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September 21, 1965 - Image 1

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See Editorial Page

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Partly cloudy, chance
of thundershowers

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom

VOL. LXXVI, No. 20








Wake of U.S. Diplomatic


The United Nations General As-
sembly, crippled for the last year
by a big-power dispute over fi-
nancial assessments, reconvenes
Tuesday in the wake of a United
States diplomatic retreat which
will allow the Assembly to pro-
ceed with its work.
The 115-nation organization has
been unable to vote on substantive
issues since last September be-
cause Russia, France and other
nations have refused to pay their
share -of the operating costs for
the UN emergency forces in the
Congo and Cyprus. These nations
contend the forces are illegally
constituted because .they were
created through General Assembly
rather than Security Council ac-
tion. Until recently, the United
States has insisted upon enforce-
ment of Article '19 of the UN
Charter, which would deprive the,
delinquent nations of their Assem-
bly vote.

During its 1964-65 session, the
General Assembly conducted its
annual general debate and trans-
acted routine business but re-'
frained from taking any major'
votes in order to avoid precipitat-
ing a direct Soviet-American clash
on the payments issue. Four weeks
ago, U.S. Ambassador to the UN
Arthur Goldberg announced that
,Washington now desired to see
the work-of the Assembly proceed
and the the U.S. would not con-
tinue to insist that the nonpaying
members be deprived of their vote.
However, Goldberg emphasized
that the U.S. was not abandoning
its support of the provisions of
Article 19. Thus, a solution to the
assessments problem will be high
on the General Assembly's agenda
during the upcoming twentieth
session. Voluntary contributions by
the nations lagging in their pay-
ments may form the basis for a
solution to the problem, at least

The Indo-Pakistani conflict,
which Goldberg has termed "the
most serious dispute between
member nations that the UN has
ever been seized of," still seems
far from a cease-fire. Further UN
action in the tense Kashmir area
is likely, including the possibility
of a new emergency force to pa-
trol an eventual cease-fire line
between India and Pakistan. Near-
ly all UN members are united on
the need to end the fighting on
the Asian subcontinent, and the
major powers may attempt to use
their influence through the UN
as a lever to extract a cease-fire
from the warring nations.
The Viet Nam war has not of-
ficially been placed before the
General Assembly, but the U.S.
has recently indicated willingness
to have the world organization
assume a role in efforts to bring
about negotiations between the
U.S., South Viet Nam and their
adversary, North Viet Nam.

There is much gloom at UN
headquarters over the failure of
the world organization to assume
a decisive role thus far in the
two major Asian wars. Yet the
prospects are that as both sides
in these wars reach a stalemate
in the fighting, they may turn to
the UN to arbitrate. This is far
more likely to happen in the Indo-
Pakistani conflict, which is more
local in nature than the Viet Nam
The perennial question of the
admission of Communist China to
the world organization may pro-
vide fireworks during this General
Assembly session. Well-informed
sources report that this year, a
majority of members may vote in
favor of admission for the Peking
regime. Whether or not Commun-
ist China is actually admitted
this year will rest upon a tech-
nicality. If the members of the
Assembly vote to consider the

question as a "procedural" issue,
a simple majority would be suffi-
cient to ensure Chinese admission.
If, on the other hand, the mem-
bers continue as they have in
previous years to consider the
question as a substantive one, a
two-thirds majority in favor of
admission would be necessary. It
is considered highly unlikely that
the Communist Chinese have gain-
ed that much support in the UN.
This year, Secretary-General U
Thant has lent the weight of his
prestige behind the effort to seat
the Peking government. In a little
reported statement three weeks
ago, Thant called upon the UN
membership to admit Communist
China in order to increase the
effectiveness of the organization
and to open a dialogue between
all the major powers on critical
world problems. Thant, whose
prestige is high despite the failure
of his recent mission to India and
Pakistan, is considered to have

strongly aided the drive for Pe-
king's admission.
There is no sign that govern-
inent or domestic political opposi-
tion to Red Chinese admission has
abated in the U.S., and it cannot
be considered likely that Moscow
will cease pressing Peking's case,
despite the severe ideological con-
flict between the two nations.
Having already made a diplomatic
concession to the Soviets by
dropping its previous insistence
on enforcement of Article 19, it
is hard to imagine that Washing-
ton will now find itself able to
grant another, much larger con-
cession to the Communist world.
However, U.S. influence will prob-
ably not be enough to prevent
Peking's admission, if not this
year, most likely in 1966.
Pope's Visit
Meanwhile, high interest has
been aroused by the news that
Pope Paul will visit the UN on
October 4th in an unprecedented

address before the world or
tion. The Pope will addr
General Assembly in a p
world peace during his t
visit to New York. Dur
stay, the pontiff will also
with President Johnson, a
sibly other world leaders.
The Pope's decision to v
UN may have a salutary el
this year's general deba'
may attract other world
to the East River headq
The symbolic value of the
appearance may have at
brief effect upon many de
and may help raise the
level of debate from the
grim polemics to a mor
cliatory, idealistic tone.
Observers at UN head
believe 'that, despite sha
agreement over the Viet NE
there are many potentialE
common interest between 1
and the Soviet Union, es
in Asia. Both nations arec

ganiza- to the extension of Chinese Coin-
ess the munist power on the continent,
ilea for and Russia has a particular in-
two-day terest in restoring stability to
ing his nations with which it shares a
confer long common border. If the areas
nd pos- of cooperation between the U.S.
and the Soviet Union can be ex-
visit the tended, it is felt, there is a greater
ffect on chance that the UN can become a
te, and more effective peace-keeping or-
leaders ganization.
Pope's However, the prognosis for the
least a twentieth General Assembly ses-
legates, sion is not an optimistic one.
general There are too many potentially
e usual explosive ,issues on the agenda
re con- which would easily exacerbate
world tensions, making it difficult
to create enough harmony to be-
quarters gin working toward solutions of
rp dis- outstanding problems. But, in its
am war, role as a peace-keeping agency,
areas of the UN is needed now more than
the U.S. ever, and few delegates nor their
pecially governments are expected to ┬░lost
opposed sight of that essential fact.

Whats New
At 764-1817
Councilman John Hathaway presented for the first time at
last night's City Council meeting his proposed ordinance for the
regulation of notorcycles. It includes provisions for: 1) safety
and noise inspection and registration, 2) a night operation per-
mit, 3) a maximum speed of 20 miles per hour within the city,
4) a, one person limit on a cycle, 5) a horsepower classification
system, and 6) requirement of safety helmet and glasses. The
Council will discuss, amend and vote on the proposed ordinance
next week.
The City Council passed last night an ordinance establish-
ing an Ann Arbor Housing Commission, which is designed to
eliminate unsafe and unsanitary housing and use all funds avail-
able to provide low-cost housing for persons in need. The
Council approved the final hearing of the ordinance after a
moving public hearing describing unfortunate cases of persons in
low-indome groups unable to find reasonably-priced housing.
The commission, stimulated by recommendations of the Council
. Housing Committee, the Human Relations Commission and
several other social agencies, is unprecedented in Ann Arbor gov-
ernment. It is especially significant since its existence enables
for the first time the acquisition of federal funds, which will
finance the low-cost housing developments.
Student Governhent Council will discuss off-campus hous-
ing at its regular meeting tomorrow. SGC member Bob Bodkin,
'66, has submitted a proposal to set up an off-campus housing
union under the auspices of SGC and the Graduate Student
Council. The proposed union would seek means of exerting po-
litical power as an effective lobby and investigslte the feasibility'
of student sponsored housing projects.
* * * *
Barry Bluestone, at a University of Michigan Student Em-
ployees Union general meeting Sunday night, announced that
his term as president expires soon and that he will not run again.
He was nominated however and will run for a position on the
organization's executive council. His reasons, he declared, for not
wanting leadership of' U1MiSEU next year were that "the UMSEU
has become equated with Barry Bluestone and I don't want that.
I want new officers so after I leave next year UMSEU will be
It was also decided at the meeting that UMSEU would sup-
port SGC in its drive for a University-operated student book store
instead of making an autonomous effort.
* * * *
Assembly Association passed a motion to support the Student
Government Council's drive for a University bookstore. Mickey
Eisenburg, addressing Assembly, emphasized that other Mich-
igan universities, for instance Wayne State, follow a policy "to
provide a bookstore whose purpose is to give service to students.
But he added that the Regents will not budge until they are
convinced of strong student support of the bookstore. Assembly
representatives have agreed to help enlist student support by
circulating petitions in- their houses. SGC's goal is to obtain
10,000 student signatures.
Assembly Association President Georgia Berland announced
that sample constitutions for the proposed Assembly-Inter-
Quadrangle Council merger are now under consideration by pres-
idents of the men's houses. The main purpose of the merger, she
said, is to eliminate duplication of effort and confusion over
representation of co-ed dormitories. She hopes the merger will
take effect before the opening of Bursley in the fall of 1966.
University Health Service will administer flu shots to students,
staff and their spouses today. The hours are between 8-11:30
a.m. and 1-4:30 p.m. This is the second clinic for first doses of
vaccine; the first drew almost 2,000 last Tuesday. The cost re-
mains $1 for students and their spouses and $1.50 for staff and
their spouses. Health Service says the second shot should be
administered between two weeks to two months after the first.
The vaccine contains a new taiwan strain to combat asian flu.
The University Activities Center's executive council will

Indians Set
ToAgree to
UN Motion Implies
Warning to China To
Stay ut ofBattle
United Nations Security Council
was prepared yesterday to con-
sider invoking a threat of force
if Pakistan and India refuse to
comply with its latest and strong-
est demands for a cease-fire.
A UN spokesman said there was
no reply yet from either country
the the resolution ordering a
cease-fire within 48 hours. It was
approved early Monday by a vote
of 10-0 in the 11-nation council.
Jordan abstained.
In New Delhi, authoritiative
sources said Prime Minister Lal
Bahadur Shastri's ' cabinet had TH
tenatively agreed to accept the
Heed SN
The decision to heed the de-
mand of the UN Security Council
to the resolution ordering a
by tomorrow was taken at a meet-
ing of Shastri and his cabinet, the
sources said. Shastri was expected
to make the announcement to
Parliament Tuesday.
The sources did not say wheth- Co
er Shastri had attached conditions Non-
to the acceptance. The govern- mtn
ment, however, will protest the mitt
continued presence of "infiltra- as A
tors" in Indian Kashmir, the agail
sources reported. row.
Diplomats said privately thatrAP
the . Security Councilhad little AF
choice but to consider a threat of Nam
force, as provided in the UN char- be
ter, if India and Pakistan fail to becai

Fired First

e In






To Fi ght

-Associated Press
IESE THREE SIKKIM youngsters are on a narrow trail above Gangtok, the capital city, in the background, accessible only by road.
It is on this rugged mountainous terrain that India and China threaten to resume their fighting after a three-year calm.
,JG To Consider Fish bowl Sg

TOKYO (P)-A Peking broad-
cast said Communist Chinese
planes shot down a U.S. F104
jet fighter over Hainan Island
The pilot, identified as Capt.
Philips E. Smith, was captured,
the broadcast said.
There was no immediate
comment from .U.S. officials.
The broadcast said the latest
plane approached the island
from the west and carried out
"military provocations" shortly
before noon. "Chinese aircraft
promptly took off and inter-
cepted it," the broadcast said.
implement a cease-fire by Wed-
But they were uncertain wheth-i
er the Soviet Union and Francel
would go along.

has t
is no
it wil
let it

ntroversy over the Student
-Violent Coordinating Com-
ee's Fishbowl sign continues,
Alpha Phi Omega's charges
nst SNCC come up before the
Judiciary Committee tomor-
PO charges the sign, which
sed American troops in Viet
of war crimes, was illegal
use the space used had been
ted for a different purpose.
will decide whether or not to
the case-and if it hears it,
her or not SNCC was guilty
what penalty should be as-
is case brings out the vague-
and confusion that surrounds
cial powers over student ac-
es and the use of space in
Diag and Fishbowl. Just who
the judicial power in the case
t clear.'
PO first brought its charges
re Student Government Coun-
which referred them to JJC.
C electsdnot to hear the case,
1ll, according to SGC member
a Cameron, '67, be referred
to SGC. SGC then can de-
whether to hear the case or
t drop. However, either Vice-
dent for Student Affairs
ard Cutler or the Regents can
rule any decision of JJC or

Perspectives on Viet Nam held last
week, and APO now claims the
sign was illegal because it was
not used for that purpose.
Additional controversy is over
who was responsible for posting
the sign. All previous reports, in-
cluding an OSA statement, have
charged SNCC with responsibility
for the sign.
Membership Organization
SNCC, as such, is not a member-
ship organization, consisting only
of an office staff in Atlanta and
field workers, and it is not offi-

cially recognized on campus. The
campus group is the Friends of
SNCC, a separate and distinct or-
Last Thursday, the day the sign
first appeared, administrators, in-
cluding Cutler and Vice-President
for Academic Affairs, met from 11
a.m. until late afternoon to de-
cide whether the sign should be
ordered down or allowed to re-
During that time, J. Duncan
Sells, director .of student organiza-
tions, called Ann Arbor police fr-

maintain order in the Fishbowl.
Three officers arrived, one of them
a photograhper, but Sells request-
ed that he not take pictures, and
the photographer stopped. z
Unconfirmed rumor said that
pressure from Lansing and prob-
ably Washington was put on ad-
ministrators to order removal of
the sign, but John C. Feldkamp,
assistant to the director of stu-
dent organizations, said he did not
know whether or not the local
FBI office played any role in the

China Back
Asian Dispute Grows:
China Accuses India
Of Border Violations
NEW DELHI (P)-Prime Minis-
ter Lal Bahadur Shastri charged
yesterday that Red China had
fired the first shots across the
Indian border in a campaign to
dominate all Asia. He said India
will fight back,
Red China retorted early Tues-
day with a protest accusing India
of fresh frontier violations by its
troops. The Peking regime also
announced measures to bring the
Chinese militia to "combat readi-
The two giants of Asia seemed
on the verge of picking up the 1962
border war that saw the Chinese
Communists roll back the Indians.
In Pakistan
In Rawalpindi, it was announc-
ed that Pakistan's. foreign min-
ister, Z. A. Bhutto, will leave for
New York later Tuesday to dis-
cuss the cease-fire resolution.
Communist China, with 650 mil-
lion people, has bitterly denounc-
ed India for border violations
along more than 1000 miles of
mountain frontier separating the
Chinese army from the Indian
"The basic objective of China,"
Shastri said, "is to claim for it-
self a position of dominance In
Asia which nd self-respecting na-
tion in Asia is prepared to recog-
Every Asian country has a right
to independence and sovereignty,
he said> and "the dominance of
the Chinese cannot be accepted
by any of them."
India said it will "reject China's
claim to tell us anything about
what we should or should not do
about Kashmir"-the Himalayan
state ownership of which is a basic
cause of India's war with Paki-
Pakistan remained silent on the
Chinese threat to India. Military
briefing officers in Rawalpindi
still laid emphasis on action
around Sfalkot, the Pakistani
town near the border with Indian
The Pakistani officials said
their troops knocked out 40 more
tanks in the Sialkot area as the
fighting there entered its second
week. But they said the pace of
the fighting seems to have slack-

Aliusky Attacks Consensus

"The greatest of all laws is the
law of change. Change means
movement, which means friction,
which means heat and contro-
versy," said Saul Alinsky, noted
professional p r o t e s t organizer,
author and social critic.
He addressed a large audience
Sunday in the League Ballroom
for the first address of the Chal-
lenge Lecture Series.
Today's society, he continued,
is one of "Madison Avenue, mid-
dle-class hygiene-deodorants and
rncn.r.n"OnP ..n nnrmLs t

among the urban poor, has tried
to break through this consensus,
to organize the poor in order to
challenge the power structure of
the large cities.
As Alinsky believes that "prob-
abilities, not cause and effect, are
the basis of social mechanics," he
requires that his organizers study
such an unlikely subject as quan-
tum physics, which rejected the
concept of cause and effect several
decades ago. They also read
issues of major magazines from
the last year of every decade in
order to study the predictions and

as a result of threat. History miss-
es this generator of change."
The independent citizen-groups
that Alinsky sets up in the im-
poverished areas of large cities
are the agents of controversy and
threat. Consensus destroys any
hope for change and, he added-
"Mayor Daley of Chicago and
others have tried to do this to
every independent citizen - group
in this country."
Alinsky attacked the War on
Poverty as an example of "moral-
political dynamism-that is, every

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