LEGAL BATTLES OVER
D.C. SCHOOL SYSTEM
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Mostly cloudy with
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Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVII, No. 61S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 4, 1967 SEVEN CENTS
Michigan State Lacks Funds
To Complete Medical School
RomneyayH Dill uonaemns
Phase Out D11 (1J
By WALLACE IMMEN
Third of four parts
Special To The Daily
LANSING-Michigan State Uni-
versity must delay the opening of
its planned four-year medical
school indefinitely, according to
Charles Downs, the project's di-
Although a full medical degree-
granting program has been au-
thorized at MSU, no funds were
allocated for its operation by the
state Legislature this year. This
will set back the construction of
an $11.8 million life sciences
building, which has to begin this
fall, and will delay planning for
three other necessary medical
The four-year program, leading
to the MD degree had received ap-
proval from the State Board of
Education just last January. After
a long series of consultations the
board acted on the recommenda-
tions of an intensive study of
medical education which found
that a critical shortage of open-
ings will soon exist in the state,
driving large numbers of qualified
students to schools in other states
or into other professions.
A two-year College of Human
Medicine, which grants no degree
By The Associated Press
PULLMAN, Wash. - DR. S. J. BEHRMAN of the University's
Medical Center said yesterday that an anti-pregnancy vaccine,
aimed at insuring a 6-to-12 month nonconception period, may
be available within five years.
Dr. Behrman, addressing an international symposium of the
mammalian oviduct at Washington State University, said several
laboratories are working towards a vaccine which would be more
acceptable, less= costly, and more effective than current contra-
ception methods, including the pill.
PROF. ROSS WILHELM of the School of Business Adminis-
istration said recently in his radio program "Business Review"
that Congress must pass a law assuming the risk for damages
incurred in riots and mass disturbances in American cities.
Otherwise, Wilhelm said, insurance companies will "be most
reluctant to ever insure a business in a potential riot area again."
And without insurance, he added, few businessmen - white
or Negro-could open a store in such an area.
Wilhelm also noted that "Federal troops must be immediately
available for deployment at critical times without legalistic nit-
picking by the administration ih Washington while a city burns.
We do not need any 20th century Neros."
AUGUST IS A MONTH of natural fireworks in the sky --
a huge display of meteors or "shooting stars."
According to University astronomer Prof. Hazel M. Losh,
the annual meteor shower will be visible for two or three weeks.
The peak will come between Aug. 10 and 12, when up to 70
meteors per hour may be observed.
GRADUATE ASSEMBLY in cooperation with the local chap-
ter of the, Red Cross, is sponsoring an emergency blood clinic
for Detroit riot victims. The clinic will be held on Wednesday,
August 2, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on the third floor of the Michi-
gan Union. Donations will be accepted from anyone in the area.
* * * *
"DETROIT: RIOT OR REVOLUTION?" will be the topic of
discussion for a panel including former Congressman Weston
Vivian and Professor Albert Reiss of the sociqlogy department
Mayor John Burton of Ypsilanti is also to participate in the
The meeting, sponsored by the Ann Arbor chapter of Amer-
icans for Democratic Action, is open to the public without charge,
and wil be held Sunday, August 6, at 8:00 P.M., in the third floor
conference room of the Michigan Union.
* * * * -
THREE AMBASSADORS AND a prince of Thailand have
joined the list of foreign dignitaries planning to attend the
27th Congress of Orientalists at The University of Michigan this
Prof. Russell H. Fifield of the Political Science Dept., secre-
tary-general of the congress, said he has been notified that His
Highness Prince Dhani Nivat of Thailand, and Their Excellencies
Chow Shu-Kai of the Republic of China, Agha Hilaly of Pakistan,
and Wong Lin: Ken of the Republic of Singapore will come to the
Ann Arbor week of Aug. 13 for the Congress' first meeting in
the Western hemisphere.
United Nations Secretary-General U Thant announced earlier
that he would address a plenary session of the congress. About
1,500 scholars and diplomats representing some 50 nations will
attend the week-long session, which is meeting here to honor
the University's Sesquicentennial.
but has a curriculum similar to
the first two years in most four-
year medical schools, completed
its first year of operation at MSU
in June. Its director, Hillyard
Jason, reports that the operation
to this point "has gone more
smoothly than we had expected."
The 26 students in the first en-
tering class must transfer next
year to complete their last two
years at a four-year medical
school. The University and Wayne
State University, currently the on-
ly medical schools in the state,
have expressed their willingness
to take the third-year students
from MSU into their programs.
An alternative under consider-
ation is to allow the third and
fourth year students to complete
their work under supervision in
local hospitals and in remodeled
classroom space. Details of such a
plan will be presented this fall.
At present, the two-year college
is housed in the buildings of the
School of Veterinary Medicine
and research facilities run by the
chemistry and biology depart-
No four year curriculum, how-
ever, could receive accreditation
until the school has its own hos-
pital, and the facilities of a second
life sciences building, Downs
noted. Planned after that are two
more biomedical buildings. The
whole project would reqire at
least $25 million and several fed-
eral agencies would match what-
ever support is given by the state
Legislature. But construction costs
are rising and with a an already
strained budget, the chances of
the state providing the upwards of
$13 million in the near future is
A $1.2 million portion of the
funding for the first life sciences
building has been pledged by the
National Institute of Health.
Downs noted that the Kellogg
Foundation has promised a $350,-
000 grant. Even if funds were to
be found for the life sciences
building, however,. most of the
room provided would be used to
house the two year program and
MSU's school of Nursing and
Pharmacology. Teaching labora-
tories would be the major feature
of the building, office and clinical
facilities would be at a premium.
"Our biggest fight will be for
the hospital," Downs said. Plans
call for a 300-bed facilty with an
out-patient and student clinic, at
a cost of about $16 million. A re-
quest for planning funds was
omitted from the latest *MSU
budget because of previous build-
Plans call for all new medical
buildings to be located in a cluster
at the north end of the campus.
An Ad Hoc Faculty Planning Com-
mittee was recently formed to in-
vestigate alternative means of fi-
nancing the units.
Despite the setbacks, student
response for the existing two-year
program has been reported "excel-
lent." Hunt said over 300 appli-
cations were received to fill the
26 openings in this fall's first year
class. He brushed off suggestions
that only students rejected by
four-year colleges would want to
enter the program at MSU. "We
get students as talented as any
in the country because there is a
severe shortage of medical educa-
tional facilities," he said.
"We are building an excellent
staff," he added. "They are in-
trigued by our plans.
TOMORROW: Plans for an
Osteopathic College. l
State Troopers Also
To Leave Detroit
If Peace Continues
DETROIT UP) - Gov. Rom-
ney said yesterday that if the
Detroit situation continues to "go
smoothly" all National Guard
troops called into the city to quell
rioting last week would be phased
out by early next week.
The same procedure will apply
to State Police troopers called in,
Romney told newsmen-that "un-
less something happens" to renew
violence he would end the state
of emergency, which was declar-
ed July 23 when rioting broke out
in the Motor City.
The governor said he believed
the State Police and the National
Guard troops had performed their
task of restoring order with com-
He pointed out that the Guards-
men were assigned to patrol the
city's West Side, which the he
described as "the toughest area"
of sniping and other violence.
Romney said he had discussed
with Mayor Jerome P. Cavanagh
the establishment of a joint com-
mittee to investigate the causes
of the rioting which resulted in
41 deaths and 500 million in dam-
One lesson learned from the
experience, Romney said, was that
it was "very important to have
adequate action in time" to put
down any racial flareups.
Romney has accused President
Johnson of playing politics "dur-
ing a period of tragedy and riot"
in Detroit by delaying dispatch of
federal paratroopers to the city's
riot zones last week.
The governor pointed out that
many of the National Guardsmen
were some 300 miles away in sum-
mer training when the violence
He said he thought it was re-
markable that they moved into
the Detroit area as quickly as
they did, considering the fact that
trucks and other transportation
had to be provided to move the
Romney sad that troops could
be moved faster into Detroit from
Ft. Bragg, N.C., by jet transport
than they could be by truck from
Camp Grayling, where Guards-
men were training.
Some National Guardsmen, he
said, were in Detroit-area arm-
ories Sunday morning when the
rioting began and were kept there
on a standby basis until they were
called into action.
Others were alerted in Grand
Rapids, 150 miles to the west, and
arrived in Detroit within three
hours after called upon, Romney
His announcement of plans to
remove the National Guard from
Detroit came a day after Mayor
Jerome P.tCavanagh requested
a "penetrating and thoughtful"
investigation of the conduct of
city, state and federal govern-
ments in connect with the riot.
Meanwhile, Cyrus Vance, the
President's representative in De-
troit, also commenting on the De-
troit situation, said yesterday
that there were no politics in-
volved in decisions to send feder-
al troops to help quell recent riots
Vance, after first reporting to
Johnson, later told newsmen his
decision to recommend troops was
"based on my own best, honest
judgment of the situation as it
Presidential envoys Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, left, and Clark M. Clifford, center, talk with Adm. U. S.
Grant Sharp, pacific military commander, after they arrived in Honolulu yesterday. Priror to this
stop, they had visited five Vietnam war allies during their two-week tour. Taylor and Clifford will
return to Washington today.
MSU- Tuition Scheme
Literary College Experiments
With Pass-Fail Grade System
By JOHN GRAY
First of Three Partsj
In 1912 the literary college of
the University broke with tradi-
tion and instituted a new system
of grading. Instead of receiving
grades of pass, conditional or
fail, students began to find A's,1
B's, C's, D's and even E's on their
In 1967 the literary college ac-
knowledged that their experiment'
with letter grades had been at
least a partial failure. Certain
seniors were permitted to take
certain courses under an approx-
imation of the old pass-fail sys-
This fall, the use of the old
system is going to be expanded.
Both juniors and seniors "in good
standing" will be permitted to take
nna rit~c nr semester on a bass-
(11 per cent). When questioned as
to why they had chosen a par-
ticular course for pass-fail, 70 per
cent of the students replied that
it was the most difficult course
they had elected, the one that
.presented the most "test pres-
sure." Most of the students said
they would have taken the course
Almost all of the students who
took the pass-fail option were
pleased with the program. Al-
though many seniors tend to treat
all final-semester courses as pass-
fail (because their grade are often
not seen by employers or gradu-
ate schools) they felt that the
actual use of the system gave
them a more relaxed learning
The only source of major dis-
satisfaction among optiontakers
was the knowledege that they
would have gotten a higher grade
See PASS, Page 2
Legislative Body Calls
By DAVID KNOKE
A resolution calling on Michigan
State University trustees to aban-
don plans for basing tuition on
an ability-to-pay basis passed the
State House yesterday in Lansing
with no votes to spare.
The resolution, condemning the
system as "unique, unworkable
and undoubtedly constitutionally
questionable",received exactly the
56 votes needed to pass. Thirty-
eight members opposed the reso-.
lution, which has no binding ef-
fect on the trustees.
Demoratic trustee C o n n 0 r
Smith, who was the swing-vote in
the board's decision in July to
establish the scaled tuition rates
for in-state students, said yester-
day that the board would proba-
bly wait upon a ruling from At-
torney General Frank Kelley on
the plan's constitutionality before
taking further action.
"If the other four trustees who
voted for the plan are willing to
change, I would be glad to also,"
said Smith. Smith said he favors
an across the board tuition hike
to meet shortages in requested
funds from the Legislature. He
changed his vote in favor of the
scaled-tuition plan to break a
deadlock between Republican and
The MSU ability-to-pay plan Y
calls for students from families
making $11,800 or less to pay the
minimum $354 tuition and stu-
dents whose family income' is
above $16,666 to pay a maximum
of $500. Students from families
with income between those figures
would pay a tuition rate of three
per cent of their parents' gross
The current in-state student
tuition is $358.50 per year.
A substitute resolution praising
the graduated tuition system as "a
socially progressive effort" was de-
Republican floor leader William
Hampton, who voted for the con-
demnation resolution, said kelley
is expected to rule soon on the
legality of MSU requiring students
to divulge their families' incomes.
He added the plan does not take
into account the number of chil-
dren in the family.
",you call that equity?" Hamp-
ton said. "I think this thing
they've come up with is just about
as ridiculous as anything I've ever
seen come down the pike."
Although the Legislature can-
not require MSU trustees to aban-
don the plan, Hampton noted,
lawmakers can show disapproval
of "this silly, inequitable pro-
grom" when voting appropriations
for Michigan State next year.
Trustee Don Stevens, the in-
itator of the ability-to-pay plan,
says that the resolution "means
nothing to us. The Legislature
can't tell us what to do because
the board is a separate entity."
Only five Democrats voted with
51 Republicans to pass the resol-
ution. The only Republican 'to
vote against the motion was Dale
Warnar (R-Eaton Rapids), grad-
uate of MSU.
Prof. Charles Killingsworth of
MSU, member of a faculty com-
mittee that studied the original
trustee proposal for the gradu-
- ated tuition plan, commented,
"The resolution is unfortunate be-
cause tuition should be the pri-
mary policy of the governing
board, and not the Legislature."
The original- scaled plan called
for a tuition range from 1200 to
free tutition. The faculty group
recommended a smaller range,
according to Killingsworth, "on
the basis of an adverse effect on
Board May Cancel
School Millage Vote,
Broadcast Editors Discuss Role of Media
During Riot Situations in Urbani Ghettos
one course perallbl«aNa-!
fail basis. By ANN MUNSTER Board President Schumacher.
Two Weeks Grace TheiAnn Arbor school millage Schumacher, Trustee Wite Care
The- option will only apply in election, scheduled for August 28, cuahr rse iimC
elective courses outside the stu- may not take place after all. In Godfrey andTrustee Joseph R.
dent's major field. The student will fact, taxes may be lowered, rath- Jkulin. The committee will report
have two weeks grace at the start er than raised this year. cation next week.
of the semester to decide on The sudden change came Wed- The legal issue of the reserve
which basis he wants to be grad- nesday night after the Board of was first raised last Friday by
ed. Education was informed by its Jay Snell, chairman of the Millage
Under the system as it is now legal counsel, Roscoe 0. Bonisteel, Study Group, a group of citizens
employed, instructors never know Jr., that the maintenance of a who opposed the defeated millage
which, if any, students are tak- working capitalreserve-now $2,- re ests for 5 May 8 and June
ing his course on pass-fail. He 563,538 - was not authorized by 12qu
submits a letter grade to the reg- law. Although this year's budget is
istrar's office, which marks the Commenting on the opinion, the immediate problem, the most
pass-fail student's transcript with School Board President Hazen J. serious implication of the opinion
a P if he received a C, B or A Schumacher, Jr. said, "Our legal may come next spring, when
and enters an F if he received a counsel bases his opinion on his my rs wi be nked to rnew the
D or an E.F study of relevant court cases andexing42mlsadprblyt
The University is not alone in the 1963 Michigan constitution. pirin 4 mill abl to
its partial rejection of the let- His opinion is also conditioned pass an additional millage to
ter-grade system. A growing nu=- by legislation which allows school maintain the level of spending
ber of colleges and universities are districts to borrow in anticipa- created previously by the use of
beginning to give the same or tion of taxes and also to collect the working capital reserve. Schu-
similar options to their students. ahportion of the school taxes in a macher said the request for an
CRLT StudyF the summer. additional millage may be "size-
cl th n"The latter legislation is note- able."
Csty's Cesnte fo Researcho- worthy since our reserve has been Schumacher also noted possible
Learning and Teaching, (CRLT) built up to provide operating funds statewide implications in the
is in the process of conducting a from the July 1st beginning of change since many school districts
study of the pass-fail program at our fiscal year until school tax follow the practice of maintaining
the University. Much of the data collections in December." a working capital reserve.
below was collected by him and Without Reserve Executive Session
published in the CRLT's "Memo Schumacher added, "without the The legal opinion concerning
to the Faculty." reserve, it would have been neces- the millage and its possible impli-
Last spring, 203 seniors in good sary to borrow operating funds for cations triggered a request by Don-
standing elected to take advan- this period. The attorney's opin- aid Newsted, president of the Ann
tage of the new pass-fail program. ion means that, first, all of the Arbor Teachers Association, and
They elected a total of 104 dif-$2.5 million must be in the budg- David Stipe, a key member of the
Th_1 -----ted. ...total o4_ _1_4 dTAf-crfio in a m .fnr a
By GAIL SMILEY no credibility when it calls for
All the riot cities were repre- law and order during the fracas.
senteatlthe rodcstrEditors' Afterwards, Scott, said, the sta-
sented at the Broadcast Eirstion should have a broadcast dia-
luncheon yesterday in the League. tionuhe rbroadcstdga-
Newsmen from Los Angeles, St. logue on the problems of the ghet-
LouismChicagoNewLorNew-.to. He stressed that a station can
Louis, Chicago, Nw YorkNw be a powerful force in the comn-
ark, Grand Rapids and Detroitbeapwrufocinteom
were among those present. Man- munity to be used to work toward
agers of radio and television sta- solutions to social problems.
tions in the riot-torn cities spoke All the speakers told of their
and the othernewsmen asked efforts to find leaders in the Ne-
gro community. Howard Williams,
uestions. It was like a briefing of veteran of the Watts riot, said that
"ostensible leaders of the Negro
Television man Joe Vaughn, community weren't too interested.
Bill Fyffe, news director of
WXYZ-Detroit, said "we shouldn't
give a damn what Negro leaders
say. There aren't any. Go into
the ghetto, don't talk to the lead-
Fyffe was asked if television
stations incited riots by their pic-
torial coverage and he replied that
there was no mention of the De-
troit riot on the news until two '
hours after it started. He also'
said that the Civil Rights Com-
mission had asked television and
radio stations not to use the word
In the discussion of the causes
of the riots, the consensus was
that it wasn't the lowest class
that was rioting, but predominat-
ly the lower middle class.
A delegate from San Francisco
said that his station had planned
to do a documentary on the dan-
ger of fires in windy San Fran-
cisco but had cancelled it because'
"the power of suggestion could
burn the whole town down." He
said that loot from Newark and
Detroit is showing up daily in San