SCRATCH WRONG BACKS
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Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVII, No. 8S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 12, 1967
VOTE NEARLY UNANIMOUS:
Senate Approves Four-Year
Extension of Military Draft
WASHINGTON W)---The Senate two years, to move toward a vol- Several of President Johnson's
gave overwhelming approval last untary system, to cut the service proposed alterations in the draft s'
night to a four year extension of period or make other major system would be possible under
the military draft to provide the changes in tht Selective Service the senate measure which would'
manpower hecessary for the Viet- System were rejected by wide mar- permit the draft director to make
nam war and other defense needs. gins. } various changes at the request of
The vote on passage was 70 to 2 The legislation goes now to the the President.
with the "nay" votes cast by Sens. House where leaders expect to These include induction of 19k
Wayne Morse (D-Ore), and Ernest complete final action well ahead and 20 year olds first instead of
Gruening (D-Alaska). of the June 30 expiration of major the present system of calling first
Efforts to limit the extension to portions of the present act. the older registrants in the 18-26
A random selection system, or
lottery, also may supplant the pres-
ent system of letting some 4,000
local draft boards decide which in-
dividuals must serve.
But the Senate, in a unanimous -
report by its Armed Services Com-
mittee, questioned that this will
reduce inequities. And it urged re-
tention of the authority of the
--- - local boards to register, to classify
- -and to pass upon hardship cases.
There have been many com- '
plaints about lack of uniformity U
By The Associated Press in decisions by these local boards.
SAIGON-Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky told his Cabinet Student Deferments
yesterday that he will definitely run for president in South tnThe Senate recommended a con- tr
Vietnam's elections next Septmeber, official sources said early C lege students until they attain, ast
yesterday and then 400 of t
today. Ky is expected to follow ,this with a public announcement degree, reach 24 years, or fail to yesterdaycd the n 0 o
maintain college standing. They 1 nounced the. Supreme~ Court
today or tomorrow. then would be placed in draft, the Viet Cong before the 200
The prime minister evidently made the decision after re- pools along with the younger men-
ceiving the approval of his military colleagues and Chief of most liable for induction. OPENINGS RE
State Gen. Nguyen Van Thieu, who has also been considering Most of the Senate debate cen-
running. Under the nation's new constitution, Ky would have to tered on an effort by Sen. Mark
resign as vice air marshal and commander of the air force to Hatfield (R-Ore.) to .put Congress
run for president. on record in favor of an all-volun- -
_______teer military force to displace the p
draft system. Thistwas defeated
ORGANIZERS OF THE APRIL 15 Mobilization against the 65 to 9.
war .in Vietnam are continuing their peace campaign with a limit therexHatfield proposnstead
National Student Anti-War Conference in Chicago today through of four years, was defeated 67 to
Sunday and plan a "confrontation" with President Johnson in '13.
Washington next Wednseday. Between 500 and 1000 students are Reduce Service
expected for the conference, according to coordinator David An effort by Sen. Stephen M.
Greenberg, graduate student at the University of Chicago. After Young (D-Ohio) to reduce the two By HENRY GRIX
the conference, a delegation will go to Washington. "If we are year service by inductees to 18 and HELEN JOHNSON
unable to see Johnson on the 17th, we will continue daily to try months was beaten 74 to 4. Since the end of the in
Jame Beelnatona diectr o Sping Sen. Ernest Gruening (D-Alas- iterm, the tune for the ann
to see him," said Rev. James Bevel, national director of Spring t ri - game of musical chairs has b
Mobilization, who will keynote the conference. ukace sought to ban service to in- souding in the Office of Univers
ducteesim the Vietnam area unless Housing. Before the music st
they volunteered. But only Sen. with the commencement of
DARTMOUTH COLLEGE announced yesterday it will "con- Wayne Morse (D-Ore), sided with te arenben crm
ditionally" suspend (students who participated in disturbances him while 75 voted no. term, players are being sramb
surrounding the May 3 visit of former Gov. George C. Wallace of Just before the final vote, Morse seats left vacant by the transf
Alabama. The students will be suspended at the end of the offered three amendments. of two directors and the resig
spring term, but they may be readmitted provided they affirm National Criteria tions of three others.
"the standards of conduct appropriate to an academic com- One would have established na- Housing directorships opened
munity." Wallace's speech was interrupted by hecklers and his tional criteria and provided for Markley and Oxford are now f
car was almost overturned by demonstrators, their uniform application by all ed. But those at Stockwell, N
M j ~,boards. It lost 68 to 6. berry, Mosher-Jordan, Baits, A]
WALTER P. REUTHER, president of United Auto .Workers 'Another would have given defer- Lloyd, Couzens and Barbour,
Union, is, opposing State legislation which would require circuit ment to Peace Corps volunteers ma Jopen.
judges to enjoin actual or threatened strikes by public employes, America (VISTA), its domestic University Housing, has appoint
the Associated Press reported. counterpart. This was beaten 65 Bruce Storey, currently head
The legislation, proposed by the House Labor Cocommittee to 7. men's residence at Tulane U
would in effect restore some of the prohibitions of the so-called , The third would have permitted versity, as director of Markley
Hutchinson Act, which outlawed strikes by government employes. men appealing draft classification Understanding for Students
The 1965 Legislature softened some Hutchinson Act penal- E to bring an attorney along when Storey, who is working on
ties. 'As an aftermath, there were several strikes by teachers, jpecti edfor17.aop s tr erinan unerstan
firemen and policemen. The Senate bill continues au- for students" to his new job he
Reuther said in a statement issued yesterday that enact- tority of the armed services to He sees his role as "interpret:
ment of the labor committee's bill "would set back sound labor draft doctors, dentists and allied ideas both to students and fr
relations for public service employes 30 years." specialists for two years and give students."
them additional pay. Storey replaces S. Daniel Ro
SEEKS PRACTICAL GOALS:
McKissick Says Schools Fail To Provide
Relevant Education for Ghetto Children
Recommnieds Department Determh
Doctoral Language Requirements
By JILL CRABTREE
The Executive Board of the Horace H. Rackham School
Graduate Studies has decided to turn over the duties of determini
foreign language requirements for doctoral candidates to individi
departments or interdepartmental program committees.
"The responsibility of the Executive Board in the supervision
the Ph.D degree program is best fulfilled by a -concern with the s'
total of the doctoral requirements of the individual department
"The foreign language requirement is but one part of the tc
set of requirements in any given program and can best be review
and evaluated in the context of its relevance to the whole," the boa
stated yesterday in a report to the
nceton University greeted George C. Wallace with a hanging ceremony
them filed out during his speech in Dillon Gymnasium. Wallace de-
t, federal intervention, crime in the streets and academics who support
0 people who remained to hear him speak.
deans, department chairmen, and
graduate program chairmen of
The Ph.D foreign language re-
quirements have been under re-
view by the board for the past
two years. The decision came at
the board's meeting Wednesday
According to Ralph B. Lewis,
assistant to the Dean of the
Graduate School, the board feels
that if each department formu-
lates requirements relevant to
their own particular field, the re-
quirements will be more meaning-
ful to degree candidate.
Lewis said present requirements
are lax enough to allow consider-
able substitution. "It gets to the
point where students elect non-
language courses as substitutes,
and it is often difficult to distin-
quish these courses from their
other doctoral work." This is not
in line with the idea that an extra
language is a "scholarly supple-
mient"to a candidate's education,
The board is asking each de-
partment and interdepartmental
program committee to submit its
recommendations before Jan. 1,
1968. The recommendations will
be reviewed by the board, and
should take effect by Sept. 1, 1968.
They will apply to all incoming
students and other students who
do not elect to'meet the present
requirements prior to Sept 1, 1969.
Lewis said the departmental re-
quirements should be "a minimum
requirement applicable to all stu-
dents, and not an optimum re-
quirement" which may be filled by
The board also stressed in the
report that "a continuing review
of the doctoral programs under,
the supervision of the Executive
Board is essential if the Graduate
School is to be effective both in
the enhancement of its programs
and in the distribution of finan-
The State Labor Mediatio
Board (SLMB) has issued a prece
dent-setting decision which woul
allow union shop provisions to b
written into public employe con
The decision, issued last week t
Robert Pisarski, trial examiner fo
the SLMB, states that a unior
shop clause is legal in contract
covering public employes.
The decision would cover nor
academic staff of the Universit
However, the University is pres
ently challenging,. the consttu
tionality of the recently enacte
Public Employment Relations A
(PA 379), the statute under whiel
the ruling was .made. The act a
lows union organization for pur
poses of collective bargainir
among public employes.
A union-shop clause provide
that an employe hired into a grot
where there is union representi
tion must join the union within
certain period, usually 30 day
However, those employes who d
not want to become members sti
must pay dues to the union.
Pisarski made the decision in
case involving* unfair labor prai
tice charges filed against the Oal
land County Sheriff's Departmen
on behalf of Council 23 of th
American Federation of Stat
County and Municipal Employe
Pisarski ruled that the depar
ment was guilty of failing to bar
gain in good faith and that ther
are no provisions in PA 379 whie
would prohibit forms of unic
mergy. Rosemergy decided "to
terminate employment with the
terFOffice' of University Housing"
ual June 30, after two years at Mark-
sity Kevin Lynch, assistant director:
ops of Steeb Hall at Ohio State Uni-
fall versity, will take over directorship
led of Oxford housing. He does not
the look forward to "switching hisI
fersf football allegience when he ar-'
na- rives here but is attracted to the
Uuniversity's "academic atmos-
ill- Lynch's post was vacated April!
ew- 1 by William Ryan who' left Ox-
lice ford to become director of the
re- Lawyer's Club.
of; Although he "regrets losing thel
ted counseling and educational' as-
of pects" of his present job, Ryan
ni- accepted the new post as an ad-
. vancement. Intending "to improve
the operation, Ryan expects his
a "responsibility regarding the busi-
ing, ness operation will be greater than
ling that of the other directors of the
. residence halls." He hopes to ef-
ing effectively manage the present
°m renovation of the Club.
e In April, John A. Pearson also
se- left Stockwell, Mosher-Jordan and
Newberry to become an assistant
director of the Institute for Con-
tinuing Legal Education. After'
two-and-a-half years in the resi-
dence hall system, Pearson "want-
, !ed to try some different employ-
The Institute is affiliated with
the University, Wayne State Uni-'
versity and the Michigan Bar As-
rector of Baits Housing. An assis-
tant resident director at South
Quad last year, Phillips was given
his present post at the end of
Dispelling rumors of dissatis-
faction with the system, Feldkamp
credits the resignations to the
usual turnover in housing. How-
ever, he indicated that "in any
organization of 1000 people, you:
are bound to have some people
Although the new director of
Lloyd, Coizens and Barbour is not
known, both Burkhouse and Feld-
kamp indicated that hiring a com-
plex director and assistant di-
rector or hiring a separate director
for each hall is being considered.
This would alleviate the workload
on one man and attempt to give
each hall a more individual char-
Police Break Up Second Night
Of Student Rioting in Jackson
JACKSON, Miss. (P)-Shotgun
firing police broke up a second,
straight night of rioting at Jack-
son State College last night,
wounding to persons seriously be-
fore Mississippi National Guards-
men broke up assaults on police
After withstanding barrages of
bricks, bottles and debris, Jackson
police opened' fire and wounded
one man when the screaming mob
made its fourth assault.
Police said the second shooting
occurred on the college campus.
National Guardsmen hit the
campus from the opposite side
forces that had blocked the mob
from moving north to downtown
Resistance melted rapidly and
~police ordered everyone, off the
street. A few minutes later a Na-
tional Guard officer announced,
"The mayor has declared a 10
o'clock curfew. Everyone must
clear the streets."
Armed with weapons and tear
gas, guardsmen took their posts
for the night, ready to act if new
violence erupted. No tear gas was
required to break up the marches
on the city police forces.
The mob ranged unchecked for
an hour before finally giving in
Screaming and yelling, the 100
By CAROLE KAPLAN
Special To The Daily
high school graduate as "ignor-
ant but docile, immature but not
dangerous, useless but pliable."
seen sex, alcoholism, drug, ad-
diction, broken families, crime,
violence, riots, discrimination and
On the program with McKissick
were John Oliver Killens, a novel-
ist and writer in residence at Fisk
Pearson's position at Stockwell
and Mosher-Jordan will be filled
by John E. Briggs, former assis-
tant director of West Quad. Pro-I
moted into "a position with more'
responsibility," Briggs intends to
continue Pearson's policies.
to the real problems of life in the
ghetto was the goal proposed by
Floyd McKissick, national direc-
tor of the Congress on Racial
Equality last night at the first
session of a conference on "Ra-
cism in Education."
McKissick, speaking to an audi-
ence consisting mainly of Negro!
teachers, local civil rights and
community action workers and of-
ficials of the sponsoring Detroit
Federation of Teachers, said, "Ed-
ucation in this country is just no'
damn good," and described the
He said high school does not everything seamy in life that University, and Prof. Mason Hare
prepare its graduates for citizen- whites are only allowed to see of the sociology department of
ship, does not teach them to be when they are writing their doc- Howard University.
adults, and assumes economic, so- toral dissertations and doing what I Killens spoke on "Education
cial and family responsibility. is fashionably called 'field work'," Through the Eyes of a Black No-
According to McKissick, this he claimed. velist." He stressed throughout his
failure of education perpetuates Goals for Education speech the necessity for develop-
racism in the United States. The McKissick set forth some goals ing Negro pride and teaching Ne-
middle class may be able to re- for education: "To my mind, by gro children about their racial
main ignarant but "a black young- 'the 12th grade every child should history.
ster can't afford to wait until he's be able to read, write, do arith- He said whites who want to help
18 or 22 before he starts to learn metic and type. He should have should "do missionary work amongI
to survive. the basic foundation of one mer- their own kind' and that the priceI
"By age 10 or 12, he's had sev- chantable skill-even if he is going of freedom is facing the truth
eral run-ins with the police. He' to college. He should know about about western society and western
u r Isex and birth control, about the heroes.
law and about his rights and re- He called America a "land of
sponsibilities." the nigger makers" and said the'
He added that if education of- "black man's burden is to elimi-
? t ifered this type of knowledge, stu- nate all niggers," (meaning Ne-
'e' dents would see the value in com- groes who feel inferior. "Wash-
ing to school and would not drop ington and Jefferson can not be
ingtochoout.lheroes to black children." he
Another resignation came from with forces backed by an armored
John Phillips, who abandoned his troop carrier, and advanced to
"temporary appointment" as di- meet the beleaguered city police
Research Administrator Denies Report
Of Project on Chemical Warfare at 'U'
Negroes made repeated assaults
on the police line, wounding a
highway patrolman. The patrol
man fired into the area to break
the first assault.
The highway patrol radioed for
national guard help after the mob
sought to overrun a policebarri-
cade blocking them from moving
toward downtown Jackson.
'ov. Paul B. Johnson had al-
erted the guardsmen during the
afternoon to move into the riot
area if necessary, and the Negro
students responded quickly with
new incidents aimed at motorists.
They quieted down at dusk, only
to begin the march on the bar-
ricades about 8:30 p.m.
The afternoon violence came
when police let homeward bound
motorists use Lynch Street, the
main thoroughfare cutting through
the college, to relieve the 5 p.m.
The governor alerted several
guard units at the request of May-
or Allen Thompson, who termed
the situation "very explosive."
Johnson said he did not "believe
the situation is getting out of
Less than two hours later, about
50 Negroes posted in front of the
college began assaulting cars of
white motorists. They used sticks,
clubs and rocks from a big pile
of makeshift ammunition collect-
ed during the day.
The students are demanding
fhsa T1vnrhR,,p a ,,,iTlne
By MARCY ABRAMSON nor are tre results of the research fully, although I was not able
Despite the reports of an arti- or the military applications clas- to check or the individual con-
cle in last week's New Republic sified," he said. tracts granted to each school."
magazine, Robert E. Burroughs, In his New Republic article,' Hersh said that University re-
director of research administra- "Just a Drop Can Kill-Secret search for the Pentagon may ap-
tion, said that the University has Work on Gas and Germ Warfare," pear harmless, but still "fit into
no contract for development of Hersh claimed that all the re- a pattern of offensive weapons."
chemical-biological warfare. search contracts held by the 52 Hersh added that he expected
Seymour M. Hersh listed the universities are with the Army, his article to create "quite a fur-
University as one'of 52 academic and that she Air Force and Navy or" on college campuses.
institutions currently holding refuse to release information on The story claimed that Pentagon
CBW contracts, in the May 6 is- the extent of their CBW research scientists are believed able to
se nf the magazine :on campus. According to the ar- cause tularemia. anthrax. dysen-
McKissick said the way to create
a school that would do what needs
to be done to educate ghetto chil-
ria vtavta am- r -. am- -
"They were both slave owners.
To the black people, the Ameri-
alass>k >>sem st