THE QUICK ANSWER?
See editorial page
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not much temperature change
Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVII, No. 49S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 19, 1967 SEVEN CENTS
By THOMAS R. COPI
Special To The Daily
GRAND RAPIDS-Regent Paul
Goebel directs the University's $55
million sesquicentennial fund rais-.
ing drive out of a small suite of
offices in a tall, gray building
in downtown Grand Rapids.
Goebel, who was elected to the
board in 1961, was named nation-
al chairman of the $55M program
at its inception in 1964. Accord-
ing to Goebel, the idea for this
massive fund drive came largely
from "conversations with thej
Board of Regents." It was seen
then as yet another way to cele-
brate the University's 150th an-I
niversary, as well as a way of
providing funds to finance some
projects on campus which might
not otherwise be funded.
Goebel explains the origins of
the $55M program by saying, "Kir-
sten-Brown, a financial consult-
ing organization for many private
colleges, made a survey of alumni
across the country, and reported
to the Regents after some eight
months that a fund drive such
as the one we were considering
would be prietty well received by
University alumni. All that was
left for us to do was decide for
a target amount to shoot for. We
didn't want to put ourselves too Daily summed up this sophomore!
far out on a limb, largely be- prospect:
cause this was the first effort of "Goebel, star end of the fresh-
this kind. But in consultation be- man eleven last season, is prac-f
tween the Regents and Kirsten- tically certain of one of the end
Brown, the figure of $55M was jobs... . Those who saw the scrim-
decided upon." mages between the varsity and thet
Goebel adds that Kirsten-Brown freshmen last fall will remember
was fairly optimistic about the re- the sureness of Goebel's tacklingi
sults of such a drive-"they want- and blocking as well as his almost!
ed a figure that would present a phenomenal ability at catchingt
challenge, but at the same time forward passes."I
wanted a reasonable assurance Goebel recalls that playing un-t
that the figure could be reached." der Coach Fielding Yost was a1
In deciding how the millions of "great experience. He was a won-
dollars from the fund would be derful man, and a wonderful
spent, Goebel says that "the Re- coach." Goebel remembers thatI
gents culled from a list of over "In 1922, we tied with Iowa for1
200 projects the 28 to which they the Big Ten title. We didn't playt
finally gave top priority. These them that year, so we divided t
projects, we felt, pretty well rep- the title. My most vivid memories!
resented a cross-section of inter- from playing ball are of the dedi-I
est on the campus. During the cation game we played at the
course of the fund drive," he then new Ohio State stadium. We
adds, "we of course also received wanted that game pretty badly,1
funds for projects not on the and we won it 19 to 0."j
list." "There were no such things as;
Goebel, who served in the Navy athletic tenders in those, days,"i
in 1918-1919, came to the Univer- Goebel adds. "No one received
sity as an undergraduate follow- anything at all to play; we paidi
ing his discharge from the service. our way like everyone else. Oft
An engineering student, Goebel course there was still recruiting,E
was an authentic football hero but on a much smaller and lessc
during his days at Michigan. Prior official way-mostly it was donej
to his first varsity season, The by alumni," he says.
And Goebel also notes that he
worked his way through college--
"cleaning house, washing dishes
and working in the pool hall in the
Regent Goebel feels that al-
though the University is certain-
ly much larger than it was when
he was a student here, it has al-
ways been a relatively large insti-
tution. "There were the same com-.
ments about the University being
too large then as there are now,"
But, he adds, "with proper ad-
ministration, I don't think num-
bers are any drawback. As a mat-
ter of fact, there are a great many
things you can say in favor of
largeness, especially from the point
of view of efficient administration
"I don't think that the students
have changed much, Goebel says.
"There are evidences that the stu-
dents of today are possibly more
intelligent, better poised, and have
a greater potential than they did
in my day. Of course the competi-
tion for admission has had some
effect on the caliber of the stu-
dents. I think they'll do a better
job than we did. Of course that's
what we all hope for," he adds.
"I think also that today's stu-
dents are more interested in social
problems than before, but I think
that's true of the people of the
populace as a whole," he explains.
"We're very much conscious of
social problems today; and this is
good, but it seems to me that the
methods the activists use to work
toward social change are wrong
sometimes, and sometimes they're
Goebel, who as chairman of the
$55M program has been very close-'
ly associated with the various
alumni groups for the past several'
years, says that "the reaction on
the part of the University alumni
to activist demonstrations in Ann
Arbor is unfavorable. I dont think
that the publicity that these peo-
ple get is good by any stretch of
the imagination; the activities of
these people engender a great
deal of resentment on the part of
older people," Goebel adds.
"And I think that a great deal
of this resentment stems from the
methods the activists use to
achieve their objectives. Their ob-
jectives may be very good," he
cautions, "but the means that they
use to attain those objectives are
very much open to question in a
great many cases."
He quickly adds that "I don't
think that anyone is concerned
about a peaceful demonstration,
but it's a question of how far
they go in their actions to at-
tain their objectives.
Specifically in reference to the
student power' movement on
campus last year, Goebel asks
"what do the students want that
they're not getting now? The re-
gents," he says "are always very
happy to get any sound council
or advice on anything that will
make the University a better in-
stitution than it is. Obviously, the
regents cannot abdicate their res-
ponsibility the responsibility to
which they were elected."
"And at some point during any
discussion," Goebel points out,"
"a decision has got to be made.
Do the students want to make this
decision? I don't know of any
sound suggestions that have come
forward to the executive officers
or the borad of regents that have
not been accepted."
"I don't care where the sugges-
tions come from," Goebel adds,
"They can come from the corner
traffic cop or the fellow that
scrubs the hall. If they're good
suggestions that will better the
institution, or the operations of
the institution, we'll take them,"
"But I cannot forsee a time,"
Goebel notes, "when a univer-
sity, is going to be run by students.
There isn't the maturity there, for
one thing, or the experience.
As for the future of the univer-
sity, Goebel says that "additional
money would certainly take care
of 99 per cent of the problems the
university faces today. One big
problem is faculty, even though
more people are turning toward
teaching. But we'll still have to
depend a lot on teaching fellows."
One of the few regents who can
really be classified as a politician,
Goebel, who served as a Republi-
can mayor of Grand Rapids for
three terms, and as a represent-
ative at the state's Constitutional
Convention, says he ran for the
board because of his interest in
politics and because he has "al-
ways felt very close to the Uni-
versity. The University has always
meant a great deal to me, he
REGENT PAUL GQEBEL
Unbalanced Federal Aid Blamed
For Lack of Humanities Scholars
By ROBERT A. GROSS
Collegiate Press Service
First of Two Parts
Insufficient funds for graduate
training and research in the hu-
manities has created, a severe
gap between the number of post-
graduate students in the sciences
and those in the humanities.
Although nearly 70 per cent of
all college undergraduates major
in the humanitiee, arts and social
sciences, less than one-third of
the r'iaster's degrees awarded a
year ago were in the humanities.
At the doctoral level, only 1,724
students received PhD's in the
humanities, compared to 12,752 in
the natural sciences, engineering,
and education and 1,191 in the so-
"The science student can be
practically certain of a good fel-
lowship," Gustave Arlt, president
of the U.S. Council of Graduate
Schools, told a joint House-Sen-
ate subcommittee last week. "The
best that the humanities student
Late World News
By The Associated Press
NEWARK, N.J.-Shots broke a deadly calm in Plainfield last
night after a racial truce seemingly had ended six bloody days
of shooting and pillaging in New Jersey cities. Newark, which
counted all but two of the state's 27 dead in the Negro violence,
was calm. Sporadic trouble was reported in other communities
in the metropolitan area.
In Paterson, police answered calls of scattered rock throwing
and firemen chased some false alarms. In New Brunswick, near
Plainfield, Mayor Patricia Sheehan and Negro Councilman Al-
drage Cooper Jr., talked about 100 young Negroes who marched
to the police station out of any violence.
THE ILLINOIS Board of Governors of State Colleges and
Universities refused to approve the appointment of Staughton C.
Lynd to the Chicago State College history department because
of his 1965 visit to North Vietnam, in defiance of the State
Lynd, a supporter of nonviolent civil disobedience, is on
one year leave from the Yale University history department and
had previously sought to join the faculty at every public university
in Illinois. The board stated that it "believes the teacher has a
responsibility to stay within the laws of this country."
The rejection came after the unanimous recommendation of
the faculty and the college administration.
" $ $ ',
NEW YORK'S VOTING age will remain at 21' on a new
state Constitution. After four hours of debate yesterday, pro-
posals which would have set the age of 19 and then 20 came
very close to passage. Supporters of an 18-year-old voting age
will have their chance to gain backing today, but it was doubted
whether this plan could come as close to the necessary support
DETROIT MAYOR JEROME CAVANAGH, was sued by his wife
Mary Helen, yesterday for separation. Cavanagh, a 37-year-old
former college beauty queen filed the suit in Wayne County Cir-
cuit Court. Details were suppressed under an order signed by
Judge Joseph Sullivan. The suit would amount to a legal separ-
ation, under which Cavanagh would pay his wife's support.
Cavanagh, 39, and his wife are Roman Catholics. They have
eight children ranging in age from 2 to 13.
STUDENT PROTESTORS at the University of Minnesota
have been encouraged to stage demonstrations by their admin-
istration, Dr. E. G. Williamson, Minnesota Dean of Students
reported yesterday. "Sometimes we even help them," he said, "it's
can hope for is a teaching assist-
antship, which requires at least
10 hours of service per week.
He blames the federal govern-
ment, in particular, which last
year gave nearly $16 billion for
the sciences, compared to $5 mil-
lion for the humanities.- ,
"The science student can de-
vote himself fully to his studies
without financial worries and can
therefore get his doctorate in a
minimum period of time. The hu-
manities' student must earn his
fellowship and therefore gives only
approximately half his time to his
studies. The result is that it takes
him from six to 10 years to ac-
quire his doctorate, if he ever
The subcommittee meeting at
which Arlt testified was held to
consider legislation to extend the
National Endowment for the Hu-
manities, established by Congress
in 1965 as part of the National
Foundation on the Arts and Hu-
manities. The endowment is de-
signed to strengthen teaching,
graduate training and research in
the humanities, including linguis-
tics,, literature, history, philosophy
and related fields.
In its first two years, the En-
dowment has attempted to ac-
complish these goals by providing
post-doctoral fellowships, spon-
soring research projects, and pro-
moting innovations in teaching the
humanities. The Endowment has
also given assistance to museums
and historical societies and done
some work in educational tele-
"Not only do teachers in the
schools lack the knowledge and
the materials with which to teach
'humanities) effectively," says
Barnaby C. Keeney, chairman of
the Endowment, "but research ito
the facts of human development
has been far less abundantly sup-
ported and less of it has found
its way into instruction" than
But the Endowment has limited
funds to carry out its programs,
compared to the demand.
Keeney says the Endowment re-
ceived grant applications last year
for $56 million, of which it could
have "prudently" awarded $25 mil-
lion. The Endowment had only"
$4.5 million available for fiscal
1966 and 1967. For 1968, the agen-
cy has already received applica-
tions for $30 million, although its
budget for grants is only $3.5 mil-
lion. The agency asked for $6 mil-
One reason for sharp cut in
funds was Congressional opposi-
tion to some of the Endowment's
grants. Last February, Rep. Dur-
ward Hall (R-Mo), denounced
$8,789 grant to a University of
California professor to complete a
history of the comic strip.
Rep. Thompson and Sen. Clai-
borne Pell (D.-R.I.), chairman of
the Senate Special Subcommittee
on the Arts and Humanities, have
introduced bills in both Houses
which give permanent authoriza-
tion to the Endowment. At pres-
ent, Congress must consider two
separate measures for the En-
dowment's appropriations each
year - an . authorization bill
stating the amount the agency
can receive and an appropria-
tions bill stating how much it
will get. If the new bill is passed,
the Endowment will have to face
only one Congressional fight each
year for its funds.
TOMMOROW: Proposals for
a National Foundation of the'
Moreover, Keeney notes, "The
people who engage in scientific
teaching and research are better'
selected, better equipped, and bet-
ter paid than the people who study
and teach the humanities."
Keeney says the purpose
Humanities Endowment is
broader, though, than just
scholarship at colleges.
CONFER ON RAIL STRIKE
President Johnson gave a firm hand shake to Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore), yesterday after they
conferred at the White House on the quickest means to get the railroads back into full operation
under the Congressional order which ended the nationwide strike. Morse was named chairman of a
five-member board which will attempt to mediate the dispute. (See story on page 3.)
International Students Learn
English at Language Institute
Dies from Failure
To Attain Advertising
Collegiate Press Service
NEW YORK-"Campus Courier,"
the Reader's Digest Association's
proposed college newspaper' sup-
plement, is dead.
Paul W. Thompson, DPigest ex-
ecutive vice-president, announced
the decision not tq publish the
"Courier" late last week. "The
best media, we have come to rea-
lize, are the college newspapers
themselves," be said. "The long-
range prospects for keeping adver-
tising healthy in college news-
papers are better without such
competition as the 'Courier,"' he
"Campus Courier" was intended
to be a glossy magazine insert in
college papers, to be produced by
National Educational Advertising
Services (NEAS), a Digest sub-
sidiary which is advertising rep-
resentative for 925 college news-
When the magazine was first in-
troduced in April, many college
editors turned it down. Some ob-
jected to the editorial content,
which resembled that of its parent
publication, Reader's D i g e s t.
Others objected on financial
grounds, fearing that the proposed
magazine would cut into their
regular national advertising.
But the editorial autonomy of
the papers was never seriously in
question because the "Courier"
continued features which were
mainly concerned with national,
rather than campus, issues.
The drive against the "Courier"
was led by the U.S. Student Press
Association (USSPA) and the Co-
lumbia University Spectator. In
late April, USSPA's National Ex-
ecutive Board issued a statement
opposing the "Courier" on the
grounds that it would hurt the fi-
nancial independence and editorial
autonomy of college papers.
Though many of the nation's
leading college papers, including
The Daily, refused to take the
supplement, NEAS still reported
circulation figures were encour-
aging. At the start of May, NEAS
said it had half of its proposed
Thompson said last week that
advertiser interest in the "Courier"
was low and that this resulted in
the cancellation of the magazine.
He also said color advertising,
a major feature of the "Courier,"
which college papers could not
offer advertisers, "did not turn out
as attractive as expected."
The "Courier" met heavy oppo-
sition from the student newspapers
who were to assist in its operation.
The April free sampler remained
in stockpiles on campuses even
though it was free.
The "Courier," however, met
competition from "give-away "
magazines, such as "Big Ten,"
By JILL CRABTREE
Teaching English to foreign stu-
dents and teachers, and preparing
Americans to teach English as a
foreign language are the prime
functions of the English Language
Institute, familiarly known as ELI.
Students at the Institute come.
from all over the world. Presently
the majority come from countries
in Latin America. The second lar-
gest group are Asiatics, with stu-
dents from Japan predominating.
Other countries represented in-
clude France, Germany, and Spain.
There is one student from Viet-
Study of Leisure Time Shows
People Prefer Light ActivitleS
By BOB SKOGLAND ing, which aptly enough offers person in the national sample with
Apparently, the typical Ameri- relatively little exercise benefit to less than a high school education
can male's love for sports falls the participant. reported exercising.
short of actual participation. This Robinson said that the survey According to Robinson, it was
is the conclusion to be drawn actually had two parts. The first impossible to determine from the
from a report by John P. Robin- section merely measured general survey statistics whether partici-
son, study director in the Survey sports activity over a year, with- pation rates for college students
Research Center of the Institute out a breakdown into individual differed significantly from those
for Social Research. sports. for the rest of the population.
Robinson's report is based on a In the second portion, a "diary" If university students can be
national survey of the leisure time was kept by those participating in taken as a representative sample.
of more than 1200 Americans, who the survey. From this diary came he said, college students engage
were requested to keep a "diary" the information on the most pop- in sports much more than the
of their activities. ular sports and activities.d average Americans in the survey.
Despite the fact that they rate! Exercising was reported to be
only marriage and children as about one half as popular as bowl- Student attendance at an aver-
rnry ar e ocnd c n n ing, and basketball ran a close age football game is roughly 22,-
Founded in 1941 by Prof. Charles
Fries with the aid of a Rockefeller
Foundation grant, ELI has since
that time expanded into three
separate. and definable programs
to accomplish its many and varied
aims. These include a testing pro-
gram, an Intensive Course for for-
eign students who want to learn
English, and a Teacher Education
Program for both American and
foreign men and women with a
background in English who want
to learn how to teach English
The testing program consists of
a series of standardized examina-
tions in English proficiency, called
"Michigan Tests." They are widely
used at Universities throughout
the countriy to determine the
eligibility of foreign students wish-
ing to enroll.
The tests are also used by the
U.S. Information Service in Greece
and Brazil to determine the ability
of teachers who wish to instruct
students in English there.
The major progam ELI oper-
ates is its Intensive Course in Eng-
lish. According to Wardhaugh,
most of the people who come to
the University to take this course
are professional or academic peo-
ple. They are often sponsored by
government and business organ-
izations. Presently the Latin Amer-
ican Scholastic Program of Amer-
ican Universities (LASPAU) is
sponsoring a group of 16 students.
Other organizations include the
Agency for International Develop-
ries. The emphasis in this course
is on oral skills learned in small
groups. There are presently ap-
proximately 80 students enrolled'
in this program.
The other section of the In-
tensive Course is a 15-week pro-
gram. Students in this program
learn the same skills as students
in the 8-week program, coupled
with instruction in reading and
writing of English. Approximately
115 students are currently enrolled
in this course.
Teacher Education Program
A second program conducted by
ELI is the Teacher Education
Program. Wardhaugh said sum-
mer participants in this program
are usually Americans sponsored
by various church groups and
business organizations, while
spring and fall participants are
usually people from abroad who
wish to formally qualify as
English teachers in their home-
Students in this program learn
more than just linguistics and
teaching methods. They also hear,
lectures on such subjects as Amer-
ican theatre, American Negro pro-
test, business, religion and politics
in America, and the American leg-
Many students in this program
are also sponsored by the De-
partment of Health, Education
In addition to merely academic
studies, the institute also offers
its students creative experiences
in international relations and the