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June 20, 1967 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1967-06-20

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See editorial page



:43 a t I

Warm and humid with
chance of showers

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
US. Libraries Wary of ControverSial Perio
By ANN MUNSTER road "are hard to pin down." He refusal by librarians of subscrip- Journal," in which the author con- problems and issues of our times." a function here." He said in the editorial policy, were prepared tol
"The typical librarian will tend claimed in the preface to his book tion offers from pressure groups tended that libraries evidenced a Muller is a member of the Intel- preface to his book that in dealing avoid misleading generalities and
to stick to the middle of the road," that "with rare exceptions, college is a sensitive subject. widepsread lack of represen'tation lectual Freedom Committee, estab- with fringe publications, "the to cite concrete examples of any
when selecting periodical subscrip- and public libraries tend to shy Tht problem, according to Mul. of extreiist publications. He ad- lished for the purpose of seeing usual criteria of book selection, characteristic attributed to the
tions for libraries, according to away from the highly controver- ler ,is that "people . .. can't dis- vocated that "it is incumbent upon to it that libraries fulfill their that is, substance and quality, do publication.
Robert H. Muller, author of "From sial in their subscriptions to per- tinguish between the librarian who librarians, not only to provide dis- function in upholding intellectual not apply. These publications exist. Muller pointed out that a few
Radical Left To Extreme Right," iodicals. They often limit them- merely wants to display these pub- senting views, but to educate the freedom completely. He added that We should not bar them from the of these publications were avail-
The book calls attention to cur- selves to what is included in col- lications and the person who ad- public to the existence of these the word "practical" in the Bill public just because we may find able in the library stacks, but no1
rent periodicals of protest, con- lective indexes, to magazines of vocates their editorial position." views wherever they are available." of Rights is under revision. them distasteful personally or un- special emphasis was given to
troversy, and dissent and has re- culture and quality, to mass cir- And in some localities a threat Muller agrees with this activist The book includes, with few interesting, or of low quality. They them. A few can also be found at
aently been published by Campus culaton periodicals and to a few notable omissions, descriptions of are important if they have an au- the Ann Arbor Public Library.
Publishers in Ann Arbor. titles of an extremist nature that the publications of all fringe or- dience of subscribers or possibly Muller also stated that a display
It is essentially a bibliography are donated by pressure groups." security of librarians who display to support the whole concept o ganizations from the Communist for no other reason than that of the major radical publications
containing dispassionate s u m- A primary reason for the mark- These problems arise mainly in or not "our tolerance goes so far ty to the John Birch Society. someone is willing to provide the would only cost the library about
maries of the content of sample ed absence of "fringe publications" saprodemsnain e andos tolerane goessoartHe believes that many of them are money to subsidize them." $600'a year.
issues lof various Periodicals. Ac- from most library shelves is that obnoxious from the point of view Muller said that something more He did not envision complete
Isuof varitousperisgiodls."Ac-rfromnsmosttlirary helveisotatssal-town libraries, rather than ideas we hate."
cordingto Muller, it is a guide to "librarians often do not know altsa unive i of the average person and added than an annotated bibliography of acceptaance of the idea but felt
librarians and other educators enough about the-naturties The primary danger in these In the preface Muller also cites that some of them are disavowed these publications is needed be- that if students were to clamor for
wading through the "polemic dissenting voices and the sources institutions is self censorship the Library Bill of Rights, which by the members of their own cause so many of their titles are it, subscriptions to these publica-
fringe" for obtaining them." Another rea- groups. misleading. Summaries of the act- tions could be obtained.f
Muller explained that the rea- son, often cited by librarians as a Muller said his interest in the commit librarians to a policy of It is Muller's contention that ual content, based upon examina- One place in the Universityl
sons for "the typical librarians" justification, is the lack of public problem originally sprang from an providing materials presenting all "in a democracy there ought to tion of three issues of the period- where fringe group publications
adhesiveness to the middle of the demand for them. However, the article published in the "Library points of view concerning the be dissent" and "the library has ical which seemed typical of its can be found is the Labadie Col-

lection, given to the University in
1911 by Jo Labadie, an early Mich-
igan anarchist and labor leader.
Though the Collection's strong
point is still anarchist literature,
it has grown to include material
relating to a great variety of pro-
test movements and similar organ-
According to Muller, the pro-
ject was undertaken in part be-
cause of the resources available in
the Labadie Collection. It, in turn,
benefited the Collection by identi-
fying a few serial publications that
had not been collected previously.
Initial money for the book was
provided by a grant, to the editor
from the Jackson Social Welfare
Fund, a locally based fund in Ann
Arbor, administered by the First
Unitarian Church.

Democrats Indicate Agreement
On State Income Tax 'Unlikely

Kos ygin




Daily News Analysis
The state Legislature has less
than two weeks to take action on
the $233 million question of fiscal
reform and on the scores of pro-
visions in a billion dollars worth
of spending bills.
Indications yesterday were that
most Democratic legislators be-
lieve agreement on the income tax
portion of the bill is as unlikely
now as it wastwo months ago,
when the House rejected the bill
in a roll call vote and sent it to
the Senate for action.
The Senate passed the bill in
mid-May, hoping to get to con-
sidereration of the state appro-
priations budget, but Legislators

have watched important debate
on the fiscal problem into name-
calling sessions and fruitless man-
For the lack of six Democratic
votes to make up for six opposing
Republicans, the bill's backers
have tried one time-consuming
compromise after another while
the budget has been ignored last
week, it appeared Democrats
would agree to the measure if
its two and a half per cent income
tax provisions could be put to a
public referendum next year.
But, state Attorney General
Frank Kelley struck down this one
hope of a quick settlement yes-
terday when he ruled that the
Legislature has no authority to

Late World News
By The Associated Press
ATLANTA, GA.-Gunfire and rock-throwing erupted last
night in a racially tense Negro neighborhood shortly after hun-
dreds turned out from a church were Stokely Carmichael
urged them; to "play it cool."
As the Negroes streamed back from the church through a
shopping center where racial incidents occurred in the two pre-
vious nights, the hail of rocks bounced off police cars and
around officers patrolling the area.
All available reinforcements were called into the area im-
NINETY-FIVE POLICEMEN reported themselves ill yes-
terday in a continuing fight aimed at winning a pay raise from
their present top scale of $7,335 a year to $10,000.
Meanwhile, the Detroit Police Officers Association, the
policemen's union, brought a $1 million damage suit against the
city and the Police Department for alleged harassment of pen-
alized officers.
MICHIGAN SELECTIVE SERVICE boards will order 2,129
regular registrants to report for induction into the Army in
The August call is the highest since last November when
2,923 men were called and compares with 1,167 ordered to report
in July and 1,174 in June.

call a special public referendum
on any legislation it passes.
No matter what the outcome
of the work toward another com-
promise this week, a vote in the
House is expected tommorrow or
Thursday. If the bill passes in
any form, it will go to a joint Sub-
committee on Fiscal Reform,
which will join the Senate and
House versions of the bill into a
proposal which will go to
Romney for signature. Romney
has claimed that he will approve
almost any "reasonable" means
of increasing the" state revenues.
In the meantime, Romney has
ordered movement of the budget
bills from the House and Senate
committees for floor debates. The
$663.5 million houseportion of
the Appropriations budget was
reported out of Committee on
Friday despite the unclear status
of state revenues for next year's
The total value of the two sets
of measures as they now stand
is $1,075, which is about $75 mil-
lion less than Romney requested
in his original budget. But, if
fiscal reform fails to gain approv-
al, the total amount will be slash-
ed to about $880 million on a so-
called "austerity budget" and cut
state programs 15 per cent across
the board.
The University's $62.2 million
budget request would be affected
by ths cut and University presi-
dent Harlan Hatcher has reported
that whenever the Legislature
works on the request, part of the
Senate request appropriations ac-
tion, the regents will meet to
plan the University budget for
the next year in detail.
The University may send a
delegation before the Senate to
present the case for increased
appropriations. The bill is expect-
ed out of the Senate committee
next Monday.
The problem with the whole op-
eration, with two weeks to go, is
time. Both parties are so alienated
at present, that fast action can-
not be expected on the budget.
The budget must be signed by the
governor on July 15 for the new
fiscal year, which begins July 1.
If a party split continues the
state, according to one legislator,
"would grind to a halt."

Kosygin Says
Cannot See
'Unable To Accept'
President's Invitation
To Hold Conference
Premier Alexei Kosygin was re-
ported last night to have sent
word to President Johnson that
he is unable at this time to accept
the President's invitation to visit
Administration officials said
Kosygin explained in his response
through diplomatic channels that
he came to the United States to
attend the United Nations special
General Assembly meeting on the
the Middle East and not for the
purpose of making a visit to
American officials.
Invitation Open
So far as could be determined
last night the President's invitat-
ion is still open, however, and
should the Soviet premier later
find that he is able to meet with
Johnson a session still could be
arranged, administration officials
Johnson's invitation to Kosy-
gin was said to have been extend-
ed last weekend. Kosygin arrived
in New York early Saturday to
attend the assembly session on the
Middle East which Russia had re-
No Official Notice
The White House had not re-
ceived direct official notice of his
coming although he was the chief
Soviet official of the delegation
which obtained American visas
at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow.
It was through that means the
President knew of Kosygin's in-
tention to head the Soviet del-

Encouraged Israel in

-Associated Press
DELEGATES FROM THE UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC sat next to those of the Soviet Union in
U.N. General Assembly yesterday. The Soviet Union requested the meeting to demand that the
assembly punish Israel by ordering its forces to yield all Arab territory won in battle. Debate fol-
lowed and the only decision reached was to meet again today.
Johnson Lays Down Five-Point
Peace Outline for Middle East.

From Israel
Asks UN Assembly
To Order Israeli Army
From Arab Territory
- Premier Alexe N. Kosygin
charged yesterday that the Unte4
States encouraged Israel to de
Clare war on the Arabs. He de-
manded that the U.N. General As-
sembly order Israel to get its
troops out of conquered territory
and pay the Arabs for damage
Israel promptly countered that
the Soviet Union for years has
armed the Arabs and encouraged
them in their announced aim of
destroying Israel.
U.S. Ambassador Arthur - J
Goldberg also rejected Kosygin's
charges, made in a speech before
a special emergency session of
the 122-nation General Assembly,.
called by Moscow.
Kosygin heard most of Israel's
rebuttal but had left before Gold-
berg took the rostrum and made
his reply.
U.S. Position
The U.S. chief delegate declared
that the basic position of the
United States had been set forth
a short time earlier in Washing-
ton by President Johnson. "I
am content to leave it to all here
to compare the temper and con-
tent of what these two leaders
have said," Goldberg stated.
The session was also marked
by a denunciation of the pro-
Arab policy of the Soviet Union by
Abba Eban, the Israeli foreign
minister. Eban charged the Rus-
sians with blind support of the
Arabs regardless of the conse-
quences for peace.
Kosygin left the hall just be-
fore Eban finished his speech. But
Soviet officials said it was not °
a walkout aimed at Eban, and the
other Communist delegates stayed
to listen, including some members
of the Soviet delegation.
Russian Attack
Kosygin delivered an over-all
attack on U.S. foreign policy, n-
cluding Vietnam, saying it risked
plunging the world into nuclear
war. But he saved his harshest
words for the Israelis and allega-
tions of support by both the Uni-
ted States and Brittain for the
Jewish state.
He introduced a resolution that
called on the assembly to con-
demn Israel as an aggressor and
order Israeli troops to give up all
the territory gained in Egypt,
Jordan and Syria in the six-day
war that ended June 10.
He added a new demand - that
the assembly order Israel to make
full restitution within the shortest
-mI ,n mA h mfnr all the anmae

WASHINGTON (P) - President
Johnson laid down a five-point;
outline for peace in the Middle;
East yesterday, pitting U.S. dip-
lomatic support for Israel against
Soviet backing of the Arab states
in the aftermath of the Israeli-
Arab war.
In the start of what promises
to be a long battle, the President
rejected Soviet and Arab demands
for immediate withdrawal of Is-'
raeli forces from conquered ter-
ritory as a condition for settle-
Then he spelled out for the first
time U.S policy on this issue

ciples" on which he said peace
should be based in that crisis
"First, the recognized right of
national life.
"Second, justice for the refugees.
"Third, innocent maritime pas-
"Fourth, limits on the wasteful
and destructive arms race.
'And fifth, political independ-
ence and territorial integrity for
Johnson gave progress reports
on Latin America, Europe and
Asia and said the United States

had "made great progress in en-
larging the arena of common ac-
tion with the Soviet Union." In a
sense he was bidding for new
evidence of common action from
Kosygin, and he specifically men-
tioned hope for a treaty to ban the
spread of nuclear weapons and an
agreement to prevent an anti-
ballistic missile arms race.
Without specifically citing Egyp-
tian President Gamal Abdel Nas-
ser's recent threats to destroy Is-
rael in "a holy war" Johnson said
that each nation "must accept the
right of others to life."

Graduate Assembly, I
Opinions on Housing

A public hearing was -held at
last night's meeting of Ann Arbor
City Council on a proposed hous-
ing ordinance for the city. Council
discussed communications from
Graduate Assembly and the Ann
Arbor Board of Realtors regarding
the ordinance, and heard com-
ments and complaints from mem-
bers of the audience.,
Ann Arbor presently operates
under the state housing law, which
was enacted in 1917. The proposed
ordinance was tentatively passed

of premises and rules for enforce-
ment of the ordinance.
The Board report referred to sec.
8:511 of the code, which states,
"the building official may, without
fee or hindrance, enter, examine,
and survey all premises ... " The
-Board said it was their "under-I
standing that a recent Supreme
Court decision would deny thisj
right without a warrant."
Sec. 8:512 of the proposed or-
dinance states that a building of-
ficial is "empowered-to make such
rules and regulations as shall be
necessary for the enforcement"
nf the ende Th eBard asked

which arose out of Israel's light-
Realty Board Offer ning victories over Egypt, Jordan
adSyria in the war that began
two week's ago:
"Certainly troops must be with-
Code City Council drawn, but there must also be
C od e to) recognized rights of national life,
progress in solving the refugee
The communication from Grad- the owner of an apartment dwell- problem, freedom of innocent
uate Assembly asked that respon- ing on Lawrence Street said that maritime passage, limitation of the
sibility for removing and replacing he did not feel he could bring his arms race, and respect for political
storms and screens in multiple low-cost units up to the code and independence and territorial in-
dwellings, not designated in the felt that the statistics on fire tegrity."
proposed ordinance, be stated as prevention in Ann Arbor "do not The President thus directly
residing with the owner or his justify the strictness of the code" linked troop withdrawal to the
agent. in this respect. . problems of a permanent peace
In addition, the Assembly asked A spokesman for the Ann Arbor settlement, as he defined those
for a provision for protection of Property Owners Association said problems in the five issues he spe-
tenants filing complaints of viola- that the new ordinance should af- cified. At the same time he called
tions, because "a tenant who noti- fect tax assessment. He criticized for flexibility of method and urged
Pies the city of an alleged viola- the present system of assessment other leaders, obviously including
tions which the landlord has re- on the basis of earnings on prop- Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin,
fused becomes liable for eviction erty rather than the cost of sell- "to adopt no rigid view on these
as an 'undesirable resident.' " . ing or repairing the property. matters."
Winallv. the Assemhly renort A man identifying himself as Johnson Briefing

The Office of University Hous-
ing is currently offering several
opportunities for faculty members
to live in residence halls in the
fall term, according to Miss Helen
Tanner, Assistant Director of
Teaching staff are to live in the
housing units as "a representative
of the faculty who seeks to ex-
emplify the qualities of an intel-
ligent and educated person.
He will also be there as a res-
pected resident who freely assoc-
iates with his neighbors "in order
to become better acquainted with
them and will share the informal

'U' Offers Faculty Members
Housing in Residence Halls

ition in Kelsey House at South
Quadrangle. Interviews are pres-
ently being held for a faculty
member to live in Alan Rumsey
House in East Quadrangle. The
Housing Office hopes to fill this
position and one at Markley before
the beginning of the fall term.
By fall of 1968 they plan to have
resident faculty members at East
Quadrangle, Bursley Hall, and one
of the women's residence . halls
as well, Miss Tanner said.
According to Miss Tanner, fac-
ulty response to date has been
somewhat limited. She said the
housing office has received only
f;- ;v t ,-;a -f-m - -ri ifar -f

I 1

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