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June 01, 1967 - Image 3

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1967-06-01

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THURSDAY, JUl' 1 E 1, 1967

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

'H.RSDAY, JUNE 1,987 THE M l \:r Et M!FflAI J.V

...

PAGE' 1

Russian
Toward

War

Vessels

Sail

SECESSIONIST UNREST:
Prospects of War Force
Americans from Nigeria

Middle

East

U.S.-Soviet
Sea Conflict
Possible
Nasser Set on Gulf
Blockade; British Call
Action 'Belligerent'
By The Associated Press
Soviet warships began sailing
through the Bosporus yesterday,
raising the threat of a naval con-
frontation with lthe British and
Americans in the Middle East cris-
is, Turkish reports said.
Naval sources in Istanbul said
the advance party consisted of
a submarine repair ship and four
4 armed escort vessels bound for the
eastern Mediterranean.
The Turkish navy command said
the Soviet government reported it
will send 10 warships, in all,
through Turkey's strait to the
Mediterranean, where the power-
ful U.S. 6th Fleet and British
ships are deployed.
One source said that even if
these ships join a Soviet flotilla
of about a dozen ships, the naval
balance would remain strongly in
favor of the United States. The
Soviet flotilla, which has been
shadowing the 6th Fleet, includes
46 submarines, spy trawlers and de-
stroyers.
British Warning
In other action, Britain warned
Egypt yesterday any closing of
the Gulf of Aqaba would be an
act of belligerence. But President
Gamal Abdel Nasser showed no
4 weakening of a determination to
keep Israeli shipping out of the
gulf.
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
and Foreign , Secretary George
Brown outlined the British gov-
ernment's position on the crisis
in House of Commons debate.
The prime minister said the
confrontation between Israel and
the Arab nations "has all the
dangers and characteristics of a
holy war" that could spread.
International Declaration
Brown issued the warning about
the unilateral closing, which Cairo
might interpret as aimed at Egypt.
He urged UN Secretary-General
U Thant to send a representative
to the Middle East to promote
conciliation.
Britain is seeking a clear dec-
laration by the international mari-
time community, Brown said, that
"the Gulf of Aqaba is an inter-
national waterway in which and
through which vessels of all na-
tions have the right of passage."
Syrian Break
The U.S. carrier Intrepid, with
78 jet fighters; approached the
Suez Canal from the Mediterran-
ean, but U.S. officials said it was
en route to Vietnam.
Shortly before the 41,000-ton
carrier reached Egypt's Port Said
Syria broke the spell of Arab
unity by denouncing King Hussein
of Jordan.
Ignoring the mutual defense pact
Hussein signed with Nasser in Cai-
ro Tuesday, Damascus radio
charged the king still plotted
"against Syria's revolutionary re-
gime."
Despite this apparent setback,
sources in Cairo said they consid-
ered that with the Jordanian pact,
Nasser had built up Arab unity
against Israel to its greatest point.
Jordan and Egypt had been at
each other's throats for months.
Turkish Statement
From Turkey came an implied
warning to the United States not
to use U.S. military bases there
if it sides with Israel against the
Arab nations in any showdown.
A government spokesman in An-
kara said Turkey's permission
would be needed if the bases were
used in the current crisis and

added that no such U.S. request
had been received. A U.S. spokes-
man confirmed no request had
been made.
In Cairo, it was reported that
Turkey had assured Egypt the
bases would not be used against
Arab nations.

-Associated Press
JORDANIAN SOLDIERS, AT A CHECKPOINT on the Jordan-Israeli frontier, train their weapons
on an automobile arriving at the Mandelbaum Gate region in Jerusalem, Jordan. In the background
is the Israeli checkpoint with its flag. This gate is the only connection between both sides of the
divided city.
VIET ROUNDUP:
Intensified Conflict Continues
As Hanoi Increases Divisions

SAIGON (A')-U.S. air cavalry-
men and Marines battled North
Vietnamese troops yesterday in
two engagements 300 miles apart
while Navy jets, pursuing the war
north of the border, bombed two
fuel dumps near the port of
Haiphong.
Troopers of the U.S. 1st Air
Cavalry Division flushed an enemy
force of -undetermined size on a
plain of the central coast and,
with help from planes and artil-
lery, were still hammering it at
nightfall.
The U.S. Command said first
reports listed 25 North Vietnamese
soldiers killed. There was no word
on American losses.
Hill 174
Two companies of the 4th Mar-
ine Regiment fought through the
fourth day in an effort to drive
dug-in North Vietnamese from a
ridge, called Hill 174, 500 yards
south of the border demilitarized
zone.
The 300 or so Leathernecks fig-
ured that only a platoon-40 or
50 men-was holding the height,
but enemy machine-gun fire and
grenades held them from the en-
trenchments.
The bulk of two North Vietnam-t
ese companies estimated to have i
been atop the hill when the battle

started Sunday was presumed to
have pulled out.
South Vietnamese forces report-
ed they killed 147 Communists in
two fights, one south of Da Nang'
and the other 85 miles southwest
of Saigon in the Mekong Delta,
Commits New Divisions
American intelligence officers
expressed belief that North Viet-
nam's Ho Chi Minh has recently
committed all or parts of three
new North Vietnamese divisions to
the ground war.
This belief, if confirmed, could
mean pressure for speeding addi-
tions to the 453,000 GIs now in
Vietnam.
Three enemy divisions at full
strength, whether assigned as re-
inforcements or replacements for
mauled Communist units, would
total 35,000 men.
Enemy Number Increase
If the assessment is borne out
and these troops are reinforce-
ments rather than replacements
for Communists felled in battle,
enemy ranks in the south might
rise appreciably above the esti-
mated level of 286,000.
That could mean pressure for
more American servicemen in
Vietnam. Though conventional
warfare marks much of the action
in and around the demilitarized

zone, the Communists retrain
guerrilla tactics and experts esti-
mate it takes anywhere from 4 to
12 defenders to cope with one
guerrilla. I
U.S. military leaders have been
warning for some time that a time
of testing is coming soon for the
allied side.
Gen. William C. Westmoreland'
warned that bigger and bloodier
battles are just around the corner.
One theory holds that the North
Vietnamese have about concluded'
an experimental phase in which
tactics were tested and discarded
as the Hanoi high command
sought an effective way to deal
with the tough American troops
and their massive artillery and air
power.
Concentrate on Supply Lines
The most significant air strikes
against North Vietnam were car-
ried out by Navy jets flying from
the 7th Fleet carrier Hancock.
They hit two important fuel
storage and transshipment points,
respectively four miles northwest
and 3.5 miles west of the center
of Haiphong.
Black smoke billowed up from
both. These were the closest at-
tacks to either Haiphong or Hanoi
in more than a week.
There had been reports from
Washington that U.S. raids in the
immediate areas of the port and
the capital were being suspended
temporarily while pilots concen-
trated again on enemy supply
lines.
M16 Rifle Dispute
Meanwhile,in Washington, State
Department official said yesterday
one of his colleagues "goofed" in
approving the export of 20,300
M16 rifles to Singapore without
getting formal Defense Depart-
ment clearance.
Samuel Berger, deputy assistant
secretary of state for East Asian
affairs, said the transaction was
approved because it was assumed
the Pentagon had no objections.
Berger testified before a House
Armed Services subcommittee that
is looking into the Singapore sale
of the weapon and also into recent
3harges that the M16 has mal-
functioned during combat in Viet-
nam.
Chairman Richard Ichord (D-
Mo), criticized the public airing
of such charges and said the sub-
committee hearings have revealed
"nothing that could warrant the
conclusion the rifle is defective
in itself."

Area
U.S. Urges
Nations To
Heed Thant
Johnson Receives
Bipartisan Support
For UN Resolution
UNITED NATIONS (/P) - The
United States seized the initia-
tive in the UN Security Council
yesterday by proposing a call for
restraint by both Israel and the
Arab countries and a resort to
diplomacy to resolve the Middle
East crisis.
The surprise move raised the
prospect of a Soviet veto. But
there was no immediate reaction
from the Soviet Union or the Arab
countries, whose stand has the
strong support of the Soviets.
U.S. Ambassador Arthur J. Gold-
berg submitted the resolution in
advance of an afternoon meeting
of the 15-nation council. -
Asks To Heed Thant
It called on all the parties con-
cerned to heed Secretary-General
U Thant's plea for a breathing
spell in the tense situation.
Thant asked for a cooling off
period in a report submitted to
the council after his mission to
Cairo and a meeting with Egyptian
President Gamal Abdel Nasser a
week ago.
Under the resolution, the coun-
cil would encourage "the immedi-
ate pursuit of international di-
plomacy in the interests of pacify-
ing the situation and seeking rea-
sonable, peaceful and just solu-
tions."
Maintain Review
The council would keep the
Middle East crisis "under urgent
and continuous review, so that
the council may determine what
further steps it might take in the
exercise of its responsibilities for
the maintenance of international
peace and security."
No mention was made in the
resolution of the declaration by
Egypt that it has control over the
Strait of Tiran, the entrance to
the Gulf of Aqaba, and thus can
clamp a blockade on the Israeli
port of Elath on the gulf.
In his report Thant urged all
parties to the dispute to exercise
special restraint "to forego bel-
ligerence" and avoid all other ac-
tions that could increase tension.
The U.S. resolution was intro-
duced after private consultations
by Goldberg with a number of
members of the council. The So-
viet Union and Bulgaria, the Com-
munist members, were not among
them.
Congressional Reaction
President Lyndon Johnson got
speedy bipartisan support for the
American resolution in Congress.
Democratic Leader Mike Mans-
field of Montana and Republican
Leader Everett M. Dirksen of Il-
linois applauded the action of
Goldberg.
But both senators evidenced
some doubt in separate interviews
that the United Nations can find
a way out of the war-threaten-
ing impasse over Egypt's closing
of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli
shipping.
Dirksen said he regrets the great
acrimony that has developed in
Security Council debate.
He said that unless this can be
moderated in the discussions
which have pitted the Soviet Un-
ion and the Arab countries against
Israel and the West, it will be

difficult to reach any agreement.
Mansfield said if the United
Nations fails to find a settlement
he hopes the Big Four powers will
"assume responsibility and, if
necessary, summon a summit
meeting."
Presents
Duck Soup
with
THE MARX
BROTHERS
in an uproarious
political force
PLUS!
Extra Added Attraction
THE MYSTIC

J~t3 TOI I
WASHINGTON (/P)-Secretary
of Welfare John W. Gardner an-
nounced a full-scale investigation
yesterday into the feasibility of
including the cost of prescription
drugs in the medicare program.
Gardner told a news conference
he has set up a blue-ribbon task
force on prescription drugs and
ordered it to complete its investi-
gation within six months. The
present medicare plan does not
cover the cost of drugs for patients
outside hospitals. .
"For, many older Americans the
cost of needed drugs prescribed by
a physician is a heavy burden,
representing 15 to 20 per cent of
their medical care costs," the sec-
retary said.
President Lists Shortcomings
Another official of the Health,
Education and Welfare Depart-
ment reported that one recent stu-
dy showed the average American
spends $208 a year for medical
services, with about $54 of it ear-
marked for prescription and non-
prescription drugs.
President Johnson told Congress
in a message last January of
shortcomings in the medicare pro-
gram and calLMd for a study of the
possibility of increasing its scope
to include prescription drugs.
Welfare officials did not explain
why it took five months to set up
the task force. But Gardner told
newsmen that the group "has no
prior commitments to recommend
for or against the inclusion of
prescription drugs in the medicare
program. Its directive is first to
investigate and then to make
whatever recommendations it con-
siders appropriate," the secretary
said.
Introduces Bill
The task force will investigate
the present patterns of prescribing
drugs now used by physicians, how
patients pay for the drugs, how
drugs are distributed and-most
important to some, the relative
merits of generic equivalents of
prescription drugs and their trade-
mark clinical equivalents.
The generic-or common brand
name-ve~rsions of prescription
drugs often are many times cheap-
er than the trademark versions
although they are medically the
same product.
Sen. Russell B. Long (D-La),
has introduced a bill in the Senate
that calls for the government to
buy only generic drugs under its
welfare programs.
Dr. Philip R. Lee, assistant sec-
retary for health and scientific
affairs, was named head of the
task force, which includes no mem-
bers from industry, medical or
consumer groups. Lee said those

ie tICart
groups would be solicited for their
views.
C. Joseph Stetler, president of
the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers
Association, offered the help of
that organization "in any way
that will serve the public interest."
Lee told the news conference
that the added cost of broadening
the medicare program would de-
pend a great deal on whether the
government decides to limit its
payments to generic drugs.
There now are about 19 million
persons enrolled in the medicare
program which started operations
last July 1. Under the voluntary
medical insurance part of the pro-
gram, the elderly subscriber pays
$3 a month in premiums. The in-
surance covers 80 per cent of
"reasonable" charges after the
first $50 in medical bills each year.

LAGOS, Nigeria MP)-Prospects
of war between troops of the fed-
eral government and Nigeria's
secessionist Eastern region led
diplomats to arrange yesterday for
in exodus of 700 Americans from
the rebel territory.
Some Britons and Italians also
may pull out.
About 2,000 Americans, includ-
ing 125 Peace Corps volunteers,
live and work in the Eastern re-
;ion, which its military governor,
Lt. Col. C. Odumegwu Ojukwu,
:roclaimed Tuesday to be the in-
dependent Republic of Biafra.
U.S. Ambassador Elbert G.
Mathews advised American firms
to pull out dependents. The 700-

HEW To Study Drug

women and children and others
described as "unable to travel
quickly in an emergency"-will
leave in a privately chartered air-
lift scheduled to start Saturday
from Enugu, the Eastern capital,
and the port of Harcourt.
It also was learned that depend-
ents of American diplomats on
leave will not be permitted to re-
turn. No decision has been reached
Dn whether the U.S. consul, Agen-
cy for International Development
staff members, and the Peace
Corps volunteers should be re-
moved.
Three thousand Britons and 300
Italians are in the ,0,099-square-
mile Eastern territory. British and

Italian authorities began making
arrangements for their withdrawal.
The central government, headed
by Lt. Col. Yakubu Gowon, has
been massing troops for several
months in the Northern region,
Gowon's home area, directly ad-
joining Ojukwu's bailiwick.
Following up an embargo that
he set on Eastern ports, Gowon
cut off Eastern communications
with the rest of Nigeria and the
outside world. All its international
cable and radiotelephone services
are routed via Lagos, where the
plugs were pulled.
Through a message to U.N. See-
retary-General U Thant in New
York, Gowon notified members of
the United Nations that his gov-
ernment would consider recog-
nition of Biafra as an independent
country to be an unfriendly act,
*Government Freezes Accounts
Transfer of money to the East
was banned. Bank accounts of
Easterners in Lagos and other
cities under federal control were
frozen.
Diplomats said they considered
fighting is imminent.
Mobilization of Nigerian armed
forces continued. The navy order-
ed officers and men on leave to
report for duty. Reservists and ex-
servicemen were called in for
registration. Registration in Lagos
started with 50 men in line.
Developing Oil Industry
The Eastern region has stronger
assets than some newly emerging
countries, including a developing
oil industry, but would confront
many problems-economic, social
and political.
African nations generally oppose
separatist movements, since many
of them have trouble with break-
away elements. Katanga's effort
to quit the Congo, a move which
was crushed by Congolese and
U.N. military forces, is a case in
point.

Hoover Protests as Rights
Leaders Name Trouble Spot

WASHINGTON (A)-FBI Direc-
tor J. Edgar Hoover protested yes-
terday that statements by civil
rights leaders pinpointing cities
where riots may occur this sum-
mer is an open invitation to hot-
heads and rabble-rousers to "move
into action."
Hoover apparently referred to
Stokely Carmichael, former head
of the Student Nonviolent Coor-
dinating Committee, and Dr. Mar-
tin Luther King Jr., head of the
Southern Christian Leadership
Conference.
The FBI director, however, did
not mention either by name in
making his comment in his
monthly message to the June issue
of the FBI Law Enforcement Bul-
letin.
Pinpoints Cleveland
King has said the nation can ex-
pect trouble this summer in many
cities, especially Cleveland, Ohio.
Carmichael has made similar
statements referring to Wash-
ington.
In the past, Hoover has often
criticized the actions of King and
Carmichael.
Hoover's new statement said
riots and anarchic demonstrations
which leave devastation and ruin
in their wake place a tremendous
burden on law enforcement of-
ficers. .
"Already hampered by under-
manned staffs, police authorities
are forced to marshal their
strength in expected trouble spots
and leave other neighborhoods

without proper police protection,"
he said.
"In fact, enforcement officers
spend much of their time protect-
ing and guarding marchers and
petitioners.
"However, police officials, as
well as the general public; are
becoming weary of persons who.
f o r self-aggrandizement a n d
monetary gain, exploit noble
causes and agitate peaceful groups
into rioting mobs."
Hoover said for the leaders to
tpublicly pinpoint certain cities
where riots and violence may oc-
cur seems to be inconsistent with
the doctrine of nonviolence.
"Rather, it is more like an open
invitation to hotheads and rabble
rousers in those areas to move into
action on cue," he said. "It puts
them on notice that they are ex-
pected to riot. Where are the
reason and judgment in this type
of leadership?"
Responsible Enforcement
Hover said that in the past law
enforcement agencies have met
their responsibilities during riots
and disorders in an exemplary
manner with some police officers
being 'killed and others assaulted,
abused, and maligned.
"However, I am sure that the
public, every man, woman and
child regardless of his station in
life, can rely upon responsible law
enforcement to discharge the du-
ties of protecting the lives, liberty
and property of all citizens," he
said.

world News Roundup

By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-The stock mar-
ket dropped sharply along a wide
front yesterday with losses of the
daily averages the biggest of 1967
and the largest since last fall.
The New York Stock Exchange
ticker tape trailed by two min-
utes at the close in reporting floor
transactions. Brokers said heavy
selling was generated by inves-
tor concern over the deepening
Middle East crisis. They said news
that more Soviet warships were
expected to steam into the Med-
iterranean was a main factor.
One broker said the possibility
of a confrontation between the
U.S. 6th Fleet and the Soviet
ships intensified the decline.
* * *
TRIPOLI, Libya-A Libyan For-
eign Ministry spokesman denied
yesterday reports that the Ameri-
can air base at Wheelus near Trip-

oli is being used for transporting
arms to Israel.
The spokesman said Libya did
not and will not in any circum-
stances permit Libyan soil to be
used as a base for any military
action against Arabs.
CHICAGO - Traffic accidents
killed 608 persons in the nation
during the long Memorial Day
holiday weekend, a record for the
holiday. The four-day toll com-
pared with 560 traffic deaths dur-
ing a non-holiday period of iden-
tical length two weeks ago.
Despite its record-shattering
proportion, the holiday toll this
year remained well below the 650
to 750 deaths which the National
Safety Council estimated in ad-
vance might occur in the 102-
hour period. The previous high
for a Memorial Day weekend was
542, set during a three-day period
last year.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

U

Miss J plays it cool in Italian sandals
of mahogany color calfskin with those
unique Continental touches she loves.
A. Double cross. B. Nailhead bridge.
C. Naithead bracelet thong.
500

NONLEAGUP

ANNOUNCES

E ,
UNION-LEAGUE

A

SUMMER WEEKEND
JUNE 8-10
June 8-Outdoor Movie June 9-Mix(

:e r I

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