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October 22, 1965 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-10-22

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&venty-Sixth Year

The Meaning of the 89th ongress



NEws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

The Regents Must Act ,Today
To Support 'U' Bookstore

89th Congress are at once an
end and a beginning. The Con-
gress has written into law what is
in substance a series of promissory
notes that the hopes of progres-
sives in this century will begin to
be realized.
The legislative harvest is only
a beginning in that the big prom-
issory notes about education, Med-
icare, civil rights and poverty have
now to be paid off, and not merely
in terms of money, which will be
available, but in terms of admin-
istrative planning and enforce-
The whole legislative result
could not have been achieved but
for an unusual conjuncture of cir-
cumstances. The first is that an
authentic progressive, Lyndon
Johnson, was also the most ex-
perienced and effective legislative
leader of this century. The legis-
lative leader suddenly acquired
the enormous power of the Presi-
dent and increased it by an over-
whelming electoral victory..
For the first time the man in
the White House was the man,
more than any other, who knew
how to work the legislative ma-
chine and how to make use of all
the President's powers. The daz-

zling record of the 81th Congress
is above all the record of a great
legislative leader who had sud-
denly become President of the
United States.
THE MURDER of President
Kennedy shocked multitudes in
this country and in Congress into
a feeling of remorse that the
young President had been so stub-
bornly and shabbily opposed and
frustrated. President Johnson
came to the office riding a wave
of repentance and desire to atone.
After an impressive period as
Mr. Kennedy's successor, Lyndon
Johnson found himself facing a
Republican Party possessed by a
wild and crazy impulse to commit
political suicide.
The behavior of the Republican
leaders in 1964 was in the light
of history incredible. Out of their
weakness and folly came the elec-
tion of a Congress in which the
coalition of old-guard Republi-
cans and aging Southern Demo-
crats was demolished and over-
run by a strong Johnson majority
in both houses of Congress.
BUT IN ITSELF all this is still
not enough to account for the
achievements of the 89th Congress.

A closer look at the difficult legis-
lation, notably Medicare and edu-
cation, shows that the Johnson
legislation is very different from
the old proposals of the Democra-
tic Party and that the Johnson
administration has played a mas-
terly part in making these old
projects politically workable.
Responsible talk about Medicare
began in the administration of
Franklin Roosevelt, though he did
not adopt it as a proposal. This
was first done by President Tru-
man in 1945. However, the Tru-
man Medicare proposal was radi-
cally different from that which
has been enacted under President
The essential difference is that
in 1945 the proposal was to make
health insurance compulsory for,
the whole population. In the 1950s,
this proposal was whittled down
to the aged, and as a result the
legislation became feasible.

THE SAME is true of federal
aid to education. The need for it
has been on the legislative table
since President Roosevelt's ad-
visory commission reported in
1938 on the unequal expenditures
for public education between the
richer and the poorer states.
But federal aid was hopelessly
blocked in the 1950s and in John
Kennedy's time by the deadlock
about aid to the parochial as well
as to the public schools. One of
the notable accomplishments of
the Johnson administration has
been that it has found a way
around the tangled issue.
But the combination of all these
things is still by no means the
whole explanation. In the field
of civil rights, where there had
been so little progress, there ap-
peared about 10 years ago a con-
bination of Negro protest and of'
a white change of conscience
which has at last made possible
the legal abolition of -the rem-
nants of chattel slavery.
Enveloping and sustaining every-
thing, there have been over four
years of sustained expansion of
the economy. The country which
did not believe it was 'possible has
had a demonstration that by the
use of modern economic doctrine,

which originated with Keynes, it
is possible to manage prosperity.
IT TAKES wise and skillful
men to do this. But it can de done.
We cannot, to be sure, as yet be
absolutely certain that it can be
done continually and indefinitely,
and a certain conservative skep-
ticism is still very much in order.
What we do know is that the
American economy has been ex-
panding for 55 months and that
nothing like such sustained pros-
perity has ever been enjoyed be-
The success of the great experi-
ment in the management of the
economy has revolutionized our
domestic political life. Because of
it, what President Johnson calls
the Great Society-more pro-
saically, continuing progressive re-
form-has ceased to incite a class
struggle between the haves and
the have nots.
If indeed the great experiment
finally proves itself completely,
we have possession of the key to
continuing material progress-
provided, of course, the whole
edifice is not destroyed by ex-
ternal war.
(c) 1965, The Washington Post Co.

AT THEIR MEETING today the Regents
will either consider, dismiss, table, or
ignore Student Government Council's re-
quest for the establishment of a Univer-
sity discount bookstore.
The tenor of the Regents' response will
be. crucial in determining whether spe-
cific action on the bookstore will be
forthcoming, whether an anachronistic,
unrealistic economic philosophy will be
perpetuated or reevaluated, and, most
important, whether students have any
power to effect change within the Uni-
versity system.
Specific, concrete action on the book-
store issue seems (superficially) to be the
challentge to which the Regents must re-
spond. SGC's Committee for a University
Bookstore has conducted extensive re-
search and produced a report illustrating
the need for a University discount book-
store. It has the following main points:
-There is a definite need for another
bookstore in Ann Arbor. The student body
is projected to number 40,000 by 1970,
45,000 by 1975, and none of the present
bookstores is planning expansion. The
business a University discount bookstore
would take away from the other book-
stores would be compensated for by the
increased enrollment.'
-The cost of education is increasing
rapidly, and the 10 per cent savings that
a University discount bookstore could pro-,
vide is not to be scoffted at.
-Initial capitalization of such a book-
store would not be excessive.:
. 13,000 signatures on petitions attest
to the fact that students are not indif-
ferent to the issue. The need and desire
for a booksore are evident.
YET MORE IMPORTANT than the book-
store per se is the economic and edu-.
cational philosophy which underlies the
issue. In the past a 1929 Regents ruling
has been continually reaffirmed to pre-
vent institution of a University book-
store; in effect, the ruling contends that
the University should not utilize "advan-
tages" such as tax exemptions to compete
with private merchants.
This ruling and its concbmitant philos-
ophy are in direct opposition to the stan-
ces of other Michigan state ,universities,
all of which have bookstores which either
offer discounts or more often, channel
profits Into student activities.
Moreover, the ruling is so extensively
ignored that continued use of it as a
justification is truly ludicrous. The Uni-

versity can offer cheap duplicating serv-
ice in the Graduate Library, cheat De-
troit Edison of business by generating its
own electricity, give up to 50 per cent
discounts on pharmaceutical items at
Health Service, and engage in a myriad
of other comparable endeavors. Is there
not a contradiction somewhere?
Certainly the administration is not be-
ing asked to draw up a charter, incor-
porate, and begin mass-producing com-
pact cars to compete with General Motors.
Yet when a student body such as ours
is of necessity dependent on one bloc of
economic establishments whose business
is guaranteed, and when the University
has economic resources available, the
University must step in to both protect
and aid its students. The Regents' ruling
is restrictive and unrealistic and must be
BUT WHO MAKES policy at the Univer-
Student Government Council has taken
a positive and Well-planned step toward
student participation in the decision-
making with its action on the bookstore
issue. Appropriate channels in the Office
of Student Affairs have been utilized, and
the administration has been kept in-
formed of the SGC's committee's activi-
ties and findings.
* The Regents have been written individ-
ually by the SGC committee and have
been kept informed also. Yet all attempts
to establish personal contacts with the
Regents have failed, and the committee
was not and apparently will not be con-
sulted directly by the Regents.
The question here is: how and through
whom can students communicate and
therefore make themselves heard. The
Regents direct students through the ad-
ministration, but unfortunately issues get
lost somewhere in the bureaucracy. The
administration claims it has no power,
for the Regents make policy. The Regents
do no investigation, but act on adminis-
tration recommendations. Where Are the
channels for Regent-student communica-
tion? When do Regents talk to students?
DECISIONS MUST NOT continually be
made by undefined persons existing
somewhere in a vacuum. The student
body through SGC has now made its
move. Today's Regents' meeting should
be very enlightening. Let us hope that it
will also be enlightened.

Letters: Marijuana and Journalism

To the Editor:
-UPON OPENING Wednesday's
Daily, my attention was mo-
nopolized by Mr. Schutze's "news
article" prominently displayed on
the front page under the convinc-
ing banner: "Discover Widespread
Use of Marijuana on Campus."
In a valiant effort to document
such charges, Mr. Schutze cited
such convincing facts as "reliable
sources indicate that there is cur-
rently a hard-core ring of 200
users operating in Ann Arbor"
and a quote from one of the five
students recently arrested claim-
ing that the 200 estimate is low.
Another quote was inserted to lend
credence to the writer's charge:
"Just go sit in -the MUG any one
night and you'll see a minimum
of a hundred pot-heads walk by,"
(quoted from "one co-ed familiar
with the inner-core of users.")
Mr. Schutze admits that the
police are not aware of the fact
that there are anywhere near that
number of users in Ann Arbor, yet
he blatantly insists that wide-
spread usage has been discovered.
It -seems that the next time
The Daily wishes to run such a
convincing headline, it ought to
consider the possibility of docu-
menting its claims with more than:
hearsay evidence.,
The idea of exploiting a situa-
tion as highly charged with emo-
tion as the marijuana issue is on
campus through the use of con-
jecture and hastily drawn con-
clusions on the part of a reporter,
brings to mind a whole range of
questionable practices, beginning
with lack of ethical judgment and
ending with yellow journalism.
--;Martin Kane, '68
SDS Investigation
To the Editor:
this campus-who, according to
the "professional Fishbowl phi-
losophers," qualifies for federal
aid in the field of intellectual
poverty-looks on yesterday's edi-
torializing with a certain amount
of confusion,

Using plain old common sense,
he can't figure out why Attorney
General Katzenbach's wish to in-
vestigate Students for Demo-
cratic Society throws the editorial
staff into a panic. Is this panic a
sincere interest in preserviing poli-
tical freedom, or is this a genuine
fear of what he outcome of the
investigation will be?
If this is a sincere wish for
political freedom, whyrdoesn't SDS
take a positive stand? The inves-
tigation is to disclose whether or
not there is a serious Communist
penetration of the organization.
Why doesn't the SDS come out
with a positive statement that
their organization is not filled with
people who are sympathetic to
the ideals of. a political system
which under Stalin, and now his
followers, is enslaving half of the
world, and is' responsible for the
mass genocide of over twenty mil-
lion people in Eastern and Cen-
tral Europe?
INSTEAD, the editorial' page
was filled with irrelevant argu-
ments that evaded the question
at hand. It seems Just common
sense, that if the organization is
wrongly accused of Communist
penetration, it should openly chal-
lenge and invite an investigation
to clear its organization of wrong-
ful accusations.
It appears to us that all this
evasion by the SDS and other
similar organizations implies a
guilt of some sort. An organization
that claims a membership of
thousands owes a definite answer
to the accusations, and not eva-
sive arguments about side issues.
A. Karvelis, '66E
D. Bommarito, Grad
M. Lippincott, '67
F. Fiechter, '67
Civil Liberties
To the Editor:
THE FOLLOWING is the text
of a letter sent to Senators
Hart and McNamara and Con-
gressman Weston Vivian:
We are certain that you are

aware of the demonstrations that
took place in Ann Arbor this past
weekend which were staged in
protest of United States policy in
Viet Nam. Inasmuch as the parti-
cipants were in large part mem-
bers of the student body of the
University of Michigan, and as all:
of those persons who were arrest-
ed for. the sit in at the office of
the local selective service board
were students, we are writing on
behalf of the student body of the
University of Michigan to call your
attention to what we feel to be
an extremely serious threat to the \
civil liberties of these people and,
by extension, to all citizens who
wish to express disapproval of the
policies of their government.
We are generally concerned
about the growing climate of re-
pression that is developing around
the debate, on Viet Nam. Here we
refer to the statements of Sena-
tor Dodd, Attorney General Kat-
zenbach and other government of-
ficials which have we believe, chal-
lenged the basic right of freedom
of expression by labeling pro-
testors Communists, traitors or
enemy sympathizers instead of
recognizing the relatively heter-
ogeneous notivations and ideolo-
gies which make up the bulk of the
protest movement.
We are specifically concerned'
over the statements issued by Col-
onel Arthur Holmes, Director of
the Michigan State Seiective Serv-
ice Board and those of William
Merrill, Chief Assistant to the
United States Attorney for the
Eastern District of Michigan. Both
of these officials have indicated
that investigations of the students
who were arrested for sitting in
at the selective service office
would be undertaken to determine
whether or not they were entitled
to student deferments from the
our opinion, unwarranted, a viola-
tion of the right of petition and
a repressive action designed to
silence protest in a situation which
dialogue is not only right and
proper but fully justified.

Criticism-Good and Bad

The actions taken by these stu-
dents were in no way motivated
by an attempt to avoid being
drafted, instead they represent an
expression of dissent. They have
been arrested, and will be tried
for their violation of the law, but
their punishment must not extend
beyond their actual violations.
It is our belief that unless the
members of the representative
bodies of the United States 'gov-
ernment act with alacrity, the
basic American freedom to peti-
tion and protest will, as in the
McCarthy era, be seriously threat-
ened if not extinguished. We urge,
therefore, that you take all pos-
sible steps to check this trend and
that you act to prevent a mis-
carriage of justice in the case of
the students at the University of
-Gary Cunningham, President
Student Government Council
James McEvoy, President
Graduate Student Council
The 'V ietniks'
To the Editor:
IT IS NOW grimly amusing to
see the Vietniks struggle with
the Federal Monster they and
their brothers in spirit have in
other ways spent so many years
Hilary C. Hicks, '66
New Morality
To the Editor:
THIS LETTER which I feel com-
pelled to write, has to do with
an editorial in the October first
edition of The Daily, "Colleges
Should Provide Contraceptives for
Students" by Clarence Fanto.
I am an alumnus of Michigan,
I have two sons both of whom
graduated from Michigan, and now
I have a granddauhter who is
preparing to enter the University
next year, so you see I have more
than a passing interest in the Uni-
versity of Michigan.
I have always been in favor of
allowing the school paper to be
managed and edited by the stu-
dents, without any interference
from the University, but when you
go so far afield as to deny all
the moral principles which are the
bedrock of our civilization and
upon-which our nation has been
founded, it is time sofeone speaks
up and reminds you that such an
editorial does riot represent the
thinking of a vast majority of
the 33,000 ,students or the alumni
all over the world, who know and
appreciate the value of the fam-
ily traditions, without which there
would be no university, only chaos.
This editorial encourages pre-
marital sexual relations, common-
ly known as free love, which the
Bible says from the beginning, is
sinful today and always.History
tells us past civilizations have been
destroyed from within (immoral
living), not from without, and
anyone young or old who can
blithely ignore these lessons from
the past is foolish.
unfair to the thousands of fine
young'men and women at the Uni-
versity who still hold fast to the
Christian principles passed down
to them from Christian parents,
most of whom are making a sac-
rifice to send their sons and
daughters to Michigan to com-
plete their education, and cer-
tainly not to live in an immoral
atmosphere which is bound to re-
sult in sorrow, not only for the
students themselves, but for the
parents as well.
For such a policy as suggested
by this editorial casts a shadow
over the entire student body, so
that any young man who would
like to marry a girl from the Mich-

tionalize free love, but let's face
it, premarital relations have al-
ways been wrong and immoral,
and no amount of rationalization
will change it.
SO IF WE WANT our Univer-
sity to remain Christian, and
Michigan students to graduate and
take their places in the world as
intelligent and dignified American
citizens, to be respected and ad-
mired, let usn ot tear away the
solid moral foundation, which has
made Michigan one of the leading
universities of the world, of which
we can always be proud.
I recommend for your reading,
as well as every student of the
University, the latest book of Dr.
Norman Vincent Peale, "Sin, Sex
and Self-Control."
,-Karl E. Phare
'U Bookstore
To the Editor:
I SHOULD LIKE to comment on
the recent attempt to institute
a University bookstore.
Neither pride, economic effi-
ciency or high idealism motivate
the student body to wave the
flag fota University bookstore.
Only the high cost of books-
which is controlled by the publish-
er-is touted Other, more valid
reasons are disregarded because
the students have been blinded by
this "no-think" campaign./ The'
existing stores are close to the
campus, have large stocks, employ
trained bookmen, have competitive
prices, perform outstanding serv-
ices to the professors. Indaddition,
the stores are in high rent areas
pay high taxes and adequate sal-
aries to retain personnel. Book-
stores risk oversupplies, telegram,
for aemissing.item, advertise, have
5c sales, and incur pilfering (by
A self-sustaining. University
bookstore (of similar services and
costs) could ill afford to charge
less. And if it is to be a student
charity organization, then, pity
the students, and woe betide the
existing stores of long-standing
spend a half', million dollars to
build, supply and staff a new
bookstore that says "Students" on
the front door when so many fine
ones are available. The 11,000
signatories should direct their at-
tention to persuading the existing
stores to offer a reduction on
texts. But remember the recent
lesson of the reduction in movie
-Martin C. Taylor
To the Editor:
Mr. Killingsworth's critique of
the Cleveland Orchestra concert
decidedlymore "romantic" than
-Corwin Moore, Grad,
A rrgh-
W W. ROSTOW, the State De-
partment's Planning Chief,
made these remarks in a speech
to the American Marketing As-
sociation on Sept. 11. We cite it
as the year's finest example of
"If I may be permitted to use
a somewhat private vocabulary,
it can be said that during the
past generation we have had in
many parts of the world a take off
in which the leading sectors have
been import-substitution indus-
tries in consumer goods fields; and


THERE SEEMS TO BE sdmething about
war which profoundly 'eflects the
state of mind of a country- involved in
it. This is borne out by the nationwide
reaction to last weekend's Viet Nam day
The 'demonstrations met with several
types of response. One of these was the
inevitable charge of "Communist infiltra-
tion," a result of the American fixation
with Communism. Many congressmen
and organizations such as the American
Legion responded that the protests were
"un-American." Some added that the best
reply to the demonstrations would be to
draft the demonstrators and have them
fight in Viet Nam.
. Charges of Communist inspiration (and
personal attacks on beards and dress of
some demonstrators) serve as a smoke-
screen, blotting out the serious issues ofw
war and peace raised by the protests.
AN EVEN MORE disturbing reaction was
that of groups such as the Society to"
Prevent Asinine Student Movements.
Their response has more serious impli-
cations of American society because, not
only was it emotional and irrational, but'
shockingly anti-political.
Such groups confined their activities
largely to heckling, which consisted vir-
tually entirely of personal insults against'
the marchers. Although the demonstra-
tors were called Communists, in the
American -context "Communist" has be-
come an almost nonpolitical and very in-
discriminately used epithet.
The hecklers had no particular ideol-
ogy-in fact, they represented opposition
to any ideology. They seemed to be citi-

discrimination in Mississippi or banking
practices in Switzerland.
If this is a widespread phenomenon, it
does not speak well for the future of
American democracy,.a system which has
contended well with apathy, but has never
had to face virulent anti-political feeling.
A THIRD and more acceptable type of
reaction was support for current poli-
cies in Viet Nam along with concession
of the right to protest against them. This
was the position taken by New York Gov.
Nelson Rockefeller, who said that, while
he disagreed with the demonstrations and
supported the President "100 per cent"
in Viet Nam, he still believed the protest-
ors had a right to be heard. This same
attitude was reflected to some extent in
the telegram signed by over 2000 Univer-
sity- students sent to President Johnson
supporting his actions.
Another type of acceptable criticism
was the charge that the demonstrations
may only serve to prolong the war. Blair
Seaborn, Canadian representative on the
Viet Nam International Control Commis-
sion and an expert on- North Viet Nam,
said that Hanoi holds a total misconcep-
tion of American foreign policy, partic-
ularly a strong conviction that anti-war
protests will force the United States to
pull out.
James Reston, associate editor of the
New" York Times, said, "The trouble is
that they (the demonstrators) are inad-
vertantly working against all the things
they want, and creating all the things
they fear most. They are not promoting,
peace but postponing it. They are making
news, but they are not making sense."




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