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July 08, 1967 - Image 3

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Michigan Daily, 1967-07-08

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SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1967

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE TElEs

SATURDAY, JULY 8,1967 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Pa r~~a TW1vuR

In

Ask McNamara
For More Troops
Westmoreland Briefs Defense Chief;
General Claims U.S. Winning War

MERCENARIES LAND:
Congolese Claim Tshombe Plot
To Depose President Mobutu

SAIGON (AP) - Gen. William
C. Westmoreland urged Defense
Secretary Robert S. McNamara
yesterday to provide more Amer-
ican troops for Viet Nam war
which, he said, "We are winning,
slowly but steadily."
The commander of U.S. frorces
in Vietnam, with 464,000 service-
men on hand, was believed to want
at least 100,000 additional sold-
iers, a number that probably
would mean calling up some re-
servists.
There was no immediate indi-
cation of McNamara's response.
The briefing of McNamara was
conducted in secret, but an of-
ficial U.S. spokesman announced
} the. highlights.
Westmoreland asked for more
troops "to step up pressure on the
enemy by reinforcing our mount-
ing success.
Lev Could
Be Confined
Without Bail
WASHINGTON (A) - The Army
may confine Capt. Howard B.
Levy throughout the review and
consideration of any appeals of
his sentence for disobedience and
disloyalty, the U.S. Court of Mili-
tary Appeals ruled yesterday.
The three civilian judges of the
highest military tribunal refused
to order Levy's release with or
without bail.
It was the second such legal re-
verse for the 30-year-old Brook-
lyn physician in. two days. A U.S.
District Court judge in Columbia,
S.C., declined Thursday to grant
bail or parole to the officer.
Three Years
He is under sentence by a court
martial at Ft. Jackson, S.C., to
three years in prison and dis-
missal from the service for re-
fusing to train U.S. Special Forces
-Green Beret-medics 'and for
advising servicemen not to serve
in Vietnam.
His attorney, Charles Morgan of
the Atlanta office of the American
Civil Liberties Union, said when
the twin petitions were filed they
would be appealed to higher courts
if denied.
Pending completion of military
reviews of the court martial ver-
dict and sentence, Levy is under
guard at the hospital detention
building at Ft. Jackson.
Free Speech
Levy's petition was based on
the Constitution's First Amend- 1
ment guarantee of free speech
and association, due process pro-
visions of the Fifth Amendment
and Eighth Amendment prohibi-
tions against excessive punish-
ment.
The court ruled that neither
common law nor the Constitution
guarantees the rlghth to bail for
a person after conviction and
pending appeal and that Congress
wrote no bail provisions in the
Uniform Code of Military Jus-
tice.
The military tribunal noted also
that Congress specifically exclud-
ed court martial cases in passing
the Bail Reform Act of 1966.
As to attorney Morgan's conten-
tion that the Army is violating
Levy's rights by holding him, the
court found that "the character
'4 and extent of a series of offenses
afford a proper basis for the ex-
ercise of discretionary power" by a
commanding officer to deny re-
lease of an officer prisoner.

"North Vietnam is paying a
tremendous price with nothing to
show for it in return," he said.
"There war is not a stalemate.,
We are winning, slowly but stead-
ily."
President Johnson's personal
trouble shooter for the pacifica-
tion program, Robert W. Komer,
told McNamara progress in the
revolutionary development field
could be expected "in fits and
starts."
Komer said "our growing main
force military pressure" has per-
mitted an increasing number of
South Vietnamese troops to be
devoted to protection of pacific-
ation teams. He added that the
Viet Cong and North Vietnamese
regulars could no longer inter-
rupt the program at will.
He outlined an eight point "ac-
tion plan for accelerated devel-
opment of th pacification pro-
gram."
Komer's plan included increas-
ed emphasis on the open arms
program to encourage Communist
defectors and improve coordina-
tion with the military guards.
No. 6 on his list of priorities
was land reform -- a long stag-
nant subject which the Viet Cong
used as a major recruiting argu-
ment among the peasants.
After the formal meeting, Mc-
Namara returned to, Ambassador
Ellsworth Bunker's residence for
private talks with Bunker, West-
moreland and a few other offic-
ials.
Among the subjects quickly
covered in the late afternoon
were measures to curb the spend-
ing of U.S. soldiers, an anti in-
flationary program and the local
allocation of construction funds.
The war rumbled on with con-
tinued artillery duelling in the
area of the demilitarized zone and
a half dozen planes lost in wide-
spread U.S. air operations as
Westmoreland conducted the first
briefing of the defense secre-
tary's ninth visit to Vietnam in
the U.S. Army's headquarters at
Tan Son Nhut Air Base.

-Associated Press
Top U.S. commanders in Vietnam lined up in Saigon yesterday for their day-long briefing session
with Defense Secretary Robert McNamara. From left are: Adm. Ulysses S. G. Sharp, Gen. Earle
Wheeler, McNamara, Ellsworth Bunker, and Gen. William Westmoreland.
DANGEROUS POSITION:
Bleak Days for Nasser

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (P)-
The Congo laid before the Sec-
urity Council yesterday details of
an alleged three phase plot which
it said was hatched in Spain by
ex-Premier Moise Tshombe and
European aides to do away with
Congolese President Joseph Mo-
butu.
In a two part presentation The
Congo also said latest information
was that white mercenaries had
fled the embattled city of Kisan-
gani for Rhodesia in their two
planes and another stolen from
the Congolese National Airlines.
A Rhodesian government spokes-
man announced in Salisbury that
a plane carrying wounded white
men and Africans from the Congo
landed last night at Kariba, Rho-
desia.
White Mercenaries
The plane presumably was un-
der command of the white merce-
naries.
The spokesman said injured pas-
sengers from the plane were re-
ceiving treatment at Kariba Hos-
pital. Kariba is about 300 miles
northwest of Salisbury, seat of the
white minority Rhodesian govern-
men that broke away from Britain
on Nov. 11, 1965.
Congolese Ambassador Theodore
Idzuimbuir told the council his
government had asked Rhodesian
authorities to arrest the mercena-
ries and return the stolen plane.
He blamed Tshombe and his
supporters for the current internal
troubles in The Congo, including
the landing of the white mercena-
ries in two planes on Wednesday.
He also named Belgium, Spain,
and Portugal as centers of pro-
Tshombe activities.
The Congo representative has
asserted that the alleged Madrid
plot had these three phases:
1. Economic sabotage, which he
said had resulted in dynamiting of

a key bridge and a power trans-
mission line in Katanga.
2. Provocation of mutinies in
the Congolese National Army.
3. Physical elimination of the
chief of state, President Mobutu.
He specifically named a number
of Belgian and French nationals
as agents of Tshombe who had
made trips from Portugese Angola
into The Congo either for purposes
of sabotage or to work with
Tshombe sympathizers in The
Congo.
Westerners Unaware
Idzumbuir said, "certain polit-
ical and financial centers in some
Western countries, and particular-
ly Belgium, Spain and Portugal,
are not aware" of the, plotting'
against the central government of
The Congo.
The council meeting came as
The Congo sought direct help from
the United States and backing'
from the United Nations in its ef-
fors to defeat the mercenaries it
says are seeking to overthrow the
government.
After a recss following Idzum-
buir's presentation, the council
adjourned until 3 p.m. Monday,
with the understanding the mem-
bers would meet earlier if the situ-
ation demanded it.
The nonpermanent members of
the 15 nation council were drafting
a resolution appealing to all coun-
tries to bar recruitment of mer-
cenaries in what the Congo alleged
was a conspiracy aimed at re-
versing economic reforms under-
taken by Mobutu.
They were awaiting more detail-
ed information from the Congo at
a council meeting before formally
introducing the resolution, expect-
ed to win unanimous approval.
Outside the council there were
these developments in the turbu-
lent Congo situation:
-Mobutu' sent a message to'

In

Wake of Arab War

By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press News Analyst
President Gamal Abdel Nasser's
silence since the end of the Arab-
Israeli war speaks louder than
his accustomed resounding oratory.
Not since the night of June 9
when he offered to resign-an
offer rejected by his rubber stamp
National Assembly-has the Egyp-
tian president had anything to say
publicly. This reticence strength-
ens any impression that the man
who sought to be the leader of all
Arabs is not yet out of danger
from the repercussions of Arab
defeat and humiliation.
Nobody has told the Egyptians
where they go from here. Nobody
in high office, not even their idol-
ized Nasser, has come forward to
tell them how to bind up the
wounds, how to restore self re-
spect, how to seek new confidence.
What they have learned, grad-
ually, is that the war cost them
dearly, not only in killed and

Kiesinger Announces Plans
To Cut German Army's Size

wounded and not only in the loss
of their Soviet arms and equip-
ment, but in the severe shock to
an economy which already was
rocky.
Nasser has a new government in
which he is both president and
premier. Thus he assumes person-
ally all the responsibility for
measures which must be under-
taken. Agencies of this new gov-
ernment have been cutting costs
to the bone.
Nasser's silence has fascinated
some who have considered them-
selves his friends, for example, the
Yugoslav Communists. A dispatch
from Cairo to the Communist par-
ty newspaper Borba in Belgrade
has come up with some intriguing
lines of speculation.
The dispatch noted that mili-
tary uniforms have disappeared
gradually from Cairo's streets. It
said that army officers travel in
civilian clothes to their posts and,
after work, change from uniforms
for the trip home.
In short, the professional soldier
who was the hero of all a month
ago is getting unpopular.
Naser's acceptance of Soviet
terms for new arms and equip-
ment to replace what he lost can
prove dangerous to him since a
large conservative element among
his followers balks at any further
expansion of Communist influence
in Egypt. The Russians this time
are insisting that Nasser agree to
a heavy influx of Soviet advisers
and technicians to make sure that
Moscow's investment does not go
down the drain again.
Nasser obviously had adopted
caution as his watchword as he
weighs the cumulative impact on
his people and all Arabs of the
Egyptian military and diplomatic
disasters. It is notable that in-
fluential voices now are being rais-
ed in Cairo for a more realistic
look at Israel. One of the most
knowledgeable journalists in Egypt

wrote that the notion of destroy-
ing Israel as a nation was a basic
mistake which contributed heavily
to Egypt's calamity.
Nasser is receiving new arms,
but Egypt and the Arabs are going
to be weak for a long time. The
weakness will be aggravated by
economic difficulties among a
hungry population growing at such
a rate that even the prized Aswan
Dam being built by the Russians
cannot reclaim enough land to
keep food production ahead of
population increase.

Israel's Prime Minister Claims
Dayan Does Not Merit Credit

BONN, Germany (M-)-Chancel-
lor Kurt Georg Kiesinger announc-
ed plans yesterday to cut West
Germany's 461,000 man army to
enable his government to balance
its budgets for the next four years.
The move will put West Ger-
many even further away from
meeting its commitment to the
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-
tion, for an army of 500,000 men.
West Germany has never met this
pledge.
Kiesinger did not specify how
many men would be cut, but reli-
able estimates put the figure at
40,000 to 60,000.
The reduction will cut further
into the strength of Western ar-
mies in Europe. The United States
announced in May that it would
withdraw 35,000 of its 225,000 sol-
diers, sailors and airmen in this
country. Britain has said it will
pull out 5000 of its 55,000 man
Rhine army.
Britain and the United States
made these decisions because West
Germany said it was no longer
able to offset the foreign ex-
change of these troops by arms
purchases.
In Washington, Robert J. Mc-

Closkey, State Department press
officer, said the United States
would oppose any troop cutback
by West Germany without consul-
tation among the NATO allies.
Kiesinger announced also that
there would be cuts in arms and
equipment purchases for the West
German army, and reductions in
civil defense expenditures.
He said the measures are part
of a financial and economic plan
designed to balance budgets for
the next four years and to get
West Germany's stagnant econo-
my going again.
Kiesinger's cabinet reached the
decisions after three days of meet-
ings, which ended with a mara-
thon 15-hour session Thursday
night.
The measures include a new
business turnover tax which will
be pegged at 10.5 per cent begin-
ning next year and a 3 per cent
rise in income tax for those earn-
ing more than $4000 a year.

TEL AVIV, Israel (IP)-Prime Min-
ister Levi Eshkol criticized De-
fense Minister Moshe Dayan yes-
terday and gave most of the credit
for Israel's victory in the Arab war
to Maj.-Gen. Yitzhak Rabin, chief
of staff.
; Shortly before the war broke out
June 5, Eshkol reluctantly bowed
to pressure and made Dayan,
member of an opposition party,
defense minister. Dayan had led
Israel to victory in the 1956 war
with Egypt.
Eshkol had held the Defense
Ministry portfolio as well as the
prime minister's post, and he in-
dicated this situation may be re-
stored.
"The separation of the defense
portfolio from the premiership
made no difference in the war's
outcome," he said in an interview
with the newspaper Yediot Ahar-
onot. "But they should be held by
the same man in the future.
"Dayan's entry into the Cabinet
improved morale, but he credit for
the victory goes to the chief of

President Johnson asking for mill-
tary aid.
In Washington, a State Depart-
ment spokesman said yesterday
that President Johnson has re-
fused the message. The spokesman
refused to discuss any specific re-
quest for American assistance.
However, officials indicated that
it is quite possible that transport
aircraft are being sought to help
loyal Congolese troops put down
the uprising of rebellious soldiers
and foreign mercenaries.
Press oficer Robert J. McCloskey
told newsmen at his midday brief-
ing thatithere had been a com-
munication from Mobutu.
-The Congolese government
claimed its troops had regained
control of Bukavu and part of Ki-
sangani, formerly Stanleyville,
from white mercenaries who at-
tacked on Wednesday.
Reports from the fighting area
said the white European merce-
naries were aided by Katangan
soldiers who were backers of
former Premier Moise Tshombe,
whose abduction to Algiers pre-
ceded the outbreak of violence.
Tshombe's strongest supporters
are in mineral rich Katanga Pro-
vince, which he once ruled as a'
separatist leader.
Fighting Spread
A Belgian teacher newly arrived
in Brussels said the mercenaries
with Katangan 6 support attacked
a Congolese army camp at Salo,
outside Bukavu, on Wednesday,
and the fighting spread later into
Bukavu itself.
The teacher identified the leader
of the mercenaries as a Maj.
Schramm, a Belgian, and said they
had the support of Gen. Eustache
Kakudji, commander of the 5th
Congolese Army Group, who has
tribal bonds with the Katangans.
At the United Nations, diplo-
mats believed that Tshombe's
eventual fate was a key factor in
the Congo situation. He was ab-
ducted on a flight in Spain's
Baleraic Islands last Friday and
taken to Algiers, where author-
ities were considering a Congo-
lese request for extradition,
Death
Tshombe faces a death sentence
pronounced in absentia. If he is
returned and the execution car-
ried out, it could signal even more
trouble, the diplomats predicted.
The Congo was of special con-
cern to Secretary General U
Thant, who has responsibility for
a total of 575 UN personnel work-
ing in the Congo on various econ-
omic, social and technical projects.
Of the total, 99 are directly em-
ployed by the United Nations;
others are attached to various UN
specialized agencies.
The UN resident representative
in the Congo is Jacque S. Lejer, a
Haitian. A UN spokesman said
there were no reports from him
telling of a danger or injury to
UN personnel.
Thant canceled a trip to Geneva
because of he Congo and Middle
East situations. He had planned
to address the UN Economic and
Social Council in the Swiss city
on Tuesday.

staff, Maj. Gen. Yitzhak Rabin,
and to the government. The self
praise of one man, Dayan, is not
honorable. If it continues, then
we will have to react."
Eshkol was asked why Israel had
agreed to a U.S. request to with-
hold action after Egypt closed the
Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping
late in May. Israel's port of Elath
is on the gulf and the closing led
directly to the war.
"I told everyone that if Presi-
dent Johnson asks us to delay ac-
tion we would have to provide him
with more time, so that later on
he would not be able to say: 'I told
you to wait. I asked you to give me
time to act. But because you did
not listen to me you'll have to bear
the consequences.'"
In the same interview Eshkol
also made a peace gesture toward
the Vatican in the dispute over
Jerusalem, now entirely under Is-
rael's flag. Jordan occupied the
Old City until driven out in the
war.

To Vatican demands that Jeru-
salem be made an international'
city, Eshkol said Israel will agree
to "a certain measure of control
by the Vatican" over Christian'
holy places.
Pope Paul VI has sent Msgr. An-
gelo Felici, the Vatican under-
secretary of state, to Israel to dis-
cuss the holy sites in the Old. City
of Jerusalem.
The Jerusalem Post, often a
mouthpiece for Foreign Ministry
views, said Msgr. Felici would find
Israel ready to work out satis-
factory arrangements for the holy
places. But it reiterated that Is-
rael will oppose any request that
it get out of Jerusalem. The Wail-
ing Wall in the Old City is sacred
to Jews.
"The Vatican's emissary should
see how they-the Jordanians-
dealt with the Walling Wall," Esh-
kol said. "He should have seen the
piles of garbage in this holy place
of Judaism, the destroyed syna-
gogues."

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World News Roundup,

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LADIES'
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By The Associated Press
LAGOS, Nigeria (AP) - Ra-
dio Biafra, mouthpiece of the
Eastern region that seceded from
Nigeria on May 30. said Friday
that Biafran troops had repulsed
"a full frontal assault" of Niger-
ian forces who were led by white
mercenaries.
There was no confirmation in
Lagos of such a fight. The head
of Nigeria's Defense Ministry, A.
I. Obeya, said he had heard noth-
ing about an attack.
ALBANY, N.Y. - New York
State laws that prohibit burning
of the American flag were upheld
unanimously Friday by the state's
4 highest court. In doing so, the
court of Appeals sustained the
conviction of Sidney Street of
Brooklyn for burning a flag on a
Brooklyn street corner.

ALGIERS, Algeria - The air-
borne kidnaping of Congo ex-
Premier Moise Tshombe was car-
ried out at the command of a
single passenger who pulled a pis-
tol with a silencer and ordered
the pilots of Tshombe's charter
plane to land at Algiers, the Al-
gerian Information Ministry said
Friday night.
WASHINGTON - The admin-
istration acknowledged Friday
that some companies and workers
might be hurt by the "Kennedy
Round" of tariff cuts but it prom-
ised federal aid to ease any dis-
ruptions.
The administration leaders who
outlined the negotiations at a
U.S. Chamber of Commerce con-
ference said Congress will be ask-
ed to provide help where either
labor or management is hurt by
increased imports.

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