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September 09, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-09

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Peking Avows "People's

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Wars" in Leadership Grab

In a major bid for ideological
leadership of the world revolution-
ary movement, Communist China
has renewed the call for a de-
feat of the American "colossus"
by "people's wars" in Asia, Africa
and Latin America.
4 But the latest information still
shows Communist China reluc-
tant to enter directly into the Viet
Nam conflict.
A major doctrinal article which
appeared in major Chinese news-
papers last week on the twentieth
anniversary of the surrender of
Japan carried the views of De-
fense Minister Lin Piao, third-

ranking leader of the Peking re-
Marshal Lin quoted Mao Tse-
tung, chairman of the Chinese
Communist party, as calling for a
worldwide effort to destroy the
United States and other "im-
perialist, reactionary" nations.
"The seizure of power by armed
force, the settlement of the issues
by war, is the central task and
the highest form of revolution,"
Chairman Mao said.
According to experts on Com-
munist China, the purpose of the
lengthy article was to put forth
Mao Tse-tung as the principal
leader and architect of world rev-
olution. The statement urged left-

ist revolutionaries, including the
Vietnamese Communists, to strike
at U.S. forces without fear of
nuclear retaliation.
"Wars of liberation" in under-
developed areas of the world
should be undertaken in order to
weaken and eventually destroy the
capitalist powers of North Amer-
ica and Western Europe, the ar-
ticle continued. The basic strategy
for achieving world Communism
is the Maoist theory of revolu-
tionary war, Marshal Lin declar-
The new Chinese ideological po-
sition envisions Peking as the doc-
trinal center of a new world or-
der. The Soviet Union was de-

nounced by the Chinese leaders
as now being dominated by a
"heretical philosophy opposed to
people's wars and dedicated to
capitulation before U.S. power."
"It is imperative to adhere to a
policy of self-reliance in people's
wars," the statement warned. In
an apparent reference to the war
in Viet Nam, Marshal Lin de-
clared that revolutionaries "must
be prepared to carry on the fight
independently even when all ma-
terial aid from outside is cut off."
The article appeared to under-
score Peking's reluctance to be-
come directly involved in the Viet
Nam conflict. Although it prom-
ises that "the Chinese people will

do all in their power to aid the
Vietnamese people in compelling
the departure of the last Ameri-
can soldier," an earlier offer to
send volunteers and military aid
to North Viet Nam was not re-
Marshal Lin emphasizes that
Peking did not envision full-scale
war with the United States un-
less China is attacked by Ameri-
can air or ground forces. At the
same time, he expressed confi-
dence that Peking could easily de-
feat the "few million aggressor
troops" of the United States.
Emphasizing the importance of
ground wars, the article down-

grades the role of nuclear weap-
"The spiritual atom bomb that
the revolutionary people possess
is a far more powerful and use-
ful weapon than the physical atom
bomb . . . In the final analysis, the
outcome of a war will be decided
by the sustained fighting of the
ground forces, by the fighting at
close quarters on the battlefields,
by the political consciousness of
the men, by their courage and
spirit of sacrifice," Marshal Lin
The strong tone of the new doc-
trine may be a result of recent
Communist Chinese reverses on
the world scene including:

-1Tbe recent failure of Afri-'
can and Asian leaders to back
Peking in its desire to go ahead
with a scheduled conference in
Algiers during the summer
-Increasing reports of North
Vietnamese willinigness to begin
considering a negotiated settle-
ment for the Viet Nam war.
-Reports of cooling relations
between Peking and North Korea,
once one of Peking's stanchest
supporters in the ideological dis-
pute w'th the Soviet Union.
-Dismissai of Communist Chi-
nese cadres from Tanzania and
Burundi, two new African nations.
-Sigrs of an unspoken Amer-
ican-Russian agreement not to

allow the Viets
stroy a gradual
West cold war.

Nam war to de-
thaw in the East-

Far Eastern experts feel that
Peking may te considering itself
increasingly Isolated on the world
scene with a "bourgeois conspir-
acy" between tre U.S. and Russia
working against Communist Chi-
na's revolutionary brand of world
At the same time, growing in-
dustrialization and the develop-
ment of a small nuclear arsenal
may be causing Peking to think
twice about risking these gains in
a direct confrontation with the
Western powers.


Marines Blow Up Batangan





Bill Gains
Passes Senate
Judiciary Committee
By Large Margin
WASHINGTON (M)-Prompting
a cry of "blackmail," the Senate
Judiciary Committee yesterday
cleared Sen. Everett M. Dirksen's
(R-Ill) legislative apportionment
amendment in order to vote ap-
proval of a new immigration bill.
By a 9-7 vote, the committee
sent to the Senate without rec-
ommendation the Illinois Republi-
can leader's second attempt to
override a Supreme Court popula-
tion-only ruling for legislative
Immigration Bill Cleared
It cleared by a 14-2 margin the
immigration bill to strike down
national origin as a standard for
determining immigration quotas.
But it left a subcommittee
amendment that for the first
time put a ceiling on immigration
from Western Hemisphere coun-
Sen. Joseph D. Tydings (D-Md)
said the committee had been
"blackmailed into reporting a con-
stitutional amendment that a ma-
jority of that committee does want
so it could get action on the im-
migration measure.
Key Feature
The key feature of the immigra-
,?% tion measure is the abolition over
the next three years of the 41-
year-old system of allotting im-
migration quotas to nations out-
side the Western Hemisphere on
the basis of the national origins
of the U.S. population in 1920.
Under the bill, up to 170,000 im-
migrants exclusive of spouses, chil-
dren and parents of U.S. citi-
zens would be accepted each year
from outside the Western Hemis-
But not more than 20,000 would
be admitted from any one country
and preference would be given to
immigrants with close family ties
with U.S. citizens and to those
with special skills.
The ceiling on immigrants from
Canada, Mexico and other West-
ern Hemisphere nations would be
120,000 annually, exclusive of
spouses, children and parents of
United States citizens. This would
take effect July 1, 1968.
The Western Hemisphere limi-
tation first was written into the
bill by a Senate judiciary sub-
committee by a 6-2 vote. Whether
an attempt will be made to knock
it out in the Senate is uncertain.
The committee agreed to allow
a week for the filing of majority
and minority reports on the bill.
Dodd Comments
Dodd said he voted to report out
Dirksen's reapportionment amend-
ment "with the greatest reluc-
tance" but did so to break the
deadlock in the committee and to
keep the Senate's legislative busi-
ness from being "severely dis-
Strife Goes on
In Torn Greece
ATHENS, Greece ()-Ex-Pre-
mier George Papandreou said last
night that Panayiotis Cancello-



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Goes - On
'Operation Piranha'
Seeks To Rout 1000
Viet Cong in Vicinity
SAIGON (P) - U.S. Marines
sweeping South Viet Nam's Batan-
gan peninsula in a massive hunt
for guerrillas blew up a tunnel
yesterday and killed 66 uniformed
Viet Cong, a Marine spokesman
It was the biggest strike against
the enemy made by the estimated
5000 Marines since they and an
undisclosed number of South Viet-
namese troops launched a great
assault on the peninsula at dawn
Tuesday. The Vietnamese killed
74 Viet Cong, military officials
Some of the guerrillas in the
tunnel were heavily bandaged and
apparently had been wounded ear-
Little Resistance
The Marine force continued to
meet little resistance in their
sweep aimed at smashing a re-
ported Communist buildup in the
area, 330 miles north of Saigon.
Intelligence reports had indi-
cated as many as 1000 Communist
guerrillas were in the area. But a
U.S. intelligence officer said he
believed the Viet Cong began pull-
ing out three days ahead of the
Maj. Gen. Lewis W. Walt, the
Marine commander in Viet Nam,
confirmed the count of tunnel
dead, which raised the toll of Viet
Cong killed in the two-day oper-
ation to 146.
Earlier reports from the penin-
sula, 20 miles south of Chu Lai
along the South China Sea, said
Marines had killed six Viet Cong.
Vietnamese forces, operating to
the south, presumably ran into
remnants of fleeing Viet Cong
Marines reported one casualty,
a wounded helicopter crewman.
South Vietnamese have reported
light casualties.
The assault, .named "Piranha"
after the man-eating South Amer-
ican fish, was expected to continue
Twenty miles south of the U.S.
air base at Da Nang, a large Viet-
namese force was engaged yes-
terday in its fourth straight day
of rugged fighting with the Viet
More Casualties
An American adviser with a
Ranger group, one of the outfits
engaged in the fight, said, "We
have taken more casualties in the
unit during this operation than al-
together in the past three years."
At the little post of Kien Thien,
U.S. Army helicopters landed un-
der heavy Viet Cong fire and
evacuated 50 civilians reported
wounded in the air strikes. The
civilians swarmed to the landing
helicopters, pushing and scram-
bling to get aboard. As the last
helicopter took off, the Viet Cong
opened up again with mortar fire.
Pilots flying over the area, seven
miles south of Vin Thanh, re-
ported spotting 150 to 200 Viet
Cong in the open. Another 70 to
80 Communist guerrillas were seen
moving along the road.
The pilots estimated the terrain
concealed about 1000 uniformed

Viet Cong in all. Civilians in the
area said the Viet Cong appear-
ed to have about 600 men, identi-

Pontiff To
Make First
Visit to U.S.
Plans To Addres
United Nations
I Bid for Peace
VI, already the most widely trav-
eled Pope, will go to the United
States Oct. 4 to address the Unit-
ed Nations and to offer a public
mass for peace.
It will be the first visit to the
United States by a reigning Pope
and the longest papal voyage in
history-4,066 miles from Rome to
New York.
It was believed possible in the
Vatican that the Pope would meet
President Johnson in New York.
The White House said there were
no plans for P, meeting but it did
not rule out the possibility. John-
son has accepted an invitation to
dine in New York Oct. 3 with
Ambassador Arthur J. Goldberg
and other members of the U.S.
delegation to the United Nations.
Pope Paul has visited the Holy
Land; and he flew to Bombay,
India, a distance of 3,954 miles-
last December.
His stay in New York will be
less than 24 hours. His arrival is
scheduled for 10 a.m. (EDT). A
tentative Vatican schedule said
he will leave that same night, ar-
riving in Rome next day.
After speaking to the UN Gen-
eral Assembly-apparently with an
appeal for peace-the Pope will
celebrate mass for Roman Cath-
olics in one of New York's huge
In addition, Vatican officials
make no secreto f their hope that
the trip may help bring about
U.S.-Vatican diplomatic relations.
Is the Church
Is the Unchanging
Come Hear
Fr. Thomas Hinsberg
"The Changing
Fri., Sept. 10, 7:30 P.M.
Gabriel Richard Center
331 Thompson


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vN i t IY4L C

world News Roundup

Sylvia School 0/
Director: Sylvia Homer, L.I.S.T.D. 32nd Season

By The Associated Press
SAIGON-Premier Nguyen Cao
Ky has issued a sharp warning
against corruption and malprac-
tice by government officials, Viet
Nam Press reported yesterday.
The official government news
agency said Ky made the warn-
ing in a note to government agen-
cies stemming from complaints
that wives of some officials had
used their husbands' positions for
personal gain.
"Nobody, including my relatives,
may capitalize on my privileges to
reap personal interests," Ky wasL
quoted as saying.
The note said the government
welcomed complaints from the
people to correct possible short-
. *
SAIGON-A medical expert sent
to. South Viet Nam by President
Johnson announced yesterday the
formation of a rehabilitation pro-
gram for disabled South Vietna-
Dr. Howard A. Rusk, who laid
the groundwork for a similar pro-
gram in Korea under President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, estimated
10,000 to 25,000 persons in South

Foreign R e 1a t i o n s Committee
unanimously approved yesteiday
President Johnson's nomination of
Postmaster General John A. Gro-
nouski as ambassador to Poland.
It also approved unanimously
the President's selection of Negro
educator Dr. James N. Nabrit, Jr.,
of Washington, as U.S. represen-
tative to the UN Security Coun-
No opposition was expressed to
either nomination at a brief hear-
Gronouski, whose p a t e r n a 1
grandparents were born in Po-
land, said his primary assignment
is "to find ways and means of
increasing the really historic ties
of Poland to the West."
He said there are "good pros-
pects for increased trade" and
other relations between the Unit-
ed States and the entire Eastern
European group of nations.
* *.*
BANGKOK, Thailand-A uni-
versity similar to the University
of California, with separate di-
visions and colleges s p r e a d
throughout Thailand,has been in-
cluded in the 1966 budget.
* * *

NEW DELHI, India-India hopes
to put into circulation by the end
of 1965 coins of a new aluminum-
magnesium alloy.
MEXICO CITY-A team of ex-
perts from the Smithsonian In-
stitute will begin a year-long arch-
aeological exploration program in
southern Mexico's Oaxaca Valley
in January, it was announced
here. It will operate from the Uni-
versity of the Americas Research
and Study Center at Mitla, head-
ed by Dr. Kent V. Flannery.
* * *
MIAMI, Fla.-Hurricane Betsy
pounded Florida's Keys yester-
day with sledgehammer winds
that drove an angry, destructive
wall of water across rich, metro-
politan areas on the state's south-
east coast.
Large sections of Miami, Miami
Beach and Fort Lauderdale - as
well as many smaller communi-
ties in the Florida Keys - were
flooded by the highest tide since
the hurricane of 1926.
Abandoned automobiles tumbled
crazily in a crashing surf that
reached far beyond Miami Beach's



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