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September 11, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-11

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PACE ".t'nftgg'


R ra ta ai A as av a:. EA


Riepublic (M-)-The way President
Hector Garcia-Godoy handled his
first serious crisis has many Do-
minicans wondering about the ef-
fectiveness-even survival-of the
new provisional government.
The young president put aside
with apparent discretion and
firmness a threatening mutiny in
the military ranks by ousting a
controversial officer, Gen. Elias
Wessin y Wessin.
In doing this, the president was
believed yielding partly to the
demands of the nationalistic sec-
tor that advocates a thorough
armed forces shakeup, starting

Policy Causes

with Wessin's removal.
Balm for Conservatives
It was felt Garcia-Godoy came
up with balm for conservatives
and antirebels by retaining, at
least temporarily, the old military
chiefs in office.
A preliminary impression among
critics on both sides of this di-
vided city is that in trying to
satisfy everyone the president has
created an image of flexible lead-
ership where, because of the rela-
tively short life of his government,
a quick and decisive hand is re-
The president's readily apparent
reliance on the Organization of

American States political commit-
tee and the inter-American peace
force for counsel and material
support in booting out Wessin has
drawn criticism among politically'
prominent Dominicans who feel
he should have first tried it purely
on his own before resorting to,
outside help.
Prorebel Sympathies
There is hardly any question he
has further alienated conserva-
tives who now regard the Wessin
ouster as clear proof of prorebel
sympathies. Deep anger and re-
sentment among Wessin's troops
were apparent to reporters. Still'
before the president is the pos-

sibly even stickier problem of
civilian disarmament, the most
important phase of the national
unification process.
The rebel far left, clamoring
for a united front against "Yan-
kee imperialism," already has
voiced opposition to demilitariza-
tion. A considerable portion of
weapons turned over to the civil-
ian population, particularly on the
rebel side, has either been smug-
gled into the interior or hidden
in the city for possible future use.
Armed Civilians
There is a gag among Domini-
cans that arms smuggling was so
intense that the civilian popula-

tion is now better armed than the
There have been verified re-
ports of beatings by national po-
lice and troops of rebel civilians
attempting to return to their
homes outside the rebel sector.
The United States State De-
partment confirmed yesterday
that a U.S. plane took controver-
sial Dominican Gen. Elias Wessin
y Wessin for a ride-but declined
to say whether he went "volun-
Wessin was flown out of the
country Thursday night. News ac-
counts indicated he had consider-
able armed escort.


Takes Advantage




Thant Finds
Little Hope in
Peace Talks
Pakistan Insists on
Plebiscite To Settle
Kashmir Conflict
RAWALPINDI, Pakistan (A')-U
Thant pressed his peace mission
apparently without success yes-
terday in Rawalpindi while the
Pakistani army announced it was
aiming a drive at the northern
Indian city of Amritsar.
The UN secretary-general had
a conference with Foreign Min-
ister Z. A. Bhutto, but President
Mohammed Ayub Khan did not
While no official word was giv-
en on progress of the talks, a
qualified source said: "Thant's
visit is like a Boy Scout blowing
his whistle-tweet, tweet - and
telling us to be good. We have
been good long enough and now
we must fight."
Insists on Plebiscite
Official sources hinted Paki-
stan was standing firm on its
position that there must be a
plebiscite in the divided state of
Kashmir, the cause for the out-
break last week of fighting be-
tween the two nations.
Pakistan feels such a vote would
find most Kashmiris voting for
Pakistan rule. The people of Kash-
mir are predominantly Moslem,
as is Pakistan. The Hindu Mah-
arajah of Kashmir ceded the state
to India in 1947, a step which
lies at the root of the conflict.
Fighting began after the 1947
cession and the United Nations
stopped it.
A government spokesman said
Thant probably will leave tomor-
row for New Delhi on the second
leg of his cease-fire mission
aboard U.S. Ambassador Walter
P. McConnaugh's private plane.
There are no commercial flights
between India and Pakistan be-
cause of the war.
Pushing Forward
A government spokesman said
the Pakistani army is pushing for-
ward in three sectors of the La-
bore front about 160 miles south-
east of Rawalpindi.
He asserted Pakistani forces had
captured a number of Indian po-
sitions around Wagah, an Indian
town near the border 20 miles
west of Amritsar.
India launched an offensive on
the Lahore front Monday and
pushed into Pakstan territory not
far from Lahore, which is 15 miles
inside Pakistan. The Pakistani
counter-offensive opened Thurs-
Indian Troops Driven Back
Pakistan says all Indian troops
on this front now have been driv-
en back across the border.
The spokesman gave these de-
In the Sialkot sector 60 miles
north of Lahore, where Indian
troops invaded Pakistan Wednes-
day, all Indian attacks have been
"completely foiled."
On the front 600 miles to the
south of Sialkot, the Indian forc-
es that invaded Pakistan Wednes-
day have been thrown back across
the border.
Extensive damage was claimed
bn a string of airbases raided dur-
ing the morning, including Path-
ankot, northeast of the Lahore
front; Jodphur, 375 miles north-
east of Pakistan's port of Ka-
rachi back of the southern front,
and Janagara, on the coast 240
miles south of Karachi.
Intense Diplomatic Activity
Meanwhile, there was intense
diplomatic activity in New Delhi
Am mnv natin n n rssur on

Land Force
Pushes Back
Indian Army
Indian Optimism
Dims As Hope for
Quick Victory Fades
NEW DELHI, India (P)-Paki-
stani troops and tanks took the
offensive on the northern plains!
yesterday, driving back invading
Indian troops and dimming In-
dia's optimism for a quick victory.
New Delhi charged Pakistani
planes raided a key airbase in
eastern India.
Defense Minister Y. B. Chavan
told a somber Parliament that
Pakistani artillery was shelling
Ferozepore, 10 miles inside India
in the north-and indication that
Pakistani -troops had broken
" across the border.
However, there was no sign New
Delhi wanted to call off the fight.
Meeting on the eve of the ar-

i7 f k . 1' i

I Ii ii

rival in India of UN
General U Thant on a
sion, Prime Minister
dur Shastri's political
mand said, in effect:
ing down."

peace mis-
Lal Baha-
high com-
"No back-

-Associated Press
THIS BURNED WRECKAGE IS ALL THAT remains of a car that stood in front of the Indian
embassy in Jakarta, capital of Indonesia. The car was turned over last Thursday by a mob of 500
Indonesians who stormed the embassy in protest to India's conflict with Pakistan.
198 Viet Cong Killed in
Four-Day Peninsula Stvwep

By The Associated Press
A major operation on the Cape
Batangan peninsula by a U.S.
Marine regiment and two South
Vietnamese battalions ended yes-
terday, and Military officials re-
ported 198 Viet Cong killed dur-
ing the four-day sweep.
A U.S. Marine spokesman said
38 of the enemy were captured,
265 Viet Cong suspects detained
and 22 weapons confiscated.
Marine and South Vietnamese
troops suffered light casualties,
it was reported.
21st Bombing
In addition, U.S. Air Force B-
52's, making their fourth announc-
ed raid in a week and their 21st
of the Viet Nam war, bombed a
suspected Viet Cong stronghold
yesterday in the central highlands
of South Viet Nam, a U.S. mili-
tary spokesman reported.
Reliable informants said the

strike was carried out against
what was believed to have been a
Viet Cong communications center
30 miles northwest of the town
of Quang Ngai, about 325 miles
northeast of Saigon. They said
other aircraft followed up the B-
52 raid and helicopters then fer-
ried U.S. and Vietnamese troops
into the target area.
Military spokesmen under se-
curity regulations, gave no de-
Viet Cong Flee
But informants said the troops
found communications wire and
crude bamboo structures and spot-
ted a number of Viet Cong flee-
ing. One body was found. No
American or Vietnamese casual-
ties were reported.
In ground action, 10 Viet Cong
were reported killed Thursday in
the central highlands and the
Mekong River delta. Vietnamese

losses yere reported to have been
In another encounter in the
delta, 100 miles southwest of Sai-
gon, helicopter crewmen estimat-
ed they killed 14 Viet Cong in a
rice paddy.
Toy Raid
Meanwhile, U.S. Air Force planes
aimed another "toy raid" over
North Viet Nam Thursday, drop-
ping packages of soap, school
school supplies and toys on five
population centers. The raid was
in observance of Children's Day
in Viet Nam. A psychological war-
fare expert said 24 million leaf-
lets explaining U.S.-Vietnamese
policies have, been dropped over
North Viet Nam since mid-April.
He said Radio Hanoi and publi-
cations in North Viet Nam have
assailed the drops, and he added:
"We feel we are hitting a sensi-
tive spot."

Getting Nowhere
A dispatch from Rawalpindi,
the Pakistani capital, indicated
Thant was getting nowhere on the
first leg of his peace mission.
Pakistani officials were reported
firm in demanding a plebiscite in
Kashmir-the cause of the cur-
rent fighting-to see whether that
divided Himalayan state prefers
Indian or Pakistani rule.
Both belligerents got an appeal
from Moscow to end the fighting.
Communist party chief Leonid I.
Brezhnev said India and Pakistan
should withdraw their forces to
their old positions.
Two allies of Pakistan in the
Central Treaty Organization, Tur-
key and Iran, agreed in Istanbul
to send the Pakistanis guns, am-
munition and aviation fuel but
balked at furnishing jet fighters,
informed Turkish sources report-
Invasion Not Going Well
Chavan's announcement of the
withdrawal on what has come to
be known as the Lahore front
was the first official word that
the invasion that began there
Monday was not going well.
Parliament, which had cheered
Monday when he announced the
invasion, listened silently as he
said: "In the Kasur sector, the
Pakistanis have put up very heavy
counterattacks with tanks and we
have had to withdraw from our
forward positions. Some shells
have fallen on Ferozepore."
Chavan claimed that on the
whole, India's objectives in the
three-pronged invasions of West
Pakistan-the drive Monday to-
ward Lahore and the two Wed-
nesday in the far north and south
-had been achieved.
While India's army of about
one million men outnumbers Paki-
stan's by 5-1, the actual odds are
less than half that because India
must keep an army posted on the
Himalayan border opposite Red
China. Red China's ominous
rumblings the past few days have
led to fears it may start a diver-
sion along the border to help
The report that Pakistani troops
on this front had invaded India
came from a spokesman in Rawal-
pindi. He asserted Pakistani
forces overran Indian border po-
sitions and were aiming their
drive at Amritsar, 20 miles inside
India and 50 miles north of

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., in a
talk yesterday with U.S. Ambas-
sador Arthur J. Goldberg, urged
a reversal of United States policy
toward admission of Communist
China to the United Nations.
At a news conference after an
hour's visit with Goldberg, King
expressed concern about recent
belligerent statements coming
from China, but said it was time
for the United States to "serious-
ly consider" its negative attitude
toward giving Peking a UN seat.
* * *
ricane Betsy, merciful of life but
a ravager of property, smote New
Orleans yesterday with possibly its
greatest natural disaster.
Betsy wasted away into a tropi-
cal storm over northeastern Loui-
siana after claiming 11 lives-six
in Florida, four in Louisiana and
one in Mississippi-during its er-
ratic, 2,500-mile life.
WASHINGTON (k')-The Agri-
culture Department said yesterday
crop production prospects increas-
ed nearly one per cent during
August to a record high of four
per cent above the previous high
set in 1963.
* * *
Divine, a Negro whose worldwide
followers of all races revered him
as a god, died yesterday in his
palatial mansion after a long ill-
ness that had left him bedridden.
At the speciat~
s Ahl)ffA i


UAC Presents
speaking on
followed by a panel discussion
Monday-Sept. 13-Union Ballroom
&##i#5ss Usss~ssi sssissss~s 556 55 % #sssiisistatsss~iisistlt59i!#96% iatii ..r.

Mexican Handicraft

Woolen Goods
Sara pes



Schools Must Submit Data
To Receive Federal Aid

This one doesn't just fit,
it snuggles. (Thank the
patented UnimocV
Construction for that.)
The style is dateless,the
color is choice, dazzling.
What more could any
girl ask?

of Education is weighing what to
do next about nearly 100 school
districts that have not qualified
for federal aid under the 1964
Civil Rights Act, a spokesman
said yesterday.
The law requires that school
districts, to be eligible for aid,
must submit documentation that
they will conduct their activities
without racial or other discrim-
The government has been prod-
ding the states and their districts
to qualify in time for the school

current thinking is that hearings
will have to be ordered for them
to provide a legal basis for formal
findings that they are not eligible.
The spokesman would not iden-
tify the individual districts nor
list the states. He said about half
the 17 Southern and border states
are involved.
Voluntary Desegregation Plans
As of yesterday, the office said
it had accepted voluntary deseg-
regation plans, statements of
compliance, and desegregation
court orders from 4,535 of the
5,044 districts in the 17 states, or

the basis of preliminary reports.
Both said preliminary reports
indicated there has been wide-
spread acceptance of desegrega-
tion under the alternatives allow-
ed: freedom of choice of schools
for pupils, geographic attendance
areas, or a combination of the
'Free Choice' Working Well
Quigley said it appears that the
freedom of choice procedure is
working well.
This alternative has been cri-
ticized by some civil rights leaders
sinep annnetpm0anit rof a art.


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