THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Wednesday, October 22, 1969
Page Eight THE MICHIGAN DAILY Wednesday, October 22, 1969
DAILY BOMBINGS, CIA ACTIVITY
County supervisors pass budget,
SAIGON CP)-Officials here
are under orders not to talk
about the war going on in next
door Laos, and they will drop
only tidbits about "Country X."
But there is a war out there,
a wear that flickers along the
old Ho Chi Minh trail and
flashes across a grassy plain in
northern Laos dotted with stone
It involves American men and
money. It has been sputtering
along since the end of World
War II and today is linked to
the fighting in Vietnam.
It is also a war that is about
to be spotlighted by congres-
sional hearings that will study
the extent of American military
involvement in the Southeast
The Americans have been in-
volved in this twilight war for
years - U.S. Navy jets were
bombing Communist-led forces
here five years ago from air-
craft carriers off South Viet-
nam. When the U.S. Air Force
buildup began in Thailand in
1964, American jets bombed
North Vietnam and Laos from
bases which sported such signs
as "Lead Alley, 30 miles north."
The American aid program to
Laos runs to $52 million a year
for 2.8 million people, a third
of whom are in Communist-con-
trolled portions of Laos. It is
declining, but there is no indi-
cation the military role is.
Senate Majority leader Mike
Mansfield, (D-Mont), after a
short visit here, declared the
United States has reinvolved
itself in Laos as a supplement
to the Vietnam war. This was
costing American lives a n d
money and appeared to be in-
creasing, he said.
Mansfield has predicted the
present U.S. military effort
war in Laos may escalate refuse to raise ADC allowance
could "lead to the full assump-
tion of a U.S. military role in
the pattern of Vietnam.."
The official answer to ques-
tions about the air war over
Laos goes like this:
"At the request of the royal
Laotian government, the Unit-
ed States does fly reconnais-
sance flights over Laos, escort-
ed by armed aircraft. These mis-
sions are frequently fired upon
by Communist ground forces.
By agreement with the r o y a 1
Laotian government, these es-
cort aircraft may return t h e
The fact is that several hund-
red American planes make daily
bombing raids in Laos, and no
one believes that all of them
are fired upon first, especially
when many of the planes are
B52 bombers that fly at an al-
titude of 10 miles or so and can
be neither seen nor heard.
In addition to the daily bomb-
ing raids from Thailand, in
which 97 airmen have ° been
downed and never heard from,
the Embassy maintains 78 Army
attaches. The U.S. government
charters private airplanes to
ferry troops into battle, or more
often, to pluck them out when
Military equipment and sup-
plies cost nearly $100 million a
year. They include M16s and
The support efforts are open
secrets, even if never officially
The C e n t r a 1 Intelligence
Agency, by all indications, is
the U.S. agency most directly
involved in combat operations.
Questioned about military in-
volvement, American officials
reply there are no American
combat troops in Laos. The key
word is "combat." When asked
more specifically about U.S.
military services other than
combat troops assisting the Lao
forces, officials reply only "no
But well-informed sources in
Laos confirm the presence of
CIA teams primarily engaged in
training Laotian guerrilla forc-
These special Laotian teams
are mercenaries who receive
higher pay and more benefits
than do regular Lao government
troops. They operate directly
under the CIA team leaders and
not the Lao military command.
They are similar to the Montag-
nard mercenaries working with
the Green Berets in Vietnam.
The Americans training these
teams in Laos are believed to be
primarily civilians although
many were presumably recruited
from former Green Beret men.
American officials here gen-
erally decline to discuss the rea-
sons for the great secrecy of
American military efforts in
Laos. Questions are usually met
with a bland "I don't know
what you could be talking
The Lao government is equally
restrictive. Prime Minister Sou-
vanna Phouma ordered all mili-
tary men not to talk to news-
men. There is only one mili-
tary spokesman, a colonel who
refuses to see reporters.
The bulk of the war effort
operates from Udorn, a restrict-
ed airbase in Thailand just a
short hop across the Mekong
Here is centered the opera-
tion of Air America, a private
airline chartered by the U.S.
government. Under contract for
more than $10 million a year,
Air America provides planes to
carry Lao troops, planes to
drop them supplies and hello-
copters to fery them into com-
The pilots, paid $2,000 or more
a month, believe they e a r n
every penny. In effect they- are
flying military combat roles
which the American Army can-
not do because of the 1 9 6 2
Geneva accords which were sup-
posed to bring peace to this
The Laotians, ranging f r o m
sophisticated town dwellers to
primitive hill tribesmen, are
widely considered to be pacific
"If everybody would just leave
them alone, they would settle
this war in no time," said a
French veteran of 20 years in
Indochina. "They don't have the
fierceness and tenacity of the
Vietnamese. They don't hate
each other and they don't like
to kill anything."
(Continued from Page 1)
According to Lands, a family of
Plans for continuing the cam-
-an immediate allocation of four that particip
$46 for the purchase of school gram saves $24 pe
clothing for children of welfare purchases. Compa
mothers; an increase of 25p
-an allocation of $46.50 in welfare payments
January to meet the cost of school the same family
clothing. tional $20 per mo
However, the board declined to During their ca
reverse its prior stand, which held creased ADC funds
that the 25 per cent increase and has consistentlyt
the supplemental clothing allow- that the food sta
ance would force the county into "unworkable andu
deficit spending, and would not be welfare recipients.
a true solution to the welfare "A mother w;
problems. stamps is immed
Most of the supervisors have as a welfare recip
said that measures such as the George Stewart,
ones designed to improve the cur- WRC. "The moth
rent welfare program are more degrading."
beneficial to ADC recipients than --- --
"By broadening the programs in
existence," Supervisor O. Herbert $$69,
Ellis (R-Ann Arbor) explained
yesterday, "we can give lasting ho
benefits to people in terms of get-
ting them off the welfare rolls,
and making them at least par-
tially self-sufficient. CHICAGO (A) -
"This could not be done solely expert says young
by increasing the present allow- parts of the coun
ance," he added. to injecting pean
However, the speakers at the mayonnaise into t
hearing took sharp issue with the substitute for nar
board's position. In several docum
Dr. Herman Jacobs, represent- result has been d
ing the Washtenaw County Citi- Carabillo Jr., a1
zens Advisory Committee for So- cist in the Federal
cial Services, attacked the super- cotics, told a n
visors' programs as "piecemeal Monday.
solutions" that would not provide Carabillo said
"the constructive help that is that peanut butt
needed for long-term stability." haise would send t
He added that a 25 per cent nae trip" was cont
increase in the monthly allowance tlertrip" waeconta
would provide the ADC recipients derground recipe
with money that "they can de- to outline "culina
pend on regularly to permit wise reality."
budget planning." Other recent fa
In response, Supervisor William eluded the use of p
ates in the pro- paign for increased ADC allow-
r month on food ances were voiced yesterday by the
arably, he said, organizers of the professionals'
per cent in fixed march.
would provide According to Prof. Robert Segal
with an addi- of the social work school, the
nth. marchers have formed an organi-
ampaign for in- zation called the Community Ad-
s, however, WRC vocates for Welfare (CAW).
taken the stand
amp program is "We will continue to apply pres-
unpopular" with sure on both a state and local
level for making the welfare sit-
who uses food uation here more equitable," Segal
iately identified said.
legal advisor to' CAW will meet next week to be-
hers feel this is gin planning a specific course of
Betfwre of kids
'oot Peanut butter
- A federal drug and toxic reactions with the so-
gsters in s o m e called "high" provided by s u c h
ntry have taken drugs as heroin or marijuana. He
ut butter a n d cited the smoking of dried ba-
their veins as a nana skins, a fad of a couple of
rcotics. years ago, as an example.
mented cases the Frank Gulich, a narcotics bur-
EMU officials to discipline
'underground newspaper staff
(Continued from Page 1)
Kleinsmith said that editor of
the paper, EMU student Frank
Michels, never approached him for
permission to distribute this sec-
ond issue. However, he added that
he would have refused to grant
Registration by 'The Second
Coming' would not have been ac-
cepted by the university," he ex-
"The Second Coming' is not
recognized by the administration
as a student organization. It is
published by the Ypsilanti Inter-
Media Corporation, which was
chartered by a group of EMU stu-
dents and faculty members.
"We're not sure what we're
going to do about this," said one
staff member last night. "We may
deny the jurisdiction of the Stu-
dent Court." She added, however,
that the staff felt it could wint
the case if it goes before the Stu-
Kliensmith and a number of
other EMU officials summoned
sponsors of the Homecoming Page-
ant, the Homecoming Queen can-
didates, and representatives of
"The Second Coming" to discuss
the story yesterday.
Contestant Nora Surrett, a 21-7
year-old senior from Westland,
said she is considering a libel suit.
"Whether they meant it as a Second Coming' is attacking the
satire or as a personal attack, it's girls personally."
in print," she said, "and if I'm Candy Bush, a 19-year-old
chosen queen, they just might sophomore from Detroit, said she!
have a court suit on their hands." disagreed. "I think it was obviously!
Miss Surrett said she considered satire. It was satire in a very
the article a detriment to her at- vulgar way. I'm not worried about
ALS ] ] "
future of education
(Continued from Page 1) ' of the nature and scope of the
Grix says he is not sure if he problems involved.
should press the matter now or Generally, committee members
wait until the question of the suggest a wide range of issues
composition of the final study which will have to be explored:
commission is discussed. -What is and should be the
Meanwhile, the problem of the purpose of undergraduate educa-
role of students in the literary tion and how can the literary col-
college is likely to extend beyond lege best serve this purpose?
a disagreement over the composi- -What can and should be done'
tion of the committee. about problems of student aliena-
"I'd like to see much greater in- tion in the college?
volvement of students in how de- 1 -What are the implications of
cisions are made on faculty hiring the problems of professional ob-
and tenure as well as matters of solescence-the rapid changes in
curriculum," says Wilson. "Stu- most academic fields which force
dents should have some consider- people to work a great deal after
able say in the governing appara- graduation to keep up with their
tus of the school." field?
Wilson also hopes the study will ---To whom is the University
lead to a major restructuring of most responsible: the State Legis-
the college. "I would like to see lature, the faculty, parents, stu-
the monolithic structure of the dents or some combination?
literary college desmembered," he -How will changes in the na-
says. ture of pre-college education af-
He approves of Residential Col- feet the kind of student who comes
lege Dean James Robertson's sug- to the University and his level
gestion to break down the literary of preparedness for academic en-
college into smaller units along deavors?
the lines of the Residential Col- -What role should students and
lege. In addition, Wilson ques- faculty members play in the con-
tions the relevance of the depart- trol of the literary college?
mental structure for undergradu- I No one can be sure how these
ates and suggests that depart- questions will finally be posed, or
mental lines should be re-ex- how they will be resolved. But,
amined. there appears to be some feeling
Faced with the plethora of prob- on the committee that simply un-
lems on liberal education, however, dertaking the task now will, in
most committee members are more and of itself, have beneficial re-
hesitant to suggest solutions at sults.
this point. -
"The committee's trying to
flounder around to find out where
it wants to go," says chemistry
Prof. Peter Smith. And after two
meetings, the committee has
floundered its way toward few
answers and only a general idea & '" 0
tempts to maintain a good repu-
tation, and said she was afraid
the article might provoke harrass-
ing phone calls from EMU males
"when they are all doped-up and
Editors of "The Second Coming"
did not seem disturbed last night1
by threats of a libel suit.
"Everyone has the right to sue
for libel," said one. "I could sue
a newspaper anytime I want, but
that doesn't mean I'm right, or
that I'm going to win. We feel that
we're right, and so they (the con-
testants) can go ahead and do
whatever they want,"
Michels said he considered theI
administrations actions in at-
tempting to suppress distribution
to be a bigger danger.
Two other contestants contacted
last night said they are not con-
sidering any legal action.
"It wasn't insulting to me," said1
Cathy Miller, a 19-year-old junior
from Pontiac. "I think, however,
that 95 per cent of the people on
campus won't realize that this is
a satire. They will think that 'Thej
--- - -- --- --
myself, but if that's indicative of,!
the type of article in 'The Second
Coming,' then maybe it shouldn'ta
Miss Bush said that Kliensmithj
had asked them to remain avail-
able for the next few days should
EMU President Harold Sponberg
wish to meet with them on the
The coronation of the home-
i coming queen will take place to-
* Larqe one item (or more)tm
I pizza. One coupon oer oizzo
S Mon., Tues., Wed.,
- ---mm m. ---rrr mm . -m.
death, Ernest A.
Bureau of Nar-
er and mayon-
users "on a lit-
Eined in an un-
ry escapes from
ds, he said, in-'
Lands (R-Ann Arbor) said that ing fluid, the local anesthetic
the 25 per cent increase was al- ethylchloride and freon, the pres-
ready available to ADC families surized propellant gas in aerosols.
that joined the food stamp pro, Carabillo said users of narcotic
gram. i substitutes confused the bizarre
eau official stationed in Chicago,
said the underground "c o o k
books" usually sell for about $1
and often give the formulas for
preparing drugs such as LSD.
Drug users, Gulich said, are "al-
ways looking for new drugs that
won't be a violation of the law."
Carabillo and Gulich appeared
at the a n n u a l meeting of the
American Academy of Pediatrics.
Carabillo urged hospital and
control centers to help the nar-
cotics bureau by reporting n e w
fads among users of drugs or sub-
He did not specify t h e areas
where the peanut butter-mayon-
naise fad had cropped up, or how
many deaths had been caused.
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