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September 14, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-14

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See Editorial Page

tj:4 P


43a t

Morning fog followed by
clearing in afternoon

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
Battle Over Dirksen Amendment: Inside k
EDITO'S NOTE: This is the third man-one vote" ruling on legisla- state legislation-but it appalled tice Department's civil rights di- greatly concerned, as were many be put to a vote with any propos- The next day, the committee k
sn afsis o hngosatiCl of i s- tive apportionment. many conservatives, who saw their vision, and others voiced a charge other senators, about the possibil- ed vote-weighting plan, rather met-and Dirksen, his position un- I
summer, where Daily reporter Mark Included in the story behind political influence and their in- that was influential in securing ity that Dirksen's proposal might than solely when the vote-weight- dermined still further by the ab- li
Killngsworth served as a congres- Dirksen's amendment are an his- terests, legitimate and otherwise, the opposition of numerous sena- permit racial gerrymandering. ing plan is first submitted, as in sence of three supporters, exercis- a
siynal legaiative assistant and The toric Supreme Court decision, some in peril. tors-that the proposal would in- As a result, Javits said, he would Dirksen's proposal, which provided ed his privilege as the ranking
Daily's Washington bureau.,'-brilliant parliamentary trickery, A 1964 attempt at preventing evitably hurt Negroes, many of oppose the Dirksen amendment. for a yes-or-no vote every 10 minority member of the commit-
By MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH some political horse-trading, a the federal courts from exercis- whom live in large cities. The only vote-weighting plan he years thereafter on the vote- tee and stalled for time, asking s
Special To The Daily , last - minute behind - the - scenes ing jurisdiction in matters of state The Dirksen amendment easily would support, he added, was a weighting plan; that consideration of the proposal v
shift by the administration and apportionment passed the House passed a three-member subcom- proposal he was submitting as an -Insure that a vote-weighting be put off for a week. e .
WASHINGTON - "It will not a tense showdown. but was filibustered to. death in mittee, but the situation in the amendment to the Dirksen pro- plan could not be racially gerry- That's that thought Dirksen's r
die. I do not propose to let it die. The story began on June 15, the Senate. full Judiciary committee was far posal-which Dirksen had already mandered, and opponents..But they underestimat-
There will be other proposed leg- 1964, when the United States Si- Then, in January of this year, from clear. told him was unacceptable to him. -The key difference between ed the Illinois Republican.e
islation. There will be a place to preme Court, acting on a large Dirksen introduced a constitu- It soon began to appear that Javits said his amendment made his and Dirksen's proposal, and On July 22, he moved to callr
hook it on. I may not succeed, number of suits concerning mal- tional amendment to allow the the still-undecided Sen. Jacob K. "basic changes" in the Dirksen the basis for Dirksen's opposition, up Senate Joint Resolution 66, to
but this I must do for the people apportioned state legislatures, rul- people of a state to vote to ap- Javits (R-NY) held the deciding measure which would: Javits' plan also would "untie the call the first week in Septem-v
of my state and the people of oth~ ed in Reynolds vs. Sims that both portion one house of their leg- vote in committee, which was split -Insure that population would Supreme Court's hands" and let ber "National American Legion
er states." houses of a state legislature must islature on "factors other than eight for and seven against the always be a factor in apportion- it judge if a vote-weighting plan Baseball Week."
Everett McKinley Dirksen, the consist solely of districts drawn population" if such a plan were measure. ment, unlike Dirksen's proposal, bore a "reasonal relationship to It turned out that an obscure s
Senate minority leader, was fin- on the basis of substantial equal- then submitted to a yes-or-no ref- Then, July 19, Javits announc- while still allowing other factors, the needs of the state." Senate rule permitted Dirksen toa
ishing up a classic Dirksen speech ity of population. erendum every 10 years. And the ed that while he sympathized with such as geography and land, to Javits' announcement meant an strike out everything in the reso-
on August 4 as the Senate prepar- This pleased liberals-who had battle over the Dirksen amend- the .aims of the Dirksen proposal be included in the aportionment eight-eight tie vote in the Judi- lution after its enacting clause 1
ed to vote on his controversial long contended that rurally-domi- ment began. -to allow vote-weighting in state of ore house; ciary committee the next day, and substitute his constitutional -
constitutional amendment to over- nated gerrymandered state legis- During hearings, Burke Mar- legislatures to protect rural and -Require that a straight-popu- and that the Dirksen amendment amendment. -t
turn the Supreme Court's "one latures had blocked progressive shall, formally chief of the Jus- other interests-he had also been lation apportionment plan always would not get onto the floor. The liberals were stunned. Led

by Sen. Paul Douglas (D-Ill).
Dirksen's senior colleague from Il-
inois, they began to mount the
attack all over again.
Majority Leader Mike Mansfield
D-Wyo), who supported the Dirk-
en amendment, did not actively
work with Dirksen, but agreed to
et Dirksen call up the baseball
resolution, and helped secure
agreement for the Senate to vote
an the Dirksen proposal on Wed-
nesday, August 4.
In the meantime, political
wheels had been spinning all over
President Johnson, observers
say, wanted to avoid getting into
a political controversy over the
Dirksen amendment-which might
be scuttled in committee anyway
--and was also extremely reluc-
ant to challenges Dirksen direct-
See DIRKSEN, Page 6

hat's New
Administrative insiders predict state legislators are in for
a shock later this month when the University unveils its operating
budget request for the 1966-67 fiscal year. The budget's total
is reported to be close to $70 million. That's more than $14 mil-
lion above what the Regents requested last year and over $18
million more than the Legislature appropriated. The figures
include money to support the final phase of transforming Flint
College into a four-year operation.
City Administrator Guy C. Larcom announced at last night's
City Council meeting that the developer of the new 26-story high-
rise, Peter Kleinpell, had approached him during the last week to
negotiate a better parkingspace agreement than the 33 per cent
now required. Such agreement would be beyond limitations set
up by the city permit and more in concurrment wit hthe recom-
mendations in the high-rise report.
Because of the developer's willingness to negotiate, he felt
that further proposals to bring the structure more in line with
such recommendations were unnecessary.
Also in regard to high rise, City Attorney Jacob Farnum sub-
mitted a report which stated in effect, that the fact that the
Council issues a permit to a developer does not mean that further
limitations beyond those stated in the permit cannot be demanded.
Rev. J. Edgar Edwards of the Guild House, Allan F. Smith,
vice-president for academic affairs, Herbert Kelman of the
sociology department and the Center for Research on Conflict
4 Resolution, Dom. David Steindl-Rast, a Benedictine Monk, and
Jules Roy, a distinguished French writer, will be the first speakers
at the International Conference on Alternate Perspectives to
Viet Nam. They will lecture today from 9 am. to noon at
Rackham Aud.
The joint committee of low cost housing decided last night
to be an independent organization welcoming any other organi-
zations on campus for backing. They also decided to separate
into small committee units to further investigate into the present
housing situation in Ann Arbor.
Construction of the ten-unit Cedar Bend housing complex
on North Campus is proceeding rapidly. The co-educational facili-
ties designed for 1,200 students is expected to be ready for
occupancy by next fall.
"Krapp's Last Tape," an avant-garde play by Samuel
Beckett, will be added to Archibald MacLeish's "Herakles" in a
double bill in the forthcoming 1965 Fall Festival in Ann Arbor,
Sept. 28 to Nov. 14, sponsored by the University's Professional
Theatre Program. Beckett's play was described by critics as
4 "fascinating theatre of the absurd." Donald Moffat who played
a leading role in "War and Peace" last fall, will star.
One-hundred-seventy freshmen-30 fewer than originally ex-
pected-began attending class at the University's Flint College
branch yesterday. Largely because of the new freshmen, enroll-
ment at the formerly junior-senior branch is now at a record
high 832. The school's future, however, is still up in the air: al-
though the State Board of Education recommended last April
that no freshman classes be enrolled after this year and that the
branch itself soon be replaced by an independent foui-year in-
stitution, sources have indicated that the University would
rather continue admitting freshmen so that a smooth transi-
tion from the branch to the new school can take place.
4 * 4 *
The Ypsilanti Greek -Theater has engaged two Greek com-
posers to write original music for the classical productions of the
theater: Manos Hadjidakis, composer of the score for the film,
"Never on Sunday," and Iannis Xenakias, noted for his
experimental music. Hadjidakis will write the scores for the
Greek comedies, and Xenakias for the tragedies. In addition,
Alexis Soiomos, artistic director, predicted that the theater
would probably be commissioning new translations of the Greek,
since most of the present translations are too academically
Busy Signal
The University Health Service will hold influenza vaccina-






U.S. Upholds
Pakistan- Aid
Nine Nations Plan
To Commit Resources
For Nation's Progress
WASHINGTON (P) -'Secretary
of State Dean Rusk advised Com-
munist China yesterday to keep
out of the India-Pakistan con-
flict' and let the UN Security
Council settle the undeclared war
over Kashmir.
A State Department spokesman
also strongly indicated the United
States will hold up a new eco-
nomic aid program of about $250
million to Pakistan as'long as the
shooting continues.
Nine nations including the
United States are scheduled to
meet with the World Bank Sept.
23 to pool resources they are will-
ing to commit in support of Pakis-
tan's economic development.
Seeking To Explore
Rusk, speaking to newsmen after
a closed, hour-long meeting with
the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, expressed the view
that Communist China has been
fishing in troubled waters in seek-
ing to exploit the India-Pakistan
"Our own advice to Peking
would be to stay out and let the
Security Council settle it," he
Noting that the UN Security
Council, including the Soviet Un-
ion, was unanimous in calling for
a cease-fire, Rusk said he thinks
the Soviet attitude has been help-
ful thus far.
In Moscow
And in Moscow, a statement
distributed by the government
news agency Tass seemed to be
taking Communist China to task
because it has sided with Pakis-
tan, and raised once more the
threat of new hostilities along the
Chinese-Indian border in the Hi-
It also accused the United States
of exploiting the fighting over
Kashmir to distract attention
from the war in Viet Nam.
"There are, however, forces
which seek to profit by the wor-
sened Indian-Pakistani relations,"
the statement declared. "By their
incendiary statements they push
them toward the further aggra-
vation of the military conflict."
In Pakistan a report said the
ambassador had succeeded in re-
moving obstacles to the evacula-
tion of Americans from Pakistan
after a meeting with Z. A. Bhuttp,
Pakistani foreign minister. An air-
lift was expected to begin by mid-





-Daily-Steve Goidstein
These unfortunates wait for the Hill Aud. box office to open for a chance at the remaining Kingston Trio tickets. Some armed with
army blankets waited in line all night.


Project Camelot Creates Danger
For Research in Social Sciences

U.N. Offieia1
,Meets with
Little Progress Made
On Cease-Fire Plan
During Discussions
NEW DELHI (W)-United Na-
ions Secretary-General U Thant's
mission to end the fighting be-
tween India and Pakistan appear-
ed stymied last 'night and there
were signs he ' would seek help
from world powers.
Reports of victories in the field
hardened India's stand on its
terms for a" cease-fire. Pakistan
voiced similar claims of victory on
the western front around Lahore
and Sialkot in Pakistan. It showed
no willingness to compromise.
Thant met with Foreign Minis-
ter Swaran Singh and later met
privately with the Soviet charge
d'affaires in New Delhi, Alexei A.
Rodionov. A UN spokesman said
they discussed the possibility of
Thant's return to UN headquarters
in New York by way of Moscow.
OnlyChange Planes
While UN officials said this
would be only a stop to change
planes, there were reports Thant
.wanted to see Premier Alexei N.
A short time after Thant met
with the Soviet envoy, word
reached New Delhi of a new Soviet
appeal for ap end to the fighting.
A Soviet statement carried by
the government news agency Tass
said the Soviet Union is seriously
alarmed by the hostilities and
voiced fear that it might involve
the entire world.
The Soviet statement appeared
to be aimed at Communist China,
which supports Pakistan and
once again has raised fears of a
renewal of the 1962 border con-
flict between India and China.
Indian officials privately ac-
knowledged that if anything could
force an end to the conflict it
would be pressure by the Soviet
Union and other powers, especially
the United States and Britain.
The United States has contrib-
uted more than $6 billion to In-
dia's economic development since
Any threat to cut off this eco-
nomic assistance--military aid al-
ready has been stopped-would
bring great pressure on Prime
Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri.
Shastri did not meet Thant
Monday, but called into session
his full Cabinet and later its
emergency committee to discuss
his meeting with the secretary-
general Sunday.
It was clear that a show of
compromise by Shastri could ser-
ious~ly jeopardize his political fu-

Prof. Irving Louis Horowitz, not-
ed sociologist and author of books
on counter-insurgency, radicalism
and the implementation of so-
ciology in underdeveloped nations,
spoke yesterday of the "crisis in
the system of sociology" created
by "Project Camelot," a now de-
funct program financed by the De-
fense Department.
The program was designed to
study the nature of insurgency
and counter-insurgency in under-
developed nations.

It was begun in 1964, and was
disbanded recently because of
charges by social scientists and
the government of Chile that the
federal government was attempt-
ing to use them as "spies" in
Latin America.,
Horowitz, who is at the Univer-
sity for the International Confer-
ence on Alternative Perspectives
on South Viet Nam, spoke at a
sociology colloquium on the im-
plications of "Project Camelot" on
sociology. .
. The general purposes of the
project-as stated in a memo that

solicited participation by promi-
nent sociologists and social psy-
chologists-were to offer opportu-
nities to participants to predict
and control conditions leading to
"internal war" (i.e., social revolu-
tions) in various countries. and to
identify actions which a govern-
ment could take to undercut the
elements supporting these views.
"Camelot" was oriented towards
Latin American nations, the memo
said, and foresaw the establish-
ment of a field office somewhere
in South America.
The memo was sent to approxi-

Conference To Center Attention
On Stud ents' Economic Welfare

mately 25 experts on Latin Amer-
ican society. It discussed the Unit-
ed States Army's "positive role"
working "against insurgency" and
"for progress" in underdeveloped
nations. It emphasized actions de-
signed to reduce "sources of qis-
satisfaction" in these nations.
Horowitz said he was one of
the few people, and the only one
of the nation's approximately 7,-
000 sociologists, to attempt to in-
vestigate what had gone on in the
program and why it had stopped.,
This he considered a sad commen-
tary on his fellow sociologists.
Horowitz expressed concern for
the future of sociology and social
science research generally because
of several aspects of the "Came-
lot" program. For example, the
project was using the largest
amount of money ever expended
on a sociology program. Horowitz
saw this as a possible avenue
leading to further and more direct
federal control over research work.
As one aspect of the program,
its directors offered $2000 to social
scientists to participate in a pro-
gram covering several weeks in
the summer. Many of those at-
tending, or asked to attend, were
from Latin American nations,

Barry Bluestone, president of
the University of Michigan Stu-
dent Employees' Union, announced
Saturday that "Know Your Uni-
versity Day" will take place on
Oct. 7.
According to Bluestone, the

policies of the university," Blue-
stone pointed out. "In recent
years, the university has become
less egalitarian and less concerned
with the interests of the lower
class," he said.
According to UMSEU policy,
educational opportunities offered
by i Trehiran iunitnvrsties "shoul~d

explore alternative financial plans
to those currently in effect. Uni-
versity-built low rent apartments
financed by state funds or Uni-
versity owned stocks and bonds
will be among the possibilities dis-
Day's Highlights
The highlightsR of the day will

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