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September 16, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-16

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See Editorial Page



743 ii]q


Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
OfficialSees More U.S. Student Loan


The University merits greatly
increased Federal financial assis-
tance for its student loan pro-
gram, a Federal representative
told The Daily yesterday.
Funds will be available under
the Higher Education Act of 1965,
which is now in a Senate-House
conference committee to iron out
differences in the bills passed by
each body. The measure author-
izes, $4.7 billion in Federal aid to
higher education for the years
1966 to 1971.

Peter S. Mousolite, a regional
director of the Department of
Health, Education and Welfare's
Division of Student Financial Aid
praised the University's Office of
Financial Aid as "one of the most
efficient operations I have ever
"I will strongly recommend the
restoration of the University's
total financial request for student
loans this year," Mousolite said.
The University requested $1,282,-
000 in Federal aid for student
loans under the National Defense
Education Act this year, but

Washington cut $200,000 from the
request. The University has al-
ready allocated all the $1,082,000
received this year for student
loans, Walter B. Rea, assistant to
the vice-president for student af-
fairs and director of financial aid
said yesterday.
Mousalite predicted that the
amount of Federal financial aid
available to the University for
student .loans may triple within
the next five years, subject to the
availability of Federal funds.
The maximum amount of loan

money available to undergradu-
ates may be increased from the
present $1000 to $1500 per- year,
he added. The current maximum
for graduate students is $2500.
Mousalite is concluding a two-
day visit to the campus, duringi
which he conferred with many
high officials about the Univer-
sity's expanding financial needs.
The Federal representative ex-
pressed concern that the rising
costs of college education com-
bined with increased loan oppor-I
tunities may contribute to a heavy
financial burden upon students

who have obtained loans. Often a
student may owe the University
more than' $3,000 when he grad-
uates, although he has eleven
years in which to repay this
amount with 3 per cent simple
Mousilte recommended increased
use of the College Work-Study
Program, under which students
from low-income families are
granted special opportunities for
part-time employment while in
college. The University has not
adopted the College Work-Study
Program, but it has a special Op-

portunity Award Program for able'
students from low-income famil-
ies. These students are granted
up to $1500 per year to cover
tuition and living expenses.
Under the new Higher Educa-
tion Act, aid for "tuition-impov-
erished" families will be available
under a "guaranteed loan" pro-
gram. These funds are designed
for upper-middle income families
which have several students in
college simultaneously.
Mousolite was also optimistic
over the availability of more funds

for the University's library sys-
He praised the University as an
institution that "emphasizes the
intellectual aspects of its activi-
ties" and fosters the stated aims
of higher education--to encourage
learning and promote concern for
the responsibilities of democracy.
More than 1550 University stu-
dents are receiving loans through
the NDEA program this year, an
increase of 150 over last year.
The average loan totals $750 per
year, and is expected to rise to
$800 next year. The number of

students-iwho will be granted such
loans is expected to rise.
There are no restrictions on
the use of the money given out
through the NDEA program. How-
ever, the Office of Financial Aid
does distribute the loans carefully.
The student who borrows money
through the program can repay
as much as he can afford, without
interest, until one year after he
graduates. He then has 10 more
years to repay the remainder at
three per cent interest.



What's New
At 764-1817
Voice is planning civil disobedience demonstrations Oct. 15
to demand withdrawal of United States troops from Viet Nam,
according to Anita Brothman, Voice Viet Nam chairman. Her
committee will make definite plans when they meet at 7:30 next
Wednesday night in the Union. Miss Brothman explained that
national Students for a Democratic Society has urged all its
chapters to participate in this action, originally called at the
University of California, Berkeley.
J. Duncan Sells, director of student activities and organiza-
tions, said yesterday afternoon that some students have with-
drawn from the University because they were placed in rooms
with Negroes and the University refused to move them.
* * * *
Robert Goyer, Grad, chairman of the Graduate Student
Council housing committee said last night that he did not
represent GSC at the meetings with administrators last week,
but that he spoke only for the housing committee. He added
that no one on GSC's housing, committee or on the .council has
endorsed the Voice housing committee, though they are "eager
to cooperate with anyone on the housing problem, including
Panhellenic Association recently approved a budget of ap-
proximately $10,000 for the 1965-66 school year. This is an
increase of about $2,500 over last year's budget.
Student Government Council will discuss election rules
procedures at its meeting tonight. Also under consideration will
be a motion to give money to the Tutorial and Cultural Relations
Project and a motion to impose fines for the abuse of space in
the diag and fishbowl.
* ,- * *
Graduate Student Council, in its first meeting this year,
unanimously passed a resolution last night directing the GSC
Housing Committee to participate in an "open forum" - with
SGC and other interested groups to disseminate information and
to work with the University in solving local housing problems.
It also unanimously passed a resolution praising Vice-President
for Student Affairs Richard L. Cutler for his efforts on behalf
of students and urging all students to continue to provide him
with their support.
At its meeting last night, Interquadrangle Council stressed
a need for far-sighted planning from both the University and
the city. The council established a student committee to meet
with Vice-President for Student Affairs Richard Cutler to discuss
plans for future campus housing. It investigated a current
shortage of workers in the dormitories and possible decline in
quality of food and other services there. In addition council be-
gan a move to increase paiking facilities and investigate legisla-
tion on motorcycles.
President Harlan Hatcher's Off-Campus Housing Commission
is preparing what will probably be the most controversial and
far-reaching report on housing since the Michigan House Plan
appeared almost 30 years ago. The commission will reportedly
take a strong stand for much more University involvement in
student housing, particularly for graduate and married students.
Strong criticism of the residence halls is also a possibility, since
the housing survey the group ran several months ago showed
dormitory residents to be the most dissatisfied with their
housing of all student groups. The commission's report is
scheduled for completion by the end of the month.
Prof. Stanford Ericksen, director of the University's Center
for Research on Learning and Teaching, said in a "Memo to
the Faculty" the "teaching fellow" is here to stay. As the under-
graduate enrollment doubles, more instructors will be needed, he
feels. The University met the demand this year by hiring more
than 950 teaching fellows. He said the University regards their
employment as a means not ony of meeting its own classroom
needs but, also, of preparing future college teachers.
Long Distance
The University and Michigan State University will co-
sponsor a lecture series of six controversial topics on consecutive
Monday evenings beginning Oct. 4 in the University's Rackham
Aud. and Oct. 18 in Room 224, Anthony Hall in East Lansing.
All sessions will be held from 7:30 to 9:30 p.m. The speakers
will be Leroy Augenstein, L. A. Peter Gosling, James McConnel,
Marvin Felheim, 'Everett Beneke and Georges Joyaux.

* *

Potential High Soviet Struggle Seen

Kosygin and
Brezhnev To
Be Replaced
Correspondent Scali
Sees Russian Farm
Crisis a Major Cause
NEW YORK () -News com-
mentator John Scali reported last
night that high American officials
in Washington believe a Soviet
power struggle may be under way
that could lead to deposing both
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin and
Communist party chief Leonid I.
Scali, diplomatic correspondent
for the American Broadcasting
Co., reported on radio and tele-
vision newscasts that "many re-
ports predicting a shakeup in the
Kremlin are flooding into Wash-
One report, Scali said, predicts
that Kosygin and Brezhnev "will
be booted out of office for failing
to make a dent in Russia's eco-
nomic and farm crisis.
Shelepin, Suslov
"Their successors, according to
this report," Scali continued,
"would' be Alexander Shelepin,
the tough 47-year-old former chief
of Russia's secret police, who
would replace Kosygin, and Mik-
hail Suslov, top Communist theo-
i'etician, who would become party
Suslov has often written tracts
denouncing the Chinese position
and also has been severely critical
of the United States in the past.
Both he and Shelepin are regard-
ed as significantly more anti-
American than Brezhnev and
"Kosygin would be shifted to a
minor post, according to this re-
port, and Brezhnev would become
president, succeeding A n a s t a s
Mikoyan, who would retire," Scali
President for Ceremony
The presidency of the Soviet
Union is not a position of power
but largely an honorary and cere-
monial post. Mikoyan was ele-
vated to the presidency last year
after a long party career.
"Western intelligence authori-
ties are nervously watching de-
velopments," Scali went on. "All
agree that if Shelepin comes to
power, it would be an ominous
development. On several occasions
he has boasted privately to West-
erners that he's much tougher
than Russia's present leaders and
he gives every sign of believing
his star is on the rise."
If either Shelepin or Suslov or
both came to power, experts say
that the position of the Russians1
would move closer to that of the1
Foreshadowings of a power
struggle in the Kremlin were
given in the past week when
Pravda, the Soviet government
newspaper, and Izvestia, the gov-
ernment newspaper, differed on
major policy.










'U' B







--Daily-Richard Cooper -Daily-John PollockC
THIS POSTER WAS THE CAUSE OF DEBATE and administrative conferences yesterday. Posted in the Fishbowl, it drew day-long
crowds debating its taste and the deeper is sues of American policies in Asia.
Fish Bowl Poster AtacigUS.
i it i
Acivtin ie l mS rkero

Cutler Will
Leave Sign
Day-Long Meetings
End with;,No Action,
S+GC To Investigate
University officials refused to
budge yesterday in the face of
widespread demands for removal
of a controversial Student Non-
Violent Coordinating Committee
sign in the Fishbowl.
The sign stated in large let-
ters that "In Viet Nam U.S. Sol-
diers Are Committing War Crimes"
followed by an arrow pointing di-
rectly at the Navy and Marine
recruiting tables set up in the
Fishbowl. The sign went on to
quote from the International
Criminal Code adopted by the UN.
The sign drew immediate pro-
tests, from students, faculty and
sources outside the University
community, demanding its remov-
During the day there followed a
series of hurried consultations
beginning with a meeting at 11
a.m. between Vice-Piesident for
Student Affairs Richard L. Cutler
and Vice-President for Academic
Affairs Allan Smith. They were
joined at various times by Dean
William Haber of the literary col-
lege and assistant, William Hays,
Dean J. Duncan Sells of the Law
School and Gary Cunningham, of
Student Government Council.
These discussions were mainly
concerned with the legality of the
sign, as the SNCC table had been
set up with the intention of pub-
licizing only the International
Conference on Alternative Per-
spectives for Viet Nam.
Rumors that administrators
would order the removal of the
sign prompted members of SNCC
and other groups who had been
responsible for-its posting to meet
with them to clarify and justify
their position.
The question of whether or
not the sign would be allowed
to remain, however, was left un-
answered until 'much later in the
afternoon. Cutler then met with
Stanley Nadel of the Committee
to Aid the Vietnamese People, Bar-
ry Bluestone of UMSEU and Steve
Schwartz of SGC to convey the
administration's decision.
Cutler made a statement at the
conclusion'of this meeting which
made it clear that the University
would take no action to have the
sign removed, but that the fol-
lowing decisions-had been reached:
-That SNCC was technically
in violation of a regulation con-
cerning the utilization of the Fish-

Discussion and emotional out-
bursts yesterday surrounded thr
sign in the Fishbowl condemnint
American military actions in Viet
Opinions varied not only as to
the taste and value of the sign
but also as to the more basic is-
sues involved. Discussion continued
all afternoon mainly between those
who were either radically in fa-
vor of present policy or radically
against it. Those whose opinions
fell somewhere in between were
generally silent.
Janis Bomis, '66 said of the

sign, "I think it's a disgrace to
the University and to the United
States." Miss Bomis, one of the
more prominent figures opposing
the sign, was in the thick of the
Barry Bluestone, '66, president
of the University of Michigan
Student Employes Union, termed
the sign "terrific" and said he
thought it was an example of the
kind of discussion necessary on
Viet Nam and other issues.
Michael McClatchey, '69, mem-
ber of the Committee to Aid
the Vietnamese People, the group
which posted the sign, said, "I

don't think we're in a position to
evaluate what's good for the
world," and added, "the Vietna-
mese people are the Viet Cong."
An unidentified man in the
crowd surrounding the sign com-
mented on the committee mem-
bers' suitability to serve in the
armed forces. "When they pulled
their shirts off the yellow streak
would show," he said..
Not Offensive
William Haber, dean of the lit-
erary college, said, "Members of
the faculty and students have been
calling my office all day to com-
plain that the sign was in bad
taste, was offensive to both stu-

dents and faculty and in addition
was not in accord with the pur-
poses for which permission for the
table was granted." When asked
what he personally thought of the
sign he said, "I think it is offen-
The Navy and Marine recruiters
pointed out by the arrow on the
sign took the raging debate calm-
ly. "It has increased my business,"
said Capt. Norbert Beckman, Ma-
rine recruiter. Beckman thought
the sign had "polarized student
The naval recruiters declined to
Appeal, At Any Rate
One of the major criticisms of
the sign was its proponents' purely
emotional appeal. Some students
took this attitude as an insult to
their intelligence.
Alex Goodwin, '66, called the
sign, "One of the most undigni-
fied things that group has ever
perpetrated." He called the com-
mittee members "left wing Mc-

Ohio State Free Speech Ban Eased;

Controversial Speakers to be Permitted



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