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October 29, 1965 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-10-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Seventty-Sixth Year
DITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

Ii

Letters: Pro and Con on

The Daily

WheTruth Will Prevailree.

NEws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1965 NIGHT EDITOR: CLARENCE FANTO

The States Must Attack
Causes Effects of Crime

EACH YEAR throughout the United
States, thousands of innocent people
are left destitute, their homes ruined,
their property damaged, or their lives
lost because they are the unfortunate vic-
tims of malicious crimes. Thus far only
one state, California, has taken the ap-
propriate steps to initiate the desperate-
ly-needed policy of state aid to the vic-
tims of crime.
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover recently
pointed out that in the last year, the
number of murders in the U.S. increas-
ed by 9 per cent, assaults 18 per cent,
burglary and !larceny 13 per cent,
The time has come for state govern-
ments to take action on the behalf of
those citizens who are the victims. Every
year the ives of more and more inno-
cent people are marred by immeasurable
hardship and sorrow because of property
losses or physical harm.
MSU Withdraws
From NS
AMistake
MICHIGAN State University's move to
withdraw from the National Student
Association is unfortunate for the school
and its student body.
NSA is dedicated to increasing com-
munications between universities, spon-
soring international student travel and
providing a national forum for studerts'
views.
Jim Sink,, one of the members of the
MSU Representatives Associated Students
who voted for the withdrawal, said that
"the political views maintained by NSA
were not representative of the uriver-
sity.' NSA is a democratic representative
organization. Such organizations need in-
ternal dissent, to remain viable, and the
fact that the' views of MSU are not cur-
'ently held by the majority of represen-
tatives is not sufficient grounds for it to
leave the association.
The student government at MSU is of
course free to disagree and disagree vig-
orously with the actions of NSA. A more
reasonable move than secession would be
an attempt at reform from within.
STATE'S WITHDRAWAL, if intended as
a tactical move to force reform of
NSA, is not likely to be effective. So far
this year, six schools have joined NSA,
while only two have left. It would take
defection on a much larger scale than
this to effect any changes
Oink also charged that the services
provided by NSA are not pf value to eith-
er MSU's students or their government.
While these services, such as the inter-
national student travel program, may not
be essential, they do help to provide for
necessary communication b e t w e e n
schools.
Michigan State's move - tactically un-
wise and pragmatically unsound - will
only isolate it from the national college
community.
-STEVE WILDSTROM
Subscription rate $4.50 semester by carrier t$5 by
mail); $8 yearly by carrier ($9 by mail.
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich.

True, insurance is available which will
give adequate compensation to those in-
dividuals who have taken out the neces-
sary policies, but the price for such se-
curity is often too high for the citizen
living in an impoverished area to afford.
A VICIOUS CYCLE results, since the
man who lives in Harlem or the South
Side of Chicago needs this protection
the most for his wife and family. Crime
rates are exceptionally high in these
areas, 'where a large percentage of the
population is unemployed and poor. The
people who need the protection the most
often cannot afford the expensive insur-
ance rates.
It is the responsibility of state govern-
ments to provide aid for innocent vic-
tims whose entire means 'of livelihood and
hope for the future could be destroyed if
external assistance does not become
available.
Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New
York recently recognized this need when
he said, "It is time we give assistance to
the innocent victims for whom there is
currently no aid or rehabilitation," and
appointed a state committee to study the
possibilities of proposing a bill for this
purpose.
Both Great Britain and New Zealand'
have recently initiated programs which
give federal assistance to those who have
suffered from crimes. New Zealand pro-
vides a list of injuries with correspond-
ing compensations, while England does
not use a specific list. The State Welfare
Department of California controls the
distribution of payments there.
STATE ALLOCATION of aid should be
only one aspect of a broader nation-
wide program designed to eradicate the
increasing rate of crime. The statistics
prove that measures in the past have not
been effective enough.
Local police departments need more
financial support if they are to combat
crime in the cities. More effective pro-
grams of rehabilitation must be initiated
in prisons so that they will become more
oriented toward correction than toward
punishment.'
Along with these measures, which
could be put into effect immediately,
more support must be given to long term
projects which could reduce the phe-
nomenon of individuals turning to crime
as a solution to poverty. Adequate educa-
tional facilities in poor areas, counselors
specially trained to understand the prob-
lems which arise in poverty stricken dis-
tricts, and construction of more low rent
housing could help reduce the crime rate.
America will not become the "Great
Society" that President Johnson envisions
if its population is plagued with'the fear
of brutal crimes. Nor will Johnson's "war
on poverty" have much significance if
those living in already impoverished
areas are allowed to bear increased hard-
ships imposed upon them by crime.
T SHOULD NOW BE the task of every
state government to follow the exam-
ples of California and New York in ini-
tiating a vigorous program against both
the causes and the harmful results of
crime.
-RUTH FEUERSTEIN

To the Editor:
AS THE PARENT of a Univer-
sity student I strongly protest
the recent character assassination
by innuendo of Regent Eugene
Power, whose efforts to preserve
and expand intellectual growth
and freedom in this community
are unequaled.
One wonders if Regent Power
finds comfort in the knowledge
that men of stature and conse-
quence are always "shot in the
back." And Ann Arbor now has
the questionable distinction of
claiming for its own a pint-sized,
half-baked Lee Harvey Oswald in
brash young Daily reporter Roger
Rapoport.
-Mrs. Jack S. Newby
'U' Family?
To the Editor:
H AVING HAD seventeen years
of experience in raising funds
for a college, perhaps I am quali-
fied to observe that the best way
to launch a campaign for $55,-
000,000 to get money for a badly
needed theatre and other re-
sources for the benefit of students
is for one portion of the Univer-
sity family to cultivate its best,
friends while simultaneously an-
other member of the family kicks
those friends in the teeth.
-Algo D. Henderson
Answers To Give?
To the Editor:
CONGRATULATIONS on Roger
Rapoport's recent article and
editorial on the relationship be-
tween UMI and the University.
Seemingly, Rapoport has research-
ed thoroughly and offered the re-
sults of that research with com-
mendable clarity and restraint.

I hope that he and The Daily
will pursue this matter to the end
and will not be frightened or dis-
couraged from such pursuit. This
University has some answers to
give, and The Daily should keep
prodding until such answers are
forthcoming.
-Prof. Edward Shafter
College of Engineering
Individual Dissent
To the Editor:
S TANLEY NADEL'S picture was
in the Oct. 28 issue of the De-
troit Fre Press, and it points out
a very serious failing on the part
of the University. Mr. Nadel can
make use of the Fishbowl or the
Diag; he can collect money; he
can make posters and have them
distributed on campus.
Why? Because Mr. Nadel has a
student organization. It doesn't
matter how many people are in
his organization or whether it
was merely organized to take ad-
vantage of these benefits. He has
their use.
I disagree very strongly with Mr.
Nadel's views on Viet Nam. But I
can't make use of the Fishbowl
or the Diag. I can't make posters,
I can't collect money.
Why not? Because I don't have
an organization. As an individual,
I wish to support our government
policies; I wish to protest the
protestors. But I can't. I am forc-
ed by University regulations to
either form or join a student or-
ganization. Only then can I get
the same privileges that Stanley
Nadel has.
THIS WOULD be reasonable
were it not for the fact that I
don't want to join an organiza-
tion-I want to protest Stanley
Nadel's protests and I want to

The Viet Protests:
Dissent in Streets

By WALTER LIPPMANN
WHILE THE STUDENT demon-
strations are quite evidently
self defeating, they aye, it seems
to me, a pathetic reminder' of what
happens in a free country when
responsible debate on great mat-
ters of life and death is throttled
down and discouraged.
The unhappy youths who burn
their draft cards are ; no doubt
misguided. But we must not for-
get that they come from a nation
which expects to understand what
its government is doing, from a
nation which is not habituated to
obedience and to the idea that it
must listen to its superiors and
not talk back.
THERE IS only one way that a
democratic people can be won
over and convinced, and that is
by enabling this people to hear
informed debate by its'responsible
leaders. These young people have.
a very high personal stake in the
Iconduct of foreign policy, a much
higher stake than the rest of us.
Yet, the fact of the matter is
that during the past year-from
the election of 1964 to the present
time-there has beenha radical
change of policy for the war in
Viet Nam.
It has occurred without serious,
thorough informing and candid
discussion and responsible debate
in Washington. That is why there
have been the teach ins. They
have been attempts by educated,
but not fully informed teachers
to fill the void left by the absence
of official debate. ,
And from the teach ins, which
could not and did not provide a
substitute for responsible debate,
a few handfuls of young men, some
especially foolish and some es-
pecially brave, have gone out into
the streets.
IT MAY BE SAID that there
has been no suppression of free-
dom of speech, which is indeed

true. Nevertheless, the fact is
that debate has been shut down
to an inadequate minimum in the
Senate, and it is only in the Sen-
ate that some men outside the
executive branch have access to all
authentic information.
It is the shutting down of debate
in the Senate which is at the root
of our uneasiness.
The President has not concealed
his desire to conduct his foreign
policy in Viet Nam and in the
Dominican Republic without gen-
uine senatorial debate. He has
achieved his desire by adopting a
foreign policy which the Repub-
lican opposition cannot criticize,
and then, with his real opposition
confined to the leaders of his own
party, he has silenced them in
personal argument.
THE MAIN TECHNIQUE em-
ployed has been to substitute pri-
vate Presidential briefing of in-
dividual congresmen and journal-
ists for open debate by indepen-
dent men. There briefings have
not truly illuminated the subjec,.
For one thing, they are not on
the public record. Moreover the
man who is being briefed cannot
debate with the President. He
cannot do so out of respect for
the office.
For another thing, he cannot
debate with the President since he
does not have access to all the
facts in the case. Only senators,
,like J. W. Fulbright in the Do-
minican affair, who undertake an
enormous task of investigation are
in a position to argue about what
has happened and are equipped to
conduct a serious debate.
AND WHEN DEBATE by those
who have a right to know is dis-
couraged, there is no responsible
guidance of public opinion. We
must 'not be surprised that these
great matters are then taken/ to
the teach ins and out into the
streets.
(c) 1965, The Washington Post Co.

support our government as an
individual. How can I do it pub-
licly? I can't make use of Uni-
versity facilities-the Fishbowl or
the Diag; I can't make up and
distribute posters; I can't collect
and send money to the Vietnamese
government in Saigon. I can write
a letter to The Daily which may or
may not be printed, but that is all.
I can't pay for large advertise-
ments in The Daily. I can't get
SGC to support the government
though I am more representative
of the majority of students on
this issue than Stanley Nadel and
SGC is supposedly a representa-
tive body.
So, I'd like to know, what can I,
as an individual, do to voice my
opinions; what can other indi-
viduals who agree with my views
do? The Office of Student Affairs
has just restricted the use of the
Fishbowl to 'student organizations
to allow them more of a chance
to use its facilities. But student
organizations constitute a minority
of the students on campus. Why
hasn't the University considered
me-the student who wants to be
an effective individual? Why can't
SGC forget about its internal
power struggles and do something
for me? I want the chance to take
an individual stand on an im-
portant issue. I want others to
be able to do this too. I need help
from SGC and the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs. How about it?
-Bruce Chudacoff, '66
Liberal Subjectivism
To the Editor:
CLARENCE FANTO'S editorial
on the New York mayoral elec-
tion is full of typical liberal sub-
jectivity. Among the dynamic
flaws in reasoning:
A) A Lindsay victory would be
a victory for the Republican party.
This is unlikely since Lindsay is
running without Republican aid
or affiliation and with a Liberal
party running mate. He must have
practically a Democratic victory
to be elected when the voters are
registered 7-2 in favor of the
Dems.
B) A Lindsay victory in New
York would hopefully have a lib-
eralizing effect upon the GOP.
Republicans outside of New York
on the whole are more conserva-
tive than Lindsay. A liberal Lind-
say victory in a Democratic New
York would seem more of a Demo-
crat victory and hopefully should
not be taken to demonstrate a
trend in Republican politics else-
where.
C) A Lindsay victory might in-
vigorate the national political cli-
mate "by a restoration of mean-
ingful two-party debate." Between
whom? Two gangs of liberals vy-
ing for control? Who would supply
the meaningful alternatives?
D) That William Buckley is a
"psuedo-intellectual" and self
evidently the inferior of Beame
and Lindsay for being opposed to
a "bipartisan, liberal stance in
city politics." This calls for proof
of an undiscussed premise.
E) That Mr. Lindsay is "dy-
namic" and Mr.LBeame has "a
respectable record" and "vast
knowledge" as opposed to Mr.
Buckley being "vituperative." Sub-
jective use of modifiers to color
a syllogism makes poor journal-
ism.
I CANNOT but suspect the fol-
lowing: Mr. Fanto is a liberal who,:
as indicated by his slanted dis-
criptions, supports ~Mr. Lindsay
because he is not a machine poli-
tician like Mr. Beame. Mr. Fanto
would like tosee Lindsay elected
and consequently influence the
Republican party to be more lib-
eral. Nothing would suit a liberal
more than to have a two-party
system, both liberal.
The following things would be
proved in the election: If Lind-

say is elected, liberals prefer
Lindsay. If Buckley pulls a suf-
ficient amount of votes to affect
the election, conservative Repub-
licanism is not dead.
Where Mr. Fanto makes his
chief mistake is in assuming that
liberalism is the only answer and
that subjectivism is the only way
to prove it.
-Hilary C. Hicks, '66
MacLeish's Herakles
To the Editor:
VIEWING THE world premiere
of Archibald MacLeish's "Her-
akies" was like reading a G. B.
Shaw play-if you passed over
the author's explanatory notes,
you were liable to miss the mes-
sage of the play.
Once received, MacLeish's com-
ment on the Twentieth Century
condition of man is a fascinating
and frightful one. But regardless
of a superb effort by the Asso-
ciation of Producing Artists (APA)
Repertory Company, I needed two
viewings to . decipher the poet's
"theme" from a barrage of eso-
teric symbols and analogies. Per-
haps my initial confusion resulted
from an impairment, or lack of
intellectual prowess (and I do

MACLEISH BEGINS with the
myth of Herakles, who for twelve
years went about the world "clean-
ing out the stables, slaying the
dog which howls at the gates of
hell, wrestling with lions, and
killing the monsters." In short,
man's heroic spirit was to chal-
lenge "the unconquerable odds of
the universe," to cleanse the
world of its agony and Angean
antagonists.
On the eve of his return, Her-
akles murders his seven sons in
ignorance. As promised by an
oracle from Apollo at Delphi, Her-
akles becomes a god after "making
the world over." This is the myth
with which MacLeish deals.
But, shouts a Greek guide
(Keene Curtis), "a myth 'is a tale
we're in." So, modern man is
historically reliving the myth of
Herakles. "Nothing in the myth is
ever true-except always." Mac-
Leish asks the question, "Where
are we in the story?" And from
the playful, seemingly humorous
stunts of a child (Jennifer Har-
mon), comes a tragic foreshadow-
ing, "I know. I know where we are
in the story-the monsters." The
innocent comment is laughed off
as the optomistic guide explains
that heroic man has remade the
world. "Do we now hear the howl-
ing at the gates of hell?" he asks.
"No. Man has conquered the uni-
verse. Hell is silent. He is past
the howling, the misery; the dog
is silent. That's where we are-
the triumphant hero beating on
the oracle's door." (The guide
challenges a superficial American
tourist (Dee Victor) who seems to
represent the "well-read," fash-
ionable t existentialist, "Do you
hear the dogs now?" She listens-
"No. Only silence like a sound."
MODERN MAN, MacLeish is
saying, has done the impossible.
The Twentieth Century, with its
creative capacity and productive
affluence, has vanquished the.
apocalyptic visions, thwarted Dar-
winian determinism, and has
emerged triumphant over his en-'
vironment. "The dog died as the
mice do-passing away with the
stars," says the tourist. Mankind's
antagonists were historically beat-
en by the evolutionary develop-
ment of knowledge and technology.
At this point in the play, Her-
akles' wife Megara (Rosemary
Harris), enters and asks, "Why do
men have to struggle with beasts,
scramble in darkness? For a more
nobler life? It never occurs to
them that this one might be good
enough to live." In the same
sense, MacLeish is asking why
modern man has to persist, to
triumph? Why' does the momen-
tum of his achievement push him
into the blind idolotry of achieve-
ment? Why reach the moon by
1970? Why space exploration at
all?
Megara continues, "The dog re-
turns from the wolves after doing
what could not be done. They kill
and have killed and don't know
what they've killed." Herakles
(Sidney Walker) replies, "Only a
god could kill as I did." And so-
man has become god.
The priestess of Apollo informs
Herakles that the "monsters"
which he slew the last evening
were his sons. "The oracle has
betrayed me!" furies Herakles.
Megara says, "No. The oracle has
not betrayed you. You wanted to
be a god and you are. How can
you tell what you kill in a world
like this?"
"Would I have gone without
God's will?" searches Herakles.

The tragic answer is yes. "Neith-
er love, nor trust, or happiness
matters to the will of God-only
you can," says Megara. Remem-
bering that man is god, his wor-
ship of achievement, "to do, to
persist, to conquer, and to master
the world," has led him to dread-
ful acts of destruction. Man has
blindly, needlessly murdered man-
kind at Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Da-
chau and Auschwitz-just as Her-
akles shed his own blood---"think-
ing his sons were 'monsters,' like
all the rest. It happens to heros."
Man is left with "the last uncon-
querable horror-his own heart."
"He has slain all the beasts except
one." "And what monster was
this?" asks the playwright in the
program note. "The most terrible
of monsters-man turned god.
That monster which kills as gods
kill . . . without need."
MAN AS GOD can not hear the
silence of hell. And as Megara la-
ments, "Only one way back-help
me bury our sons Herakles. Only
human hands can bury what we
had."
In short, MacLeish is saying
that "the increase of human power
makes impotant the question of
discipline of human will. If we
can get what we want, the ques-
tion of 'Is what we want right?'
becomes more acutely dominant;
the cleverer we are, the more
thoroughly we may damn our-
selves (Kenneth Boulding, 'The
Image') ."
--Gary Jordano,'66
Sericeman's View
To the Editor:
ECENTLY while I was home on
leave I was told that the Uni-
versity of Michigan was one of
the major components of the
"teach ins" last year and the dem-
onstrations that took place pro-
testing the United States' efforts
in Viet Nam. These are the rea-
sons I am writing this letter,
This so called war that we are
fighting in Viet Nam isn't any-
thing new, it has been going on for
more than 20 years. The U.S. has
entered only recently. After send-
ing 350,000 troops to' Viet Nam,
formerly Indo-China, the French
gave up and pulled out. The South
Vietnamese government then re-
quested aid from the United
States, and our government re-
sponded. The majority of the pop-
ulation is In favor of our gov-
ernment's actions in Viet Nam
because we do not want another
Hungary or Cuba, and that is
exactly what Viet Nam would be-
come if we stepped down.
AS FOR our peace talks with
the North Vietnamese and Com-
munists, we, the United States,
have been attempting to negoti-
/ate for peace for many many
months but these people will not
come to the 'conference table. We
do' truly want peace to stop 'our
soldiers, sailors and airmen from
dying.
Last weekend's demonstrations
and draft card burnings indicated
to me that many American youths
are afraid to die for their homes,
or families, or country. Sure al
of us are afraid to die, especially
those in the service because we
know we will be the first to go.
But wouldn't it be better to die
for someone or something one
loved like family and freedom
than to live a chicken and lose
them?
-Norman W. Schleif, Jr.
U.S. Navy

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EDITOR'S NOTE: Ronald
Miller, '68, was one of the stu-
dents arrested in the recent
draft board sit in protesting the
war in Viet Nam. He wrote the
following with the aid of Daily
staff member Roger Rapoport.
PRIOR TO BEING heaved into
a paddy wagon in the Oct. 15
Ann Arbor Selective Service Board
sit in, the arrested students were
hustled into a small interroga-
tion room in the Fritz Building.
They found the officer and his
accompanying t a p e recorder
friendly, but it takes little imag-
ination to conceive 'of what might
have occurred had the interview'
been conducted by President Lyn-
don Johnson and his" Attorney
General, Nicholas Katzenbach.
(Scene begins with student be-
ing thrown into chair for con-
frontation by the two interrb-
gators.)
SHAKING THE STUDENT by
the throat, the President exclaims
"Why you bearded tennis-shoe
wearing beatnik-you filthy Viet-
nik, what do you mean by trying
to break my consensus?
"Now Lyndon," says the Attor-
ney General, "Just relax, remem-
ber your blood pressure." Turning
to the student, Katzenbach says,

I
"NOW LYNDON, calm down.
Remember your gall 'bladder,"
says Katzenbach. 'Now then Sani,
you said something about some of
the members of your group having
Communist sympathies."
The President explodes, "Com-
munists, Communists, 1 is t e n
Nickie, I want a memo sent out
immediately. We'll get Jos Mc-
Car ..."
The Attorney' General inter-
rupts, "No Lyndon, he's not
around anymore."
"OK," replies the President,
"Then we can get Dodd, Everett,
J. Edgar, Jerry Ford and Robert
Welch and .. ."
The Attorney General leans
over to the President and whispers,
"No, no. remember we promised
not to use his name publicly."
Katzenbach turns to the student
again and says, "Alright now Sam,
what's this about burning your
draft card?" Sam looks up and
says, "No, no, I was just burning
my membership card in SDS."
UNDAUNTED, the Attorney
General replies, "Listen, why don't
you kids stay out of these Com-
munist front organizations and get
in respectable one's like the YAF,
Christian Anti-Communism Cru-
sade, DAR, or the Democratic
Party?

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