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July 13, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1960-07-13

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To Give

Sees Lack in U.S. Education



Every Year
The new Bain-Swiggett Poetry
Prize will be awarded annually by
the University beginning in 1960-
Established by former professor
Glen Levin Swiggett, now of
Washington, D.C., the fund of
$,1000 provides for an annual
award of $40 for a poem which
"must be after the best traditional
English verse in substance and
form." Eligibility rules have not
been formulated yet.
Similar prizes are awarded at
Princeton University, Earlham
College, Bryn Mawr College,' and
the University of Tennessee. They
are named after Swiggett and his
wife, whose maiden name was
Emma Bain.
Swiggett taught at the Univer-
sity from 1890 to 1892, and now
ranks as the oldest man living
who has ever taught here. He
later held teaching appointments
at. Purdue, Swarthmore College,
University of Missouri, University
of the South, University of Ten-
nessee, and the School of Foreign
Service at Georgetown University.
A writer and lecturer in the
field of comparative literature
and education, and on interna-
tional topics, Swiggett is the
author of several books of poetry
and anthologies of verse. Among
his works are a translation of
Dante's Divine Comedy in terza
rima and three poetry volumes
published in 1959. In 1905 he
founded "The Pathfinder of the
Sewanee," an are and literature
magazine which he edited until
July 13, 1960
Pi Lambda Theta, Xi Chapter, Tea
for local chapter members and mem-
bers of other chapters who are on the
campus, July 14, 4 p.m., home of Mrs.
P. Mancell, 1905 E. Stadium Blvd.
Speaker: Mrs. Robert Haugh who will
tell of experiences in South Africa.


An education expert Monday ex-
amined the American educational
system and found it lacking in
several respects.
Paul F. Brandwein, a general
editor and educational consultant
for a national publishing com-
pany, spoke at the University's
thirty-first annual Summer Edu-
cation conference.
He said the purposes of Ameri-
can education are dual, a point
often missed by European critics.
"It is more difficult to build a boy
than a submarine. The dual aim
of American education is that we
want our children to be as com-
passionate as they are competent.
But, Brandwein said, the United
States has not educated children

for the kind of world they will
have to face.
"When Sputnik went up," he
said, "there was a chorus of con-
demnation in the schools, partic-
ularly with regard to science. 'Look
what the Russians can do,' we
cried. And at once the schools be-
gan to wonder whether any of this
criticism was right, and it was."
"But I have no evidence that
people are happier or more effec-
tive because they go through col-
lege or because they have three
languages. The Germans have two
or three languages and it helped
them to understand France very
"Taking two or three languages
does not induce compassion; it

'U' Students May Take
'Communication Science

Undergraduates may elect com-
munication science courses for the
first time this fall.
Prof. Gordon E. Peterson of the
speech department, chairman of
the program, made the announce-
ment and stressed the University
program is 'the only one of its
kind in the United States.
"It is unique," he said, "because
it recognizes the tremendous need
for people trained specifically in
communications sciences, and has
from its inception devoted itself
to satisfying that need."
The program has been in opera-
tion for two years, but has up to
now been restricted to graduate
students. It is primarily academic
rather than being research cen-
Communications science con-
cerns itself in part with machines

that code and decode, information
storage and retrival in "electronic
brains," mechanical translators
and the processing of data for
such subjects as psychology and
Since man must "understand"
the machines, communication sci-
ence students must not only be-
come experts in electronics and
mathematics, but also in related
fields like speech, linguistics, phy-
siology and the philosophy of lan-
The graduate students presently'
enrolled in the program are of
high academic ability, the major-
ity holding fellowships or scholar-
During the last academic year,
four master's degrees and one doc-
torate were granted in Communi-
cation Science.

may induce competence in a -very
narrow sense."
Brandwein sees two flaws in
American education.
"Twenty years ago we failed to
teach in the schools of the United
States the nature of totalitarian-
ism or Communism. Many teach-
ers who did were threatened by
the community.
"Suddenly, when Sputnik comes
up, we find we are not dealing
with barbarians. We did not teach
Communism for fear we would be
called Communists.
"This was a failure, not in sci-
ence, but in education. We did not
educate children for the world
they would have to face and we
are still not teaching them the
nature of Communism or Fase-
"The second flaw was our sud-
den turn-in 1954 or 1955-to-
wards education of the gifted.
This was an incredible thing be-
cause we were not failing in our
education of scientists and other
gifted individuals.
"One cannot have classes of'
gifted children. They are always
one of a kind, and they are always
dissatisfied-I don't say unhappy."
Brandwein urged the necessity
of "letting the truly gifted child
He said some of the characteris-
tics of these children are: genetic
factors, such as high verbal and
mathematical skills, combined
with high physical vigor for cre-
ating ideas and constructive fan-
tasy; and a pre-schoolt"predis-
posing factor" of persistence, the
ability to work in the face of fear
and failure.
Bureau Makes
A Grand Rapids man has been
appointed program director of the
University's industrial relations
He is Clark C. Caskey, research
and employment manager for the
Grand Rapids Employers Associ-
Caskey will plan, organize and
present conferences and seminars
for the bureau, which has greatly
expanded its educational services
in personnel management for
Michigan business.

Former Daily
News Editor
Dies Suddenly
Chesser M. Campbell, president
of the Chicago Tribune Co. and
publisher of the Chicago Tribune,
died Sunday.
Campbell, who graduated from
the University in 1921, was a for-
mer city editor and news editor of
The Daily.
While attending the University,
Campbell served as Ann Arbor
sports correspondent for news-
papers in six Big Ten cities, and
planed varsity football as a junior.
He was a member of the Univer-
sity chapter of Sigma Delta Chi.
High School
Bandal eaders
To Meet Here
The twelfth annual National
Band Conductors' Conference will
be held here next week.
Some of the nation's best musi-
cians are on the programs.
The event is the largest summer
band conductor's 'conference in
the country. It is offered by the
Summer Session without registra-
tion fee as a public service.
About 400 leaders of school
bands in American elementary and
secondary schools will attend. Ex-
hibitors will display band music,
equipment, instruments and uni-
All sessions of the conference
are open to the public.
Conference leaders include Ar-
mando Ghitalla, a trumpeter from
the Boston Symphony and Fred-
erick Wilkins, a New York flutist.

The word "catharsis" which has
its origin in Aristotle's "Poetics,"
is subjected to a free-for-all con-
troversy as to its actual meaning,
WUOM Producer-Editor Jerrold
Sandler says.
Speaking at the Unitarian
Church Sunday night on the topic
"The Theatre as Catharsis," Sand-
ler pointed out Aristotle did not
elaborate. He merely used the
term in his statement that tragedy
should produce a catharsis of pity
and fear.
Commentators have since offered
a number of different definitions,
Sandler added.
The Webster definition empha-
sizes the purification of emotions.
Others emphasize the laxative as-
pect and regard catharsis as a
medical metaphor. Still others as-
sociate pleasant relief, sublimation,
equilibrium, emotional exhaustion
and vicarious experence with ca-
Equated with Sadism
Rousseau equated catharsis with
sadism. He viewed the theatre as
a modern gladiator'show. In con-
trast, Sandler noted, some believe
catharsis satisfies masochistic ten-
dencies by "relishing the bitter
taste of sorrow." ,
An interesting expansion of the
"equilibrium" theory, he noted, is



Women's League
Friday 9-12

that since pity is the impulse to
approach fear the impulse to flee
the curious tension resulting from
these two opposing forces might
be the heart of catharsis.
Sandler contended that, al-
though he did not believe the
prime function of the theatre was
to serve as a hospital, catharsis
does have a healing effect on both
the audience and the actors.
Inherent in Pleasure
Catharsis seems to be inherent
in pleasure, he continued. "The
theatre is not purposely purgative,
it just happens."
Catharsis suggests some kind of
transformation, he said. "As the

Read and Uem
Michigan Daily Classifiec

Theatre Brings Catharsis to Audience

production nears opening nigl
both the sense of private owne
ship in the play and a sense
unity increases among the actc
and the stage crew." For those i
volved in the actual production,
kind of collective catharsis tak
place, he said.
In any case, Sandler said, t
notion of catharsis first record
around 330 B.C. is still useful
understanding why we'go to t
theatre and why "the show mt
go on.'
- 508 E. William -
Wed. and Thurs.-Poetry
Fri. and Sot.-Folk songs
(50c door charge)
Sunday-JAZZ-9-12 p.m
(75c door charge)
Open daily 8 p.m. to 2 a.m.




GiPema quild



(Continued from Page 2)
cuss the "Correlation Between Viral
RNA andBProtein Synthesis" at 10 a.m.
In Aud. B. Angell Hall. At the evening
meeting, Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, Uni-
versity of California, Berkeley, will
speak on "Recent Studies of Viral RNA"
at 7:30 p.m. and Seymoud Benzer,
Dep't of Biological Sciences, Purdue
University, will speak on the "Rela-



TWO ENCORE H ITS - One Complete

NO 8-6416
Show Nightly



Ale. Guinnoss
arlves-MalreenPa-SErnie Ko es
Noel Coward -Maph ]Richardson "Jodorrw

tion of Genetic Fine Structure of a
Bacterial Virus to Molecular Structure
of DNA," at 8:30 p.m.
Doctoral Examination for Paul Was-
serman, Ltbrary Science; thesis: "To-
ward a Methodology for the Formu-
lation of Objectives in Public Libraries:
An Empirical Analysis," Wed., July 13,
10 General Library, at 9:00 a.m. Chair-
man, R. H. Gjelsness.
Doctoral Examination for James Ar-
thur Marshall, Chemistry; thesis: "Ap-
proaches to the Synthesis of Pimaric
Acid" Thurs., July 14, 3003 Chemistry
B3ldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, R. E.
Placement Notices
Wayne County General Hospital, El-
oise, Mich. Chemist or Medical Tech-
nologist. Prefer woman, no experience
Wilson & Co., Inc. Prudential Plaza,;
Chicago. Home economics director. Wo-
moan. Severay yrs. experience in food
related field required. Also biochemist,
PhD. Male.
Kimberly Clark Corp. Neenah, Wis.
Sales Department. Sales trainee-Indus-
trial, Salesmen-Consumer Products,
Market Planning Research, Package
Design Manager, Advertising Research
Analyst, Interviewer Supervisor (fe-
male), Survey Analyst. Technical Dept.
Manufacturing Trainee, Fluid Mech-
anics Engineer, Research & Develop-
ment Engineers, Tech. Librarian, Man-
ager-Research Labs, Process Problem
Eng., Process Engineer Trainee, Textile
Chemist. Engineering Dept. Experienced
Design Eng., Experienced Detail Draft-
man, Co-op Engineers. Financial Dept.
Accounting Trainees, Internal Auditor.
Personnel Div. Personnel Trainee,
Training Coordinator. Purchasing Dept.
Purchasing Trainee ChE, Purchasing
U.S. Civil ServiceCommission. We
have the current listing for local and
regional, and Federal Civil Service
Detroit Civil Service. We have list of
positions, including typists, Student
Tech. Assistant (Nursing(, Tech. Aid
(Business Administration, male and
female), Engineers. Technical Aid, Gen-
eral. (This i8 an exam for nonspecial-
ized college graduates.)
City of St. Louis, Missouri. Planetar-
iu m Director.
Dept. of the Navy. We have their list
of current openings.
City of Kalamazoo, Mich. Juvenile
Court Probation Officer.
Executive Manpower Corp. Asst. to
the Vice President-Manufacturing. Ex-
tensive experience and education in
paper mill, executive work required.
Pittsburgh Coke & Chem. Co. Senior
Chemist. Tech Librarian (female).
City of Rockford' Ill. Engineering
Supt. Experience in the field of public
works, design and construction re-.
Kerr Manufacturing Co. Detroit.
Chemist, with degree.
Blaw Knox Co.,aPittsburgh. Engineers
of all kinds. Metallurgist.
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 4021 Admin.
Bldg., Ext. 3371.
DIAL NO 2-6264
Ending Tonight '


We have the experience and
know how to flatter you!!!
.. . No Appointments Needed
. 10 Hairstylists
The Dascola Barbers
Near the Michigan Theater







'Good biographical films are
so rare that film historians can
be pardoned for having paid
little attention to this genre. It
remains, however, a hardy per-
ennial of the screen, in which
the careers of athletes, musi-
cians, aviators, and even states-
men are eagerly viewed by their
followers and fans.
The vocational categories
mentioned above suggest that
the biographical film, as ordi-
narily made, is an attempt to
cash In on the current interest
in a popular hero. With such a
shallow motivation on the part
of the makers, it is hardly to be
wondered that the results are
generally artistically wretched,
The impulse to idealize the sub-
ject, a problem hard enough to
overcome in a written biogra-
phy, is indifferently resisted
when the producing mechanism
is a gigantic commercial ma-
chine. The result is something
that not only ought to make the
dead turn wildly in their graves
but even more astonishing, does
not even appear to draw a yelp
from the living. Chopin bleeds
over his keyboard on an in-
vented "Free Poland!" tour,
while a current athletic favor-
ite explains his Horatio Alger-
like rise to the Boy Scout oath,
modified slightly by urban liv-
ing. Every effort is made to
persuade the audience that if
art is discussed, the film is
artistic; if science is given a
brief bow, the film is progres-
sive; if a political figure waxes
platitudinous, the film is pro-
What is decidedly required
in any biographical film that
must escape the pitfalls of dull-
ness and sensationalism is a
blend of conscience and sensi-
tivity. Fortunately, in the 1930's
such a combination existed in
Hollywood. The Warner Broth-
ers studio did not feel that pov-
erty would be abolished by
amusing the poor; they pro-
duced a number of films that
evidenced an intelligent reac-
tion to then and even now cur-
rent social problems. In Wil-
liam Dieterle, who had pre-
viously been employed in hack
work (an exception being A
Midsummer Night's Dream)
they found a director whose
German seriousness was re-
sponsible for a unique series of
fine biographical films. Dieterle
demanded, to begin with, that
the film should reflect the pe-
riod it dealt with; the truth of
the documentary was to be ap-
plied to past periods of history.
Secondly, he was interested,
not in the external successes of
a life, but in the inner drives,
the sense of dedication, that
brought recognition to the men
he treated.
,the Story of Louis Pasteur,
a film biography that eschewed

ruary) may be his finest film.
The French government op-
posed its exhibition at the Ven-
ice Film Festival and later.
banned it in France. It won
the Academy Award for the best
production of 1937. The recent
Dreyfus film, starring Ferrer,
is in comparison a bad botch.
Juarez was a magnificent biog-
raphy of the Mexican revolu-
tionary leader, but it suffered,
just a bit, from the infusion of
Hollywood romance. Bette Da-
vis, as the deranged Empress
Carlotta, demanded her final
Ivictory, over visions of sea, to
the strains of La Paloma. It is
Dieterle's last film biography
of the period that Cinema Guild
is showing this weekend, Dr.
Ehrlich's Magic Bullet.
The title, unfortunately, sug-
gests fiction. It is, however,
science, and not fiction that
Dieterle emphasizes in the film.
There is nothing of romantic
interest. Ehrlich took his wife
as much for granted as he did
his testtubes. An eminent bac-
teriologist, he first came to at-
tention with his work on cell
staining. His work on immu-
nology dominated the thought
on the subject for twenty-five
years; in 1907 he brought out
trypanosome, a dye that killed
the disease-causing micro-or-
ganisms; and in 1908 he won
a Nobel Prize. However, it was
two years later that he brought
out salvarsan, an organic ar-
senic compound that was prob-
ably his greatest discovery in
a lifetime devoted to healing.
People who since the 1940's
take penicillin for granted can
have little little idea of the
benefaction of Ehrlich's dis-
covery. Richard Burton had
written that syphilis "crucifies
the soul of man, attenuates our
bodies, dries them, withers
them, shrivles them up like old
apples." There was no cure for
this horrible disease which
eventually could reduce people
to idiots and was transmitted
by a brutal irony in the act of
love. Prudery and hypocrisy
took league in denying its very
existence. Ehrlich, moved by
the suicide of a syphilis vic-
tim, had no conscientious
qualms in assailing Mrs. Grun-
dy that embodiment of moral
principle, who says that people
who do certain things ought to
bear any possible consequences;
and in any event, she will op-
pose a rational or relativistic
enquiry into morals. From her
point of view, certain things
are sacred, and she will resist
philosophy and science in the
only aspect she knows them, as
disturbers of home and country.
It could not have been easy for
Ehrlich, despite his zeal for dis-
interested inquiry, to challenge
Mrs. Grundy, to submit to the
campaign of vilification that

obloquy. Ehrlich tried patiently
in his laboratory 605 organic
compounds that would kill the
syphilis spirochete in the blood
stream without injuring the
host; salvarsan was compound
606. Even Mrs. Grundy, if she
had an erring husband, might
have compromised her con-
science after the discovery was
known, for the sake of her chil-
Ehrlich's struggles and
achievements are faithfully
mirrored in a film whose stark
honesty drew universal acclaim.
Edward G. Robinson, who had
been typed in hard-boiled gang-
ster roles, welcomed the chance
to break away and turned in a
brilliant performance. Albert
Bassermann, considered Ger-
many's finest actor and then a
refugee from Hitler, made an
impressive debut as Robert
Koch. Ruth Gordon, as Ehr-
lich's wife, did her best in a
role whose strongest emotion(
appeared to be moral support.
Otto Kruger and Maria Ous-
penskaya completed the roster
of a thoroughly professional
cast. John Huston was respon-
sible for much of the screen-
play. But for the unfaltering
recreation of a vanished Ger-
many and for the sober and
convincing tone of Ehrlich's
history, William Dieterle de-
serves the credit; he made film
biography a serious art.
Dieterle is still working in
Hollywood; but the fortunate
combination of circumstances
that brought about the works
of his middle period has not
recurred. His best talents are
no longer used, and we can ac-
cept the verdict of the;Film-
lexikon degli Autori e delle
Opere that it is by the series
of biographical films that he
will be remembered.


Scoop up a summerful of fashion at our great sale
of DRESSES and you scoop up SAVINGS!
----------- __ _-_ _--- ..

reduced to
$288 and $388
values to 5.99

All spring coats and suits
of wool white, pastels, and
darks. Shorties and long.
Orig. were $29.95 to $55.00
Now $14.98 to $25
1-6 strand fresh water, natural
and pastel simulated PEARLS.
Also JEWELRY of all kinds.
Orig.-$5.00 to $12.95
now grouped
$1.00 to $3.98
Group girdles - panty
briefs - bras - scarfs -
jewelry - zircon and stone
*rt ins

Group Dresses
and Costumes
of silk prints -laces -
linen - shantung-knits.
Better cottons -ornel
blends - dacrons. Many
exciting styles ...sheaths,
shirtwaist, sunbacks, bouf-
fonts, jacket dresses.
Orig. were 14.95-49.95
Now $7.98-$25
Junior sizes 7 to 15
Tall and average 10 to 20
Women's Sizes
38 to 44 and 121/2to 261/2
by Seamprufe
Lace trimmed $3.98
Were $5.98-Sizes 32-44

For its short subject this week
Cinema Guild is showing a very
early example of the animated
film, Gertie the Dinosaur. (The
single British book on this sub-
ject calls it Gertie, a Trained
Dinosaur.) Until TV revealed
the the charms of Krazy Kat,
few Americans were aware of
a pre-Disney period in the ani-
mated film. Yet it was an
American, Winsor McCay, who
established the animated film
as a popular item of film fare
in the first decade of this cen-
tury. Earlier animators had
confined themselves to human.
subjects; but McKay, in turn-
ing to the animal world, was
able to exploit the kinds of re-
lease that psychologists still find
useful in Blackie drawings.
Those who see Gertie should
not expect the captivating vein
of whimsy and humor that we
associate with vintage Disney,
still less the stylized sophistica-
tion of UPA. But Gertie has her



Keddettes and
Many styles and



Odds & Ends of





t ... Tu~yEiti






01 1

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