arbor, Grand Rapids, Flint,
and San Francisco. University Re-
gent Paul Goebel is serving as the
national chairman with 34 alumni
assisting as area chairmen and,
hopefully, 5000 participating vol-
The money raised will support
educational, research and cultural
facilities that are not normally
provided by a state government.
About 45 per cent of the exist-
ing physical plant at the Univer-
sity is' the result of private con-
Campaign funds are to be used
for such projects as endowe f pro-
fessorships, increased student aid,
a new international center, a
graduate library, a concert hall,
an institute of foreign and com-
parative law, and renovation of
Hill Auditorium.
President Hatcher explained, in

Allan F. Smith, who will replace
Roger Heyns as Vice-President for
Academic Affairs September 1,
gave the official welcoming speech
to the class of '69 at Hill Audi-'
torium last night.
Smith's speech was the annual
President's address to freshmen.
University President Harlan
Hatcher is presently touring the
Far East.
"You are the central focus of
the University not as a body, but
as individuals," Smith told the
class. He urged them to consider
the University as "a resource to be
sampled and explored as the
means to a fruitful reconciliation
to your place in society."
He reminded the students that
they are not at school only to be
educated but to live at the Uni-
versity, enjoying life in the rich

understanding," he added. Wheth-
er the student has an open mind
or not will be determined by his
definition of education, he said.
He said that students must seek
their own answers, and it is nor-
mal when these answers change
through the years. Smith urged
the class to be aware that "we live
in a rapidly changing world."
"Your education must not be
confined to a mastery of facts but

Education must be a means of
relating learning to society and
intellectual skills must be de-
veloped to deal with the changing
world., he said. If, when the stu-
dent has left the University he
cannot adapt himself to change,
then either the school or the in-
dividual has failed, he added.
Smith expressed concern that in
the United States, "a magnificent
example of production and techni-

cal knowledge, we have not kept
up pace in handling human re-
lations." He said everyday "the
newspapers have grim reminders
that man is still killing man, ten-
sion and fear of 'war still exist,
and the instruments of war are
still being produced."
"There is' an urgent need to im-
prove human relations," Smith
emphasized. He called on the class
of 1969 "not to let this urgent
need go unrealized."

Book Store Has Busy Opening
9OOeR Snn

Editorial Director
Yesterday was the first day of
business for the Student Book
Service-a new discount book stdre

books and came to the store thanI
had been expected. "We just
weren't prepared for that kind of
volume," Prof. Fred Shure, who
was instrumental in planning the
whole operation. said.

this job than at other student
jobs - will provide most of the
management skills -and effort for
the store;
--Books sold will be mostly for




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