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September 21, 1965 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-21

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Ul fie iri igttn Daily


Trimester s Academic Boat-Rocking

Seventy-Sixth Year


Where Opinions Are Free. 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Supportin the U.S. on Viet Nam:
The Anti-Students Take Over

WHAT FOLLOWS might be entitled (as
per Dylan Thomas) "Adventures in
the Intellectual Underground" or (as per
Dostoevsky) "Crime and Brandishment."
Thursday evening, I attended a meet-
ing of a group which calls itself the "Com-
mittee on Viet Nam."
A number of people were, of course,
familiar to me-they've been dropping the
bomb (on everyone and anything),
against equal rights (it infringes on the
rights of homeowners or shopkeepers or
whatever) and against Medicare, for
Goldwater, etc.-for as long as anyone
can imagine.
IN LARGE MEASURE, they are what
might be called the "anti-students"-
they arose as a simple counterweight to
the dominant tenor of their age.
Others in the group were of a differ-
ent sort-the simple-naive. Although it
ought to be abundantly clear to anyone
that being for President Johnson's policy
ipso facto places one in close proximity
to the ideological framework of the far
right, this would seem to have eluded
A classic interchange:
(A rather conventionally dressed young
lady, reacting to a proposal that a sign's
large letters simply state the fact that the
group "supports the President," with the
small points relegated to the small type):
"We can't just say we support the Presi-
dent, we godda say how, I mean"...-.
(The chairman, somewhat hastily):
"We'll take that under advisement, and
(One graduate-student-type in the
back of the room with a glint in his eye):
"Let's say, 'Fight Communism'." (A bit of
uncomfortable stirring on the part of the
OF COURSE, some members of the group
were well-versed in the tactics of
(A young female with a quick and emo-
tional turn of phrase-now almost
City Couneil-'
Students Los
playing games with students and their
welfare for years. Usually, they make the
rules. Currently, they are wrestling over
motorcycle control. But many students
are in a stranglehold, and as these stu-
dents slowly suffocate, they cannot even
cry "uncle."
Motorcycles are hard to ignore, but City
Council must somehow have been un-
aware of the increase in their numbers
which developed this summer. Apparent-
ly, they didn't notice rows of cycles park-
ed perpendicular to curbs throughout the
city. They must have never seen streets
congested with cycles during rush hours.
Besides being blind to the cycle boom,
they were deaf. From their homes and of-
fices, councilmen must not have heard
the roar of many cycles moving through
local neighborhoods.
Councilmen must not listen to radio. If
Editorial Staff
Managing Editor Editorial Director
JUDITH FIELDS .................. Personnel Director
LAUREN BAHR........Associate Managing Editor
JUDITH WARREN....... Assistant Managing Editor

ROBERT HIPPLER ....... Associate Editorial Director
GAIL BLUMBERG ................... Magazine Editor
LLOYD GRAFF ................ Acting Sports Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: Susan Collins, John Meredith,
Leonard Pratt, Peter Sarasohn, Bruce Wasserstein.
DAY EDITORS: Robert Carney, Clarence Fanto, Mark
Kilingsworth, Robert Moore, Harvey Wasserman,
Dick Wingfield.
dith Eker, Merle Jacob, Carole Kaplan, Robert
Klivans, Lynn Metzger, Roger Rapoport, Neil Shis-
ter, Katherine Teich, Joyce Winslow, Charlotte
Business Staff
CY WELLMAN, Business Manager
ALAN GLUECKMAN ...... ..... Advertising Manager
JOYCE FEINBERG...............Finance Manager
SUSAN CRAWFORD ..... Associate Business Manager
MANAGERS: Harry Bloch, Bruce Hillman, Marline
Kuelthau, Jeffrey Leeds, Gail Levin, Susan Perl-


shrill): "Let's word this like it would ap-
ply to students! Students like to seem
revolutionary-they like to be against
things. Let's face it," (in obvious sym-
pathy with the saner course) "most of
the' people in support of the war in Viet
Nam are-well-50 years old." (Now tri-
umphant) "They are people-to use an
old fashioned phrase-who are ADULTS!"
"Debate," of course, continued on -
most of it directed towards how much the
group ought to support the President.
Consequently, there were some attempts
at rallying the troops:
(ONE IBM-TYPE, obviously feeling de-
fensive about being told that a blan-
ket endorsement of American policy
might not do the trick): "I don't see why
we godda be so diplomatic about it. WE
GODDA goo pr-r-ogram here and we
awta be proud, yes PROUD, of it."
Some issues were of some potential
embarrassment to the "Committee" -
ones which had to be smoothed over by
the leadership:
(A FEMALE GROUP member, reacting
against the group's proposed "adopt-
an-orphan" plan): "That could be ex-
ploited by the opposition an awful lot. I
mean they're EMOTIONAL and all that.
They might say WE MADE THEM or-
phans-like we killed their fathers and
(The Chairman-almost sacerdotally):
"MANY of them were killed by terrorists
(She, again) : "Yeah, but they're EMO-
TIONAL and..."
(The Chairman, confidently): "We'll
be able to handle anyone as ridiculous as
(Sh, unperturbed): "I think it's still,
ya know, kinda ironic."
(Another member, brightly): "Maybe
we could say we are FOR THE WAR, BUT
U' Relations:
E very Time
they did, they would have heard con-
stant advertising designed to stimulate
cycle sales. They also must never read
newspapers, or they would have noticed
frequent advertisements.
BUT IF COUNCILMEN were not imper-
ceptive, they must have been totally
unthinking on the motorcycle issue. As
more and more cycles came to campus,
they should have easily spotted a clear
trend and planned thorough legislation.
If there are increased cycles in Ann
Arbor, there should be increased park-
ing. Regulation of cycle operation and
quality standards should have been en-
acted before the fall semester.
But Council did not act. Now, it is sud-
denly repulsed by crowded conditions in
parking. A new nuisance has arisen in
Ann Arbor, and so the police are sent
out to cleanse the city of its blot.
ANN ARBOR POLICE are ticketing stu-
dents for crimes committed against
now-archaic laws. University police are
ticketing, too, on campus, and it is really
too bad when the University begins to
hurt students because they have prob-
All summer, students parked their mo-
torcycles in the rectangular bicycle rack
bounded by West Physics, the back of the

General Library and the court in front
of the Undergraduate Library. This week,
University police gave tickets to students
parking their cycles in this zone.
A rack of illegally-parked angled cycles,
each with a ticket hanging from its
handlebars, showed that the Ann Arbor
police were there this week.
ANN ARBOR can unleash vengeance on
student overcrowding by hovering
around campus and using its outdated
laws. On the other hand, if Council had
any sympathy for students, they could
relax the pressure. And if they had a

its first full summer term un-
der the often controversial tri-
mester system last month with
hardly a whimper of either relief
or complaint. The chorus of ear-
lier dissent has vanished with the
onrush of fall.
Trimester, it would seem, is here
to stay.
What we've got now is the re-
sult of a broad range of inter-
secting forces: pressures for
growth and cries of "inefficiency"
from Lansing, balanced against
faculty intransigence toward the
quarter system and their general
reluctance to make any changes
in the well-worn patterns of their
Predictably the equations for
change didn't include students
and, predictably, neither did the
solution. By a complex system of
"nonteaching" time accrual and
by the division of the summer into
two half-terms, the faculty have
ended up better off than before,
and, rather than tinker with the
system for further improvements,
the new ruts are forming in record
THE STUDENTS, meanwhile,
are faced with the following:
-About a week less of classes
and professors who find it un-
thinkable to tailor their courses
accordingly or (horror of horrors!)
to restructure them a little to
make more efficient and profit-
able use of the time available;
-Halving of the exam period
while most professors continue
to consider it a comprehensive ex-

pression of what the student has
learned, resulting in increasing
end-of-the-semester pressures and
heightened grade-point phobia;
-Drastic curtailment of vaca-
tion periods which, while few
students used them profitably, at
least provided some respite from
academic pressures and time for
unhurried thought (and time for
Daily staff to do their semester's
These problems have actually
turned out to be much less severe
than many expected, but that
doesn't mean they should be ig-
nored on the grounds that noth-
ing that terrible will happen if
they are.
One has the feeling that fac-
ulty are only too happy to let the
issue die, for discussion of it
would likely lead to a confronta-
tion (long overdue but still in-
evitable sometime) with the prob-
lems of the increasingly anti-
quated course and curriculum
Rather than postpone and delay,
the problems might as well be
faced and the adaptation period
for trimester used as a time to try
out some new ideas and ap-
proaches aimed at smoothing out
some of the peaks and valleys,
frustrations and tensions and con-
tradictions of undergraduate life.
SOME SIMPLE, easy-to-admin-
ister possibilities:
First, there is the calendar it-
self. The biggest problems are the
general structuring out of any
time for relaxation within a term

Michigan MAD
and the crowding up of papers
and exams and assorted problems
in the last few weeks of each
Easy first step to a solution:
abolish final exams. To borrow a
phrase from a colleague, Why
Not? Two-hour finals can't begin
to cover the information from a
fourteen-week course comprehen-
sively, and finals are, after all,
tests of one's knowledge. No one
has yet devised a way to make
them do any other job at all well
in spite of all you hear about
exams as a learning experience
or as stimulation to think or
In any case, only introductory
courses have as their main goal
the imparting to the student of a
given body of information (and
most equivocate on that as a
goal). So, with the possible ex-
ception of introductory courses,
what are finals good for?
In a three-hour final there was
some chance that your ability to
work with and think about things
your course had been covering
would show through. In a two-
hour final (added on top of other
end-of-semester pressures) the
chances are nil.
I've been averaging about two
courses a semester that haven't
had finals. Quite consistently,

they're my most valuable courses.
So, when the faculty member says
that taking out the final would
destroy his course, one needn't
worry, it probably deserves it.
As for the introductory course,
testing can be incorporated into
the regular term and efficiency
raised by several times on the
side. A teacher in an introductory
social science course for seniors
and graduate students is running
the students through the text at
a two chapters and two exams
a week rate.
The material is covered well (he
expects, and gets, a perfect exam
every time from everyone), and
two-thirds of the semester is left
for more meaningful pursuits and
the development in the students'
minds of some concepts of what
to do with the information.
WITH FINALS out of the way,
other calendaring problems fall
into place. Generous Thanksgiv-
ing, Christmas and spring vaca-
tions can be scheduled, with leis-
urely reading encouraged. The en-
tire calendar can be skewed back
a little closer to normal, since
one of two weeks of class in Jan-
uary before finishing the first
term can be considered a wide-
ranging discussion and wrap-up
period rather than a "My God,
I've got to learn it all over again
for the final!" period.
With a more leisurely schedule,
big, well-constructed reading lists
can be brought back into vogue,
and professors can schedule their
own reading periods when appro-
priate. (There must be times

Arguments and Dissents on

Viet Nam

To the Editor:
TNE SERIES of editorials on
Viet Nam and on the Fishbowl
sign printed in Saturday's Daily
all deserve rebuttal. However, I
will leave the editorial on the
Conference to the conference or-
ganizers, and deal only with those
relevant to the sign and the dis-
cussion related to it.
Starting with Mr. Beal's con-
tention that the sign was put up
under false pretenses, the rule
that posters must be cleared by
the Alphi Phi Omega executive
board applies only to posters that
APO is to place on University
bulletin boards (this is also true
of the size limitation). and not to
signs going along with approved
Fishbowl tables.
The form handed in by Friends
of SNCC included the words, "To
publicize the Conference ."
and the sign certainly helped to
do that by drawing attention to
the Viet Nam issue, thus falling
within the permission granted.
Mr. Beal also claims (along
withrothers) that the sign is in
bad taste and so shouldn't be al-
lowed up. I won't argue about the
obscenity part of his definition of
bad taste, but slander, libel and
character assassination are all
cases for civil suit and should
therefore be decided in the courts
and not by the University ad-
ministration or APO.
In fact, none of these adjectives
could possibly apply if it were
true that some American soldiers
have committed certain acts which
are designated as war crimes by
the International Criminal Code.
Even if we had no other source
of documentation of war crimes,
we have the word of a professor at
this university (who was doing re-
search in Viet Nam with Ameri-
can paratroopers this summer),
that he witnessed the murder of
bound prisoners of war by Ameri-
can soldiers. The statement on the
sign is true, and truth can not
be in bad taste.
AS FOR Mr. Schutze (who had
the discourtesy to call me at 2
a.m. so he could ask me some
questions), I only want to remark
that some of his "far meeker ex-
ponents of continued American
involvement" were the very people
who threatened violence and bodily
harm and made it necessary for
Mr. Sells of the Office of Student
Affairs to ask the Ann Arbor
police to keep plainclothes detec-
tives in the Fishbowl.
Mr. Killingsworth deserves
commendation because he isthe
only one who makes an effort to
deal with the serious issues in-
volved in the question of what
should be done about the Viet Nam
situation. I am nevertheless forc-
ed to say that he is not entirely
First, he claims that five to six
thousand Viet Minh "hard-core
guerrillas" (i.e. regular soldiers)
went underground in 1954 in-
stead of going north. I've talked
to one such person and heard a
rather different interpretation of
their "going underground."
The Viet Minh had completely
defeated the French and felt that
the Geneva Accords recognized
and guaranteed this victory. That
the Americans seemed not to have
felt the same way at the time
(though now President Johnson
talks of defending the Geneva
Accords) is. supported by under-

imprison and kill all opposition
says that American foreign policy
is a quest for diversity, i.e., does
not attempt to control the des-
tiny of other nations. If this is
true, why did- we a) overthrow
the democratic Arbenez regime in
Guatemala; b) support the un-
successful revolt against Sukarno
in Indonesia (CIA); c) attempt to
overthrow the Castro regime at
the Bay of Pigs; d) quickly come
to the support of the military
coup against President Goulart in
Brazil, which led to the present
dictatorship (and did the CIA
start this one, too?); e) send 40,-
000 troops into the Dominican Re-
This is not to say that our
policy is always to be repressive,
but to say that repression is a
major line in our policy and that
it is possibley the most consistent
one (even if not the most visible
In attempting to undermine the
concept of the war in Viet Nam
being a civil war, Mr. Killings-
worth's article starts by quoting
David Halberstam to the effect
that the whole war was instigated
from Hanoi. That is well and
good. but to claim that he is
quoting a critic of the war is
somewhat unfair, as Halberstam is
basically in support of the present
PERHAPS Mr. Killingsworth
hasn't read the Kennedy admin-
istration Bluebook on Viet Nam.
That document clearly states that
the conflict in South Viet Nam is
a civil war.
While the Defense Department
states that three-quarters of the
infiltrators of the north are North
Vietnamese, examination of the
biographies of infiltrees from the
North in the State Department
White Paper indicates that this is
not true. Fourteen of the nine-
teen men listed as coming from
the North are clearly recorded as
having been born and raised in
the South.
In addition, a good part of the
rest record no home province, so
only a couple are demonstrated
to be from the North. Of course, it
is now said that there is a North
Vietnamese division in South Viet
Nam, but this is how many months
since we started bombing attacks
on North Viet Nam (with no
declaration of war, ie.s, like Pearl
Viet Nam has some influence with
the NLF; in fact, it was a call
broadcast on Hanoi radio that led
to the transformation of the guer-
rilla movement from the number
of isolated guerrilla bands into a
united political front with at least
three political parties and many
other organizations.
But advice and arms don't make
for control, and the quotes refer-
ring to the wonderful support and
direction given by the North have
a rather defensive ring when one
considers all the bitter complaints
that emanated from NLF officials
about inadequate support from the
North, I'm particularly glad that
Mr. Killingsworth brought up the
Spanish Civil War, because I think
we should remember that while
France and Russia aided the Re-
publican side with weapons (in-
adequately, I might add), Italy

American officials that we have
to gain the support of the peas-
We are defending a small, elite
group which controls the Saigon
government only because the
United States has been supplying
the necessary money and guns
ever since we put Diem into power.
here last spring he was asked to
contrast what he thought would
be the result of free elections to-
day in South Viet Nam to the
estimated (by President Eisen-
hower) 80 per cent of the vote
that would have gone to Ho Chi
Minh in 1956. He replied "about
the same."
-Stan Nadel, '66
Committee to Aid the Viet-
Poor Taste
To the Editor:
I THOUGHT the paragraph in
the Wiretap column of last
Friday's Daily would clear up the
controversy of SNCC and the
Fishbowl sign. Jeffrey Beal's edi-
torial in Saturday's Daily leaves
me wondering.
First of all, neither SNCC nor
the Ann Arbor Friends of SNCC
is part of any "get-out-of-Viet-
Nam - no - matter - what - the-
consequences" movement. Nor did
the sign say anything about such
a movement. Character assassi-
nation, Mr. Beal? Good taste?
SNCC is a predominantly south-
ern civil rights group and Friends
of SNCC is solely a financial and
educational support group for
SECONDLY, Mr. Beal is correct
when he says that permission, for
the sign was not. requested by
Friends of SNCC, nor by SNCC it-
self, contrary to the Daily lead
story of September 16. That story
was written and published without
ever contacting anyone from
SNCC or Friends of SNCC. Re-
sponsibility? Conscientious report-
The truth of the matter is that
the sign was posted by an indi-
vidual student, and Friends of
SNCC became involved only be-
cause it had a Fishbowl table that
day. When permission for the sign
was finally requested and granted,
it was granted to Voice, not
Friends of SNCC, Mr. Beal's edi-
torial to the contrary. This was
pointed out as clearly as might be
expected in the Wiretap column of
Friday's Daily.
Simply stated, SNCC and
Friends of SNCC had nothing to
do with that sign. Friends of
SNCC was asked to request per-
mission for the sign and agreed
to sponsor it only because that
was the only way it could remain
posted. This was agreed upon not
because of what the sign said but
because we feel the University
had no right to remove it. The
next day, when Voice received per-
mission for the sign, Friends of
SNCC was no longer even peri-
pherally involved.
TWO factual matters. Thurs-
day's Daily reported that SNCC
did this and SNCC did that. They
should have said Friends of SNCC
and even that would have been an
error, for the reasons outlined
above. Nor was Friends of SNCC.

of American boys who have given
their lives in defense of their
country in the jungles of Viet
Nam: "Neither APO nor the Uni-
versity nor Mr. Beal is qualified to
rule on what is or isn't good taste.
Nor do such allegations in any
way answer the sign's accusation.
Arguments involving "taste" and
"the hundreds of American boys
." are in any case extremely
emotional and certainly irrelevant.
Mr. Bea l's editorial serves more
than adequately as its own rebut-
I MUST ADD that Mr. Beal
speaks for himself and not for me
when he claims he is only a stu-
dent and not yet an adult. I can
feel only pity for someone who
grants to APO or to the Univer-
sity or even to his own parents.
the right to dictate how one should
act or think. Since Mr. Beal puts
himself in this position, I trust he
clears every editorial and every
action he contemplates with APO
or the Office of Student Affairs.
-Barry Goldstein
Fishbowl Sign
To the Editor:
REGARDLESS of its offensive
character or the inexactness of
the analogy implied by the "war
crimes" sign in the Fishbowl, it
must be admitted that the sign
sparked a rather lively discussion
of Viet Nam issues.
Some may argue that the claim
of American violence against the
civilian population is not valid be-
cause,- in a war of this type, civil-
ian casualties are unavoidable.
This, of course, presupposes the
validity of the objectives of the
war. Most people, I am sure, have
never questioned these objectives;
they reluctantly accepted the war
as necessary to "stop Commu-
The Fishbowl sign, with the ac-
companying photographs, has per-
haps shocked some students
enough so that they raised the vi-
tal question: is it worth it either
to us or to the Vietnamese to save
the latter from a Communist gov-
ernment by ravaging' their coun-
try and by butchering many thou-
sands of them and ourselves?
-Carl Goldberg
'The Collector'
To the Editor:
J AM WRITING to protest the
unperceptive and unconstruc-
tive review of William Wyler's
"The Collector," appearing in the
September 14 Daily by Michael
Juliar, lest that reviewer should
prevent a good many people from
seeing this film, about as good as
any movie ever made by an Amer-

ican production company.
"The Collector" is a film com-
bining highly sensitive acting and
directing with wonderfully effec-.
tive color and musical effect. It
is the first recent American-made
film to treat a serious and philo-
sophically pressing topic, the co-
existence of good and evil, in a
mature and dramatically effec-
tive manner. Both.Terence Stamp
and Samantha Eggar give excel-
lent portrayals, particularly Miss
The fault is not in the film so
much as in your reviewer's ob-
tuseness and artistic immaturity.
MAY I SAY that I first saw
"The Collector" when it opened
in New York City at an art thea-
tre attracting a fairly artistically
sophisticated group of young peo-
ple. I can report that I heard
not a guffaw, not even a chuckle.
Rather, the audience was deeply
drawn into the unfolding of the
plot and its violently dramatic
high points.
When the art student, for ex-
ample, finally grasps that her
captor means to keep her until
her death, it is hardly an occa-
sion for humor, but is instead
as stark a presentation of the hu-
man being when faced with an
inescapable but abhorrent reality
(a common enough situation in
human experience) as this writer
has seen on the screen.
Mr. Juliar reveals his own weak-
nesses as a reviewer when he in-
dicates his prejudices against the
film because it received favorable
comment in Life magazine and
"the magazine stalls of New York."
Mr. Juliar should be made aware
that comment in Life and similar
publications is simply irrelevant
one way or the other. The creator
of a work of art is not responsible
for the praise or blame people may
see fit to give him. Wyler is not
to be criticized because Life liked
his movie, any more than Hem-
ingway or Salinger could be dis-
counted because the popular mid-
dle-brow press made much of
I FEAR I must concur with Mr.
Juliar's friends who criticized his
"lack of perception" vis-a-vis
"The Collector." This is a beauti-
ful, delicate, and sensitive movie,
conceived and produced with much
intelligence, and Mr. Juliar's at-
tempts to be patronizing toward
it only reflect poorly on him as a
If he and others found it unin-
tentionally funny, perhaps their
artistic palates have been dulled
by too much television and Life
magazine to the point where they
can no longer distinguish between
cinematic art and a James Bond
-Randy Rosenblatt, '61

when the professor knows as well
as his students that he hasn't
really got anthing very important
to say in his lectures.)
Without the final looming at
the end of the term, a little more
variety in course structure is pos-
sible. Hour exams can be sched-
uled at logical periods rather than
at traditional half-way points.
Reading periods can be put in
most any time when the professor
feels it would be useful and val-
One other problem will have to
be tackled. Under the present
credit hour system, the upper-
classman is often stuck with five
three-credit courses, which is a
ridiculous load if any education
is going to get done in any of
them. The system was probably
put together a hundred or so
years ago when half the courses
were gut courses and a C was
sufficient for the rest.
For students to have to kill
themselves doing a good job in
five difficult courses is much too
much to ask.
THERE ARE a series of things
that can be done with trimester
to make it livable and productive.
It requires a little academic boat-
rocking, something that faculty
have an inbred horror of, but the
institution of trimester has shown
that changes can be made, that
no one is going to be ruined by it,
and that there might even be
some better ways to conduct the
educational process than the ones
we've been using for hundreds of

Sc huize's Corner:
Of fens ire-Man'

ILL-MANNERED undergraduate
Manley Naval, dashed unnotic-
ed from the crowded sidewalk into
a nearby telephone booth. He
emerged only a moment later in
the uniform of the notorious Of-

Offensive-Man," an angry profes-
sor warned. "Have you no taste?"
"You've gone too far this time,
Offensive-Man! He's done it
Offensive-Man turned two steely
eyes on the red-faced professor
and broke into a blood-curdling
giggle. The Offender had struck

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